Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Urinary Tract Infection Tips

Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Dr. Praveen Pushkar 89% (112 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB Urology, MCh [Urology & Kidney Transplant]
Urologist, Faridabad
Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Infection caused in the kidneys, bladder, urethra or the ureters is known as urinary tract infection. According to doctors, women are generally more at risk of suffering from this condition than men.  

Some of the causes which contribute to the development of this infection are:

  1. Invasion of bacteria: Like any other infection, one of the causes of urinary tract infection is the invasion of the bacteria Escherichia coli in the bladder. This type of bacteria is most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and is most often held responsible for urinary tract infection.
  2. Spreading of the bacteria from anus to urethra: The spread of the gastrointestinal bacteria from the anus to the urethra leads to the infection of the urethra thereby causing urinary tract infection. 

Some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection are:

  1. A nagging urge to urinate: One of the most predominant symptoms of urinary tract infection is a persistent, nagging urge to urinate. You would know your urinary tract is infected when you feel the urgency to urinate extremely frequently.
  2. There is a burning sensation when you urinate: The symptoms of urinary infection are extremely visible and are felt intensely by the one suffering from it. If you feel a burning sensation while urinating, chances are extremely high that you are suffering from urinary tract infection.
  3. Red colored urine: Sometimes your urine may contain perceptible amount of blood in them. In most cases, presence of blood in urine is a definite sign of urinary tract infection.
  4. Foul smelled urine: An internal infection in the urinary tract manifests itself in different ways. One of the chief symptoms of this infection is discharging foul smelling urine.
  5. Pain in the pelvic area: Women who suffer from urinary tract infection experience excruciating pain near the pelvic area, sometimes extending to the pubic bone.
1 person found this helpful

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - How To Stop It?

Dr. Abhishek Bose 89% (13 ratings)
M Ch urology, MS - General Surgery
Urologist, Darbhanga
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - How To Stop It?

Are you suffering from a urinary tract infection and are looking for effective ways to deal with the condition?

Urinary tract infection implies infection either in the urinary bladder or kidneys - While bladder infections are common in women, kidney infections are uncommon. Men by and large don't suffer UTI. So if a male has UTI, evaluation of an underlying cause like stone, benign prostatic hypertrophy etc. should be done.

Most urinary tract infections are simple to treat, with some antibiotics for 3 days. In cases of Diabetes, Renal failure, patients with prior surgery, further evaluation and longer therapy are needed.

In most cases of recurring UTI, there is an underlying cause. Hence a urological evaluation should be done for recurring UTI. 

2631 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Ways To Prevent It!

Dr. Aarti Kulkarni 87% (110 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Thane
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Ways To Prevent It!

UTI is a bacterial infection of the urinary tract. Recurrent UTI or chronic UTI if remain untreated can even lead to an organ failure. UTI is the second most common infection in the body. In reproductive age, there is a 10 fold increase in incidence in women than in men.


  • Short urethra 
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Close proximity of urethral opening to the areas like vagina and vulva which are contaminated heavily with bacteria
  • Recurrent vaginal infection

You may be suffering from UTI if:

  1. You feel a pain in pelvis while urinating
  2. You feel the need to urinate again and again and despite urgency you manage to pee only little
  3. You feel burning while urinating or you have to stop urination in between because of excessive burning
  4. Urine appears red or cloudy or bright pink with strong smell.

In severe infection, you may suffer from fever with chills, nausea and vomiting. Bad hygiene, sexual intercourse, recurrent vaginal infections, dehydration, holding urine for too long, pregnancy, catheterization while surgery, hypo-estrogenic state like menopause, having diabetes mellitus are some reasons and predisposing factors behind UTI.

If you feel any of the symptoms of UTI you must visit doctor and get urine microscopic examination done. To get proper result patient should collect midstream urine sample in sterile container after washing the private parts.

In chronic or recurring UTI, more extended investigation protocols like intravenous pyelography, cystoscopy (endoscopy of urinary bladder via urethra) are indicated.


  • The urge for urination should not be suppressed.
  • Drinking water helps dilute your urine and ensures that you'll urinate more frequently — allowing bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.
  • Wipe from front to back. Doing so after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
  • Empty your bladder soon after intercourse. 
  • Change your birth control method. Diaphragms or unlubricated or spermicide-treated condoms can contribute to bacterial growth.
  • Don't use feminine deodorants. These sprays can irritate your genital area and increase your risk of UTI.
  • Wear cotton underwear. Cotton fabric allows moisture escape while other fabrics can trap moisture, which creates a potential breeding ground for bacteria. Also, avoid tight-fitting clothing.
  • Avoid vaginal dryness
  • Get help for recurrent UTI. 
  • Avoid intake of hot, oily, spicy, sour, salty, and bitter foods.
  • Increase intake of liquids in the form of water, juices, coconut water, and other cooling drinks.
  • Increase intake of pitta-pacifying herbs like green cardamom, coriander, licorice root, black resins, gulkand and kokam syrup etc.
  • Alcohol and coffee should be forbidden.
  • Coriander and cumin seed water: Soak coriander and cumin seeds overnight in 6 times water. Drink 30 to 50 ml water next morning after sieving or filtering. Prepare fresh every day.
  • Punarnavashtak kwath, Varunadi kwath, Chandrakala rasa, Chandraprabha vati etc are some of the ayurvedic medicines which are used treat UTI, those should be taken under proper guidance, if you suffer from UTI.
4501 people found this helpful

8 Effective & Healthy Healing Food!

Dt. Surabhi Jain 91% (1769 ratings)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Lucknow
8 Effective & Healthy Healing Food!

1. FIGS – A rare fruit of source of calcium, figs may help prevent the bone loss. They are very high in fiber, so that which is reduce the risk of cancers. Eat them like this: Slice fresh, unpeeled figs, and serve it with cheese or on a salad; toss dried figs into a mix of dried fruits, grains, and nuts, even chocolate. Fig’s that aren’t completely ripe can irritate the mouth, so look for soft, aromatic ones.

2. BEETS – Nutrient-packed beets may sharpen your mind. They produce nitric acid, which helps increase blood flow throughout your body – including the areas of the brain that are associated with degeneration and dementia. Eat them like this: Roast, then puree beets into a dip with curd that has been drained in a cloth or filter to remove the whey, and horseradish, or grate raw beets into a salad.

3. FRESH CRANBERRIES: Sure, cranberries are the superstar at treating urinary tract infection, but these tart little fruits may also help prevent heart disease. They are rich in anthocyanin, flavones, and proanthocyanidins, plant chemicals that keep LDL cholesterol from oxidizing and sticking to artery walls. Eat them like this: Sauté cranberries and serve with meat, or combine with banana, pineapple, and orange for a fruit salad – the sweeter fruits naturally balance out the tartness.

4. ORANGEPITH: You already know that orange is a great source of vitamin C, but eat as much as you can of the pith –the spongy white layer between the zest and the pulp that clings to a peeled orange –too. Although bitter, the pith stores a good amount of the fiber and antioxidants, (Try to choose organic oranges if you eat the pith). Eat like it this: Put whole orange slices in a smoothie; roast thin slices and serve with the whole wheat pancakes.

5. EGGS: These inexpensive protein sources crackle with health benefits: Zinc and Iron support healthy hair and strong nails, and lecithin yolks are rich in chorine, who helps repair neurological damage and move cholesterol through the bloodstream. Eat them like this: Scramble eggs with a handful of spinach, or top a bowl of vegetables and brown rice with a (lightly) fried egg, sesame seeds, and soya sauce for a Korean-inspired meal.

6. SESAME SEEDS: The seeds are also one of the richest sources of iron, and when people with high level of LDL cholesterol ate a few spoonfuls of sesame seeds a day, their LDL level dropped by almost 10 percent more than when they followed a healthy diet sans sesame seed. Eat them like this: Sprinkle toasted sesame seeds on oatmeal; top steamed vegetables with sesame seeds and sesame or olive oil; make hummus with tahini, a sesame seed butter.

7. BROCCOLI: The sulforaphane in broccoli may help your body fight off infections that inflame the lungs and arteries. Surprisingly, frozen verities may contain 35% more beta-carotene by weight than fresh broccoli. Finally, broccoli’s high level of vitamin C helps create collagen, which keeps the firm, glowing and healthy skin. Eat it like this: Toss steamed florets with tomato sauce and toasted walnuts for a side fish, or scatter atop a pizza before baking.

8. CELERY LEAVES: Celery leaves are the most nutritious part of the plant and that is containing high iron, calcium, potassium, beta-carotene, and vitamin C and also vitamin D than the stalks. Eat them like this: Use like parsley, or mix into salad.

7 people found this helpful

Top Urologists in Gurgaon

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 87% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Top Urologists in Gurgaon

Urologists are skilled to diagnose or treat any problem related to urinary tract or kidney infections. Top urologist in Gurgaon can help in detecting any kind of disorders like kidney stones, interstitial cystitis, enlarged prostate and sexual dysfunction in males and females.  Below is the list of top 10 urologist in Gurgaon are:

1. Dr. Anirudh Kaushik

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology

Consultation fees: ₹1000 - 1200

Dr. Anirudh is amongst the top urologist & uro oncologist in Gurgaon, with 27 years of experience. He is currently associated with Dr. Deepika's Complete Family Clinic and
Holy Family Hospital. He is not only an expert in urology but also an expert Laparoscopic Surgeries. He specialises in wide range of disorders and surgeries such as treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI), pediatric urology, andrology, laparoscopy, neurourology, Uro-oncology & radiology, laser & robotic urology, and infertility

2. Dr. Nandakishore S K

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery

Consultation fees: ₹750 

Dr. Nandakishore S K is a renowned urologist in Gurgaon with 21 years of experience and currently practices at Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon. He specializes in treatment of urinary conditions like hematuria, hydrocele, and problems related to reproductive organs like H.I.V and Erectile Dysfunction. He has also conducted many surgeries, using different procedures like vasectomy, reconstructive urology and minimally invasive urology surgery etc. 

3. Dr. Shalabh Agrawal

DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹600 

Dr. Shalabh Agrawal is a respected urologist, urological surgeon and andrologist in Delhi, NCR.  He has over 15 years of experience and has treated many cases and complications related to UTI and other kidney disorders. He currently practices at Arcus Superspeciality Center in Dwarka, New Delhi and One Health Urology Clinic. He is a respected member of the Urological Society of India, and is particularly interested in endo-urology and laparoscopy. His areas of expertise are cystoscopy, hematuria, erectile dysfunction, HIV, hydrocele treatment, incontinence, kidney transplant, lithotripsy, and male sexual problems.

4. Dr. Mrinal Pahwa

DNB (Urology), MS - General Surgery, MBBS

Consultation fees: ₹700-1000 

Dr. Mrinal Pahwa is a well known Urologist based in Delhi/ Gurgaon. He has 15 years of experience as Urologist and Andrologist. He is currently practicing at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital and Pahwa Medical Centre and is member of USI and ASI. He specializes in treatments for Cystoscopy, Hematuria (Blood in Urine),treatment of Erectile Dysfunction. HIV treatment, Hydrocele surgical treatment, Incontinence treatment, kidney transplant treatment, lithotripsy procedure, treatment of Male sexual problems, minimally invasive urology, open prostatectomy, reconstructive surgery and subincision.

5. Dr. Vikas Agarwal

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MRCS (UK), DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery

Consultation fees: ₹600-700

Dr. Vikas Agarwal currently practices as a Sr. Consultant Urology & HOD Kidney Transplant at Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad. He has 16 years of experience and is a reputed member of many state and national associations. In his vast career he has done more than 10,000 endourological Laser procedure, cadaveric organ transplant & retrieval. He also specialises in Laparoscopic donor Nephrectomy, laparoscopic kidney, prostate and bladder cancer surgeries. 

6. Dr. Ajay Sharma

M. Ch. (Urology), MS, MBBS

Consultation fees:  ₹1000 - 1500

Dr. Ajay has 33 years of experience as a Urologist, Andrologist and Urological Surgeon. He is a member of many eminent associations like Indian Medical Association (IMA), Medical Council of India (MCI), Urological Society of India (USI), American Urological Association (AUA) and Bangalore Urological Society. He is known for his treatments and procedures like frenuloplasty, circumcision, vasovasostomy and TESA. Dr. Ajay currently practices at Sir Ganga ram Hospital and Umkal Hospital.

7. Dr. Sumit Sharma

MCH-Urology, M.S. (General Surgery) , MBBS

Consultation fees:  ₹800

Dr. Sumit Sharma is practicing as a urologist and renal transplantation specialist from last 8 years. He currently Heads the department of Urology at Rocklnd Hospital Manesar and also practices at Deetya Multispeciality Clinic. He has been part of more than 300 renal transplants and has performed over 50-60 Laparoscopic Donor nephrectomy in his career till now. He specialises in all kind of endourological procedure like PCNL, URS, TURP, HOLEP, TURBT etc. 

8. Dr. Abhinav Agarwal

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MBA - Hospital Administration, MCh - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery

Consultation fees:  ₹700-1000

Dr. Abhinav Agarwal is a reputed and experienced urologist and general surgeon who currently practices at Uma Sanjeevani Hospital, Columbia Asia Hospital and Suryadeep Hospital, Gurgaon. In 14 years of experience he has gained a lot of experience in treatments and procedures related to Endourology, Laparoscopic Surgery, General Surgery and Renal Transplantation. He has by far performed more than 10000 major urological procedures like Kidney Stones, Prostate, Bladder Cancer, Stricture Urethra and other Urological Illness.

9. Dr. Raman Tanwar

MBBS, MCh - Urology, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - General Surgery

Consultation fees: ₹1000

Dr. Raman Tanwar is a renowned urological surgeon, andrologist and men's health specialist in Gurgaon.  He has 14 years of national and international experience. In his career span he has been a co-author of 4 books in surgery and has won several fellowships and awards. He was even awarded with the British Medical Association award. His areas of specialization are urology and andrology problems like enlarged prostate, kidney stones, sexual problems, erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, uti etc. He currently practices at W Hospital, Ggn.

10. Dr. Narmada Prasad Gupta

Doctor of Science(D.Sc), Fellow Academy of Medical Sciences(FAMS), M.Ch.(Urology), M.S.(Surgery),M.B.B.S.

Consultation fees: ₹1200

Dr. N.P. Gupta is a highly reputed name with 40 years of experience as urologist. He is currently chairman, academics and research division urology at Medenta. Dr Gupta is a Padamshree recipient for his exceptional contribution in the field of urology at both National and International Level. He is a pioneer and renowned surgeon who started robotic surgery in India. In his career he has performed more than 20,000 operations for various urological diseases.

3 people found this helpful

Proteinuria- The Most Common Causes!

Dr. Ashok Sarin 92% (42 ratings)
MD, MBBS, FRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Delhi
Proteinuria- The Most Common Causes!

Proteinuria is a condition that presents itself as an abnormal amount of protein in the urine. It is very often symptomatic of a kidney disease. When the kidneys are functional and healthy, they do not allow proteins to filter through them into the bladder. But if the kidneys are damaged then they might be unable to filter proteins like albumin from the blood stream. It could also be a result of an over synthesis of proteins in the body.
Since kidney diseases are usually asymptomatic, proteinuria may be one of the first sign of an underlying disease affecting your kidneys. This can be easily diagnosed by a simple urine test to determine whether the kidneys are functioning properly.


  1. Frothy urine means that there is a heavy loss of protein.
  2. Bloating due to an excess of water in the body tissues.

Risk Factors-
Diabetes with its irregularities in insulin secretion can cause an imbalance of protein filtration by the kidneys.

2.High Blood Pressure or Hypertension, as it is more commonly known, can affect the hormonal balance causing damage to the kidneys.
Other risk factors include obesity, a genetic history of kidney diseases. Race and ethnicity also tend to play a role when it comes to developing kidney diseases.

If none of these warning signals present themselves, then it is best to keep a cautious eye on the urine and kidney tests along with the blood pressure to make sure that nothing develops.

The major and most probable causes of proteinuria are-

  1. Diseases that affect the kidney’s filtering units such as glomerulonephritis. An acute inflammation caused by an immune response can damage the kidney’s function in eliminating excess fluids and waste from the bloodstream before it passes into urine.
  2. Urinary tract infections can cause proteinuria. But they usually occur in conjunction with other signs.
  3. Proteinuria can also be caused by an underlying congestive heart condition. It could be one of the earliest warning signs of eclampsia during pregnancy.
  4. Temporary proteinuria can occur after a bout of vigorous exercise or if you have a high fever.

Though not specifically a disease, it is symptomatic of other serious diseases. Its treatment is dependent on identifying and managing the underlying cause. If left untreated it could lead to kidney failure. For mild and temporary cases, treatment might not even be necessary. But for those with chronic diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes, it is essential to prevent the progression of the kidney damage that causes proteinuria.

3 people found this helpful

Urinary Tract Infection - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Dr. Ananda Kumar Pingali 88% (135 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Urinary Tract Infection - Homeopathic Remedies For It!

Urinary tract infection is a type of infection that occurs in the urinary tract of the body. This disorder tends to occur more in women than men as the length of the urethra is shorter in women, thus increasing chances of this infection. The most common cause of urinary tract infections is the E. coli bacteria, especially in the lower part of the urinary tract consisting of the urethra and the bladder.

Homeopathy adopts a holistic approach to urinary tract infections, the remedies aim to treat the underlying causes of the infection. The treatments are free from any side effect and have a beneficial impact on your overall wellbeing. Before prescribing a remedy, the practitioner diagnoses by asking about your medical history, work habits and your mental health. Based on a thorough diagnosis, remedies will be prescribed.

Some of these homeopathic remedies to treat UTIs include: 

  1. Apis: Apis is recommended if you have symptoms such as experiencing a burning feeling after urination and less urine. You may have swelling around the eyes and also may not experience much thirst. The condition tends to worsen in hot weather conditions.
  2. Cantharis: Cantharis is recommended if you experience constant urges to urinate; however, the amount of urine may be very low. Apart from this, you might also experience intense pain while urinating along with traces of blood in the urine. Back pain is another complication that occurs along with the above mentioned symptoms.
  3. Sarsaparilla: This remedy is recommended when you experience pain in the lower abdomen and the back. Your urine may also contain blood and sediments.
  4. Benzoic acid: In case your urine has a strong odor, benzoic acid may be the recommended remedy. It is also used to treat pain in the urethra which flares up when you are not urinating.
  5. Staphysagria: This remedy is used when UTIs develop as a result of any sexual activity. You may experience a constant urge to urinate and feel pressure in the bladder. Prostatic enlargements which cause infections in the urinary tract can also be treated using this remedy.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - Ways To Prevent Them!

Dr. Rekha Anand 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections - Ways To Prevent Them!

A urinary tract infection or UTI can be quite painful and uncomfortable. This infection can be described as an infection that affects the ureter, urethra, bladder or kidneys. Women have a shorter urethra than men which makes this more vulnerable to this kind of infection.

It is said that most women suffer from at least one bout of this infection in a lifetime. Urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria and may often recur after treatment. However, in most cases, this can easily be prevented. Here are a few tips to help prevent recurrent urinary tract infections.

  1. Drink plenty of fluids: Ideally, we should drink 8-10 glasses of water a day at regular intervals. This keeps the body hydrated and flushes toxins and bacteria from the body. Water also prevents the formation of kidney stones that could increase your risk of suffering from a urinary tract infection.
  2. Urinate frequently: If you drink the required amount of water, you will typically need to urinate frequently. Do not try to control your bladder. Holding your urine in your bladder allows bacteria to multiply inside the bladder. This is an easy way for a UTI to begin.
  3. Follow healthy bathroom habits: Cleanliness is the first step to preventing any infection. When using public restrooms, flush the toilet before and after urinating. In the case of women, it becomes important to ensure that the seat of the toilet is clean as well. After urinating wipe the residual urine with toilet paper in a motion that goes from front to back. Since the urethra is situated very close to the rectum, this step is very important. For uncircumcised men, it is important to wash the foreskin after urination.
  4. Wear loose clothes: Tight fitting clothes trap moisture and aid in the multiplication of bacteria. Hence, always wear loose fitting clothes that keep the area around the urethra dry. Also, avoid synthetic underwear and only wear cotton underwear.
  5. Urinate after intercourse: The relative closeness of the vagina to the urethra makes it easy for bacteria to enter the urethra during intercourse. Hence, make it a habit of washing your pubic region after intercourse and urinating. This helps flush out any possible bacteria that may have entered your body.
  6. Choose the correct method of birth control: Certain types of birth control such as diaphragms and spermicidal agents can promote a urinary tract infection. Hence, it is best to avoid these types of birth control and pick alternatives.

Top Reasons To See A Urologist!

Dr. Rajesh Kumar Agrawal 89% (11 ratings)
M.Ch - Urology, DNB (General Surgery), MS - Urology, MBBS, DNB - Urology
Urologist, Jalandhar
Top Reasons To See A Urologist!

Be it frequent urination, painful urination, or change in color of urine, you must not hesitate to visit a urologist, especially when the symptoms persist for more than two days. Typically, an abnormal urge to urinate is directly affected by any infection in the bladder or due to any underlying medical condition. A urologist who is specialized in the study and treatment of disorders related to the urinary system is the right person to diagnose the problem and put you on the right treatment. Read on to have an insight into symptoms that would necessitate a urologist visit.

Inability to urinate: Many people tend to have calcium depositions in their urinary tract. This is what is known as a stone. When this stone grows big in dimension, it can block the ureters or the urethra. In both these situations, the total urine output reduces to a great extent or can stop completely. The first symptom, in this case, will be an intolerable pain in the back or lower abdomen. This is also a common sign in males with an enlarged prostate.

As the prostate grows in size, it pushes onto the bladder, thus again making it difficult to release urine.

  1. Pain in the lower abdomen: Pain in the lower abdomen is also a symptom of various kinds of urinary problems. If the pain is accompanied by urinary frequency or a burning sensation during urination, it inevitably prompts a visit to the urologist to check for bladder cancer or prostate.
  2. Blood in urine: Irrespective of the gender of the sufferer, blood in the urine is never a good sign. An immediate visit to the urologist is suggested as he can order tests which can highlight an infection or a disease or in extreme cases, even the early signs of cancer in kidney or bladder.
  3. Repeated urinary tract infections: Cases might arise, when a particular person is suffering from two or more infections in a span of 6 months. This situation should never be ignored, and immediately a doctor should be visited as this can be a serious health problem in both men and women. Prophylactic or some antibiotic treatments will be prescribed in this case.
  4. Chronic pain in the pelvic region: This is again another urinary condition which can affect both sexes. This condition is characterized by increased frequency of urination and nocturia and pain in the lower abdomen are also reported. Nocturia is severe nighttime urination. The treatment for this condition depends on the reason. A series of tests and examinations have to be carried out to find out the reason, and accordingly, a treatment plan has to be charted out.

Apart from the symptoms mentioned above, if you experience uncontrolled urine leakage or any sediments in urine or if you sense any abnormality concerning the lower abdominal area a urologist visit is warranted. No need to shy away from reporting even such minor discomfort as it could help avoid dire consequences.

2995 people found this helpful

How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Dr. Kuldip Singh 89% (199 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
How Beneficial Is Use Of Laser In Urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and disorders of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive organs. It is a specialized branch of medicine that has been in existence for a long time and has advanced in many ways over the past two decades, courtesy the introduction of the laser technology. Laser technology has helped urologists tremendously and they have been able to treat a number of patients through laser-assisted surgery. The use of lasers has made it possible for the urologists to utilize endoscopic instruments with small-diameter that allow them to see the minutest details of the urinary tract and treat the complex cases with ease.

  1. Laser in bladder outlet obstruction: Bladder outlet obstruction is a blockage at the base of the bladder, which slows down or stops the flow of urine to the urethra, causing discomfort to the patient. Bladder outlet obstruction occurs usually in younger males due to bladder neck narrowing. Blood tranfusion is usually not required in prostrate surgery especially if lasers are used. Most men in their old age suffer from this problem and laser technology helps in conducting the surgical procedure to remove this blockage. It has been found that laser-assisted surgery results in lesser loss of blood as compared to open surgery. In some cases, blood transfusion after surgery is not required at all. Also, the hospital stay post operation is shorter, which ensures more comfort to the patient.
  2. Laser in urolithiasis: The formation of kidney stones in the urinary tract is known as urolithiasis. Treatment of this conditions requires surgical intervention and it is nowadays done with the help of endoscopic intracorporeal laser lithotripsy. This technique uses strong beams of laser light to fragment them, and remove them from the urinary tract. The laser technology is safe and can be used in the case of pregnant women too. It can easily access the hard stones present in difficult locations.
  3. Laser in benign prostatic hyperplasia: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) refers to the enlargement of the prostate. Some of the symptoms of this condition include a frequent urge to urinate, problems in urination, inability to urinate, and loss of bladder control. It can also lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) and stones. It can be treated with photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in which the excess prostate tissues are melted away and the prostate shrinks back to its original state. Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) also does the same but holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) cuts the excess tissue blocking the urethra.
  4. Laser in bladder cancer and urinary tract strictures: Bladder cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the urinary tract and this is mostly found in the form of tumors. The tumors can be cancerous and transurethral bladder tumor resection (TURBT) laser technology can help in diagnosis, staging, as well as the treatment of malignant tumors. It makes use of cystoscope to remove the tumor. In case of urinary tract strictures, the urethra becomes narrow, hindering the passage of urine. It can be caused due to an infection or injury. With endoscopic urethrotomy and usage of the cystoscope, the urologist removes the stricture or makes it evaporate with the help of a laser.

Laser technology is of immense value to urologists and offers many advantages to the patients as well. It is more comfortable and with more advances being made in this field, the future looks even brighter for the doctors as well as patients.

2072 people found this helpful

Book appointment with top doctors for Urinary Tract Infection treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews