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Vomiting - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Vomiting?

When food is thrown out of the stomach involuntarily or voluntarily through the mouth it is called vomiting. Vomiting happens for a wide variety of reasons like – motion sickness/ sea sickness, first trimester of pregnancy, emotional stress, gall bladder disease, infections, heart attack, overeating, brain tumour, cancers, ulcers, bulimia, and ingestion of toxins or excess alcohol.

Vomiting can be different at different ages.

Children suffer from vomiting due to viral infections, milk allergy, overeating, feeding, coughing, blocked intestines or illness which has high fever. In infants vomiting is caused due to blocked intestines. Intestinal blockage may be caused due to tumours, hernia or gallstones.

In adults is very rare. Vomiting may be due to pregnancy, excessive alcohol consumption, ulcer, food poisoning, bulimia, or food poisoning. There may be some underlying causes is vomiting is followed by headache or fever.

Some diseases like Crohn’s syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome can also cause vomiting. Crohn’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease when the body attacks healthy gut tissues of the stomach. Irritable bowel syndrome is when parts of the gut start to overreact. Bulimia is a disorder that causes forced vomiting when a person is anxious about his body image.

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Some diseases like Crohn’s syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome can also cause vomiting. Crohn’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease when the body attacks healthy gut tissues of the stomach. Irritable bowel syndrome is when parts of the gut start to overreact. Bulimia is a disorder that causes forced vomiting when a person is anxious about his body image.

Vomiting may be a symptom of serious health issues like brain tumour, migraine attacks, appendicitis, concussion in the head, meningitis.

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition suffered during pregnancy, when the mother has recurring vomiting. This is a grave condition when the mother loses lots of fluids and minerals. This may endanger the life of both mother and child.

Excessive vomiting can result in tearing up of the oesophagus. This condition is called Mallory-Weiss tear and the condition is called Boerhaave's syndrome. It is a medical emergency.

Self treatment of vomiting is possible by controlling some factors that cause it. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and medications that cause vomiting can give relief. Drinking large amounts of fluids and avoiding solid foods till vomiting subsides also helps. Plenty of rest is required for the person to recover.

A person who has vomiting can consult a doctor to overcome the condition. Medications like Phenergran, Benadryl and Tigan can overcome the condition.

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The main risk in vomiting is dehydration. When children have vomiting, they cannot express dehydration symptoms, so checking the symptoms like sunken eyes, dry lips and mouth can enable parents to understand that the child is dehydrated. Oral electrolytes can overcome dehydration. In adults, drinking plenty of fluids and rest can overcome dehydration. In infants the parents should check for symptoms like dry diapers to understand that the baby is dehydrated and give proper fluids.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test not required Non communicable
Symptoms
Nausea Fever Abdominal pain Lightheadedness

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Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is pregnant since 14 weeks. Suffer for heavy vomiting, gas problem & indigestion. Take pan 40 once &doxinate. But no improvement. Please suggest a medicine for vomiting and indigestion.

Please get an ultrasound done to make sure all is well. Apart from that some blood tests and dietary modifications may be needed. Do get her bp checked as well.

I am 2 months 10 days pregnant. I vomiting all the things which I eat .i can't tolerate any kind of smell .and I am unable to take folic acid medicine. Whenever I took folic acid I vomit it .please help me out .what should I do .my weight is 49 kg.

Nausea and vomiting affects as much as 70 to 80 % of pregnant women..In majority of cases it subsidies by 16 weeks.. Some precautions and drug therapy may be helpful., 1) Avoid triggers : avoid food or smell that is worsening your condition.. 2) F...
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My mom is seriously sick. 2011 my mom did surgery of gallbladder stone. From 2017 she visited many doctors because after eat her meal drink water then she every day vomited and inside her belly hard she feel something. From 2 days her belly inside hard and she can't able to move only staying on bed.

It seems you are having gastric outlet obstruction. Most common causes are pyloric stricture and cancer. I suggest you to have an ultrasound abdomen done. I suggest you should urgently see a surgeon. Kindly make a personal consultation to me regar...

I am having problem of vomiting when drink water after having a meal. Even if I overeat a more, I feel like vomiting. Is it normal or shall I go for a test or any treatment. please suggest.

Hello Friend, Good that you are seeking a help here. Don't try drink water immediately after food. Leave 30 to 45 min for digestion. Afterwards try to drinks warm water or water with ginger or lime juice. This should help you to avoid vomit sensat...
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Vomiting?

Vomiting can be different at different ages.

More about :

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