Treatment of Tetracycline Stains
Asthma Management Program
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
Hiv Prophylaxis Post Exposure
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Management of Surrogacy
Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Health Screening For Women
Health Check Up
Health Screening For Men
Treatment of Shin Splints
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Dr. Anil Mehta provides answers that are very helpful. Thanks doctor
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The human digestive system is a very complicated and sizeable component of the body. It starts right at the beginning of the mouth, ending at the rectum. Some of the major responsibilities of the digestive system include absorption of essential nutrients and elimination of wastes.
Not only do digestive problems have embarrassing and unwanted symptoms, serious, chronic diseases can be caused if the minor problems are not treated.
Some digestive problems are listed below:
- GERD: This is a burning sensation that results from acids in the stomach being squirted into the oesophagus. A burning sensation is felt, right from the chest to the end of the throat. Frequent heartburns can lead to GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), symptoms of which include dry cough, sore throat, chest discomfort and difficulty in swallowing.
- Bloating: This is caused due to the presence of excess gas in the colon, small intestines or the stomach.
- Dyspepsia: This is an uncomfortable feeling or pain which occurs in the upper abdominal regions, mostly a result of excess food intake. It is commonly referred to as indigestion. Dyspepsia can be discomforting and if prolonged, medical assistance should be opted for.
- Chronic Constipation: Persistent constipation (chronic) is a sign that there is a problem with the elimination of wastes. This usually happens when the colon is unable to move or pass stools. Other major causes of chronic constipation can be changes in your usual diet, various eating disorders, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and excessive consumption of dairy products among others.
- Food Intolerance: This occurs when the digestive system is unable to tolerate certain food items. This condition is different from food allergies as it only affects the digestive system. Some of the common symptoms include diarrhoea, headache, gas and vomiting.
Possible Serious Conditions-
A gastroenterologist is a type of doctor that specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases involving the digestive system. If you continue to experience digestion problems, it’s time to make an appointment.
More serious signs could mean an emergency medical problem. Those signs include:
- bloody stools
- continuous vomiting
- severe abdominal cramps
- sudden, unintentional weight loss
These symptoms could be an indication of an infection, gallstones, hepatitis, internal bleeding, or cancer.
You may be able to overcome digestion problems with treatment and lifestyle changes. Certain diseases of the digestive system might be long-term, but medications can help alleviate symptoms.
Identifying specific digestion problems and talking with a doctor can go a long way in terms of helping your doctor give you a proper diagnosis. Remember, you don’t have to put up with constant digestive issues.
Check you BMI, maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, ask your doctor to create a weight loss plan for you.
Exercise atleast 30 minutes everyday depending upon your age and weight. Get some help from an expert to suggest best activity for you.
Colon cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon). In most cases it begins as a non-malignant group of cells called polyps, which may turn cancerous over time. After the formation of the malignant tumors, the cancerous cells may spread to other parts of your body through lymph and blood channels. It can occur together with rectal cancer and is known as colorectal cancer.
Causes of Colon Cancer
The occurrence of colon cancer may depend on the presence of precancerous polyps in the colon. Adenomas polyps may turn cancerous, but are removable through colonoscopy. Hyperplastic polyps rarely become cancerous, whereas inflammatory polyps may become cancerous after the inflammation of the colon.
Other risk factors that may influence the occurrence of colon cancer are:
Genetics: about 20% colon cancers are thought to be caused by mutation of the genes.
Age: those over the age of 50 are more likely to develop colon cancer, though now it is also increasingly affecting younger people.
Lifestyle: it is more likely to affect people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, smoke tobacco or are obese.
Diet: it is more likely to affect those whose diets are high in red meats, calories, and fat while being low in fiber. Alcohol consumption may also affect its occurrence.
Medical conditions: people who suffer from diabetes, acromegaly (growth hormone disorder) and colitis etc, may also be prone to develop colon cancer.
Warning Signs of Colon Cancer
Colon cancer generally goes undetected in the early stages. The symptoms vary with the location, spread and size of the tumor. In the earlier stages of cancer, most people experience no symptoms, but in the later stages they may experience one or more of these symptoms:
- Change in bowel habits such as diarrhea, constipation or change in consistency of stools; lasting more than a month
- Blood in stool or bleeding from the rectum
- Pain during passage of stool
- Pain, cramps or gas in the abdominal region
- Frequent urges to pass stool
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Unexpected weight loss
However, these symptoms may not necessarily indicate colon cancer. They can occur in the absence of colon cancer too. It is confirmed by colonic biopsy and histopathological examination. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.
When it comes to being fit, soldiers set the best examples. There are so many habits followed by soldiers that can be incorporated in our daily lives like waking up on time, following a proper meal routine and getting enough physical exercise. We must also try and eliminate all the ‘bad habits’ like mindless snacking, poor eating habits and a sedentary life. These are the habits that will not keep us fit, but also help us lead a healthy lifestyle. Here are 15 habits that you could imbibe to stay fit like a soldier. Start the day early like a soldier, as their day begins at dawn and it will surely, give you more time to get things done and takes away the excuse of not having enough time to exercise.
- Start the day early: A soldier’s day begins at dawn. Starting your day early will give you more time to get things done and takes away the excuse of not having enough time to exercise.
- Maintain a daily schedule: Set a time to wake up, eat, work, exercise, sleep and follow it diligently. This helps you stay physically and mentally fit.
- Don’t skip breakfast: Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Eat a proper breakfast that will give you enough energy to get through the day.
- Eat on time: Don’t delay a meal and maintain regular intervals between each meal. This helps stabilise your metabolism and keeps you from unnecessary weight gain.
- Eat a balanced diet: Skipping out on carbs may help you lose a little weight temporarily but will not keep you healthy. Eat a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, proteins and milk.
- Spend time outdoors: If you can’t exercise outdoors, walk to and from office or while grocery shopping to give yourself a chance to breathe in the open.
- Avoid junk food: Avoid all kinds of processed foods. These foods that very low nutritional value but high fat content. Instead snack on fruits or nuts between meals.
- Limit alcohol intake: Alcohol not only harms your body but can interfere with your schedule as well. Excessive drinking can keep you from waking up early the next day and throw your entire day off schedule.
- Get adequate sleep: You should ideally get 8 hours of sleep so if you’re going to wake up early, go to bed early as well. Drinking a warm glass or milk or chamomile tea can help you get a restful sleep.
- Make exercise a part of your daily schedule: Along with work, exercise needs to be made a priority as well. The best time to exercise is early in the morning before starting with the day’s work.
- Mix it up: Make exercise fun by mixing up your exercise routines. If you go for a run on one day, go swimming the next or hit the gym.
- Drink plenty of water: Stay hydrated to ensure that your body can absorb nutrients well and to optimise your circulatory system.
- Play a sport: Playing a sport is not only a way to exercise but also boosts your mental health.
- Surround yourself with people who support you: Avoid negative people and keep company with those who live a healthy lifestyle themselves to keep yourself motivated.
- Never give up: Just because you don’t have the stamina to run 10km on the first day, doesn’t mean you should give up on it. Persevere and have patience with yourself and you will be able to overcome all the obstacles before you. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist and ask a free question.
Acute viral fever is a type of fever that includes various viral infections, primarily characterized by an increase in the body temperature. This disorder is very common among children and the elderly as they tend to have a weak immune system. Some common characteristics of this condition are skin rashes, body ache and headache.
The virus that causes this disorder is transmitted from one person to the other. The usual modes of transmission include direct contact, sneezing, coughing and even talking; anything that makes you exposed to physical contact with the body fluids of the infected person. Once the virus enters your body, it can take around 20-48 hours to get activated.
The symptoms of this disorder include a rise in body temperature, vomiting, weakness, loss of taste, swelling of the face. You may feel very lethargic, weak and nauseated. Apart from these symptoms, it may also cause pain in the joints and the stomach. In severe cases, this disease can lead to complications such as arthritis, pneumonia and diarrhea.
Antibiotics, analgesics and antipyretics are prescribed when you have viral fever. Apart from the medications, you need to increase fluid intake and take complete bed rest. The body needs to heal; hence being extremely active will be counterproductive to the healing process. Heavy antiviral treatments are prescribed only in severe cases. Apart from medications, there are certain dietary changes that you may have to make to boost the healing process. Avoid spicy and fat laden foods as the digestive system is weak and consumption of such foods may lead to stomach disorders such as diarrhea and acidity. Try keeping your diet restricted to warm soups and fruit juices. Another factor you should be aware of is dehydration, as the body tends to lose fluids during this period. Drink a lot of water and fruit juices to keep your fluid intake at optimal levels.
You can also follow some preventive measure to avoid this disorder:
1. Wash your hands with antibiotic soaps
2. Stay away from crowded places
3. Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.
Hypertension or High Blood Pressure can trigger as well as worsen complications related to diabetes. Most people suffering from diabetes tend to develop hypertension later in their lives. Diabetes tends to increase one’s blood pressure, making him/her even more vulnerable to other heart diseases and cardio-vascular disorders. Diabetes often leads to a condition known as atherosclerosis, which is the hardening of the arteries. A combination of diabetes and hypertension drastically increases the risk of suffering from a heart disease. The risks of kidney diseases and retinopathy (damage to the tiny blood vessels present in the retina) also go up, resulting in blindness. With age, chronic hypertension can also result in numerous cognitive disorders such as dementia or Alzheimer’s disease (degenerative mental disorder).
How to prevent Diabetes and Hypertension?
1. Walking for about 40 minutes each day or engaging in any type of aerobic exercise can better one’s heart health. Chalk out an exercise plan upon consulting the doctor
2. Limit drinking and abstain from smoking
3. Go for regular kidney check-ups
4. Eat food rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, breads or whole grain cereals
5. Examine blood pressure as well as blood sugar levels regularly at home
6. Practice relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga to cut down on stress level; as stress is one of the major contributors to diabetes and the subsequent hypertension
7. Shed off your extra pounds as blood pressure escalates with weight
If a person is very critical (kidney damaged anf liver is filled with water) and now kept in ICU then is there any chance that person will be safe? And pulse are also gradually decreasing.
Breathe in and breathe out, is an involuntary continuous action through which the human body receives the oxygen it requires for proper functiong. Without oxygen, our entire circulatory system would collapse. However, with the amount of pollutants present in the air today, the air we breathe is not as pure as it should be. Instead of breathing in oxygen, we’re breathing in harmful gases like carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide along with particulate matter. Prolonged exposure to pollutants like this can seriously endanger our health and well-being. Air pollution spreads easily and the only way to protect oneself from it is by creating a barrier that filters the air we breathe in.
And, for this reason it is advisable that one should wear a respirator or mask. When wearing a mask or respirator the most important part is to ensure that it seals your nose and mouth effectively. Otherwise, pollutants can enter through the gaps and contaminate the filtered air. But how should one decide, which type of mask is suitable for them and for that we need to understand what all masks are available.
Respiratory masks can be grouped into three categories:
- Simple flat masks as worn by doctors while operating
- Highly beneficial where there is heavy particulate matter density in the air as they are effectve at filtering out particulate matter
- Does not offer protection against harmful chemicals
- It is a good idea to wear these masks while travelling through dusty zones or when caught in a storm
- Offer protection only for a limited time
- Cannot bot be reused
- Cost around few hundred rupees
- Respirators have similar structure as that of surgical masks
- They fit the face better that surgical mask
- Have filters installed and protection against particulate matter and against certain gases and chemicals
- For better protection, they should be washed regularly against harmful fumes and particulate matter encountered
- Should be used while travelling through heavy traffic zones and while working in construction zones
- Ideal way to to protect yourself
- Cost around few hundred to thousand rupees, based on thier quality and brand
- Gas masks are often worn in chemical laboratories
- Special replaceable filters offer full protection against, both particulate matter and harmful chemicals
- Basic mask costs around 1000 rupees and higher based on quality and brand
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult the doctor and ask a free question.
Amebiasis is a parasitic infection most commonly caused by entamoeba histolytica. The parasite may cause both intestinal and extra-intestinal disease. Intestinal disease manifests as fever, chills, bloody or mucoid diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, or alternating diarrhea with constipation.
Amebiasis is ubiquitous and typically transmits by the fecal-oral route. Here are steps to help avoid getting this infection.
Steps to prevent amoebiasis
1) strengthen your immune system. Your first defence is your immune system and keeping it in excellent shape will help to prevent an infection from entameoba histolytica:
- Drink enough pure water per day to keep you properly hydrated.
- Eat plenty of fiber from fresh fruit, vegetables, and grains.
- Don't dilute your stomach acid, it destroys most bugs. Avoid using antacids and baking soda (neat) where possible and don't drink liquid right before, during, or after a meal.
- Take vitamins if you're not getting sufficient amounts from your food. Nourish the digestive system with a daily multivitamin, plenty of zinc and vitamin a.
2) take care while travelling.  be very careful about where you source your food and water from and reassure yourself of its cleanliness. Also be careful about where you swim.
3) practice good hygiene. Good hygiene is a key way to prevent contacting amebiasis, whether you're at home or traveling:
- Always wash your hands with soap and warm running water for at least 10 seconds after defecation and after changing baby diapers.
- Always wash your hands with soap and warm running water before preparing or eating food. Also scrub your fingernails prior to food preparation.
- Clean toilet seats before using, especially in public bathrooms. Use alcohol wipes or commercial toilet wipes made for the purpose.
4) Take care with water sources. Do not drink untreated water contaminated by feces. Boil water of undetermined quality prior to drinking, or use bottled water if you cannot be sure of the water's quality, especially when travelling.
5) aware of and implement safe food handling and eating practices. Avoid eating unpeeled or uncooked fruits or vegetables of questionable quality. Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly, peel fruits, and boil vegetables prior to eating.
- Boiling food above 50c or 122f will kill e. Histolytica cysts.
- Keep fruits and vegetables dry during storage. E. Histolytica cysts are killed by desiccation.
- Avoid dining at public places that appear unclean or that have questionable sanitary practices. Do not share sauces in one container with others in a party.
- Be careful of salad bars, as salads can harbor the parasite.
6) control flies. Flies can carry the parasites. Protect foods against fly contamination by shielding them with a cover.
7) dispose of all human feces in a sanitary manner. If you have a garden near a septic tank, ensure that the tank is fully contained, not leaking, and is regularly emptied by trained personnel. If you're camping, keep all human waste activities well away from cooking and sleeping areas.
Dr anil kumar mehta.
These worms are found in the gastro-intestinal tract of a person, primarily on the intestinal wall. Intestinal worms mostly strike during the rainy season. Stomach worms are quite common in children, and can cause pain in the stomach as well as during motions.
How human-being getting the intestinal worms?
- Eating contaminated food,
- Eating food with dirty fingers,
- Faulty living style,
- Walking bare foot,
- Eating undercooked flesh foods, poor sanitation
- Worms can enter through the mouth, the nose and the eyes
- Sexual contact can also be a cause of intestinal worms.
How to prevent stomach worms?
- A healthy immune system along with hygienic habits and sanitised surroundings are needed for prevention of worm infections.
- Proper washing and cleaning of fruits and vegetables before consuming raw is necessary.
- Maintaining personal hygiene is the easiest and the most effective way of preventing the infection. Clean your hands and legs each time you go out.
- Try to avoid eating foods from street vendors.
- Do not forget to wash your hands after changing diapers, cleaning house, holding uncleaned food stuffs, handling animals.
- Eating fruits and green vegetables is a good way of detoxifying your body and is considered as the easiest method of killing parasitic worms.
- Drink plenty of water. Water also has tendency of detoxification. Drinking about 8-10 glasses of water a day will help a lot.
- If you are suffering from stomach worms, then strictly avoid all fatty foods like oil, butter and cream.
- Meat (including red meats) must not be taken until the infection is completely cleared. Yoghurt will help you in restoring your digestive health.
Tips for killing stomach worms,
- Avoid carbohydrates, especially those found in refined foods, fruits, juices, dairy products and all sugars.
- Consume more raw garlic, pumpkin seeds, pomegranates, beets, and carrots, as all of them have anti-worm properties.
- Drink a lot of water to enhance good bowel, which will in turn promote elimination.
- Consumption of fibber also helps get rid of worms.
- Add a number of robotics to your diet to prevent the parasites from spreading.
- Digestive enzymes help in restoring the intestinal tract to its normal state. This makes it inhospitable to parasites.
- Consistent doses of vitamin c and zinc also help in reduction of worms. However, vitamin c dose should be lowered in case of diarrhoea.
- Carrot juice contains digestive enzymes naturally, which can help eliminate worms from your body. Consume at least 1-3 glasses of juice from carrot daily.
The most commonly used medicines are:
Apart from the regular medicines, there are a number of herbs which help in killing or reducing the stomach worms. They can be ingested in the form of dried extracts (capsules, powders, teas), glycerines (glycerine extracts) or tinctures (alcohol extracts). However, caution should be exercised and they should be taken strictly under the supervision of a health practitioner.
Some of the commonly used herbs are:
- Garlic (allium sativum)
- Barberry (berberis vulgaris)
- Goldenseal (hydrastis canadensis)
- Oregon grape (berberis aquifolium)
- Tea tree oil (melaleuca alternifolia)
- Anise (pimpinella anisum)
- Wormwood (artemisia annua)
- Curled mint (mentha crispa)
- Black walnuts (juglans nigra)
Many people prefer natural home remedies for viral fever. Here are ten natural home remedies to reduce a high fever:
Take a bath: soaking in a tub of lukewarm or cool water may help you feel better.
Control the heat: lower the room temperature via thermostat or by opening a window. Keep a warm blanket close by in case you have chills. Use the blanket instead of difficult-to-remove items of clothing to self-regulate the temperature. Eating cold food might also help: popsicles, cold yogurt, and/or applesauce.
Drink lots of liquids: water or clear liquid is best (chicken broth, juice, uncaffeinated tea). The anti-oxidants found in most fruits might also help, and if there's vomiting or diarrhea, a drink with electrolytes might help. Herbal teas and ingredients that aid fever reduction include catnip, echinacea, elder flower, eyebright, feverfew, honey, lemon balm, lemon peel, lemon verbena, lemongrass, peppermint, pleurisy root, purpurea leaf, sage, stevia leaf, and yarrow.
Lemon socks: squeeze out the juice of one lemon into a cup of hot (but not scalding) water. Soak a pair of thin cotton socks in this lemon water, squeeze out the excess liquid, and put on the socks. Pull a pair of thick woolen knee socks over the lemon water-soaked socks so that you don't get your sheets wet. Keep the two pairs of socks on all night.
Hot and cold socks: first, prepare one basin of hot water and one basin of ice cold water. Next, soak a pair of thin ankle socks in the cold water. While you're doing this, soak your feet in the hot water for a minute. Then, towel off the excess water and put on the socks that were soaked in cold water. Wear another pair of socks over the wet socks to protect your sheets. Keep the socks on for several hours.
Damp washcloth: soak a washcloth or face towel in lukewarm water, squeeze out the excess water, and for 10 minutes, pat the cloth or towel gently from your elbows down to your hands and from your knees down to your feet. This works by pulling the heat away from your core and from your head, where excessive heat can harm your organs, on to your limbs where it is then released through the pores.
Lemon: slice a lemon (or other citrus fruit) in half and rub one half all over the soles of your feet. You may also use socks to keep slices of lemon against the soles of the feet overnight.
Garlic: crush, puree, or slice up a clove of raw garlic and eat it. You can mix it with honey to make it more palatable.
Garlic and olive oil: crush 2 garlic cloves and mix them with 2 spoons of olive oil. Warm the mixture up a bit before applying it to the soles of your feet before covering with a plastic wrap overnight.
Vinegar: add half a cup of vinegar to your bathwater and soak in it for at least 10 minutes.
Potato and vinegar: soak a few slices of potato in vinegar for 10 minutes then place them on your forehead topped by a washcloth or small towel.
Raisins: in half a cup of water, soak a handful (about 25) raisins. After a while, crush the raisins with a spoon to mix them with the water. Then add the juice of half a lime, strain, and drink this concoction twice a day.
Herbal teas: lots of herbs can be steeped to make teas that are beneficial against numerous medical conditions, including viral fever.
Dr anll kumar mehta.
Wash your hands. Do so often, especially after using the bathroom or touching inanimate objects, like bathroom faucets and door handles, in public places. Also, try to stop touching your face. It sounds silly, but the average american touches their eyes, nose, mouth, or face every 20 seconds, according to gregory poland, md, director of the vaccine research group at mayo clinic in rochester, minn, allowing germs easily access into the body.
Go to bed early. You need plenty of sleep to keep your immune system in tip-top shape this time of year.
Eat healthy food with plenty of vitamins. This will also keep your immune system going strong. Cold and flu season runs in tandem with candy season from halloween to easter. So make an effort to fill your plate with vegetables at lunch and dinner, and snack on fruit throughout the day.
Exercise. We know it's no longer swimsuit season, but do your best to stay moving during the cooler months. Regular exercise is another immune-system booster, which can prevent cold bugs you do catch from making you sick.
Try zinc lozenges. If you feel a cold coming on despite your best efforts to stave off germs, research has shown that zinc lozenges might shorten cold duration" they bind to the viral particles and help prevent some of the replication" says michael benninger, md, of the cleveland clinic" it won't prevent you from getting a cold, but it may make your cold less severe and last not quite as long"
Dr Anil Kumar Mehta.
Spondylosis is a condition where the joints and cushions (intervertebral discs) that form the backbone wear out, generally due to ageing. It occurs mainly in the neck (cervical spondylosis) or lower back (lumbar spondylosis).
When the cushions and joints of the spine are worn out, the spine loses flexibility and becomes stiffer. Bending of the spine for long periods of time (which typically happens when sitting for prolonged periods, especially in a slouched position) puts increased pressure on these cushions and joints which tend to become stuck and stiff. Cervical spondylosis or lumbar spondylosis include the following:
Stiff and painful neck
Lower back pain and tenderness
Stiffness and difficulty moving the back
Tingling sensations in one or both arms, hands, legs or feet
Numbness and weakness in one or both arms, hands, legs or feet
In severe cases of nerve pinching, difficulty in walking, unbalanced or unsteady gait with a tendency to fall especially when climbing stairs
Poor bladder control
Headaches, and occasionally giddiness
Tips to protect your spine
About 90 per cent of the population will suffer from back or neck pain when they reach adulthood, says a/prof tan. When it comes to the back, prevention is best.
Take short frequent breaks away from the computer.
Sit up straight on and off every 10-15 minutes, periodically stand up, walk around and stretch every hour.
Do regular stretching and strengthening exercises.
Keep the top of the computer screen at eye-level.
This way you will be looking down at the screen at a 15- to 20-degree angle which is less strenuous on the neck.
Adopt a good sitting posture
Sit upright and make sure both the feet are on the floor, and the elbows, knees, hips and ankles are at a 90-degree angle. Place a cushion against the back of the chair to support the lower back. When typing for prolonged periods, sit close to the table and rest the elbows on the table to relieve stress from the shoulders and neck.
Dr anil zkumar mehta.
Sleep tips for your kids
Sleep a tips and kids' weight
Does your child get enough sleep? if not, it could affect more than sleepiness at school. Studies suggest there may be a link between skimping on sleep and being overweight. Sleep shortfalls may increase hunger hormones -- so kids eat more. Also, kids are less likely to get exercise (and burn off calories) when they're tired.
To help kids and teens get a good night's sleep:
- Remove tvs, computers, and gadgets from kids' bedrooms.
- Avoid large meals before bedtime.
- Develop a regular bedtime routine.
- Set firm bedtimes and wake times.
- Make sure the bedroom is quiet, dark, relaxing -- and not too hot or cold.
- Help kids quiet down a few hours before bedtime.
- Heavy studying, text messaging, or video games should end in early evening.
How much sleep do schoolkids need? It depends on the child. But here are some general guidelines from the national sleep foundation:
Ages 3-5: 11-13 hours
Ages 5-12: 10-11 hours
Ages 11-17: 9.5-9.25 hours