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Overview

Benefits of Bay Leaves And Its Side Effects

The health benefits of Bay leaves are such that it helps in improving digestive health, treats respiratory conditions, improves hair health, has anti-inflammatory activity, improves heart health, helps in cancer prevention, reduces anxiety and stress, helps in diabetes management, used in treatment of menstrual problems, helps in inducing sleep, used as an insect repellent, used in treatment of dandruff and hair loss.

Benefits of Bay Leaves And Its Side Effects

Table of Content

Bay Leaves
Nutritional Value of Bay Leaves
Health Benefits of Bay Leaves
Helps in improving digestive health
Helps to treat respiratory conditions
Helps in improving hair health
Anti-inflammatory activity
Helps in improving heart health
Helps in cancer prevention
Reduces Anxiety and Stress
Diabetes Management
Treatment of Menstrual Problems
Helps in inducing sleep
As an insect repellent
Treatment of Dandruff and Hair Loss
Uses of Bay Leaves
Side-Effects & Allergies of Bay Leaves
Cultivation of Bay Leaves

Bay Leaves

Bay leaf which is also called laurel leaf is the leaf of the sweet bay tree (Laurus nobilis), an evergreen tree of the family Lauraceae and is indigenous to countries bordering the Mediterranean. A popular spice used in pickling and marinating and to flavour stews, stuffings, and fish, bay leaves are delicately fragrant but have a bitter taste. They contain approximately 2% essential oil, the principal component of which is cineole. The smooth and lustrous dried bay leaves are usually used whole and then removed from the dish after cooking. They are sometimes marketed in powdered form. Bay has been cultivated since the ancient times.

Nutritional Value of Bay Leaves

100 grams of bay leaves contains 313 kcal of energy, 7.6 grams of proteins, 5.4 grams of water, 75 grams of carbohydrates, 26 grams of dietary fibre, 8.4 grams of total fat (out of which saturated fat is 2.3 grams, monounsaturated fat is 1.6 grams, polyunsaturated fat is 2.3 grams, omega-3 fatty acids is 1.1 grams and omega-6 fatty acids is 1.2 grams). The vitamins present are Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate. Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc, Copper, Manganese and Selenium are the minerals present in bay leaves.

Health Benefits of Bay Leaves

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Bay Leaves
Health Benefits of Bay Leaves

Helps in improving digestive health

Bay leaves have a very strong effect on the gastrointestinal system, both stimulating urination as a diuretic, which decreases the toxicity of the body and also stimulating vomiting (as an emetic) when something toxic has been consumed. Furthermore, the organic compounds found in bay leaves are very effective for settling upset stomachs, soothing irritable bowel syndrome, or even lessening the symptoms of Celiac’s disease. Some of the more complex proteins in modern diet can be difficult to digest, but the unique enzymes found in bay leaves help to facilitate efficient digestion and nutrient intake.

Helps to treat respiratory conditions

When the essential oil of bay leaves is extracted, it can be mixed into a salve and applied to the chest to help alleviate various respiratory conditions. This can also be achieved with a poultice made of the leaves. It is spread on the chest and allowed to remain overnight. Inhaling the vapours has a similar effect to aromatherapy and can loosen up phlegm and eliminate harmful bacteria that may be trapped in the respiratory tracts. This is due to its natural antibacterial quality.

Helps in improving hair health

In order to improve the health of the hair follicles and eliminate dandruff, bay leaves are steamed in water and then rubbed on the scalp after shampooing. The chemicals and volatile ingredients in bay leaves can help to eliminate dry skin and dandruff.

Anti-inflammatory activity

One of the most important benefits of bay leaves is their ability to reduce inflammation throughout the body. Bay leaves contain a unique phytonutrient, called parthenolide, which can quickly reduce inflammation and irritation when topically applied to the affected areas, such as sore joints or areas affected by arthritis. This effect can also be achieved through normal consumption of bay leaf spice.

Helps in improving heart health

Caffeic acid and rutin are both important organic compounds found in the bay leaves that enhance heart health. Rutin strengthens capillary walls in the heart and the body’s extremities, while caffeic acid can help eliminate “bad” cholesterol from the cardiovascular system.

Helps in cancer prevention

The unique combination of antioxidants and organic compounds in bay leaves, including phytonutrients, catechins, linalool, and parthenolide, helps to protect the body from the effects of free radicals. Free radicals can cause healthy cells to mutate into cancerous cells, which bay leaves are particularly adept at preventing.

Reduces Anxiety and Stress

One of the least commonly known benefits of bay leaves is their naturally soothing quality. Linalool is often associated with thyme and basil, but it is also present in bay leaves and can help to lower the level of stress hormones in the body, especially when used in aromatherapy. Excess stress hormones can be dangerous for long-term health, so bay leaves can help you calm down and remain relaxed even in your most high-anxiety moments.

Diabetes Management

Bay leaves have been directly connected with improved insulin receptor function and regulated blood sugar levels. For patients at risk of developing diabetes or for those who have already developed the condition, regular consumption of bay leaves can significantly lower the chances of diabetic episodes.

Treatment of Menstrual Problems

Bay leaves, when taken orally, can induce regular and normal menstruation. They also have the property of curing vaginal discharge.

Helps in inducing sleep

Consumption of bay leaves at bedtime helps to induce proper sleep. For this purpose, a few drops of the bay leaf extract is mixed with water and consumed.

As an insect repellent

Bay leaves are a great insect repellent as they contain lauric acid. A dish of bay leaves can ward off insects. A paste made from crushed leaves and little oil relieves stings and bites when applied topically.

Treatment of Dandruff and Hair Loss

A rinse made from infused bay leaves is effective in treating dandruff. Bay leaf tea is considered a great remedy for hair loss. Bay leaf oil is a tonic for hair that effectively combats dandruff and hair loss.

Uses of Bay Leaves

Bay leaves are used as flavouring in soups, stews, meat, fish, sauces and in confectionaries. Both leaves and fruits possess aromatic, stimulant and narcotic properties. The essential oil from the leaves is also used as spice and food flavouring agent and has wider application in traditional medicines of different countries. The major functional properties are anti-microbial, anti-fungal, hypoglycaemic, anti-ulcerogenic etc.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Bay Leaves

Bay leaf and bay leaf oil is likely safe for most people in food amounts. Taking the whole, intact leaf by mouth is likely unsafe. The leaf can’t be digested, so it remains intact while passing through the digestive system. This means it can become clogged in the throat or pierce the lining of the intestines.

Bay leaf might interfere with blood sugar control. Hence monitoring blood sugar closely is needed if one has diabetes and is using bay leaf as a medicine.

Bay leaf might slow down the central nervous system (CNS). There is a concern that it might slow down the CNS too much when combined with anaesthesia and other medications used during and after surgery. Using of bay leaf as a medicine should be stopped at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Cultivation of Bay Leaves

Bay leaf tree was probably first grown in Asia Minor. Today, the laurel tree grows all over the Mediterranean. Turkey is one of the main exporters. Because of its poor resistance to freezes, laurel cannot be grown outdoors in more Northern regions (except some fortunate parts of Britain, I have been told). Contrary to some other originally Mediterranean plants, the common cultivation in medieval monasteries has not lead to more hardy breeds.

Popular Questions & Answers

Please read it carefully. I am facing the problem of hair fall as well as dandruff. There is minor hair fall but the dandruff particles are extremely big in size and is present in large amount. There is continuous itching and irritation in the scalp .There has been no improvement even after me trying a lot of shampoos. PLEASE HELP!

MD(Am)
General Physician, Secunderabad
Selsun shampoo. Twice a week. But you need to leave shampoo. Minimum 5 minutes on scalp. Scalp shampoo. Twice a week. Same procedure Candid-b. Lotion. Once a day. Over night.
1 person found this helpful

Sir. Meri ek bhut buri aadat h ki m din m 3 bar hand practise krta hu. M es aadat ko leave krna chahta hu. Jo mujse ni ho rha. Is ki vajha se m bhut presan rhta hu. please help me. And tell me its side effects.

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
You have to try and leave this habit as it may effect your sexual life in future. Try and keep yourself busy. Spend more time with family and friends. Try not to keep yourself alone. The only way to stop this habit is practicing self control.
1 person found this helpful

I just want ask doctors that which is the best oil for decreasing hair loss and to increase hair density please tell me because I am facing too much problem of hair loss.

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
1.Sulphur may help you grow new hair so take more Garlic, onion, eggs 2.Keep scalp clean 3.Do dry massage of scalp for 10 mts 4.Apply coconut oil to the scalp at night and wash in the morning 5.Treat dandruff with ketoconazole shampoo twice a week 6.If no dandruff use vatika shampoo 7.Take good healthy nutritious diet including fruits and vegetables- Eggs, Cheese ,Cauliflower ,Whole Grain atta, berries, mushrooms, banana, carrot ,peanut (good source of biotin vit B7) 8.Curry leaves extract (boiling in water and taking that water) 9.Do not apply any gel/lotion /any other chemical on scalp 10.Get thyroid t3 t4 tsh tested medicine can not be advised for open question for medicine contact on private chat good luck.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor im 24 years female from bangalore im going through huge number of hair loss daily kindly suggest me what should I do further to resolve this issue. Thank you.

MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga, PGDM
Homeopath, Indore
Hair tips for better hair growth 1. Having a healthy diet - Having a diet which is full of protein, vitamins and minerals is an important aid towards having healthier hair growth. Consume food which is high in vitamin A, B, C and E. Vitamin B-complex is another very effective vitamin for promoting hair growth. For the minerals, try and consume iron, copper, zinc, selenium and magnesium. Walnuts, beans, flax seeds are rich in omega 3 fatty acids which are great for hair growth You could also have some juices of fruits and veggies, like orange, grapefruit or carrot, lettuce and beet 2. Castor oil has a high content of vitamin E and essential fatty acids, like omega 9. This is why it is an essential ingredient which helps to promote hair growth. Castor oil is too thick to be applied directly, which is why you must dilute it with oil like coconut, almond or olive. Massage your hair with the oil mix and leave it on for 30-45 minutes. You could also slightly get it heated. Shampoo your hair and condition as regular. 3. Regular scalp massage - When you massage your scalp, it promotes blood circulation which in turn stimulates our hair follicles. Along with that, deep condition the hair once a week with warm oil treatment or a deep conditioning hair mask. 4. Staying stress-less - Stress is one of the worst factors which contribute to hair loss. Stress disrupts the regular hair cycle and boosts strands of hair to fall out of place. You need to calm your senses and promote lesser stress! For handling stress, try and mediate, do breathing exercises or practice other relaxation techniques 5. Egg masks - Egg is an important ingredient from promoting better hair growth. They are full of protein and are added on with minerals like iron, sulfur, selenium, zinc, etc. Use an egg mask once or twice a month for promoting healthy hair and improved growth 6. Vitamin and herbal supplements - Supplements of folic acid, biotin, flaxseed oil, are some common elements for hair growth. Supplements of folic acid and biotin will have Vitamin B complex which aids to better hair growth. 7. Nourish hair with aloe vera - Aloe vera improves hair growth and protects from hair loss. You also reduce dandruff and restore the natural shine. Take fresh aloe vera gel and add some lemon juice to it Apply and let it soak for 20 minutes Shampoo the hair and repeat once a week 8. Be hydrated, have proper sleep, do oil your scalp twice a week for more queries, contact us.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Dyspareunia Painful Intercourse And Its Herbal Treatment

MD- Ayurvedic Pathology
Ayurveda, Amritsar
Dyspareunia Painful Intercourse And Its Herbal Treatment

Female dyspareunia refers to painful intercourse. It is estimated that 8 to 21% of women experience this at some point in their lives. Pain during or after intercourse is disturbing and restricts partners need for intimacy. It leaves the partners with an unpleasant experience and may lead to frustrations, anxiety and fear of sex. There is little awareness among couples about dyspareunia and thus a painful experience is sometimes confusing for the other partner and often invites fights and arguments rather than support and understanding.

Women with dyspareunia suffer pain in genitalia or deeper in the pelvis, vulva or vagina. It is more common among women after menopause; however, many women experience pain right from their first sexual attempt or just after initiation while some at deeper penetration.

Causes of dyspareunia could be medical, psychosocial or both. Medical conditions can be cured but often there are underlying personal and psychological factors which need to be addressed usually by counsellors or sexologists.

Diagnosis of the problem begins with a physical examination of the vulva. Apart from this an internal pelvic examination may also be required. A doctor takes into account the nature, extent and duration of pain in determining possible causes and deciding the mode of treatment. During interaction with the patient, various other psychosocial factors are also revealed that must be addressed for holistic treatment.

Medical conditions that could cause pain during or after intercourse are many including lesions, thin skin, scar tissues or ulcers. Infections like uti, herpes, yeast infections, chlamydia, trichomoniasis can also cause pain.

Treatment of infections is through drugs and creams.

  • Apart from this, infections of the fallopian tubes or conditions like ovarian cysts, fibroids, tumours or endometriosis could be a reason for deeper and intense pain. In most of the cases, panchkarma is the option.
  • Lack of oestrogen is another major cause for this type of pain. Oestrogen deficiency can cause lack of lubrication making vaginal area dry. This can cause painful friction during intercourse. Along with lubricants, a natural herbal treatment is given.
  • Apart from medical causes, fears or anxieties associated with sex can sometimes lead to pain. Lack of harmony in relationships can lead to loss of desire for sex leading to vaginal dryness and discomfort. A traumatic sexual experience of the past may also inhibit a partner to be at peace in the act and may invite psychosomatic problems. It is important for the partner to be sensitive and lend a hand of support. Understanding how a partner wishes to be caressed and touched and making efforts towards providing a sexually exciting experience can go a long way in removing partner’s inhibitions/fears and introducing positive sparks in the relationship. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult our herbal panchkarma experts.
6 people found this helpful

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne is one of the major problems faced by teenagers and young adults. When active, acne causes burning and pain on the skin. Once they dry off, they leave the scars and marks. However, with advancement in cosmetic surgery, there are a number of options available which can make the scars disappear almost completely.

How is it done?

  1. Laser/light procedure is used in a number of skin conditions, in addition to acne scar treatment. During the procedure, a beam of intense light is focused on the skin, which removes the acne scar without damaging the surrounding tissue.
  2. Laser is used in all kinds of acne, such as papules, pustules, whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules. Acne is caused by bacteria, and when a beam of laser is applied, these get activated, which damages the bacterial wall and kills the bacteria. The reduced amount of bacteria also reduces the severity of the acne. Laser also helps reduce the amount of sebum production, thereby reducing incidence of acne. Most people require about three settings with a month’s break in between. However, the exact treatment plan will depend on the location and intensity of acne and skin type.

Prior to the procedure:
Have a detailed talk with your surgeon on what to expect after the procedure, including potential risks and outcomes. It is important to keep the following things in mind to achieve the best outcome:

  1. Avoid sunbathing, waxing, and collagen injections for at least 10–15 days before the procedure.
  2. Avoid irritants in the area, including perfumes and deodorants while the treatment is on.
  3. Avoid medicines like aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements 2 weeks before the procedure, which may increase risk of bleeding .

Post treatment
Once you leave the clinic, the treated area may be pink or red for about 4 to 8 hours. There could be a slight prickly sensation on the treated area, with mild swelling, which will subside over the next few days. Cool packs or moist cloths can be used to reduce the sensation. A good moisturizer can also be used twice a day to soothe the skin. Makeup is to be used only after the redness and prickly sensation have subsided. The recovery period may take about weeks to months after the procedure, depending on the type of skin and acne.

Benefits
More and more people are choosing to go for laser therapy to get rid of their acne scars because of the following benefits—minimally invasive, is done in one sitting, reduced recovery time, reduced pain, and can be clubbed with other acne therapy modes. With the latest advancements, laser definitely is useful and has been successful in treating acne. So, your acne marks are sure to go away!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

13 people found this helpful

All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

Apollo Hospitals is among the few recognized transplantation centers in the country and has one of the largest transplantation registries. As liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure, the patients and family have quite a lot of concern areas. This broucher provides brief answer to frequently asked questions.

The information contain herein is of general nature and should not be construed as specific medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details.

GLOSSARY

  1. Ascites: A build up of fluid in the abdomen.
  2. Autoimmune: A condition that results when the bile ducts inside and outside the liver don’t have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver causing jaundice and cirrhosis. If this condition is present from birth then without surgery it may cause death.
  3. Biopsy: Removing a small piece of tissue to view under a microscope.
  4. Cirrhosis: A chronic liver condition cause by scar tissue and damage to cells. Cirrhosis makes it hard for the liver to remove poisons (toxins) like alcohol and drugs from the blood. These toxins build up in the blood and may affect the brain.
  5. Cyclosporine: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  6. Immunosuppressant: Medicines that stop your immune system from attacking bacteria viruses and transplanted organs.
  7. Jaundice: A symptoms of many disorders. Jaundice causes the skin and white of eyes to turn yellow.
  8. Mycophenolate mofetill: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  9. Sirolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  10. Steroids: A group of immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  11. Tacrolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.

What are the donor organ options that are used for transplantation in children?

  • Reduced size liver graft: a piece of a liver is taken from a beain-dead person(cadaver donor)
  • Living donor transplant: A piece of a liver from adult living donor and is used as a transplant for a child. Over the past 10 year, nearly 1000 of these transplants have been done throughout the world. They have been just as successful as transplants of whole organs. There are some risks of adult donation for transplant to a child. These risks seem to be much smaller than the risks of a living donor transplant to an adult.

Are there technical problems in doing a transplant on a child?

Yes. It is a little more difficult because the blood vessels are very small. Also, the care after surgery must be done in ICUs that can handle such small children.

Do children get the same ani-rejection drugs as adults?

In general, children get the same type of drugs that adults get. However, children may have different side effects. Therefore, only doctors who specialize in this field should handle the follow-up of children after transplants.

What makes a transplant successful?

First, you must have good medical care. Then, families and patients should make every effort to keep in touch with their medical terms. Children who get liver transplants will need to take drugs on schedule, see their doctor often and may need more procedures. All this will help to make transplants successful and will help to give long and healthy lives to the children. So make sure you stay in touch with your transplant team and follow their advice. Ask for counseling when you have any problems.

What does my liver do?

  • It helps digest your food
  • It clears some wastes from your blood
  • It makes proteins that help your blood to clot
  • It helps control the way your body, uses food and works with the body’s defense system
  • It helps use and store vitamins
  • It breaks down many drugs

What are the signs of liver problems?

Some signs of liver problems are:

  • Feeling weak and sick in your stomach and losing appetite
  • Muscle wasting(becoming skin and bones)
  • Fluid build-up in the abdomen(ascites)
  • Yellow skin and eyes(Jaundice)
  • Forgetfulness, confusion or coma(encephalopathy)
  • Swollen hands/ legs
  • Itching
  • Bruising, bleeding easily and nose bleeds
  • Blood in vomitus, bloody/ black bowel movements

What is liver transplantation?

Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one. This kind of surgery has been done for four decades. Across the world thousands of people have had liver transplants and now lead normal lives.

Being tired and losing your appetite can be signs of liver problems. Liver transplants can help adults and children.

PEDIATRIC LIVER TRANSPLANTAION

Liver transplantation is now one of the best treatments for fatal liver diseases in children. New drugs and ways of doing surgery have greatly improved patient survival rates. In the liver transplants for children, there are two main issues.

  1. What caused the liver failure in the first place?
  2. What is the severity of disease process and how soon does the child need a liver transplant.

Why do children need liver transplant?

  • Billiary artesia: This is a disease in which a child is born with no bile ducts. It is the most common reason for liver transplants in children
  • Problems in digesting and using food: ‘Inborn errors of metabolism’ including the following conditions:
  • Alpha-I-antitrypsin deficiency tyrosinemia and wilson’s disease.
  • Lipid storage(Gaucher’s disease, Niemann-pick disease, Wolman’s disease, cholesterol ester storage disease)
  • Carbohydrate storage diseases(galactoserria and glycogen storage diseases)
  • Liver Cancers: Some liver cancers are found only in children
  • Sudden liver failure: This is a sudden liver failure that can cause death. It can have many causes. Mostly it comes from too much paracetamol or other drugs. In this kind of liver failure, a liver transplant can cure the problem if done early.

What is involved in the donor-evaluation process?

Donors undergo a thorough check-up that includes:

  1. Blood tests: Determine donor’s blood type, to see that it matches that of the person in need of the transplant. Blood tests are done to test the donor’s liver, kidney, and thyroid. Other trests are done to check for viruses such as hepatitis and HIV(the virus that causes AIDS)
  2. Physical Examination: If donor and recipient blood types are a close match the donor will get physical examination.
  3. Ultrasound: An ultrasound is done for the liver, other organs and the blood vessels
  4. Other Tests: Such as MRI, and CT Scans, help to give a complete view of the donor’s organs
  5. Tests of the lungs and heart may also be done. It takes 2 to 4 days for a donor to go through these tests. In an emergency situation, it can be done in as little as 48 hours

For how long does the donor remain hospitalized?

Donors stay in the hospital for up to 7 days after surgery. They may spend their first night after surgery in the ICU. The nest day they often go to the general surgical floor where the nurses have experience in caring for liver donors. Donors are encouraged to get out of bed and walk as soon as they are able.

How long before the liver donor is fully recovered?

For the most part, it takes about 4 weeks to recover from surgery. In the month after leaving hospital donors return to the hospital regularly to be checked. Donors often get back to work within 3 to 6 weeks. The medical staff will let you know when it is safe to return to normal life.

What are the donor’s health care costs?

The health insurance of the person who gets the transplant covers the donor’s health care costs. This includes the costs of the check up, doctor’s fess, hospital costs, and follow-up visits after surgery.

What are the reasons for needing a liver transplant?

In adults, the most common reason for liver transplantation is Liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is caused by many different types of liver injuries that destroy healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissue. Cirrhosis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver disease, build-up of fat in the liver and hereditary liver diseases. Sometimes the cause of liver cirrhosis is not known.

In children, the most common reason for liver transplantation is a billiary atresia. Bile ducts, which are tubes that carry bile out of the liver, are missing or damaged in this disease and obstructed bile causes cirrhosis. Bile helps digest food.

Other reason for needing liver transplantation is certain liver cancers, benign liver tumors, and hereditary diseases.

Sudden or rapidly developing liver failure may sometimes affect children and adults. The common causes of certain viral illness and reaction to some medicines like excess does of pain killers and even certain herbal/ traditional medicines. A liver transplant can save a life if undertaken at the right time.

How will I know whether I need a liver transplant?

Based on your sickness and liver disease status, your doctor may recommend you to the liver transplant unit for further evaluation. You will meet the liver transplant team. The team is usually led by a liver transplant surgeon and includes liver specialists (hepatologists), nurses, and other health care professionals. The transplant team will arrange blood tests, x rays, and other tests to help make the decision about whether you need a transplant and whether a transplant can be carried out safely.

Other aspects of your health like the condition of your heart, lungs, kidneys, immune system, and mental health will also be checked to be sure you’re strong enough for surgery.

Can anyone with liver problems get transplant?

You cannot have transplant if you have

  • Cancer in another part of your body
  • Serious heart, lung or nerve disease
  • Active alcohol or illegal drug abuse
  • An active severe infection
  • Inability to follow your doctor’s instructions

How did living-donor liver transplantation begin and how common is it?

Living donor transplants were first done in children because of the long waiting period for cadaver organs and increasing death rate on the list. It was done in children in the 1980s and is now being done in adults for the last 8 years. In India because of relative lack of cadaveric organs, the majority of transplants are done using living donor organs.

Who can become a donor?

People who want to be liver donor are carefully checked to ensure that they can safely give a part of their liver and that their liver is healthy. The first concern is the safety of the donor as well as being sure that the graft will work for the person in need. The risks to the donor are real. Discuss this with your doctor. In general liver donors must:

  • Be good in health
  • Have a blood type that is a close match to the blood of the person in nedd.
  • Not have a selfish motive for donating

There should be no pressure of any kind on a person to donate part of his liver nor should there be any money given or received.

LIVING DONOR TRANSPLANTATION

What is a living donor liver transplant?

A living-donor transplant is when someone who is alive gives a part of his or her liver to a person who needs a transplant. Family members such as parents, sisters, brothers, adult children or someone close, such as a spouse, may offer to give part of his or her healthy liver. This can be done because a healthy liver can grow new tissues. After the transplant, the liver parts of both the donor and person in need will grow and form complete organs.

What are the benefits of living donor liver transplantation?

The best reason for living donor transplant is that it shortens the waiting time for a liver. The timing of the surgery can be planned. The chance for as successful transplant is increased. Today, thousands of patients await liver transplantation but only handful cadaveric organs become available every year. A living-donor transplant gives those in need an early transplant before their liver failure gets worse and their livers are in danger.

How long does it take to get a new liver?

If the transplant team recommends that you need a transplant, you will be counseled regarding your options of living donor liver transplant or cadaver liver transplant.

If you have a living donor in your family your waiting time could be as short as one week. The living donors and donated livers are tested before transplant surgery. The testing makes sure the liver is healthy, matches your blood type and is the right size so that it has the best chance of working in your body.

In case you do not have a living donor, your name will be placed on a waiting list with your consent. Your blood type, body size and how sick you are, plays a role in deciding your place on the list. Currently, the sickest people are at the top of the list, so you may have to wait your turn.

While you wait for a new liver you and your doctor should talk about what you can do to stron for the surgery. You will also start learning about taking care of a new liver.

Where do the livers for transplantation come from?

Whole livers come from people who are brain dead (heart beat still present). These people are on breathing machines in various hospital ICUs. This type of donor is called “cadaveric donor”. Alternatively, a healthy person in the family can donate a part of his or her liver for the patient with liver failure. This kind of donor is called a ‘living donor’. More information on living donor liver transplantation is included in the latter part of this booklet.

Financial resources/ Health Insurance

You should check to be sure that you will be able to cover the cost of liver transplantation and prescription medicines. You will need certain medicines after the surgery and some for the rest of your life. Check with your employer, health insurance policy or aid organizations if they can support you in part or full.

What happens in the hospital?

When a liver is available, you will be prepared for the surgery. If your new liver is from a living donor, both of you and the donor will be in surgery at the same time. If your new liver is from a person who has recently died, your surgery will start when the new liver arrives at the hospital.

Can I go back to my daily activities?

Yes. After a successful liver transplant, most people can go back to their normal daily activities. Getting your strength back will take some time, depending on how sick you were before the transplant.

You will need to check with your doctor on how long your recovery period will be

  • After recovery, most people are able to go back to work
  • Most people can go back to eating as they eat before. Some medicines may cause you to gain weight others may cause diabetes or rise in your cholesterol. Meal planning and a balance low fat diet can help you remain healthy.
  • Most people can engage in physical activity after a successful liver transplant
  • Most people returned to normal sex life after liver transplantation. It is important for a woman to avoid becoming pregnant in the first year after transplantation.

You should talk to your transplant team about sex and reproduction after transplantation.

If you have any questions, you may check with your doctor before starting any activity.

Eating a healthy diet and taking the medications are part of taking care of your new liver.

What are the other problems that can damage the liver transplant?

Return of the problem that made the transplant necessary in the first place in less than 10% of patients with liver transplants. Also hepatitis C virus may damage a transplant if the patient was infected before the operation took place.

Rarely occurring problems include:

  • Blockage of the blood vessels going into or out of the liver
  • Damage to the tubes that carry bile in to the intestine

What if the transplant doesn’t work?

About 90% transplanted livers are still working after 1 year and about 85% livers are working at 5 years after transplant. If the new liver does not work or if your body rejects it, your doctor and the transplant team will decide whether another transplant is necessary.

How do I take care of my liver after I leave the hospital?

After you leave the transplant center at the hospital, you will see your doctor often to be sure your new liver is working well. You will have regular blood tests to check that your new liver is not being damaged by rejection, infections or problems with blood vessels and bile ducts. You will need to avoid sick people and report any illness to your doctor. You will need to eat a healthy diet, exercise and not drink alcohol. You should only use medicines, including ones you can buy without a prescription, after counseling your doctor. It is important to do what your doctor says to take care of your new liver.

During Surgery

The surgery can take from 6 to 14 hours. While the surgeon removes your diseased liver, other doctors will prepare the new liver.

The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will put the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.

After Surgery

You will stay in the hospital for an average 2 to 3 weeks to be sure your new liver is working. You will take medicines to prevent rejection of your new liver and to prevent infections. Your doctor will check for bleeding, infections and rejection. During this time you will start to learn how to take care of yourself and use your medicines to protect your new liver after you go home.

In the hospital, you will start eating again. You will start with clear liquids, then switch to solid food as your new liver starts to work.

What are the likely complications following a liver transplant?

Minor wound infection and discharge of liquefied fat is seen in about 10% of people. This will settle with little or no intervention. Major wound infection needing another surgery is extremely rare.

By now you are aware that liver transplantation involves making a lot of connections. There is an extremely small chance that these connections can become too tight or too loose. We have a very highly trained team of doctors who are able to treat them with minimally invasive techniques without resorting to another surgery.

Hepatic Artery Thrombosis (HAT) / Clotting of the hepatic artery is a rare complication seen in less than 4% of the patients and portal vein thrombosis is even rarer and is seen in less than 1% of the patients. When identified, the clot will have to be removed and it will involve another surgery. In spite of all this, if we are not successful, re-transplantation will be necessary.

What is rejection?

Rejection occurs when your body’s natural defenses, called the immune system, damage the new liver. Your immune system keeps you healthy by fighting against things that don’t belong in your body, such as bacteria and viruses. After a transplant, it is common for your immune system to fight against the liver and try to destroy it.

How is rejection prevented?

To keep your body from rejecting the new liver, you will have to take medicines. These drugs such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine, steroids, sirolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are called immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants weaken your immune system’s ability to reject your new liver.

Do immunosuppressants have any side effects?

Yes. You can get infections more easily because these drugs weaken your immune system. You will need to stay away from people who are sick. These drugs may also increase your blood pressure, cause your cholesterol to rise, cause diabetes, weaken your bones and may damage your kidneys in the long run. Steroid drugs may also cause changes in how you look by causing weight gain. Your doctor and the transplant team will monitor these effects and treat you for any complications that may occur.

What are the signs of rejection?

Doctors will check your blood for liver enzymes at the first sign of rejection. Often rejection does not make you feel ill. Sometimes rejections can cause- pain, fever, jaundice, and changes in liver function tests.

Often a liver biopsy is needed to diagnose rejection. For a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of the liver to examine under a microscope. Blood tests will show if the new liver is being rejected.

Why liver is an important organ of the body?

The liver is one of the largest organs in your body. It helps digest the food you eat and convert it into energy. It also helps fight infections and cleans your blood, thus making it a very vital organ.

How lifestyle can affect the health of liver?

Due to our changing life style patterns, alcohol is consumed either as a status symbol or to cope up with stress. Alcohol puts a lot of stress on the liver, such continuous state of stress usually results in liver damage.

What are the different common diseases related to liver?

Cirrhosis, Viral hepatitis (Most common form across the world are Hepatitis A, B & C), fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disorders are the common disease of liver.

What is a liver transplant and why is it done?

Simply put ‘Liver Transplantation’ is surgery to remove a diseased or injured liver and replace it with a healthy one from another person, also called as a donor.In adults, the most common reason for needing a liver transplant is ‘Cirrhosis’. This is caused by various different types of diseases which destroy the healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissues.

What are the types of liver transplants?

There are two types of liver transplants – Living Donor and Deceased Donor Transplants. In case of the 'living donor' Liver Transplant, a portion of Liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in the recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, the liver regenerates to necessary size in about 6 to 8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate. In deceased donor liver transplants, the donor is a brain dead person.

How much time is needed for patient to recover after liver transplant?

Recovery time ranges from 1 to 2 weeks. Proper care, follow-up and life-long medications are required for the new Liver to function properly.

Can liver grow back to normal after the transplant?

Yes. Liver is the only organ which can regenerate in case of living donor liver transplant, a portion of liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, liver regenerates to necessary size in 6-8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate liver in this case.

What does Sahyadri Hospital has in offering for Liver care?

Sahyadri Hospitals has an A-Z Liver Wellness Clinic dedicated for management of all types of diseases related to Liver, Pancreas, Bile ducts & Gall bladder. It Offers state-of-the-art facilities for Liver, Kidney & Pancreas Transplant with 24/7 availability of dedicated multi-disciplinary ‘Liver Team’, including Hepatologist, Critical Care Physicians and Liver Transplant Surgeons, a well-equipped Intensive care unit with dedicated nurses, physiotherapist and nutritionist.

What are the major risks in donating?

As with any major surgery, there will be pain from the incision, which will get better with time. Other risks to the donor include bleeding, infection, and temporary bile leaks. Fatalities in transplantation have been reported from certain transplant centers in the world but it is rare. Most have full recoveries and are healthy. Discuss regarding risk to the donors with your transplant surgeon.

What happens during donor surgery?

The incision is the shape of mirror image of ‘L’. The gallbladder is always removed. The donor’s liver is split into two parts. One part is removed for the transplantation. The surgeon then closes the wound with sutures and staples. There are later removed at a follow-up visit to the surgeon’s office. The liver begins to heal and grow new tissue. It takes about 8-21 weeks for the liver to grow back to its normal size.

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Penis Health: Consider These 6 Indirect Factors

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Penis Health: Consider These 6 Indirect Factors

When it comes to penis health, most men know the basics: wash well, wear protection and engage in frequent solo or partner play. If a man isn't aware of factors that indirectly impact his penis health, though, the more direct approaches will only do so much good. A healthy sex life is key to mental and physical well-being, so men should make it a priority to educate themselves concerning the many ways in which they can promote a healthy manhood, which means knowing the habits that can harm the member.

Smoking

Cigarettes are known for calming nerves, but they do so in a detrimental way. Chemicals in cigarette smoke actually damage nerves in the body and interfere with their ability to experience pleasurable sensations. That's a big problem when it comes to the penis.

But that's not all. Cigarette smoke negatively impacts circulation. Erectile health hinges on proper blood flow through the body, since erections are caused by blood rushing into the penis. In studies, smokers have exhibited poorer erection quality than non-smokers. Quitting can reverse the damage.

Alcohol

A night of heavy drinking can hamper a man's erectile strength by dampening his ability to sense pleasure. It can also interfere with the body's ability to hold blood in the penis for a strong erection due to alcohol's effects on blood vessels. Chronic heavy drinking may inhibit proper testosterone production; this hormone is imperative for erectile ability and sex drive. Heavy drinkers also have a higher rate of depression, which is no good for the sex drive.

Poor dental hygiene

Taking care of one's teeth is not only important from an aesthetic standpoint; poor dental hygiene often corresponds with a buildup of bacteria caused by gum disease, and this bacteria gets into the blood stream where it damages blood vessels. In the penis, this can translate to poor erectile health as vessels are less capable of supporting proper circulation.

Diet

A diet high in fats and sugars and low in nutrients doesn't promote healthy circulation, and can mess with one's energy levels. Follow the basics: plenty of fruits and vegetables of a variety of colors and lean proteins; limit fats and sugars.

Lack of exercise

Cardiovascular exercise is necessary for healthy circulation, as it works the heart to help it pump blood more efficiently. Sitting around all day can leave a man sluggish and, over time, in poor cardiovascular health.

Excess exercise

Guys who over-train by hitting the gym nearly every day, pushing themselves to the limit and beyond, may be damaging their sex lives. That's because those who over-train have an excess of the stress hormone cortisol in their bodies, and this hormone has an inverse relationship with testosterone; the more of the former, the less of the latter.

Avoiding these indirect penis problem-causers requires no special effort, as these same factors lead to several other health problems as well. Avoiding them is part of a healthy lifestyle in general, so guys who attend to their overall well-being are likely covered in the penis and sexual health areas.

There are several things guys can do for penile health that involve the member directly. Along with the basics mentioned at the beginning above, a less obvious one is the use of a penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil).This skin care product for men contains natural moisturizers to keep the penile skin resilient against friction and chafing, as well as L-arginine, which promotes penile blood vessel openness and, in turn, healthy blood flow. Using a product like this daily can give a man the extra boost he needs to feel good about what he's got and know he's treating it the best he can.

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Home Remedies For Diabetes

Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS), bachelor Of Science in Nursing
Yoga & Naturopathy Specialist, Ahmedabad
Home Remedies For Diabetes


Natural hone remedies to treat diabetes at home

Diabetes treatment: 15 home remedies to treat diabetes at home (thinkstock photos/getty images)

India is said to be the diabetes capital of the world. With nearly 50 million people in india suffering from diabetes, the country has a big challenge to face. First, let's know what is diabetes. The elevated sugar in the blood is called diabetes. There are two primary reasons behind diabetes - one is when our body stops producing insulin and second is when the body does not respond to insulin that is produced by the body. Insulin is broken down by the body and used as energy, which is transported to the cells. There are two types of diabetes - type I diabetes and type ii diabetes. Let's know about them in a little detail: 

Type I diabetes 


Type I diabetes usually occurs in people who are below the age 20 and that is why it is also called as juvenile diabetes. In this type, the body becomes partially or completely unable to produce insulin. Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease. In this, your immune system attacks the pancreas from where the insulin is produced, thereby making the pancreas inefficient or unable to produce insulin. Type I diabetes cannot be prevented, it can only be controlled with healthy lifestyle changes.

Type ii diabetes

Type ii diabetes is more common than type I diabetes in india. Type ii diabetes usually happens to people who are above the age of 40. This type of diabetes is caused due to insulin resistance. In this case, the pancreas produces insulin but the body is not able to respond to it properly. There can be many reasons behind type ii diabetes. Some of the reasons can be being overweight, high blood pressure, having a poor diet, taking too much stress, hormone imbalance, certain medications and leading a sedentary lifestyle. Though type ii diabetes can be reversed. 

Let's us know some natural ways by which we can treat diabetes at home: 

What not to eat: 

There are some foods which can negatively impact your diabetes. So, the first thing you need to do is to remove these foods from your diet. 


1. Refined sugar - we all know that sugar, until it is in its most natural form, is bad for people suffering from diabetes. When consumed, refined sugar spikes the blood sugar rapidly. Sometimes even the natural form like honey can cause a sudden spike in the blood sugar levels. So, it's better to avoid refined sugar by all means if you are a diabetic. 


2. Whole grains - grains that have gluten in them should be avoided. Gluten is associated with diabetes as its intake can cause leaky gut leading to inflammation which in turn can lead to auto immune diseases. 


3. Alcohol - alcohol consumption is directly related to diabetes. Alcohol not only damages your liver but also attacks the pancreas that produces insulin. Diabetes is linked with consumption of heavy alcohol which is two to three glasses a day. Beer should especially be avoided as it has a lot of carbohydrates. 


4. Cow's milk - just like whole grains, cow milk can trigger the immune system which can lead to inflammation. Milk coming from sheep and goat is not harmful in fact it helps to maintain the blood sugar level. But the conventional cow milk can be dangerous for you if you are suffering from diabetes. 


5. Gmo foods - gmo foods have the capability to promote diabetes along with causing liver and kidney diseases. Go for products which are labeled as gmo-free. 

What to eat and do 

Cinnamon 

Cinnamon contains a bioactive compound that can help to fight and prevent diabetes. Cinnamon is known to stimulate the insulin activity and thus regulate the blood sugar level. As excess of anything is bad, likewise cinnamon if taken in excess can increase the risk of liver damage due to a compound called coumarin present in it. The true cinnamon, not the one buy from shops (cassia cinnamon) is safer to have.

How to consume cinnamon 

- mix half or one teaspoon of grounded cinnamon with warm water and have it once daily. 

- boil raw cinnamon in 2 glasses of water. Let it cool for 30 minutes and have it daily.

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is easily found in indian households. Though it's bitter in taste, but combing it with buttermilk makes it taste better. Usually, aloe vera is used for beauty purposes but as it has anti-inflammatory properties it can heal the wounds. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it is said to control the blood sugar levels. 

Jamun 

Jamun and its leaves have proven to be helpful in lowering the blood sugar levels. Consuming approximately 100 grams of jamun every day is said to show tremendous improvement in your blood sugar levels.

Vitamin c

Vitamin c is not only good for skin but also for diabetes. Recent studies have shown that consuming approximately 600 mg of vitamin c daily can improve the blood sugar level significantly. People who have chronic diabetes should consume foods rich in vitamin c every day. Some foods rich in vitamin c are amla, orange, tomato and blueberry. 

Exercise

One of the main reasons behind type ii diabetes is being overweight. Any kind of physical activity, be it yoga, zumba, aerobics, gymming, playing sports can significantly improve blood sugar level by maintaining your weight. Not only this, walking every day can help to reduce the blood sugar level tremendously. 

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Table of Content

Bay Leaves
Nutritional Value of Bay Leaves
Health Benefits of Bay Leaves
Helps in improving digestive health
Helps to treat respiratory conditions
Helps in improving hair health
Anti-inflammatory activity
Helps in improving heart health
Helps in cancer prevention
Reduces Anxiety and Stress
Diabetes Management
Treatment of Menstrual Problems
Helps in inducing sleep
As an insect repellent
Treatment of Dandruff and Hair Loss
Uses of Bay Leaves
Side-Effects & Allergies of Bay Leaves
Cultivation of Bay Leaves