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Overview

Cotrimoxazole Tablet

Cotrimoxazole Tablet

Manufacturer: Geno Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Medicine composition: Sulfamethoxazole, Trimethoprim
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Table of Content

About Cotrimoxazole Tablet
When is Cotrimoxazole Tablet prescribed?
What are the side effects of Cotrimoxazole Tablet?
Key highlights of Cotrimoxazole Tablet
What are the substitutes for Cotrimoxazole Tablet?
What are the interactions for Cotrimoxazole Tablet?

Cotrimoxazole Tablet is used for the control, treatment and prevention of conditions such as urinary tract infections, bacterial infections, and urinary tract bacterial infections. It works by preventing bacterial synthesis, thus slowing down the growth and reproduction of bacteria, ultimately killing them, and preventing the infection from spreading.

Do not use Cotrimoxazole Tablet if you are allergic to any of the ingredients present in it. Before using Cotrimoxazole Tablet tell your doctor if you are using any prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, or other herbal and dietary pills and supplements, if you are pregnant and/or breastfeeding, or if you have any upcoming surgeries. Also let your doctor know your history of medical problems, pre-existing diseases and current health conditions.

Cotrimoxazole Tablet should be taken in doses prescribed by the doctor. Dosage depends on conditions such as medical condition, diet, age, and counteraction with other medicines.

Possible side effects of Cotrimoxazole Tablet include gastrointestinal disturbances, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, Stevens-johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis. If you experience side effects other than the ones listed above, you need to contact your doctor for immediate medical assistance.

bacterial infections
In addition to its intended effect, Cotrimoxazole Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Is It safe with alcohol?
Taking trimethoprim with alcohol may cause unpleasant side effects such as tingly feeling, nausea, and vomiting, fast heartbeats, warmth or redness under your skin.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Oriprim ds 800 mg/160 mg tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect kidney function?
Caution to be advised in patients with impaired renal function.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Cotrimoxazole Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.

Popular Questions & Answers

UTI infection because of E. Coli suggest antibiotic resistant" amoxicillin, Ciprofloxacin, Cephalexin, Co-trimoxazole, ofloxacin.

Ex Sen.V.Surgeon/Research Scientist, M.D.(Alternative Medicine/tibetan/chinese/acupuncture), Vaida/ Unani, Homeopath
Unani Specialist, Moga
UTI infection because of E. Coli suggest antibiotic resistant" amoxicillin, Ciprofloxacin, Cephalexin, Co-trimoxazole...
hi dear u may come inbox for private consultation, if u r serious enough bcz of personal medicine question -better u should take uti package --for 2-3 months treatment course

What are the reasons for acne. How can we get rid of it? Is there any medicine for it.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
What are the reasons for acne. How can we get rid of it? Is there any medicine for it.
Also known as spots or zits, pimples are a part of acne. They are most likely to occur around puberty, but they can happen at any age. During puberty, hormone production changes. This can cause the sebaceous glands, located at the base of hair follicles, to become overactive.These factors can trigger or aggravate acne: Hormones. Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production The oral antibiotics most commonly prescribed for acne include: Tetracyclines – doxycycline (Doxine®, Doxy®), limecycline (Tetralysal®), minocycline (Mino-tabs®, Minomycin®). ... Erythromycin – E-mycin®, ERA® Trimethroprim – TMP® Cotrimoxazole –

I am suffering from an infection after an intercourse in which I have so much pain in my lower tummy and it seems like I have a continuous pressure of passing urine but when I go so it's so painful to pass the urine. The pain is almost same like the mensuration one. I also search this problem online. May be I am suffering from UTI. I am not able to understand what to do next.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
I am suffering from an infection after an intercourse in which I have so much pain in my lower tummy and it seems lik...
Dear Deeksha, The most common UTIs occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra. Infection of the bladder (cystitis). This type of UTI is usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, sometimes other bacteria are responsible. The first-choice agents for treatment of uncomplicated acute cystitis in women include nitrofurantoin monohydrate/macrocrystals, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), or fosfomycin. Beta-lactam antibiotics may be used when other recommended agents cannot be used. Do consult a gynecologist for physical investigation. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

I am 32 year old suffering from prostatitis. semen culture and urine culture are negative. All reports are negative Doctor give me trimethoprim 100 mg twice a day for 1 months is this a standard treatment. please really me.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
I am 32 year old suffering from prostatitis. semen culture and urine culture are negative. All reports are negative D...
This is the treatment. If culture is negative you have no infection and I cannot see a reason for prostatitis as you say.

Popular Health Tips

Vaginal Discharge - Complications and Risks Associated with it

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Vaginal Discharge -  Complications and Risks Associated with it

Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological phenomenon, in which the consistency of vaginal discharge varies throughout the cycle. Healthy vaginal discharge is clear or white in colour, with normal and non-offensive odour. Sometimes right before menstruation, your vaginal discharge may hold a brownish tinge.

The consistency of the discharge varies mostly on the hormonal changes in the body. When the levels of oestrogen are low, the cervical mucus that is liberated as discharge may be perceived as sticky and thick. When the oestrogen levels rise up, the discharge becomes wetter, more stretchy and clearer. Also, after ovulation, the consistency becomes thicker again.

When should you worry about the vaginal discharge?

  1. Greenish, greyish or absurdly brownish in colour

  2. When the discharge appears thicker than normal

  3. When the discharge is more than normal

  4. When it smells absurd like fishy or rotten meat like smell

  5. Pus like discharge

  6. White with cottage cheese like discharge

  7. When the discharge is associated with bloody discharge and burning sensation, rash or soreness.

Diseases caused by vaginal discharge

  1. Yeast Infection: The vaginal discharge is cottage cheese like and may be associated with itching of the vulva. This is also called as thrush. It can be treated easily with antifungal medications such as Fluconazole or Cotrimoxazole.

  2. Vaginitis: Yellowish offensive discharge, which may be profuse, associated with itching and abdominal pain.

  3. Trichomoniasis: This disease is asymptomatic in most cases and you may notice purulent discharge. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

4378 people found this helpful

Vaginal Discharge - When Should You Be Worried About It!

MICOG, MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Vaginal Discharge -  When Should You Be Worried About It!

Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological phenomenon, in which the consistency of vaginal discharge varies throughout the cycle. Healthy vaginal discharge is clear or white in colour, with normal and non-offensive odour. Sometimes right before menstruation, your vaginal discharge may hold a brownish tinge.

The consistency of the discharge varies mostly on the hormonal changes in the body. When the levels of oestrogen are low, the cervical mucus that is liberated as discharge may be perceived as sticky and thick. When the oestrogen levels rise up, the discharge becomes wetter, more stretchy and clearer. Also, after ovulation, the consistency becomes thicker again.

When should you worry about the vaginal discharge?

  1. Greenish, greyish or absurdly brownish in colour
  2. When the discharge appears thicker than normal
  3. When the discharge is more than normal
  4. When it smells absurd like fishy or rotten meat like smell
  5. Pus like discharge
  6. White with cottage cheese like discharge
  7. When the discharge is associated with bloody discharge and burning sensation, rash or soreness.

Diseases caused by vaginal discharge

  1. Yeast Infection: The vaginal discharge is cottage cheese like and may be associated with itching of the vulva. This is also called as thrush. It can be treated easily with antifungal medications such as Fluconazole or Cotrimoxazole.
  2. Vaginitis: Yellowish offensive discharge, which may be profuse, associated with itching and abdominal pain.
  3. Trichomoniasis: This disease is asymptomatic in most cases and you may notice purulent discharge.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3921 people found this helpful

Ways to Avoid Fatigue in HIV Patients

FHM Fellowship In HIV Medicine, MD, MBBS
General Physician, Hyderabad
Ways to Avoid Fatigue in HIV Patients

HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus is a virus which causes HIV infection and leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. HIV affects a person in various ways over time. HIV patients are commonly characterized by tiredness and intense fatigue. There are many causes, which lead to fatigue and there are ways to reduce fatigue as well.

  • HIV virus as a cause of fatigue: HIV is a long-term infection in nature, and our body provides strong immunity to respond the virus. A lot of energy is capitalized for constantly fighting against the HIV. Fatigue slowly develops as a result of this. Some HIV patients have a high viral load and are likely to develop more fatigue. Energy is regained after starting HIV treatment.
  • HIV treatment as a cause of fatigue: Anti-HIV drugs help to improve energy levels in patients, but they lead to fatigue as well. These medicines include a lot of side effects such as tiredness and excess fatigue. These side effects are more common in the early phase of treatment.

In order to avoid this fatigue, you may change your mode of treatment or consult your doctor for a change in your medical prescription. Medicines such as cotrimoxazole, dapsone, pyrimethamine, toxoplasmosis and ganciclovir lead to fatigue. Folic acid can be an alternative. Blood transfusion can also be conducted to treat fatigue due to medicines, which produces a quick burst of red blood cells. Injecting a hormone named erythropoietin also stimulates red blood cell production.

  • Low vitamin and mineral levels: Low levels of vitamins and minerals in the body cause fatigue. You can avoid fatigue of this kind by choosing a balanced diet by consulting a dietician. Changing your diet and taking dietary supplements helps in reducing fatigue. Fatigue may also be caused because of anaemia.
  • Sleep disorders and stressFatigue is bound to develop in HIV patients who suffer from sleeplessness. Insomnia, the most common sleeping disorder, occurs among HIV patients. It happens due to stress, anxiety and depression. Improving upon your sleep ensures correction of the fatigue to a great extent. You can take up counselling or therapies to reduce any kind of sleeping disorder due to stress. You should avoid consuming excess of coffee, alcohol and several recreational drugs. You must also change your lifestyle and daily routine, aiming to be more productive.

Fatigue and tiredness are common among all HIV patients, which occur because of various reasons. There are remedies to get over the fatigue which should be implemented correctly.

4148 people found this helpful

Post Exposure Prophylaxix (PEP) In HIV

MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
Post Exposure Prophylaxix (PEP) In HIV

Pep is required for all persons invo5 in providing medical and surgical services 
No environmental transmission reported but pep is pep is required when they are exposed to -

 potentially infectious body fluid e. G. Blood, semen, vaginal secretions, synovial, pleural, pericardial, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid. Any bodu fluid contaminated with" visible blood" considered" at risk"
 exposure to body fluid considered" not at risk" e. G. Tears, sweat, urine, faeces, saliva, sputum and vomitus

Management of exp6 site
- do not panic 
- wash wound and surrounding with soap and water 
- rinse well
- do not scrub
- for not use antiseptic or skin washes
- splash of blood 
- irrigate eyes with water or saine
- if using contact lens leave them in place while irrigating. Remove the contact lens and clean them after eyes is cleaned 
- mouth: spit fluid immediately and rinse mouth thoroughly water/saline repeatedly 

Pep is required within 72 hours of exposure 
 conslt nearest art center for selection of pep regime e. G. 

1. Basic regime of 2 drug zidovudine 300 mg bd 

  • Stavudine 30 mg bd
  • Lamivudine 150 mg bd
  •  pep in pregnancy 
  • Efavirenz is contrindicated in first trimestelr 
  • Indinavir is contrindicated prenatally

2 drug regime is recommended if third drug is required then use nelfinavir
 arv prophylaxix - short term arv drugs is used to reduce hiv transmission from mother to infant
- all hivexposed infants should receive cotrimoxazole at 4-6 weeks of age
 nevirapine prophylaxix 
- mother- nov 200 mg at onset of labour 
- baby- nvp syrup 2 mg / lg of body weight within 72 hours of delivery
 

1 person found this helpful

UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Paediatric Surgery
Pediatric Surgeon, Kolkata
UTI In Children - Understanding The Ways It Can Be Treated!

UTI stands for urinary tract infections. In children a urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common condition caused by bacteria. Bacteria that enter the urethra are flushed out through urination. But, when bacteria aren’t excluded out of the urethra, they may grow in the urinary tract and cause infections. The Survey state that up to 8% of girls and 2% of boys will get a UTI at an early age. Sometimes the symptoms of UTI are hard to detect in kids so it is better to get your child treated, as it turn into serious kidney diseases. With a right treatment your child will feel better within few days. 

Symptoms of a UTI include: 

  1. Burning and pain during micturation. 
  2. Urgent need to go, but having a few drops of urine. 
  3. Fever and vomiting commonly occur during UTI. 
  4. Foul smell and cloudy urine. 

Causes 

  1. Bladder outlet obstruction like posterior urethral valve in males 
  2. Vesico ureteric reflux (VUR) 
  3. Uretero pelvic junction obstruction (UPJ Obstruction) 
  4. Constipation: Being constipated makes difficult to empty your bladder, which means trapped bacteria which increases risk of UTI. So in order to reduce the UTI risk, avoid constipation 
  5. Dehydration: Drinking water not only quenches your thirst, but it also avoids the risk of getting UTI. We should drink enough water so that we can flush out bacteria that can cause UTI. Drinking water also avoids the constipation problem. 
  6. Holding urine: Holding urine for 6 hours make UTI more common as bacteria in the bladder has lots of time to grow and cause infection. So ask your child to pass urine after few hours. 

Prevention 

  1. Avoid tight fitting clothes, especially for girl children. 
  2. Drink more and more liquids and eat fibre rich food. 
  3. Change the diaper of young child frequently. 
  4. Ask your child to go for urine immediately rather than holding. 
  5. Don’t give bubble bath to the child as it is a major source of bacteria. 

Investigations: 

  1. USG (KUB
  2. Urine routine examination and culture sensitivity 
  3. MCU (Micturating Cysto Urethrogram) 
  4. Urodynamic study 
  5. DTPA Scan 
  6. DMSA Scan 

Treatments 
The most common antibiotics used for treatment are:Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, Ofloxacin, Cefixime etc Sometimes hospitalization is necessary in younger than 6 months old, if: 

  • The Child has a high fever and not improving. 
  • The child is vomiting and having dehydration.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1934 people found this helpful

Table of Content

About Cotrimoxazole Tablet
When is Cotrimoxazole Tablet prescribed?
What are the side effects of Cotrimoxazole Tablet?
Key highlights of Cotrimoxazole Tablet
What are the substitutes for Cotrimoxazole Tablet?
What are the interactions for Cotrimoxazole Tablet?