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Overview

Atrial Fibrillation - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Atrial fibrillation?

Irregular beating of the heart is known as atrial fibrillation. It increases the incidences for heart disease and stroke. Fatigue, weakness and dizziness are all signs of an atrial fibrillation. Treating it requires lifestyle changes and medications and often procedures like ablation, cardioversion, and surgery or pacemaker placement. The heart has an abnormal functioning electrical system in atrial fibrillation. Other problems in health cause wearing out of the heart and makes it difficult for the cardio vascular system to perform at its best.

What are the symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation?

Often heart affecting health problems cause atrial fibrillation, such as:

An incidence of hyperthyroidism or pneumonia can cause atrial fibrillation. It goes away after the underlying disease has been treated. Sometimes the doctor may not be able to find the underlying cause for atrial fibrillation.

An electrocardiogram can be the simplest and best way to detect the presence of any atrial fibrillation. A physical examination and medical history is also usually done along with it. You may be asked by your doctor to record the heart rhythm in instances when they think you have an atrial fibrillation which undulates. This is known by different names like ambulatory EKG, 24 hour EKG, ambulatory electrocardiogram and cardiac-event monitoring. This device may be used by your doctor to see the efficiency of a medicine.

It is difficult to predict the atrial fibrillation treatment for you as a lot of it is dependent on the symptoms you show and the risks you have for other medical problems.

Treatments for atrial fibrillation are designed to make your overall health improve and avoiding any future problems, mainly heart failure and stroke.

How is the condition treated?

Three main treatment types are available:

  • Treatments for slowing the heart rate
  • Treatments aimed at controlling the heart rhythm
  • Treatments for avoiding a stroke

Treatment for Stroke Prevention

Atrial fibrillation can become dangerous when the heartbeat isn’t steady or strong as blood might pool or collect in the atrium. Pooled blood has greater chances of forming clots. Clots can spread via the blood vessels to anywhere in the body, like the brain and lead to a stroke. A doctor can predict the likeliness for you to have a stroke by assessing your health and age. This can be of utmost importance for both your doctor and you to lower the risks.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test not required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Shortness of breath Abnormal heart beat Fatigue Dizziness Weakness

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Do You Have Atrial Fibrillation - All You Need To Know?

MBBS, Master of Surgery - General Surgery, Magistrar Chirurgiae (Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Cardiologist, Faridabad
Do You Have Atrial Fibrillation - All You Need To Know?

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Cardiologist.
3148 people found this helpful

What Are The Different Types of Atrial Fibrillation?

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology, Fellowship in Interventional Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
What Are The Different Types of Atrial Fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation.
2951 people found this helpful

Possible Causes And Risk Factors Of Atrial Fibrillation

M.Ch - Cardio Thoracic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Cardiologist, Durgapur
Possible Causes And Risk Factors Of Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation.
3585 people found this helpful

Risk Associated With Atrial Fibrillation!

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Noida
Risk Associated With Atrial Fibrillation!

Atrial fibrillation is a condition that results in rapid heartbeat leading to heart failure, stroke, and other cardiac complications. In this condition, the upper valves of the heart beat irregularly. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include weakness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. There could be several episodes of Atrial fibrillation. Although it is not life threatening, there could be serious complications owing to the nature of the condition. Atrial fibrillation can also lead to a condition known as the ischemia.

What are the different types of Atrial fibrillation?

  1. Occasional- This condition is also known as paroxysmal fibrillation. Here the symptoms come and go. For few patients, the symptoms might stay for a few minutes, for others, it can stay up to hours before everything becomes normal again.
  2. Persistent- The beat of the heart does not go back to normal. Medication along with electric shocks might be required to amend the condition.
  3. Long-standing persistent- This is the kind of Atrial fibrillation that can last up to 12 months at stretch.
  4. Permanent- This is the type where the erratic rhythm of the heartbeat can’t be restored. Long term medication is required to fix the condition.

What are the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation?
Some of the possible causes of Atrial fibrillation include Coronary artery disease, sleep apnea, viral infection, lung diseases, exposure to tobacco, caffeine, etc, metabolic imbalance, hyperactive thyroid gland, viral infections, congenital heart defects, stress due to illness, pneumonia and surgery, history of heart surgeries etc.

What are the risk factors for Atrial fibrillation?
Here are some of the common risk factors for this condition:

  1. Age plays a critical role in any cardiac related disorder. The older a person is, the greater are the chances of Atrial fibrillation
  2. High blood pressure along with unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of Atrial fibrillation
  3. People with a history of obesity can get this disease
  4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, thyroid problems can lead to Atrial fibrillation
  5. People with an existing heart condition such as heart problem, heart palpitation, valve failure, coronary artery disease etc have an increased risk of suffering from Atrial fibrillation.

How is Atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
A doctor might use one of the many tests or diagnostic technique that are available to diagnose this condition:

  1. ECG- This is first but an important test to fathom whether there are any irregularities in the heart beat. The sensor presents in the ECG machine throws heart bit diagram in the form of graphs.
  2. Echocardiogram- This is a technique wherein sound waves are passed through the heart and an image is taken to understand about any possible irregularities. This is a fine test that can readily detect underlying and structural heart diseases.
  3. Blood tests- Blood tests can help to identify any thyroid irregularity or other condition that might lead to Atrial fibrillation.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2987 people found this helpful

Symptoms, Types and Treatment For Atrial Fibrillation

MD - Cardiology, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardoology
Cardiologist, Rudrapur
Symptoms, Types and Treatment For Atrial Fibrillation

We all know about the heartbeat, which is produced by the opening and closing of the valves in the heart, which in turn controls our blood flow. There is a regular pattern to this beat, and when, due to various reasons, it becomes irregular, it is known as arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation, known shortly as AFib, is one of the common types of arrhythmia.

Why AFib: The heart has an electrical impulse system, which controls the opening/closing of its valves. Due to various changes, be it lifestyle, dietary, or regular wear and tear, this electrical system is affected and so the valves do not function properly. This leads to altered rhythm, and when it happens on the right side of the heart, in the valves between the two atria, it is known as atrial fibrillation.

Signs and Symptoms: It is not something which shows up as soon as the onset happens. It is a gradual condition, and many people with AFib may go for months with no symptoms. There could be general symptoms like fatigue and headaches. Gradually, more symptoms like heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, occasional chest pain, or fainting set in. It is usually when workup for some other disease is being done.

Monitoring the pulse or heartbeat is one of the best ways to keep a check on the condition.

Types: There are different forms of it – paroxysmal, persistent, and permanent. In the first one, there are brief bursts of AFib lasting less than 7 days. With gradual progression, symptoms are more frequent and last longer, converting into persistent AFib, which lasts longer than 7 days. If the condition is longstanding and the doctor (as well as the patient) have decided not to treat it, it is permanent AFib.

Risk Factors: The chances of developing AFib increase with family history, age, obesity, smoking, hyperthyroidism, chronic lung diseases, and sleep apnea.

Living with AFib: It is a longstanding condition, and the following precautions are necessary, which are generally heart-healthy.

  1. Quit Smoking: In addition to the multiple benefits of quitting, managing AFib is one.

  2. Diet Changes: Change to a heart-healthy diet with whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, increased fish oils, reduced fat, reduced salt and sugar etc.

  3. Work It Out: Get into an exercise regimen. Discuss with your doctor to identify and agree on the type and level of exercise. This helps manage weight and stress, both essential for controlling AFib.

  4. Manage Alcohol Consumption: Avoid excess consumption of alcoholic beverages. Avoid them completely if they trigger symptoms.

If you have the risk factors for AFib, implementing these changes earlier than the onset of symptoms can help delay progress and reduce severity of the symptoms. Consult an Expert & get answers to your questions!

2980 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

If I take cordrone100 mg for atrial fibrillation for a long time how much is it safe and if not pls suggest some other medicine for the same which you thing is safe and suggest me some other therapy also to permanently cure this disease.

DNB Cardiology, MD - Medicine, FACC-Fellowship American college of Cardiology, FESC- Fellowship ESC, FSCAI- Fellowship SCAI
Cardiologist, Mohali
Hi, there is no permanent solution to at fibrillation. You have to take medicine. Taking cordrone for long time is also not safe although you r taking less dose. There are so many other safe medicines than cordrone. But for taking those you have to consult urs cardiologist.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Atrial fibrillation?

What are the symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation?

How is the condition treated?

Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice