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Overview

Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test

Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test

also known as: Campylobacter pylori , Campylobacter From Stomach , H pylori Stool Antigen , Culture, Helicobacter pylori

A Helicobacter pylori antigen test is used to determine if a patient is infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori is a bacteria that grows in the digestive tract and attacks the stomach walls causing ulcers in the stomach and in the intestines. This bacteria causes peptic ulcers and gastritis. To avoid and/or cure the following diseases, early detection is a must. The Urea Breath Test is one of the many effective ways of antigen detection. The patient is to swallow a pill containing urea made from a carbon isotope. If H. pylori is present, it will breakdown urea into carbon dioxide that is absorbed by the stomach and eliminated upon exhalation. It is, then, collected and measured.

The patient is asked to fast for at least one hour before the test. Only water is allowed to be consumed by the patient. Avoids taking of antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors and bismuth preparations for two (2) weeks before the procedure. Do not test before four (4) weeks after H. pylori treatment. Before the testing, the patient is asked to take H2 antagonist (Tagamet, Zantac, Pepcid and Axid) or antacids (Tums, Rolaids and Maalox).

It helps in the early detection of the bacteria to avoid progression peptic ulcer or gastritis. It is the method of choice for patients who do not want to undergo invasive procedures for diagnosis. It is shortens the processing time. It also checks the patient’s treatment status, if it is successful or if the patient needs further therapy.

This procedure is done in the laboratory using UBT-KIT for H. pylori. Baseline breath sample is required before taking the capsule with urea. Patient swallows a urea labelled with an isotope. It can be a radioactive carbon-14 or non-radioactive carbon-13. For the next 10-30 minutes, isotope-labelled carbon dioxide is exhaled and detected. For carbon-14, scintillation is used for measurement. For carbon-13, it is detected by isotope ratio mass spectrometry or by mass correlation spectrometry. Results from the pretesting and post testing are compared.

Specimen
Stool
Volume
2 g (thumbnail size portion of stool), 2 mL liquid stool
Container
Sterile screw-cap vial (Para-Pak® white clean vial).
Type Gender Age-Group Value
Helicobacter Pylori Antigen
Unisex
All age groups
detected in positive cases
Average price range of the test is between Rs.1500 to Rs.4000 depending on the factors of city, quality and availablity.

Table of Content

What is Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test?
Preparation for Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test
Uses of Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test
Procedure for Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test
Specimen Requirements
Normal values for Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test
Price for Helicobacter Pylori Antigen Test
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Popular Questions & Answers

HIV P24 Antigen & Antibody test is negative (0.24) after 3 months .STI (VDRL) test is non reactive also But Penis tip & below tip is till itching & paining. What is the problem?

HIV P24 Antigen & Antibody test is negative (0.24) after 3 months .STI (VDRL) test is non reactive also But Penis tip...
It may be a non venereal skin disease.. better consult with proper photos... for homoeoapthic treatment... YOu may take homoeopathic medicine Thuja 30 tds for 1 day..

"The potency of the vaccine will be for one year" This is for H1N1 vaccine. Does this mean that the effectiveness of this vaccine is for a year only and one needs to take this vaccine each year?

"The potency of the vaccine will be for one year" This is for H1N1 vaccine. Does this mean that the effectiveness of ...
Influenza vaccines are usually given for a year only because of antigenic variation and drift they make not work on every strain. Thats why flu shots are given every year.

Asking how diagnosed Helicobacter Heilmannii can be treated in a 16 year female with allergy to amoxicillin.

Asking how diagnosed Helicobacter Heilmannii can be treated in a 16 year female with allergy to amoxicillin.
Homoeopathy is ideal for all ages for most of ailments acting a better substitute for antibiotics, anti allergic & other kinds of medicine. Today most common problem especially in children is cold & cough which is due to lack of IMMUNITY to fight against infections in our surroundings. Homoeopathy acts as a best source of medicine to boost immunity & fight against infections. Homoeopathy also offers treatment in all allergic, acute & long lasting chronic diseases by improving immunity. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects

I am 46 years old lady and while swallowing any type of food I am having a burning sensation along my food pipe. This has been happening for the past 6 months. Initially for 2 month it wasn't that painful and the burning sensation lasted till the chest but then the pain started to increase and it now it reached near my stomach. I went to a doctor and they said to do an endoscopy test but the tests came out to be normal. Since then they have been giving me tablets for gas but it is still burning what should I do?

I am 46 years old lady and while swallowing any type of food I am having a burning sensation along my food pipe. This...
You are having a condition called as reflux oesophagits. Meaning the acid secreted in the stomach is passing in the reverse direction in to the food pipe, so the above feeling. So the doctor must have given you medicines for reduction of the quantity of acid secreted in your stomach. But you need to see the acid to pass down in to the intestines rather than in the reverse direction. To achieve that you need to have some life style changes. They are give a gap of atleast 2 hours between your dinner and sleep. Slightly raise the head end of your bed. You need to have regular physical exercise like pranayama including kapalabati/yoga or atleast simple walking for 1 hour in the morning. Take atleast 3 litres of water in the day. Include plenty of leafy vegetables/ salad of raw vegetables with each meal. Avoid junk food/outside food. If you are constipated then get treated for the same. If you can come back with your endoscopy report and whether you are tested for H.Pylori along with it. We will be able to give further advise. Good luck.
3 people found this helpful

My platelets count is 0.93 lakh/cmm and my dengue profile test had been taken which shows negative result. What should I do now? Dengue Ns 1 antigen -negative Dengue antibody igS-negative.

My platelets count is 0.93 lakh/cmm and my dengue profile test had been taken which shows negative result. What shoul...
You start taking juice of Desi Papaya leaf about 1/2 daily empty stomach before breakfast for at least 15 days than get Platelets count done to access improvements than follow the dose accordingly.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Alopecia Areata(Patchy Hair Loss) - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It?

Alopecia Areata(Patchy Hair Loss) - How Homeopathy Helps Treat It?

Alopecia word meaning is loss of hair and areata meaans in patches.Hence Alopecia areata means loss of hair in patches.The bald patches occur very quickly, are round or oval in shape and have sharply defined margins.The affected scalp area either looks normal or has a glossy apperence.Alopecia areata(patchyhair loss) can occur anywhere on the skin but the scalp and beard area are the most common location.

Etiology:
Alopecia areata is considered to be an auto immune problem and that can be triggered by bacterial or viral infections,severe stress,trauma to the skin,vaccinations or  exposure to any substance that caan become an antigen to the body.oftenly it is found that Alopecia areata is assoisiated with other Auto immune conditions such as vitiligo (Leucoderma),Thyroid problem,Rheumatoid Arthritis,Pernicious Anemia and Diabetes mellitus. About 40-50% of patient with Alopecia areata also have history of atopic diseases such as skin allergies,Asthma.Genetic and familial dispostion also seems to play a role in alopecia areata.
 
Complications:

If left untreated Alopecia Areata may progress further upto Alopecia totalis i.e complete loss of hair in scalp and alopecia universalis i.e complete loss of hair in scalp, eyebrows, beard and all over the body.
 
Treatment:
Conventional treatment of Alopecia areata include use of corticosteroids,application of minoxidil solution 5 % etc., but none of them prevent formation of new patches and actually curing the disease from its root cause.Homeopathic medicines selected after a full indivualization,symptoms and case analysis which includes physical and mental symptoms and constitution as well gives good and long lasting results.Homeopathic medicines commonly found useful in this conditions are phosphorus, Flouric Acid ,lycopodium, Selenium etc.
 
Along with medications some Lifestyle modifications such as practising de stressing activity  such as doing yoga and pranayam daily for 10-15 minutes, avoiding non veg items esp red meat such as pork, mutton, beef, use of green tea is also helpful. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Homeopath.

4566 people found this helpful

All About Typhoid Fever!

What is typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever or enteric fever is a digestive tract infection in which there is fever, headache, and abdominal pain or discomfort. It is very common in developing countries like india.

What are the causes and risk factors?
Typhoid fever is caused by a bacterium called salmonella typhi which is transmitted through contaminated water or food (feco-oral or urine-oral route).

Risk factors include:

  • Travelling to areas where typhoid fever is a common disease.
  • Being in a profession where contamination with bacteria is likely. Like those working in laboratories.
  • Coming in close contact with a person suffering from typhoid.
  • Drinking/ eating contaminated water or food.

How will you know if you have typhoid fever?
Signs and symptoms develop gradually over the period of 10-14 days after exposure to the bacteria.
Signs and symptoms include an irregular fever that can go up to 104.9 ˚f (40.5 ˚c), headache, pain in abdomen, tiredness, muscle pain, loss of appetite, nausea, constipation or diarrhoea, skin rash.

How is typhoid fever diagnosed?
Your doctor will do a physical examination and carry out some tests.
Physical findings in early stages include abdominal tenderness, enlarged spleen and liver, enlarged lymph nodes, and development of a rash (also known as rose spots because of their appearance).

Investigations include:

  • Blood tests: typhidot test igm and igg antibodies, blood culture to test for salmonella typhi.
  • Stool and urine analysis
  • Bone marrow culture: it is the most sensitive test, but it is rarely required except in patients who have already received antibiotics and not getting any better.
  • Widal antigen test: this test can be done, but there is a longer waiting phase of about 10 days till results can be seen, it is time-consuming and could give false positive results.

What is the treatment for typhoid fever?

What are the complications of typhoid fever?
If not treated and sometimes even after treatment, there can be serious complications due to typhoid like pneumonia, meningitis (inflammation of meninges of brain), infection in bones (osteomyelitis), intestinal perforation and intestinal haemorrhage.

A doctor needs to be consulted if a person starts developing the symptoms few days after travelling to a place where typhoid is prevalent.

How can typhoid fever be prevented?

  • Typhoid fever can be prevented by improving sanitation facilities and drinking clean drinking water.
  • Always wash your hands with soap and warm water after using restrooms, before eating or cooking food.
  • Maintaining optimum personal hygiene is the key to preventing this disease.
  • Travellers should not drink untreated water; avoid adding ice to their drinks and should not eat ice creams or milk products or street foods that are a rich source of the infection.
  • Vaccines are available that give partial protection. Vaccines usually are reserved for those who may be exposed to the disease or are travelling to areas where typhoid fever is common.
19 people found this helpful

Hot & Spicy Food - Know The Good & Bad!

Hot & Spicy Food - Know The Good & Bad!

Hot and spicy foods can numb your senses, quite literally! In every nook and corner, you will find people salivating over hot and spicy foods. For long, people were of the belief that such foods only harm your system, inviting unwanted health complications and disorders. Most parents try their best to keep their children away from such foods. But every cloud has a silver lining. Hot and spicy foods are not only about the cons.

Unfortunately, not many people are aware of the health benefits of hot and spicy foods. This article is an attempt to aware the readers of both the pros and cons of hot and spicy foods.
Health benefits associated with hot and spicy foods:

Hot and spicy foods, when consumed in moderation can work wonders for your system. Chillies, peppers, spices, the main ingredients which spice up a dish have many health benefits.

  1. Endorphins are your feel-good hormones. Together with serotonin, the hormones help to keep stress, anxiety, and depression at bay. They are great mood enhancers. Chilli peppers tend to elevate the levels of both these hormones in the body, helping you to fight stress better. Capsaicin, an important active component of chilli peppers has many advantages.
    • It plays a pivotal role in lowering the flu symptoms.
    • It has anti-carcinogenic properties.
    • It comes as a relief for people suffering from stomach ulcers. Capsaicin effectively gets rid of the bacteria H.pylori, which causes stomach ulcer (in most cases).
    • It also helps in lowering and maintaining the blood cholesterol level.
    • If you have been struggling to lose weight, then capsaicin is what the doctors have just advised. It acts as a catalyst, accelerating the metabolism, thus enabling the body in rapid burning down of calories.
  2. In general, having spices in your diet elevates the HCl secretion in the stomach, thereby improving the overall digestion process.
  3. Research suggest spicy foods can bring about a remarkable improvement in the circulation process.
  4. Spicy foods may be a blessing for your heart. As per research, spicy foods go a long way in lowering the cases of strokes or heart attacks.

An excess of anything is bad. With merits come the demerits.

  1. Heartburn is common in people who eat very hot and spicy foods.
  2. Very spicy foods can cause stomach problems, including a stomach upset, stomach pain, and in extreme cases, even diarrhea.
  3. If you are a night owl by force (sleep does not come easily to you), spicy foods will only worsen the situation. Having hot and spicy foods for dinner, or just before retiring to bed is sure to doom your sleep.
  4. Extremely spicy foods can cause inflammation of the lining of the stomach, resulting in Gastritis.
  5. People who love eating very spicy foods are more likely to suffer from acid reflux problems. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.
5995 people found this helpful

Gastric Cancer: Causes and Symptoms

Gastric Cancer: Causes and Symptoms

Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Stomach cancer is also known as 'Gastric cancer'. Like other diseases, it is crucial that it gets identified in the early stages and gets treated before it reaches the incurable stage. Like other forms of cancer, the exact cause of stomach cancer is still not yet known. However, certain things make stomach cancer more likely to happen.

The possible causes of stomach cancer are given below:

Some of these causes apply to nearly all forms of cancer. However, some of them only apply to stomach cancer.

  1. Smoking
  2. Obesity
  3. Bad diet
  4. Stomach surgery for an ulcer
  5. Type-A blood
  6. Epstein-Barr virus infection
  7. Genetics
  8. Asbestos
  9. Exposure to certain materials in certain industries
  10. Helicobacter pylori bacteria
  11. Gastritis
  12. Anemia
  13. Polyps 

Some of the symptoms of stomach cancer are:

Stomach cancer like all other forms of cancer has various stages and it is crucial that it is diagnosed in the early stages so that the progression of it is stymied. At first, the symptoms of stomach cancer include indigestion, loss of appetite, slight nausea, heartburn and the feeling of being bloated after a meal.

However, indigestion and heartburn, doesn't always mean that you have stomach cancer, but if these conditions persist, you should visit a doctor to rule out the possibility of stomach cancer.

The growth of the tumor in your stomach can lead to various serious symptoms too, such as:

  1. Stomach pain
  2. Heartburn
  3. Blood in your stool
  4. Weakness or exhaustion
  5. Vomiting
  6. Diarrhea and constipation
  7. Weight loss for no apparent reason
  8. Swelling in your stomach
  9. Trouble in swallowing
  10. Eyes and skin turn yellowish

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.

2028 people found this helpful

Stomach Cancer: What Are The Causes Behind?

Stomach Cancer: What Are The Causes Behind?

Cancer is one of the most fatal diseases in the world. Stomach cancer is also known as 'Gastric cancer'. Like other diseases, it is crucial that it gets identified in the early stages and gets treated before it reaches the incurable stage. Like other forms of cancer, the exact cause of stomach cancer is still not yet known. However, certain things make stomach cancer more likely to happen.

The possible causes of stomach cancer are given below:

Some of these causes apply to nearly all forms of cancer. However, some of them only apply to stomach cancer.

  1. Smoking
  2. Obesity
  3. Bad diet
  4. Stomach surgery for an ulcer
  5. Type-A blood
  6. Epstein-Barr virus infection
  7. Genetics
  8. Asbestos
  9. Exposure to certain materials in certain industries
  10. Helicobacter pylori bacteria
  11. Gastritis
  12. Anemia
  13. Polyps 

Some of the symptoms of stomach cancer are:

Stomach cancer like all other forms of cancer has various stages and it is crucial that it is diagnosed in the early stages so that the progression of it is stymied. At first, the symptoms of stomach cancer include indigestion, loss of appetite, slight nausea, heartburn and the feeling of being bloated after a meal.

However, indigestion and heartburn, doesn't always mean that you have stomach cancer, but if these conditions persist, you should visit a doctor to rule out the possibility of stomach cancer.

The growth of the tumor in your stomach can lead to various serious symptoms too, such as:

  1. Stomach pain
  2. Heartburn
  3. Blood in your stool
  4. Weakness or exhaustion
  5. Vomiting
  6. Diarrhea and constipation
  7. Weight loss for no apparent reason
  8. Swelling in your stomach
  9. Trouble in swallowing
  10. Eyes and skin turn yellowish. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gastroenterologist.
3355 people found this helpful