Being a cruciferous vegetable, radishes have a number of nutrients that are beneficial for our body in a number of ways. Consumption of radish helps to heal the symptoms of piles, treat leucoderma, keep your skin moisturized and body hydrated and also relieves symptoms of constipation. Furthermore, it helps to treat urinary and kidney disorders, regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics, prevents cardiovascular diseases and also improves body immunity. It is useful in preventing colon, stomach and oral cancers, reduces pain and swelling and is even instrumental in treating various respiratory disorders.
Radish or Raphanus sativus is a root vegetable belonging to the Brassicaceae family. It belongs to the family of cruciferous vegetables and, like other members of this family, contains characteristic oil which is the source of its pungent flavor. There are a number of different varieties of radishes around the world and they differ in size, colour and weight. Radishes have a number of beneficial applications and they can also be consumed raw, cooked or pickled.
Radishes are rich in nutrients and vitamins and will provide a lot of benefits if incorporated in your diet. They are very low in calories and do not have any cholesterol. They contain protein and fiber in substantial amounts. Radishes are rich in Vitamin C which is essential for strengthening body immunity and also serves a range of other purposes. It contains minerals like potassium, calcium, iron and manganese while folate is also present in plentiful quantity.
Radish is widely considered as a natural remedy for jaundice and radish leaves are the most useful in this regard. They have a powerful detoxifying effect and help to eliminate toxins and blood and thus help to purify blood. It is useful in controlling jaundice as it helps to remove bilirubin and even regulates its production. Radish also helps to prevent the breakdown of red blood cells in people suffering from jaundice by increasing the supply of oxygen.
Radishes have diuretic properties and hence helps to clean out the kidneys by stimulating the production of urine. Radish juice is effective in curing inflammation and reduces the burning feeling that a person may experience during urination. By stimulating urine production, radishes help to prevent any infections in the urinary system or in the kidneys and also help to prevent other kidney disorders.
Vitamin C, present in radish, acts against the free radicals in our body and prevents any damage to body cartilage. Vitamin C also aids in the formation of collagen, the substance which makes up the cartilages in our body. Thus consuming radishes help to prevent or delay the onset of conditions like arthritis.
Including radish in your diet can help to fight different strands of cancer like colon, stomach, intestinal, oral and kidney cancers. This is due to the presence of Vitamin C, folic acid and anthocyanins which are powerful anti-oxidants. In addition to this, radishes also contain isothiocyanates that alter the genetic pathways of cancerous cells and cause apostosis or cell death. This prevents the cancer cells from reproducing.
The anthocyanins present in radish have anti-inflammatory properties that help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. They also help to check other effects like peripheral artery disease, heart failure and even kidney diseases. The anthocyanins help to circulate metabolites and prevent cardiovascular ailments by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation.
If you want to lose weight, you can include radishes in your diet as they are low in digestible carbohydrates, high in roughage and contain a lot of water. They are also high in fiber content which adds bulk to your stool and facilitates its easy expulsion. The fiber content also makes you feel fuller and prevents you from overeating. This helps you to lose weight.
Radishes have anti-congestive properties and help to prevent irritation of the nose, throat, windpipe and lungs. These irritations are mainly caused due to colds, infections, allergies and other reasons. Radishes help to protect the respiratory system from infections as they are rich sources of vitamins and can act as disinfectants.
Radishes contain potassium, a vasodilator, which helps to relax the blood vessels and increase the blood flow. It thus reduces the blood pressure by regulating the flow of blood. Consumption of radish does not impact blood sugar levels as they have a low glycemic index. The vegetable also regulates the absorption of sugars in the blood stream and hence is safe for diabetics to consume.
Radish is good for your skin due to the presence of Vitamin C, B vitamin, zinc and phosphorus. The water content in this vegetable helps to keep your skin moisturized. Radishes also have disinfectant properties and help to prevent skin disorders like dry skin, rashes and cracks.
The presence of Vitamin C in radish makes it an excellent choice for it to be included in your diet for boosting body immunity. Vitamin C helps to regulate body metabolism and helps in the formation of collagen. Collagen helps to strengthen blood vessel walls and prevents the onset of various cardiovascular diseases.
Radish juice, when rubbed into the scalp, helps to treat dandruff and hair fall. A mixture of radish juice and olive oil helps to treat dry skin and cracks. Consuming radish regularly helps to eliminate dandruff, makes your hair healthy and shiny and even makes hair roots stronger and scalps healthier. Smashed raw radish acts as natural cleanser and as an effective face pack. Radishes are often used in salads, side dishes or even main courses and they add a specific flavor to any dish.
Radish juice, when rubbed into the scalp, helps to treat dandruff and hair fall. A mixture of radish juice and olive oil helps to treat dry skin and cracks. Consuming radish regularly helps to eliminate dandruff, makes your hair healthy and shiny and even makes hair roots stronger and scalps healthier. Smashed raw radish acts as natural cleanser and as an effective face pack. Radishes are often used in salads, side dishes or even main courses and they add a specific flavor to any dish. Radishes are also used as appetizers and as mouth fresheners.
Radish has diuretic properties that stimulate the production of urine. But consumption of too much radish will lead excess loss of water from our body and may lead to dehydration. Excess radish consumption may also lead to low blood pressure and also cause hypoglycemia. People with gallstones and pregnant women should also abstain from eating this vegetable.
There has not been any concrete evidence depicting the exact origin of radish but wild variants were found in South East Asia. The first written record of radish dates back to 3rd century B.C. Ancient Romans and Greek have written about them and when the Americas were rediscovered, radish was one of the first vegetables to be bought there from Europe.
Radishes require full exposure to sunlight and can be grown in a wide variety of soil types. This vegetable grows best in cool or moderate temperature. It grows in tropical regions too but requires a lower temperature range of 15-25 degrees to grow fully. Light, friable loam soil that contains samplehunus is best suited for its cultivation. The roots become ready for harvesting in 40-45 days after sowing depending on the variety.