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Pcos - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a condition that happens to women. These women develop cysts on the ovary. These cysts are harmless yet they can cause hormone imbalance. Hormone imbalance leads to many other symptoms like irregular periods, acne, and extra hair growth on the body. In extreme cases, PCOS can cause insulin deficiency and lead to diabetes. It can also cause heart problems.

Small pearl like cysts are found in the ovaries of women who have PCOS. These cysts contain fluids and immature eggs. The presence of cysts in the ovary can hamper the production of hormones in the body. One hormone acts as a signal for production of another hormone. When one hormone is not produced it leads to a series of events. In women with PCOS, there is an excess production of male hormone androgen which is usually produced in minute quantities. This excess production leads to an excess of hair on the body.

Infertility in women is caused due to PCOS. Many a time PCOS are genetically inherited from either the mother or father side. PCOS also causes insulin resistance, women with PCOS have a high chance of developing diabetes due to the insulin resistance. Other complications that women develop due to PCOS include sleep apnea, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer.

Once a woman goes to a gynaecologist for the treatment of PCOS, she is thoroughly examined and checked for medical history. The gynaecologist will check for details of menstrual cycles and symptoms of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, hormone levels and examination of the pelvis to check for cysts in the ovaries with the help of an ultrasound.

After a thorough diagnosis of the condition, treatment begins. Treatment includes checking the age, symptoms and pregnancy plans of the patient. Treatment for PCOS includes birth control pills that will regulate the periods, ovulation induction, androgen blocking medications, topical anti-hair growth and excess hair growth treatments, treatment for skin problems. Ovulation induction is done to treat infertility and enable the patient to conceive.

The first and main step towards the treatment of PCOS is in reducing weight. A healthy weight is required to bring the hormones into the body to control. Eating a proper nutritious diet will enable one to bring weight in control. Besides a healthy diet, a person should focus on moderate exercise that will enable one to maintain the healthy weight.

Dealing with PCOS is stressful and time-consuming. Many women may need to visit a counsellor to keep depression away.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Non communicable
Acne Excess hair growth Menstrual abnormalities Weight gain

Popular Health Tips


Dt. Sonal Mehta 87% (279 ratings)
M.Sc Dietetics and Food Service Management, B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Hubli-Dharwad
Pcos is a hormonal disorder affecting many women leading to abnormal weight gain, high sugar levels and infertility. It is said even a 10% reduction in weight improves the overall condition in pcos. Losing weight is the only way to manage pcos and diet plays an 80% role in the same. Balance nutrition offers this online program for weight loss for women with pcos. Along with the diet, special super foods from the kitchen are incorporated to ensure you lose weight, correct the hormonal imbalance and regularize periods . What is pcos diet? A typical low-fat weight loss diet like the simple 1200 calorie diet plan is not effective enough to promote weight loss in women suffering from pcos because in this case, weight gain is a result of high insulin levels that promotes fat storage in the body. Polycystic ovaries treatment and weight management call for a specialized low gi diet that includes selected combinations of foods that don't cause a rapid rise in blood glucose levels. 6 healthy food groups to include in a pcos diet menu The following is a healthy pcos food list that can be included in the daily diet in order to manage the polycystic ovarian disease in a more effective manner and prevent weight gain which is one of the most recognizable symptoms of this condition. Green leafy vegetables The benefits of eating fruits and vegetables to lose weight are well known, but it also helps to control polycystic ovary syndrome naturally. Leafy vegetables have maximum nutrients per calories compared to other foods and also rich in calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium along with vitamins k, c and e and most importantly essential b vitamins which plays an imperative role in managing the symptoms of pcos. B vitamins especially b2, b3, b5 and b6 help in better sugar and fat metabolism, improve thyroid functioning and render better hormone balance, improve fertility all of which are essential for pcos management. Green leafy vegetables for pcos The minerals help to neutralize the acidity caused by inflammation and impaired glucose tolerance. Calcium helps in egg maturation and follicle development in ovaries; potassium is needed for fsh (follicle stimulation hormone) production. It helps to reduce pms symptoms and also promotes weight loss. Coloured vegetables Brightly colored vegetables not only makes for an appetizing salad but also helps in controlling pcos and must be included in the pcos diet plan. Colourful vegetables are loaded with powerful antioxidants that help to neutralize the harmful effects of oxidative stress in women suffering from pcos. Coloured vegetables Some of the healthiest colored vegetables include red and yellow bell peppers, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, eggplant, etc. Fruits This is the next set of healthy foods that must be included in pcos diet recipes. Although most women suffering from pcos are reluctant to include fruits in their diet because of the fructose content that causes a sudden spike in blood sugar levels and consequently insulin levels, fruits are really rich in phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals and fibres so it should not be avoided entirely. Fruits and vegetables Include fruits that have low gi such as lime, strawberries, apricot, grapefruit, lemon, cantaloupe, guava, pear, oranges, watermelon, blueberries, nectarines, apples and kiwifruit and also eat a handful of nuts or seeds with the fruits for the much needed protein boost that helps to control the sudden sugar spike caused by fruits. You can also try delicious kiwi smoothie recipes which are loaded with nutrients.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) : Patient Information

Dr. Swapnil Deshapnde 89% (70 ratings)
General Physician,
Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition that causes irregular menstrual periods because monthly ovulation is not occurring and levels of androgens (male hormones) in women are elevated. The condition occurs in about 5 to 10 percent of women. The elevated androgen levels can sometimes cause excessive facial hair growth, acne, and/or male-pattern scalp hair thinning. Most, but not all, women with pcos are overweight or obese, and they are at higher than average risk of developing diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea. For women with pcos who want to become pregnant, fertility pills or injections are often needed to help women ovulate. Although pcos is not completely reversible, there are a number of treatments that can reduce or minimize bothersome symptoms. Most women with pcos are able to lead a normal life without significant complications. Common signs and symptoms Irregular menstrual periods menstrual disorders can include absent periods, periods that occur infrequently or too frequently, heavy periods, or unpredictable periods. Infertility pcos is one of the most common causes of female infertility. Obesity up to 80% of women with pcos are obese. Excess hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or upper thighs this condition, called hirsutism, affects more than 70% of women with pcos. Severe acne or acne that occurs after adolescence and does not respond to usual treatments Oily skin Patches of thickened, velvety, darkened skin called acanthosis nigricans Multiple small cysts on the ovary Are treatments available for women with pcos? A variety of treatments are available to address the problems of pcos. Treatment is tailored to each woman according to symptoms, other health problems, and whether she wants to become pregnant. Is there a cure? Medical treatments aim to manage and reduce the symptoms or consequences of having pcos. Medication alone has not been shown to be any better than healthy lifestyle changes (weight loss and exercise). Many women with pcos successfully manage their symptoms and long-term health risks without medical intervention. They do this by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy lifestyle Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a condition which can affect a woman's menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones and aspects of her appearance but with proper medical care she can lead a healthy lifestyle.
1 person found this helpful

think twice before taking I-PILL

Dr. Niraj Gujarathi 92% (1443 ratings)
Ayurveda, Nashik
I-pill is emergency contraceptive; not an abortion pill. It helps in preventing an unplanned pregnancy. I-pill should be taken within 72 hrs. It works most effectively if taken within 12 hrs of unprotected sex. I-pill is not suitable for teenagers. If you are thinking of i-pill your age must be above 25 yrs. You must know following side effects of i-pill Nausea Headache Lower abdominal pain Breast tenderness Vaginal discharge Excess bleeding or scanty bleeding for several days  Mess-up with menstrual cycle for longer time (3 to 6 months) Decreases libido (sex drive) Affects fertility  Higher chances of pcos Very importantly  I-pill have 10% failure rate I-pill should not be repeated within 6 months I-pill does not offer protection against hiv/aids & sexually transmitted diseases Instead of this partner must use safer option like condom. It provides protection against unwanted pregnancy, hiv & sexually transmitted diseases
1 person found this helpful

Should I see a Fertility Specialist?

Dr. Abhishek S Parihar 91% (23 ratings)
Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Should I see a Fertility Specialist?
Should I see a fertility specialist? Perhaps you've been under a lot of stress lately. Or, maybe your partner is always traveling during the right time. If you hear yourself making excuses month after month for seemingly unexplained infertility, then it might be time to sit down with a fertility specialist to uncover the root cause of the problem. What many men and women don't realize is that early diagnosis is key. Many times, if a problem is diagnosed, it can take months to treat and suddenly there you are, almost a year later, starting to try all over again. The solution? don't wait. Here, we've narrowed down 4 signs that it's time to pick up the phone or hop online - to make an appointment for a fertility consultation asap. But as a general rule, if you are even asking yourself this question, the answer is yes. 1. You've been trying and trying, and trying Trying to conceive with no luck can be incredibly frustrating, but the fact is that 1 in 8 couples struggle with infertility. Experts agree that women over the age of 35 should wait no more than 6 months of trying before seeing a specialist. That wait extends to just one year for the under 35 crowd. It's also a good idea for your partner to join you and not just to hold your hand: studies show that male partners contribute to over 40 percent of infertility cases. 2. You have a pre-existing condition There are a number of health conditions that can have a huge impact on a woman's fertility and while some of these may have been diagnosed as early on as childhood, others are silent and can go completely undetected. From uterus abnormalities and hormonal imbalances to endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos), the sooner these issues are brought to light and treated, the better your chances for a happy, healthy baby. 3. You've had more than one miscarriage Many women have multiple miscarriages and go on to have perfectly normal pregnancies. However, this can also indicate that chromosomal abnormalities, hormonal issues or even structural issues in the cervix or uterine lining are at play. Fortunately, most of these conditions are treatable, but only after a proper examination can the diagnosis be made. 4. You've had irregular or absent periods There is certainly no shortage of potential reasons for why you may be experiencing menstrual irregularity. Diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome and increased exercise are all common causes. Many are surprised to learn that over-exercising and weight loss can actually cause you to have no period (amenorrhea) whatsoever. The ever present relationship between stress and infertility can wreak havoc on regular periods, too. By taking notes on any and all symptoms you may be experiencing and discussing them with a fertility specialist, you'll be able to diagnose your own personal reason even sooner.
4 people found this helpful

Are You Gluten Intolerant ??

Dr. Kritika Bhola 91% (384 ratings)
BHOM, MD - Alternate Medicine, Diploma in Weight Loss, Diploma in Nutrition, DNHE
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Are You Gluten Intolerant ??
Are you gluten intolerant? Many people experience digestive and health problems caused by eating gluten or wheat. Gluten is a protein that is found in wheat, barley, and rye. If you have any of the following symptoms it could be a sign that you have gluten intolerance 1. Digestive issues such as gas, bloating, diarrhoea and even constipation. 2. Fatigue, brain fog or feeling tired after eating a meal that contains gluten. 3. Diagnosis of an autoimmune disease such as hashimoto's thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, lupus, psoriasis, scleroderma or multiple sclerosis. 4. Dizziness or feeling of being off balance. 5. Hormone imbalances such as pms, pcos or unexplained infertility. 6. Migraine headaches. 7. Diagnosis of chronic fatigue or fibromyalgia. 8. Inflammation, swelling or pain in your joints such as fingers, knees or hips. 9. Mood issues such as anxiety, depression, mood swings. The best way to determine if you have an issue with gluten is to do an elimination diet and take it out of your diet for at least 2 to 3 weeks and then reintroduce it.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi I have polycyst ovary syndrome how to reduce Please answer and I have hypothyroidism how can reduce my weight.

Dt. Apeksha Thakkar 92% (4236 ratings)
BSc - Food Science & Nutrition, PGD in Sports Nutrition and Dietitics , Diabetes Educator
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Hello, In both the cases of PCOS and Hypothyroidism,Resting metabolic rate can prove to be challenging.A proper lifestyle modification diet with healthy exercise routine can be helpful.Get in touch with me online for the correct dietary guidance.

What to eat and and not to eat during pcos? And how to recover from pcos illness?

Dr. Gitanjali 97% (652 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Diet and exercise play a very important role in managing pcod, you should do regular exercises. Eat a healthy balanced diet eat green leafy vegetables and salads. Avoid junk food and oily snacks, do not drink carbonated drinks take a diet which in proteins and restrict gat and carbohydrates.
1 person found this helpful

Hi my follicle does not grow at fix rate some time 10 mm in a day some time there is no growth at all. On 11 day it is 19 mm and on 13 day size is same.

Dr. Girish Dani 91% (2069 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Nothing in body works by mathematical precision. It changes from person to person and even in same person from month to month and day to day. Infertility treatment for such reasons and only once a month possibility takes long term treatment. Go to same Gynecologist in whom you have trust for long time.

I am female suffering from pcos and thyroid I want to undergo for laser hair removal procedure for unwanted hair please tell me price for the procedure and success rate in my case .thanks.

Dr. Hemachandran 92% (794 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Vellore
Dear lybrate-user! Do not do the removal ofhairs, the histriusm or hair growth is due to hormonal problem - pcod / thyroid. Once if you start to remove it will trouble you more and gets grwoing more and more. Better consult the homoepathy and take treatment, all your problems could be solved very easily.
2 people found this helpful

HELLO DOCTOR. I have hormonal imbalance issue. I have high level of testosterone in my body (due to PCOS) .I have thick hair on upper lips and chin. I am taking medications for PCOS prescribed by my doctor. Kindly suggest me an ayurvedic medicine to lower my testosterone. As I got fed up of my facial hair. Please please help me.

Dr. Dnyaneshwar Mitke 92% (965 ratings)
BAMS, MD, Panchakrma
Ayurveda, Nashik
1) Proper healthy vegetarian diet 2) Minimum 45 min.hard exercise 3) Stress free life 4) Meditation like Aum chant for 10 min. U should follow ayurvedic therapy for detoxification of body & some medicines to treat irregularity of menses. Pcos Need ayurvedic medicines that regularize hormone & periods . Helps in 1) Normalize hormonal imbalance 2) Helps in making healthy endometrium 3) Helps to nourish uterus 4) Helps to treat infertility by boosting ovulation process 5) No side effects so consult online we will provide you our best medicines to treat it well

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