PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a condition caused to women which affect the hormonal level in the body. In this syndrome, ovary gets filled with the male hormones and produces it more than normal in her body. It causes skipping in the menstrual periods, which makes hard for them to get pregnant. PCOS also causes the growth of facial hair and baldness.
If it is a long term disease then it also contributes to heart disease and diabetes. PCOS affects women ageing between 15-44. Mainly, It is known to affect the ovaries and reproductive organs which produce hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help in the menstrual cycle.
The common symptoms of PCOS is as follows:
The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown, but it is said that it happens due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
There is no specific test that can diagnose PCOS. Therefore, doctors have to talk about the medical history of the person regarding their menstrual cycle and weight changes. There will be a physical exam which will check excessive hair growth, acne, insulin resistance. After all this the doctor may recommend these tests:
When you are having an irregular menstrual cycle or no menstruation, abnormal hair growth, having difficulty in getting pregnant, or any other symptom then you should go and seek medical care.
PCOS is a health-related problem which needs to be treated on time and if not then it can become a serious problem. It can even cause health diseases like diabetes, cancer, heart diseases. The women who suffer from PCOS have growth of small cyst on the ovary. The cysts are not harmful but they can develop severe health problems.
There are two types of PCOS surgery:
Treatment of PCOS depends on the symptoms and personal choices of pregnancy. Medical treatment of PCOS aims at the treatment of metabolic derangements, anovulation, hirsutism, and menstrual irregularity.
A number of lab tests may be prescribed which include pelvic exam, ultrasound, blood sugar and androgen level tests. A sonogram may also be done by the patients to evaluate the ovaries. If polycystic ovarian syndrome is diagnosed, then the doctor might recommend additional tests which include periodic checks of blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels, screening for depression and anxiety and obstructive sleep apnoea.
Hormonal birth control (most often birth control pills) is the standard treatment. Doctors recommend regular exercises, a healthy diet, weight control, to improve health conditions. To regulate the menstrual cycle, birth control pills are prescribed. Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if the condition of the patient does not improve the other treatments. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation. A combination of surgery and metformin or letrozole can be used as a second-line treatment in infertile women. Besides these, regular exercise, proper diet and sufficient sleep are prescribed by the doctor accordingly.
Maintaining body weight which helps in reducing the level of insulin and androgen hormones in the body which can resolve the problem of ovulation. Limiting carbohydrates in the diet which might increase the level of insulin. Keeping yourself active and doing exercise reduces the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Drugs which are usually used to treat PCOS have a very low risk of severe adverse effects. But, there is an increased risk of multiple pregnancies (rarely more than twins) with these treatments. Metformin, a common drug that is used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome can also lower insulin and blood sugar levels in women. Possible side effects of metformin include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhoea and loss of appetite. Another medication called gonadotrophins also provide a higher risk that they may overstimulate the ovaries and lead to multiple pregnancies. Apart from this, patients seldom face any adverse effect on the treatment of PCOS.
The overall treatment of Polycystic ovarian syndrome does not require great expenditure. However, constant check-ups and tests may sum the amount to around Rs 6000 approximately.
Treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome does not include complete cure. The symptoms can be managed and brought under control post medicinal therapy. The medicines help to get periods on time and also check the insulin level. Also, exercises, which is the most vital therapy, help to cut down the extra weight one puts on due to polycystic ovaries.
This common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age can be managed alternatively by ayurvedic or homoeopathic treatment. Treatment of PCOS in Ayurveda includes panchakarma and internal medication. Panchakarma procedures like udvartana, vamana, virechana and basti help to reduce body weight, remove toxins, decrease insulin resistance and regulate normal hormone secretion. Internal medications are used to destroy the cyst, stimulate ovulation, induce menstruation, regulate flow during menstruation etc. Homoeopathic Treatment for PCOS includes medicines are mostly without any side effects and can help reduce the symptoms when consumed for a long time. Alongside, home remedies can help the person ease out. Use of hot water compression can lower pain. Vitamin D, apple acid vinegar, coconut oil, castor oil etc can be used to reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome.