Doctor in Nulife Hospital
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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Things you need to know about the mtp act
In 1971, the increasing cases of maternal morbidity due to unsafe abortions, and the idea that abortions could be used as a method of population control motivated the government to enact the medical termination of pregnancy act. But what does the law really say? to what extent is abortion a reproductive right in india?
Here are the facts you need to know about the indian law on abortion:
1. Access to abortions is legal in india
medical termination of pregnancy has been legal in india under certain conditions since the passage of the act in 1971. India became one of the first few countries to actually legalise abortions beyond just life-threatening situations. Pretty cool, right?
However, a survey conducted in 2007 by the ministry of health and family welfare suggests that only 22.9% of men, and 28% of women were aware that medical abortions are possible and available! a large number of people still remain unaware that by law, they have the right to access abortions.
2. Although abortions are legal, there are certain conditions to be kept in mind…
While abortions are legal in india, the law as it stands today does not allow termination of pregnancy on the request of a woman. In india, abortions are legal up to 12 weeks with approval from one service provider and beyond 12 weeks to 20 weeks requires the approval of two service providers.
There are some other conditions listed in the act: you can get an abortion if the service provider is able to assess that there is a risk to the woman’s life, a threat to a women's physical and mental health (including contraceptive failure for married women), or risks the child if born to be “seriously handicapped”. Frankly, the conditions are pretty inclusive and whatever the situation, the service provider is your friend.
3. Medical abortions and surgical abortions? yes, there are two types!
Medical abortion is a common terminology for abortions induced by the use of pills. An abortion within the first 10 weeks of pregnancy in india can be legally performed using a combination of 2 pills. These pills are available in a combi-pack and are to be taken in the span of 3 days. Medical abortion is completely safe, non-invasive, non-surgical and - as you may have already guessed - a much preferred method of seeking abortion for majority women. These pills should be prescribed to you by a medical practitioner or an obgyn licensed to perform abortions as per the mtp act. Therefore, be quick and consult your ob-gyn! do not do the mistake of consuming these pills yourself as they can give rise to complications which may sometimes be really serious.
A surgical abortion on the other hand ends a pregnancy by removing the foetus and placenta from the uterus using either electric or manual vacuum aspiration. Although these terms sound very technical, advancements in technology have made these procedures completely safe! your doctor is your best guide so do consult them. Just make sure you get quality service in a safe environment from a trained doctor. 3 magic words - quality, safe and trained.
4. You don’t need parental or spousal consent if you’re an adult.
At times like these, you can thank the universe for being an adult! as an adult person and when it comes to seeking safe abortion access in india, you do not need anyone else’s permission. The act recognises the personhood of a woman and respects the rights of an adult person in india by maintaining confidentiality.
5. The mtp act is separate from the law on gender biased sex selection.
And there are 2 separate laws for these 2 unrelated issues! makes sense yet?
Safe abortion access is an issue of reproductive and sexual rights where a woman makes choices and decisions regarding her body and life. On the other hand, gender biased sex selection is an issue of deep rooted gender based discrimination against women and girls in the patriarchal indian society which needs to be targeted at it’s root. The first is regulated by the medical termination of pregnancy act, 1991 and the second by the pcpndt act, 1994.
We are not making this up! if you read the 2 laws, then you will find that mtp act has no mention of gender biased sex selection and pcpndt does not mention access to safe abortion anywhere. See?
Now that we understand that the two are separate from one another, let’s become advocates and stop this overlapping of the 2 issues and stigmatising safe abortion access. Because if we don’t then women may end up losing their lives for nothing.
Have a look at this document by the national health mission highlights areas of possible conflation between the two acts. It gives guidelines to stakeholders so that the pcpndt act and messaging against sex-selective abortion do not hinder access.
6. The law and how it relates to single unmarried women
The conditions mentioned in the mtp act also covers single unmarried adult women. Except for one clause reserved for married women which is abortion because of contraceptive failure. For all other reasons listed above, single women can access abortions. It is mostly because of the stigma associated with being a single woman that some service providers stigmatise abortions being sought by them, leading women to feeling humiliated or deterring them from accessing safe abortion services.
Anti-contraception medication pills and patches, when utilised accurately, are extremely useful in averting pregnancy. They are all right for most healthy women and can even be utilised to treat a couple of medical issues. In any case, as with all medications, there are have some potential undesirable reactions and dangers.
The side effects include:
- Reproductive System: When utilising hormonal contraceptives, a few women encounter lighter and shorter periods along with menstrual cramps and premenstrual symptoms. Utilisation of hormone-based contraceptives decreases the danger of endometrial and ovarian cancer. The longer a woman takes contraceptive measures, the more increased these symptoms get to be. These treatments may likewise lead to cancerous breast or ovarian growths.
- Cardiovascular and Central Nervous Systems: For a few ladies, conception prevention pills and patches can build circulatory strain. Those additional hormones can likewise make it somewhat more likely that you will face blood clots. That risk is significantly higher in case you are a smoker or are over the age of thirty-five. The danger of blood clots is likewise increased in case that you have hypertension, previous coronary diseases or diabetes. Oestrogen may cause headaches. A few women encounter emotional changes when taking these contraceptives.
- Digestive system: A few women encounter changes in their desires and weight while taking hormonal contraception. Opposite reactions include nausea and bloating. There is an expanded danger of liver cancer In case that you have a past filled with gallstones, these contraceptives may lead to the speedier growth of those stones. See your doctor in case that you have serious pain or yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice).
- Integumentary System (Skin, Hair, Nails): For some women, this technique for contraception can enhance skin breakout or acne. Others may encounter skin inflammation or notice no change by any means. It might cause pigmentation of the skin. Once in a while, these hormones cause abnormal hair growth. Nonetheless, oral contraceptives are likewise, the main cause behind hirsutism, a condition that causes coarse, dull hair to develop on the face, back, and stomach.
When you quit taking hormone-based anti-conception medications or patches, your menstrual period will probably be misbalanced. However, a portion of the cancer avoidance benefits gathered from years of medicine use may continue over the long term. These symptoms are unexpected in most women yet are intense when they do occur. That is the reason hormonal contraception techniques require a medicine and routine checking. There is an increased danger of heart attacks and strokes, especially in smokers and women over the age of thirty-five.
Look for a doctor in case you feel abdominal pain, cough up blood, or feel swoon. A serious migraine or trouble talking could also be serious indications of a stroke.Side effects of different contraceptive methods.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Regular meditation enables us to lead a healthy and happy life.
1. It is a path of self-discipline wherein one learns to practice self-control, detachment from worldly things, concentration to achieve self-realisation.
2. Regular practice of meditation naturally brings about a healthy lifestyle, as a pure way of life, with moderation in diet, and good habits that contribute to physical and mental well-being.
3. Realisation that mere possession of material beings does not bring about happiness: not accumulating also means not holding onto other people. When we let go of something or someone, we set ourselves free from dependence or attachment. This helps one to remain light and capable of handling so called unbelievably difficult situations.
4. Most of the rewards stem from the change in thinking, attitudes and emotions
5. Meditation has been clinically proven to relieve chronic pain, reduce stress, slow ageing, lower blood pressure, improve heart and lung function, reduce depression, and improve sleep.
5. It has been found to increase one’s focus and attention, improve the ability to multitask, and enhance memory, all of which boosts productivity.
1. You felt a lump in your breast and it always means you have breast cancer.
It's a small percentage of breast lumps only that will turn out to be cancer. If you discover a persistent lump in your breast or notice any changes in breast tissue, never ignore it. You must see a physician for a clinical breast examination. He or she may possibly order breast imaging studies to determine if this lump is of concern or not.
Take charge of your health by performing routine breast self-exams, establishing ongoing communication and counseling with your doctor, getting an annual clinical breast exam, and scheduling your routine screening mammograms.
2. Only women get breast cancer, men do not.
Quite the contrary, each year it is estimated that approximately 2,190 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and 410 will die. While this percentage is still small, men should also check themselves periodically by doing a breast self-exam while in the shower and reporting any changes to their physicians.
Breast cancer in men is usually detected as a hard lump underneath the nipple and areola. Men carry a higher mortality than women do, primarily because awareness among men is less and they are less likely to assume a lump is breast cancer, which can cause a delay in seeking treatment.