Palpitations, also known as heart palpitations, is a sensation that is similar to the pounding or fluttering of the heart. During palpitations, the rhythm of the heartbeat fluctuates. Sometimes, a person may feel palpitations when he or she becomes overly conscious of his or her heartbeat.
The condition is usually harmless and mostly resolves on its own. It may occur as a result of excessive stress, exercise, high caffeine intake, etc. Sometimes, palpitations may also happen owing to a medical condition such as arrhythmia.
It is generally not a serious or harmful condition and does not require treatment. If you seldom experience heart palpitations that last for a few seconds, there is nothing to be worried about. However, if you have a history of heart disease and are experiencing frequent palpitations, you should consult your doctor.
Palpitations have been classified into the following types:
There are certain symptoms that are associated with heart palpitations. Some of those are:
Also, you must see your doctor if your palpitations are becoming more frequent with time and are worsening. Chest discomfort or pain, fainting, severe shortness of breath and severe dizziness are some signs that should never be ignored. Seek immediate medical help.
Heart palpitations usually feel like the heart is throbbing or fluttering too heavy or too fast.. Besides the chest, people often experience palpitations in the neck or throat.
There can be many. However, some of the most common causes of heart palpitations are:
A healthcare practitioner will diagnose heart palpitations after a thorough physical exam. He or she may ask certain questions about your health condition, physical activity, existing prescriptions, caffeine intake, menstrual history etc.
Some of the tests that might be conducted to diagnose the condition include:
Other than these test these are the few other tests performed for better diagnosis:
Treatment will be provided only if, after going through the test results, your doctor believes that you have a serious heart condition. In other mild cases, there is no need for treatment.
Heart palpitations rarely necessitate medical treatment. The symptoms usually subside and resolve on their own. Your physician may recommend some lifestyle changes to help you avoid the palpitation triggers. However, if the palpitations are caused by an underlying medical condition, then your physician may follow a treatment regimen that addresses that condition.
Yes, heart palpitations that are not caused by an underlying medical condition can be prevented. You can start with some of the following measures to reduce the risk of heart palpitations:
Palpitations are often caused by regular consumption of alcohol. Limiting alcohol can reduce heart palpitations caused by the beverage. Similarly, palpitations caused by anxiety can be stopped by practising mindfulness and meditation.
Heart palpitation shouldn't worry most people. However, it may be worrying for people who have started experiencing sudden palpitations and for no explicitly clear reason. It may be a sign or a symptom of an underlying cardiovascular problem such as:
Heart palpitations usually don't last for too long. If not caused by an underlying heart condition, palpitations usually ease on their own.
Diagnostic tests may cause temporary redness or itching in your skin due to the instruments that are attached. Do not worry; the effects wear off soon.
You should avoid consuming illegal drugs. Limit the amount of tobacco and alcohol intake. Make sure that your meals are filled with healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, pulses, meat, fish etc. Avoid heavy work out sessions. Exercise according to your age and as per the instructions of your doctor.
The time period of recovery depends on the kind and severity of the condition you are diagnosed with. Normal palpitations go away with time.
One session of consultation with your doctor may cost around ₹400 - ₹800. The cost of ECG is between ₹300 and₹1100. Echocardiogram may cost ₹1200 - ₹1900. Holter testing costs ₹3500 - ₹6000.
You can get rid of heart palpitation by following simple home remedies. These remedies include:
The validity of results depend on the kind and severity of condition you are diagnosed with.
You can try to control the palpitations by reducing stress or anxiety. Meditation, yoga and deep breathing help in doing so. Illegal drugs like cocaine and amphetamines are known to bring on heart palpitations. Stay away from them. Excess caffeine, nicotine and energy drinks also contribute in bring on palpitations. Limit your consumption.