Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Pcos - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Infertility in women is caused due to PCOS. Many a time PCOS are genetically inherited from either the mother or father side. PCOS also causes insulin resistance, women with PCOS have a high chance of developing diabetes due to the insulin resistance. Other complications that women develop due to PCOS include sleep apnea, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer.

Once a woman goes to a gynaecologist for the treatment of PCOS, she is thoroughly examined and checked for medical history. The gynaecologist will check for details of menstrual cycles and symptoms of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, hormone levels and examination of the pelvis to check for cysts in the ovaries with the help of an ultrasound.

After a thorough diagnosis of the condition, treatment begins. Treatment includes checking the age, symptoms and pregnancy plans of the patient. Treatment for PCOS includes birth control pills that will regulate the periods, ovulation induction, androgen blocking medications, topical anti-hair growth and excess hair growth treatments, treatment for skin problems. Ovulation induction is done to treat infertility and enable the patient to conceive.

The first and main step towards the treatment of PCOS is in reducing weight. A healthy weight is required to bring the hormones into the body to control. Eating a proper nutritious diet will enable one to bring weight in control. Besides a healthy diet, a person should focus on moderate exercise that will enable one to maintain the healthy weight.

Dealing with PCOS is stressful and time-consuming. Many women may need to visit a counsellor to keep depression away.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Symptoms
Acne Excess hair growth Menstrual abnormalities Weight gain

Popular Health Tips

Causes of PCOS

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video

Brief knowledge about causes of PCOS

I'm Dr. Sunita Gupta. I'm Consultant Gynecologist at Max Hospitals, Saket, and Panchsheel. Today I'm going to talk about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome consists of three symptoms. One is Anovulation. Anovulation means there is no egg formulation in the ovary. Second is Hyperandrogenism which an is excess of male hormones in the body, and third is Cyst in the body which is visible in the ultrasound. So the main symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are obesity. Most of the patients of Polycystic ovary have obesity. Obesity worsens the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and it is a vicious cycle and Polycystic Ovarian people have more obesity because what happens is that the female hormones get deposited in the fat and that's why there is deficiency of female hormone in blood of Polycystic patients and all that's why the male hormones starts dominating the system and all the male symptoms start appearing like acne, hair on the face or on he body, excessive hair on the body, irregular cycles. So, obesity is the main culprit in the patients. So, if they lose weight then all the symptoms regress because the hormone in the fat goes back to the blood and all the hormonal imbalance gets corrected and all the acne and facial hair everything will disappear.

Second thing is acne which is very common in Polycystic Ovarian patients. So many times patient go to a skin specialist for acne treatment and then they discover they have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. So for acne is again because of male hormones in the blood and sometimes it a response to local applications which the skin specialist gives to them. But sometimes they need to take hormonal treatment. We give the oral contraceptive pills to these patients for correcting the acne. Basically the oral contraceptive pills have perfect combination of female hormones which your body, ovary should be producing. But the in case of Polycystic ovaries the ovary is producing more of male hormones, little bit more male hormones.

So once we give pills from outside the body gets the signal that there are enough hormone in the blood and there is no need to make any more hormone. So the ovaries stops working and the male hormones also stop getting formed and all the symptom then gets regressed till the patient is on he pills. Once the patients stops the pills again the ovaries take over, again the male hormone starts getting formed by the ovaries and again the symptoms may slowly appear. So once the patient has been kept on OCPs for 6 months she may become alright for 1-2 years and again the symptoms may come back.

So Polycystic Ovary disease is a not disease which can be cured by a 6 months treatment or a one week treatment like any fever or antibiotic you give and the patient becomes alright. This is a lifestyle disease which is going to be there for the rest of your life. You can keep it under control by having a healthy lifestyle or maybe taking some medication if required or you if let it go if you allow yourself to gain weight then it can become worse and get out of hand.

If you want to know anything more about PCOS you can contact me on Librate.com or Max hospital, Sanket and Panchsheel.

3414 people found this helpful

PCOS

FNB Reproductive Medicine, MD -Obstretics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Fellow ship of Indian College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FICOG)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
PCOS

What is PCOS?
There are no cysts in ovary instead the normal development of egg is arrested due to hormonal imbalance.

All About PCOS!

Diploma in Diet n Nutrition, BHMS
Homeopath,
All About PCOS!

Pcos: here is all that you must know about it!

Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a common hormonal disorder amongst women in their reproductive age. The symptoms of pcos being seemingly unrelated to each other, are often overlooked and remain undiagnosed. It is commonly termed as pcod (polycystic ovary disease) in which the there is an imbalance in the women’s hormones. As the name suggests, multiple cysts are formed in the ovaries that are pearl-sized (2-4mm), fluid filled and may contain immature eggs.

Whom does it most commonly affect?

Pcos most commonly affects women of reproductive age (14-45 years of age). In ceratin cases, pre-pubertal girls may also be affected by pcos.

What are the common symptoms of pcos?

Pcos, being a syndrome, is defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms may vary from one individual to another. In case you observe two or more than two of these symptoms, make sure you undergo a thorough medical examination. Common symptoms are:

  1. Irregular scanty or missing menstrual periods
  2. Infertility such as ovulation dysfunction
  3. Excess or unwanted body or facial hair on the body
  4. Thinning hair on the scalp
  5. Weight problems, often leading to weight gain around the waist
  6. Skin problems such as skin bags, darkening of skin and acne

What causes pcos in women? 

The exact cause of pcos is still not known, however, there are hypothesis suggesting a few of the common causes such as;

  1. Obesity
  2. High level of insulin
  3. Increased production of androgens
  4. Family history
  5. Environmental pollution and radiations

How can pcos be diagnosed?

Pcos symptoms affect more than 20% of the indian women and still remain undiagnosed at times. For an effective diagnosis, you may report of,

  1. Irregular periods in the past
  2. Tests revealing high levels of specific hormones
  3. Ultrasound showing polycystic pattern of the ovary

What are the possible complications of pcos?

Commonly reported complications of pcos include:

  1. Diabetes
  2. Heart and blood vessel problems
  3. Sleep apnea
  4. Uterine cancer
  5. Heart diseases

How can pcos be managed?

Once diagnosed, the treatment of pcos may differ from an individual to another. However, a few tips to manage/ prevent pcos are:

  1. Exercise regularly. Include activities such as aerobics, sports and brisk walk to your daily routine.
  2. Eat healthy. Include foods that are low in refined carbohydrates as it helps to regulate blood sugar levels. Also add foods rich in antioxidants, green vegetables super grain and fruits to your daily diet
  3. Avoid excess of junk foods, spicy and oily foods and sugary diets.
  4. In case you smoke, it is best recommended to quit smoking.
  5. Avoid stimulants. Beverages such as coffee, that act as a rich source of stimulating compounds, have been found to increase insulin production.
  6. Keep stress away. Combat this depression by engaging yourself in activities such as opting for bubble bath, watching an old favorite movie, reading a classic or meeting friends who could be good company.

The doctor may prescribe you will relevant medications to treat the complications, in case any.


 

16 people found this helpful

PCOS

M.R.C.O.G. (LONDON) Gold Medalist, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video

Here are symptoms, effects, and treatments of PCOS.

Hi I am Dr. Tripti Rheja. I am working as consultant, Gynea and obstetrician, Max Hospital Pitampura. This video will provide you information regarding PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a very common condition that affects up to 10-20 percent of women in India. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a condition that affects your periods, your fertility, your hormone levels and also your appearance. It also affects your long term health. Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are irregular period or absent period, increase facial hair or body hair there could be loss of body hair from head or there could be acne, oily skin and many come with complain of decreased fertility. They find difficulty in conceiving. It can affect your long term health also and it can cause diabetes in around 10-20 percent of patients later in the life. If diabetes remain untreated then it can lead to damage other internal organs also.

Then in some women it can cause high blood pressure since most of these women are overweight and if hypertension or high blood pressure remains untreated then it can cause heart problems also. Then if you have irregular period and if you bleed less than three times a year then there could be the thickening of the lining of uterus which can later on develop into cancer of uterus in some women. To reduce the risk to long term health you can do certain lifestyle modifications. You should have a healthy diet which should contain lots of fruit, vegetables. You should cut down the intake of salt, sugar, caffeine or alcohol. You should exercise regularly. You should exercise for at least 30 minutes in a day for a minimum of three days a week.

Then in addition to losing weight is going to help you if you have PCOS. If you can lose weight there are several benefits like periods will become more regular. You will find conceiving easier than your appearance will improve, there will be the reduction in acne, reduction in facial hair and then there is a benefit to your long term also. There will be less chance of development of diabetes or high blood pressure or cancer of uterus. In addition to these lifestyle changes there are medicines you can take after consultation with your gynecologist. These medicines can help you reducing the symptoms and consequences of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

If you want to consult me further you can connect me via lybrate. You can do chat or you can do video call or you can book an appointment via lybrate.

3417 people found this helpful

PCOS

M.Sc Dietetics and Food Service Management, B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hubli-Dharwad

Pcos is a hormonal disorder affecting many women leading to abnormal weight gain, high sugar levels and infertility. It is said even a 10% reduction in weight improves the overall condition in pcos. Losing weight is the only way to manage pcos and diet plays an 80% role in the same. Balance nutrition offers this online program for weight loss for women with pcos. Along with the diet, special super foods from the kitchen are incorporated to ensure you lose weight, correct the hormonal imbalance and regularize periods

What is pcos diet?

A typical low-fat weight loss diet like the simple 1200 calorie diet plan is not effective enough to promote weight loss in women suffering from pcos because in this case, weight gain is a result of high insulin levels that promotes fat storage in the body. Polycystic ovaries treatment and weight management call for a specialized low gi diet that includes selected combinations of foods that don't cause a rapid rise in blood glucose levels.

6 healthy food groups to include in a pcos diet menu

The following is a healthy pcos food list that can be included in the daily diet in order to manage the polycystic ovarian disease in a more effective manner and prevent weight gain which is one of the most recognizable symptoms of this condition.

Green leafy vegetables

The benefits of eating fruits and vegetables to lose weight are well known, but it also helps to control polycystic ovary syndrome naturally. Leafy vegetables have maximum nutrients per calories compared to other foods and also rich in calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium along with vitamins k, c and e and most importantly essential b vitamins which plays an imperative role in managing the symptoms of pcos. B vitamins especially b2, b3, b5 and b6 help in better sugar and fat metabolism, improve thyroid functioning and render better hormone balance, improve fertility all of which are essential for pcos management.

Green leafy vegetables for pcos

The minerals help to neutralize the acidity caused by inflammation and impaired glucose tolerance. Calcium helps in egg maturation and follicle development in ovaries; potassium is needed for fsh (follicle stimulation hormone) production. It helps to reduce pms symptoms and also promotes weight loss.

Coloured vegetables

Brightly colored vegetables not only makes for an appetizing salad but also helps in controlling pcos and must be included in the pcos diet plan. Colourful vegetables are loaded with powerful antioxidants that help to neutralize the harmful effects of oxidative stress in women suffering from pcos. Coloured vegetables

Some of the healthiest colored vegetables include red and yellow bell peppers, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, eggplant, etc.

Fruits

This is the next set of healthy foods that must be included in pcos diet recipes. Although most women suffering from pcos are reluctant to include fruits in their diet because of the fructose content that causes a sudden spike in blood sugar levels and consequently insulin levels, fruits are really rich in phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals and fibres so it should not be avoided entirely.

Fruits and vegetables

Include fruits that have low gi such as lime, strawberries, apricot, grapefruit, lemon, cantaloupe, guava, pear, oranges, watermelon, blueberries, nectarines, apples and kiwifruit and also eat a handful of nuts or seeds with the fruits for the much needed protein boost that helps to control the sudden sugar spike caused by fruits. You can also try delicious kiwi smoothie recipes which are loaded with nutrients.

1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm suffering from PCOS from around 12 years due to which I do not get periods at all I'm facing a problem of hair loss and I'm gaining weight too. Please suggest any treatment so that my weight is under control also get my periods regularly.

MD, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad
If you have PCOD then following guidelin. Get USG done for diagnosis You need Life style modification for PCOD for whole life, You should do physical activities like brisk walking or cycling or any activities which leads to perspiration daily for one hour. Start doing for 5 minutes in first week, 10 minutes in 2nd week, 15 minutes in 3rd week within 2-3 months you will reach to your target of doing exercises for one hour/day. You have to control taking high carbohydrate and lipid diet daily. E.g. If you want to take one SAMOSA or One Gulabjambu or one pizza or ice cream, you have to do extra workout for 30-60 minutes over above the daily one hour of daily exercises then only you can eat extra calories food otherwise not. So controlling calories intake and daily burning calories regularly wil help to loos one kg/month- slow and steady control over long period. With PCOD if your BMI remain between 20 to 25 everything will be fine otherwise you will develop Gestational diabetes.
1 person found this helpful

Hi ,I'm suffering from pcos and trying to conceive what medicine should I take to reduce pcod & any other tips if you can give me Dr. I would be really thankful.

MBBS, DGO -PREVENTIVE & SOCIAL MEDICINE
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
In pcod instead of medication changing your lifestyle really helps Reduce weight do regular exercise, meditation,drink lot of water As far as medicine is concerned take myoinositol n d chiroinositol combination And ovulation inducing tablets which your gyneac will prescribe according to day of your menstrual cycle.

Please suggest. Is there any medication to treat hirsutism. It is common among the women who are suffering from PCOD. Is there any permanent treatment?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Yes with Homoeopathic treatment Hirsutism and PCOD both can be cured.. You can consult me through lybrate for Homoeopathic treatment..

Table of Content

Infertility in women is caused due to PCOS. Many a time PCOS are genetically inherited from either the mother or father side. PCOS also causes insulin resistance, women with PCOS have a high chance of developing diabetes due to the insulin resistance. Other complications that women develop due to PCOS include sleep apnea, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer.

Once a woman goes to a gynaecologist for the treatment of PCOS, she is thoroughly examined and checked for medical history. The gynaecologist will check for details of menstrual cycles and symptoms of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, hormone levels and examination of the pelvis to check for cysts in the ovaries with the help of an ultrasound.

After a thorough diagnosis of the condition, treatment begins. Treatment includes checking the age, symptoms and pregnancy plans of the patient. Treatment for PCOS includes birth control pills that will regulate the periods, ovulation induction, androgen blocking medications, topical anti-hair growth and excess hair growth treatments, treatment for skin problems. Ovulation induction is done to treat infertility and enable the patient to conceive.