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Overview

Hypersensitivity: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Hypersensitivity, or what is simply known as allergies, arises when the immune system reacts in an abormal way to the presence of a foreign substance in the body. Allergies are of many type, with some of the commonest forms being drug allergy, food allergies, latex allergy, seasonal allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold, contact dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis. The thing about hypersensitivity or allergies is that not only do the different types manifest more or less the same symptoms but they also have more or less the same treatments. Usually self-care methods, avoidng the allergen as well as having certain medications in severe case is enough to provide relief from the symptoms. However, allergies cannot be cured and they are a lifelong condition.That said, certain types of allergies can be prevented or even cured with the help of a process desensitization. This process is also known as allergen immunotherapy or allergy vaccination. Moreover , this remedy is mostly recommended in case of environment induced allergies or those caused by mosquito bites.

How is the treatment done?

To treat almost cases of allergy, the first thing patients will have to do is avoid or get rid of the allergen immediately. For example, if it's food allergy, the patient will have to immediately stop eating the particular food item that caused the allergy and avoid eating it henceforth. The same holds true for seasonal allergies, allergic asthma, latex allergy, animal allergy, allergy to mold and drug allergy. Apart from self-care methods, medications are also administered to control the symptoms of allergy. Medications that are generally used to treat allergies include steroids, antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants. However, the medication administered in the end will depend on the type of allergy one has. These medications will have to be taken immediately after the allergic reaction. These can be either taken orally or in the form of an injection, depending on the severity of the case as well as the type of hypersensitivity one is experiencing. For contact dermatitis, patients may even be prescribed topical antiseptic creams as well as self-care methods such as ice compress and application of sunscreens or moisturizers. Lastly, desensitization is also used as a treatment method and in this procedure, patients are given regular injections of anti-allergic medications.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All patients of mild hypersensitivity are eligible for self-care methods. For severe cases, medications as well as desensitization are necessary.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If the allergic reaction is coupled with other severe complications, then self-care methods and medications will not be enough and the patient will have to be taken to the emergeny care unit of a hospital. Pregnant women may not be eligible for these medications either.

Are there any side effects?

Self-care methods have no side effects but the medications used do. These side effects include dizziness, dry mouth, drowsiness, lassitude, nausea, headache, vomitting and blurred vision among other. The side effects of desensitization hives, sneezing and nasal congestion. In severe cases wheezing, swelling in the throat and chest tightness may occur.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The most important post treatment guideline is avoiding the substance that is responsible for hypersenstivity. Other than that, patients do not have to follow any other guidelines as such.

How long does it take to recover?

Recovering from a bout hypersensitivity does not take very long once the treatment options have been employed. It'll take about half an hour to an hour for the allergy symptoms to wear off, and about a day for the side effects of the medication to wear off.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Anti-allergy drugs cost around Rs. 30. As for allergy vaccines or what is also known as desensitization, the average cost is Rs. 1500 per month.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of desensitization may be permanent. However, those of the medications are not, and hypersensitivity can recure if the patient is exposed to the allergen again.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Homeopathy is an alternative to medications and drugs used for the treatment of hypersensitivity.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Very Low Price Range:

Rs. 30 - Rs. 1500

Popular Health Tips

Dysmenorrhea - How Ayurveda Can Help You Deal With It?

Dr. Nabanita Das 89% (136 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD(Ayurveda)
Ayurveda, Guwahati
Dysmenorrhea - How Ayurveda Can Help You Deal With It?
Ayurveda refers Dysmenorrhea as Udavartini Yonivyapad . It is a condition where painful cramps are experienced by women during their menstrual cycle. The pain that is experienced is dull or throbbing in nature and is mostly experienced towards the thigh, lower back and mid-abdomen region. Ayurveda believes in eliminating the ama s (toxins), balance the dosha s and set the hormonal balance right. What are the symptoms of Dysmenorrhoea? Some of the typical symptoms through which an Ayurvedic expert can identify Dysmenorrhoea include the following: Intense headache Nausea and vomiting Dizziness Fatigue Fainting Disorientation Constipation Diarrhoea Acute menstrual pain Hypersensitivity to touch, light, sound, and smell Causes of Dysmenorrhoea - An Ayurvedic explanation Ayurveda states that the reverse direction movement of natural urges aggravates the Apana Vayu to fill the uterus. The uterus feels intense pain. It counters this activity by pushing the menstrual blood upwards and discharges the same with spasmodic pain. Ayurveda goes on to describe the vataj yonivyapad that is associated with dysmenorrhoea, led by ras dhatu. The likelihood of cramps increases if a person consumes excess caffeine and alcohol, has a family history of menstrual pain, leads an extremely stressful life, or suffers from an existing pelvic related disorder, lack of exercise etc. How to deal with Dysmenorrhoea Ayurveda suggests various ways to deal with Dysmenorrhoea. Some of the best ways to tackle this condition are through selective dieting, yoga, and consumption of ayurvedic herbs: Yoga: Cat stretch position is one of the popular yoga postures that helps a woman to deal with this condition. A woman should rest on her knees and hands and slowly arch backward. Another popular yoga position is known as the pelvic tilt. This is a yoga technique where a woman lies with her knees bent and slowly lifts her buttocks and pelvis. Diet: Some of the popular dietary recommendations include increasing calcium, fiber, and complex carbohydrate. It is also essential to cut down on caffeine, red meat, dairy products, sugar, and salt. Magnesium and vitamin B6 supplements also help to deal with this condition. Consumption of herbs: Ayurveda has mentioned some of the very important herbs that can effectively treat this condition. Some of the effective ones include jatmansi, gajar beej, hing, sonth, ulatkambal beej, jatmansi, kumari, Asoka, Shatavari etc. There also exist some classical formulations that can help curb this conditions. Some of the very popular formulations include tankan, gulkand and kasis. The treatment option varies from individual to individual. An Ayurvedic expert studies Agni, Prakriti parikshan, Sahanan, Saar and Vyayam shakti of a person before locking on the course of treatment. Furthermore, each treatment might take different time-frame to cure the condition right from its roots.
3265 people found this helpful

Interstitial Lung Disease - Understanding Its Types!

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 92% (33895 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Interstitial Lung Disease - Understanding Its Types!
When you suffer from dry, chronic cough along with shortness of breath, it is normal to get worried and annoyed. You will want to know the cause and the cure. Note that it might be due to a condition called the interstitial lung disease. Including almost more than 200 different lung conditions, interstitial lung disease refers to the inflammation and scarring caused in the lungs, which leads to less oxygen entering the blood. Mainly affecting the interstitial part of the anatomic structure of the lungs, which is responsible for the oxygen flow into the blood, interstitial lung disease can damage other parts of the lungs too, such as the lung lining, the airways or the blood vessels. The following is a brief account of the types, causes, symptoms, and treatment of ILD. Types Interstitial lung disease can be of various kinds, though all of them leads to the thickening of the lung s interstitial part. Some of the types of ILD are Nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Acute interstitial pneumonitis Hypersensitivity pneumonitis Asbestosis Sarcoidosis Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia or COP, etc. While some of the ILD types are short lived, some are irreversible and chronic. The primary causes of interstitial lung disease are viruses, fungi, and bacteria. Regular exposure to inhalable irritants such as talc, silica dust, asbestos, coal dust or any other kind of metal dust, bird proteins of pigeons, chickens or any exotic birds, grain dust, etc. can also cause interstitial lung disease. Though rare, sometimes it is the intake of particular drugs that may cause ILD. For the majority of interstitial lung diseases, the exact cause is not always known. Both men and women of any age can develop this disease, and it is more common in people with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, and autoimmune disease. Some of the primary symptoms and signs of interstitial lung disease are nonproductive dry cough, shortness of breath, and considerable weight loss. While for some types of ILDs the symptoms develop slowly and gradually over months, for others, such as the acute interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial pneumonia, the symptoms develop more rapidly, within days or a few hours. For identifying the presence of ILD, doctors usually rely upon chest X-ray, CT scan or computed tomography, pulmonary function testing, high-resolution CT scan, and lung biopsy. In case no apparent cause behind the disease is found from the tests, a patient's history of being exposed to certain chemical environments is then taken into consideration. Depending on the type and severity of the disease the treatment options vary from one to another. While for some taking prescribed drugs can offer a solution to prevent the lungs from deteriorating further, for some a complete lung transplant may become the only solution. Treatments like pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy can also be ideal, based on the condition of the lungs. Thus, if one is constantly exposed to lung irritants and experiences the symptoms of interstitial lung disease for more than eight weeks, he/she must seek the advice of a pulmonologist without delay as the condition may lead to severe complications when left untreated.
3981 people found this helpful

Chronic Cough - Why It Happens?

Dr. Mool Chand Gupta 92% (33895 ratings)
MD PULMONARY, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
Chronic Cough - Why It Happens?
A cough is not necessarily to be worried about always. It is the natural response of our body to throw out harmful particles which somehow managed to enter our respiratory tract. There is sticky mucus situated in the pathway to lungs which plays a major role in trapping harmful particles. Coughing once or twice is generally a natural phenomenon but if it s persistent it is called the chronic cough, and there is a reason to worry. Is your cough chronic? An acute cough aggravates within a very short span of time, maybe 2-3 days. There are situations when coughing doesn t hinder your day to day activities and are easily neglected. Sometimes these infrequent bouts of a cough can persist for long and continue for more than 2 months, which has been characterized as a chronic cough. A chronic cough is sometimes found associated with blocked or running nose. Persons suffering from a chronic cough feel very exhaustive and suffer from a headache, dizziness along with excessive sweating. Under such situations, you must consult a pulmonologist. Know the causes of a chronic cough There are several causes for persistent coughing, and the following are the common causes of a chronic cough and medication is taken in consultation with a trained medical practitioner only. Infections: Bacterial or viral infection in lungs can be one of the causes of a chronic cough. Tuberculosis is one of them which initiates as a chronic cough and is later characterized by emitting blood after cough bouts. Drug Interactions: Antihypertensive drugs have been found to be responsible for a chronic cough in some people. Hypersensitivity to the prescribed drugs is found to responsible for the cough bouts, and change in medication takes care of the issue. Asthma: It s a situation characterized by blockages in the bronchi which disallows the normal air flow during inhalation and exhalation. Due to inadequate oxygen, brain assumes that there is a blockage which needs to be expelled and coughing pattern starts. However, asthma has to be treated, and the bronchi have to be brought back to normal with the help of medication by an expert medical practitioner. COPD: The most common cause of a chronic cough nowadays is COPD, better known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. This is one of the progressive diseases which means it deteriorates with time. Active smokers are the biggest victims of it. Persons exposed to high degree of pollution or similar occupational hazards are also at high risk. Exposure to these pollutants causes inflammatory responses in lungs resulting in the tapering of the airways and destruction of lung tissues. These can be measured by lung function tests. In asthma, the narrow airways can be broadened by external medication, but in case of COPD, it s not possible. To conclude, chronic cough is a preventable disease by reducing the exposure to risk factors as mentioned above. Quitting smoking, improving the indoor air quality with the use of solar cooking and moving on battery run vehicles can prevent COPD from further worsening. You can also undergo pulmonary rehabilitation program which is being counseled and coordinated by many physicians to benefit the individual suffering from the issue.
3610 people found this helpful

Vulvodynia - Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Amit Patil 89% (153 ratings)
Training in IVF / ICSI, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Vulvodynia - Causes And Symptoms Of It!
Vulvodynia is generally identified as a condition which causes chronic back pain or vulvar pain but having no identifiable cause. The causes as well as the nature of the condition are very obscure, and until recent times, it had never been considered to be an actual pain syndrome. What is commonly affected is the vulva, or the external female genital organs, consisting of the clitoris, labia and the vaginal opening. Generally, there are two types of vulvodynia: Generalized vulvodynia: this can mean pain in any part of the vulva occurring erratically at different times Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: this is limited to the vestibule, or the vaginal opening. It has similar characteristics of a burn, and pain can be incurred only when contact is made, say during sexual intercourse. Symptoms Although not life threatening, signs and symptoms of vulvodynia can still cause a ton of problems for women. They can create much complication when it comes to daily activities as well as other feelings, like sexual frustration, agitation, depression and low self-esteem. Symptoms can be very erratic and can occur once in a while or all the time. They may be limited to just one specific area or can affect the entire vulva, interfering with daily activities such as walking, exercising and sexual intercourse. Here are some common signs and symptoms:- A burning or stinging sensation An aching or throbbing sensation May swell and you may experience soreness; Severe itching and agitation Causes Because the causes are not identifiable, extensive research is still going on in order to decipher the nature of the syndrome. A few possible causes may include: Nerve irritation or injury Genetic abnormalities Muscle spasms Hormonal changes Abnormal responses to infections or traumatic injuries Hypersensitivity to yeast infections Allergies to certain chemicals or substances History of sexual abuse Frequent antibiotic use
4397 people found this helpful

Oral Ulcers

Dr. Charul Kanwar 90% (100 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Gurgaon
Oral Ulcers
Mouth ulcers are sores that appear in the mouth, often on the inside of the cheeks, tongue and gingival tissue. They are painful and take 7-10 days to heal. Ulcers in oral cavity: Traumatic ulcer The traumatic ulcer of the oral mucous membranes is a lesion that is caused by some form of trauma. Different injuries - Biting the mucosa - Denture irritate - Toothbrush injury - Exposure of the mucous membrane to a sharp tooth or carious lesion - Injury to the mucosa by some other external irritant - Cotton roll injury - Factitial injuries Are accidentally self induced injuries on the basic of habit with a frequent psychogenic backgrounde. Gulcer of the tongue caused during an epileptic seizure - Habits such as lip biting - Cheek biting - Unconscious gingival trauma. - Emotional distress - Orthodontic or denture injury - Aggressive dental cleaning - Infections - Hormonal changes - Hypersensitivity to certain foods - Strawberries, lemon, chocolate nut etc - Nutritional deficiencies, iron, folic acid, vitamin B deficiency or lack of track elements such as zinc. 2. Candidiasis - also known as oral thrush is fungal infection that occurs in the mouth or throat due to an overgrowth of yeast. Canker Sores These are small white or yellow centre lesions with a red border. They develop in the mouth on the tongue, inside cheek area, lips, gumline and throat areas, They are not contagious Cold Sores- These sores appear as clusters of red, raised blisters outside the mouth typically around the lips, but they can develop under the nose or under the chin. They are highly contagious. Tooth abscess This occurs when there is a bacterial infection in the nerve of the tooth. Treatment: The treatment is palliative and symptomatic - Antimicrobial agent - Localized corticosteroids - Topical anaestheticslike oralgel or dologel - Preventing injuries of mouth i.e changing the toothbrush regularly and changing ill-fitting denture - Vitamin supplements such as VITAMIN C tablets and vitamin B-COMPLEX - W/S rinse and baking soda rinses. - Peroxyl mouth sore rinse - Chlorhexidine oral rinse
3 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I want to know side effects of excess dosage of acrotac 10 mg and how serious it can be? please advise

Dr. Himani Negi 92% (18407 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
Side effects of Acrotac 10 mg .Heart: Heart attack, clots in blood vessels and stroke.  •  Central Nervous System: Headache, shakiness, sleeplessness, aggressive feelings and/or suicidal thoughts and depression.  •  Gastrointestinal: Dry mouth, increased thirst, taste changes, nausea, vomiting, inflammation of the pancreas and lower stomach pain.  •  Skin: Rash, sweating, itching, scaling, dryness, thinning, dry or chapped lips, damage of skin, abnormal skin odor, hair loss and nail damage.  •  Genitourinary: Vulvo-vaginal infection due to fungal infection.  •  Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction includes: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), dizziness and trouble in breathing.  •  Miscellaneous: Fever, chills, dark urine and peeling of skin.  •  Potentially Fatal: Sunburn, jaundice and liver toxicity.  A homoeopathic constitutional treatment will give you a permanent cure naturally You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects Medicines will reach you via courier services
1 person found this helpful

When ever I take bath. After the bath always itching starts on my whole body. What should I do?

Dr. Shreyas Bansal 90% (994 ratings)
MD Hom., Certificate in Food and Nutrition, BHMS, Diploma In Yoga
Homeopath, Indore
It is not uncommon to experience a bout of itching after bathing. It may last a short period of time and we often do not give it much thought thereafter. However, for some people itching after bathing can persist for hours or itching that is constantly present may worsen after bathing. Causes of Itching After Bathing- 1.Water: Not drying the skin properly after bathing. Steam exposure without properly drying can have a similar effect. 2.Heat: Hot water can irritate the skin, dry it excessively and worsen existing inflammation. 3.Toiletries: Soaps, shampoos and toothpaste should be removed thoroughly. 4.Scrubbing: Vigorous cleaning by scrubbing can injure and irritate the skin. 5.Dry skin: Water and soap can dry skin which may only become apparent after bathing. 6.Skin diseases: Inflammation on diseased skin may be exacerbated by bathing. 7.Hypersensitivity: Heat and vigorous scrubbing can heighten abnormal skin sensitivity an injure the skin. 8.Infections: Certain microbes in the water can infect the skin while bathing. Prevent Itching- 1.Take shorter baths with lukewarm to hot water. Avoid very long or very hot baths. Soaking in a bath tub occasionally may not be a problem but frequent soaks that are long could cause itching. 2.Use mild soaps and shampoos. Baby soaps and shampoos are usually the safer option. Antibacterial soaps should be avoided. Always ensure that the soap or shampoo is thoroughly rinsed off. Shower quickly after soaking in a bath tub with foam bath or soap. 3.Scrub gently when bathing. Remember that dead skin cells will slough off on its own throughout the day and do not have to be physically removed. 4.Dry the skin thoroughly after bathing. Apart from wiping with a dry towel, also try to air dry the body for a short period before wearing clothes. 5.Moisturize dry skin after bathing. First ensure that the skin is thoroughly dried before applying a moisturizer. Always use non-scented (fragrance free) moisturizers with minimal additives for sensitive skin. 6.be hydrated if above things doesn't help, let us know. We have good homeopathic medicine. So do consult a good homeopath.
1 person found this helpful

Suffering from Skin allergy, looks like hypersensitivity. It's sporadic. Usually comes at night with high skin irritation and can't stop from itching. Medicine intake: 'Levocitrizine' for four days (two times a day), which worked for two days but not long time.

Dr. Jagmeet Kaur 92% (759 ratings)
MD-Ayurveda,Kayachikitsa(Ayurvedic physician), BAMS, MD
Ayurveda, Jammu
Dear user you are suffering from pittaj and rakta dusti. U need to change your life style. Stop taking spicy, oily junk food. No cold drinks, drink lots of water. U need treatment. For more details consult me. Thnx.

I have a cough problem and my doctor suggest me to do CECT CHEST and reports says -few small centrilobular nodules seen in right upper lobe (all segments). Rest of lungs field appears normal. The overlying pleura are normal bilaterally. There is no evidence of pleural effusion. MEDIASTINUM AND HILA Few subcentimetre lymph nodes seen in right paratracheal region. Trachea and its bifurcation and major bronchi are normal. Mediastinal vascular structures appear normal. Cardiac size is within normal limits. Visualized bones appear normal as seen on bone window.

DM (Pulmonology, Critical care & Sleep medicine), MD - Medicine
Pulmonologist, Udaipur
Centrilobular nodules can be seen in a variety of diseases that spread along airways like viral bronchitis, Tuberculosis, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Silicosis etc. HRCT lung window needs to be seen for exact localisation, type of nodules and their distribution along with clinical correlation. Go and see a Pulmonologist.

Hi my name is devudu will any body please tell me what are the uses and side effects of Berberis aquifolium mt drops, how can I use it for my pigmentation without any side effects and also please specify the dosage. homeopathy medicine.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
uses of berberis The edible fruits have been used to prepare jams, jellies, and juices. The use of the plant in traditional medicine has been limited by the bitter taste of the bark and root. However, more than three dozen medicinal uses for barberry, including cancer, cholera, and hypertension have been listed. Other reported uses of M. aquifolium include the treatment of the following conditions: fever, gout, renal and biliary diseases, rheumatic symptoms, diarrhea, gastric indigestion, and dermatosis..Side Effects Hypersensitivity reactions (eg, burning, itching, redness) have occurred in some patients using topical dosage forms.
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