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Urinary Tract Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur anywhere within the urinary system. This infection occurs largely within the bladder and urethra, which is why it is also known as a bladder infection. While women are generally more susceptible to getting a UTI, the infection can occur in men as well. A UTI is considered a low risk infection however, it can be extremely dangerous once the infection spreads into the kidneys. This is why it should be resolved as soon as possible.

Urinary tract infections are fairly quick to treat. There are specific medications available in the market to treat this infection and you can administer them to yourself in the comfort of your home. If your infection has a tendency to occur again and again, your doctor may prescribe a mild antibiotic to help clear it out once and for all. If the infection is occurring post menopause, then the doctor may recommend vaginal oestrogen therapy in order to prevent more infections from taking place.

If you are suffering from a severe urinary tract infection, then you may have to be hospitalized. This is because the doctor will want to give you your medications intravenously in order to clear the infection faster.

How is the treatment done?

A urinary tract infection is diagnosed with the help of a urine sample. Analysing the sample can provide enough evidence for the doctor to confirm your UTI. If your UTIs are recurrent, the doctor may use a scope in order to have a look inside your urethra and bladder to determine the cause for recurrence. An ultrasound or an MRI can also help in this case. If your UTI is severe, a bacteria culture may be grown within the lab for the doctor to get more information about the infection. However, more often than not, a urine sample will suffice.

Once the UTI is confirmed, the treatment can begin. Your doctor will prescribe the appropriate medications to you to clear out the infection. The exact dosage will depend on how severe or mild the infection is. All you need to do is take the pills as directed.

For recurrent infections, an antibiotic course that can go up to 6 months or longer will be prescribed. This will not only clear the infection you have, but also take care of any other strains of bacteria left behind or new infections to follow in the course of the treatment.

If your UTI is severe, then you might be hospitalized. A cannula will be inserted into your arm or wrist and an IV drip will be attached to the same. The drip will contain antibiotic medication that will help get rid of the UTI within a few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have a UTI, you can seek out treatment for the same. UTI treatments can be administered to women and men of all ages.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are suffering from a kidney infection, you might exhibit symptoms and signs that can be similar to a bladder infection. Once a proper diagnosis is carried out, you can be sure of what you have. If you have a kidney infection, then the treatments for a UTI will not help you.

Are there any side effects?

Antibiotics can sometimes raise the body temperature and cause a fever. This is completely normal and nothing to be alarmed about.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Certain lifestyle changes can help you prevent UTIs from occurring. Drinking plenty of fluids can help ensure that your urinary system is flushed out on a regular basis. This keeps it clean and less susceptible to infections. Peeing after having sexual intercourse is also a way to ensure that your urinary system is not clogged.

How long does it take to recover?

It can take a few days to clear up the infection, although the treatment itself may last a full week.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

UTI medications can cost between Rs. 50 – Rs. 100.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Some people have recurrent UTIs. If this is the case, it is important to examine why the infection keeps coming back. Treating the underlying condition or resolving the lifestyle element that is leading to the infection recurring can help clear it once and for all. However, with most people, the results of the treatment are permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Cranberry juice is known to help prevent UTIs, though there are no official studies to back up this claim.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs 50 - Rs 100

Popular Health Tips

Urology Ailments - 5 Most Common Ones!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Lucknow
Urology Ailments - 5 Most Common Ones!

The urologic system includes all problems related to the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra, and the prostate. These problems could range from trauma, injury, inflammation, infections, and muscular problems like overactive bladder, prostate hypertrophy, sexual disorders (candidiasis, erectile dysfunction, etc.), tumors or overgrowths, infections of any part along the entire tract, and even erectile dysfunction.

Let us quickly look at the most common ones kidney stones, urinary tract infections, prostate enlargement, erectile dysfunction, and vaginal candidiasis.

  1. Kidney stones: These are calcium deposits, which can seat themselves in any part of the kidney and sometimes even in the ureter. These can cause significant sharp, shooting pain in the back of the abdomen. The pain is almost diagnostic, and while small stones may pass on their own, others may require shock wave lithotripsy to break the bigger ones into smaller ones, which can then pass on their own through urine. Dietary modifications may also be required to prevent the formation of stones, as most people tend to have recurrence of stones.
  2. Prostate hypertrophy: One of the most common problems faced by ageing men is benign prostatic enlargement (BPH). There would be a constant urge to urinate, simultaneous difficulty initiating a stream and a feeling of incomplete emptying. These happen more at night, and diagnosis is very easy, any elderly male who shows these symptoms is almost diagnostic of BPH. This requires a standard surgical procedure known as transurethral resection of the prostate, which is a same-day surgery and quite non-complicated.
  3. Urinary tract infections: This is one of the most common infections, which can be acquired from the use of public bathrooms and unhygienic bathroom practices. There is chance for infection of the entire tract starting from the urethra to the ureter, the bladder, and the kidney. These run the course of any infection. Treatment is usually with a course of oral antibiotics along with symptomatic treatment of the other symptoms like fever, muscle ache, etc. In very rare cases, systemic antibiotics may be required.
  4. Erectile dysfunction: One of the most common, but undisclosed male sexual problem is erectile dysfunction. There is inability of the male to achieve and/or sustain an erection, sufficient to have a satisfactory sexual intercourse. This has both physical and psychological reasons, and may also be due to hormonal imbalance. Very often, a discussion with a counselor would be required to treat the couple, as involving the partner is very important.
  5. Vaginal candidiasis: The normal vaginal flora is very rich with the fungi Candida, and when immunity is low, candidiasis develops. There could be symptoms like foul-smelling discharge, itching, and redness. A course of topical antifungal agents is usually effective in treating this condition.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2221 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection - How Constipation Can Lead To It?

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Urinary Tract Infection - How Constipation Can Lead To It?

UTI is an infection that occurs in the urinary tract. It is more common in males than in females and it occurs in both the sexes contrary to popular belief. It usually is the work of a bacterium known as E.coli (Escherichia coli) although other bacterium and fungi may also be responsible for the same, very rarely do they actually cause it. UTI is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD) but it can pose a risk factor during sexual intercourse. So you need to be careful.

Since UTI is caused by a bacteria you can catch it from a number of sources. People who live in unhygienic conditions, lower income groups and the like are more prone to contracting UTI. UTI can cause a number of complications depending on the kind of infection you contract. It can affect the kidneys, which is the upper urinary tract, resulting in pyelonephritis as well as the bladder, the lower urinary tract resulting in cystitis. The simplest of UTI can be handled using a range of antibiotics but it can get further aggravated at which point it needs to be treated with intravenous antibiotics. There is a fair chance of mortality stemming from this disease and the lack of awareness about how it is caused does not help either. Thus, here is a quick guide to the causes of UTI that you can and should keep an eye out for:

  1. Constipation: Constipation makes it very easy for bacteria cultures to develop in your bladder. Since you cannot empty your body of the toxins as it does when you defecate, there is enough time and place for the bacteria to multiply and cause UTI. On the other hand, diarrhoea or faecal incontinence increase your chances of contracting UTI as the bacterium from the stool can stay stuck to your vagina and urethra. Be careful to wash up well after a bowel movement.
  2. Dehydration: Water helps in eliminating the body harmful toxins from the body that might cause infections and such. If you do not drink enough water and stay hydrated then your body becomes a breeding ground for bacteria that can cause UTI. Not drinking enough water can also lead to kidney stones which in turn stop your urine flow and nurture bacteria growth.
  3. Birth control and feminine hygiene products: The use of contraception and feminine hygiene products during menstruation like tampons and sanitary napkins can lead to UTI if not carefully monitored. Frequently changing your birth control is not advised as it can cause hormonal changes and affect the normal bacteria in your vagina. On the other hand, change your tampons as frequently as possible so as not to harbour bacteria growth.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3719 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection And Pregnancy - How Are They Linked?

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Urinary Tract Infection And Pregnancy - How Are They Linked?

Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is a common symptom that arises in pregnant women. If such is the case with you, then without much ado, you should take the advice of a medical practitioner. Urinary Tract Infections if left untreated for too long, may develop into serious kidney infections and may hamper many body metabolism processes. 

What is cause of urinary tract infection? 

Urinary tract infections are usually caused by bacteria which find their way through to the urine. They can present in different ways. 

  1. Asymptomatic, wherein the bacteria present in the urine does not manifest any outward symptoms. 
  2. In bladder infection, you may experience pain while passing urine, urinate quite often, there may be blood in urine or you may have high temperature. 
  3. Urinary tract infection may also present in form of Kidney infection in pregnant women. 

Symptoms of such infections would include pain in the lower abdomen/loin, high grade fever with chills, blood in the urine, feeling nauseous and have vomiting

How does urinary tract infection affect pregnancy? 

Urinary infection may affect pregnancy in different ways. If you are suffering from urinary tract infection which is left untreated, you may have an early delivery. A kidney infection is not uncommon in pregnant women and may develop following bladder infection. Regular check-ups, with your medical practitioner, is advisable during pregnancy for early detection of urinary tract infection. In case, you experience any of the symptoms of urinary tract infection, you must visit a doctor and they would advise you for a urine sample test. Based on the test, your diagnosis is made. Even if you do not feel any symptoms, doctors often ask pregnant women to give a sample for urine test periodically. This is because even if an asymptomatic infection develops, you need to be treated early for it. 

Treatment of urinary tract infection during pregnancy: 

  1. Drink enough water to flush out the bacteria. However many are also against it stating it would lead to an increased number of painful trips. But if you are suffering from fever due to infection it would help in keeping your body hydrated. 
  2. Alkalisers and painkillers: These are prescribed whenever indicated. 
  3. Antibiotic: These are the mainstay treatment for curing urinary tract infection. Care is taken that they do not harm the development and growth of the baby under any circumstance. Be aware of the facts of urinary tract infection during your pregnancy. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2730 people found this helpful

Tips To Improve Your Urological Health!

MCh - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Chennai
Tips To Improve Your Urological Health!

Urological problems occur irrespective of gender and age. So, if you don’t want to fall victim to the problems of urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, kidneys tones or any other urological disorder, here are a few tips that can help you improve your overall urological health.

  1. Water is your best friend: Water and other fluids are your best friend if you want to maintain your urological health. As you already know the main purpose of the urinary system is to cleanse your body and excrete all the waste and toxic products from your body. These toxins and waste are excreted from the body with the help of urine. So, when you increase your water intake, more and more toxins will be thrown out of your body. Doctors usually recommend having at least 8 glasses of water per day. But apart from water certain fruit juices like cranberry juice, which is excellent for urological health.
  2. Don’t hold your urine: There are many people who have a habit of holding back their urine. Therefore, it is important for you to know that it can do your body a lot of harm. So, when you feel the urge to go to the toilet, it is essential that empty your bladder.
  3. Stop having alcohol and coffee: Coffee and alcohol, both have several bad effects on your body. They act as a diuretic. These two products tend to irritate the lining of your bladder. This causes urinary incontinence and you will feel the urge to urinate more frequently.
  4. Reduce your intake of salt: Salt is an important seasoning and is required in every dish. Consuming it is okay but some people tend to take salt in quite higher amounts. You should never do that. This leads to retention of water in your body. They often lead to an increase in your blood pressure and also leads to kidney damage. The occurrence of kidney stones also occurs on an increased salt intake. Thus, fried and canned foods should be avoided as much as possible if you want to keep the urinary tract problems at bay.
  5. Hygiene is very important: During intercourse, many microorganisms enter your urinary tract and they even have the potential to cause several infections. Urinary tract infections are more common in women due to the shorter length of the urethra in them. The female vagina and male groin become the hub for microorganisms. And they get transferred during sex. So, you must maintain hygiene by cleaning your private parts regularly and changing your underwear daily. Keep your genitalia clean. Wash it with a mild cleanser or even plain water would do.

These tips are very crucial and following them thoroughly will help you to maintain a proper urological health. The responsibility of maintaining a good health always lies in your own hands.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3202 people found this helpful

Use Of Laser In Urology - How It Is Beneficial?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Bangalore
Use Of Laser In Urology - How It Is Beneficial?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  • Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  • Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to locate the stones, fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  • Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  • Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1853 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Good evening to all. I am 31 years old, somewhere around 15 days back when I was suffering from urine infection and I was on antibiotics, I went for my hba1c test and in that report my hba1c % value was 5.9, however, I was taking alcohol (1quarter whisky) every night since last 3 months, and I used to have rice in my dinner most of the time. I have been suggested to go for my OGTT test. I god the report yesterday, number are as below. Fasting - 86.5 After taking 75 gm of glucose. After 1 hour - 158 After 2 hours - 134 After 3 hours - 109 Earlier my 2 hours fasting result was 114 but I asked the lab technician to put it on repeat and he has done the same, when he put it on repeat it came as 134. So the numbers are in normal range, I just want to know whether I am prediabetes or I am in a normal range. I have read a lot and found it that if you have any infection in your body or you are on antibiotics your glucose level can increase. Can't go for hba1c as I was continuously taking alcohol and rice in the evening since last 3 to 4 months, hba1c shows last 3 months of sugar level in your body so obviously it will show the higher range. In my family there is no diabetic patient. Please reply I need your suggestions! Each and every reply will be highly appreciated.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. Following are the criteria to decide whether one is normal, prediabetic or has diabetes: 1) Normal: FBG 70 to 100 mg, PP < 140 mg, HbA1c% <5.7% 2) Prediabetes: FBG 101 to 125 mg, PP 141 to 199 mg & HbA1c% 5.7 to 6.4. 3) Diabetes:FBG: 126 mg and above, PP 200 mg and above, HbA1c% 6.5 and above. Since your HbA1c% is 5.9%, you seem to be in a prediabetic stage. It is not necessary that there has to be a positive family history. Thanks.

Hi sir, I am a 19 years old female from last 10 days I'm feeling pain in the lower area and i am unable to pass urine I often feel like to urinate but no urination is held and I am feeling severe and burning sensation I have been drinking plenty of water from last 10 days but no cure is there please help.

MD - Anaesthesiology , PDCC - Pain Management
Pain Management Specialist,
Hello lybrate-user, It appears you have developed Urinary Tract Infection. You should drink plenty of fluids. Apart from that, antibiotic course is needed. So, follow below advice: Tab. Norflox 400 mg twice daily (after food) x 7 days Tab. Pan D 1 tablet once daily before breakfast x 7 days Cap. Bicosule 1 capsule once daily x 1 month Plenty of fluids Drink Cranberry juice, if available. Hope you will get well soon.
3 people found this helpful

I am 21 Years old male. I Have foamy urine since almost a year now. Every time I urinate white foam gets formed on top of toilet water. I consulted my family doctor recently and he advised to do following test 1) CBC 2) BUN 3) URINE. 4) Blood sugar The following were the results. 1) CBC WAS NORMAL 2) BUN also is completely normal 3) Urine was also completely normal with protein traces 4) Blood sugar also came out normal. So what exactly is the issue?

Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
In all probability, your intake of water is less. Drink at least 2.5 litres of water a day. This will lead to diluted urine and there will be no foaming. Repeat urine routine testing after about 2 weeks. Check for any particles in urine also (sediments, casts or crystals)
1 person found this helpful

Am 12 weeks pregnant. I had uti 30 days back and took taxim o 200 mg twice a day for 5 days and got cured, on visiting a doctor. Now again I got uti, can I take taxim or same dose? Is it okay to take antibiotic again in a gap of 30 days.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
You should get your urine culture and sensitivity done and take antibiotics according to the report. If you have got your urine culture and sensitivity and taxim -o is sensitive to bacterial growth then take it twice daily for 10 days.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Female Genital Infections
Myself Dr Ekta Singh, a gynaecologist in Noida. Aj hum baat karenge un infections ki women ki private parts mein hoti hain. Isme bohut ki common hain urinary tract infection, ya hum use UTI ki naam se jante hain. Isme patient ko, baar baar urine jana padh sakta hain, burning ho sakti hain, or pain bhi hota hai genital area me. Yeh kabhi bhi ho sakta hain, kisi bhi age group mein ho sakta hain, aur winter mein kabhi kabhi paani peena kam karte hain to aisa ho jaata hain. Isme hum jab urine test karate hain, routine microscopy and culture, toh isse pata chalta hai ki haan, infection hai. Lekin ye test karana tab bilkul zaruri hota hain jab ye infection recurrent ho, baar baar ho jay. Aise hi agar baar baar hota hain, ya saath mein flank pain ho raha hai, toh humein ek ultrasound jo kidney-bladder ko focus karta hua hota hain, ultrasound ko KUB kehte hain hum, use karana chahiye, aur agar aap ki mother father diabetic hain, ya humein kabhi aisa raha ho, toh blood sugar ka test bhi karna chahiye. Agar paani dher sara piyein, agar apko piyein aap, toh apni gyanecologsit se mile, who apko antibiotic dete hain, aur ____ agent dete hain, aura ap use treat ho sakte ho.

Ab hum baat karenge infections in vaginal tract, jaise vaginitis and vulvitis. Isme patient ko bohut zyada itching hoti hain, redness ho sakta hain, discharge hota hain. Ye alag alag agents ke wajah se ho sakte hain jaise fungal infection apne suna hoga, jisko candida infection bhi kehte hain, yeast infection bhi kehte hain. Isme patient ko bohut thick discharge hota hain, curdy white, chesse ki tarah ka, cheesy white discharge hota hain, and itching is very severe, redness ho sakti hain.

Iske ilawa protozoan infection hota hain, isme frothy yellowish white discharge hota hain aur itching hoti hain, thin discharge hota hain.

Iske alwa bacterial infection bhi ho sakta hain. Iske liye aap apni gynaecologist se treatment lete hain, aur especially agar aap sexually active hain, toh husband and wife ya both partners should take medicines, then results are long term and effective.

Iske alawa apne suna hoga bohut saare sexually transmitted disease hote hain jisme se bohut saare curable hain, jaise gonorrhoea, and chlamydia and syphilis. Inko toh cure kiya ja sakta hain, par kuch hai jinko cure nahi kiya ja sakta hain, treatment ko unka sambhav hain, jaise ki aap jante hain Hepatitis B and HIV, AIDS jisko hum kehte hain, Herpes inko properly cure karna sambhav nahi hain. Aj ke yug mein jo hamare paas therapies hain. Iske liye hum samaj sakte hain ki prevention zyada accha hain. Toh hum sabhi ko apna husband ya partner ki sexual history ke baare main pata hona chahiye. Agar hum monogamous hain, matlab hamare partner ek hain, toh chances of sexually transmitted diseases bohut kam ho jaat hain, jaise ki India mein hum sabhi most of us are monogamous. This is good practice actually. And then we should use a barrier method. Barrier methods humein ek doosre se infection transmission ko kaafi kam kar dete hain. Iske upar agar hum jate hain, toh PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease ho sakti hain patient ko, jisme humein lower abdomen pain hota hain. Ya hum sexually active hain, toh during coitus, humein pain ho sakta hain. Aisa kuch bhi hota hain toh hum gynaecologist se mil sakte hain.

Agar aap mujhse consult karana chahte hain, toh Lybrate ke through aap mujhse appointment le sakte hain, ya online consultation bhi kar sakte hain. Otherwise aap mere clinic pe, jo ki 61 Sector mein hain, Noida mein, C20 is the address, you can come here.

Thank you.
Play video
Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy
Here are some tips on urinary tract infection during pregnancy

I m Dr. Sharda Jain. I m the director of Life Care Centre. This is one of the benchmark centers as far as the pregnancy care is concerned. I m going to give you a tip to prevent Urinary tract infection during pregnancy. 5% of the patients who do not have any symptoms have asymptomatic bacteriuria. If this bacteriuria urinary infection is not treated then in 40% of the cases the infection can go up and infect the kidney. So it is essential during pregnancy that we have urine culture right at the beginning of the first 12 weeks. Now in case, there is no urinary culture detected then in that particular case we repeat this test in 2nd trimester and the 3rd trimester. Now how will you know that you have urinary tract infection?

1.You will have increased frequency- the passage of urine becomes frequent.

2.You have urgency- it means that you can t hold the urine and in such cases once we find that the urine culture is positive, we treat your case. It is advised to you that do not ignore urinary tract infection during pregnancy. It is prone in patients of PCOS, diabetes and chronic discharges which women have so please do not ignore the symptoms.

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