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Overview

Hypersensitivity: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hypersensitivity, or what is simply known as allergies, arises when the immune system reacts in an abormal way to the presence of a foreign substance in the body. Allergies are of many type, with some of the commonest forms being drug allergy, food allergies, latex allergy, seasonal allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold, contact dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis. The thing about hypersensitivity or allergies is that not only do the different types manifest more or less the same symptoms but they also have more or less the same treatments. Usually self-care methods, avoidng the allergen as well as having certain medications in severe case is enough to provide relief from the symptoms. However, allergies cannot be cured and they are a lifelong condition.That said, certain types of allergies can be prevented or even cured with the help of a process desensitization. This process is also known as allergen immunotherapy or allergy vaccination. Moreover , this remedy is mostly recommended in case of environment induced allergies or those caused by mosquito bites.

How is the treatment done?

To treat almost cases of allergy, the first thing patients will have to do is avoid or get rid of the allergen immediately. For example, if it's food allergy, the patient will have to immediately stop eating the particular food item that caused the allergy and avoid eating it henceforth. The same holds true for seasonal allergies, allergic asthma, latex allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold and drug allergy. Apart from self-care methods, medications are also administered to control the symptoms of allergy. Medications that are generally used to treat allergies include steroids, antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants. However, the medication administered in the end will depend on the type of allergy one has. These medications will have to be taken immediately after the allergic reaction. These can be either taken orally or in the form of an injection, depending on the severity of the case as well as the type of hypersensitivity one is experiencing. For contact dermatitis, patients may even be prescribed topical antiseptic creams as well as self-care methods such as ice compress and application of sunscreens or moisturizers. Lastly, desensitization is also used as a treatment method and in this procedure, patients are given regular injections of anti-allergic medications.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All patients of mild hypersensitivity are eligible for self-care methods. For severe cases, medications as well as desensitization are necessary.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If the allergic reaction is coupled with other severe complications, then self-care methods and medications will not be enough and the patient will have to be taken to the emergeny care unit of a hospital. Pregnant women may not be eligible for these medications either.

Are there any side effects?

Self-care methods have no side effects but the medications used do. These side effects include dizziness, dry mouth, drowsiness, lassitude, nausea, headache, vomitting and blurred vision among other. The side effects of desensitization hives, sneezing and nasal congestion. In severe cases wheezing, swelling in the throat and chest tightness may occur.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The most important post treatment guideline is avoiding the substance that is responsible for hypersenstivity. Other than that, patients do not have to follow any other guidelines as such.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovering from a bout hypersensitivity does not take very long once the treatment options have been employed. It'll take about half an hour to an hour for the allergy symptoms to wear off, and about a day for the side effects of the medication to wear off.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Anti-allergy drugs cost around Rs. 30. As for allergy vaccines or what is also known as desensitization, the average cost is Rs. 1500 per month.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of desensitization may be permanent. However, those of the medications are not, and hypersensitivity can recure if the patient is exposed to the allergen again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Homeopathy is an alternative to medications and drugs used for the treatment of hypersensitivity.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Very Low Price Range:

Rs. 30 - Rs. 1500

Popular Health Tips

Hypersensitivity: What To Do About Too Much Penis Sensation?

Dr. Vinod Raina 92% (4765 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Hypersensitivity: What To Do About Too Much Penis Sensation?
Hypersensitivity: What to Do About Too Much Penis Sensation? When it comes to penis sensation, most men would be quite happy to have more of it. That's why there are so many products on the market that claim to help build a man's penis sensitivity or provide new ways for him to get that "first time feeling" kind of rush. Many men will even change their penis care regimen to include far-fetched ideas that might increase sensation, even the slightest bit. However, there are some men on the other side of the spectrum that deal with far too much sensation. Hypersensitivity can occur for a variety of reasons, and it can lead to all sorts of unhappy outcomes, including premature ejaculation, deflating erections and more. Here's what men need to know when they are dealing with too much penis sensation. Too much of a good thing? Though at first blush it might seem like hypersensitivity would be a good thing, for those who deal with it on a regular basis, it can truly be a hindrance to their enjoyment. But what causes hypersensitivity? 1) Infections. Men who have suffered from a variety of infections might find that their nerve endings are much more sensitive in the aftermath. This might include something as simple as a yeast infection, a urinary tract infection, or more serious infections, such as a tough case of balanitis. 2) Problems with the foreskin. A man who has trouble retracting his foreskin might face serious hypersensitivity, thanks to the fact that the foreskin is usually covering the glans. When it is retracted, the very soft skin at the tip of the penis can be so sensitive that even the slightest touch can hurt - and for some, it might be pleasurable, but far too intense to allow them to hold back their ejaculation during sexual activity. 3) Healing from trauma. Trauma on or around the penis can be a tricky thing, as sometimes it leads to a lack of penis sensation - but it can just as easily lead to sending those nerve endings into overdrive, making the equipment far more sensitive than it was before. This sensitivity might go away as the healing continues, but for some, the penis sensation ramps up enough that they can no longer enjoy the same sexual things they enjoyed before the trauma occurred. 4) Prostate issues. Sometimes an enlarged or irritated prostate can make the penis much more sensitive to touch. This penis sensation might come and go, depending upon a man's prostate health. For some, the sensation increase becomes permanent. Those who suffer from increased penis sensation might deal with problems that go far beyond premature ejaculation. For some, a simple touch of a partner is too much, and the grip they use for masturbation can become unbearable. For others, the hypersensitivity is so bad that even the touch of soft underwear - or, amazingly, the slight breeze of air - can be enough to lead to pain. In that case, speaking with a doctor is essential, as there might be medications or cr mes that could limit the sensitivity of the penis enough to allow a man to have a normal life. It's never a good idea to attempt to reduce penis sensation without a doctor's help; this is because it's entirely possible a man could go too far with home remedies and wind up creating significant nerve damage that doesn't allow him to feel even "typical" sensation anymore. A man dealing with hypersensitivity must still engage in a good penis care regimen to keep the skin as healthy as possible. This can be achieved through the use of a high-quality penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). He should choose a cr me that contains vitamin E and Shea butter, both of which are soothing and gentle to the skin and can help keep it supple and healthy.

Causes and Symptoms of Vulvodynia

Dr. Nupur Gupta 95% (271 ratings)
MICOG, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Causes and Symptoms of Vulvodynia
Vulvodynia is generally identified as a condition, which causes chronic back pain or vulvar pain, but having no identifiable cause. The causes as well as the nature of the condition are very obscure, and until recent times, it had never been considered to be an actual pain syndrome. What is commonly affected is the vulva, or the external female genital organs, consisting of the clitoris, labia and the vaginal opening. Generally, there are two types of vulvodynia: 1. Generalized Vulvodynia: this can mean pain in any part of the Vulva occurring erratically at different times 2. Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: this is limited to the vestibule, or the vaginal opening. It has similar characteristics of a burn, and pain can be incurred only when contact is made, say during sexual intercourse. Symptoms Although not life threatening, signs and symptoms of Vulvodynia can still cause a ton of problems for women. They can create much complication when it comes to daily activities as well as other feelings, like sexual frustration, agitation, depression and low self-esteem. Symptoms can be very erratic and can occur once in a while or all the time. They may be limited to just one specific area or can affect the entire vulva, interfering with daily activities such as walking, exercising and sexual intercourse. Here are some common signs and symptoms: 1. A burning or stinging sensation 2. An aching or throbbing sensation 3. May swell and you may experience soreness; 4. Severe itching and agitation Causes Because the causes are not identifiable, extensive research is still going on in order to decipher the nature of the syndrome. A few possible causes may include: 1. Nerve irritation or injury 2. Genetic abnormalities 3. Muscle spasms 4. Hormonal changes 5. Abnormal responses to infections or traumatic injuries 6. Hypersensitivity to yeast infections 7. Allergies to certain chemicals or substances 8. History of sexual abuse 9. Frequent antibiotic use
3523 people found this helpful

Oral Ulcers

Dr. Charul Kanwar 90% (107 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
Oral Ulcers
Mouth ulcers are sores that appear in the mouth, often on the inside of the cheeks, tongue and gingival tissue. They are painful and take 7-10 days to heal. Ulcers in oral cavity: Traumatic ulcer The traumatic ulcer of the oral mucous membranes is a lesion that is caused by some form of trauma. Different injuries - Biting the mucosa - Denture irritate - Toothbrush injury - Exposure of the mucous membrane to a sharp tooth or carious lesion - Injury to the mucosa by some other external irritant - Cotton roll injury - Factitial injuries Are accidentally self induced injuries on the basic of habit with a frequent psychogenic backgrounde. Gulcer of the tongue caused during an epileptic seizure - Habits such as lip biting - Cheek biting - Unconscious gingival trauma. - Emotional distress - Orthodontic or denture injury - Aggressive dental cleaning - Infections - Hormonal changes - Hypersensitivity to certain foods - Strawberries, lemon, chocolate nut etc - Nutritional deficiencies, iron, folic acid, vitamin B deficiency or lack of track elements such as zinc. 2. Candidiasis - also known as oral thrush is fungal infection that occurs in the mouth or throat due to an overgrowth of yeast. Canker Sores These are small white or yellow centre lesions with a red border. They develop in the mouth on the tongue, inside cheek area, lips, gumline and throat areas, They are not contagious Cold Sores- These sores appear as clusters of red, raised blisters outside the mouth typically around the lips, but they can develop under the nose or under the chin. They are highly contagious. Tooth abscess This occurs when there is a bacterial infection in the nerve of the tooth. Treatment: The treatment is palliative and symptomatic - Antimicrobial agent - Localized corticosteroids - Topical anaestheticslike oralgel or dologel - Preventing injuries of mouth i.e changing the toothbrush regularly and changing ill-fitting denture - Vitamin supplements such as VITAMIN C tablets and vitamin B-COMPLEX - W/S rinse and baking soda rinses. - Peroxyl mouth sore rinse - Chlorhexidine oral rinse
3 people found this helpful

Vulvodynia - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Amit Patil 86% (153 ratings)
Training in IVF / ICSI, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vulvodynia - Causes And Symptoms Of It!
Vulvodynia is generally identified as a condition which causes chronic back pain or vulvar pain but having no identifiable cause. The causes as well as the nature of the condition are very obscure, and until recent times, it had never been considered to be an actual pain syndrome. What is commonly affected is the vulva, or the external female genital organs, consisting of the clitoris, labia and the vaginal opening. Generally, there are two types of vulvodynia: Generalized vulvodynia: this can mean pain in any part of the vulva occurring erratically at different times Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: this is limited to the vestibule, or the vaginal opening. It has similar characteristics of a burn, and pain can be incurred only when contact is made, say during sexual intercourse. Symptoms Although not life threatening, signs and symptoms of vulvodynia can still cause a ton of problems for women. They can create much complication when it comes to daily activities as well as other feelings, like sexual frustration, agitation, depression and low self-esteem. Symptoms can be very erratic and can occur once in a while or all the time. They may be limited to just one specific area or can affect the entire vulva, interfering with daily activities such as walking, exercising and sexual intercourse. Here are some common signs and symptoms:- A burning or stinging sensation An aching or throbbing sensation May swell and you may experience soreness; Severe itching and agitation Causes Because the causes are not identifiable, extensive research is still going on in order to decipher the nature of the syndrome. A few possible causes may include: Nerve irritation or injury Genetic abnormalities Muscle spasms Hormonal changes Abnormal responses to infections or traumatic injuries Hypersensitivity to yeast infections Allergies to certain chemicals or substances History of sexual abuse Frequent antibiotic use
4397 people found this helpful

Chronic Cough - Why It Happens?

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 90% (34247 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Chronic Cough - Why It Happens?
A cough is not necessarily to be worried about always. It is the natural response of our body to throw out harmful particles which somehow managed to enter our respiratory tract. There is sticky mucus situated in the pathway to lungs which plays a major role in trapping harmful particles. Coughing once or twice is generally a natural phenomenon but if it s persistent it is called the chronic cough, and there is a reason to worry. Is your cough chronic? An acute cough aggravates within a very short span of time, maybe 2-3 days. There are situations when coughing doesn t hinder your day to day activities and are easily neglected. Sometimes these infrequent bouts of a cough can persist for long and continue for more than 2 months, which has been characterized as a chronic cough. A chronic cough is sometimes found associated with blocked or running nose. Persons suffering from a chronic cough feel very exhaustive and suffer from a headache, dizziness along with excessive sweating. Under such situations, you must consult a pulmonologist. Know the causes of a chronic cough There are several causes for persistent coughing, and the following are the common causes of a chronic cough and medication is taken in consultation with a trained medical practitioner only. Infections: Bacterial or viral infection in lungs can be one of the causes of a chronic cough. Tuberculosis is one of them which initiates as a chronic cough and is later characterized by emitting blood after cough bouts. Drug Interactions: Antihypertensive drugs have been found to be responsible for a chronic cough in some people. Hypersensitivity to the prescribed drugs is found to responsible for the cough bouts, and change in medication takes care of the issue. Asthma: It s a situation characterized by blockages in the bronchi which disallows the normal air flow during inhalation and exhalation. Due to inadequate oxygen, brain assumes that there is a blockage which needs to be expelled and coughing pattern starts. However, asthma has to be treated, and the bronchi have to be brought back to normal with the help of medication by an expert medical practitioner. COPD: The most common cause of a chronic cough nowadays is COPD, better known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. This is one of the progressive diseases which means it deteriorates with time. Active smokers are the biggest victims of it. Persons exposed to high degree of pollution or similar occupational hazards are also at high risk. Exposure to these pollutants causes inflammatory responses in lungs resulting in the tapering of the airways and destruction of lung tissues. These can be measured by lung function tests. In asthma, the narrow airways can be broadened by external medication, but in case of COPD, it s not possible. To conclude, chronic cough is a preventable disease by reducing the exposure to risk factors as mentioned above. Quitting smoking, improving the indoor air quality with the use of solar cooking and moving on battery run vehicles can prevent COPD from further worsening. You can also undergo pulmonary rehabilitation program which is being counseled and coordinated by many physicians to benefit the individual suffering from the issue.
3611 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am the only kid of my parents. I seem to be hypersensitive. I actually found out dat em one of dos hyper sensitive ppl in d wrld. I seem to do a lot of daydreaming at every instant of my life. Dat includes while eatng. Readng. Driving etc. I don't know how to get rid of this daydreaming and hypersensitivity. Pls help me out.

Dr. Aravinda Jawali 91% (1377 ratings)
BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, MD - Psychiatry, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Your precipitation with dreaming is the main problem, you need to change the habit or thoughts. You may structure your thinking exactly like thinking prioritization of the time. Do attend to need of the moment, by ignoring or teasing thoughts away. You need to learn cognitive behavior therapy under a psychologist for at least 16 hours. Please consult a qualified clinical psychologist who would be happy to help you
1 person found this helpful

Suffering from Skin allergy, looks like hypersensitivity. It's sporadic. Usually comes at night with high skin irritation and can't stop from itching. Medicine intake: 'Levocitrizine' for four days (two times a day), which worked for two days but not long time.

Dr. Jagmeet Kaur 91% (884 ratings)
MD-Ayurveda,Kayachikitsa(Ayurvedic physician), BAMS, MD
Ayurveda, Jammu
Dear user you are suffering from pittaj and rakta dusti. U need to change your life style. Stop taking spicy, oily junk food. No cold drinks, drink lots of water. U need treatment. For more details consult me. Thnx.

I have a cough problem and my doctor suggest me to do CECT CHEST and reports says -few small centrilobular nodules seen in right upper lobe (all segments). Rest of lungs field appears normal. The overlying pleura are normal bilaterally. There is no evidence of pleural effusion. MEDIASTINUM AND HILA Few subcentimetre lymph nodes seen in right paratracheal region. Trachea and its bifurcation and major bronchi are normal. Mediastinal vascular structures appear normal. Cardiac size is within normal limits. Visualized bones appear normal as seen on bone window.

DM (Pulmonology, Critical care & Sleep medicine), MD - Medicine
Pulmonologist, Udaipur
Centrilobular nodules can be seen in a variety of diseases that spread along airways like viral bronchitis, Tuberculosis, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Silicosis etc. HRCT lung window needs to be seen for exact localisation, type of nodules and their distribution along with clinical correlation. Go and see a Pulmonologist.

Is masturbation is injurious to health? Is it cause any problem? please answer me doctor.

Dr. Sucharitra Picasso 92% (11984 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello. Masturbation drains vital nutrients from the body. If body is in the state of good health to recover, supported by healthy food, regular exercise and calm mind, this practice may cause no impact. Continued drain without enough nutrition reach can lead to weakness (trauma), reflected both in mind (lack of self confidence is the most common) and in the body (digestive disorders, hair fall, frequent urination etc). Causes: The most common cause of masturbation is sexual excess; other causes can be Hypersensitivity to touch (treatable), Constipation, indigestion, excessive tea /coffee, tobacco chewing /smoking. Medication: Take Staphysagria 200 and Alfaalfa Tonic - both twice daily for 3 weeks.
1 person found this helpful
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