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Overview

Uterine Fibroids: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Uterine fibroids are firm, compact benign tumors which are made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that originate in the uterus (womb). Sometimes, these tumors become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. Although it is not clearly known what causes fibroids, it is believed that each tumor develops from an aberrant muscle cell in the uterus, which multiplies rapidly because of the influence of the hormone estrogen.

Most women with uterine fibroids have no symptoms. But these fibroids can also cause a number of symptoms depending on their size, location within the uterus, and how close they are to adjacent pelvic organs. Symptoms of uterine fibroids may include heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods, pelvic pain due to the pressure caused as the tumor presses on pelvic organs, frequent urination, low back pain, pain during intercourse etc. In most cases, these heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, or the abnormal bleeding between periods, can lead to iron-deficiency or anaemia in women.

After uterine fibroids has been diagnosed properly relating its size, location etc. the patient may receive a combination of treatments. The doctor may prescribe medicines to destroy the fibroids. In case the fibroids are large and multiple, surgeries (myomectomy) may be performed. The doctor may also perform a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) if the condition worsens, or if no other treatments work. Also, a new and completely non-invasive surgical procedure can be performed. This is called forced ultrasound surgery (FUS) where high-energy, high-frequency sound waves are directed at the fibroids to destroy (ablate) them.

How is the treatment done?

Fibroids are not cancerous nor do they interfere with pregnancy. In such instances, women can get along with it without any treatment. They tend to shrink after menopause, when levels of reproductive hormones drop. But, otherwise, in order to treat uterine fibroids, medications are prescribed to regulate the menstrual cycle, treating symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pressure. These medicines like Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists, Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) target the hormones and thus help to shrink the fibroids. Non -steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which may be taken side by along with the other medicines, may be effective in relieving pain related to fibroids.

MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery (FUS) is a noninvasive treatment option for uterine fibroids that preserves the uterus. A high-energy ultrasound transducer detects the precise location of the uterine fibroids and sound waves (sonications) are used to heat and destroy small areas of fibroid tissue. Also, small particles (embolic agents) can be injected into the arteries supplying the uterus. This helps to cut off blood flow to fibroids, causing them to shrink and die. Laparoscopic procedures like myolysis and robotic myomectomy can also be used.

In case of multiple fibroids, very large fibroids or very deep fibroids, the doctor decides to perform surgical operations to remove the uterine fibroids. An open abdominal surgical procedure can help relieve the pain but affect future fertility. Also, hysterectomy can be performed as a permanent procedure. This involves removal of the uterus and ends one’s ability to bear children.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Usually, uterine fibroids do not cause much trouble unless large. A patient should, nonetheless, consult a doctor if she has symptoms of fibroids which include irregular and heavy menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, pelvic or abdominal pain, frequent painful urination, or an inability to control the flow of urine, increasing abdominal girth etc. These symptoms of vaginal bleeding is also associated with dizziness, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, or chest pain

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Unless women have bothersome or severe symptoms, they do not need to treat uterine fibroids. Doctors examine the changes and size of fibroids when one is pregnant to avoid any complication.

Are there any side effects?

Myomectomy poses a unique set of side effects. Risks may include infection of the pelvic region including uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries, scar tissue, injuries to the bladder or bowel. As a result of fibroids, the person might already have lost blood. Surgical operations may cause further complications like blood loss, infertility etc. Also, such operations if carried out callously, can increase the risk factors of having cancer.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After treatment, all patients should follow their health care practitioner's instructions. A health care practitioner or doctor may choose to perform more frequent pelvic exams, such as every six months, to determine whether there has been additional growth of fibroid tissues or other complications.

How long does it take to recover?

Time to recover depends on the size of the fibroids and the procedure of treatment. Medications may take a longer time to gradually cut down on the tissues and fiber growths. Surgical operations also provide variable recovery time. Hysteroscopy is an outpatient procedure and requires from a few days to 2 weeks to recover. Laparoscopy requires 1 to 2 weeks. Laparotomy is a longer procedure and may require 4 to 6 weeks to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Operations for removing uterine fibroids requires a huge amount. On an average, surgical operations cost Rs. 70,000- Rs. 90,000/-.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Use of medications like Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) and others do not guarantee a permanent cure. There may arise issues relating pregnancy or recurrent pregnancy loss related to submucosal fibroids. The only permanent solution for uterine fibroids is undergoing surgical operations. Complete removal of uterus provides permanent relief from extreme symptoms of fibroids but also take away the ability to become pregnant.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Homeopathy is a lot more effective treatment of uterine fibroids. Though slowly, but homeopathy provides the best non surgical treatment for fibroids. The medicines surely retard the growth of fibroids and over a period of time, the fibroids disappear completely. This is a far more effective and the most convenient treatment of fibroids.

There is no specific self-care is available for uterine fibroids. In case of immense pain, women may apply heat to the lower abdomen by using a heating pad or hot water bottle. Doing exercise, which improves blood flow, may also reduce pain. Anemia can be prevented by Increasing the amount of iron in the diet.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 2000- Rs 90,000

Popular Health Tips

Fibroids - Surgical & Non-Surgical Ways Of Treating It!

MBBS, MS - Obs and Gynae, MRCOG(London), DNB, Fellowship In Uro Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Fibroids -  Surgical & Non-Surgical Ways Of Treating It!

Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumours of the womb (uterus). They are also known as myomas. They are growths of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue. The size of fibroids can vary from as small as a pea to that of a melon. At least one in five women develop a fibroid at some stage of their life, usually between the ages of 30-50 years old. 

Fibroids are named according to where they are found in the womb. There are three types: 

Intramural fibroids are found in the wall of the womb and are the most common type of fibroids found in women.

Subserosal fibroids are found growing outside the wall of the womb and can become very large. They can also grow on stalks (called pedunculated fibroids).

Submucosal fibroids are found in the muscle beneath the inner lining of the womb wall.

Symptoms

The majority of women with fibroids show no symptoms. However, if symptoms develop, they may experience one or more of the following:

  • Heavy or painful periods- in some cases this can lead to anaemia

  • Discomfort, or swelling, in the lower abdomen, particularly if the fibroids are large

  • Urinating frequently, usually if the fibroids are pressing on the bladder,

  • Constipation which can be caused by the fibroids pressing on the rectum (large intestine leading to your anus), and

  • infertility Very rarely, fibroids can cause problems during pregnancy and labour

Diagnosis

As fibroids rarely have symptoms, they are often found during a routine gynaecological (vaginal) examination. If fibroids are suspected, an ultrasound scan can be used to confirm a diagnosis. A trans-vaginal scan is sometimes used to diagnose fibroids. It involves a small scanner being inserted into the vagina to take a close-up image of the womb.

Fibroids near your inner lining, and those within the cavity of your womb, can be seen directly using a hysteroscope (small telescope used to examine the inside of your womb). To look at the size and shape of the outside of your womb a laparoscope (small flexible tubing used to look inside the abdomen) is used. 

If you do not have any symptoms from your fibroids, treatment may not be necessary. Some women with minor symptoms, such as heavy periods, choose not to have treatment as their day-to-day life is not affected. After the menopause, fibroids often shrink, and your symptoms will either disappear or ease slightly.

Treatment

To treat fibroids, your GP may recommend medication. However, in more severe cases, surgery can be considered.

  1. Treatment with medication
    • Tranexamic acid these tablets are taken from the start of your period for up to four days. The tablets work by helping the blood in your womb to clot, which reduces the amount of bleeding.
    • Anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen and mefanamic acid help to ease your periods and are taken for a few days during your period. They work by reducing your body’s production of a hormone-like substance, called prostaglandin, which is linked to heavy periods. They are also painkillers but are not a form of contraceptive. Common side effects include indigestion and diarrhoea.
    • The contraceptive pill is often taken, during your period, to prevent your menstrual cycle (period) from occurring. Some contraceptive pills also help to reduce any period pain you may experience.
    • Levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is a small plastic device that is placed in your womb and slowly releases the progestogen hormone called levonorgestrel. It prevents the lining of your womb from  growing quickly so your bleeding becomes lighter. Possible side effects of LNG-IUS include; having irregular bleeding that may last for more than six months, acne (inflamed skin on the face), headaches, and breast tenderness. The most effective medication to treat fibroids is an injected hormone medicine called
    • Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa). GnRHa works by preventing your menstrual cycle (period), but it is not a form of contraceptive. However, it does not affect your chances of becoming pregnant after you stop using it. Common side effects include menopause-like symptoms, such as hot flushes, increased sweating, and vaginal dryness. Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) is a less common side effect.
  2. Surgical procedures Surgical procedures, for treating fibroids, are usually considered for large fibroids (>5cm) or if medications are ineffective in relieving symptoms. Common surgical procedures that are used to treat fibroids include:
    • Myomectomy involves surgery to remove the fibroids from the wall of your womb. A myomectomy is an alternative to having a hysterectomy, particularly for women still wishing to have children. However, the procedure may not always be possible as it depends on your individual circumstances, such as the size, number and position of your fibroids. 
    • Hysterectomy involves surgery to remove the womb. A hysterectomy is not usually necessary unless the fibroids are very large or you have severe bleeding. A hysterectomy may be advised in order to prevent fibroids recurring.
    • Endometrial ablation is removal of the womb lining. It is usually only carried out if your fibroids are near the inner surface of your womb. The affected womb lining is removed, which may be done in a number of ways, including using laser energy, a heated wire loop, microwave heating, or hot fluid in a balloon.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - Types And Diagnosis You Must Know

Masters of Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Pune
Uterine Fibroids - Types And Diagnosis You Must Know

Noncancerous growths of the muscle tissue surrounding the uterus are known as uterine fibroids. This is a common disease which about 70 to 80% of women contract by the time they are 50 years of age. The uterine fibroids can sometimes be very big and cause heavy periods as well as severe abdominal pain while at other times, uterine fibroids give no signs or symptoms whatsoever and go away on their own. This is why it is crucial to know what type of uterine fibroids you have and how to diagnose them. Here are the types of uterine fibroids and how to diagnose them;

Types
There are three main types of uterine fibroids. They are;

1. Intramural fibroids: The most common type of uterine fibroids are intramural fibroids. They typically appear in the endometrium and may grow larger which results in your womb getting stretched.

2. Subserosal fibroids: Subserosal fibroids are called so because they form on the serosa. The serosa is the outside of your uterus. Sometimes, Subserosal fibroids may grow so large that your uterus appears bigger on one side.

3. Pedunculated fibroids: Pedunculated fibroids tumors are basically Subserosal fibroids with a stem. A base which supports the tumor is called the stem.

Diagnosis
There are a number of tests done to diagnose uterine fibroids. They are;

1. Pelvic exam: A pelvic exam is a thorough inspection of a woman’s pelvic area. The organs which are in the pelvic area include the cervix, ovaries, uterus and vagina. Normally, this and the next test in this article are enough to diagnose uterine fibroids.

2. Medical history: The history of your periods as well as the other symptoms you have will often be enough to diagnose the uterine fibroids. If your medical history is not enough, then you might need to undergo a pelvic exam.

3. Pelvic ultrasound: An ultrasound is when high-intensity sound waves are used to produce images of the pelvic area. This is only done when a pelvic exam and your medical history are not enough to diagnose uterine fibroids.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2637 people found this helpful

Top Facts About Uterine Fibroids!

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Top Facts About Uterine Fibroids!

Also referred to as myomas or leiomyomas, uterine fibroids are the most common form of uterine tumors. In a recent study, it was found that about 70 to 80 percent of women are likely to be affected by uterine fibroids by the age of 50. And the most vulnerable age of developing uterine fibroids is between the age of 40s and early 50s.

What are uterine fibroids?
Fibroids are harmless and noncancerous tumors even though sometimes, they can give way to a rare form of cancer known as uterine sarcoma. But there is no precise way of detecting sarcoma expect when surgery is performed for removing fibroids. If you have uterine fibroids, it is important to discuss your risks for having uterine sarcoma with your doctor. Women who hail from Africa and America are more likely to have uterine fibroids. These fibroids tend to grow at a very young age and lead to more severe symptoms. You may also have increased risk of uterine fibroids in case you have never been pregnant or are severely obese.

Some women have uterine fibroids, but they don’t have any symptom or discomfort, and the number of such women is usually high. It is generally perceived that a woman with uterine fibroids who don't have any symptoms would not require much treatment other than general observation.

What are the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids?
Even though numerous symptoms are associated with having uterine fibroids, the most common of them are having heavy menstrual flow with blood clots. It can also cause bleeding when you are not supposed to have menstruation, urge to pass urine frequently, abdominal bloating, pelvic cramping, and painful sex.

Even though you can still get pregnant while having uterine fibroids, you are likely to face various difficulties since these small lumps can alter the size as well as the shape of the uterus.

What is the most common treatment option for uterine fibroids?
Scores of hysterectomies, which is the medical term given to the surgical removal of the uterus, are performed each year for uterine fibroids. It not only snatches away the power to procreate but also carries its own risks and complications.Doctors suggest this option when uterine fibroids are very painful, or other treatment options have failed to eliminate the symptoms.

But the good news is that hysterectomy is not the only option for treating uterine fibroids. Other treatment options include myomectomy which is the surgical removal of the fibroid, hormone therapy to shrink the fibroid, Uterine Fibroid Embolization that stops the blood supply to the fibroid thus shrinking it, and Ultrasound to destroy the fibroids.

When you are nearing or in menopause, you can monitor the condition as the fibroids tend to shrink due to drop in the levels of estrogen and progesterone. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3045 people found this helpful

Uterine Cancer - Who Is At Risk?

MBBS, MD-Radio Therapy
Oncologist, Ghaziabad
Uterine Cancer - Who Is At Risk?

Cancer, be it in any part of the body, has an increased success rate of cure and survival, when it is diagnosed early. The same is true with uterine cancer, the most common form of female reproductive cancer. However, unfortunately, a limited section of the society is aware of the necessary information about this fatal disorder, which is incidentally treatable if caught at early stages. To help the cause, here is a brief note on what one should be aware of when it comes to uterine cancer.

What is uterine cancer?
Cancer which begins at the tissue lining of the uterus also referred to as the endometrium, is called uterine or endometrial cancer which occurs due to the abnormal growth of the cells that can invade the other parts of the body. Some people tend to confuse this with uterine sarcomas which start developing when there is cancer growth in the muscles and other supporting tissues in the uterus. Also, uterine sarcomas account for a small percentage of cancers in the uterus.

Who are at higher risk of being affected with uterine cancer?
It is presumed that post-menopausal women are at a higher risk of being affected by uterine cancer. The average women diagnosed with the disease is 60 years. It is very uncommon in women who are aged below 45 years, and the causes are not yet precisely known.

While menopausal and post-menopausal women are at a higher risk of developing uterine cancer, it is crucial to understand that women who don’t belong to any of the risk groups may also be diagnosed with the disease due to other factors such as obesity or hormone therapy for breast cancer.

What are the most common symptoms of uterine cancer?
Abnormal vaginal bleeding, which means bleeding after menopause or between periods, is the most common symptom of uterine cancer. Typically, the bleeding begins as a form of watery blood-streaked discharge that becomes bloodier with the passage of time.

Other signs and symptoms of uterine cancer include:

  • Difficulty or painful sensation while passing urine
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Prolonged and heavy episodes of vaginal bleeding
  • Thin and white vaginal discharge
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Feeling heaviness in the pelvic area

According to experts, a woman who undergoes any of these signs and symptoms should not ignore the condition and seek medical attention immediately. But it is important to note that these symptoms can indicate something more serious or less severe. You should always check with your doctor to know what’s bothering your body.

The good news is that endometrial or uterine cancer is treatable and there are several options for treatment when the diagnosis is made at an early stage. Treatment methods involve radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy or surgical removal of the uterus depending on the particular scenario. To conclude, it can be said that being aware of the condition can help you in dealing with it. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3535 people found this helpful

Uterine Fibroids - How They Affect Your Fertility?

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fellowship In Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Uterine Fibroids - How They Affect Your Fertility?

Uterine fibroids are benign, muscular growths in the uterine wall which may grow within the wall of the uterus or may get attached to the wall. Uterine fibroids can be of many types depending on their location in the uterus – Subserosal fibroids are found on the outer surface of the uterus, just beneath the serosa which is the outer membrane lining the uterus; submuscosal fibroids are located inside the uterine cavity, beneath the endometrium; intramural fibroids are located inside the muscular wall of the uterus; and pedunculated fibroids grow on small stalks either inside the uterine cavity or on its outer surface.

Many women who have uterine fibroids do not show any symptoms and are often unaware of their existence till they have an ultrasound or medical check-up. But depending on the location and size of the fibroids, they can cause certain symptoms such as:

  1. Heavy bleeding during periods and pain
  2. Bleeding in between periods
  3. Frequent urination due to increased pressure on the bladder
  4. Constipation caused by pressure on the rectum
  5. Infertility or pregnancy complications
  6. Uterine fibroids and infertility

Depending on the location of the fibroid in the uterus and its size, uterine fibroids can negatively affect a woman’s fertility or lead to problems during pregnancy. More often, submucosal uterine fibroids, those that grow inside the uterine cavity and fibroids which are quite large in size (more than 5cm in diameter) cause infertility in women. This is because:

  1. Fibroids which are close to the cervix can block the entrance of or reduce the number of sperm that are able to enter the uterus
  2. Large fibroids which form near the opening of the fallopian tube in the uterus can block the fertilised egg from entering the uterus thus preventing implantation
  3. Submucosal fibroids which grow on the endometrium can reduce the total area available for the zygote to implant or reduce the space inside the uterine cavity thus interfering with normal development of the embryo.
  4. Multiple fibroid growths can deprive the endometrium of regular blood flow thus reducing the amount of estrogen received; this can lead to miscarriages in pregnancy as it compromises the structural integrity of the endometrium and as a result it cannot maintain its thickened state required for sustaining a pregnancy.

Most women with uterine fibroids do not experience problems with conceiving, however if you are experiencing fertility issues it is best to consult a doctor to determine if fibroids are causing the problem and pursuing their suggested course of action. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3490 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My mother is of age 51 years. She is having a tumour in her uterus. Since 5 months ,she is taking several medicines by consulting different doctors but the blood flow is not being reduced. Can it be cured with any other medicines? She has taken medicines like 'Endoreg'etc and now she is taking 'Deviry'

MBBS, DGO, Fellowship in Minimally Invasive Gynaecology and Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Noida
At 51 years, if the fibroid is causing heavy bleeding, and not responding to medical management, she should go for a hysterectomy.

Hi. I am 32 years female trying to conceive from last 4 years. Last year in dec 2018 I had miscarriage, it was my first pregnancy and no reasons were known. Its been 8 months now after miscarriage but I am not able to conceive. I have 27x21 mm anterior wall fibroid and one of my doctor asked to get it removed as this can be the reason for miscarriage or infertility. Do I need to get the fibroid removed? Is my fibroid the reason for miscarriage and infertility? Please note all my other reports are normal. Including my husbands sperm count.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
If fibroid is not pressing on lining- endometrium it is ok not to remove. Any couple desirous of pregnancy and not getting same naturally must meet Gynecologist or infertility specialist accepting facts that it needs many reports and different trials of treatment. Means couple must have patience and go to one in whom they have trust to stick for long time.
1 person found this helpful

I forgot to mention she is already had 2 c-sections for delivery is it ok to operate again. Does uterine fibroids cause cancer.

MBBS, D. G O., MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Delhi
Previous 2 caesarean is no contraindication for a repeat surgery. Indication and plan of repeat surgery should be very clear and all precautions to be taken.

I am 28 year old. Married in 2016. Now we planed for baby. But after trying for 2 months we found febmucus fibroid in uterus size of 23 mm .I am taking fibroprist 5 mg. From last 7 days. Now want to know when we should try for baby?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Any couple desirous of pregnancy and not getting same naturally must meet Gynecologist or infertility specialist accepting facts that it needs many reports and different trials of treatment. Means couple must have patience and go to one in whom they have trust to stick for long time.

Hi Sir my wife is 44 she has fibroids in her uterus. Please tell me what is safe treatment to remove these? Also tell me if these can be removed by medicines like ayurvedic homeopathic or allopathic.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics & Gynecology), (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Fibroids can not be cured by medicines. But they need not be removed too. They will need treatment only if they are causing problems like excessive bleeding, intolerable pain or too big that they cause pressure on surrounding organs. Let me know the size and location of the fibroids. 90% of the time, they don’t need any treatment. And once a woman reaches menopause, they shrink. So unless it is symptomatic, don’t worry about them.
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Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Management Of Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are frequently found incidentally during a routine pelvic exam. There's no single best approach to uterine fibroid treatment many treatment options exist. If you have symptoms, talk with your doctor about options for symptom relief.
Play video
Fibroids: Non-Cancerous Tumors Of The Uterus
Fibroids actually refer to abnormal growth that develops in a woman's uterus. In majority cases , tumors are non-cancerous. Treatment may be necessary in women whose fibroids are large or are causing significant symptoms.
Play video
Know More About Uterine Fibroids
I m Dr. Malvika Sabharwal, from Jeewan mala hospital and Apollo Spectra hospital, New Rohtak Road in Karol Bagh. In fact I ve been a laparoscopic surgeon since the year 92, I introduced it in the North of india. 2000, we had got recognition at this hospital for managing most of the gyne problem laparoscopically.

Today I will tell you about fibroid uterus. It s a very very common problem, seen almost in 25% of cases and at all ages, at any age and It causes various problems. In case agar ye bleeding cause kar ra hai, to bleeding k sath to mareez fatafat aatay hain k han g hamay bleeding ho rai hai, un ka diagnosis b ho jata hai. Kabi kabi wo infertility cause karta hai, infertility ka matlab k pregnancy nai ho rai hai. In such cases, agar pregnancy nai ho rai hai to b mareez aa jaat hain sooner or later. Par kai fibroids aise hain jo k hotay hain even after having couple of children. 2, 3 bachay ho gae phr b wo fibroids hai.

Ab basically fibroids hotay ki hai, ye normal uterus hai, 2 tubes hain 2 ovaries hain, ye muscle wall jo hai agar is me se ek bhi fibre barh jata hai, ye fibroid cause karta hai aur fibroids jo hain wo is tarha k tumors hain uterus k andar. Agar ye uterus me fibroid andar ki taraf jhukav de ga, agar 2cm ka b hai, wo bleeding cause karay ga aur us k liye aap fatafat doctor k paas pohnchen gey aur us ka samadhan ho jae ga. Agar fibroid boht barha hai, wo upper ki taraf jae ga aur us ka pata b nai chalay ga aapko. Kabi kabi kuch pata b nai chalta, kabi kabi us se aata hai patient k g hamy urine nai ho paa ra, hum peshaab nai kar pa rae aur ye hamay boht tang kar ra hai, tou tab diagnose hota hai. Any which ways, hamaray paas 2 hi options hain, ya tou uterus ka nikaalna ya fibroid ka nikalna.

Agar hamay uterus ka kaam lena hai, patient young hai, aagay bachay paeda karne hain tou definiteky fibroid ko nikalna hi better hai par agar family complete hai, agar us ko bachay aur nahi chahye aur us ki umer b towards the maybe 40 years or above hai or even otherwise agar boht zaada takleef ho rai hai, many options are there par durbeen se hum fibroid b nikalte hain aur uterus b nikalte hain. Agar fibroid nikala jae tou sirf fibroid ko nikaal kar k hum bolte hain ab aap pregnancy shuru kar sakte hain. Once fibroids are removed laparoscopically ya ek aur tareeka hota hai hysteroscopically, uterus ko andar se ja kar k hum dekhte hain, muaaena karte hain aur jahan fibroid hota hai us ko nikaal letay hain. It s a non-touch technique hysteroscopy wala.

Laparoscopic jo karte hain, us me 2, 3 holes bante hain pait k andar aur us kop hr morselate kar k tareekay se nikaala jata hai. Ye morselation b boht zaada ajkal controversy me b aaya , is k baaray me tarah tarah k hare k forum me discussions hue k karna chahye ya nai karna chahye aur ye jo fibroid ko nikalne ka tareeka morselation ka hai, aaj kal in-bag b hai matlb aap bag k andar fibroid ko daalo aur us ko nikalo. Is se wo cheez jo hai wo phailti nai hai aur boht araam se wo aap k nikal aati hai. Ye ek din ka stay rehta hai hospital me fibroid nikalne k liye. Laparoscopic fibroid removal me patient is there in the hospital just for one day. Us k baad you re back to normal and aap ko koi rok thaam nai hai, serhiyon pe jaana utarna, aap ko koi jhukna, travel karna.

Log Hindustan k bahr se b aatay hain is ko remove karwanay k liye. So, this is one thing which is available in our hospital and we ve been doing it since 92. 2000, we have already got to recognized training center for fibroid removal. Now there are situations jahan pe fibroids nahi nikal paatay, tou us me b koi aisi baat nai hai, it s not k it s the end, like k agar tubes k boht paas ho, agar boht zaada paas hai tou kabi kabi situationally aap nai nikaal paatay but that is something jo k aap ko us k liye koi aisi wo baat nai hai as long as the tubes are patent, matlb aap tube ko test karte ho aur pregnancy amooman hojati hai. Fibroid removal k baad sab ka question hota hai hum kab shuru Karen pregnancy? 3 maheenay is the ultimate time jo l hum log detay hain k us k baad hum kehte hain aap zarur us ko shuru karlo and jo ye fibroid ki problems hain this is something which is so common. I feel that we should look into it, regular checkup is the only answer at every age. Har ek umer ki larki ko apna every year checkup kara lena boht zarurui hai.
Play video
Know More About Uterus Removal
I am Dr. Malvika Sabharwal from jeevan mala hospital and apolo spectral hospital in Karol Bagh, New Delhi India.

I am gonna tell you about uterus removal. Uterus removal is a very common operation. Bht commonly isko kara jata hai k patient ata hai apko bolta hai k ji hamary ko flah flah flah problem hai or ap hamara uterus nikal dijiye. Sb sy phly to main apko btaungi kya indications hain. Chahye wo fibroid k hn, ya bleeding zyada ho rai ho. Koi fibroid nai hai per bleeding bht zyada ho rai hai ya koi changes a rhy hain. Jaisa k agr mouth of the uterus main agr koi peps pal krty hain routinely jo k karna chahye, her ek marez k liye. Ap regular apasnaol kar ry hain us main koi changes any lag jaty hain ya aisi koi bhi problem ho to patient ata hai or wo bara clear mind sy kehta hai k ji mje uterus remove krwana hai. Kbhi kbhi wo refered cases hoty hain. Ya marez ko kahein kaha jata hai or hamary pas aty hain. Q k hamary pas jo uterus removal ka tareka hai wo hai durbeen sy or ek pait khol k. pait khol kr jo karty hain, ek bara 8 centimeter, 8 inches k kareeb ek insection hota hai pait k upper or us k through hm uterus ko, us ko pakar k baher nikal k us ki puri surgery kr k as pas disconnect kr k us ko nikal dety hain. Or abdomen ko stitch kr dety hain. Laparoscopic surgery jb sy hm ny shuru kari hai. Year was 92. I think ye sb sy bara bone hai. Doctor k lye bhi, patient k lye bhi. Ek to patient friendly surgery hai. Or doctor k liye offcourse, doctor ko sekhny main thora samain zaror lgta hai,but once you have commanded the technique of Laparoscopic surgery, it is the best. It is the best for the patient and for you it s a very affective way of taking out the uterus without any problems. Ap us ko Laparoscopicly nikalty ho or Laparoscopicly jb nikalty ho 1 din ka stay rehta hai hospital main. 1 din main mareez back to normal work hota hai. Wo ghr ja kr k, serhioyon sy charhta hai. Serhiyon par jaye, upper rahy, ghar k khanay bnaye, baheer ghumny jaye, hr roz piture dekhy, us py koi issue nai hai. Bht minimal unko btaya jata hai do s and don t s. unka upper charhny main koi problem nai ati. Sirf halki phulki jo problem, sirf 2 chezain ki hm log btaty hain which Is hardly any issue. So patient is back to normal routine. Ap apny ffice dubara ja skty hain itni jaldi. Loss of working days is very less. To loss of working days jaisy e kam oty hain, aj kal apko pta hi hai, mostly ladies are working, most of the women are working today. Chahy wo ghr py, ghr ka bhi kam itna hota hai. Bachon k aj kal kitny kam hoty hain, us k ilawa office girls bht hoti hain. Jo k office ko bhi sambhalti hain or ghr ko bhi sambalti hain. Let me tell you hamary bht patients hain un ko kbhi ye problem nai I k hum uterus nikalny k bad hm ghr ka kam nai kar paye. Ya office ka kam nai kar paye. Hamary pas doctors aty hain. Dur dur sy aty hain, in fact patients are coming from dubai, London, America, Canada all over. Wo aty hain apna operation krwaty hain or 2 din k bad they are ready to go home. Because this surgery has really picked up so much k jb o dekhty hain k kitny aram sy ye kam ota hai to unko aisa koi hesitancy nai lagti. Un k roz mara ki zindagi main koi change nai ata. Unko minimalistic thory sy do s and don ts hoty hain which is hardly anything. And aam tor per jb hum uterus nikalty hain, jaisa k main apko dekhati hn. This is one uterus. Two tubes and two ovaries. Aj agr main uterus nikal rai hn, lady ka age hai 45, I will tell her definetly ovary tubes to ap nikal hi lijye. Ovaries jo hain, wo apko hormones deti hain. Hormones ek lady ko femerity bna k rakhti hai. Femariti sy ye bhi matlab hai, tubes ka koi aisa role nai hai per ovaries apko hormones dy k, hormones k karan apka skin, hair, heart, sb k upper us ka zor hai. So ovaries ko hum bina puchy bilkul nai nikalty. Us k lye permission lety hain tabhi nikali jati hai. Per agr uterus nikal ry hain to aam tor per hum tubes ko bhi nikal dety hain.

Thank you very much.
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