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Acidity - Symptom, Treatment, And Causes

What is Acidity?

Acidity is a medical condition that is caused due to excess production of acid. This acid is produced by the glands of the stomach. Acidity causes signs such as ulcers in the stomach, gastric inflammation, heartburn, and dyspepsia. It is usually caused due to several factors such as irregular eating patterns, lack of physical sports or activities, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, fad diets, and poor eating habits. People are more prone to developing acidity in places where people consume more non-vegetarian, spicy and oily food. A lot of medications such as NSAID (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also make an individual more susceptible to developing gastric acidity. Acidity is characterized by a deep burning sensation after consuming a heavy meal. Indigestion and constipation are also common in people who have acidity. It can be cured by Home Remedies or by consuming antacids and implementing healthy. A technique is known as endosperm also provides immense relief from acid reflux. Common signs of acidity include indigestion, nausea, sour taste in the mouth, constipation, restlessness and burning sensation in the stomach & throat.

What causes acidity?

Our stomach usually produces gastric acids which help in digestion. The corrosive effects of these acids are balanced by the production of prostaglandins and natural bicarbonate which are secreted in the mucous lining. This damages the stomach lining and causes acidity. Other factors which cause acidity include:

  • Consuming non-vegetarians and spicy foods.

  • Excessive stress.

  • Consuming too much alcohol.

  • Smoking frequently

  • Medications such as NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

What are the Symptoms of Acidity?

  • Burning sensation in the stomach
  • Belching.
  • Burning sensation in the throat.

Treatment for acidity:

Acidity can be cured by consuming antacids that contain aluminum, calcium or magnesium. Many times, H2 receptor blockers (histamine blocking agents) like nizatidine, famotidine, ranitidine, and cimetidine are used. Proton pump inhibitors are also prescribed by the doctor if you have severe acidity. Acidity can also be treated by Home Remedies such as consuming bananas, cold milk, aniseeds, cumin, cardamom, cloves, mint leaves, and ginger. You can also prevent acidity by avoiding spicy foods or pickles during meals, eating more vegetables and fruits, not consuming non-vegetarian food, avoiding medications such as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) & steroids and reducing stress.

Sometimes acidity can also be caused by consuming food just before sleeping. This provokes the stomach enzymes to flow back to your esophagus and cause acid reflux. This can be extremely detrimental to health.

Key Highlights

Treatable by medical professional

Usually self diagnosable

Lab test not required

Short-term: resolves within days to weeks

Non communicable

Symptoms
Burning sensation in the stomach Burning sensation in the throat. Belching.

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Popular Questions & Answers

Actually 3 years ago I took 2 ibuprofen pills 400 mg and suffered severe stomach pain next day. I looked up online and misdiagnosed this as gerd as painkillers is the cause of gerd. But actually it was possible gastritis or ulcer. I immediately stopped ibuprofen and took rabeprazole as an antacid. Now the thing is that for gastritis/ulcer, it is important to have a continuous therapy of ppi for 2-3 weeks. But I thought that 2 pills can not damage stomach that much. I used to take rabeprazole but with a gap of 1-2 days only when I felt pain in stomach. So basically used as" as needed" basis for symptomatic relief. This was my first mistake. But the bigger picture to my surprise was that my acidity and stomach pain issues lasted for about 6 to 8 months. And I used ppi as needed as I knew its a safe medication. But never did a course for 1-2 months with the medicine. I am having anxiety about 2 things. Question 1- did this happen because stomach lining could not repair due to inadequate acid suppression? Is stopping nsaid altogether not effective enough for stomach lining to repair itself without the introduction of ppi or h2 blocker in the body? Question 2- I regret that I did not see a doctor for this problem, later came to know that h pylori could also be responsible. Final question- if h pylori bacteria is not eradicated and leads to ulceration and person just takes occasional antacids for relief, and I assume the case becomes worst --progresses to gi bleeding or perforation. What is the ultimate prognosis. Is there any lifetime compromise with the digestion process. Are there patients eventually saved with endoscopic stoppage of blood followed by antibiotics and ppi suppression to kill the bacteria. Or vagotomy (removal of stomach) is also required in extreme cases. And also if any mortality/ death due to this event? Kindly enlighten me. I have faith in you. And also please comment on stomach lining ability to repair itself after stopping nsaids, but not providing enough acid suppression (assuming there is continuous irritation of hydrochloric acid on the affected inflamed/ulcerated area from time to time). Additional information - I never smoked or drank alcohol in my life.

lybrate-user, you are thinking too much, gastritis after nsaid is very common esp in chronic use that's is the reason they are combined with ppi, gastric ulcer leading to bleeding and perforation are not very common it is usually seen with chronic...

I'm a 27 years old and having problem of bloating and gas when consulted with Dr. he told it's because of stress but I don't think so i'm stressed out.

Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Stress and anxiety can cause bloating and acidity problems. Stress may not be identifiable for a normal person. But professionals can help you. Hope I have answered yo...
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