Gabapentin is a prescriptive drug primarily used to prevent seizures. It belongs to a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. Aside from seizures, Gabapentin is also used to cure hot flashes, restless legs syndrome (RLS) and postherpetic neuralgia. It treats nerve pain in adults by affecting the chemicals and nerve responsible for these pains and seizures. Gabapentin is found in capsule, tablet or solution form and can be used in combination with other drugs. Another brand of this medicine is Neurontin which can be given to both adults and children (at least three years of age). Although the same kind, do not substitute one for the other, only use the brand that has been specified by your doctor.
While under Gabapentin medication it is advised that you avoid activities that may include lifting heavy objects or driving as common side effects of this drug are feelings of drowsiness, slowing down of cognitive skills and dizziness. Others include problems with coordination, speech problems, nausea, tremors, double vision or sudden jumpy movements. If these effects persist and become more severe with the passage of time notify your physician immediately. Serious side-effects may include anger, restlessness, insomnia, skin rashes. An allergic reaction to Gabapentin called anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome can be fatal.
Before taking this medicine inform your doctor of the following conditions mentioned below:
- If you have kidney or liver disease.
- If you are already prone to epileptic or other kinds of seizure attacks.
- If you have diabetes.
- If you have depression, mood disorders, or harbor thoughts of suicide.
- If you are pregnant, are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
The daily dosage for Gabapentin in adults is about 300mg to 600mg about three times a day. Measure your dose with a cup or a spoon or a syringe. The gaps between the three doses should not exceed 12 hours. This drug can be taken with or without food. In case of a missed dose take it as soon as possible. Do not drug overdose. If already time for your next dose skip it. Contact your doctor instantly in the case of drug overdose.
Postherpetic NeuralgiaGabapentin is used in the treatment complication of shingles, which is caused by the chickenpox virus characterized by pain or burning sensation of the skin.
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 15 to 21 hours.
What is the onset of action?The effect of this medicine can be observed in 2 to 3 hours.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women unless necessary. The benefits and risks should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.
Is it habit forming?No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?This medicine is known to excreted through the breast milk. It is not recommended in breastfeeding women unless necessary. Monitoring of drowsiness and body weight is necessary.
Missed Dose instructionsIf you miss a dose of Gabapentin, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If itâ€™s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.
Overdose instructionsSeek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Gabapentin as ingredient
This medication works by binding to the calcium channels and increases the concentration of GABA and reduces the release of monoamine neurotransmitters, thus reduces the excitability of brain cells and helps to treat convulsions.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Impaired Kidney FunctionThis medicine should be used with caution in patients with kidney impairment. Monitoring of kidney function is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on CrCl.
Interaction with Alcohol
AlcoholConsumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it increases the risk of side effects like dizziness, difficulty in concentration. Do not perform activities that require mental alertness like driving or operating machinery.
Interaction with Lab Test
LabInformation not available.
Interaction with Food
FoodInformation not available.
Interaction with Medicine
DuloxetineThese medications may cause dizziness, confusion and breathing difficulty if taken together. Inform the doctor if you are receiving antidepressant or antipsychotics. Dose adjustments are to be made if any symptoms appear based on the clinical condition.
BuprenorphineThese medications are not recommended together due to the risk of breathlessness and other central nervous system effects. Inform the doctor if you are receiving any antidepressants or antipsychotics. Dose adjustments are to be made if any symptoms appear based on the clinical condition.
Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.
Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.