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Overview

Vaccination - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Vaccination is the method wherein a bacterium or virus is intentionally administered in a person’s body, enabling his/her immune system to prepare itself for fighting a future infection. It has the ability to protect your body from specific diseases by boosting your immunity. A vaccine is prepared with a very small amount of the virus or the bacteria that can cause a specific disease. These partial and weakened organisms prompt the immune system of your body to develop antibodies, for the very purpose of defending your system against those diseases.

Vaccination is one of the most important things recommended by doctors, especially for a child. Timely vaccinations can protect you from diseases such as:

  • Chicken pox
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Influenza
  • Rabies
  • Polio
  • Whooping cough
  • Tetanus
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B

Vaccines are highly necessary for eliminating, controlling or eradicating a number of infectious and serious diseases. It is true that children and elderly people are more prone to illness, but adults can also be affected by any kind of disease at any point in their lives. You should take your vaccination even if you are an adult if your vaccination was not completed in your yesteryears.

Just like eating healthy, exercising and going for regular checkups are important, vaccination is equally important and has an important role in maintaining your overall health. It can be considered as one of the safest and convenient preventive care actions available.

How is the treatment done?

A vaccine is created by the following three steps:

  • The antigen will be first generated. An antigen refers to the substance that enables the body to produce antibodies.
  • The antigen is then isolated from the cells that have been used to create it
  • The vaccine is prepared by adding stabilizers, preservatives and adjuvant to the generated antigen. Stabilizers will increase the storage life of the vaccine, preservatives make the vials possible for multi-dose and adjuvant help to enhance the immune response of the body towards the antigen.

Depending on the type of the vaccine that is being administered in your body, it could be by:

  • Oral administration, for stimulating the formation of antibodies in your intestinal linings. It will prevent the infected virus from binding to the wall or the mucous membrane of the intestine.
  • Intranasal, for combating diseases which spread in the body through the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity
  • Intradermal injection, wherein the vaccine will be injected into the upper layer of the skin, ensuring that it does not cause any damage to the nerves and blood vessels
  • Intramuscular injections that are injected into your muscle tissues
  • Subcutaneous injections that are injected into the layer of fat present between the skin and the muscles. This method is used when the vaccine needs to be released gradually in the body.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Most of the vaccines are administered to people during their childhood, but sometimes adults and elderly people can also require vaccination. You may require a vaccination in the following conditions:

  • You have a weak immune system: This could be due to certain cancers that can weaken the system, HIV infection or specific medications that have the ability to damage your immune system.
  • If you are pregnant, old or have some medical complications, you may be at a risk of getting an infection. To prevent it, a vaccination would be required.
  • If you plan to travel to specific places where an infection is common, you should get vaccinated so that you are not infected with that particular infection.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that are used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Are there any side effects?

Vaccination is not recommended in the following conditions:

  • Children who are less than six months old
  • If a person has a severe allergy to any kind of vaccine or any of the ingredients that is used in the vaccine; it could be an allergy to antibiotics, gelatin or any other ingredient.

Different vaccines can have different side effects. The most common ones would be:

  • Vaccine for TB – Swollen glands, ulcer at the site where it was injected
  • Vaccine for Chicken pox – Soreness, swelling, redness or a lump at the place where injected, fever, mild rashes
  • Vaccine for Cholera – Diarrhea, headache, mild gastrointestinal problems
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis A – Nausea, headache, tiredness, fever, redness at the injected area, general discomfort
  • Vaccine for Hepatitis B – Fever, redness
  • Vaccine for Influenza – Fever, tenderness of the muscles, swelling
  • Vaccine for polio – Muscle aches, fever, redness
  • Vaccine for rabies – Dizziness, nausea, headache, muscle pain
  • Vaccine for tetanus – Drowsiness, tiredness, vomiting, rashes
  • Vaccine for typhoid – Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, discomfort in the stomach, headache

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post treatment guidelines of vaccination would include:

  • If you are down with fever, you can take medicines but only after consulting your doctor. Drinking plenty of fluids can also help to bring down the fever.
  • In the case of swelling or redness, you can apply an ice pack on the area where the vaccine was injected. You can also use a wet cloth over the affected area.
  • Do not drive immediately after getting vaccinated
  • In case of an allergic reaction, consult your doctor

How long does it take to recover?

One can recover in two to three weeks after the vaccination. A proper diet can enhance the speed of recovery.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

There is no such exact estimate of the cost of vaccines in India. It depends on the type and dosage of the vaccine that needs to be administered.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Vaccines are generally administered as a series of doses over a certain time period. A single dose of a particular vaccination has only a limited duration of protection that it can offer. Listed below are some of the vaccinations and the time that a single dose lasts:

  • Chicken pox – 10 years (can also be for a lifetime)
  • Polio – 10 years
  • Cholera – 2 years (for oral vaccine)
  • Hepatitis A – 20 years or longer
  • Hepatitis B – lifelong
  • Tetanus – 10 years
  • Typhoid – 3 years
  • Yellow fever – 10 years
  • Rabies – 10 years (could be lifelong)
  • Pneumonia – 5 years

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The alternatives to vaccination can be:

  • Homeopathic nosodes – A nosode is a homeopathic preparation that you can take for boosting your immunity. It will provide you with a certain level of protection from specific diseases.
  • Ayurveda – There is no Ayurvedic vaccination as such, but it can make your immune system strong with the help of certain preparations and tonics.
Safety: Very High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: Vaccine dependent

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