The enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast is known as gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is common in men who are in the infancy, puberty and also in their middle or old age. However this condition must be distinguished from lipomastia or pseudogynecomastia which is different, and refers to fat deposit in the breast are of men.
Although gynecomastia is the most common reason for medical examination of male breasts, but true gynecomastia is only present in very small percentage of men.Gynecomastia is a condition that happens because of imbalance in the estrogen and androgen hormones in men.
When the secretion of estrogen (female hormone) in men becomes relatively high than androgen (male hormone) this condition occurs in the male anatomy. Gynecomastia that happens in boys during their puberty and in normally growing infants often gets resolved on its own as hence is also known as psychologic gynecomastia.
These are the signs and symptoms of gynecomastia:
These are the causes of gynecomastia are :
Hormones play an important role in the body of the person and testosterone and estrogen play a vital role in the sex characterization of male and female. Testosterone is also known as male hormones and is responsible for male traits but they are also present in females.
Like that only estrogen is present in females in large quantity and is responsible for female traits. But they are also present in males. If the level of estrogen is high in females or the level of estrogen is higher than testosterone it can be the reason for gynecomastia.
These are the substance which can cause gynecomastia:
There are several health conditions which can cause gynecomastia by balancing the hormonal level of the body, which includes:
These are the medicines which cause gynecomastia:
Anti-androgen is the type of medication which is used for the treatment of prostate cancer, prostate enlargement, and some of the other conditions. This anti-androgen medicine can cause gynecomastia. These are the medicines which are included flutamide, finasteride, and spironolactone (Aldactone).
Gynecomastia can develop in the males who are HIV positive because they are given treatment for HAART. The most common medications associated with gynecomastia is Efavirenz (Sustiva) and is responsible for causing gynecomastia.
Diazepam(Valium), anti-anxiety medication like Antibiotics, tricyclic antidepressants, cancer treatment (Chemotherapy), Ulcer medication (cimetidine), heart medication (digoxin).
The lasting up of this disease depends upon the age, health, and how you are responding to certain drugs. Gynecomastia which happens at the time of puberty can be cured on its own and might take 6 months to 3 years.
For the proper diagnosis of gynecomastia, the doctor will ask about the medical history of the patient and what are the health conditions of your family. After this, the doctor will perform a physical exam in which there will be a careful examination of breast tissues, genitals, and abdomen.
The initial test may include:
Further deep tests which are done by the doctor are:
1. Medications: Medicines such as:
2. Surgery: These are the type of surgeries done for the treatment of gynecomastia:
in this extra fat is removed from the breast area but the breast gland tissue is not removed. Mastectomy: This surgery is done to remove the breast gland tissue and it requires less recovery time.
a male who is suffering from gynecomastia feels embarrassing and stressful. At times it can also become traumatic thus these are the steps that must be taken:
this can be done so as to help the patient of gynecomastia who is also suffering from depression or anxiety. Counselling can also help the person to talk with the family and cope up with the situation.
if you talk with other patients who are suffering from gynecomastia then it can also help in coping up with the situation.
nonsurgical methods are at the time of puberty because the disease gets cured on its own within 6 months to 3 years.
The average cost of gynecomastia surgery ranges about 280,000 - 350,000 INR.
For getting rid of gynecomastia one must not take any kind of drugs like marijuana and must reduce the estrogen level in the body and that can be done by reducing fats. Because the level of estrogen is increased if there is more fat in the body.
These are the things that can be done naturally:
In this, you can increase the intake of iodine as it is necessary for the hormonal growth of the body. One must also maintain the weight of the body so as to prevent the drop in the testosterone level of the body which is necessary for reducing the level of gynecomastia. There must be a balance in the alcohol intake of the body to keep your hormones balanced.
If a person is suffering from gynecomastia then he/she must keep the weight normal as obesity is not a good sign and can be a harmful situation. Exercise must be done to stay fit. There must not be the use of any illegal drug because it increases the chances of getting gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia is not a very serious disease and yes it can be cured either on its own or with the help of surgery.
Gynecomastia cannot be prevented as growth and aging both are the natural process and both cannot be stopped. But if the conditions which are the underlying cause of gynecomastia the disease can be prevented to an extent.
These are the home remedies that can be done:
this helps in raising the level of hormones in the body and reduces the size of breast in males in a natural way.
the fat deposition in the body must be less as it causes gynecomastia and doing exercise is the best remedy to get rid of this disease.
There are multiple health benefits of flax seeds. They are full of omega-3 thus help in boosting the level of testosterone in the body and prevents the enlargement of breasts.
another source of omega-3 fatty acids and help in reducing the level of estrogen or female hormones in the body and prevents enlargement of the breasts.
if the body lacks zinc then it is certain that a person may suffer from gynecomastia as a low level of zinc reduces the level of testosterone in the body. Therefore food rich in zinc must be eaten which include, cashews, raisins, oysters, lobsters.
there is a compound found in red clover called genistein which is helpful in reducing the level of estrogen in the body.
Ginger boosts the metabolism of the body by reducing the fat and it may also help in reducing the fat of chest area. Therefore ginger tea must be taken in order to stay fit.