Acidity is a medical condition that is caused due to excess production of acid. This acid is produced by the glands of the stomach. Acidity causes signs such as ulcers in the stomach, gastric inflammation, heartburn, and dyspepsia.
It is usually caused due to several factors such as irregular eating patterns, lack of physical sports or activities, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, fad diets, and poor eating habits. People are more prone to developing acidity in places where people consume more non-vegetarian, spicy and oily food.
A lot of medications such as NSAID (Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also make an individual more susceptible to developing gastric acidity. Acidity is characterised by a deep burning sensation after consuming a heavy meal. Indigestion and constipation are also common in people who have acidity.
It can be cured by Home Remedies or by consuming antacids and implementing healthy. A technique is known as endosperm also provides immense relief from acid reflux. Common signs of acidity include indigestion, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, constipation, restlessness and burning sensation in the stomach & throat.
Our stomach usually produces gastric acids which help in digestion. The corrosive effects of these acids are balanced by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate which are secreted in the mucous lining. This damages the stomach lining and causes acidity.
Other factors which cause acidity include:
Acidity occurs when the gastric glands in the stomach produce an overabundance of acid and the kidneys can not get rid of it. It usually comes with heartburn, reflux, indigestion. Typically, acidity is caused by consuming extra spicy food, coffee, overeating, having a low-fibre diet.
People who are prone to acidity are:
The difference between acidity and gas is:
However, when the excess gas is produced or trapped because of eating large meals or spicy food, it is released through a burp.
It can mild to extreme and sometimes cause stomach pain if it is trapped or when the digestive system is not running smoothly.
One can follow a number of methods to prevent acidity and they are quite simple to follow:
Acidity is diagnosed with various methods. Some of these are listed below:
Acidity can be cured by consuming antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium. Many times, H2 receptor blockers (histamine blocking agents) like nizatidine, famotidine, ranitidine, and cimetidine are used. Proton pump inhibitors are also prescribed by the doctor if you have severe acidity. Acidity can also be treated by Home Remedies such as consuming bananas, cold milk, aniseeds, cumin, cardamom, cloves, mint leaves, and ginger.
You can also prevent acidity by avoiding spicy foods or pickles during meals, eating more vegetables and fruits, not consuming non-vegetarian food, avoiding medications such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) & steroids and reducing stress.
Sometimes acidity can also be caused by consuming food just before sleeping. This provokes the stomach enzymes to flow back to your esophagus and cause acid reflux. This can be extremely detrimental to health.
It has been found that Vitamin C from the fruits, vegetables, supplements help to relieve acidity and its symptoms. Vitamin C helps the body absorb the iron, aids in digestion, and promote healthy gums and teeth.
Some of the natural ways to reduce the acidity are as follows:
Also Read: Home remedies for acidity
Though acid reflux is common in all, do visit a gastroenterologist if the symptom is recurrent. This potential condition will not disappear on its own. Untreated acid reflux or GERD will lead to esophageal inflammation, ulcers and cancer too. Immediately consult a gastroenterologist if you feel
During your visit, the doctor will examine, esophagus, stomach, duodenum to determine the cause and will provide you the appropriate treatment.
Treatable by medical professional
Usually self diagnosable
Lab test not required
Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
The food that helps reduce acidity are:
Acidity or acidosis leads to the imbalance of pH in the body, it usually happens when the kidney and lungs are unable to remove excess acid in the body. This thus then leads to acidity.
Milk may help buffer the acid in the stomach and absorb the excessive acid produced in the body. It can also help alleviate acidity indications like reflux or heartburn. However, milk should be taken pain and cold with no added sugar.
Warm water is great for flushing out toxins from the body and makes food breakdown easier. Additionally, water has a neutral pH which thus helps increase the pH in the stomach and reduce acidity.
Drinks that are good acidity are:
Coffee does not help with acidity as it stimulates the excessive gastric acid production in the body which may rise up to the oesophagus. Coffee thus increases the acidity as well as heightens its symptoms. Along with coffee, it is advised to avoid caffeinated drinks while suffering from acidosis.
Curd is really good at controlling acidity, it is a natural antacid and a probiotic. Curd contains good bacteria that has a soothing effect on the stomach, helps acidity, and gives a boost to the immune system.
Acidity is of two types:
Foods that are rich in acid are: