Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Allergic Reaction: Treatment, Cost and Side Effects

What is the Allergic Reaction? How is the Allergic Reaction treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the Allergic Reaction?

Allergy or allergic reaction is a condition occurring due to an overreaction of the immune system of the body to certain otherwise harmless foreign substances. The immune system of the body normally protects us from harmful foreign substances called antigens like disease causing pathogens, abnormal harmful substances in the body, etc. by producing antibodies. Antibodies target the foreign substance and destroy it with the help of the defense mechanisms of the body. In some cases, antibodies are produced against substances, called allergens, which are not inherently harmful to the body. Antibodies against allergens trigger a massive overreaction of the immune system which causes harm to the body, and may even cause death.

Allergies occur when substances called allergens are wrongly recognized by the body to be harmful due to a genetic predisposition. Allergens can be almost anything, including pollen, dust mites, some types of food, insect bites, animal hair, some plants, medications, some viruses and bacteria, as well as changes in temperature, stress, etc. Antibodies against allergens produce a diverse array of reactions by facilitating the body to release certain chemicals called mediators, histamine being a common example. Reactions may be localized rashes, uncontrollable sneezing, hives, difficulty in breathing, or may be systemic involving the whole body. In severe cases allergy can cause a massive reaction called anaphylactic shock which may even be fatal.

Allergy has no definite treatment. Various different modes of treatment exist and have different levels of effect on different people. Avoiding the allergens combined with immunosuppressants has so far been the most successful in keeping the condition under control.

How is the Allergic Reaction treatment done?

Treatment for allergy is based mostly on avoiding the allergens. In absence of allergens, antihistamines form the medicine of choice for allergy. Antihistamines are prescribed to target the mediator histamine and are useful to treat long term allergic reactions like rhinitis. For severe reactions, epinephrine is injected to counter anaphylactic shock by dilating the bronchii and increasing blood pressure. Corticosteroids are administered through intravenous tube to counter the more severe allergic reactions including inflammation. Corticosteroids can be applied as topical ointment to tackle allergic reactions of the skin, or may also be used as nasal sprays to reduce symptoms of stuffy or blocked nose. Epinephrine is used as an emergency treatment to reverse the effects of an allergic reaction. Both over the counter and prescription medications are available to treat an allergic reaction. Another treatment method used to treat mild allergies is allergy shots, where the patient is exposed to allergens in progressively higher doses over a period of time starting with a very low dose. This procedure sensitizes the immune system to that allergen so that it does not produce an allergic reaction.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Allergies can occur anytime, and allergens that trigger severe response in some may not trigger a response of similar intensity in others. In most cases, a mild reaction goes away once the allergen is removed from the vicinity. However, it is advisable to undergo treatment if symptoms of allergic reaction appear, especially if there has been a severe allergic reaction in the past. If symptoms worsen or persist even after removal of allergens, treatment needs to be started immediately.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Mild reactions usually go away on their own once the allergens are removed and treatment is not required. However, it is advisable to undergo treatment even if the symptoms are mild as an allergy can progress from mild to fatal in a very short time.

Are there any side effects?

Treatment procedures for allergy may have a small side effect of suppressing the immune system, making a person vulnerable to other small infections.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post treatment guidelines include avoiding the allergens that causes a reaction, like pollen, allergenic food, dust, animal hair, etc.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no fixed period for recovery from allergies. Some people get better within a few hours after the allergens are removed, while some people may need extensive long term treatment to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Price of treatment starts from as low as Rs. 50 and goes up to Rs. 5000 or higher for long term treatments.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Allergy is incurable and treatment is targeted towards reducing the symptoms. Once treated, results are permanent till the next exposure to the allergens.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative treatment options for allergy include allergy shots, herbal medications, and also acupuncture. These treatment methods vary greatly in their efficacy and may be used along with the standard modes of treatment.

Popular Questions & Answers

Dr. I have oily acne prone skin. A dermatologist recommended me to use 2.5% benzoyl peroxide gel in the morning and tretinoin cream 0.025% in the evening salicylic & tea tree oil face wash. I am using those medications nearly 3 months. But still i'm getting breakouts. Can you suggest me a good medications for this. I want to get clear skin without any acne pls help me.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
no.. treatment depends on the grade...Acne or pimples... Due to hormonal changes..Oily skin causes it...Common in adolescent age...May occur in adults also.. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it.. Treatment depends on ...

I am in my mid 20’s with combination skin I am having an issue with acne since past 4 years occasionally recently I started taking ayurvedic neem tablets for acne and using epiduo gel which really worked in clearing acne but I can’t get rid of acne marks (reddish-purple in color) I have 10-15 acne marks left on my cheeks. Can you help me how I reduce it?

MBBS-Venereology and Leprosy, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Meerut
Acne scar once formed need in office treatment with dermatologist from peels to lasers. Please visit your dermatologist and do not manipulate squeeze or touch the acne .use a gentle acne face wash. No sweet less salt less or no spices.

Popular Health Tips

Mouth Breathing - What Can Cause It?

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Chennai
Mouth Breathing - What Can Cause It?
Common causes of sleep apnea: Sleep apena is a major cause of snoring. It can be caused because of allergies, obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) etc. In children sleep, apnea can also be caused by tonsil. Since the tonsil size of chil...
1467 people found this helpful

Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?
Are you experiencing skin itchiness and development of dry, scaly rashes on your skin? This indicates you have eczema, which is a group of skin diseases occurring due to the inflammation and irritation of skin. Atopic dermatitis is the most common...
8327 people found this helpful

Suppression Of Immune System - How It Affects The Chance Of Conceiving With IVF?

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Suppression Of Immune System - How It Affects The Chance Of Conceiving With IVF?
There is every possibility that even after going through more than three rounds of IVF, the treatment might not turn out to be successful, wherein it might not result in pregnancy. Naturally this kind of situation makes women frustrated and thus l...
6629 people found this helpful

Suppression Of Immune System - How It Affects The Chance Of Conceiving With IVF?

MBBS
IVF Specialist, Raipur
Suppression Of Immune System - How It Affects The Chance Of Conceiving With IVF?
There is every possibility that even after going through more than three rounds of IVF, the treatment might not turn out to be successful, wherein it might not result in pregnancy. Naturally this kind of situation makes women frustrated and thus l...
6224 people found this helpful

Slit - New Methods To Treat Your Allergies!

MS - ENT, MBBS, FAGE
ENT Specialist, Jhansi
Slit - New Methods To Treat Your Allergies!
Sublingual immunotherapy, abbreviated as SLIT, is a new way to treat allergies by doctors without injections or medication. In this method, doctors do not address the allergies with medicines, in fact, patients are administered with very small dos...
1173 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda
Play video
Bronchial Asthma
Hi, I am Dr. Parthiv Atul Kumar Shah, Pulmonologist, Ashok One Hospital, Sanchaiti Hospital, Rohit Nursing Home & Apex Super speciality Hospital, Mumbai. Today I will talk about bronchial asthma. Why is this so important in the current scenario. I...
Play video
PRP Treatment For Hair Growth
Hello everybody, I am Dr. Sumit Agrawal. Today, I would be discussing PRP treatment for hair growth, PRP or platelet-rich plasma is now one of the most common non-surgical procedures for hair growth. Although PRP has been used as a treatment by or...
Play video
Dry Eye Or Computer Vision Syndrome
Hello, I am Dr. Ruchi, an ophthalmologist. Today I want to tell you something about a very common problem that we are coming across in practice is the dry eye syndrome or the computer vision syndrome. Commonly patients come to us with the complain...
Play video
Allergy & Its Impact On Respiratory System
Hi, I am Dr. Nilesh Chinchkar, Pulmonologist. Today I will talk on allergy and its impact on the respiratory system. Allergies are the main causes of respiratory diseases. Some of the diseases are allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchial asthma, an...
Play video
Cosmetic Breast Surgery
Hi, I am Dr. Mithilesh Mishra, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon. Aaj mai aap ko cosmetic breast surgery ke baare mein bataunga ki kin kin females ko iski jarurat padti hai? Ismein 3 main procedures hote hain. 1. Augmentation, jismein hum breast ka size ba...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice