PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a condition caused to women which affect the hormonal level in the body. In this syndrome, ovary gets filled with the male hormones and produces it more than normal in her body. It causes skipping in the menstrual periods, which makes hard for them to get pregnant. PCOS also causes the growth of facial hair and baldness.
If it is a long term disease then it also contributes to heart disease and diabetes. PCOS affects women ageing between 15-44. Mainly, It is known to affect the ovaries and reproductive organs which produce hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help in the menstrual cycle.
Most women have an unpleasant dull or throbbing ache in their lower abdomen, directly above the pelvic bone during their periods. They may face problems like nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, bloating, and exhaustion along with period discomfort.
Period discomfort might begin a few days before your period, but it usually begins when your period begins. It normally lasts two to four days, but it can last up to a week in certain situations. There are two types of period pain: spasmodic and congestive.
You may feel cramps and stabbing feelings in spasmodic pain. Congestive period pain causes constant aching. Period pain can fluctuate from month to month, and you may experience little to no difficulty in the first month and then experience severe pain in the next months.
Summary: PCOS is a hormonal disorder that does not result in pelvic pain. You might feel abdominal pain during your periods.
The common symptoms of PCOS is as follows:
The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown, but it is said that it happens due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
There is no specific test that can diagnose PCOS. Therefore, doctors have to talk about the medical history of the person regarding their menstrual cycle and weight changes. There will be a physical exam which will check excessive hair growth, acne, insulin resistance. After all this the doctor may recommend these tests:
When you are having an irregular menstrual cycle or no menstruation, abnormal hair growth, having difficulty in getting pregnant, or any other symptom then you should go and seek medical care.
PCOS can not go away on its own. Women with PCOS frequently have high amounts of androgens, as well as insulin resistance, even after menopause. This implies that the health concerns linked to PCOS are permanent. The long-term repercussions of these ailments are diabetes, obesity, and cancer.
Summary: PCOS has no treatment, although the symptoms can be managed.
PCOS is a health-related problem which needs to be treated on time and if not then it can become a serious problem. It can even cause health diseases like diabetes, cancer, heart diseases. The women who suffer from PCOS have growth of small cyst on the ovary. The cysts are not harmful but they can develop severe health problems.
There are two types of PCOS surgery:
Treatment of PCOS depends on the symptoms and personal choices of pregnancy. Medical treatment of PCOS aims at the treatment of metabolic derangements, anovulation, hirsutism, and menstrual irregularity.
A number of lab tests may be prescribed which include pelvic exam, ultrasound, blood sugar and androgen level tests. A sonogram may also be done by the patients to evaluate the ovaries. If polycystic ovarian syndrome is diagnosed, then the doctor might recommend additional tests which include periodic checks of blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels, screening for depression and anxiety and obstructive sleep apnoea.
Hormonal birth control (most often birth control pills) is the standard treatment. Doctors recommend regular exercises, a healthy diet, weight control, to improve health conditions. To regulate the menstrual cycle, birth control pills are prescribed. Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if the condition of the patient does not improve the other treatments. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation. A combination of surgery and metformin or letrozole can be used as a second-line treatment in infertile women. Besides these, regular exercise, proper diet and sufficient sleep are prescribed by the doctor accordingly.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of PCOD, it is recommended for you to consult an Ayurveda practitioner about pcod ayurvedic treatment. This ensures that proper diagnosis is undertaken so that you can start treating the condition as early as possible.
Consult your doctor for post-care treatment guidelines. Along with this, try to:
Summary: Maintaining good hygiene and taking a healthy diet can aid in the faster recovery of PCOS.
Maintaining body weight which helps in reducing the level of insulin and androgen hormones in the body which can resolve the problem of ovulation. Limiting carbohydrates in the diet which might increase the level of insulin. Keeping yourself active and doing exercise reduces the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Drugs which are usually used to treat PCOS have a very low risk of severe adverse effects. But, there is an increased risk of multiple pregnancies (rarely more than twins) with these treatments. Metformin, a common drug that is used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome can also lower insulin and blood sugar levels in women. Possible side effects of metformin include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhoea and loss of appetite. Another medication called gonadotrophins also provide a higher risk that they may overstimulate the ovaries and lead to multiple pregnancies. Apart from this, patients seldom face any adverse effect on the treatment of PCOS.
If PCOS is left untreated it can lead to a variety of more serious consequences. Type 2 diabetes, infertility, sleep apnea (sleep breathing disturbances), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease, depression, and potentially uterine cancer are all linked concerns.
In all circumstances, it is very important to get PCOS identified and managed by a healthcare specialist as soon as possible.
Summary: PCOS can become a major problem like cancer, acne scars, and heart disease if left untreated.
The overall treatment of Polycystic ovarian syndrome does not require great expenditure. However, constant check-ups and tests may sum the amount to around Rs 6000 approximately.
PCOS may take 3 to 6 months to recover from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and to normalize the menstrual flow. You can go for a healthy and balanced PCOS diet for faster recovery.
Summary: PCOS may be cured in a month or two if you go for a proper course of treatment.
Treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome does not include complete cure. The symptoms can be managed and brought under control post medicinal therapy. The medicines help to get periods on time and also check the insulin level. Also, exercises, which is the most vital therapy, help to cut down the extra weight one puts on due to polycystic ovaries.
People's diet has a substantial impact on PCOS. However, there is no specific diet for PCOS at the moment.
The following are the food items that helps to relieve PCOS symptoms:
A healthy PCOS diet can include the following:
Summary: Whole grains, fresh fruit, and plant-based proteins should be prioritized in a PCOS diet, whereas sugar, processed foods, and trans fat should be avoided. You may need to take supplements depending on your overall health needs.
People with PCOS should avoid these food items:
Summary: Insulin resistance and weight loss, can be made more difficult by eating a diet high in refined carbohydrates, such as starchy and sugary meals.
If you get consistent periods, the uterine lining can thicken or overgrow, leading to endometrial cancer later on. Regular periods aid in the ""thinning out"" of the lining.
It is important to get those male hormone-related symptoms under control because they can have a negative impact on your quality of life, even if they're only aesthetic.
PCOS can make it difficult to conceive, therefore doctors prescribe fertility drugs to help.
Summary: If you're in good health and don't have any chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, then seeing a primary care physician, or PCP, once a year is sufficient. However, because of the developing issues from PCOS, it is important to go to your PCP for a physical once a year.
Summary: Moderate physical activity can help to relieve the symptoms of PCOS. It also helps to improve insulin sensitivity and reduces the risk of heart disease.
This common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age can be managed alternatively by ayurvedic or homoeopathic treatment. Treatment of PCOS in Ayurveda includes panchakarma and internal medication. Panchakarma procedures like udvartana, vamana, virechana and basti help to reduce body weight, remove toxins, decrease insulin resistance and regulate normal hormone secretion. Internal medications are used to destroy the cyst, stimulate ovulation, induce menstruation, regulate flow during menstruation etc. Homoeopathic Treatment for PCOS includes medicines are mostly without any side effects and can help reduce the symptoms when consumed for a long time. Alongside, home remedies can help the person ease out. Use of hot water compression can lower pain. Vitamin D, apple acid vinegar, coconut oil, castor oil etc can be used to reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Medicines that could help to control the menstrual cycle are:
You may consider the following to help to ovulate:
You can go for the following medicines to prevent excessive hair growth:
Summary: Metformin (off-label use), spironolactone, eflornithine (topical cream to treat hirsutism), and oral contraceptives are some of the drugs used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Conclusion: PCOS is a hormonal disorder characterized by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is linked to issues like irregular menstrual periods, excessive face and body hair development, acne, obesity, decreased fertility, and a higher risk of diabetes. A medical history, physical, blood tests, and an ultrasound can all be used to diagnose PCOS. It can be treated if we follow a healthy lifestyle, take a balanced diet, and maintain a healthy weight.