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Overview

Tubectomy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Tubal or Female Sterilization

How is the treatment done?

Tubectomy or Tubal Sterilization, is a major surgical procedure that refers to blocking of the female fallopian tubes, preventing the eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation. The tubes, roughly 10 cm long are attached to either side of the uterus. During the surgery the tubes are cut open, tied or clipped at a particular point. It is a permanent process of birth control and sterilization. Women willing to avoid pregnancy or consecutive child birth are likely to go for this treatment.

There are quite a few methods for this treatment as follows: Bipolar Coagulation- this procedure uses electric current to sear the parts of the fallopian tubes; Monopolar Coagulation- this procedure sears the tubes together by using electric current, but allows further damage to the tubes through radiating currents; Tubal Clip- this refers to the permanent clipping of the fallopian tubes. Once tied together, the clip restricts the movement of eggs to the uterus from the ovary; Tubal Ring- through this procedure, a silastic band is tied to the tube; Fimbriectomy- with this process, a section of the fallopian tube is disconnected from the ovary which reduces its capability of capturing the eggs and transferring them to the uterus.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Tubectomy can be done at any point of time, although mostly women who don’t intend to conceive are seen to be undergoing this treatment. Unlike implants and Intrauterine Device (IUDs) which are long term treatment options, this particular female sterilization is considered a permanent and most effective treatment of birth controlling. Before undergoing treatment, the patient is usually recommended a number of tests and x-rays after a thorough examination of medical history to make sure there are no threats or complications. The steps of the procedure involve cutting the abdomen followed by insertion of the fallopian tubes, after which the tubes are cauterized using small clips. Certain instructions are needed to be followed: drinking lots of liquids before the surgery to keep your intestines clean; avoid eating or drinking after midnight before the surgery.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Women looking for a permanent solution to controlling childbirth and pregnancy are most eligible for this treatment. Prior to the treatment, certain tests are carried out in order to make sure the patient has no history of abdominal surgery or other medical complications.

Are there any side effects?

Tubectomy is not a safe option for people who have a medical history of abdominal surgeries, heart ailments and lung problems, or show traces of complication due to anaesthesia. In certain cases, people may consult the doctor and opt for an alternative treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Tubectomy is not a safe option for people who have a medical history of abdominal surgeries, heart ailments and lung problems, or show traces of complication due to anaesthesia. In certain cases, people may consult the doctor and opt for an alternative treatment.

Tubectomy results in quite a few side effects as follows: Allergic to certain anaesthetic drugs- The process to tubectomy exposes you to use of certain drugs that have anaesthetic properties, which may result in allergy or other reactions; Bleeding- Accidental punctures during the treatment often result in excessive bleeding. It is important to pay attention to the perforated area after the operation; Infection and abdominal pain- Post tubectomy the patient may experience pain in the abdomen, usually caused by an infection; Ectopic pregnancy- Although chances of getting pregnant are almost nil after tubectomy, a case of ectopic pregnancy cannot be ruled out completely. In certain cases, ectopic pregnancy becomes a life threatening condition, if not detected on time.

How long does it take to recover?

There are a few precautionary guidelines after tubectomy that need to be kept in mind:

The patient is recommended to visit the doctor for a thorough checkup after the operation. The patient must remember to carry on with prescribed medication and antibiotics in order to avoid infection and further complications. In case of high temperature, pain in the abdomen, bleeding from the cut, or any such instance, one should immediately consult the doctor. The patient is advised to refrain from sexual intercourse for at least a week after undergoing the surgery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The time taken to recover after a tubectomy treatment usually involves a few weeks depending on the condition and medical history of the patient. If necessary precautions are taken, then the patient is likely to get back to leading a normal life soon after the operation.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The estimated cost of performing Tubectomy at any specialized hospital varies roughly between Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 40,000. Prior to the operation, medical tests are carried out since the surgery is a permanent one

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Tubectomy is a permanent treatment wherein the fallopian tubes are cauterized together in order to block the eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation. However, in cases where a patient asks for a reversal, microsurgery and laparoscopic methods are used that show higher chances of successful reversals.

Safety: Treatment Effectiveness: Very High Timeliness: Low Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 20,000- Rs. 40,000

Popular Health Tips

Tubectomy - Understanding the Procedure And Risks

Tubectomy - Understanding the Procedure And Risks
Also known as tubal sterilization, tubectomy is a permanent method of contraception in women. It is a surgical procedure in which a portion of the fallopian tube is blocked to prevent the egg that is released from the ovaries, from reaching the ut...
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Popular Questions & Answers

I had my 2nd c section and also tubectomy one month ago but I want one more baby so when I can reverse my tubectomy. Please tell me.

Yes can be reversed but successful only in some percent. Same way other treatment available is of test tube baby (IVF) again success only in certain percent.

I was undergone a c-section 4 months ago. I need to go for a tubectomy is it possible at this time? Will tubectomy affect my section stitches?

You can go for laparoscopic tubal ligation on 7th day after you get periods. It won't harm cs stitches.
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Hi I am planning to do tubectomy .but my last period was 20 days before. As me and my husband contacted only twice in these days. Is it safe to do tubectomy now.

Better to get done immediately after next Menstrual period but if you have to get it done now, rule out pregnancy by blood test- Serum HCG- Beta.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
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