Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Vaccination - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Vaccination is the method wherein a bacterium or virus is intentionally administered in a person’s body, enabling his/her immune system to prepare itself for fighting a future infection. It has the ability to protect your body from specific diseases by boosting your immunity. A vaccine is prepared with a very small amount of the virus or the bacteria that can cause a specific disease. These partial and weakened organisms prompt the immune system of your body to develop antibodies, for the very purpose of defending your system against those diseases.

Vaccination is one of the most important things recommended by doctors, especially for a child. Timely vaccinations can protect you from diseases such as:

  • Chicken pox
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Influenza
  • Rabies
  • Polio
  • Whooping cough
  • Tetanus
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B

Vaccines are highly necessary for eliminating, controlling or eradicating a number of infectious and serious diseases. It is true that children and elderly people are more prone to illness, but adults can also be affected by any kind of disease at any point in their lives. You should take your vaccination even if you are an adult if your vaccination was not completed in your yesteryears.

Just like eating healthy, exercising and going for regular checkups are important, vaccination is equally important and has an important role in maintaining your overall health. It can be considered as one of the safest and convenient preventive care actions available.

How is the treatment done?

A vaccine is created by the following three steps:

  • The antigen will be first generated. An antigen refers to the substance that enables the body to produce antibodies.
  • The antigen is then isolated from the cells that have been used to create it
  • The vaccine is prepared by adding stabilizers, preservatives and adjuvant to the generated antigen. Stabilizers will increase the storage life of the vaccine, preservatives make the vials possible for multi-dose and adjuvant help to enhance the immune response of the body towards the antigen.

Depending on the type of the vaccine that is being administered in your body, it could be by:

  • Oral administration, for stimulating the formation of antibodies in your intestinal linings. It will prevent the infected virus from binding to the wall or the mucous membrane of the intestine.
  • Intranasal, for combating diseases which spread in the body through the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity
  • Intradermal injection, wherein the vaccine will be injected into the upper layer of the skin, ensuring that it does not cause any damage to the nerves and blood vessels
  • Intramuscular injections that are injected into your muscle tissues
  • Subcutaneous injections that are injected into the layer of fat present between the skin and the muscles. This method is used when the vaccine needs to be released gradually in the body.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Most of the vaccines are administered to people during their childhood, but sometimes adults and elderly people can also require vaccination. You may require a vaccination in the following conditions:

  • You have a weak immune system: This could be due to certain cancers that can weaken the system, HIV infection or specific medications that have the ability to damage your immune system.
  • If you are pregnant, old or have some medical complications, you may be at a risk of getting an infection. To prevent it, a vaccination would be required.
  • If you plan to travel to specific places where an infection is common, you should get vaccinated so that you are not infected with that particular infection.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that are used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Are there any side effects?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that is used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Different vaccines can have different side effects. The most common ones would be:

  • Vaccine for TB – Swollen glands, ulcer at the site where it was injected
  • Vaccine for Chicken pox – Soreness, swelling, redness or a lump at the place where injected, fever, mild rashes
  • Vaccine for Cholera – Diarrhea, headache, mild gastrointestinal problems
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis A – Nausea, headache, tiredness, fever, redness at the injected area, general discomfort
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis B – Fever, redness
  • Vaccine for Influenza – Fever, tenderness of the muscles, swelling
  • Vaccine for polio – Muscle aches, fever, redness
  • Vaccine for rabies – Dizziness, nausea, headache, muscle pain
  • Vaccine for tetanus – Drowsiness, tiredness, vomiting, rashes
  • Vaccine for typhoid – Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, discomfort in the stomach, headache

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines of vaccination would include:

  • If you are down with fever, you can take medicines but only after consulting your doctor. Drinking plenty of fluids can also help to bring down the fever.
  • In the case of swelling or redness, you can apply an ice pack on the area where the vaccine was injected. You can also use a wet cloth over the affected area.
  • Do not drive immediately after getting vaccinated
  • In case of an allergic reaction, consult your doctor

How long does it take to recover?

One can recover in two to three weeks after the vaccination. A proper diet can enhance the speed of recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

There is no such exact estimate of the cost of vaccines in India. It depends on the type and dosage of the vaccine that needs to be administered.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Vaccines are generally administered as a series of doses over a certain time period. A single dose of a particular vaccination has only a limited duration of protection that it can offer. Listed below are some of the vaccinations and the time that a single dose lasts:

  • Chicken pox – 10 years (can also be for a lifetime)
  • Polio – 10 years
  • Cholera – 2 years (for oral vaccine)
  • Hepatitis A – 20 years or longer
  • Hepatitis B – lifelong
  • Tetanus – 10 years
  • Typhoid – 3 years
  • Yellow fever – 10 years
  • Rabies – 10 years (could be lifelong)
  • Pneumonia – 5 years

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternatives to vaccination can be:

  • Homeopathic nosodes – A nosode is a homeopathic preparation that you can take for boosting your immunity. It will provide you with a certain level of protection from specific diseases.
  • Ayurveda – There is no Ayurvedic vaccination as such, but it can make your immune system strong with the help of certain preparations and tonics.
Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Vaccine dependent

Popular Health Tips

Dengue Fever - Why Prevention Is Better Than Cure?

Dr. Monty Talwar 89% (338 ratings)
CME Course in Diabetes for Family Physicians, Certificate in Child Health , BHMS
Homeopath, Gurgaon
Dengue Fever - Why Prevention Is Better Than Cure?
Are you aware of dengue, a fever which is currently on the rise? Dengue is a painful fever, which is caused by one of the four dengue viruses. It is a mosquito borne disease. The virus which causes dengue is related to yellow fever causing virus. Dengue is also referred to as break bone fever. It is transmitted via the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with dengue. This type of fever has no proper cure and hence, prevention is the best policy. Symptoms The symptoms of dengue start appearing four to six days after the infection. They include sudden, high fever, pain behind the eyes, fatigue, nausea, severe muscle and joint pain, skin rash, vomiting and mild bleeding in the nose or gums. In some cases, the symptoms are very mild and are commonly mistaken for another viral infection. Severe problems such as the dengue hemorrhagic fever may occur from the infection. Treatment The juice from the leaves of carica papaya mixed with sucrose is given to a patient, which helps in increasing the count of platelets. This may lead to some movement. Prevention There is no vaccine, which immunizes dengue and the best way of prevention is to prevent yourself from getting bitten by infected mosquitoes, especially if you live in a tropical climate. The prevention tips include protecting yourself and making an effort to reduce the mosquito population. Here are some important prevention tips for dengue: Stay away from residential areas which are very heavily populated. Use mosquito repellents, even when you are at home. Wear long sleeved clothes and long pants when going out. Make sure that your windows and doors do not have holes in them. Use mosquito nets while sleeping, if you do not have an air conditioner. Get rid of places and areas where mosquitoes can breed in order to reduce their population. These may include cans, old tyres and areas where rain water gets collected. If someone at home gets dengue, you should make efforts to protect yourself and the rest of your family members. A mosquito, which bites an infected family member, may spread the infection to others as well. In case you experience any symptom of dengue, it is important for you to consult a doctor immediately. He will be able to guide you with a proper diagnosis and treatment based on the latter.
708 people found this helpful

Cervical Cancer

Dr. Komal Singh 90% (81 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Play video
Hello, everyone. I am Dr Komal, obstetrics and gynaecologist. I am presently working at JP Hospital, Noida. Today I will discuss with you about Cervical Cancer with my main focus on vaccine available for it. As most of us are aware that it is the cancer of mouth of the Uterus. It is a most common cancer among females in our country. It affects approximately 1,22,000 females per year in our country and it is a leading cause of death due to cancer in our country. The most common age group affected is 55-59 years of age. But the recent trend is showing the difference towards the age group as well. Pap smear is a screening procedure and it is offered to all the females from 25 years of the age group and it should be carried out after every 3 years till the 49 years of age. And after this, continue this after every 5 years till you come under 65-69 years of age. What is the cause of cervical cancer? You must be surprised to know that in 99% of the cases, human papillomavirus, a viral agent is the infected agent of this cancer. Only 1% of the cause is due to some other things. So, it is a viral infection that causes cancer. As it is a viral infection, we have the vaccination in our country to fight against the cause of this disease. And the most common vaccine used is Gardasil. World Health Organisation recommends that the vaccine should be referred to all girls between the age of 9-13 years because of its high immunogenicity of this age group. THis vaccination can also be available to all the females till 45 years of age. The only issue is that once you become sexually active, then the immunogenicity decreases. However, you must be offered and you should go ahead to take the vaccine. Two is the second dose and that you receive after 2 months of the first dose. And six is the second dose which you receive after 6 months of the first dose. What is the cost of the vaccine? It costs about 2800-3000 per dose. There is no severe side effects and the most common being the injection related things. What is the contra- indication? There is no contra- indication. But the one important thing is that pregnant women are not recommended to take this. Once you become pregnant while taking this vaccine then you should definitely dose for the next time. So, this vaccine is available to prevent cervical cancer in the body even in a very minute form. Hope this video is helpful for you to get aware of cervical cancer which is killing women every day in our country. Thank you so much.
1 person found this helpful

Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?

Dr. Sagar Bumb 90% (14 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Pune
Flu - Can It Affect Your Pregnancy?
When you are pregnant, the need to watch your health is significantly higher. It is not just a question of your health, but of the developing baby also. This makes it extremely significant as different bacteria and viruses could affect the baby s development and even lead to complications with pregnancy and childbirth. The flu, short for influenza, is a mild viral infection that affects the upper airways, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. The usual symptoms include nose blockage, runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, cough, heavy headed feeling. It is caused by a virus and therefore there is no remedy for it. It has to run its course which usually takes about 7 days, and the body will fight off the infection on its own. Symptomatic treatment including paracetamol and adequate hydration can help live through the flu. Though it is common in any weather, the winters increase the risk. Another increased risk factor is the reduced immune levels in a pregnant woman, making them more prone to catching the flu. This could lead to complications like pneumonia which might require hospitalisation and prolonged treatment with antibiotics. The baby could also be at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth. Symptoms: If you do catch the flu during your pregnancy, you will notice the following symptoms a headache, runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, shortness of breath, coughing, sudden chills or fever, diarrhoea or vomiting, and body aches, and loss of appetite. Management: If you suspect that you could have the flu, contact the doctor immediately. Taking safe antiviral medications can help reduce the duration of the illness and reduce pain and suffering. In addition, getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can help recovery. Acetaminophen can help manage the fever, while Robitussin and guaifenesin can help manage the cough. Prevention: If you are planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant, it makes great sense to get vaccinated for the flu. This can help prevent a flu attack and sail through pregnancy smoothly. In addition to protecting the mother, the flu vaccine also transmits the virus to the newborn, which gets immunity for up to 6 months of life. The vaccine also has a beneficial effect on the newborn. It is safe to get the flu vaccine during pregnancy, though taking it in the early months is advisable. It is also safe during breastfeeding with no harmful effects documented. In addition, some healthy habits like regularly washing hands, eating healthy, getting adequate sleep, and keeping a safe distance from people with flu can help prevent flu attack. While prevention is the best solution, if contracted, the flu can be managed well by seeking immediate medical attention.


Dr. Shripad Kulkarni 93% (779 ratings)
M.D.( Pediatrics), DCH
Vaccination is the best insurance against illness.
1 person found this helpful

How To Take Care Of Yourself?

Dr. Virender Kumar Bhatia 87% (429 ratings)
General Physician, Panipat
How To Take Care Of Yourself?
Get investigated only as per written doctor's advice Do consult again for interpretation and clinical significance Take full course of medicines Get adult vaccinations as per recommendation Increase physical activity Eat only home made nutritious diet Take 2-3 glass full of home made liquids every 2-3hrs Remain enthusiastic to pursue your professional life
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My daughter's third booster vaccination was on wednesday. Today there is swelling on injected part. What to do?

Dr. Zareen Mohammed 93% (570 ratings)
Allergist/Immunologist, Chennai
injection reaction. take the new vaccination after the swelling subsides. deference by 2 weeks does not matter

What is the cost of rotavirus vaccine. And also tell me the cost of pneumococcal vaccine. My daughter is normal delivery baby is this requires for her.

MBBS, MD-Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Bareilly
Rotation 2 doses each cost 1200 rs approx & pneumococcal vaccine prevnar costs 3500rs approx Yes they are required.
1 person found this helpful

My 2 month old labrador puppy bit me and it slightly bled. 2 vaccination of puppy’s has done but rabies vaccine is still remains. Should I take anti rabies injection or it is ok?

Dr. Arunesh Dutt Upadhyay 96% (290 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Aerospace Medicine, Eular Certification in Rheumatology
General Physician, Pune
Dear friend watch the puppy for 10 days if it remains healthy do not worry and relax, if you are too anxious and worried please take a full course of anti rabies all five injection as per the schedule recommended and maintain your immunity by taking a five yearly boosters.

Hi. My friends son age is one year 5 month .but ignorance of knowledge she do not gave him any vaccination does. Can she gave vaccination. After time.

Dr. Vijay Shekhar Janapareddy 87% (54 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Even now it is not too late, what has been missed, not much can be done, but you can still protect the child with some. Please consult a pediatrician without any further delay.

Dog bitten me but no skin break. After some days low pain at bite sight and weakness. About 45 day latter I take vaccine. I took all vaccine. But slowly increasing weakness in leg and slow pain back arm and neck. I also feel worry, and low sleeping about 3 to 4 hours. Are I am progressing paralytic rabies. I have consulted in safdajung hospital. Doctor is saying no problem. Am I misdiagnosing? Please consult me.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 96% (17212 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, If your skin was torn to mix dog's saliva in your blood, rabies be ignored. Your all symptoms are psychological to cause hippothetical thoughts. Tk, plenty of water to hydrate your body to eliminate toxins, if any. Go for meditation to calm your nerves to counter your illusions. Tk homoeopathic medicine:@ Ignatia30 -6 pills, thrice. Tk care.
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Taking Care of Infants and Toddlers

Dr. Prakash Medatwal 91% (852 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
Regularly bathing an infant is not necessary. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Popular Health Packages

7 Days validity  •  Medicines included
360 Days validity  •  Medicines included
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
360 Days validity  •  Medicines included
360 Days validity  •  Medicines included
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice