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Overview

Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi) And Its Side Effects

Fenugreek is also known as ‘Kasuri Methi’. It is a very ancient spice which is used for flavouring various dishes. These leaves are bitter in taste, when added to any recipe it will surely titillate your taste bud. In addition to taste, it has numerous nutritional values as well. Fenugreek leaves is a natural herb which works as a nutritional supplement. The reason why this herb is used by various herb lovers since ages is because it is very effective in battling diseases and also has numerous health benefits.

Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi) And Its Side Effects

Table of Content

Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Nutritional Value of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Health Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Reduces cholesterol
Prevents bowel Problems
Balances blood lipids levels
Curbs diabetes
Reduces heart problems
Helps reduce blemishes
Gives lustrous and long hair
Protects from kidney problems
Helpful to Breast feeding mothers
Helps curb fever
Benefits hair
Beauty benefits
Uses of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Side-Effects & Allergies of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Origin And Cultivation of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

This herb’s name “Fenugreek” is derived from the Latin language, which means ‘Greek hay’. Besides dried leaves, fenugreek seeds and green leaves are also for cooking various dishes. The seeds are mostly added in preparation of vegetables and pickles. The dried leaves are also commonly used as animal’s food. It has various other names like Fenugreek, Bird’s Foot and Goat’s Horn. In Hindi, it is called ‘Kasoori Methi’ or ‘Kasuri Methi’. It has different names in different regions in India like ‘Venthiya Keera’ in Tamil, ‘Methi Sag’ in Bengali, ‘Menthya Soppu’ in Malayalam, and ‘Menthikora’ in Telugu.

Nutritional Value of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

Fenugreek leaves are acclaimed worldwide for the cure of arthritis. If fenugreek leaves are consumed twice daily, it flushes out all the waste from the body and also cleanses the intestines. Leaves, as well as seeds, are a rich source of dietary fiber and also protein content is high in them. The important vitamins and nutrients that fenugreek leaves contains are folic acid, thiamin, vitamins A, B6 and C, riboflavin, and niacin. Major ingredients that present in fenugreek leaves are potassium, iron, phosphorous, and calcium among others. Vitamin K is also available in fenugreek leaves. About 100grams of fenugreek leaves provides us about 50 calories of energy.

Health Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Health Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

Reduces cholesterol

Daily consumption of fenugreek leaves has a great impact on blood lipid levels. Thus for people suffering from lipid fluctuations can benefit immensely from this herb. Thus it cuts down cholesterol levels, triglycerides and LDL by pulling up their HDL levels. For a great effect, place about 100grams of fenugreek leaves in water at night and strain the water next morning and consume it

Prevents bowel Problems

Fenugreek leaves is very helpful in fighting dyspepsia and poor functioning of the liver. It also helps in curbing gastric problems and various intestinal issues. It is commonly used in digestion related problems such as, gastritis, constipation, and stomach upset etc.

Balances blood lipids levels

Fenugreek leaves helps in balancing effect on body’s blood lipid levels and helps in curbing hazards like atherosclerosis.

Curbs diabetes

Fenugreek leaves since years is known to be the best means for reducing cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL levels which in turn helps in fighting symptoms of diabetes. This herb is capable of restraining glucose metabolism. Thus, helps in treating and preventing Type II diabetes. As per various studies, it reduces the formation of blood sugar levels of diabetes by a fair margin.

Reduces heart problems

This is one of the most important characteristics of fenugreek leaves that it helps in reduction of platelet creation. Thereby, helps in reducing the chances of unanticipated blood clotting in the heart. Like various other herbs, fenugreek leaves also comprise of strong antioxidants. It also helps in protecting other antioxidants that are generated internally from any kind of damage. They are also helpful in shielding the body against a range of chronic diseases.

Helps reduce blemishes

Fenugreek leaves are highly beneficial in reducing blemishes and marks on the skin. People having some prominent spots or marks on the face, should try using fenugreek leaves. Applying it is also very simple, just mix a few drops of water in fenugreek seed powder and blend till it becomes smooth and then apply the paste on the face and leave it for some time. Then wipe it off using wet cotton and the difference will be seen in few weeks.

Gives lustrous and long hair

Applying thick fenugreek leaves paste on scalp and rinsing it off after 30-40 minutes twice a week promotes lustrous and long hair. It is an excellent replacement for unsafe and chemical shampoos damaging the hair

Protects from kidney problems

Various medical researchers have named fenugreek leaves as a very useful medium for battling not only kidney problems but also boils and mouth ulcers and beriberi disease among various others.

Helpful to Breast feeding mothers

Consuming fenugreek leaves helps in improving milk flow in breastfeeding mothers and hence it is very beneficial for breast feeding mothers to consume fenugreek leaves in the daily diet

Helps curb fever

Herbal tea made using fenugreek leaves powder is an excellent way of bringing the temperature down in case of high fever and thus can serve as the best homemade medicine for fever.

Benefits hair

In addition, to making the hair long and lustrous, fenugreek leaves when mixed with coconut milk and applied to the scalp prevents hair loss, greying of hair and also makes the hair silky and soft. One of the biggest problems is greying of hair; this can be prevented by massaging this paste unto the scalp. It can also help in preventing of dandruff by mixing leaves with a small amount of vinegar and directly applied on the scalp.

Beauty benefits

Besides removing spots and blemishes, a face pack made using fenugreek leaves paste mixed with some turmeric powder prevents blackheads and pimples. It can also be used in boiled milk and it will help in preventing lines and wrinkles. It also makes the complexion fair

Uses of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

It is popularly used for flavoring dishes and making herbal tea. This herb also used for medicinal purposes. It is also used as a topping of “tur dal” and is a seasonal herb in various vegetarian dishes. It is also used in the manufacturing of soaps and cosmetics by various beauty products manufacturers. Since fenugreek reminds of maple syrup it is used by various pharmaceutical companies to cover up the sour taste of medicines and tablets. It is mostly used by natural products or ayurvedic based medicine manufacturers. In beverages, food, and tobacco it is used as a flavonoid. This herb is also used in making pickles or salads and in India it is also consumed as a leafy vegetable. It is also used in the preparation of starchy vegetables, raitas for flavoring and to make the vegetable gravies thick. In some restaurants in India, steamed fenugreek is added in various vegetables for topping.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

There are numerous benefits of fenugreek leaves but only if it is consumed in moderation. Since it is very bitter in taste it is not easy to consume it in a large, quantity but if large quantities are consumed it has an allergic reaction similar to that of peanuts as it belongs to the same category. With fenugreek, the most common problem is a feeling of nausea. It has great skin advantages but prior to its application on the face; test it on the skin as it has allergic reactions to various types of skin. Pregnant women should avoid consuming it because of its labour inducing effect. If you are on any other medicine then consume fenugreek at least a couple of hours before you take your medicine.

Origin And Cultivation of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)

There are numerous benefits of fenugreek leaves but only if it is consumed in moderation. Since it is very bitter in taste it is not easy to consume it in a large, quantity but if large quantities are consumed it has an allergic reaction similar to that of peanuts as it belongs to the same category. With fenugreek, the most common problem is a feeling of nausea. It has great skin advantages but prior to its application on the face; test it on the skin as it has allergic reactions to various types of skin. Pregnant women should avoid consuming it because of its labour inducing effect. If you are on any other medicine then consume fenugreek at least a couple of hours before you take your medicine.

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm 29 n I've been masturbating very very very excessively since 11. Due to which I believed I've hindered my puberty because I've the same very small penis size which I had while I was 11. Actually as long as I can remember my 1st stage of puberty (ie enlargement of scotrum n small pubic hair started appearing) was taking place normally because I wasn't ejaculating semen n I didn't lost any minerals and vitamins. But by 12 when I started ejaculating I was loosing a lot of essential nutrients, minerals, vitamins etc. N I've learned it from a reliable source that each ejaculation contains about 3-5 mg of zinc, n zinc deficiency can hampers sexual maturation during puberty. And then I got so addicted that I've been masturbating throughout my life until recently ie in the month of August I decided to cut it down to the possible minimum extent. N in these 3 months I've masturbated just 7 times. N by now I'm already seeing some physical improvements like: .Continuation follows.

MD(Am)
General Physician, Secunderabad
Max twice a week. Masturbate Masturbation is a common activity. It’s a natural and safe way to explore your body, feel pleasure, and release built-up sexual tension. It occurs among people of all backgrounds, genders, and races. Despite the myths, there are actually no physically harmful side effects of masturbation. However, excessive masturbation can negatively impact your relationships and everyday life. Other than that, masturbation is a fun, normal, and healthy act. Keep reading to learn more about the side effects and potential health benefits of masturbation. Side effects of masturbation Masturbation doesn’t have any harmful side effects, though some people may feel guilty about masturbating or have issues with chronic masturbation. Masturbation and guilt Some people may feel guilty about masturbating because of cultural, spiritual, or religious beliefs. Masturbation is neither wrong nor immoral, but you may still hear messages that self-pleasure is “dirty” and “shameful.” If you feel guilty over masturbating, speak with someone you trust about why you feel this way and how you can move past that guilt. There are also therapists that specialize in sexual health and may be a good resource. Addiction to masturbation Some people can and do become addicted to masturbating. You may be spending too much time masturbating if masturbation causes you to: skip your chores or daily activities miss work or school cancel plans with friends or family miss important social events Being addicted to masturbation can have a negative impact on your relationships and other parts of your life. Masturbating too much may interrupt your work or studies, which can lower productivity. It may also hurt your relationships and friendships because you don’t spend as much time with your loved ones as you used to, or don’t pay attention to their needs. If you’re worried you may be addicted to masturbation, speak with your doctor or a counselor about ways to cut down on masturbating. Talk therapy can help you manage your addiction. You could also cut down by replacing masturbation with other activities. Next time you have an urge to masturbate, try: going for a run writing in a journal spending time with friends going for a walk Does masturbation cause a decrease in sexual sensitivity? For women who have sexual dysfunction, enhanced stimulation, including masturbation, can help increase sexual desire and sensitivity. In fact, two 2009 studies found that vibrator use among women and men has been linked to an increase in desire, arousal, and overall sexual function. Women also reported an increase in lubrication, while men reported better erectile function, according to the studies. Masturbation can affect sensitivity during sex for men because of their technique. Research has shown that too tight of a grip on a penis during masturbation can decrease sensation. Sexual health experts recommend changing your technique during masturbation to restore sensitivity levels during sex. Benefits of masturbation Masturbation is a healthy sexual activity that has many benefits for your physical and mental health. There are limited studies on the benefits of masturbation, but studies on sexual intercourse and anecdotal reports suggest that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, may help you: relieve built-up stress sleep better boost your mood relax feel pleasure relieve cramps release sexual tension have better sex better understand your wants and needs Couples may also mutually masturbate to explore different desires, as well as avoid pregnancy. Self-pleasuring also helps you prevent sexually transmitted infection. Masturbation is a healthy, natural, and safe way to practice self-love and improve your health. Masturbating may have many benefits for your mind and body. Despite the possibility of addiction, there are no harmful side effects. You should feel free to enjoy self-pleasure without guilt or shame. Speak with a therapist or someone you trust about any negative feelings you have.
3 people found this helpful

Hi doctor, previous 2 years I am using ,hand up means hand job or hp and also I am suffering from diabetes also, is there any effect of me, my penis small, I am unmarried.

MD(Am)
General Physician, Secunderabad
Masturbate Masturbation is a common activity. It’s a natural and safe way to explore your body, feel pleasure, and release built-up sexual tension. It occurs among people of all backgrounds, genders, and races. Despite the myths, there are actually no physically harmful side effects of masturbation. However, excessive masturbation can negatively impact your relationships and everyday life. Other than that, masturbation is a fun, normal, and healthy act. Keep reading to learn more about the side effects and potential health benefits of masturbation. Side effects of masturbation Masturbation doesn’t have any harmful side effects, though some people may feel guilty about masturbating or have issues with chronic masturbation. Masturbation and guilt Some people may feel guilty about masturbating because of cultural, spiritual, or religious beliefs. Masturbation is neither wrong nor immoral, but you may still hear messages that self-pleasure is “dirty” and “shameful.” If you feel guilty over masturbating, speak with someone you trust about why you feel this way and how you can move past that guilt. There are also therapists that specialize in sexual health and may be a good resource. Addiction to masturbation Some people can and do become addicted to masturbating. You may be spending too much time masturbating if masturbation causes you to: skip your chores or daily activities miss work or school cancel plans with friends or family miss important social events Being addicted to masturbation can have a negative impact on your relationships and other parts of your life. Masturbating too much may interrupt your work or studies, which can lower productivity. It may also hurt your relationships and friendships because you don’t spend as much time with your loved ones as you used to, or don’t pay attention to their needs. If you’re worried you may be addicted to masturbation, speak with your doctor or a counselor about ways to cut down on masturbating. Talk therapy can help you manage your addiction. You could also cut down by replacing masturbation with other activities. Next time you have an urge to masturbate, try: going for a run writing in a journal spending time with friends going for a walk Does masturbation cause a decrease in sexual sensitivity? For women who have sexual dysfunction, enhanced stimulation, including masturbation, can help increase sexual desire and sensitivity. In fact, two 2009 studies found that vibrator use among women and men has been linked to an increase in desire, arousal, and overall sexual function. Women also reported an increase in lubrication, while men reported better erectile function, according to the studies. Masturbation can affect sensitivity during sex for men because of their technique. Research has shown that too tight of a grip on a penis during masturbation can decrease sensation. Sexual health experts recommend changing your technique during masturbation to restore sensitivity levels during sex. Benefits of masturbation Masturbation is a healthy sexual activity that has many benefits for your physical and mental health. There are limited studies on the benefits of masturbation, but studies on sexual intercourse and anecdotal reports suggest that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, may help you: relieve built-up stress sleep better boost your mood relax feel pleasure relieve cramps release sexual tension have better sex better understand your wants and needs Couples may also mutually masturbate to explore different desires, as well as avoid pregnancy. Self-pleasuring also helps you prevent sexually transmitted infection. Masturbation is a healthy, natural, and safe way to practice self-love and improve your health. Masturbating may have many benefits for your mind and body. Despite the possibility of addiction, there are no harmful side effects. You should feel free to enjoy self-pleasure without guilt or shame. Speak with a therapist or someone you trust about any negative feelings you have.

Is it mandatory that I should avoid rice, wheat for weight loss? Im planning for pregnancy in the near future so kindly suggest ways to reach the ideal weight with the balanced diet and supplements.

Bsc Food & Nutrition, Msc Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user No you don't need to avoid wheat and rice in order to lose weight. You should reduce their portions in your meal. Wheat has important B vitamins, such as thiamin, folate, and vitamin B6, and the minerals magnesium, zinc, and manganese content. You should have whole wheat rotis. Avoid ghee on the rotis. With regards to rice you can opt for handpounded rice in smaller quantities / red rice / Brown rice also. The health benefits of rice include its ability to provide instant energy, regulate and improve bowel movements, stabilize blood sugar levels, and slow down the aging process. It also plays a role in providing vitamin B1 to the human body.

I have neck pain due to prolonged sitting in chair as my work demands to do so. What is it I can do to not have the pain?

MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Hi lybrate-user, I can understand how painful neck pain can be. Here are some options that you can try on a regular basis at work. 1. One study showed the longer you sit, the more likely you are to have neck pain. Standing up frequently, whether to pop to the water cooler, chat to your colleagues or just go for a walk around- all will help. 2. Avoid holding the same neck position for long periods of time. Especially if looking down. Studies have shown people who look down (we call this ‘neck flexion’) for long periods are more likely to get neck pain. It’s easy to get caught up in a document you’re reading- so remember to move frequently. Sometimes document holders can help. 3. Don’t let work get you down! If you are stressed, or unhappy at work, you are more likely to get neck pain. Speak with your boss about changing things that don’t work for you. 4. Sit. Stand. Move. Repeat. Regular movement is so important we are mentioning it again. You can have the poshest desk with the most expensive seat, and the latest computer screen. However, if you sit there all day and barely move, you’re still more likely to get neck pain, as well as other problems. 5. Movement is key. And if you can add in some exercise (whatever you enjoy doing, it doesn’t need to be the gym) you are minimising your risk of getting neck pain- and also gaining lots of other health benefits! Hope this helps. Good Luck.

I am having a very poor sperm count some times no sperm come when I masturbate what should I do help.

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
Hi..have eggs , spinach, bananas; dark chocolate; asparagus; broccoli ; pomegranate; walnuts ; garlic , Foods rich in zinc include barley, red meat, beans, etc. Zinc plays a vital role in sperm development. Homeopathic medicines helps in improving the spermcount and is also beneficial in raising the quality of semen it improves the blood supply to the glands producing male hormones..
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Health Benefits of Soybeans

Sexologist Clinic
Sexologist, Faridabad

1.     Soybeans can help individuals control weight.

Soybeans have been known to suppress the appetite, helping people eliminate the chances of overeating that leads to obesity and other health related risks. Also, soybeans provide considerable amounts of protein, which can lead to weight gain when taken in large quantities. The weight obtained from soybeans could protect the individual from chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

2.     Soybeans can contribute to improving your sleep.

Soybeans have a high content of magnesium, which is a mineral that is directly linked to improving the quality, duration, and tranquillity of sleep. Soybeans also help regulate the metabolism, to help reduce sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia.

3.     Soybeans may help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes.

Soybeans have the ability to increase insulin receptors in the body. This helps the body to handle the disease effectively or prevents diabetes from forming at all.

4.     Soybeans can contribute to improving circulation and oxygenation.

Soybeans are rich in copper and iron. Both are essential for the red blood cell formation. Increased red blood cell production increases oxygen to the cells and improves the metabolic activity. This prevents conditions like anemia.

5.     Soybeans may help to improve your digestive health.

Fiber can help prevent constipation and stimulate the contractions of the smooth muscles that forces food through your system. This aids in preventing dangerous conditions like colorectal cancer.

6.     Soybeans can help decrease the risk of congenital disabilities.

Soybeans are rich in the B-vitamin complex, particularly in folic acid. Folic acid helps the body to make healthy red blood cells and prevents anemia. It is also important for maintaining rapid cell division and growth during infancy and pregnancy. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.

7.     Soybeans have a significant vitamin and mineral density.

Soybeans are an excellent source of calcium, magnesium, copper, selenium, and zinc. These have a role in preventing osteoporosis and help speed the bone healing process. 

1 person found this helpful

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Beneficial?

Acne is one of the major problems faced by teenagers and young adults. When active, acne causes burning and pain on the skin. Once they dry off, they leave the scars and marks. However, with advancement in cosmetic surgery, there are a number of options available which can make the scars disappear almost completely.

How is it done?

  1. Laser/light procedure is used in a number of skin conditions, in addition to acne scar treatment. During the procedure, a beam of intense light is focused on the skin, which removes the acne scar without damaging the surrounding tissue.
  2. Laser is used in all kinds of acne, such as papules, pustules, whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules. Acne is caused by bacteria, and when a beam of laser is applied, these get activated, which damages the bacterial wall and kills the bacteria. The reduced amount of bacteria also reduces the severity of the acne. Laser also helps reduce the amount of sebum production, thereby reducing incidence of acne. Most people require about three settings with a month’s break in between. However, the exact treatment plan will depend on the location and intensity of acne and skin type.

Prior to the procedure:
Have a detailed talk with your surgeon on what to expect after the procedure, including potential risks and outcomes. It is important to keep the following things in mind to achieve the best outcome:

  1. Avoid sunbathing, waxing, and collagen injections for at least 10–15 days before the procedure.
  2. Avoid irritants in the area, including perfumes and deodorants while the treatment is on.
  3. Avoid medicines like aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements 2 weeks before the procedure, which may increase risk of bleeding .

Post treatment
Once you leave the clinic, the treated area may be pink or red for about 4 to 8 hours. There could be a slight prickly sensation on the treated area, with mild swelling, which will subside over the next few days. Cool packs or moist cloths can be used to reduce the sensation. A good moisturizer can also be used twice a day to soothe the skin. Makeup is to be used only after the redness and prickly sensation have subsided. The recovery period may take about weeks to months after the procedure, depending on the type of skin and acne.

Benefits
More and more people are choosing to go for laser therapy to get rid of their acne scars because of the following benefits—minimally invasive, is done in one sitting, reduced recovery time, reduced pain, and can be clubbed with other acne therapy modes. With the latest advancements, laser definitely is useful and has been successful in treating acne. So, your acne marks are sure to go away!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

13 people found this helpful

All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

Apollo Hospitals is among the few recognized transplantation centers in the country and has one of the largest transplantation registries. As liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure, the patients and family have quite a lot of concern areas. This broucher provides brief answer to frequently asked questions.

The information contain herein is of general nature and should not be construed as specific medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details.

GLOSSARY

  1. Ascites: A build up of fluid in the abdomen.
  2. Autoimmune: A condition that results when the bile ducts inside and outside the liver don’t have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver causing jaundice and cirrhosis. If this condition is present from birth then without surgery it may cause death.
  3. Biopsy: Removing a small piece of tissue to view under a microscope.
  4. Cirrhosis: A chronic liver condition cause by scar tissue and damage to cells. Cirrhosis makes it hard for the liver to remove poisons (toxins) like alcohol and drugs from the blood. These toxins build up in the blood and may affect the brain.
  5. Cyclosporine: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  6. Immunosuppressant: Medicines that stop your immune system from attacking bacteria viruses and transplanted organs.
  7. Jaundice: A symptoms of many disorders. Jaundice causes the skin and white of eyes to turn yellow.
  8. Mycophenolate mofetill: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  9. Sirolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  10. Steroids: A group of immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  11. Tacrolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.

What are the donor organ options that are used for transplantation in children?

  • Reduced size liver graft: a piece of a liver is taken from a beain-dead person(cadaver donor)
  • Living donor transplant: A piece of a liver from adult living donor and is used as a transplant for a child. Over the past 10 year, nearly 1000 of these transplants have been done throughout the world. They have been just as successful as transplants of whole organs. There are some risks of adult donation for transplant to a child. These risks seem to be much smaller than the risks of a living donor transplant to an adult.

Are there technical problems in doing a transplant on a child?

Yes. It is a little more difficult because the blood vessels are very small. Also, the care after surgery must be done in ICUs that can handle such small children.

Do children get the same ani-rejection drugs as adults?

In general, children get the same type of drugs that adults get. However, children may have different side effects. Therefore, only doctors who specialize in this field should handle the follow-up of children after transplants.

What makes a transplant successful?

First, you must have good medical care. Then, families and patients should make every effort to keep in touch with their medical terms. Children who get liver transplants will need to take drugs on schedule, see their doctor often and may need more procedures. All this will help to make transplants successful and will help to give long and healthy lives to the children. So make sure you stay in touch with your transplant team and follow their advice. Ask for counseling when you have any problems.

What does my liver do?

  • It helps digest your food
  • It clears some wastes from your blood
  • It makes proteins that help your blood to clot
  • It helps control the way your body, uses food and works with the body’s defense system
  • It helps use and store vitamins
  • It breaks down many drugs

What are the signs of liver problems?

Some signs of liver problems are:

  • Feeling weak and sick in your stomach and losing appetite
  • Muscle wasting(becoming skin and bones)
  • Fluid build-up in the abdomen(ascites)
  • Yellow skin and eyes(Jaundice)
  • Forgetfulness, confusion or coma(encephalopathy)
  • Swollen hands/ legs
  • Itching
  • Bruising, bleeding easily and nose bleeds
  • Blood in vomitus, bloody/ black bowel movements

What is liver transplantation?

Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one. This kind of surgery has been done for four decades. Across the world thousands of people have had liver transplants and now lead normal lives.

Being tired and losing your appetite can be signs of liver problems. Liver transplants can help adults and children.

PEDIATRIC LIVER TRANSPLANTAION

Liver transplantation is now one of the best treatments for fatal liver diseases in children. New drugs and ways of doing surgery have greatly improved patient survival rates. In the liver transplants for children, there are two main issues.

  1. What caused the liver failure in the first place?
  2. What is the severity of disease process and how soon does the child need a liver transplant.

Why do children need liver transplant?

  • Billiary artesia: This is a disease in which a child is born with no bile ducts. It is the most common reason for liver transplants in children
  • Problems in digesting and using food: ‘Inborn errors of metabolism’ including the following conditions:
  • Alpha-I-antitrypsin deficiency tyrosinemia and wilson’s disease.
  • Lipid storage(Gaucher’s disease, Niemann-pick disease, Wolman’s disease, cholesterol ester storage disease)
  • Carbohydrate storage diseases(galactoserria and glycogen storage diseases)
  • Liver Cancers: Some liver cancers are found only in children
  • Sudden liver failure: This is a sudden liver failure that can cause death. It can have many causes. Mostly it comes from too much paracetamol or other drugs. In this kind of liver failure, a liver transplant can cure the problem if done early.

What is involved in the donor-evaluation process?

Donors undergo a thorough check-up that includes:

  1. Blood tests: Determine donor’s blood type, to see that it matches that of the person in need of the transplant. Blood tests are done to test the donor’s liver, kidney, and thyroid. Other trests are done to check for viruses such as hepatitis and HIV(the virus that causes AIDS)
  2. Physical Examination: If donor and recipient blood types are a close match the donor will get physical examination.
  3. Ultrasound: An ultrasound is done for the liver, other organs and the blood vessels
  4. Other Tests: Such as MRI, and CT Scans, help to give a complete view of the donor’s organs
  5. Tests of the lungs and heart may also be done. It takes 2 to 4 days for a donor to go through these tests. In an emergency situation, it can be done in as little as 48 hours

For how long does the donor remain hospitalized?

Donors stay in the hospital for up to 7 days after surgery. They may spend their first night after surgery in the ICU. The nest day they often go to the general surgical floor where the nurses have experience in caring for liver donors. Donors are encouraged to get out of bed and walk as soon as they are able.

How long before the liver donor is fully recovered?

For the most part, it takes about 4 weeks to recover from surgery. In the month after leaving hospital donors return to the hospital regularly to be checked. Donors often get back to work within 3 to 6 weeks. The medical staff will let you know when it is safe to return to normal life.

What are the donor’s health care costs?

The health insurance of the person who gets the transplant covers the donor’s health care costs. This includes the costs of the check up, doctor’s fess, hospital costs, and follow-up visits after surgery.

What are the reasons for needing a liver transplant?

In adults, the most common reason for liver transplantation is Liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is caused by many different types of liver injuries that destroy healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissue. Cirrhosis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver disease, build-up of fat in the liver and hereditary liver diseases. Sometimes the cause of liver cirrhosis is not known.

In children, the most common reason for liver transplantation is a billiary atresia. Bile ducts, which are tubes that carry bile out of the liver, are missing or damaged in this disease and obstructed bile causes cirrhosis. Bile helps digest food.

Other reason for needing liver transplantation is certain liver cancers, benign liver tumors, and hereditary diseases.

Sudden or rapidly developing liver failure may sometimes affect children and adults. The common causes of certain viral illness and reaction to some medicines like excess does of pain killers and even certain herbal/ traditional medicines. A liver transplant can save a life if undertaken at the right time.

How will I know whether I need a liver transplant?

Based on your sickness and liver disease status, your doctor may recommend you to the liver transplant unit for further evaluation. You will meet the liver transplant team. The team is usually led by a liver transplant surgeon and includes liver specialists (hepatologists), nurses, and other health care professionals. The transplant team will arrange blood tests, x rays, and other tests to help make the decision about whether you need a transplant and whether a transplant can be carried out safely.

Other aspects of your health like the condition of your heart, lungs, kidneys, immune system, and mental health will also be checked to be sure you’re strong enough for surgery.

Can anyone with liver problems get transplant?

You cannot have transplant if you have

  • Cancer in another part of your body
  • Serious heart, lung or nerve disease
  • Active alcohol or illegal drug abuse
  • An active severe infection
  • Inability to follow your doctor’s instructions

How did living-donor liver transplantation begin and how common is it?

Living donor transplants were first done in children because of the long waiting period for cadaver organs and increasing death rate on the list. It was done in children in the 1980s and is now being done in adults for the last 8 years. In India because of relative lack of cadaveric organs, the majority of transplants are done using living donor organs.

Who can become a donor?

People who want to be liver donor are carefully checked to ensure that they can safely give a part of their liver and that their liver is healthy. The first concern is the safety of the donor as well as being sure that the graft will work for the person in need. The risks to the donor are real. Discuss this with your doctor. In general liver donors must:

  • Be good in health
  • Have a blood type that is a close match to the blood of the person in nedd.
  • Not have a selfish motive for donating

There should be no pressure of any kind on a person to donate part of his liver nor should there be any money given or received.

LIVING DONOR TRANSPLANTATION

What is a living donor liver transplant?

A living-donor transplant is when someone who is alive gives a part of his or her liver to a person who needs a transplant. Family members such as parents, sisters, brothers, adult children or someone close, such as a spouse, may offer to give part of his or her healthy liver. This can be done because a healthy liver can grow new tissues. After the transplant, the liver parts of both the donor and person in need will grow and form complete organs.

What are the benefits of living donor liver transplantation?

The best reason for living donor transplant is that it shortens the waiting time for a liver. The timing of the surgery can be planned. The chance for as successful transplant is increased. Today, thousands of patients await liver transplantation but only handful cadaveric organs become available every year. A living-donor transplant gives those in need an early transplant before their liver failure gets worse and their livers are in danger.

How long does it take to get a new liver?

If the transplant team recommends that you need a transplant, you will be counseled regarding your options of living donor liver transplant or cadaver liver transplant.

If you have a living donor in your family your waiting time could be as short as one week. The living donors and donated livers are tested before transplant surgery. The testing makes sure the liver is healthy, matches your blood type and is the right size so that it has the best chance of working in your body.

In case you do not have a living donor, your name will be placed on a waiting list with your consent. Your blood type, body size and how sick you are, plays a role in deciding your place on the list. Currently, the sickest people are at the top of the list, so you may have to wait your turn.

While you wait for a new liver you and your doctor should talk about what you can do to stron for the surgery. You will also start learning about taking care of a new liver.

Where do the livers for transplantation come from?

Whole livers come from people who are brain dead (heart beat still present). These people are on breathing machines in various hospital ICUs. This type of donor is called “cadaveric donor”. Alternatively, a healthy person in the family can donate a part of his or her liver for the patient with liver failure. This kind of donor is called a ‘living donor’. More information on living donor liver transplantation is included in the latter part of this booklet.

Financial resources/ Health Insurance

You should check to be sure that you will be able to cover the cost of liver transplantation and prescription medicines. You will need certain medicines after the surgery and some for the rest of your life. Check with your employer, health insurance policy or aid organizations if they can support you in part or full.

What happens in the hospital?

When a liver is available, you will be prepared for the surgery. If your new liver is from a living donor, both of you and the donor will be in surgery at the same time. If your new liver is from a person who has recently died, your surgery will start when the new liver arrives at the hospital.

Can I go back to my daily activities?

Yes. After a successful liver transplant, most people can go back to their normal daily activities. Getting your strength back will take some time, depending on how sick you were before the transplant.

You will need to check with your doctor on how long your recovery period will be

  • After recovery, most people are able to go back to work
  • Most people can go back to eating as they eat before. Some medicines may cause you to gain weight others may cause diabetes or rise in your cholesterol. Meal planning and a balance low fat diet can help you remain healthy.
  • Most people can engage in physical activity after a successful liver transplant
  • Most people returned to normal sex life after liver transplantation. It is important for a woman to avoid becoming pregnant in the first year after transplantation.

You should talk to your transplant team about sex and reproduction after transplantation.

If you have any questions, you may check with your doctor before starting any activity.

Eating a healthy diet and taking the medications are part of taking care of your new liver.

What are the other problems that can damage the liver transplant?

Return of the problem that made the transplant necessary in the first place in less than 10% of patients with liver transplants. Also hepatitis C virus may damage a transplant if the patient was infected before the operation took place.

Rarely occurring problems include:

  • Blockage of the blood vessels going into or out of the liver
  • Damage to the tubes that carry bile in to the intestine

What if the transplant doesn’t work?

About 90% transplanted livers are still working after 1 year and about 85% livers are working at 5 years after transplant. If the new liver does not work or if your body rejects it, your doctor and the transplant team will decide whether another transplant is necessary.

How do I take care of my liver after I leave the hospital?

After you leave the transplant center at the hospital, you will see your doctor often to be sure your new liver is working well. You will have regular blood tests to check that your new liver is not being damaged by rejection, infections or problems with blood vessels and bile ducts. You will need to avoid sick people and report any illness to your doctor. You will need to eat a healthy diet, exercise and not drink alcohol. You should only use medicines, including ones you can buy without a prescription, after counseling your doctor. It is important to do what your doctor says to take care of your new liver.

During Surgery

The surgery can take from 6 to 14 hours. While the surgeon removes your diseased liver, other doctors will prepare the new liver.

The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will put the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.

After Surgery

You will stay in the hospital for an average 2 to 3 weeks to be sure your new liver is working. You will take medicines to prevent rejection of your new liver and to prevent infections. Your doctor will check for bleeding, infections and rejection. During this time you will start to learn how to take care of yourself and use your medicines to protect your new liver after you go home.

In the hospital, you will start eating again. You will start with clear liquids, then switch to solid food as your new liver starts to work.

What are the likely complications following a liver transplant?

Minor wound infection and discharge of liquefied fat is seen in about 10% of people. This will settle with little or no intervention. Major wound infection needing another surgery is extremely rare.

By now you are aware that liver transplantation involves making a lot of connections. There is an extremely small chance that these connections can become too tight or too loose. We have a very highly trained team of doctors who are able to treat them with minimally invasive techniques without resorting to another surgery.

Hepatic Artery Thrombosis (HAT) / Clotting of the hepatic artery is a rare complication seen in less than 4% of the patients and portal vein thrombosis is even rarer and is seen in less than 1% of the patients. When identified, the clot will have to be removed and it will involve another surgery. In spite of all this, if we are not successful, re-transplantation will be necessary.

What is rejection?

Rejection occurs when your body’s natural defenses, called the immune system, damage the new liver. Your immune system keeps you healthy by fighting against things that don’t belong in your body, such as bacteria and viruses. After a transplant, it is common for your immune system to fight against the liver and try to destroy it.

How is rejection prevented?

To keep your body from rejecting the new liver, you will have to take medicines. These drugs such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine, steroids, sirolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are called immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants weaken your immune system’s ability to reject your new liver.

Do immunosuppressants have any side effects?

Yes. You can get infections more easily because these drugs weaken your immune system. You will need to stay away from people who are sick. These drugs may also increase your blood pressure, cause your cholesterol to rise, cause diabetes, weaken your bones and may damage your kidneys in the long run. Steroid drugs may also cause changes in how you look by causing weight gain. Your doctor and the transplant team will monitor these effects and treat you for any complications that may occur.

What are the signs of rejection?

Doctors will check your blood for liver enzymes at the first sign of rejection. Often rejection does not make you feel ill. Sometimes rejections can cause- pain, fever, jaundice, and changes in liver function tests.

Often a liver biopsy is needed to diagnose rejection. For a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of the liver to examine under a microscope. Blood tests will show if the new liver is being rejected.

Why liver is an important organ of the body?

The liver is one of the largest organs in your body. It helps digest the food you eat and convert it into energy. It also helps fight infections and cleans your blood, thus making it a very vital organ.

How lifestyle can affect the health of liver?

Due to our changing life style patterns, alcohol is consumed either as a status symbol or to cope up with stress. Alcohol puts a lot of stress on the liver, such continuous state of stress usually results in liver damage.

What are the different common diseases related to liver?

Cirrhosis, Viral hepatitis (Most common form across the world are Hepatitis A, B & C), fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disorders are the common disease of liver.

What is a liver transplant and why is it done?

Simply put ‘Liver Transplantation’ is surgery to remove a diseased or injured liver and replace it with a healthy one from another person, also called as a donor.In adults, the most common reason for needing a liver transplant is ‘Cirrhosis’. This is caused by various different types of diseases which destroy the healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissues.

What are the types of liver transplants?

There are two types of liver transplants – Living Donor and Deceased Donor Transplants. In case of the 'living donor' Liver Transplant, a portion of Liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in the recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, the liver regenerates to necessary size in about 6 to 8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate. In deceased donor liver transplants, the donor is a brain dead person.

How much time is needed for patient to recover after liver transplant?

Recovery time ranges from 1 to 2 weeks. Proper care, follow-up and life-long medications are required for the new Liver to function properly.

Can liver grow back to normal after the transplant?

Yes. Liver is the only organ which can regenerate in case of living donor liver transplant, a portion of liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, liver regenerates to necessary size in 6-8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate liver in this case.

What does Sahyadri Hospital has in offering for Liver care?

Sahyadri Hospitals has an A-Z Liver Wellness Clinic dedicated for management of all types of diseases related to Liver, Pancreas, Bile ducts & Gall bladder. It Offers state-of-the-art facilities for Liver, Kidney & Pancreas Transplant with 24/7 availability of dedicated multi-disciplinary ‘Liver Team’, including Hepatologist, Critical Care Physicians and Liver Transplant Surgeons, a well-equipped Intensive care unit with dedicated nurses, physiotherapist and nutritionist.

What are the major risks in donating?

As with any major surgery, there will be pain from the incision, which will get better with time. Other risks to the donor include bleeding, infection, and temporary bile leaks. Fatalities in transplantation have been reported from certain transplant centers in the world but it is rare. Most have full recoveries and are healthy. Discuss regarding risk to the donors with your transplant surgeon.

What happens during donor surgery?

The incision is the shape of mirror image of ‘L’. The gallbladder is always removed. The donor’s liver is split into two parts. One part is removed for the transplantation. The surgeon then closes the wound with sutures and staples. There are later removed at a follow-up visit to the surgeon’s office. The liver begins to heal and grow new tissue. It takes about 8-21 weeks for the liver to grow back to its normal size.

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Liver Transplant Surgery - Everything You Need To Know About It!

MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Gastroenterology, MBBS
Surgical Gastroenterologist, Ghaziabad
Liver Transplant Surgery - Everything You Need To Know About It!

As you might already know, the liver performs some important functions for the body such as removing toxins from the blood stream, regulating the immune response, processing hormones, nutrients, and medications, production of bile, production of protein, etc. That’s why the liver is considered to be the most important organ of the human body, and it’s vital to have a healthy, functioning liver. However, in some cases, a person needs a liver transplant. This is a complex surgical procedure that aims at replacing a non-functioning liver with a healthy liver from a donor.

Why is liver transplant done?
Liver transplant is mostly done in cases where the conditions cannot be controlled with conventional treatment or people suffering from cancer. A liver failure generally happens over a period. But, there are cases where the liver might fail in a matter of days. This condition is termed as an acute liver failure.

Chronic liver failure, on the other hand, happens gradually and can be a result of a lot of factors; the most common being liver cirrhosis. The latter can befall due to reasons such as hepatitis C and B, liver fat, Wilson’s disease, alcohol abuse, etc.

When do you need a liver transplantation?
The liver carries various functions important function in the body. Any disease or damage to it can affect the functioning of many other organs and total body functioning. However, the good thing is that liver can regenerate itself and only when it is damaged to an extent that affects this regeneration process; that one needs to look at the various treatment options. Liver transplant is recommended as the last resort in case of serious life threatening liver diseases like the following-

  1. Chronic liver failure
  2. Liver cirrhosis
  3. Acute hepatic necrosis
  4. Auto immune hepatitis
  5. Viral hepatitis
  6. Cancerous tumors in the liver
  7. Other metabolic disorders caused by the liver

For you to be eligible for a liver transplantation it is a must to remain sober for at least 6 months before the procedure happens.

Who can donate healthy liver for transplantation?
Ideally, a healthy liver is available for transplantation once the organ donor has died. However, due to the shortage of cadaver livers, transplantation of a portion of a healthy liver from a living donor was first attempted in the late 1980s. Today living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a common practice in quite a few medical institutes where up to 70% of the right side of the healthy liver is taken from the donor. 

Apart from the liver portion, a small part of a blood vessel in the leg is also removed from the donor’s body to connect the donated liver portion to the recipient. Due to this complex process, the donor may need a hospital stay for a week or longer. During this time the donor’s liver begins to heal and regenerate itself. Full regeneration generally takes six to eight weeks. In case of the recipient, it takes a bit longer for the transplanted portion to reach full function and the appropriate size. Thus the ability of the liver to regenerate helps both the donor and recipient to have a normal functioning liver in some time.

Risks and Benefits of Liver Transplantations
A good transplant centre ensures that all the safety measures are followed during the liver transplantation by the transplant surgeon and there is no risk of complications like bleeding, infection, blocked blood vessels bile ducts in the liver. A successful liver transplant increases the life span of the donor by a few years. However, the new liver can also get infected with hepatitis if it is not treated alongside. Also, relapse to alcohol use after transplant causes damage to the new liver, so stay sober and stay healthy.

What are different phases involved in the process?

  1. The first part of the process involves identifying a transplant centre that is reliable, trustworthy and performs enough transplants in a year. It is important to figure out the survival rate, factor in the cost, access the additional support that the centre can extend, etc.
  2. The next part is the evaluation. Any hospital evaluates a person with three things: A. whether the body is healthy enough to support medications for the rest of the life. B. Whether there exists any pre-medical condition that can jeopardize the procedure. C. If the patient is willing to follow the treatment plan for the rest of the life.
  3. Another phase that enters here is the testing phase. Some of the typical tests that are conducted include imaging test of the liver, basic laboratory tests, nutritional counselling, heart tests, routine health exam, financial counselling, etc. Once these procedures are over and done with, the selection panel of the centre meets to discuss the case and put the patient on the waiting list.

Is there a post-surgery procedure?

Once the patient is matched and the surgery takes place, a patient is likely to be in the intensive care unit for a few days followed by frequent check-ups for the first few months and the medicine continues for the rest of the life.

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Empty Stomach - 8 Food Types That You Must Avoid!

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics, Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Empty Stomach - 8 Food Types That You Must Avoid!

Do you know not all foods can be consumed on an empty stomach? So, it is imperative that you should be aware of such foods and restructure your breakfast menu accordingly. Here is a list of foods to avoid on an empty stomach.

Stay away from the following foods when you eat after a considerable gap

  1. Citrus fruits: Citrus fruits contain fruit acids. When these acids enter an empty stomach, they can lead to heartburn. Hence, if eaten after a prolonged period post meal, a person is at risk of gastritis and stomach ulcers.
  2. Soda: Consuming cold soda drinks on an empty stomach may cause damage to the mucosal membrane while reducing blood flow to the stomach. This may lead to a slow digestive process and difficulty in the abdomen.
  3. Spicy foods: Spicy foods are known to cause irritation and damage to the digestive tract, and are especially not recommended for people who suffer from acid reflux issues since very spicy food leads to consequences such as acid reflux in the food pipe.
  4. Cucumber and other green vegetables: Green vegetables and cucumber are rich in amino acids. If consumed on an empty stomach it may very well lead to pain and bitterness in the upper abdomen.
  5. Tomato: Tomato is a fruit containing high levels of tannin. Tannin causes acidity in an empty stomach and leads to consequences and appearance of gastritis if frequently consumed in such a manner.
  6. Fermented milk products: Fermented milk products such as yogurt typically come with loads of health benefits being full of probiotics. But if consumed on an empty stomach it can interfere with the balance of healthy bacteria as the hydrochloric acid produced tends to be destructive.
  7. Sweets: Items such as candy or sweetmeats contain high levels of sugar and cause a sudden and sharp surge of insulin levels in the blood. Over a long period, this has a bad effect on the pancreas.
  8. Products containing yeast: Edible items such as biscuits, puff pastry, vinegar and beverages such as beer and wine contain yeast which can significantly irritate the stomach and cause bloating.

So, be a little conscious and avoid consuming these items on an empty stomach since a little effort goes a long way. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Table of Content

Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Nutritional Value of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Health Benefits of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Reduces cholesterol
Prevents bowel Problems
Balances blood lipids levels
Curbs diabetes
Reduces heart problems
Helps reduce blemishes
Gives lustrous and long hair
Protects from kidney problems
Helpful to Breast feeding mothers
Helps curb fever
Benefits hair
Beauty benefits
Uses of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Side-Effects & Allergies of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)
Origin And Cultivation of Fenugreek Leaves (Kasuri Methi)