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Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Minoxidil is used in the treatment of hair growth and male pattern baldness. Minoxidil has no effect in receding hairline and baldness at the front part of the scalp. About 2 percent of Minoxidil is used in women who have thinning hair. Minoxidil needs to be applied topically on the skin. It falls under a category of drugs known as vasodilators.

On using Minoxidil you may experience certain side effects. These are skin rash, itchiness, acne, redness of the skin, a burning sensation on the scalp, facial hair growth and a sudden increase in hair loss. Certain rare reactions that may occur in case too much of Minoxidil is absorbed into the body are problems with eyesight, chest pain, fainting, dizziness, fast or irregular heartbeat, headache, lightheadedness, rapid weight gain and swelling.

Before using this Minoxidil you should notify your doctor if you:

  • Are allergic to Minoxidil or any other drugs, foods or substances.
  • Are taking any prescriptive or non-prescriptive drugs, herbal medications or dietary supplements.
  • Are pregnant, or are planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding a baby.
  • Are involved in activities that cause extreme sunlight exposure. Minoxidil may bring about skin sensitivity.
  • You have heart, kidney, liver or any scalp related diseases.

Minoxidil is sold as both a prescriptive or non-prescriptive medicine for the treatment of alopecia. It comes in a liquid form. Application entails you to apply it on your scalp twice a day. You should apply it as much as it is prescribed by your doctor or as written on the label. Visible results will only start to show after at least four months of usage. In certain cases, it can take up to one year as well. In case your side effects persist or worsen over time contact your health care provider right away.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Dermatologist before using this medicine.

Minoxidil is used to treat an increase in the blood pressure caused by genetic and/or environmental factors.


Minoxidil is used to prevent hair loss in males.
Not recommended in patients with known allergy to Minoxidil.
Not recommended in patients with condition Pheochromocytoma.
In addition to its intended effect, Minoxidil may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.

Irregular heartbeat

Major Common

Weight gain

Major Common

Chest pain

Major Less Common

Shortness of breath

Major Less Common

Redness of skin

Moderate Common

Swelling of feet or lower legs

Moderate Common

Tingling of hands and feet

Moderate Less Common

Eye irritation

Moderate Less Common

Increase hair growth on face, arms and back

Minor Common

Breast tenderness

Minor Less Common


Minor Less Common

How long is the duration of effect?

The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 1to 5 days.

What is the onset of action?

The effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 hour after an oral dose and 4 to 5 hours after topical application.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.

Is it habit forming?

No habit forming tendencies were reported.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

This medicine is known to excreted through breast milk. This medicine is not recommended for breastfeeding women.

Missed Dose instructions

The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.

Overdose instructions

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.


United States


Below is the list of medicines, which contains Minoxidil as ingredient
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Kivi Labs Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
East West Pharma
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
East West Pharma
Canixa Life Sciences Pvt
Maneesh Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Maneesh Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Prism Lifescience
Mankind Pharma Ltd
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Minoxidil is a vasodilator. It works by opening the potassium channels, causes hyperpolarization and dilation of arterioles. This effect will relax the smooth muscle and reduces peripheral vascular resistance, thus reduces the blood pressure. It stimulates the hair growth by prolonging the anagen phase of the hair growth by promoting the survival of human dermal papillary cells (DPCs)
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

Interaction with Disease


Information not available.

Interaction with Alcohol


Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.

Interaction with Lab Test


Information not available.

Interaction with Food


Information not available.

Interaction with Medicine


These medications may lower the blood pressure if taken together. Inform the doctor if you are receiving any central nervous system medication. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.


Corticosteroids like cortisone, dexamethasone, and prednisolone may reduce the effect of Minoxidil. Inform the doctor if you are receiving any of these medications and report if any symptoms of uncontrolled blood pressure. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.


These medications are not recommended together due to the risk of lowering the blood pressure. Any symptoms of change in the blood pressure should be informed to the doctor.
What are you using Minoxidil for?
How much was the improvement?
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 2 days
Within 2 hours
Within a day
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Twice a day
Not taking on daily level
Four times A Day
Thrice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With or without food
With Food
Empty stomach
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Eye irritation
Weight gain
Redness of skin
Chest Pain
Irregular Heartbeat
Swelling of feet
Shortness of Breath
No Side Effects
Tingling of hands and feet
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from hair dandruff and hair loss. Please give me suggestion for stop my hair fall. My age is 20 years.

Dermatologist, Delhi
I am suffering from hair dandruff and hair loss. Please give me suggestion for stop my hair fall. My age is 20 years.
HI Lybrate USER you can take our dandruff treatment which is result oriented treatment ,we can show uresults in single session as well.
1 person found this helpful

I am a 23 year old female suffering from intense hair loss. I have tried using minoxidil 5% topical solution and biotin supplements yet I didn't get much results. What should I do now?

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I am a 23 year old female suffering from intense hair loss. I have tried using minoxidil 5% topical solution and biot...
Hello, reduced hair density is caused due to stress & anxiety obstructing  growth of hairs affecting hair follicles & sebaceous glands resulting in hairloss, hence, you need to  regulate your life style, first. Go for meditation to reduce your stress to nourish hair follicles to check hairloss. Tk, plenty of water  to moisten your  scalp to check dandruff, inorder to condition hair follicles to check hairloss. Gastric disorder, triggers hair loss, hence, tk,  easily digestible diet on time to check gastric disorder. Avoid, junkfood,  alcohol & nicotine, scorching Sun & dust. Tk, homoeopathic medicine:@ Acid phos 1000-6 pills, wkly. @ Jabornady Q-20 drops with olive oil,  apply on scalp. You may opt 'hair loss package 'to ascertain a better result Tk, care.
2 people found this helpful

No beard even no hair follicle men can get benefits from minoxidil 5% can it help to grow beard in men can we use it for beard.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
No beard even no hair follicle men can get benefits from minoxidil 5% can it help to grow beard in men can we use it ...
pituitrin 30 one dose repeat after 15 days no further dose repeat after two month the same way tincture called Arnica Montana and mix 1 tsp in 1/2 cup of water and apply upon the face on the beard and the mustache area with a cotton swab The trichoactive lotion is to be used on face and trichoactive medicines is to be consumed to stimulate production of normal beard and mustache.

My hair is not gaining length as before. Especially on my front. What may be the reason?

General Physician, Nashik
My hair is not gaining length as before. Especially on my front. What may be the reason?
I appreciate your concern regarding hair fall. Hair fall is usually ascribed to multiple factors like diet and nutrition, hormones, stress, acute or chronic medical conditions, drugs,cosmetic products etc. From your description, it seems you might be having Telogen Effluvium, which is hairfall secondary to stress. If I were your dermatologist/trichologist, I would like to take through history including family history, history of recent major trauma/illness/stress/medications etc and recommend some basic investigations like CBC, blood sugar, Thyroid function test. Some other special investigations like trichogram and dermoscopy and further aid in diagnosis and prognosis. I would suggest you a course of oral tablets containing biotin and other essential vitamins and minerals for minimum 3 months. Also, would put you on solution containing 5%/10% minoxidil once a day and a hair serum containing peptides for hair growth at night.(Q sera etc). I would advise use of gentle shampoo and conditioner on regular basis and use of coconut oil twice a week. Also enquire from your dermatologist about upcoming treatment options like mesotherapy and platelet-rich plasma. Avoid combing in wet hair and let them dry by wrapping in towel. Avoid blow dryers and hair-color/dyes. Take plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet and try to de-stress your routine life.

Myself Ishan. Age 28. Im suffering from hair loss. Currently im on minoxidil treatment. But my hairline not getting as good as crown area.

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Myself Ishan. Age 28. Im suffering from hair loss. Currently im on minoxidil treatment. But my hairline not getting a...
For boosting hair growth,certain vitamins like Vitamin B, C, A, D and minerals like selenium, zinc, folic acid, iron and protein are required. You also require a good amount of Omega 3 fatty acids, which keep your hair scalp hydrated. Consuming foods having any or all of these nutrients are one of the solutions to long, healthy thick hair.You can take Wholegrains, like barley, oats, buckwheat, broken wheat, ragi, bajra ,Brown rice,Legumes like kidney beans, soy beans,dark green leafy vegetables ,eggs,carrots,tomatoes,sweet potato,fruits,yogurt,walnuts and almonds.Along with the dietary changes , you may massage your scalp with almond oil at night and rinse it next morning.You may take biotin supplements which will further aid in promoting hair growth.
16 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Excess Facial Hair? You May Have A Hormone Imbalance!

MBBS, MRCGP ( UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), DFSRH (UK), DRCOG (UK), CCT (UK)
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
Excess Facial Hair? You May Have A Hormone Imbalance!

Majority of women like to look into the mirror and find not an extra strand of hair on her face, be it the upper lip or near the ears. While it is not uncommon for women to have hair on these and other areas, most women resort to multiple ways to get rid of this. The pattern of this unnecessary hair growth is very similar to the pattern seen in males normally.

This condition of excessive hair growth is known as hirsutism and can be caused by multiple causes, as listed below.

  1. Genetic or racial: While the European women have a more clean face that is free of hair, the Mediterranean and Indian women are highly likely to have more facial hair growth. There is also a strong family history relation, and it is hereditary.
  2. Androgens (testosterone): This is a male hormone, essential for the development of male sexual characters. Though it is present in very minute amounts in all women, in some, there could be higher than these minimal levels, leading to minor masculine characters, facial hair being one of them.
  3. Hormonal imbalances: There are multiple hormonal issues which can manifest as increased facial hair growth. The two most common ones include polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and adrenal conditions including tumours, Cushing's syndrome, and hyperplasia. In all these cases, there is increased amount of androgens, leading to excessive facial hair.
  4. Medication side effect: Some medications like testosterone, cyclosporine, anabolic steroids, and Minoxidil also lead to increased amounts of facial hair in women. Some other medications used to treat migraines, seizures, schizophrenia, and hypertension can also cause hirsutism. This is indirectly due to increased levels of male hormones in the system, producing these effects.
  5. Birth control pills: These also affect the hormone levels and lead to increased facial hair.
  6. Obesity: Most women with facial hair are also on the heavier side, and most people have a reduction in hair once weight is managed.

Treatment: The underlying cause should be treated for controlling hair growth. If there is an inducing medication, an alternative should be looked at. While hormone levels can be altered, in most cases, not much can be done. These need to be dealt with using one of the following methods - depilatory creams, waxing, plucking, shaving, laser reduction, electrolysis, and weight loss.

When reading through the above, it is obvious that a lot of causes for hirsutism point towards hormones. This helps to identify hormonal disorders in their earlier stages, which are managed with lesser complications. The next time you feel there is more hair on your chin or cheeks, get your hormone levels checked.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3713 people found this helpful

What is Alopecia Hair Loss - Types/Causes/Diagnosis and Treatment

Dermatologist, Noida
What is Alopecia Hair Loss - Types/Causes/Diagnosis and Treatment

Alopecia alludes to balding from any part of the body for any reason. There are a few types, extending from Thinning of Hair to Complete Baldness. Alopecia is, extensively grouped into two classifications. In Non-Scarring Alopecia, the hair follicles are yet alive and hair can be grown. In Scarring Alopecia the hair follicles are decimated and will not re-grow hair.

What are the types of Alopecia?

Many people are at this point are familiar with the term Alopecia, after various reports in the press about Celebrities who are experiencing Hair Loss.

Alopecia is the Latin word for Hair Loss, and the term covers a scope of conditions.

Here we will take a look at the most widely recognized types of Alopecia.

Androgenic Alopecia

Androgenic Alopecia is the logical name for the hereditary hair loss conditions Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss. It is the most well known type of hair loss, and influences numerous people eventually in their lives, sometimes as early as the late teens or mid twenties.

The condition is, caused when Enzymes in the body start transforming the hormone testosterone into its subsidiary, Dihydrotestosterone, which has the impact of contracting the hair follicles. An inclination for Androgenetic Alopecia can be gone down through the Genes on either the Paternal or Maternal side.

Click to Read more about Androgenic Alopecia

Alopecia Areata

This is the type of Hair Loss commonly associated with the Term "Alopecia" in media reports. Alopecia Areata generally introduces itself as Patchy Hair Loss on the Scalp, and is an autoimmune system issue, which makes the body's own Immune System to assault Healthy Hair Follicles. The correct reasons for the condition stay obscure, yet it is broadly, thought to be activated by Stress and Traumatic mishaps.

Alopecia Totalis

Now and again, Alopecia Areata can advance to the entire scalp. This is known as, Alopecia Totalis. At its most extraordinary, the Hair Loss can happen over the whole body, including Eyebrows.

Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis (AU) is a condition that causes hair loss.

This type of hair loss is unlike other forms of alopecia. AU causes complete hair loss on your scalp and body. AU is a type of alopecia areata. However, it differs from localized alopecia areata, which causes patches of hair loss, and alopecia totalis, which causes complete hair loss on the scalp only. Little Britain co-creator Matt Lucas experiences this kind of Hair Loss, which is known as Alopecia Universalis.

Ciatricial Alopecia or Scarring Alopecia

Ciatrical Alopecia is, also known as, Scarring Alopecia. The condition Cicatricial Alopecia or Scarring Alopecia is a type of Hair Loss in which hair follicles, are pulverized and replaced by scar tissues.

There are two types of Cicatricial Alopecia

  • Primary Cicatricial Alopecia

  • Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia

Primary Cicatricial Alopecia

Primary Cicatricial Alopecia the hair loss is, caused straightforwardly by irritation of the hair follicles, the reasons for which are minimal understood.

Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia

Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia in the meantime, alludes to Scarring Hair Loss, which happens because of an occasion or process inconsequential to the follicles, for example, Burns or Infections.

Traction Alopecia

Traction Alopecia varies from different types of Alopecia in that it is generally, caused specifically by the activities of the person, which result in unreasonable strain on the hair and breakage. Certain Haircuts, for example, Interlacing and tight Ponytails are normal reasons for Traction Alopecia. It, can be also caused by rehashed treatments with chemicals, for example, Hair Shading and Bleaching.

Causes of Alopecia

There are various potential reasons for Alopecia:

Hair Loss

Temporary or Permanent, it can be activated by any number of variables. These can incorporate allergies, aggravations, toxins, burns, wounds, and infections. We additionally realize that specific medications (particularly anabolic steroids), Chronic Kidney Failure, Radiation, and Chemotherapy can make hair fall. Occasionally, hair loss might be because of a Vitamin A overdose, Iron Deficiency, Anemia, a malfunctioning of thyroid organ, fever, hormonal imbalances, or pregnancy.

Side effects and Complications

Thinning of Hair is the most evident side effect of Androgenic Alopecia. In men, it starts at the crown, temples, or both. They additionally have a tendency to get a "High Forehead" that is related with a Receding Hairline. For women, Hair Loss starts on the highest point of the head. While men can go totally Bald, women do not more often than not lose all the hair on the crown of the head.

Alopecia Areata shows up as sudden losses of small round patches of hair, normally from the scalp, yet some of the time from the face or body. The fingernails might be daintily hollowed or stippled. The disease often comes in cycles, with Re-Growth in the middle.

Making the Diagnosis

While hair loss can be exceptionally troubling, Alopecia without anyone else is not destructive - the harm is Cosmetic. Yet, there is dependably a shot that Alopecia may be an auxiliary impact or symptom of some different sickness. Undoubtedly, just Medical Tests and Consultation with your Doctor can guarantee the correct diagnosis. Always consult a specialist on the off chance that you begin to lose hair.

Family history will frequently tell the specialist what type of Alopecia an Individual has. Occasionally, a punch biopsy might be important to decide the kind of Hair Loss. Taking a gander at culled hairs under a Microscope can differentiate between Alopecia Areata and Androgenic Alopecia. Different tests; may be done to check for immune system diseases like lupus that can go with Alopecia.

Treatment and Prevention

Platelet Rich Plasma  - PRP  

Stem Cell Therapy

Ionization Therapy

Cell Active Therapy

*Result may vary as per the Severity of Patient Hair Condition

  • Medications are accessible that support Re-growth of hair.
  • These medications, for example, Topical Minoxidil and Oral Finasteride, are not suitable for everybody with Hair Loss.
  • Hair Growth medicines work to varying degrees in various individuals, and just trigger complete Re-growth in a minority of people. They work best for individuals who have less Hair Loss.
  • Hair Loss returns on the off chance that you quit taking the medication.
  • Finasteride is not suitable for women who may become pregnant, as it can cause extreme Birth defects.
  • Biotin is a Vitamin that makes hair and nails stronger and utilized regularly as an Adjuvant Therapy.
  • Corticosteroids are another type of medicine that might be, utilized for a few types of Hair Loss.
  • Less extreme cases of Alopecia Areata, are at times treated with corticosteroids infused into the influenced area. Systemic (Pill Form) Corticosteroids have long haul reactions and reserved for more extreme cases.
  • Another treatment for insensitive Alopecia Areata, is to purposely incite an Allergic Reaction Response (Contact Dermatitis) with a Chemical applied to the scalp. A rash creates, and hair frequently grows back in a similar spot a couple of months after the fact. However, it can be awkward.
  • A few people with Hair Loss have somewhat Low Iron or Zinc Levels and may benefit by Iron and Zinc supplements.
  • On the off chance that there is a systemic ailment prompting hair loss, at that point treating the basic ailment may help in Hair Growth.
  • For serious Alopecia of any type, medication may enhance the condition however cannot cure it. The rest of the choices are to experience Surgery or wear a Wig or Hairpiece or Hair Skin or Hair Patch.
  • Great quality modern Hair Parches or Hair Skin or Toupee or Hairpieces can be imperceptible.
4 people found this helpful

8 Ways In Which Menopause Affects A Woman's Body!

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
8 Ways In Which Menopause Affects A Woman's Body!

Menopause is characterized as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 months. It is the time in a woman’s life when the ovaries stop functioning. The periods then stop forever. The normal period of menopause is 51 years of age, however, menopause may happen as ahead of schedule i.e. as early as 30s or as late as the 60s.

There is a period of 12-24 months which is discribed as perimenopausal stage during which there is waxing and wanning of ovarian hormones. Ovarian hormones level can guide that whether a lady has attained menopause or not. Acceptance, and yoga, physical exercises will help to sail comfortably through menopause. This is what one call as "Gracefully Ageing"

There is no solid lab test to determine when a lady will encounter menopause. Here are a few ways in which menopause affects a woman’s body:

  1. Skin: Consequences of menopause include dryness, loss of flexibility, thinning of the skin and expanded wrinkling. These symptoms result in poor recovery from injuries, hair loss and pigmentary changes. Unwanted hair growth and acne may likewise happen. Wrinkling is caused by excessive smoking and sun exposure. One should stay away from smoking and sun exposure.
  2. Hair: Hormonal changes incorporate hirsutism (undesirable facial hair) or alopecia. Most ordinarily noted is the loss of scalp hair. Lower leg, pubic and axillary hair loss may also take place. Hirsutism is commonly noted on the face. Oral Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) may control facial hair in a few ladies. Medicines for expanded facial hair incorporate suing depilatory creams, delicate techniques for hair removal, laser treatment andante-testosterone medicines. Scalp alopecia might be treated with minoxidil.
  3. Teeth: Menopause has been a cause for various dental/oral issues, including dry mouth and desquamative gingivitis. IHRT might be of advantage as a consequence of the part it plays in influencing oral bone and preventing the loss of teeth. The impacts of HRT seem to incorporate a reduction in bleeding and enhancing the flow of saliva.
  4. Vulva and vagina: The genital tract is exceptionally dependent on estrogen and body changes during the menopausal time and post-menopause may incorporate vaginal and vulvar dryness. Vulval dryness may worsen other vulval skin conditions (e.g. dermatitis) bringing about aggravation. Staying away from cleansers and body washes on the vulva can dial down the aggravation and dryness. Contrasting options to cleanser incorporate sorbolene with glycerine or low-aggravation purifying balms and lotions.
  5. Bladder: Urinary frequency and cystitis are very common around the time of menopause. Local estrogen creams may enhance incontinence in the short term, however, don't seem to do as such after treatment is stopped. Treatment for incontinence includes physiotherapy and even surgery.
  6. Joints and muscles: Joint and muscle pain are regular symptoms during menopause. Exercise is vital to get rid of these side effects. Joint and muscle pain may improve with the utilization of HRT.
  7. Weight changes: Between ages 45 and 55, ladies will gain a large portion of a kilo a year. This weight gain cannot be blamed on menopause entirely. The changes in hormonal status are connected with expanded body and stomach fat. This weight addition is connected with increased cardiovascular and metabolic hazard and changes in quality of life and sexual functioning.
  8. Lifestyle measures: Your diet and eating routine need to be established to keep up a solid body weight and to have a healthy lifestyle. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2966 people found this helpful

Male or Female Pattern Baldness - Know Everything About It!

Dermatologist, Bangalore
Male or Female Pattern Baldness - Know Everything About It!

One of the major problems with hair, especially as you age is the thinning of hair, which exposes the scalp, although it is regularly seen in younger people as well. The surprising thing is that baldness, which is primarily associated with men, can affect women as well.

Male pattern baldness
Male pattern baldness tends to occur in the form of receding hairline that can be accompanied by loss of hair on the top of the head as well as the back. Some of the reasons for male patterns baldness are:

  • Genetic factors such as baldness among the male members within the family
  • Androgen hormonal issues
  • Surgery or major illness which may trigger hormonal changes

Male pattern baldness doesn't only affect men and is known to affect women as well. It is just a type of pattern, which is prevalent more among men although women with high levels of androgen are also known to suffer from it.

Female pattern baldness
The female pattern of baldness is quite different from male pattern baldness. Female pattern baldness primarily spreads from the parting of the hair and then follows a widening pattern. It is not as severe as male pattern baldness where patches may start growing or bald spots may develop. However, the area around the crown may start showing the scalp due to severe thinning. Some of the causes for this could be age, especially in women after 40, hormonal imbalances within the body and some of the similar issues with male pattern baldness as mentioned above.

The treatment for male and female pattern baldness tends to be similar in many cases, although certain specific treatments may be administered in other cases. Some of the common treatments include:

1. Minoxidil solution of varying strengths
2. Hair replacement or transplant in certain cases
3. Spray or inked Cosmetics to cover up hair loss
4. Oral medications to kick start hair growth
5. Hair pieces and other appendages to hide bald spots etc.

With female pattern baldness, depending on the underlying factor, hormonal treatments may be required to resolve the problems. Once the underlying problem is resolved, topical and oral medicines can then help in hair re-growth. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

3623 people found this helpful

Hair Loss - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dermatologist, Mumbai
Hair Loss - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hair loss can affect just your scalp or your entire body. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Anyone — men, women and children — can experience hair loss. 

Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer to let their baldness run its course untreated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still others choose one of the treatments available to prevent further hair loss and to restore growth. 

Before pursuing any hair loss treatment, it is highly recommended to talk with your doctor about the cause of the hair loss and the best treatment options. Symptoms Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just your scalp or your whole body. Some types of hair loss are temporary, and others are permanent. 

Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include: 

  1. Gradual thinning on top of head. 
  2. Circular or patchy bald spots. 
  3. Sudden loosening of hair. 
  4. Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. 

When to see a doctor 

See your doctor if your child or you are distressed by hair loss and want to pursue treatment. Also, talk to your doctor if you notice sudden or patchy hair loss or more than usual hair loss when combing or washing your or your child's hair. Sudden hair loss can signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment. 


The exact cause of hair loss may not be fully understood, but it's usually related to one or more of the following factors: 

  1. Family history (heredity) 
  2. Hormonal changes 
  3. Medical conditions 
  4. Medications 

Risk factors 

A number of factors can increase your risk of hair loss, including: 

  1. Family history 
  2. Age 
  3. Poor nutrition 
  4. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus 
  5. Stress Treatments and drugs 

Treatments for hair loss include medications, surgery, laser therapy, and wigs or hairpieces. Your doctor may suggest a combination of these approaches in order to get the best results. 


If your hair loss is caused by an underlying disease, treatment for that disease will be necessary. This may include drugs to reduce inflammation and suppress your immune system, such as prednisone. If a certain medication is causing the hair loss, your doctor may advise you to stop using it for at least three months. 

  1. Minoxidil (Rogaine): Minoxidil is an over-the-counter liquid or foam that you rub into your scalp twice a day to grow hair and to prevent further hair loss. It may be used by men and women. 
  2. Finasteride (Propecia): This prescription drug is available only to men. It's taken daily in pill form. Many men taking finasteride experience a slowing of hair loss, and some may show some new hair growth. You need to keep taking it to retain benefits. 
  3. Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy: This is one of the latest treatments for hair loss and is especially good for patients who do not wish to go for surgery. In this, a sample of your blood is withdrawn from which platelets are separated using a centrifuge. These are then injected directly into the scalp. Platelets contain growth factors which promote the growth of new hair and reduce hair loss. This procedure requires multiple sittings over a period of 5 to 6 months. It is an outpatient procedure with no down time. You can resume your daily activities almost immediately. 


In the most common type of permanent hair loss, only the top of the head is affected. Hair transplant or restoration surgery can make the most of the hair you have left. During this procedure, your surgeon removes tiny plugs of skin, each containing a few hairs, from the back or sides of your scalp. He or she then implants the plugs into the bald sections of your scalp. You may be asked to take a hair loss medication before and after surgery to improve results. Surgical procedures to treat baldness are expensive and can be painful. 

Wigs and hairpieces 

You may want to try a wig or a hairpiece as an alternative to medical treatment or if you don't respond to treatment. It can be used to cover either permanent or temporary hair loss. Quality, natural-looking wigs and hairpieces are available. 


  1. Eat a nutritionally balanced diet
  2. Avoid tight hairstyles, such as braids, buns or ponytails. 
  3. Avoid compulsively twisting, rubbing or pulling your hair. 
  4. Treat your hair gently when washing and brushing. A wide-toothed comb may help prevent pulling out hair. 
  5. Avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments and permanents. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.
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Table of Content
About Minoxidil
When is Minoxidil prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Minoxidil ?
What are the side effects of Minoxidil ?
Key highlights of Minoxidil
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Minoxidil approved?
Medicines containing Minoxidil
How does medicine works?
What are the interactions for Minoxidil ?