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Menopause: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Sep 20, 2023

What is the treatment?

Menopause is the time that marks the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is a natural decline in reproductive hormones. Women undergo this change at the age of 40-50 years. It is diagnosed after a woman goes one year without a menstrual period. In the time leading to menopause, you may experience vaginal drying, loss of breast fullness, irregular periods, hot flashes, mood swings, weight gain, slowed metabolism, thinning of hair or dry skin. This natural, biological period cannot be avoided or be cured to achieve the previous condition. However, there are treatments and medications available to help you get through it. Make sure that you follow a healthy lifestyle and act as soon as you feel any signs of menopause.

How is the treatment done?

You must consult a doctor if you feel the symptoms are becoming are too painful or unbearable. Hormone therapy is considered to be the most effective one to deal with menopausal hot flashes. Estrogen of the lowest dose and the shortest time frame will be administered to provide symptom relief for you. Estrogen may also be administered directly to the vagina if you seek solution to vaginal dryness. This treatment, done in the form of vaginal cream, ring or tablet, releases a small amount of estrogen that is absorbed by the vaginal tissues. Gabapentin drugs like Neurontin and Gralise can help to treat seizures as well as reduce hot flashes. Clonidine drugs like catapres and kapvay are used to treat high blood pressure as well as for providing relief from hot flashes. After considering your condition and medical history, your doctor may prescribe certain medications or Vitamin D supplements to prevent or treat osteoporosis.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are a woman at the age of around 45-50, experiencing irregular periods, hot flashes, weight gain, vaginal drying etc. you must consult a doctor and get the appropriate treatment for you.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your signs and symptoms are not painful and are not causing a hindrance in your daily activities, there is no need to go for treatment or medications.


Are there any side effects?

Long term use of hormone therapy is known to have cardiovascular and breast cancer risks. Therefore, only short term use of this therapy is recommended. Some medications may cause temporary redness, rashes and irritation in your skin.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The most important thing you must look after is your health. Make sure that you are consuming a healthy diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, rice, pulses, meat, fish, nuts, dairy products etc. Keep making regular appointments with your doctor in order to keep a check on your condition. Exercise regularly, according to your doctor’s advice, to keep your body active and healthy.

How long does it take to recover?

Menopause is a lifelong condition. It cannot be cured or be treated to regain the previous condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

One session of consultation with a doctor may cost between ₹1100 and ₹1700. The cost of hormone therapy will depend upon every individual’s need and condition. Gabapentin drugs may cost around ₹70 per 100mg. Clonidine may cost around ₹20 per tablet.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Menopause cannot be treated or cured. Medications and treatment will just help in getting through it conveniently.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are no alternatives to this treatment but some practices can help you deal with your condition better. Try to remain in cool environments and dress in layers. Avoid caffeine and get enough sleep. Stay away from tobacco and illegal drugs. Consume a healthy and balanced diet and exercise regularly. Staying sexually active can help in increasing blood flow to the vagina.


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Written ByDr. Irina DeyMBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,Diploma In Gynaecology & Obstetrics,DGO,DNB - Obstetrics & GynecologyGynaecology
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