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Vaccination - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Vaccination is the method wherein a bacterium or virus is intentionally administered in a person’s body, enabling his/her immune system to prepare itself for fighting a future infection. It has the ability to protect your body from specific diseases by boosting your immunity. A vaccine is prepared with a very small amount of the virus or the bacteria that can cause a specific disease. These partial and weakened organisms prompt the immune system of your body to develop antibodies, for the very purpose of defending your system against those diseases.

Vaccination is one of the most important things recommended by doctors, especially for a child. Timely vaccinations can protect you from diseases such as:

Vaccines are highly necessary for eliminating, controlling or eradicating a number of infectious and serious diseases. It is true that children and elderly people are more prone to illness, but adults can also be affected by any kind of disease at any point in their lives. You should take your vaccination even if you are an adult if your vaccination was not completed in your yesteryears.

Just like eating healthy, exercising and going for regular checkups are important, vaccination is equally important and has an important role in maintaining your overall health. It can be considered as one of the safest and convenient preventive care actions available.

How is the treatment done?

A vaccine is created by the following three steps:

  • The antigen will be first generated. An antigen refers to the substance that enables the body to produce antibodies.
  • The antigen is then isolated from the cells that have been used to create it
  • The vaccine is prepared by adding stabilizers, preservatives and adjuvant to the generated antigen. Stabilizers will increase the storage life of the vaccine, preservatives make the vials possible for multi-dose and adjuvant help to enhance the immune response of the body towards the antigen.

Depending on the type of the vaccine that is being administered in your body, it could be by:

  • Oral administration, for stimulating the formation of antibodies in your intestinal linings. It will prevent the infected virus from binding to the wall or the mucous membrane of the intestine.
  • Intranasal, for combating diseases which spread in the body through the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity
  • Intradermal injection, wherein the vaccine will be injected into the upper layer of the skin, ensuring that it does not cause any damage to the nerves and blood vessels
  • Intramuscular injections that are injected into your muscle tissues
  • Subcutaneous injections that are injected into the layer of fat present between the skin and the muscles. This method is used when the vaccine needs to be released gradually in the body.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Most of the vaccines are administered to people during their childhood, but sometimes adults and elderly people can also require vaccination. You may require a vaccination in the following conditions:

  • You have a weak immune system: This could be due to certain cancers that can weaken the system, HIV infection or specific medications that have the ability to damage your immune system.
  • If you are pregnant, old or have some medical complications, you may be at a risk of getting an infection. To prevent it, a vaccination would be required.
  • If you plan to travel to specific places where an infection is common, you should get vaccinated so that you are not infected with that particular infection.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that are used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Are there any side effects?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that is used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Different vaccines can have different side effects. The most common ones would be:

  • Vaccine for TB – Swollen glands, ulcer at the site where it was injected
  • Vaccine for Chicken pox – Soreness, swelling, redness or a lump at the place where injected, fever, mild rashes
  • Vaccine for Cholera – Diarrhea, headache, mild gastrointestinal problems
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis A – Nausea, headache, tiredness, fever, redness at the injected area, general discomfort
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis B – Fever, redness
  • Vaccine for Influenza – Fever, tenderness of the muscles, swelling
  • Vaccine for polio – Muscle aches, fever, redness
  • Vaccine for rabies – Dizziness, nausea, headache, muscle pain
  • Vaccine for tetanus – Drowsiness, tiredness, vomiting, rashes
  • Vaccine for typhoid – Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, discomfort in the stomach, headache

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines of vaccination would include:

  • If you are down with fever, you can take medicines but only after consulting your doctor. Drinking plenty of fluids can also help to bring down the fever.
  • In the case of swelling or redness, you can apply an ice pack on the area where the vaccine was injected. You can also use a wet cloth over the affected area.
  • Do not drive immediately after getting vaccinated
  • In case of an allergic reaction, consult your doctor

How long does it take to recover?

One can recover in two to three weeks after the vaccination. A proper diet can enhance the speed of recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

There is no such exact estimate of the cost of vaccines in India. It depends on the type and dosage of the vaccine that needs to be administered.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Vaccines are generally administered as a series of doses over a certain time period. A single dose of a particular vaccination has only a limited duration of protection that it can offer. Listed below are some of the vaccinations and the time that a single dose lasts:

  • Chicken pox – 10 years (can also be for a lifetime)
  • Polio – 10 years
  • Cholera – 2 years (for oral vaccine)
  • Hepatitis A – 20 years or longer
  • Hepatitis B – lifelong
  • Tetanus – 10 years
  • Typhoid – 3 years
  • Yellow fever – 10 years
  • Rabies – 10 years (could be lifelong)
  • Pneumonia – 5 years

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternatives to vaccination can be:

  • Homeopathic nosodes – A nosode is a homeopathic preparation that you can take for boosting your immunity. It will provide you with a certain level of protection from specific diseases.
  • Ayurveda – There is no Ayurvedic vaccination as such, but it can make your immune system strong with the help of certain preparations and tonics.
Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Vaccine dependent

Popular Health Tips

What happens if medicine is taken after it's expiry date?

Dr. Nikhil D Datar 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO, MBBS , FCPS, DNB, FICOG, LLB
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
What happens if medicine is taken after it's expiry date?
Lata rushed into my consulting room with tears rolling down her cheeks. She was angry and visibly upset. Lata s both kids were delivered by me. She was an experienced mother. She was very diligent about the baby s health and never missed on the vaccination schedule. She used to take her kids to the same pediatrician for years together. On one fine day, her pediatrician informed her that the child was given a vaccine which had expired one month back and Lata was shattered. Like many of my patients who consider me to be their friend- philosopher- guide besides being theirgynecologist, Lata came to me for help and guidance.Lata was literally fuming. She said. I trusted that doctor so much and how could she be so negligentto me and my child? It was a clear case of medical error. The pediatrician was extremely apologetic and felt sorry about the whole incidence. We know that medication errors are the commonest errors in healthcare. Actually. this mistake was caused because of a goof up in the pattern of writing expiry date. We know that the Americans write the date in mm/dd format and In India we use dd/mm format. Precisely this was the cause of this blunder. Lata was extremely worried and tensed about the ill effects of the expired medication. Doctor, I even check a loaf of bread for the consume best before date. I don t allow anyone to eat even a slice after that date. We make fresh food every day. We don t consume Basi (stale) food at home. And look here. My little one has been injected with a vaccine which has expired a month back!!! Lata blew off. She was not wrong at all. Most people believe that medication post expiry, like food, may rot or turn into some poisonous substance and be very harmful if consumed. So is this true? What is the meaning of expiry date? The expired medications may not have the same potency. Hence one may need to revalidate the potency or simply take an additional dose.In nutshell, if expired medications ( tablets/ injections) get used inadvertently, no guarantee can be given about its effectiveness but it will not cause harm or untoward effect too. "So what did Lata do? Lata met two pediatricians and discussed the matter. Both suggested that thechild should be given another dose of vaccine. Sadly, the child had to take additional injection but Lata was sure that there is no harm caused to the child. Herpediatrician gave an additional dose of vaccine to the baby. Lata continues to follow up with the same doctor. She and her doctor both have become more vigilant about the medications as they both know that human errors are possible in any one s hand".

Vaccination - Why It Is Important For Everyone?

Dr. Bharti 86% (62 ratings)
General Physician, Faridabad
Vaccination - Why It Is Important For Everyone?
The immune system is extremely important in an individual's system. A strong immune system helps to combat the invasion of foreign particles and consequently resists the diseases. Vaccination in such a context becomes imperative as it strengthens an individual's immunity. In vaccination, antigens or germs are given in very small doses. They stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to fight against that particular infection. Vaccinations are provided to both children and adults to protect them from a number of diseases. However, different vaccinations are provided in different ages according to the susceptibility to diseases. Some of the vaccinations that are provided to newborns are: 1. Hepatitis B vaccine: This vaccination is given in order to prevent the child from having Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver disease that if persists can lead to liver failure or even liver cancer. This vaccine must be injected immediately after the birth of the baby. The first dose must be followed by administering a second dose within a span of a month or two. 2. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV): This vaccine, taken orally, prevents the infant from Rotavirus. This virus causes vomiting and diarrhea in children that often leads to severe dehydration. This vaccine is administered within two to four months of the baby's birth. Sometimes, on doctor's prescription a second dose may be necessary in the sixth month. 3. Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: This is a combination of various vaccines that protects the child from tetanus and diphtheria. Newborns are extremely prone to diphtheria that causes fatal illness and sometimes even deaths in children. This vaccination thereby, is extremely important and must be administered within two or four months and must be followed up with secondary doses later under the doctor's supervision. Vaccinations do not end with childhood. In many cases adults too need to be vaccinated against certain diseases. Some of them are: Hepatitis A Vaccine: You can get this vaccination if there is any risk of you suffering from Hepatitis A. Much like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A too is an acute liver disease. This is extremely fatal and is seldom accompanied by any symptoms. Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical dysplasia in women and men. The apt age for both men and women for this vaccination differs. Women who are twenty six years of age or younger and men below or at the age of twenty one are most suitable for this vaccination. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
4884 people found this helpful

Autism - Homeopathic Treatment For It!

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 97% (19222 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Autism - Homeopathic Treatment For It!
A mental condition that takes shape during early childhood is autism being identified by characteristics like difficulty in communication, the use of language, understanding abstract concepts and building bonds with other people. This brain development disorder is also characterized by the performance of repetitive behaviors in the affected individual. Homeopathy approach in treating Autism Makeup= Symptoms Diagnosis of the condition by a homeopath requires the adoption of an extensive and intensive approach. From collecting detailed information about symptoms like a reaction to vaccines, thermal sensitivities and medical history of the family to understanding sleep postures; treatment of this condition requires an understanding of every vital factor associated with the condition. The hardcore approach is vital for understanding the stimulus/response connection of symptoms. This is because whenever an autistic child undergoes stressful situations, the reaction is a sign that a homeopath cannot ignore. By completely understanding the cycle of stress and reaction, a homeopath can only be able to suggest the right treatment program. What about the remedies prescribed for treating the condition? Being a holistic branch of medicine, homeopathy takes into account the complete physical as well as the mental makeup of the individual. Additionally, in this alternative medicine, the homeopath also takes into consideration the details of the disease while recommending remedies. Remedies like Carcinocin, Secretin and Thuja are favored the most for treating the condition. At the same time, the appropriate remedies are recommended after having a thorough understanding as to whether the individual falls within the constitutional makeup of the remedies considered. Another essential aspect of this branch of medicine in the treatment of this brain development disorder is the practice of using LM potencies (homeopathic medicines on the last scale of potencies). These remedies are not only acted faster but are also gentler compared to others. They have been found to be very effective in preventing the individual from falling prey to the old symptoms and can be frequently repeated as well as used for a long time.
2 people found this helpful

Flu Vaccine - Why And When It Is Required?

Dr. Rajesh Jain 97% (12641 ratings)
General Physician, Jalgaon
Flu Vaccine - Why And When It Is Required?
Yearly flu vaccination is the best tool currently available to protect against influenza (flu). While how well the flu vaccine works can vary, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a yearly flu vaccination as the first and most important step in protecting against flu and its potentially serious complications. Millions of people have safely received flu vaccines for decades. Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors' visits, and missed work and school due to flu, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations. A flu vaccination does not guarantee protection against the flu. Some people who get vaccinated might still get sick. However, people who get a flu vaccine are less likely to get sick with flu or hospitalized from flu than someone who does not get vaccinated. Why do I need to get vaccinated every year? New flu vaccines are released every year to keep up with rapidly adapting flu viruses. Because flu viruses evolve so quickly, last year's vaccine may not protect you from this year's viruses. After vaccination, your immune system produces antibodies that will protect you from the vaccine viruses. In general, though, antibody levels start to decline over time another reason to get a flu shot every year. Flu vaccines bring down the risks of suffering from flu. However, its effectiveness is based on different factors. Age: Usually, the flu vaccine happens to work the best for healthy adults. However, these vaccines cannot work as well with children, especially infants (below the age of 2-3 years). Nevertheless, the efficacy improves with age. Since older people are more prone to contracting the flu virus, it is essential that they get themselves vaccinated. Even if the vaccine is not able to ward off the flu entirely, it can still help reduce the risks to some extent. General Health: Vaccine spurs immunity into action. It helps your body in identifying and fighting the virus. The efficacy of the flu vaccine solely depends on the capability of your body s immunity system and how well it responds to the virus. Chronic illnesses weaken your body s defense mechanism and with a poor immunity system, the vaccine may not work properly. The time of the vaccination: For optimal protection, it is advised to go for the vaccination every year right before the flu season starts. This is because after the flu season gets done with, old vaccines may not work as effectively. The flu vaccine needs to be updated every season to guard you against the kind of flu dominant in that particular year. Getting yourself vaccinated is also not a guaranteed foolproof protection, however, it does render partial immunity and helps reduce the severity of the symptoms. However, it should be noted that flu vaccine cannot shield one from cold viruses.
6842 people found this helpful

Hepatitis B Eradication

Dr. Virender Kumar Bhatia 89% (470 ratings)
General Physician, Panipat
Hepatitis B Eradication
Like polio, many countries have eradicated Hepatitis B by giving Primary hepatitis b vaccine (three doses at 0, 1, 6 months) and One booster dose every 5th year to every 1. Pregnant lady 2. New born 3. Young middle and old aged person throughout life. Who has planned to eliminate hepatitis b in developing countries by 2030 As a new year resolution your family too can contribute to this great cause by getting vaccinated one and all.

Popular Questions & Answers

We gave rotavirus (rotasiil) vaccine to my 3 month baby, soon after vaccine we gave him breastfeeding after sometime he splits saliva along with milk, I wanted to know whether the vaccine enter his body or not, can you please suggest me.

MBBS, MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Faridabad
Hi lybrate-user, It is usual for babies to take out some saliva after vaccination with rotavirus. Do not worry the vaccine has entered his body. Even if the child vomits there is no need to repeat the vaccine. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, My boy baby s 6 months old. He is having loose motion in green colour for past three days around 6 times per day. This happened a day after vaccination of pneumococcal and hep B injection and polio drops. Is t normal. Why it happens.

Dr. V.P. Bansal 93% (568 ratings)
MBBS, MD, DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Indore
GIVE him medicine silicea 30, 1 pill once a day and chamomilla 30, 1 pill once a day and report thereafter for further treatment. It may be due to vaccine's reaction. Keep your baby hydrated well for more queries, contact us.
1 person found this helpful

Request you to share the knowledge on HPV vaccination, I am 25 years old, and is it advisable to take that vaccination? If so ,three doses or ?Please also share the vaccination cost. Thank you in advance.

Dr. Priyanka Singh 94% (50 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obs and Gynae, DNB -Obs & Gynae, MRCOG, Fellowship In Uro Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
There are 2 types of HPV vaccines- Cervarix and Gardasil. Cervarix prevents infection from HPV 16 and 18 which cause 70% of cervical cancers whereas Gardasil prevents infection from HPV 16, 18, 6 and 11. HPV 6 and 11 cause 90% of genital warts which are also sexually transmitted. These vaccines should ideally be taken by girls between 9 to 13 years of age, but can be taken up to 26 yrs. Best if taken before the girl becomes sexually active, as she might have already acquired the virus if vaccine is taken after start of sexual activity. Three doses are given at 0, 1 and 6 months intramuscularly. The cost per dose for Gardasil is Rs. 3000 and for Cervarix is Rs. 2190 in India. Pap smears for screening of cervical cancer should be done routinely at 3 years intervals even in women who have been vaccinated.

Health Quizzes

Taking Care of Infants and Toddlers

Dr. Prakash Medatwal 90% (862 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
Regularly bathing an infant is not necessary. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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