While how well the flu vaccine works can vary, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends a yearly flu vaccination as the first and most important step in protecting against flu and its potentially serious complications. Millions of people have safely received flu vaccines for decades. Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors' visits, and missed work and school due to flu, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations.
A flu vaccination does not guarantee protection against the flu. Some people who get vaccinated might still get sick. However, people who get a flu vaccine are less likely to get sick with flu or hospitalized from flu than someone who does not get vaccinated.
Why do I need to get vaccinated every year?
New flu vaccines are released every year to keep up with rapidly adapting flu viruses. Because flu viruses evolve so quickly, last year's vaccine may not protect you from this year's viruses.
After vaccination, your immune system produces antibodies that will protect you from the vaccine viruses. In general, though, antibody levels start to decline over time — another reason to get a flu shot every year.
Flu vaccines bring down the risks of suffering from flu. However, its effectiveness is based on different factors.
Age: Usually, the flu vaccine happens to work the best for healthy adults. However, these vaccines cannot work as well with children, especially infants (below the age of 2-3 years). Nevertheless, the efficacy improves with age. Since older people are more prone to contracting the flu virus, it is essential that they get themselves vaccinated. Even if the vaccine is not able to ward off the flu entirely, it can still help reduce the risks to some extent.
General Health: Vaccine spurs immunity into action. It helps your body in identifying and fighting the virus. The efficacy of the flu vaccine solely depends on the capability of your body’s immunity system and how well it responds to the virus. Chronic illnesses weaken your body’s defence mechanism and with a poor immunity system, the vaccine may not work properly.
The time of the vaccination: For optimal protection, it is advised to go for the vaccination every year right before the ‘flu’ season starts. This is because after the flu season gets done with, old vaccines may not work as effectively.
The flu vaccine needs to be updated every season to guard you against the kind of flu dominant in that particular year. Getting yourself vaccinated is also not a guaranteed foolproof protection, however, it does render partial immunity and helps reduce the severity of the symptoms. However, it should be noted that flu vaccine cannot shield one from cold viruses.
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm originating in the cervix uteri. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cause of cancer in women. Lack of screening programs in the developing world means that the disease is not identified until it is too late, resulting in higher mortality.
Asymptomatic (without any symptom)
Vaginal bleeding on touch
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Bleeding after coitus
Menstrual bleeding that is longer and Heavier than usual.
Bleeding even after menopause.
Moderate pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal discharge in advanced disease, metastases may be present in the abdomen, lungs or elsewhere.
(i) The central cause of cervical cancer is HPV - Human Papilloma Virus.
(ii) It is transmitted through sexual contact.
(iii) Low-risk type virus may cause genital warts.
(iv) High-risk type may cause precancer or cancer
(v) Only women with persistent HPV are at risk.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV is cause of 70% of cervical cancer globally.
(ii) Chemotherapy in early stages
(iii) Radiotherapy in advanced stages.
Cancer screening: MOST IMPORTANT DIAGNOSTIC TOOL:
Pap smear can identify precancerous and potentially precancerous changes in cervical cells and tissue. The smear should contain cells from SCJ (squamocolumnar junction), Transformation zone and endocervix. Ayre’s spatula and endocervical brush are used. Cells are spread on slide and fixed immediately. The treatment protocol depends upon the findings of the smear report. Liquid-based cytology can also be performed now.
Cervical screening programs have reduced the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more.
Colposcopy- a magnified visual inspection of the cervix aided by using a dilute acetic acid (e.g. vinegar), colposcopy guided Biopsy, Endocervical curratage, Pelvic examination are also important tools for screening of cancer.
The screening intervals are:
Guidelines According to Age and Reproductive Status
After a woman becomes sexually active, pap smear testing needs to be done after every 2 years.
After that, if you get 3 consecutive normal pap smears (that is, three normal tests in a row), the doctors may consider spacing this test to every 3 years.
After 65 years of age, you may stop.
However, doctors may recommend for more frequent testings in any of the following conditions if:
You are HIV positive
You have inflammation of cervix in previous pap smear screening test.
You are nutritionally deficient and weak.
Immunocompromised state, like after radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or after a lone term steroid treatment.
Your mother was exposed to DES (diethylstilbestrol) while pregnant.
New HOPE for CERVICAL CANCER:
Cervarix and Garsasil are vaccines against certain types of cancer-causing human papillomavirus.
HPV is a virus, usually transmitted sexually, which can cause cervical cancer.
Gardasil, also known as Gardisil or Silgard or recombinant human papillomavirus vaccine [types 6, 11, 16, 18] is a vaccine for use in the prevention of certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), specifically HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. HPV types 16 and 18 cause an estimated 70% of cervical cancers, and are responsible for most HPV-induced anal, vulvar, vaginal and penile cancer cases. HPV types 6 and 11 cause an estimated 90% of genital warts cases.
Cervarix is designed to prevent infection from HPV types 16 and 18, that cause about 70% of cervical cancer cases.
Immunization with vaccine consists of 3 doses of 0.5-mL each, by intramuscular injection according to the following schedule: 0, 1, and 6 months. Vaccine is available in 0.5-mL single-dose vials. You may contact to nearest gynecologist for further information about vaccines.
HOW DOES AYURVEDA HELP?
Ayurveda has definite protective influence over the killing disease. Prana is ultimate force that maintains our vitality. In Ayurveda this is named as Vata. We have to balance our Vata to keep away from killing cancer. Cancer prevention is targeted at creating balance and harmony through AAHARA, VIHARA, DINACHARYA RUTUCHARYA , RUTUSANDHICHARYA, SADVRUTA, PRANAYAMA, RASAYANA SEVAN, PANCHAKARMA AACHAR RASAYANA, AND ANTICANCER HERBS. Research has shown that some ayurvedic herbs has anticancer activity. Curcumin, inhibit tumor-promoting enzymes and interfere with the growth of cancerous tumors. As a powerful antioxidant, curcumin neutralizes free radicals that increase the risk of cancer. So HARIDRA TAILA pichoo (A sterile tampoon soaked in oil kept in vagina) is effective.
It is important to continue looking for effective ways to expand screening for each women for reducing cervical cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide. So here we all should screen, prevent and treat cervical cancer to improve the quality and logitivity of life of women.
However, with an annual shot of influenza vaccine, you can stay immune to the infection, and more the number of people getting vaccinated, lesser the number of contagious infections.
How does the influenza vaccine work?
Influenza vaccine leads to the production of antibodies in the body within two weeks after taking the vaccination. These antibodies provide protection against the infection from the viruses which are present in the vaccine. The seasonal influenza vaccine shields the body from the flu viruses that are most rampant during various seasons.
Viruses that you are protected from
The traditional flu vaccine which is more commonly referred to as trivalent vaccine is meant to protect against three types of flu viruses. These are:
There are also flu vaccines available which protect against four types of viruses known as the quadrivalent viruses. They protect from the same viruses as the trivalent vaccine along with an extra influenza B virus.
Types of flu vaccines
The doctors recommend using injectable influenza vaccines that include an inactivated influenza vaccine, as well as a recombinant influenza vaccine. As discussed earlier, there are two types of vaccines available.
The trivalent vaccine:
This vaccine includes standard dose shots. These are manufactured using the virus that is grown in eggs. Most of the flu shots are given in the muscle in the arm.
The quadrivalent influenza vaccine:
Quadrivalent influenza shots are approved for people of varying age groups. This includes older people and infants as young as 6 months. Sometimes, an intradermal influenza shot is injected into a muscle. This shot makes use of a much finer needle as compared to the regular shot needles.
The nasal spray vaccination:
The nasal spray flu vaccination, commonly referred to as LAIV, is a type of attenuated vaccine that has live, weakened virus. An alternative to the needle shots, the nasal spray can be administered to anyone between ages 2 and 49 and are not pregnant. Both the nasal spray and the needle shots provide immunity to the seasonal flu infections and have proven to be very effective.
The symptoms of seasonal flu infections range from a cough and runny nose to fevers and chills. It can cause moderate to severe discomfort to the patient, and the infection is contagious.
Hence, to prevent yourself from getting sick and spreading to others, getting vaccinated with Influenza vaccine every year is crucial.
Most of us today live a hectic life, be it pressing deadlines or tiring social engagements, but in all this hustle and bustle, we often tend to neglect our health. Do you know that today, for all of us, there is a great need of preventive care, especially when the health threats have magnified?
This also includes being able to get proper guidance to lead a healthier lifestyle with regular tests and health checkups that will help us in knowing our present state of health and identifying risks and threats well in advance.
Did you know that almost seven out of ten deaths are caused due to chronic diseases and that half of these cases are not diagnosed on time? Do you understand that recognising the early symptoms and risks with proper screening and regular check-ups can reduce the number of deaths significantly? Sounds familiar, are you also one of those who has never cared for preventive healthcare checkups?
These preventive health checkups are actually life-saving, as they update you on how fit and healthy you are. Preventive health care basically deals with the prevention of diseases and conditions that may be caused due to environmental factors, genetic predisposition of the patient, lifestyle choices as well as disease agents. In this field, constant check-ups and preventive action equip people to deal with and ward off these causes so as to prevent the onset of a number of diseases and ailments.
You can easily trace and prevent major lifestyle diseases like diabetes, cancer, vitamin deficiency, toxins in the body and what not. You just have to be regular with your full body checkups to ensure a healthy and hearty life.
Here is everything you need to know about preventive healthcare:
In today's time, it is very simple to get a preventive health check-up done. All it takes is a simple blood and urine test at a lab and you will be able to know all you need to know about your health. Further, if there has been an outbreak of an epidemic where you live, then preventive health care will help in getting the right tests done at the right time so as to ensure that you get the proper vaccinations. With preventive healthcare, you can also get genetic testing done on a regular basis so as to learn more about preventing diseases like asthma, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and many others that one might inherit genetically.
It is time that we take care of ourselves by booking a full body check up today and live a healthy and stress-free life.
Parents need to do everything possible to ensure their kids are in good health and shielded from preventable diseases. Vaccination is an ideal approach for the same. Vaccination shields children from serious sickness and the complications of diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. This can include removal of an arm or leg, loss of motion of limbs, hearing loss, paralysis, brain damage and even death. Vaccination is very safe and is always successful. All the vaccines go through a long and cautious survey by researchers, specialists, and the government to ensure they are safe to use.
Here are a few reasons as to why vaccination is very important:
It is the first vaccine that the doctor will ask your child to get if he/she gets wound. Tetanus is a rare but severe condition which occurs when bacteria enter into an open wound. It can turn fatal if left untreated, so you need to follow the vaccination schedule in order to control the infection. Indulging in substance abuse (especially the ones that require injecting with syringes) increases the risk of tetanus.
This disorder is caused by the bacteria called ‘Clostridium tetani’. The bacterium is known to survive for an extended period outside the body, and is found in places such as soil and the manure of cows and horses. The bacteria enter the body through a wound, multiply rapidly and then release a toxin. This toxin causes muscle spasms and stiffness, thus affecting your nerves. The bacteria can enter the body through cuts, burns, animal bites, body piercings and eye injuries. However, this disorder is not contagious.
The symptoms of this disease can take 5-20 days to develop fully in the body. Your child may experience symptoms such as a rise in the body temperature, sweating, rapid heartbeats, muscle spasms and stiffening of the jaw muscles. These symptoms will worsen if left untreated, eventually leading to cardiac arrest or suffocation in some cases.
If your child has a wound, the first step is to administer an injection of tetanus immunoglobulin. Tetanus immunoglobulin contains antibodies that effectively kill the tetanus bacteria. In case the symptoms start, then the child might need to be admitted to a hospital. Here, antibiotics and muscle relaxants are administered and breathing support may also be provided if required.
The preventive measure of this disorder is to be vaccinated against the ‘tetanus’ bacteria. The vaccine consists of five injections that are administered in a specific order. Once the entire course has been completed, it usually provides lifelong protection against the tetanus bacteria.
What is HPV infection?
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that causes skin and mucous membrane infections. There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause plantar warts on the feet, while other varieties of HPV infection are responsible for the warts that most commonly occur on a person’s hands or face.
Symptoms of HPV infection-
Causes of HPV infection-
Risk factors of HPV infection-
Complications of HPV infection-
Diagnosis of HPV infection-
Diagnosis of HPV infection involves the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of HPV infection-
Treatment of HPV infection-
Homeopathic Treatment of HPV Infection-
Homeopathy heals lesions and prevents further lesions. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of HPV infection are:
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of HPV Infection-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of HPV infection-
Allopathic Treatment of HPV infection involves the following medications:
Surgical Treatment of HPV infection
Surgical Treatment of HPV infection involves one of the following surgeries:
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of HPV infection-
The ways to improve immune system of our kids so that they do not succumb too often to cold, cough, loose motions , and repeated fever is to follow these simple steps:
Keeping them away from emotional stress and making them happy also helps in building kids immunity.
Frequent Upper & Lower Respiratory infections occur and medicines like Antibiotics and Steroids are frequently advised to control infection and improve lung function.
Most of us have a preconceived notion that Steroids are "BAD MEDICINES" and should be avoided at all cost. But is it true?
NO, Steroids are useful medication in hands of expert Specialists, they help in crisis situations for Quick Response to reduce inflammation, reduce severity of symptoms and save lives.
Steroids are available in oral, Inhaled and Injection form. While Injections are usually for Emergency & Hospitalised patients, Oral form (Tablets/Syrups) & Inhaled (Rotacaps/Inhalers/Nebulising solutions) are used commonly.
So what are the side effects of steroid use?
Minor side effects (on short term use)
Serious Side Effects (due to Prolonged use) may raise risk of:
So what is the verdict ??
Steroids are Potent, Patient friendly, Safe medicines when prescribed by doctors for short periods of disease or emergency, any long term therapy should always be under Expert Doctor Supervision & due risk management.
All respiratory patients should undergo Vaccinations & Pulmonary Rehabilitation to help reduce "Flare ups".
What are Genital warts?
Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. They are caused by a virus known as the human papilloma virus (HPV).
Symptoms of Genital warts-
Causes of Genital warts-
Risk factors of Genital warts-
Complications of Genital warts-
Diagnosis of Genital warts-
Diagnosis of Genital warts includes the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of Genital warts-
Treatment of Genital warts
Treatment of Genital warts-
Homeopathic Treatment of Genital warts-
The homeopathic remedies can work well with your body’s immune system to help get rid of this virus. It acts by triggering a response of the immune system against the warts to kill them. Some of the homeopathic remedies used for treatment of genital warts are:
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Genital warts-
Conventional or Allopathic Treatment of Genital warts include the following medications:
Surgical Treatment of Genital warts-
Surgical Treatment of Genital warts includes the following surgeries:
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Genital warts-