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Overview

Urinary Tract Infection: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur anywhere within the urinary system. This infection occurs largely within the bladder and urethra, which is why it is also known as a bladder infection. While women are generally more susceptible to getting a UTI, the infection can occur in men as well. A UTI is considered a low risk infection however, it can be extremely dangerous once the infection spreads into the kidneys. This is why it should be resolved as soon as possible.

Urinary tract infections are fairly quick to treat. There are specific medications available in the market to treat this infection and you can administer them to yourself in the comfort of your home. If your infection has a tendency to occur again and again, your doctor may prescribe a mild antibiotic to help clear it out once and for all. If the infection is occurring post menopause, then the doctor may recommend vaginal oestrogen therapy in order to prevent more infections from taking place.

If you are suffering from a severe urinary tract infection, then you may have to be hospitalized. This is because the doctor will want to give you your medications intravenously in order to clear the infection faster.

How is the treatment done?

A urinary tract infection is diagnosed with the help of a urine sample. Analysing the sample can provide enough evidence for the doctor to confirm your UTI. If your UTIs are recurrent, the doctor may use a scope in order to have a look inside your urethra and bladder to determine the cause for recurrence. An ultrasound or an MRI can also help in this case. If your UTI is severe, a bacteria culture may be grown within the lab for the doctor to get more information about the infection. However, more often than not, a urine sample will suffice.

Once the UTI is confirmed, the treatment can begin. Your doctor will prescribe the appropriate medications to you to clear out the infection. The exact dosage will depend on how severe or mild the infection is. All you need to do is take the pills as directed.

For recurrent infections, an antibiotic course that can go up to 6 months or longer will be prescribed. This will not only clear the infection you have, but also take care of any other strains of bacteria left behind or new infections to follow in the course of the treatment.

If your UTI is severe, then you might be hospitalized. A cannula will be inserted into your arm or wrist and an IV drip will be attached to the same. The drip will contain antibiotic medication that will help get rid of the UTI within a few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you have a UTI, you can seek out treatment for the same. UTI treatments can be administered to women and men of all ages.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are suffering from a kidney infection, you might exhibit symptoms and signs that can be similar to a bladder infection. Once a proper diagnosis is carried out, you can be sure of what you have. If you have a kidney infection, then the treatments for a UTI will not help you.

Are there any side effects?

Antibiotics can sometimes raise the body temperature and cause a fever. This is completely normal and nothing to be alarmed about.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Certain lifestyle changes can help you prevent UTIs from occurring. Drinking plenty of fluids can help ensure that your urinary system is flushed out on a regular basis. This keeps it clean and less susceptible to infections. Peeing after having sexual intercourse is also a way to ensure that your urinary system is not clogged.

How long does it take to recover?

It can take a few days to clear up the infection, although the treatment itself may last a full week.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

UTI medications can cost between Rs. 50 – Rs. 100.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Some people have recurrent UTIs. If this is the case, it is important to examine why the infection keeps coming back. Treating the underlying condition or resolving the lifestyle element that is leading to the infection recurring can help clear it once and for all. However, with most people, the results of the treatment are permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Cranberry juice is known to help prevent UTIs, though there are no official studies to back up this claim.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs 50 - Rs 100

Popular Health Tips

5 Reasons It Is Why Women Must Consult An Urologist!

Dr. Abdul Munnon Durrani 87% (851 ratings)
DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery
Urologist, Delhi
5 Reasons It Is Why Women Must Consult An Urologist!
There is a prevalent misconception that gynecologists are for women what urologists are for men. But urologists also deal with certain women-related health issues. These include overactive bladder, pelvic organ prolapse, and urinary incontinence. Following are the 6 points which every female should know: 1. Women sometimes pee in their pants too: A majority of the female population between 40 and 60 suffer from either stress incontinence (when you cough, sneeze or laugh) or urgency incontinence (leaking when you want to go badly). Urologists want you to know that there are less invasive options and medications available to treat this problem. 2. Recognize pelvic organ prolapse: This condition is defined by a bit of bladder, rectal, or uterine tissue bulging into your vagina. An urologist can provide non invasive options to deal with this. 3. Age related factors affect both men and women: Right around the time when menopause and andropause strike, changing hormone levels affect the pelvic floor, bladder, urethra and vagina in women causing problems like urinary tract infection and incontinence. These conditions are effectively treated by an urologist who can also probe for underlying conditions like kidney stone, polyp, or tumor in severe cases. 4. An overactive bladder is more common than you think: Around 40% women have to hit the bathroom every hour or so owing to this. Simple lifestyle changes like lowering the intake of caffeine and alcohol, in combination with pelvic floor exercises can solve the problem. 5. Pelvic pain: If it is not gynecology then it is urology. A general pain in the pelvic region triggers a visit to the gynecologist first for most women.From menstrual cramps to ovarian cysts, all of this may well be taken care of by your gynecologist too. But when the usual culprits are not the cause for your discomfort, it's time you get the urology aspect examined thoroughly too.

5 Most Common Urologic Diseases!

Dr. Shilpi Tiwari 86% (37 ratings)
MBBS, MS-General Surgery, DNB
Urologist, Delhi
5 Most Common Urologic Diseases!
The urologic system includes all problems related to the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra, and the prostate. These problems could range from trauma, injury, inflammation, infections, and muscular problems like overactive bladder, prostate hypertrophy, sexual disorders (candidiasis, erectile dysfunction, etc.), tumors or overgrowths, infections of any part along the entire tract, and even erectile dysfunction. Let us quickly look at the most common ones kidney stones, urinary tract infections, prostate enlargement, erectile dysfunction, and vaginal candidiasis. Kidney stones: These are calcium deposits, which can seat themselves in any part of the kidney and sometimes even in the ureter. These can cause significant sharp, shooting pain in the back of the abdomen. The pain is almost diagnostic, and while small stones may pass on their own, others may require shock wave lithotripsy to break the bigger ones into smaller ones, which can then pass on their own through urine. Dietary modifications may also be required to prevent the formation of stones, as most people tend to have recurrence of stones. Prostate hypertrophy: One of the most common problems faced by ageing men is benign prostatic enlargement (BPH). There would be a constant urge to urinate, simultaneous difficulty initiating a stream and a feeling of incomplete emptying. These happen more at night, and diagnosis is very easy, any elderly male who shows these symptoms is almost diagnostic of BPH. This requires a standard surgical procedure known as transurethral resection of the prostate, which is a same-day surgery and quite non-complicated. Urinary tract infections: This is one of the most common infections, which can be acquired from the use of public bathrooms and unhygienic bathroom practices. There is chance for infection of the entire tract starting from the urethra to the ureter, the bladder, and the kidney. These run the course of any infection. Treatment is usually with a course of oral antibiotics along with symptomatic treatment of the other symptoms like fever, muscle ache, etc. In very rare cases, systemic antibiotics may be required. Erectile dysfunction: One of the most common, but undisclosed male sexual problem is erectile dysfunction. There is inability of the male to achieve and/or sustain an erection, sufficient to have a satisfactory sexual intercourse. This has both physical and psychological reasons, and may also be due to hormonal imbalance. Very often, a discussion with a counselor would be required to treat the couple, as involving the partner is very important. Vaginal candidiasis: The normal vaginal flora is very rich with the fungi Candida, and when immunity is low, candidiasis develops. There could be symptoms like foul-smelling discharge, itching, and redness. A course of topical antifungal agents is usually effective in treating this condition.
1 person found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection: Try Homeopathy For Treating It!

Dr. Namrata Anand 88% (10 ratings)
BHMS, PG In Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, DNHE
Homeopath, Pune
Urinary Tract Infection: Try Homeopathy For Treating It!
Urinary tract infection is a type of infection that occurs in the urinary tract of the body. This disorder tends to occur more in women than men as the length of the urethra is shorter in women, thus increasing chances of this infection. The most common cause of urinary tract infections is the E. coli bacteria, especially in the lower part of the urinary tract consisting of the urethra and the bladder. Homeopathy adopts a holistic approach to urinary tract infections, the remedies aim to treat the underlying causes of the infection. The treatments are free from any side effect and have a beneficial impact on your overall wellbeing. Before prescribing a remedy, the practitioner diagnoses by asking about your medical history, work habits and your mental health. Based on a thorough diagnosis, remedies will be prescribed. Some of these homeopathic remedies to treat UTIs include: 1. Apis: Apis is recommended if you have symptoms such as experiencing a burning feeling after urination and less urine. You may have swelling around the eyes and also may not experience much thirst. The condition tends to worsen in hot weather conditions. 2. Cantharis: Cantharis is recommended if you experience constant urges to urinate; however, the amount of urine may be very low. Apart from this, you might also experience intense pain while urinating along with traces of blood in the urine. Back pain is another complication that occurs along with the above mentioned symptoms. 3. Sarsaparilla: This remedy is recommended when you experience pain in the lower abdomen and the back. Your urine may also contain blood and sediments. 4. Benzoic acid: In case your urine has a strong odor, benzoic acid may be the recommended remedy. It is also used to treat pain in the urethra which flares up when you are not urinating. 5. Staphysagria: This remedy is used when UTIs develop as a result of any sexual activity. You may experience a constant urge to urinate and feel pressure in the bladder. Prostatic enlargements which cause infections in the urinary tract can also be treated using this remedy.
3267 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Obstruction And Its 7 Main Causes

Dr. Piyush Singhania 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Navi Mumbai
Urinary Tract Obstruction And Its 7 Main Causes
Lower Urinary tract obstruction refers to a condition of hindrance to urinary flow from bladder outwards. This can occur in all the age groups and affect either sex. The symptoms can be poor urine flow, intermittent flow, straining to pass urine or empty bladder, sense of incomplete emptying of bladder, difficulty in starting urination. Other problems can be increased urine frequency and difficulty to hold on with or without occasional urine leak in clothes. The cause and treatment vary in different age groups. Few common reasons behind Lower urinary Tract Obstruction: Congenital Urethral Stricture and PUV: These defects can be detected either before or after birth and need correction at earliest to avoid long-term complications. It is usually brought to attention by parents who observe abnormal urine flow pattern of their child OR found out during evaluation for repeated urinary tract infections. Neurogenic Bladder: This is caused due to defects of nerves that are responsible for controlling bladder function. This can be due to diseases of brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves. These defects can occur by birth or later in life. It is very important to take early consult to avoid long-term complications and progression to renal failure. Urethral Stricture: This is narrowing in a long tube that starts from bladder to the external urinary opening. It can be idiopathic, post-traumatic, or due to urethral infections. Usually, a person is able to recognise poor urine flow and bring it to the attention of urologist. Treatment for stricture depends on various factors and range from simple endoscopic surgery to open surgeries. Bladder Neck Obstruction: Bladder neck is a network or a group of muscles that connect the bladder to the urethra. The muscles tighten to hold urine in the bladder, and relax as they release it through the urethra. Urinary tract obstruction occurs when there are abnormalities blocking the bladder neck that restricts its opening during urination. BPH: This occurs due to enlarged prostate obstruction urine flow out of bladder. Prostate enlargement is mostly age-related and rarely due to prostatic tumors. Urinary stones. This can be usually recognized by sudden obstruction to urine flow in person who was voiding normally. These episodes might be recurrent due to movement of stone in between bladder and urethra. Bladder Tumors: The are mostly characterized by blood in urine. Sometimes there might be blood clots that obstruct the urine flow. Phimosis: Usually occurring post-puberty, it is referred to as the inability to retract the glans (the sensitive structure at the end of the penis). It is a condition in which the distal foreskin, which was previously retractable, is unable to retract anymore. Phimosis: Phimosis is another major reason behind urinary tract obstructions.
2 people found this helpful

Tips To Improve Your Urological Health!

Dr. Nitesh Jain 88% (49 ratings)
MCh - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Chennai
Tips To Improve Your Urological Health!
Urological problems occur irrespective of gender and age. So, if you don t want to fall victim to the problems of urinary tract infection, urinary incontinence, kidneys tones or any other urological disorder, here are a few tips that can help you improve your overall urological health. Water is your best friend: Water and other fluids are your best friend if you want to maintain your urological health. As you already know the main purpose of the urinary system is to cleanse your body and excrete all the waste and toxic products from your body. These toxins and waste are excreted from the body with the help of urine. So, when you increase your water intake, more and more toxins will be thrown out of your body. Doctors usually recommend having at least 8 glasses of water per day. But apart from water certain fruit juices like cranberry juice, which is excellent for urological health. Don t hold your urine: There are many people who have a habit of holding back their urine. Therefore, it is important for you to know that it can do your body a lot of harm. So, when you feel the urge to go to the toilet, it is essential that empty your bladder. Stop having alcohol and coffee: Coffee and alcohol, both have several bad effects on your body. They act as a diuretic. These two products tend to irritate the lining of your bladder. This causes urinary incontinence and you will feel the urge to urinate more frequently. Reduce your intake of salt: Salt is an important seasoning and is required in every dish. Consuming it is okay but some people tend to take salt in quite higher amounts. You should never do that. This leads to retention of water in your body. They often lead to an increase in your blood pressure and also leads to kidney damage. The occurrence of kidney stones also occurs on an increased salt intake. Thus, fried and canned foods should be avoided as much as possible if you want to keep the urinary tract problems at bay. Hygiene is very important: During intercourse, many microorganisms enter your urinary tract and they even have the potential to cause several infections. Urinary tract infections are more common in women due to the shorter length of the urethra in them. The female vagina and male groin become the hub for microorganisms. And they get transferred during sex. So, you must maintain hygiene by cleaning your private parts regularly and changing your underwear daily. Keep your genitalia clean. Wash it with a mild cleanser or even plain water would do. These tips are very crucial and following them thoroughly will help you to maintain a proper urological health. The responsibility of maintaining a good health always lies in your own hands.
2224 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Mera bf ka age 28 hai. Uske kamar se leke thigh par dard ho raha hai. Usne urine test karwaya to urine infaction huya hai. Kya use kidney ka koi problem hai?

Dr. Venkatesh Mishra 92% (89 ratings)
Doctor of Osteopath, MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy), BPTh/BPT, MSc Osteopathy, Certification In Applied Manual Therapy, Certification From Bell Rogerouth & Harris / Upper and Lower Quadrant Dysfunction, Certified Dry Needling Practitioner, Certified Wheel Chair Trainer
Physiotherapist, Lucknow
May be both things have different reasons For urine infection he have to take some medicine Take plenty of water Medicine as prescribe It not seems any kidney issue.

I take Amoxilin and tocin for urine infection but tab mujhe conceiving ka pata nahi tha. To ab issse bacche par to asar nahi hoga.

Dr. G.R. Agrawal 97% (19823 ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hello, It shouldn't be as such, though it requires thorough interrogation by an expert to assess the ill effect of medication. Tk, care.

I have urine infection repeat I take several antibiotic my urine is burn when come from urethra can I do circumcised.

Dr. Nitesh Jain 88% (49 ratings)
MCh - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Chennai
Circumcision is not the treatment for urinary infection unless you have phimosis. Need further evaluation for UTI.

I am 42 years old male In urine test report Urine for protein. #24 H Urine creatinine $16 L Protein / creatinine ratio #1.47 What is report mean Please let me know.

Dr. Shriganesh Diliprao Deshmukh 93% (1897 ratings)
International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
As I think u need treatment So plz follow below guidelines Ber vul 3c 4tims day for 10days Cantharis 6c 3tims day for 10days Lyco 30 3times days for 4days

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UTI can lead to bladder cancer. True or false? Take this quiz now to find out.
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Typically, prescribed antibiotics are the treatment for UTI. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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Sex could actually be the cause for urinary tract information. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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