Vaginal dryness is one of the most common diseases that effect the level of comfort in females of all ages. This generally occurs during the menopause or even post the menopause in females. Though being experienced by most of the female, they hardly tend to move ahead in consulting a doctor for advice. Most of the women keep it to themselves and survive with the uneasiness of vaginal dryness. The definitive quotient of vaginal dryness speaks of thinning of the padding of the vagina that results in acute dryness in that part. A common cause of vaginal dryness is fluctuations in hormonal balance. According to the famous American Congress Of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the lack in the level of estrogen that deals with the hormone in the passing of fluid in the vaginal canal. A lack of the estrogen level is also experienced during childbirth while breastfeeding, surgery cases in ovaries, chemotherapy or radiation effect for the treatment of cancer and even intake of anti-estrogen medicines. Vaginal dryness does not only results in a feeling of discomfort but lack of lubricant can be dangerous for a female. It gives rise to excess problems during intercourse and leads to the growth of infection. If you are experiencing symptoms of dryness, itching or burning in the vagina, avoid neglecting it. Further, painful intercourse or light bleeding after intercourse is alarming symptoms to opt for a doctor’s treatment.
If you feel any burning or itching sensation in the vaginal section of your body, consulting a gynaecologist would be safe. Feel free to speak all symptoms and uneasiness you are going through. Primarily, the doctor would have a thorough look at your health history. A detailed look at the medical history helps the doctor in scrutinizing the issue and even figure out if something worse lies in your case. Further, the doctor is likely to prescribe a pelvic exam. This will enable the doctor to figure out the thinning and the redness in the area. This medical examination will evaluate the reasons for your vaginal discomfort along with a checking the probability of urinary tract infection. Even in some cases, Pap Test is necessary for which a test cell is taken from the vaginal wall.
In accordance with the result of your test, the doctor will prescribe you lubricants that would enhance the fluid flow in your vagina avoiding it to dry. He may also prescribe some dose of medication balancing the fluid flow to the vaginal canal.
However, only medication and cream for lubricants is not enough. These would provide you temporary relief. Your diet and lifestyle have got a huge influence in the treatment. It is essential for you to maintain a proper diet as most of the fluid comes from the intake of sodium, calcium, potassium and various other electrolytes. A high diet enriched in fatty acid helps in producing additional lubricants in the body. Food items like fish, pumpkin(raw), sunflower seeds, sesame seeds are rich in fatty acids. Even intake of food that contains isoflavones is definitely an advantage. It helps to restrain the decline in estrogen level in the body. Added to that, it is very important for the person to remain hydrated as intake of more fluid in the body is both good for the skin and vagina too.
The females who are suffering from acute vaginal dryness are required to undergo a treatment. However, vaginal dryness is very common and experienced by 95% of females either during or post-menopause. In this regard, treatment for vaginal dryness is required for everyone at some point of time.
The females who aren’t experiencing vaginal dryness and generally maintain an intake of diet that provides sufficient fluid flow to the vaginal canal do not require the treatment.
Generally, doctors tend to prescribe Osphena for vaginal dryness. This drug influence certain adverse symptoms during menopause, affecting the flow of various hormones. A female suffering from vaginal dryness is generally prescribed cream as lubricants along with a dosage of Osphena.
The doctor is likely to prescribe some medicines and cream that would act as a lubricant in your vagina. However, when you are done with the treatment and feeling better, you should follow few post-treatment guidelines.
You must maintain a strict diet that would provide enough fluid flow in your body. Intake of protein and food rich in fatty acids turns useful in the process. Added to that, proper and careful cleaning is necessary. Even cannabinoid oils are an added advantage to maintain the fluid flow.
Vaginal dryness in a female lasts depending on its cause. Minor issues get recovered within few days of medication, whereas severe causes make the recovery process lengthy.
The cost involved in the treatment of vaginal dryness is basically the medication cost and the consultation fees of the gynaecologist. However, in case of severe reasons for vaginal dryness, the treatment cost gets higher.
Results of treatment for vaginal dryness is generally permanent considering it does not include any severe cause.
The basic criteria is to maintain a diet that provides enough fluid flow in your body. Keeping your body hydrated avoids vaginal dryness. Even, water-based lubricants can help in adding moisture to the lining of the vagina. Moisturizers can be used for better results. These moisturizers are widely available in the market that promises to sustain the moisture for more than three days for each time used. Other alternatives to the treatment are black cohosh and wild yam.
Rs 1000 - Rs 3000
Bacterial Vaginosis is a vaginal disorder, which is caused due to a bacterial infection, and is characterized by abnormal vaginal discharges and foul vaginal odor. This is a mild disorder, which persists for only a few days and it happens when the bad vaginal bacteria outnumber the good vaginal bacteria.
The common risk factors of Bacterial Vaginosis are:
Most women suffer from gynaecological infection at least once in their life while some may suffer from them multiple times. The most common infections that affect women’s reproductive tracts are vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease or the dreaded PID. What’s even worse is the fact that these dangerous infections are often missed in women due to lack of information and the absence of health services, especially in rural parts of the country.
Let’s take a quick look at each one of the above four gynaecological infections:
Vulvitis is an inflammation of the vulva, the tender folds of skin outside the vagina.
Common symptoms include-
Causes can include anything from the use of toilet paper, swimming in pools, synthetic underwear, rubbing against a bike seat, bubble baths to shampoos and deodorants…
Usually, urine tests, blood tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases are used to diagnose this infection. Vulvitis can be caused due to a number of reasons and it’s also a symptom of other more dangerous diseases, hence its treatment is done taking all these factors into mind.
Treatment can include-
Vaginitis refers to any inflammation of the vagina. Usually, the inflammation strikes the walls of the vagina. It can be infectious or non-infectious. This infection is common in women of all ages with one-third of women reporting suffering from the infection at some time during their lives.
These can be many like infection with bacteria, yeast, viruses etc. Chemicals in creams or sprays, and even clothing can cause the condition. It can be sexually transmitted too. Your hormones, overall health and other diseases you may have – all of these also determine whether you’ll get vaginitis.
The 3 types of vaginitis are-
Vaginitis should always be taken seriously. If left untreated, vaginitis can cause PID which can lead to infertility. If you get a discharge- a frothy white discharge or a colourless discharge with a fishy disorder and see redness around your vagina and pain during urination or sex- don’t take it lightly, but fix an appointment with your gynaecologist ASAP. He or she will mostly treat you using antibiotics.
This is an irritation or infection of the cervix. It is caused by a number of different organisms and it can be either acute or chronic. Common causes are sexually transmitted diseases or STDs like-
Pelvic exam and tests for STDs are used for diagnosing this infection. Treatment includes the use of antibiotics for the victim and her sexual partner to prevent re-infection.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection that affects the woman’s entire reproductive tract like the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. It causes scar tissue formation which grows between internal organs leading to chronic pelvic pain. PID can also lead to ectopic pregnancy or a pregnancy which happens when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Untreated PIDs can lead to chronic infection and infertility.
The main cause of PID is bacteria. Intra uterine device use is also linked to PIDs.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Bacterial vaginosis is an infection of the vagina that occurs due an imbalance of the vaginal bacteria. The naturally occurring bacteria in the vagina overgrow in number and this creates the imbalance. This disorder is very common among women, especially who are pregnant. This problem is usually not very serious and tends to go away in 4-5 days. However, in certain cases, they can cause serious complications:
The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are:
1. You may experience vaginal discharge that is white or gray in color
2. You may have constant itching in your vagina
3. The vaginal discharge usually has a foul smelling odor
4. You may have a burning sensation while urinating.
Causes behind it:
Vaginal bacteria can be either good or bad. Any disruption in the delicate balance of the vaginal bacteria can lead to bacterial vaginosis. There is no exact known cause of this disorder, but it is believed that having multiple sex partners increases this risk. Other factors can be:
This disorder may also lead to various complications such as:
There are certain preventive measures that you can adopt to prevent this condition:
1. Using soaps which contain no or very little chemicals
2. Use latex condoms during sexual intercourse to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
3. Don’t clean your vagina on a regular basis
If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
In the course of their life, women have to go through a lot of changes and challenges that make them wiser and better at handling the circumstances that they faced. Women go through physical as well as emotional changes when they reach puberty. Also, after the menstrual cycle begins the lady has to struggle through different pre-menstrual symptoms each month. It is because of the menstrual cycle that women are able to conceive and give birth to life, which means that it can be safely said that the source of all human life is owed to the menstrual cycle of women.
It is however, seen that when the menstrual cycle comes to an end in the form of menopause and the uterus takes a retirement, the women going through menopause end up experiencing difficult times and health issues. A lot of women complain of severe mood swings, depression, increased fatigue, hot flashes, dryness in the vaginal region and even problems like osteoporosis in a lot of cases. While these may sound like deadly challenges and a lot of women may lead unhealthy lives by accepting the changes, it should be realized that the problem is treatable.
Hormone replacement therapy:
When the menstrual cycle works regularly, it ensures that the level of hormones in the body are regularised and the body does not face discomfort, but when menopause strikes the body stops making the important hormones and throws the system out of order. In order to make sure that the body remains healthy and the problems related to menopause are kept at bay, it may be important to replenish the body with the hormones and this is how the hormone replacement therapy works.
HRT or hormone replacement therapy is found to be a common medication and type of treatment in the modern times, but this does not mean that the patients may be safe by getting their treatment from just any doctor. It is particularly essential to make sure that the best gynaecologist in the field is chosen and the therapy is started only with the right expertise. The administering of the hormones may be a tricky treatment and if the patient is not in the right hands, they may fall prey to problems such as inadequate or excessive hormones, which may in turn be a source of more health issues.
Choosing your expert:
Running a simple search on the internet about how the treatment for hormone replacement should be taken and the doctors who specialize in the course of treatment may lead you to a number of reliable names. With the help of the search and a thorough study about the background and experience of the specialists so that you are able to put yourself in safe and able hands only. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
How to treat vaginal dryness?
Production of estrogen slows down and eventually stops during menopause. Quite a few changes take place when this happens. Often these changes are unwelcome. Irregular menstruation happens and finally stops. Mood swings, hot flashes, increased facial hair and deepening of the voice may happen as well. Another common menopause symptom is vaginal dryness, as it affects one third of all women. Any age group can experience vaginal dryness due to various factors. It may initially appear to be just an irritation, but reduced vaginal moisture may adversely affect sexual performance. Thankfully, multiple treatment options are available for relieving vaginal dryness.
Vaginal dryness caused by reduced estrogen levels can be easily treated by applying topical estrogen. It compensates for the body’s reduced estrogen production Three common vaginal estrogen types used by most women are:
To keep the lubrication in the vagina constant, one can use vaginal moisturizers. These can be bought from a supermarket or at a drugstore, however, bubble baths, douches, lotions and scented soaps should be avoided. Such products may increase vaginal dryness.
However, topical estrogen should be avoided by women:
1. Who have been diagnosed with breast cancer, more so when they are using aromatase inhibitors
2. Who have had/have endometrial cancer
3. Who suffer from vaginal bleeding, the cause of which cannot be identified
4. Who are breastfeeding or are pregnant
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.