The countless nerves in our body send signals to the brain including the signal for pain. Pain has a very important function of protecting our body against external damage. But this signaling does not work properly in people with nerve pain. They might get the sensation of pain but without understanding its cause. Nerve pain, which is also known as peripheral neuropathy or peripheral neuritis, usually occurs due to some physical damage or disease.
Cancer and other tumors can cause neuropathic pain as the tumors tend to press on the surrounding nerves. Chemotherapy drugs can also cause nerve pain as they can damage the nerves. One of the first symptoms of a person suffering from HIV is nerve pain in the hands and feet. A diabetic person is prone to nerve pain as high levels of glucose in blood can damage the nerves. A person can suffer from severe nerve pain if he/she suffers from postherpetic neuralgia. Nerves can also get severed, compressed or crushed due to some physical injury and this may cause nerve pain.
The treatment for nerve pain depends on the age of the patient, underlying cause, costs and potential side effects. A person will have to undertake treatment for the underlying disease in such cases. However the different treatments options for nerve pain include use of topical treatments, anticonvulsants, anti-depressants, pain killers, electrical stimulation and, in some cases, surgery.
The treatment for nerve pain involves the use of anticonvulsants and tricyclic anti-depressants such as Amitriptyline, Nortriptyline and Desipramine. There are also other prescribed anti-depressants such as Venlafaxine and bupropion which are very effective for some people. Doctors may also prescribe Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) like Paroxetine and Citalopram. Sometimes, a person may also be given non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Aleve or Motrin to deal with nerve pain.
Sometimes topical treatments like creams, gels, lotions and patches help to deal with nerve pain. A doctor can recommend anticonvulsants together with anti-depressants to a patient suffering from nerve pain. Tricyclic antidepressants can help to deal with nerve pain caused due to diabetes, HIV or cancer chemotherapy. People suffering from severe nerve pain or from nerve pain due to cancer generally opt for opioid painkillers. Furthermore, some treatments like transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) use electrical impulses to block the pain signals sent by the damaged nerves.When all other treatments fail, a doctor may recommend anesthetic injections to ease the pain. The doctor may also recommend surgery. Sometimes alternative therapy like meditation, acupuncture and massaging the affected nerve can produce favourable results. Making some changes in lifestyle also help to deal with nerve pain.
A person suffering from nerve pain can experience symptoms of pain, a pin-and –needle sensation, numbness and weakness. A person may feel a burning or tingling and sharp sensation while the main areas where a person may experience pain are back, hands, thigh, foot and face. A person may also experience poor balance in his/her entire body and have tingling fingers of feet and slow reflexes. A person experiencing these symptoms is eligible for treatment. Nerve pain can affect a person badly and without any apparent reason. In such cases, a person can seek treatment.
A person suffering from pain due to cuts, bruises and or some injury is not eligible for treatment of nerve pain. A person suffering from some chronic disease or some mental ailment should consult a doctor before taking any medications for treating nerve pain.
The side-effects associated with the use of tricyclic antidepressants are blurred vision, sweating, dry mouth, restlessness, drowsiness, dizziness and racing heartbeat. The anticonvulsants used to treat nerve pain can cause drowsiness, dizziness, swelling in the legs and feet and confusion. The possible side-effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can be dry mouth, drowsiness, nausea, nervousness, agitation, diarrhea and even sexual problems like reduced sexual appetite. Anesthetic injections can cause swelling, bruising, itching or redness in the area where the injections have been administered. They may also cause mild dizziness and nausea.
A doctor will generally advice a patient to take rest and to adopt a healthy diet so that he/she can keep nerve pain at bay. Light exercises may also be recommended to ease the pain. A person will also have to regularly monitor his/her blood sugar levels as high blood sugar levels can cause nerve damage. A person should incorporate foods rich in Vitamin B12 and anti-oxidants as they help to build up nerves.
A person suffering from nerve pain due to nerve damage will take a lot of time to recover. Some damaged nerves can be surgically repaired and a person will take about 3-6 months to recover from that. However, in case of nerve pain due to not so serious a cause, a person can recover within a week or two with the help of medications. However, in some cases, the nerve damage can be irreversible and a person can suffer for his/her lifetime.
The cost of treatment for nerve pain varies greatly depending on the diagnosis, methods of treatment and the type of interventions used. If you have a minor neuropathic pain that can be treated with drugs, it may cost between Rs 5000 and Rs 20000. However, for surgical and related procedures, a person may have to pay 6-15 lakhs depending on the hospital and the city.
Nerve pain generally occurs to some disease or physical damage. Nerve pain causes a person to get the sensation of pain without understanding the cause. It is a complex scenario and the results depend on the condition and also the treatment that is given to the patient. When nerve pain occurs due to conditions like HIV or diabetes, a person may have to deal with the disease first. The person will recover completely only after he/she has successfully dealt with the disease. A person suffering from nerve pain due to nerve damage has a hard time recovering completely.
Nerve pain due to diabetes can be managed by following a healthy diet, managing the blood glucose levels, exercising lightly and also by quitting smoking and drinking. A person suffering from nerve pain in his/her foot can treat it by checking the feet regularly, going to a podiatrist and wearing comfortable shoes. The easiest and least expensive home treatment for nerve pain is a warm bath.
Rs 5000 - Rs 15 lakhs
Typical Trigeminal Neuralgia and Atypical Trigeminal Neuralgia.
The typical form or this disorder results in certain episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain in one side of the face, which lasts for seconds to few minutes.
Trigeminal Neuralgia may have symptoms which include one or more of patterns like the following:
A person might come across spontaneous attacks of pain or even attacks which might get triggered by certain things like touching the face, chewing, speaking or even while brushing the teeth.
When trigeminal neuralgia occurs, the trigeminal nerve’s function gets disrupted. The problem occurs through a contact between an artery or a vein and the trigeminal nerve at the base of one’s brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve, thus causing it to malfunction.
Trigeminal Neuralgia can occur due to people getting aged or due to any kind of disorder that causes damage to the myelin sheath that protects certain nerves. A number of triggers can lead to the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, which include:
What Is Radiofrequency Ablation for Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Radiofrequency Ablation or RFA is a technique by way of surgery, which helps to direct high-frequency heat on to the targeted areas of the body, such as tumors and tissues. When a person suffers chronic pain that means the high-frequency heat is getting targeted to the nerves.
A person suffering from trigeminal neuralgia, would have his or her doctor, who is a neurosurgeon, uses radiofrequency ablation to hit the trigeminal nerve, thereby destroying the nerve’s ability to get the pain signals transmitted to one’s brain.
Medication is the first line of treatment for trigeminal neuralgia by a neurosurgeon, to see how the patient reacts. If that person suffers from severe pain in the face and does not show any improvement through medication, then the doctor might recommend him/her to go for radiofrequency ablation surgery.
How Is The Procedure Conducted?
During the radiofrequency ablation for trigeminal neuralgia, people remain awake and asleep at different times. The process includes:
When the patient is asleep under the influence of general anaesthesia, a neurosurgeon would carefully place a needle through the corner of one’s mouth in order to reach the trigeminal nerve, which lies at the base of the skull. Then, once the X-rays confirm the needle is right in place, the neurosurgeon would wake the patient up, stimulate the nerve and ask the patient if he or she could feel the stimulation exactly at the place where the pain is experienced. This particular step confirms that the doctor has hit the right location. Once, the patient gets back to sleep, the doctor uses radiofrequency heat to minimally injure the nerve, sufficiently enough to induce a numb feeling on the face along with tingling, thus take the pain away.
The condition of persistent pain in the body, where an outbreak of the Varicella Zoster virus has caused Shingles, is termed as post-herpetic neuralgia. It is a debilitating complication of the herpes zoster virus. The blisters that occur in shingles develop a crust formation and neuralgia begins after these crusts are formed. It may also occur in people who do not produce the crustaceous lesions. A burning pain that is long-lasting, even after the rash and the blisters disappear, is observed. There is a criteria of the pain to be persistent for around three months for the confirmation of post herpetic neuralgia.
The cause of this condition is damage of the sensory nerves that can occur due to the movement of the reactivated Herpes Zoster virus from the nerves to the skin. In an individual affected with chickenpox, the infection can involve dorsal root ganglia, where the virus lies dormant. Under conditions like stress due to infection or in an immuno-compromised individual, after a period of time, reactivation of the virus takes place. This reactivation causes production of Shingles on the body. The dormant virus reaches the skin and reactivates to produce lesions.
With an increase in age, the chances of developing post-herpetic neuralgia also increase. It primarily affects older individuals in the age group of 60 to 70 years. Treatment is aimed at pain management and providing symptomatic relief, with improvement of the neuralgia over a period of time. Symptoms of this condition are limited to the area of shingles’ outbreak. Trunk is commonly affected on a unilateral site. It can also occur on face. Common symptoms include pain lasting 3 months or longer after healing of the shingles rash, allodynia, numbness over the affected area and itching. Even a slight touch of cloth over the affected area can cause alleviated pain to the individual. Disturbed sleep and development of clinical depression is usually associated with post herpetic neuralgia. The medications given for post herpetic neuralgia are aimed at pain relief and resolving of symptoms. Management of chronic pain can be brought about by the use of a combination of pain relieving drug classes.
Some commonly used drugs for treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia are as follows:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
It is very challenging to find operative treatments for chronic pain that offer improved daily functioning. Spinal Cord Stimulation is an excellent pain management method that can be used for patients when their neck or back pain cannot be treated by surgery or other options.
Each year more than 14,000 patients undergo the spinal cord stimulator transplant. The procedure comprises of mild electrical stimulations to the spinal cord. This modifies the nerve activity reducing the pain sensation or sensitivity that reaches the brain.
Neurostimulation therapy recommended by doctors is very effective, especially for chronic pain sufferers. The benefit of this proven therapy is that the pain experienced by the brain is minimized to a great extent. The therapy was designed only after observing how pain is managed by the brain. The therapy approved by the FDA is used to treat the pain caused due to nerve damage in the legs, arms and in the trunk. Spinal cord stimulation for chronic back and neck pain is provided to patients in pain management centers. The staff taking care of patients in these centers are specialized and trained in pain relief -how it occurs and best ways to treat it. Injections are also used to ease the pain.
How to treat back Pain?
Probably the worst pain an individual can experience is back pain, in some cases so severe that it hampers daily life. The treatment options that are used for treating back pain include electrical stimulation to the back and medication to the spine. The most common reason for spinal cord stimulation is failed back surgery. The pain related to the following conditions can also be alleviated through this therapy, scarring of the protective layers of the spinal nerves, painful inflammation and arachnoiditis.
Devices Used for Spinal Cord Stimulation
The devices used for spinal cord stimulation are available in several types but they comprise mainly of three parts. The pulse generator with a battery, a lead wire with 8-32 electrodes and a hand-held remote control that is useful in adjusting the settings of the device, and to switch it on and off. Electrical pulses are delivered to the spinal cord through the electrodes. It is very important that the procedure is carried out by doctors who specialize in pain management or by neurosurgeons. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Ozone local anaesthesia with strict real time radiological control, which ensures the proper placement of Ozone in the center of the disc making it shrink.
Low Sciatica and PIVD
Among working-age people, as many as 20 percent experience back symptoms at least every year. facet arthropathy, sciatica, muscle strain, sacroilitis, bulging or herniated discs and degenerative disc disease. Prolapsed intervertebral discs (PIVD) are the most common cause of low back pain associated with a defined structural Abnormality.
Patients who are not helped by weeks of conservative therapy are often referred for pain that has persisted beyond a four-week period should be referred to a multidisciplinary pain center.
Different Non Surgical Interventions Employed Successfully:
Epidural Steroid Inj.
Epidurogram & Epidurolysis.
Nerve root sleeve/ transforaminal Inj.
Intra-discal steroid inj.
Nucleoplasty- Thermal & Mechanical
Conventional treatment methods for back pain comprise lamminectomy/ discectomy microsurgery, endoscopic disectomy and percutaneous arthoscopic disectomy, among others. These are invasive methods and their goal is to remove or contain the protruding disc. However, these methods have occasionally demonstrated a discrete incidence of failure and/or recurrence. Outcome studies of lumber disc surgeries ranging from 4% to 15%, have been noted. "In case of surgery, the chance of recurrence of pain is nearly 15 percent as against less than three percent in Ozone treatment.</p> <p><strong>Reasons for the failures</strong> of conventional surgeries are:</p> <ol> <li> <p>Dural fibrosis</p> </li> <li> <p>Arachnoidal adhesions</p> </li> <li> <p>Muscels and fascial fibrosis</p> </li> <li> <p>Mechanical instability resulting from the partial removal of boney & ligamentous structures required for surgical exposure & decompression</p> </li> <li> <p>Presence of Neuropathy.</p> </li> <li> <p>Multifactorial etiologies of back & <a href=">leg pain, some left unaddressed surgically.
Understanding the need for Nano-Technology
The use of ozone revolution for treating disc diseases
Muto suggested an intradiscal injection of Ozone for a disc Ozone injection into the intervertebral disc. After that successful outcome has been reported from various European centers. It is very important to note from those reports that complications are remarkably few. Not a serious single life-threatening complication was found even after 120,000 cases of Ozone nucleolysis, which stresses the safety of these procedures.
The most critical portion of performing any of the minimally invasive procedures is the accuracy and safe positioning of the needle (or terminal device) in the centre of the disc space. The risk in ozonucleolysis is particularly minimised, with the use of a very thin 22/25-gauge needle. It may take anywhere from 5 to 30 minutes to position a needle in the centre of the disc space under radiological guidance. Once the needle is safely placed in position, ozonucleolysis is completed in only another 2 to 3 minutes.
How does water contained within the domain of proteoglycans. The water binding capacity of the proteoglycan molecule is partially a property of its size and physical shape, but the main force that holds water to the molecule stems from the ionic, carboxyl (COOH) and sulphate (SO4) radicals of the glycosaminoglycan chains. The ozone can have a direct effect on these carboxyl and sulphate groups, breaking down some of these glycosaminoglycan chains which make up the proteoglycans. The destruction of these cross-linked structures reduces their ability to hold water therefore diminishing the size of the herniation by collagen fibers and signs of regression (vacuole formation and fragmentation)- a sort of disk “<strong>mummification</strong>.”</p> soluble receptors able to neutralize proinflammatory cytokines like interleukin (IL)-1, IL-2, IL-8, IL-12, IL-15, <a href=">interferon, and tumor necrosis factor. Therefore, by reducing the inflammatory components there is a corresponding reduction in pain.
By stimulating fibroblasts & immunosuppressor cytokines
In fact, over 120,000 patients have been treated successfully worldwide using the injection of medical ozone with a success rate of 80-90% and with a near nil rate of procedure-related complications. “The procedure is a safe and effective alternative to open surgical procedure. Patients get the advantage of going home after a short recovery on the same day. They generally go to work within a week and are spared prolonged absence from work and disability,” The treatment relieves pain substantially and, after two sittings, people "can go back to work under medical guidance".
Comparison: 1. More hospital stay One day/day care 2. Complications of prolonged surgery& spine surgery is the treatment of choice for prolapsed disc (PIVD) done under local anaesthesia in a daycare setting. This procedure is ideally suited for cervical & lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. The total cost of the procedure is much less than that of surgical discectomy. All these facts have made this procedure very popular in European countries. It is also gaining popularity in our country due to high success rate, less invasiveness, fewer chances of recurrences, remarkably fewer side effects meaning high safety profile, short hospital stay, no post-operative discomfort or morbidity and low cost.
A healthy nervous system is essential for an individual's body to function normally. Comprising of nerves and cells, the system is responsible for carrying messages from and to the brain and spinal cord from other parts of the body. Thus, damage to a nerve may impair the functioning of your body with less-identifiable symptoms to life-threatening conditions. Understanding the types of nerves and the symptoms due to nerve damage helps you to seek medical help when necessary.
Understanding your nervous system
Three types of nerves connect our body parts
What happens when nerve damage occur?
When the autonomic nerves are injured or damaged the symptoms includes the inability to feel or sense the pain in the chest in case of heart attack or angina or any other issues. A condition named as hyperhidrosis in which you sweat or perspire a lot can occur, and in some people, the opposite (anhidrosis) that is very less sweating might be observed. You might feel lightheaded with dry sensation in mouth and eyes. There might be a problem with the digestion and constipation on a regular basis. You might even experience a malfunction of the bladder along with problem during the sexual act.
Any damage to the sensory nerves can cause pain in different parts of the body along with the problem of sensitivity. You might feel highly sensitive to individual elements or motion whereas other people might observe a drop in their senses. There might be numbness, burning sensation or prickling at certain parts of your body. Peripheral neuropathy is a classic example that occurs due to damage to sensory nerves.
In case of damage to motor nerves or the neurons, one may experience weakness along with muscle atrophy. You might face twitching which is also referred as fasciculation. The dangerous part of harm to the motor neurons is the thing that it can cause paralysis in the person.
Other Prevalent Symptoms
A common symptom of any nerve damage is experiencing a problem in moving certain parts of the body, walking, or running. You might feel stiffness in the legs while changing position if you sit or stand in one position for a long time. Few patients may feel dizzy or clumsy which could be due to the drop in the sensation in your body.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!