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Pcos - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition that happens to women. These women develop cysts on the ovary. These cysts are harmless yet they can cause hormone imbalance. Hormone imbalance leads to many other symptoms like irregular periods, acne, and extra hair growth on the body. In extreme cases, PCOS can cause insulin deficiency and lead to diabetes. It can also cause heart problems.

Small pearl like cysts are found in the ovaries of women who have PCOS. These cysts contain fluids and immature eggs. The presence of cysts in the ovary can hamper the production of hormones in the body. One hormone acts as a signal for production of another hormone. When one hormone is not produced it leads to a series of events. In women with PCOS, there is an excess production of male hormone androgen which is usually produced in minute quantities. This excess production leads to an excess of hair on the body.

Infertility in women is caused due to PCOS. Many a time PCOS are genetically inherited from either the mother or father side. PCOS also causes insulin resistance, women with PCOS have a high chance of developing diabetes due to the insulin resistance. Other complications that women develop due to PCOS include sleep apnea, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer.

Once a woman goes to a gynaecologist for the treatment of PCOS, she is thoroughly examined and checked for medical history. The gynaecologist will check for details of menstrual cycles and symptoms of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, hormone levels and examination of the pelvis to check for cysts in the ovaries with the help of an ultrasound.

After a thorough diagnosis of the condition, treatment begins. Treatment includes checking the age, symptoms and pregnancy plans of the patient. Treatment for PCOS includes birth control pills that will regulate the periods, ovulation induction, androgen blocking medications, topical anti-hair growth and excess hair growth treatments, treatment for skin problems. Ovulation induction is done to treat infertility and enable the patient to conceive.

The first and main step towards the treatment of PCOS is in reducing weight. A healthy weight is required to bring the hormones into the body to control. Eating a proper nutritious diet will enable one to bring weight in control. Besides a healthy diet, a person should focus on moderate exercise that will enable one to maintain the healthy weight.

Dealing with PCOS is stressful and time-consuming. Many women may need to visit a counsellor to keep depression away.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Acne Excess hair growth Menstrual abnormalities Weight gain

Popular Health Tips

Irregular Periods - When To See A Gynaecologist?

Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Irregular Periods - When To See A Gynaecologist?
Missing out on your periods or irregular periods once in a while is common. However, the problem arises when irregular periods become every month s story. The irregularity can be an amalgamation of a host of factors. Ignoring the same for long will only complicate things further. For women of reproductive age, the problem can give rise to deleterious consequences, including difficulties in conceiving. In this article, we will discuss some of the common triggers that result in irregular periods and when to seek medical help. What causes Irregular Periods? The hormonal balance plays a significant role in the proper functioning of the vital organs of the body. More than often, irregular periods are found to be a manifestation of hormonal imbalance. Some of the conditions that trigger the hormonal imbalance include PCO is a common medical condition that affects women of reproductive age. PCOS is characterized by the formation of cysts in the ovary (one or both) that affects the ovulation process. In PCOS, there is an increased production of Androgen, especially Testosterone that can cause irregular periods, hair fall, facial hair, weight gain etc. Time and again doctors and health professionals emphasize the importance of leading a stress-free life. Research suggests stress and anxiety often interfere with the functioning of the Hypothalamus. As a result, the pituitary glands that control and regulate the activities of the ovaries, adrenal glands, and thyroid glands may be affected. These can also trigger a hormonal imbalance giving rise to menstrual problems such as Irregular periods. In case of extreme stress, there may be a short-term cessation of periods (Secondary Amenorrhea). The hormonal imbalance and irregular periods can also be an outcome of other medical conditions such as endometriosis, a cancer affecting the reproductive organs, fibroids, obesity, diabetes, hyperprolactinemia (characterized by elevated level of prolactin) or even thyroid disorders. Women who indulge in strict dieting can also suffer from irregular periods. Strict dieting (especially the ones that are without a proper nutritional guidance) can rob the body of the essential nutrients disrupting the hormonal balance. Irregular periods are normal in women who are nearing their menopause. When to seek medical assistance? Irregular periods can be indicative of a severe health problem. Consult a gynecologist If your regular cycles get delayed by more than 7 days. There is spotting or bleeding in between the periods. Your periods last for more than ten days or less than two days. There is excruciating pain during periods. The gap between two successive menstrual cycles is more than 35 days or less than 21 days. Your periods are heavy and unmanageable, affecting your daily routine.
4200 people found this helpful

Can Physiotherapy Help Balancing Hormone?

Dr. Aparna Pradhan 87% (88 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Pune
Can Physiotherapy Help Balancing Hormone?
Hormones such as oestrogen, testosterone, adrenaline and insulin are extremely important chemical messengers. The entire endocrine system works together to control the level of hormones circulating throughout body is slightly imbalanced it can cause widespread, major health problems. Some specific problems associated with some of the most common hormonal imbalances include: Estrogen dominance: Changes in sleep patterns, changes in weight and appetite, higher perceived stress, slowed metabolism polycystic Ovarian syndrome (pcos): Infertility, weight gain, higher risk for diabetes, acne, abnormal hair growth Low estrogen: Low sex drive, reproductive problems, menstrual irregularity, changes in mood hypothyroidism: slowed metabolism, weight gain, fatigue, anxiety, irritability, digestive issues, irregular periods Low testosterone: Erectile dysfunction, muscle loss, weight gain, fatigue, mood-related problems Hyperthyroidism and grave s disease: Anxiety, thinning hair, weight loss, ibs, trouble sleeping, irregular heartbeats Diabetes: Weight gain, nerve damage (neuropathy), higher risk for vision loss, fatigue, trouble breathing, dry mouth, skin problems Adrenal fatigue: Fatigue, muscle aches and pains, anxiety and depression, trouble sleeping, brain fog, reproductive problems here are three main tools to help achieve this enjoyable state of being: breathing exercises, quiet self-reflection, and exercise. First, it should be understood that exercise is like medicine and is very specific for each person &most accessible tool for most people. Effects of exercise on endocrine system - During exercise, the pituitary gland releases human growth hormone, which tells the body to increase bone, muscle and tissue production & thyroid gland sends out hormones that regulate the body's temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. Exercises for the growth of hormone, bone, muscle tissue production and metabolic rate Heavy weightlifting, stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone in brain which triggers testosterone production, also stimulates the release of thyroxine from thyroid gland. Testosterone and thyroxine speed up your metabolism so one can lose weight. Exercise for luteinizing hormone, testosterone, thyroxine and weight reduction Blood sugar insulin, a hormone transports blood sugar to muscles for energy. Excessive insulin reduces sensitivity to insulin & leads to diabetes. Exercise increases insulin sensitivity by its uptake by muscles. Blood insulin decreases after 10 minutes of aerobic exercise, and weight training increases sensitivity to insulin at rest. Blood flow: Adrenal medulla releases epinephrine during exercise level increase at higher exercise intensities. This hormone controls amount of blood that heart pumps, also enhances ability to use muscles during exercise by widening blood vessels and muscles get more oxygen-rich blood. Thyroxine hormone: Increases during exercise which increases amount of blood in body by about 30 %, and secretions might remain elevated for around five hours Psychological effects: Works as anti-depressant, exercise-induced testosterone might increase confidence and libido. Low testosterone levels might inhibit your motivation, self-confidence, concentration, memory. Your pituitary gland produces endorphin (happy hormone) levels shortly after exercise begins. Activities for hormone health Reduce sitting time: Most of us sit for far too long, but it just takes a few habit changes to make it less damaging to our health (and hormones) Walk and talk: Instead of coffee shop meet up, arrange a walking meeting mobile walk with it set an alarm phone or computer to get up and take a quick break. Find what kind of exercise and how much of it is best for maintaining a healthy hormone balance. Free gym: Stairs, park, squats while you are watching tv walking out improves mood and feeling calmer. HIIT: High intensity interval training (or burst training) has been shown to burn fat more effectively than aerobic exercise. Good for strengthening lungs and heart, raises human growth hormone (hgh), the hormone, abundant when we are young, declines rapidly as we age. Improves insulin sensitivity, a great result for waistline and risk of serious disease. Ask for metabolic aftershock programme to your physio : Resistance and weights: Muscle mass declines with aging (at a rapid rate if no strength training done ever). The more muscle we have the more calories are burnt, day and night, reducing fat stores. High cortisol has a negative effect on muscle mass, so building muscle is really important if you re over stressed. Not necessary to go to gym! weight training at home will helps. Fat / muscle ratio is what we are aiming to improve (note- you may not see weight loss if you are increasing muscle to fat). Strength training also lowers risk of osteoporosis, especially at menopause. Yoga and pilates- They improve flexibility, strength, posture, stress & mood. It s the ultimate anti-ageing exercise! when one does yoga, focusing on the pose it is impossible to think about anything else, plus strengthening body at the same time is a great thing to do. Relaxation technique- Stress, be it physical, emotional or environmental, can threaten a body's homeostasis. Certain ;endocrine glands secrete hormones that help the body respond to stress, but the function is meant to be short term. Extended secretion may weaken the body's defences, leaving room for infection, or even result in high blood pressure or a lack of cortisol and other steroid hormones. Long-term, this lack can lead to organ damage and even failure Relaxation methods can include meditation activities such as walking, painting or knitting anything calm and repetitive or focusing for a few minutes on breathing deeply or finding a quiet place to lie down and calm your heart beat. Sleep and hormone- Sleep is a good way to relax and calm down brain. The amount of sleep you need to function best varies among individuals, Adults -7 to 9 hr Teens- 8.5 to 9.25 hr Children- 5 to 10 - 10 to 11 hr Preschoolchildren - 11 to 13 hr Toddlersages 1 to 3 -12 to 14 hr Infants- 14to 15 hrnew born -12 to 18 hr
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Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 94% (11386 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Dietary Treatment And lifestyle Tips For Ovarian Cyst
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts especially those that have ruptured can cause serious symptoms Dietary treatment for ovarian cyst:- Foods to eat Soy: soy foods like tofu, miso and tempeh; as well as beans, lentils, cauliflower and broccoli can help control estrogen levels. Indole-3-carbinol (i3c): eat more foods rich in i3c which helps eliminate excess hormones from the body. These include cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli and cauliflower. Magnesium rich foods like almonds, bananas, prunes, cashew nuts and broccoli help to reduce painful cramps associated with ovarian cysts. Dandelion coffee: a herbal substitute for coffee, helps support the liver so that it can remove excess hormones more easily. Omega-3: eat foods rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids because they help control hormone disruptions as well as insulin resistance (linked to pcos). Good options include flax seeds (linseeds), oil fish (salmon, anchovies, sardines, mackerel and herring) and hemp seeds. Go organic: stick to organic foods as much as possible as pesticides can disrupt hormone balances. Peel all vegetables and fruit if they are not organic. Foods to avoid Alcohol: reduce your intake of alcohol as it can elevate estrogen levels. If you do want to have a drink, red wine is the best option. Wheat: eat fewer wheat products because wheat contains phytic acid which binds minerals like magnesium and zinc, both of which are essential for hormone balance and preventing cramps. Caffeine: cut back on caffeine products, coffee, sodas, chocolate, energy drinks and tea because it can disrupt hormones. Sugar: avoid refined sugar, that is, the sort of sugar found in cakes, pastries, candy and cookies because it plays havoc with hormones. Other related resources: alternative treatment for endometriosis and natural treatment for pcos. Both conditions are characterized by excess estrogen levels, and natural therapies are aimed at restoring hormone balance. Supplements and remedies B-vitamins: take a good b-vitamin supplement as it is helps to balance blood sugar and hormone levels. If you already take a multi-vitamin, check it s b-vitamin content. If it is a good formula, it should contain 100 percent of your daily b vitamin dosage, so there is no need to buy an additional supplement. Brassica vegetable extract supplements: are helpful in balancing hormones. These contain extracts from cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and brussels sprouts. You can purchase these easily enough on the internet from companies like life extension. Herbs: a cinnamon and rehmannia combination is a traditional treatment in china for ovarian cysts. The traditional recipe contains 30g of rehmannia, 9g of antler gelatin, 3g of cinnamon bark, 2g roasted ginger, 6g of sinapis, 2g of ma-huang and 3g of licorice. Lifestyle tips Weight loss: if you are overweight, lose a few pounds. Studies continually show that moderate weight loss helps to correct hormone imbalances and improves the chance of conception in women with fertility problems. Water: drink filtered water only. Tap water usually contains chemicals which can affect hormone levels. Also, be sure to check out our list of books on women's health for a healthy lifestyle. Plastic toxins: avoid cooking food in plastic containers. And above all avoid heating food in plastic containers in the microwave - always transfer the food to a glass bowel first. This is because the heating process releases toxic chemicals (dioxins) in the plastic which seep into your food. Stress: find ways to relax. Stress contributes to major hormone fluctuations - try adding rose, geranium or agnus castus essential oils to your bath. If you need a little motivation, read about the dangers of stress in women. Chemicals: remove chemicals from the house and use biodegradable products instead.
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Laparoscopic Surgery For Gastrointestinal Problems - The Benefits!

Dr. Ashish Pitale 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
Laparoscopic Surgery For Gastrointestinal Problems - The Benefits!
Laparoscopy is an advanced surgical technique that is often used to find out and treat any abnormalities or a myriad of medical complications such as an infection, ectopic pregnancy (a condition where the embryo attaches itself to an organ other than the uterus), cyst, fibroids, endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Laparoscopy comes in handy in the case of an accident or an injury where it helps in the detection of any damages to the internal organs. There are instances where laparoscopy is even used in a biopsy (to collect the tissue sample). The technique involves a small incision, often in the belly, through which a lighted tube, called a laparoscope, is inserted into the abdomen to analyze or treat the problem. The technique is quite hassle-free, causing minimum discomfort to the patient. In fact, there are so many associated benefits that more and more people are choosing laparoscopy over other surgical techniques and open surgery. In this regard, some of the advantages of laparoscopy that deserves a special mention are as follows: Involves a smaller incision: Most of the surgical procedures, including open surgery, can be quite messy. The laparoscopic technique is simple, minimally invasive, and involves an incision which is 1.2 inch or less. Quick recovery with lesser chances of an infection: In surgeries involving a large cut, there is a high probability of infection at the incision site, leading to complications and delaying the recovery and healing process. In laparoscopy, with a small incision, chances of an infection or associated complications are almost negligible. An infection-free surgery will heal at a faster rate, ensuring a quick recovery. The USP of Laparoscopy lies in the fact that the procedure is less painful (since the procedure involves a small cut with reduced loss of blood) as compared to many of the other surgical techniques. In some of the surgeries (including an open surgery), there may be profuse bleeding with the patient even requiring a blood transfusion. Such complications are unheard of in the case of a Laparoscopic surgery. In fact, patients undergoing a laparoscopy are often required to spend a lesser time in the hospital. Negligible chances of a wrong diagnosis: PCOS or endometriosis can be a contributing factor, triggering infertility in women. In females with fertility issues, an accurate diagnosis can go a long way to treat the condition better. The symptoms and complications associated with PCO or endometriosis can be alleviated if diagnosed early and accurately. Laparoscopy, in the majority of the cases, ensures an accurate diagnosis, making the treatment effective. Most of the surgical treatments such as an open surgery can leave a huge hole in your pocket. Laparoscopy, though effective, is not very expensive, making it a highly affordable surgical treatment. Laparoscopic Surgery for Gastrointestinal Problems The Laparoscopy surgery is often advised to treat a myriad of gastrointestinal problems such as Diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, Familial polyposis, Colorectal Cancer, Ulcerative Colitis. The Laparoscopy surgery may also be helpful in the case of severe constipation, bowel incontinence (a condition where a person fails to control the bowel movements) or a rectal prolapse. As with most laparoscopic surgeries, the procedure involves the surgeon to make few (usually 3 and more) incisions in the abdomen. With the stomach inflated with carbon dioxide gas (to view the diseased organs better), a laparoscope and the surgical instruments are then placed into the stomach via the incisions to perform the surgery. The different laparoscopic surgeries of the intestine to treat the gastrointestinal disorders include: Abdominoperineal Resection: In people with cancer affecting the anus or the lower part of the rectum, a surgeon may perform the Abdominoperineal Resection to get rid of the rectum, anus as well as the sigmoid colon. With the removal of the rectum and the anus, the surgeon creates a colostomy (an arrangement to connect the healthy end of the colon to the anterior wall of the abdomen through an incision) to eliminate the waste and the fecal matter out of the body. Proctosigmoidectomy: In people suffering from Diverticulitis (an inflammation or infection of the diverticula) and polyps (both cancerous as well nonmalignant growths), a Proctosigmoidectomy may be carried out to excise (complete or partial removal depending on the severity of the case) the affected part of the sigmoid colon or the rectum. Total abdominal colectomy: This laparoscopic surgery is used to treat conditions of Crohn's disease (an inflammatory bowel disease that causes abdominal pain and a host of associated symptoms), Ulcerative colitis (severe inflammation of the colon), or Familial polyposis (a condition that triggers the formation of many colon polyps). Total abdominal colectomy involves the surgical removal of the large intestine (usually from lower part of the ileum to the rectum which is then followed by the stitching the end of the ileum and the rectum together). Right colectomy: As the name suggests, Right Colectomy, also termed as Ileocolectomy involves the surgical removal of the right side of the colon or the large intestine. The excision also includes the end part of the small intestine (attached to the right side of the colon). The Right Colectomy is used to treat cancer, the symptoms associated with Crohn's disease as well as the polyps. Rectopexy: In the case of a rectal prolapse, where the rectum protrudes out of its original place, a rectopexy goes a long way to stitch the rectum to its original position. Total proctocolectomy: This is a laparoscopic surgery to remove the large intestine, the rectum and the anus (the anus may or not be removed depending on the severity). People with inflammatory problems of the colon such as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis benefit immensely from total proctocolectomy. The surgery may be followed by a temporary ileostomy (in the case the anus is removed or damaged, a permanent ileostomy may be needed) to eliminate the wastes out of the body.
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PCOS Problem In Girls

Dr. N. S. Rajput 86% (33 ratings)
Ayurveda, Dehradun
Apart from an irregular menstruation other symptoms of pcos are: Acne Excess hair growth on face and body High blood pressure Depression and anxiety If you have pcos, your hormones are out of balance and there are small cysts on and in your ovaries. If you think you have pcos, schedule an appointment with your doctor or general practitioner. Why is my period late? possible reasons for a missed period Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones, which, if imbalanced, can cause irregularities to your menstrual cycle and period flow. The most common cause is a fluctuation in your hormones (especially when it affects your estrogen levels): Stress, travelling and a hectic lifestyle can release stress hormones, which can disrupt the production of estrogen and cause a late or missed period. Your diet and unhealthy eating can impact your body and your flow. Similarly, sudden weight gain or loss, as well as malnourishment, can cause an irregular menstruation. Medication and contraception; hormonal birth control methods such as the pill or the injection can affect your period. Puberty, menarche and menopause, are phases in your life where high hormonal fluctuation is normal. Excessive exercising can often cause periods to be delayed or not come at all. When to see a doctor Irregular periods are common. But you might just want to check in with your gynaecologist and tell them you re having irregular periods. They can do a quick safety check to make sure the cause for your irregular periods is nothing to be worried about. If you find that irregular periods are taking over or making your day-to-day life difficult, then visit your doctor for a health check. Many find that their periods are more irregular during puberty or menopause. A missed period can also be an indication of pregnancy, so if you are unsure, see your doctor. If your periods suddenly change, you should also go see a doctor. Maybe it s because of stress, but better to rule out any other causes for sure. 3 easy ways to regulate your period naturally Regulate your period by adjusting your diet It s important you have a balanced and healthy diet all month. There are some particular foods that are very helpful in regulating periods and getting your menstrual flow going: Pineapples and papaya are well-known home remedies for irregular periods. The bromelain in the pineapple and papaya will help soften and break down your uterus lining, which can help solve a period block. Also, aim for an intake of half a teaspoon of.

Popular Questions & Answers

Please suggest. Can I use Krimson 35 from the 7th day of my period as I forgot to start it on the 5th day.

Dr. Sameer Kumar 95% (4278 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hello, It is to be started from day 3 of your cycle and not from day 5. now its late to be started . yOu can consider it from next cycle.

How to test for pcod? If I have all the symptoms and only do not have symptom of weight gain instead I have weight loss. Then is it possible that I am having pcod?

Dr. Pankaj Chhajed 91% (95 ratings)
BHMS, M.D Homoeopathy ( Practice of Medicine )
Homeopath, Nashik
Hello lybrate-user, I would suggest you to do a Ultrasoography scan of abdomen/ pelvis. This will clear the doubt whether you are having PCOD or not. Bye take care.
1 person found this helpful

Do a patient of pcos after having elestra tablet for 21 days will get back normal periods.

Dr. Monika Singh 87% (72 ratings)
MS.(Obs. & Gyn.) Enrl., B.A.M.S
Obstetrician, Ghaziabad
Hi. Yes the period will came but not in that regular way. Because it come by the withdrawal effect of that tablet.

Is the problem of PCOS common in girls of the age 16 -18. Is there any permanent solution to this problem? Please suggest something.

Dr. Gitanjali 96% (1477 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Nowadays pcod is very common in young girls. Main reason is lack of physical activity. Increased intake of fast and junk food ,carbonated drinks ,leading to obesity. Increased environmental toxins is also an important cause of increasing pcod in patients. To cure pcod do regular exercises for 20-30mts every day, Eat a balanced balanced healthy diet ,take lots of green leafy vegetables and salad. As far as possible decrease the use of plastic in day today activity.
4 people found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Does Ayurveda Help In Curing PCOS?

Dr. Reji Thomas 90% (10 ratings)
BAMS, MD-Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Visakhapatnam
Ayurvedic Panchakarma treatment is beneficial in treating PCOS. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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7 people took this quiz

PCOS and Infertility - How Are They Related?

Dr. Shailee Agrawal 92% (205 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Sirohi
A vaginal ultrasound is the only way to diagnose PCOS. True or False? Take the quiz to know now.
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43 people took this quiz

Do You Think PCOS Can Lead To Infertility?

Dr. Yuthika Bajpai Sharma 88% (38 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Women with PCOS suffer from Infertility. True or false. Take this quiz to know more.
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1 people took this quiz

PCOS - Spot The Signs!

Dr. Shaivalini Kamarapu 90% (305 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Warangal
Irregular periods can be a symptom of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). True or false? Take the quiz to know now.
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