Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Change Language

Hypersensitivity: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Hypersensitivity, or what is simply known as allergies, arises when the immune system reacts in an abormal way to the presence of a foreign substance in the body. Allergies are of many type, with some of the commonest forms being drug allergy, food allergies, latex allergy, seasonal allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold, contact dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis. The thing about hypersensitivity or allergies is that not only do the different types manifest more or less the same symptoms but they also have more or less the same treatments. Usually self-care methods, avoidng the allergen as well as having certain medications in severe case is enough to provide relief from the symptoms. However, allergies cannot be cured and they are a lifelong condition.That said, certain types of allergies can be prevented or even cured with the help of a process desensitization. This process is also known as allergen immunotherapy or allergy vaccination. Moreover , this remedy is mostly recommended in case of environment induced allergies or those caused by mosquito bites.

How is the treatment done?

To treat almost cases of allergy, the first thing patients will have to do is avoid or get rid of the allergen immediately. For example, if it's food allergy, the patient will have to immediately stop eating the particular food item that caused the allergy and avoid eating it henceforth. The same holds true for seasonal allergies, allergic asthma, latex allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold and drug allergy. Apart from self-care methods, medications are also administered to control the symptoms of allergy. Medications that are generally used to treat allergies include steroids, antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants. However, the medication administered in the end will depend on the type of allergy one has. These medications will have to be taken immediately after the allergic reaction. These can be either taken orally or in the form of an injection, depending on the severity of the case as well as the type of hypersensitivity one is experiencing. For contact dermatitis, patients may even be prescribed topical antiseptic creams as well as self-care methods such as ice compress and application of sunscreens or moisturizers. Lastly, desensitization is also used as a treatment method and in this procedure, patients are given regular injections of anti-allergic medications.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All patients of mild hypersensitivity are eligible for self-care methods. For severe cases, medications as well as desensitization are necessary.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If the allergic reaction is coupled with other severe complications, then self-care methods and medications will not be enough and the patient will have to be taken to the emergeny care unit of a hospital. Pregnant women may not be eligible for these medications either.

Are there any side effects?

Self-care methods have no side effects but the medications used do. These side effects include dizziness, dry mouth, drowsiness, lassitude, nausea, headache, vomitting and blurred vision among other. The side effects of desensitization hives, sneezing and nasal congestion. In severe cases wheezing, swelling in the throat and chest tightness may occur.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The most important post treatment guideline is avoiding the substance that is responsible for hypersenstivity. Other than that, patients do not have to follow any other guidelines as such.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovering from a bout hypersensitivity does not take very long once the treatment options have been employed. It'll take about half an hour to an hour for the allergy symptoms to wear off, and about a day for the side effects of the medication to wear off.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Anti-allergy drugs cost around Rs. 30. As for allergy vaccines or what is also known as desensitization, the average cost is Rs. 1500 per month.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of desensitization may be permanent. However, those of the medications are not, and hypersensitivity can recure if the patient is exposed to the allergen again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Homeopathy is an alternative to medications and drugs used for the treatment of hypersensitivity.

Popular Questions & Answers

For one week using cetaphil bar soap my face lots of small pimples comes out and it's in red color. Do I need to continue or I need to stop it. Thanks for helping out. What is the best facial wash for oily face?

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
The treatment of acne differs according to the grade of involvement. Some people have more oilyness on the face which results in breakouts. After completing treatment for controlling the active breakouts, tablets can be stopped and creams need to ...

Its been 15 days I can see small allergic rashes on my 11 month old baby tummy area. I gave him cetirizine syrup 2.5 ml for 3 days but no improvement. Kindly advice on the same.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
Dear lybrate-user this can be a simple allergic contact dermatitis. Avoid using soap and you can use olive oil or coconut oil every 4 hour. If it is not resolving, you can consult a dermatologist.

I have skin allergies atopic dermatitis since childhood metrogyl medicine reaction is this affect me taking covid vaccine.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Bhubaneswar
In atopic dermatitis, there is no problem in taking covid vaccine. Metrogyl (metronidazole) reaction has also no impact on vaccination. You should be careful about not taking this drug and related drugs (tinidazole) in future to avoid drug reaction.

I am a 54 years old male. I have been advised levolin 0.63 mg with budecort 1 mg respules with nebulizer. I have allergic bronchial asthma since childhood. Is it better to have duolin in place of levolin along with budecort? I have also been prescribed pulmoclear, alaspan tablets twice a day and wysolone 30 tablet once a day.

MD - Pulmonary Medicine, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pulmonologist, Bangalore
Mr. lybrate-user, the medications are all messed up. U do not require nebulisation everyday and wysolone is not the answer. Such high dose eveeyday can hve so many side effects.

I want to go for covid vaccination soon am 38 years old male. And I take blood pressure tablet daily. Thelma 40 mg and cilacar 10 .10 mg .will these tablets create any issues for vaccination. Should I stop it on the door vaccination and for 3 days atheist. Kindly suggest.

MD pediatrics
Pediatrician, Kolar
You should not be stopping any of the medications which your are taking prior or after vaccination for covid. You should take vaccination, it will be more helpful.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Eczema - How You Can Prevent Its Flare-ups?
Are you experiencing skin itchiness and development of dry, scaly rashes on your skin? This indicates you have eczema, which is a group of skin diseases occurring due to the inflammation and irritation of skin. Atopic dermatitis is the most common...
8323 people found this helpful

Slit - New Methods To Treat Your Allergies!

MS - ENT, MBBS, FAGE
ENT Specialist, Jhansi
Slit - New Methods To Treat Your Allergies!
Sublingual immunotherapy, abbreviated as SLIT, is a new way to treat allergies by doctors without injections or medication. In this method, doctors do not address the allergies with medicines, in fact, patients are administered with very small dos...
1172 people found this helpful

Dust Allergy - Risks, Diagnosis & Treatment Of It!

DNB (Oto Rhino Laryngology), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Pune
Dust Allergy - Risks, Diagnosis & Treatment Of It!
In reality, dust allergy is precipitated by dust mites, a kind of microorganisms that thrive in dust. They acquire their food from dead skin cells and absorb water from the environment and thrive. Moist and warm environments are ideal for them to ...
2755 people found this helpful

House Dust Mite Allergy - All You Should Know!

DNB (Oto Rhino Laryngology), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Pune
House Dust Mite Allergy - All You Should Know!
Dust mites belong to a family of ticks and spiders, and cannot be seen through bare eyes. They thrive in places which are warm and humid. Dust mite allergies are the most common type of allergy found in many people. Patients suffering from house d...
1429 people found this helpful

Eye Allergies - What To Do & What Not To Do?

DNB Ophtalmology, MS - Ophthalmology, MBBS, Fellowship in Medical Retina, Fellowship in IOL & Cataract Microsurgery
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
Eye Allergies - What To Do & What Not To Do?
Eye allergy or allergic conjunctivitis is an adverse immune response of the body that occurs when it comes across an irritating substance or allergens like smoke, dust or pollen. The body assumes these to be harmful substances and releases chemica...
2506 people found this helpful
Play video
Bronchial Asthma
Hi, I am Dr. Parthiv Atul Kumar Shah, Pulmonologist, Ashok One Hospital, Sanchaiti Hospital, Rohit Nursing Home & Apex Super speciality Hospital, Mumbai. Today I will talk about bronchial asthma. Why is this so important in the current scenario. I...
Play video
Allergy & Its Impact On Respiratory System
Hi, I am Dr. Nilesh Chinchkar, Pulmonologist. Today I will talk on allergy and its impact on the respiratory system. Allergies are the main causes of respiratory diseases. Some of the diseases are allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchial asthma, an...
Play video
Things To Know About Acne
Hi! I am Dr. Kiran. I am going to talk to you about Acne. Acne is something that will affect 80% of people at least once in their lifetime. So if you are getting acne you're not alone. First things first- blackheads, white heads- all part of acne....
Play video
General Child Health
Hi, I am Dr. Major Gen. K S Rao, Pediatrician. In every hospital, the pediatric department is very essential. We should always have a good and trained pediatrician who all are there to look after the children. When the growth and development of th...
Play video
Asthma - Know More About It
Good evening. I am Dr. Arunesh Kumar, senior consultant pulmonologist. Today I am going to talk to you about Asthma. As you know in Gurgaon which is one of the most polluted cities in the world and that's official now, asthma is becoming more and ...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice