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High Cholesterol: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is High Cholesterol? How do you lower your cholesterol? What is a healthy cholesterol level by age? What are the post-treatment guidelines? Is High Cholesterol genetic? What are the Side effects of the treatment ? What not to eat with high cholesterol?

What is High Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxlike substance which is found in lipids (fats) in our blood. Our body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, and produces certain hormones, whereas, a high cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease and leave a negative impact on health.

High cholesterol may develop fatty deposits in our blood vessels, and these deposits make to difficult for sufficient blood to flow through our arteries. In this case, our heart may not get its required oxygen-rich blood which, in turn increases the risk of a heart attack. A decreased blood flow to your brain might cause a stroke.

How do you lower your cholesterol?

Keeping the cholesterol level controlled is important as it decreases the risk of various health related conditions. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can reduce cholesterol and improve your heart health:

Eat heart-healthy foods

Increasing the quantity of or adding some nutritious food to your diet like foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, soluble fiber, whey protein can keep your diet in a heart-healthy process. But that's not it. One who is wiling to reduce cholesterol level has to include some other factors such as Reducing saturated fats and eliminating trans fats.

Regular Exercise

Regular Exercise can help improving your cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol which in general terms also called 'good' cholesterol, can be boosted with moderate physical activity.

Quit smoking

Quitting smoking could be an important step towards reducing your cholesterol. It can be helpful in improving your HDL cholesterol level.

Lose weight

Extra body weight hugely contributes to high cholesterol. Loosing some weight can be helpful in your cholesterol improvement journey.

What is a healthy cholesterol level by age?

For adults, the total cholesterol levels which is considered to be an acceptable range is less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). A borderline high of cholesterol level in adults reads between 200 and 239 mg/dL and a reading of 240 mg/dL and above is considered high.

  • LDL cholesterol levels is recommended to be at 100 mg/dL. For people with no health issues levels
  • of 100 to 129 mg/dL are acceptable but may become a matter of concern for those with heart disease or heart disease risk factors.
  • HDL levels should be kept higher. A reading of less than 40 mg/dL is considered a major risk factor for heart disease.
  • Although for a child, the total cholesterol should be less than 170 mg/dL. Any reading of total cholesterol over 200 in a child is too high. The Borderline high in total cholesterol for a child ranges from 170 to 199 mg/dL. Any reading of total cholesterol over 200 in a child is too high.
  • The LDL cholesterol levels in a child should also be lower than an adult's. The optimal range of LDL cholesterol for a child is less than 110 mg/dL.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The first and the foremost guideline for post-treatment of high cholesterol is maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle that includes various lifestyle changes such as eating healthy diet, regular exercise, limited or no alcohol, no smoking etc. Adopting these habits can also help control or prevent other risk factors such as blood pressure, blood sugar, diabetes. Eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, also low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish, legumes, and nuts. Put a limit to your intake of sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages and red meats. Regular exercise after consulting your doctor how much exercise world be helpful for you. Maintaining a healthy weight. Not smoking

Is High Cholesterol genetic?

There is an inherited form of high cholesterol called familial hypercholesterolemia which demands serious action. Only about 10% to 20% of people with familial hypercholesterolemia know they have it. If untreated, 85% of men and 50% of women with familial hypercholesterolemia will have a heart attack, stroke, or cardiac arrest before age 65. Individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia will pass it on to about half of their children.

What are the Side effects of the treatment ?

Generally, there were no side effects observed during the treatment of high cholesterol levels but it is essential for a patient to maintain his/her healthy lifestyle. However, some experts have suggested that the situations like high blood pressure and weight gaining may occur during the treatment of high cholesterol level.

What not to eat with high cholesterol?

For a person suffering with high cholesterol, abstaining from some particular food items is very important. Reducing saturated fat intake to no more than 6 percent of the total daily calories will be good for a person with high cholesterol.

Avoiding trans fats is also important. Here goes a list of foods to stay away fro:

  1. Fatty beef
  2. Pork
  3. Poultry with skin
  4. Dairy products made from whole or reduced-fat milk
  5. Saturated vegetable oils, such as coconut oil, palm oil, and palm kernel oil
  6. Packaged cookies, cakes, donuts, and pastries
  7. Potato chips and crackers
  8. Packaged frosting
  9. Commercially fried foods
  10. Nakery goods that contain shortening
  11. Buttered popcorn
  12. Cholesterol in foods such as red meat, sausage, organ meats, such as kidney and liver

Popular Questions & Answers

Dear sir I am 80 years old. I use modlip 10. But due to lighten, since modlip 10 was unavailable in market, the shop owner gave me atorbest 10. Is it ok to use atorbest in place of modlip? As you know, they are heart related diseases.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Same medicine. May be taken instead of modlip. Ask your Dr. whether you can stop cholesterol medicines for 8 weeks while there is covid19 epidemic.

Hi, I want some to take a look to both my reports and advice. My TSH is 2.5 but t4 is 12.5 what does it mean currently I'm taking 125 mcg thyronorm. Also, I have got dyslipidemia what it is?

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. I have seen the details given. T4 12.5 ng/ml, is just above the upper limit of 12 ng/ml. TSH is 2.5 mU/L. is within the normal limit. So I do not see any problem with regard to those two values. As regards dyslipidemia...
2 people found this helpful

How to reduce cholesterol? Do I have a 6-millimetre gully stone that would be better by medicine? The doctor has prescribed me urdohep 300 and atormac 10. I have been taking pills in the last 6 months.

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
Atormac is required after a block, seldom helpful before any blockage. Cholesterol should be reduced only if it remains consistently above 300.
1 person found this helpful

I am 35 years old and got tg of 450, doctor prescribed turbovas f for 2 months and then advised to repeat the tests. Will I have to take the medicine for life term?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in EP
Cardiologist, Delhi
avoid medicines. This is a diet related problem. make a list of food items that are converted to triglycerides by liver . These items can be reduced and items that do not go to liver for manufacture of triglycerides can be increased. In general, l...
5 people found this helpful

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