Oophorectomy is a procedure by which the fallopian tube is removed from your body. This procedure is used when your ovary is unstable and cannot be preserved in your body. This usually happens after any serious injury or when the ovary cannot obtain homeostasis. Oophorectomy is also a part of hysterectomy where the uterus of an individual is removed due to many hormonal complications. This procedure is also needed when you have certain pelvic disorders and even during ovarian cancer. Oophorectomy is applied when the ovaries are secreting hormones that lead to diseases such as breast cancer and severe endometriosis. Sometimes women have a risk to develop ovarian cancer due to many heredity factors. To prevent this cancer the fallopian tube needs to be removed so that it can not secrete the harmful hormones that will lead to cancer. However there are some side effects. If both of your ovaries are removed then you may lose the ability to become pregnant again thus there will also be a chance of premature menopause. If you have problems and still want to have children then talk to your medical expert for alternative measures. Sometimes only one ovary is removed from the fallopian tube which allows you to have a menstrual cycle and conceive naturally.
The procedure of oophorectomy involves two ways. Laparotomy and Laparoscopic surgeries. In laparotomy, the surgeon has to make an incision in the lower abdomen where the ovaries are located and they separate each ovary from the blood supply and the tissues that are connecting around it. The laparoscopic surgery involves inserting a small camera through an incision in the abdomen and the camera guides the doctors to operate the area with necessary surgery tools. Similarly in this case, each of the ovaries are removed from the blood supply and the adjoining tissues and then they are placed on a pouch. The pouch is then removed by pulling it out of your abdomen through the incisions that exist. Laparoscopic surgery is a quicker mode of surgery and has a quick recovery process as well. Sometimes there are cases where the cancer might spread after the surgery. In that case, your medical expert might advise you to have an ablation procedure. Ablation is a procedure where the tumors are removed without surgery. The oophorectomy are unilateral or bilateral in state where one and both of the ovaries are removed depending on the condition respectfully.
Those who have a risk to develop breast cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis or ovarian cysts are eligible to have this procedure. However, you must consult your medical expert as they might suggest some alternative forms of treatment depending on your condition.
If you have breast or ovarian cancer then there is a chance that you might lead the cancer to spread over your body after surgery. Those who have a possible risk for the same are not eligible for this procedure.
This procedure comes with certain side effects. The biggest side effect is that you might not be able to get pregnant ever again as both of your ovaries are removed. The other side effects are premature menopause, certain infections, rupture of the tumor by surgery which might lead the cancer to spread all over the body. Sometimes this procedure may cause you to develop pelvic pain as well.
As the procedure involves certain side effects and therefore you should take your hormonal pills which are prescribed by your medical expert. You should also consult your doctor regarding exercises, sexual restrictions and other activities as well. After the course of treatment if you still continue to face problems then you should seek help of your medical expert as soon as possible.
You should resume all your day to day activities within six weeks after your surgery.
The price of the surgery ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 65,000 and the medications along with it ranges from Rs.800 to Rs. 2,500.
The results of the treatment are permanent and you will not face the problems that you used to. However in order to edge out the cancer tumors, sometimes you might develop a risk that the cancer might spread after your surgery.
Rs. 800 to Rs. 65,000
The part of the woman’s reproductive system where the eggs are stored and released for fertilisation, are known as the ovaries. The ovaries also produce various hormones. When a female patient has to go through a procedure to remove the ovaries, this surgical procedure is known as an oophorectomy. The patient may have to go through this procedure for a number of reasons. Let us find out more about the procedure and the recovery of the patient thereafter.
Causes: There are a number of reasons as to why a patient may have to go through this procedure. One of the most common reasons include pelvic diseases like ovarian cancer which makes it imperative to remove the ovaries so that the cancer does not spread to any other part of the uterus or the rest of the body. Also, when the endometriosis becomes particularly painful and severe, the patient may have to go through a hysterectomy to remove the uterus and an oophorectomy to remove the ovaries. Most of the times, these two procedures go hand in hand. Also, when the patient is suffering from breast cancer, the doctor may deem it fit to remove the ovaries to stop the spread and growth of the cancer. Other hereditary diseases may also be treated with this procedure.
Preparation: In order to prepare for the surgery, one will need to go through a series of imaging tests like an ultrasound as well as an MRI scan which will help the doctor decide on the kind of procedure that needs to be carried out. Most doctors will ask you to stop eating at least a day before the surgery and to ingest a solution so that the intestines are properly cleaned out. Also, if you are taking any kind of medication, you will need to stop taking the same before the surgery.
Procedure: The procedure can be done either with one large incision or with multiple small incisions, depending on the area and the severity of the problem that is being treated. The surgeon will insert a small tube bearing a camera into this incision, which in turn will beam the images on to a screen in the operating theatre. The ovaries will be separated from the blood supply before the tissue surrounding them will be placed in a pouch. This pouch will be pulled out through the smaller incisions.
Recovery: How soon you recover depends on how soon you choose to sit up and start walking after the surgery. One can get back to normal life within a few weeks or a month after the surgery by taking small steps every day. Complete recovery takes about six weeks. f you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist and ask a free question.