Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments

Blackheads: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

If your skin has clogged hair follicles then you are likely to suffer from the condition of blackheads. Blackheads are a milder form of acne and appear on the skin as bumps or lesions. Although, blackheads commonly develop on the face they can also appear on the arms, shoulders, back, neck and chest.

Our skin is composed of sebaceous gland which produces oil called sebum, to keep our skin soft. The oil is responsible for lubricating your skin. When you sweat this oil gets secreted along with the sweat. Also, when you sweat the accumulated dirt particles, bacteria and oil gets removed from the skin. There are numerous hair follicles on your skin. When the hair follicle gets clogged by the dust, dead skin cells or oil at the opening, it forms a bump or lesion which is called a blackhead. Usually, this bump opens up and is exposed to the air. When it continues to remain closed, it is called a whitehead. Blackheads are basically a type of comedo which is a clogged hair follicle or a pore.

The factors that play into the formation of blackheads are over-production of oil by the sebaceous glands, hormonal changes (especially hormonal changes that teens undergo when they hit puberty or women undergo during their menstruation cycle), taking drugs, excessive sweating, buildup of bacteria on the skin and having an unhealthy diet.

How is the treatment done?

There are a number of medical treatment methods that you can opt for in order to remedy your blackhead problem. The doctor may prescribe a strong topical medication like an ointment or cream. Usually, the topical medications are made from ingredients such as tazarotene, tretinoin, adapalene and vitamin A. Certain topical medications which are antibiotic in nature help to destroy the bacteria that is trapped within the blackheads. The topical creams and ointments also promote the growth of new cells. Certain blackheads require stronger antibiotics in order to kill the bacteria. In such cases oral medications are prescribed.

Some patients opt for laser or light therapies. These therapies treat the problem of blackheads at the root level. The treatment focuses on the deep pockets of oil that lead to formation of comedo’s or blackheads. The Laser or light therapy cuts down the production of oil and destroys the bacteria contained inside the blackhead.

Patients are strongly ill-advised to squeeze out the blackheads. Instead dermatologists recommend the extraction process to be carried out with the help of sterile devices and under expert observation. This method is known as blackhead extraction and involves a process where the dermatologist will squeeze the bacteroia and oil out the clogged pore or hair follicle.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

All those suffering from blackheads problem are eligible to go for the treatments mentioned above.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

All those having highly sensitive skin and those already suffering from some dermatological condition should consult with their dermatologist before undergoing any kind of treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Like all treatments, the treatment for blackhead also includes certain reactions to the medications prescribed by the doctor. Some of these reactions can be either mild or severe. Topical medications lead to side effects such skin redness, burning or stinging sensation. The side effects of oral medications include headache, upset stomach, nausea, depression and a risk of breast cancer.

Those undergoing laser or light therapy experience slight redness which disappears within a few days following the therapy. The extraction method if not done correctly can leave behind a life-long scar.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines include taking care of your skin to prevent any future development of blackheads or clogged pores once again. These include washing and cleansing your face at least two-three times every day. Use oil-free products that are not heavy on your skin. Also exfoliating or scrubbing your face at least two or three times a week removes the accumulated dead skin particles, dirt and other impurities. Also, keep yourself hydrated and maintain a healthy diet that does not include consuming too much fat, oily or greasy and fried food items.

How long does it take to recover?

If you are seeking help for your blackheads medically or with that of a cosmetic surgery like a laser or light therapy, recovery takes about a few days. However, treating for your blackheads is a life-long process that needs to be continued in order to prevent any future breakouts.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of topical ointments for treating blackheads range from around Rs. 50 to Rs. 2000. The cost of a laser treatment in India would cost you around Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 30, 000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are permanent but you need to take care of your skin on an everyday basis to prevent any future possibilities of blackheads.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Alternative treatments for blackhead removal include homeopathy and home remedies.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs. 50- Rs. 30, 000

Popular Health Tips

Facial Massage - Do Men Need It Too?

Senior Residency, DNB - Dermatology Venereology & Leprosy , MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Facial Massage - Do Men Need It Too?

Are you fussy about getting a facial, believing an age old adage that men don’t need facials? Think again, you can be nowhere near the truth as the harsh reality is that men do need facials period. Yes, you might not entertain the fact of having layers of cucumber or banana on your skin and it certainly doesn’t look appealing. But the reality is that your skin can suffer the same damage and wear and tear as a woman’s skin and it needs the dedication and care it deserves. In fact, probably more than the ladies, guys need facials, thanks to their coarser skin, larger pores, and increased chance of sun damage. Feels discomforting? Fret not; as we lay down some points that staunchly suggest that men do need facials like their woman counterparts

  1. Men produce more oil: Men have higher testosterone levels than women and this indirectly produces more oil. This oil can clog your pores and can lead to blackheads, which may lead to pimples. Also due to the coarseness, they can also develop as rashes and can leave permanent marks if not treated properly. Have a facial done at a spa to take care of these risks. The reason why these are better done at a spa is that the specialist can understand your skin type and can chart down a treatment plan based on it. Also, you might have to exfoliate your skin often to reduce the toughness of the dead skin cells.
  2. Benefitting in a smoother shave: No matter how many types of razor you use, the friction caused by the metal to your skin is irreversible. Irritation is one of the common consequences that your facial skin has to undergo every time you shave. The result can be more damaging than you have ever thought so. A deep facial will deep clean bumps and soothe the irritated skin. You can also try various after shave effects to reduce the rashness to the skin and simultaneously you can opt for specialised facial treatment for shaving side effects. You can experience a smoother and a better shave when your skin is smoother.
  3. Facials use products far from the market: It is a known fact that some of the facial products used are not available over the counters. The techniques and the products used can be handled like a pro only by an experienced facial therapist. Instead of following an advertisement and going for a product, take some time off for getting a facial. You can also experience an opportunity to ask more questions regarding the product used on your face. Facials can be ideal stress busters too and can help a great deal in relaxing. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.
6889 people found this helpful

4 Facial Treatments for Dull Skin!

Dermatology Backed Expert Skin & Hair Care Solution
Dermatologist, Kolkata
4 Facial Treatments for Dull Skin!

Dull skin may occur due to multiple reasons such as lifestyle factors and other environmental factors. It makes you look tired and older; this is due to the presence of dead cells on the skin which does not allow the light to reflect properly off your skin. Facials are very helpful in getting rid of dull skin by improving your complexion and circulation. It cleans the pores, removes dead cells, making you look your age, or even younger.

Here are some facial treatments for various skin types:

  1. If oily skin is your woe: If you have oily skin, you can exfoliate your skin using an exfoliating jelly that contains vanilla and alginate (also known as alginic acid) that removes impurities, blackheads and whiteheads from your skin. You can also use a face mask that consists of clay and align (chemical extracted from brown seaweed) that helps in preserving the skin moisture and tightening the pores on your skin. The procedures help in getting rid of impurities and have a soothing effect on the skin as well.
  2. Fight dry skinDry skin problems, such as wrinkles necessitate a hydrate and restore facial. This begins with an exfoliation to remove the dead cells from the topmost layer (epidermis) of the skin. Once the facial is complete, a massage cream is applied that helps in regenerating new skin cells. A vitamin C serum is then applied to make your skin supple and moisturized.
  3. For combination skin: If you are a person who has the worst of both worlds; dry and oily, then you should opt for a procedure that treats both at one go. A balancing facial that exfoliates the skin using ‘micro-dermabrasion’ (a procedure that involves spraying crystals with exfoliative properties on the face in order to eliminate dead cells of the epidermis) and using a serum to add nourishment to your skin can prove to be very effective. This procedure results in a healthy and radiant complexion.
  4. Skin that has been affected by the sun: For skin that has been affected by the sun, you can opt for a de-tan facial that will remove the dullness of your skin. Micro dermabrasion is used to exfoliate the skin and then a de-tan process is done. Aloe Vera is used to soothe and moisturize the skin followed by application of a Vitamin C serum. A face mask with applied to lighten the complexion of the skin. This is also applicable for skin that has been affected by pollution. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.
6134 people found this helpful

Treatments for White and Black Heads!

Dermatology Backed Expert Skin & Hair Care Solution
Dermatologist, Kolkata
Treatments for White and Black Heads!

Whiteheads and blackheads are a type of mild acne. These occur when dead skin cells accumulate on your skin pores. They are also known as ‘comedones’. Blackheads appear like black spots on your face and are often mistaken for dirt. Whiteheads are more stubborn than blackheads and they might be accompanied by tiny spots called papules or pustules.

Since both blackheads and whiteheads are a milder type of acne, they should be promptly treated before the bacteria in the acne proliferate. The skin can worsen and cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or acne marks. This can cause serious discoloration of the skin.

Recommended Treatment 

  1. A treatment comprised of advanced peels is usually recommended. The treatment also covers what diet you should follow and gives detailed instructions to further prevent acne. One of the peels involved in the treatment is a natural acetic acid peel, which treats whiteheads and blackheads. The peel has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It also contains potassium iodide and ‘jasmonic’ acid which ensures skin regeneration and exfoliation.
  2. The other kind of treatment involves a thorough therapy comprising of the following stages:

    • Cleansing: Skin inflammations are reduced with a blend of antioxidant teas.
    • Massaging: Before the blackheads extraction can be started, your skin will be massaged to prepare for the procedure.
    • Mask: A mask will be applied next on your face, and then the extraction process will begin.
    • Toning: Either a tea blend or salicylic acid will be used to unclog pores and control extra oil.
    • Mud Mask: A mud mask made from sea minerals and ‘ichthammol’ is applied to absorb oil and prevent breakouts in the future.
    • Calming Mask: This type of mask contains both tea blends and buttermilk. It soothes and calms the skin.
    • Hydration: Microalgae control extra oil, while reducing flakiness and dryness, thus hydrating your skin. It also contains zinc oxide, which reduces redness and mattes the skin.

Additionally, experts will provide you skincare products that you can use at home after the clinical treatment is over. This ensures future breakouts don’t occur and you skin remains beautiful and clear. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

6742 people found this helpful

Get Flawless Skin Instantly with Chemical Peels!!

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Get Flawless Skin Instantly with Chemical Peels!!

A glowing and clear skin is something that we all aspire to have. Irrespective of age, gender or profession, having a skin free of acne, blackheads, whiteheads and marks is something that is a welcome sight, for your own self as well as others who see you. A lot of people are blessed with impeccably flawless skin but they are many others who may have to go through treatments or medications to make sure that they are able to achieve the look that they desire the most.

As the year's pass, they tend to take a toll on our body as well as our skin. One of the most prominent areas, where the skin starts showing signs of aging is our face. We have many ways with which we can manage to stop this wear and tear and look younger for longer. One of these methods is the use of chemical peels.

How it works:

Chemical peels are basically very light acids which are formulated into a peel with help of other chemicals. It works by dissolving the dead cells of the topmost layer of the skin. This procedure reveals a new layer of skin, which is visibly brighter and younger. After the application of the peel, a neutralizer is applied to cease the action of the peel. Different skin types and skin issues may require varied concentrations of and type of chemical peel and only an expert in the field may be able to decide the exact need.

The Aftercare:

Since the skin may become a bit sensitive after the treatment, it is essential that anyone who undergoes peeling treatment ensures following precautions:

  1. The skin may become sensitive to soap, which is why washing the skin with soap needs to be avoided for 24 hours or as instructed by the specialist.
  2. If there is mild redness of the skin, a cold compress can be used to ease the irritation. However, if the irritation or redness is excessive, it needs to be brought to notice of the doctor.
  3. Bleaching, waxing, facials or other such treatments should be avoided for at least a week or as suggested by the dermatologist.
  4. It is also advisable to avoid heavy makeup for a short period of time after the chemical peel is carried out so that the skin gets enough time to recover itself.

Chemical peeling has several advantages:

  1. It is a safe and effective procedure with minimal complications.
  2. It is inexpensive and totally affordable.
  3. It can be easily combined with other modalities like micro-needling and microdermabrasion.
  4. Many peels can be done as a lunch-time procedure and patient can resume work immediately.

With the advent of the wide variety of peeling agents, a large number of problems can be addressed and peels can be customized according to needs of the patients. With the best medically approved cosmetic practices at your disposal, you may have to look no further for the glowing and radiant skin. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2699 people found this helpful

Diabetes - How It Impacts Your Kidney?

Diabetologist, Bangalore
Diabetes - How It Impacts Your Kidney?

At the point when our bodies process the protein we eat, the procedure creates waste products. In the kidneys, millions of tiny blood vessels act as filters since they have even tinier holes in them. As blood flows through these vessels, little molecules such as waste items may press through the gaps. These waste items turn out to be a part of the urine. Helpful substances such as protein and red blood cells are too enormous to go through the gaps in the filter and stay in the blood.

Diabetes and kidneys: Diabetes can harm the kidneys. Abnormal amount of glucose make the kidneys filter a lot of blood. After a couple of years, they begin to spill and helpful protein is thereby lost in urine. Having low protein levels in the urine is called micro albuminuria.

Medication: When kidney disease is analyzed on time, during micro albuminuria, a few medications may keep kidney disease from getting worse. Having elevated levels of protein in the urine is called macro albuminuria. When kidney disease is looked up some other time during macro albuminuria, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) usually follows.

Causes: Strain on the organs may cause the kidneys to lose their filtering capacity. Waste items then begin to develop in the blood. Finally, the kidneys start to fail. This failure, ESRD, is intense. A patient with ESRD needs a kidney transplant or a blood filtration by a machine (dialysis).

Other complications: Individuals with diabetes will probably have other kidney-related issues such as bladder infections and nerve damages in the bladder.

Preventing complications: Not everybody with diabetes goes through a kidney disease. Elements that can impact kidney disease improvement include genetics, blood sugar control and blood pressure. The more a person keeps diabetes and blood pressure under control, the lower the chances of getting a kidney disease.

Keeping your glucose levels high can counteract diabetic kidney problems. Research has demonstrated that blood glucose control diminishes the danger of micro albuminuria by 33%. For individuals who suffer from micro albuminuria have now a reduced danger of advancing to macro albuminuria. Different studies have recommended that blood glucose control can reverse micro albuminuria.

Treatment: Essential treatments for kidney infection include control of blood glucose and blood pressure. Blood pressure dramatically affects the rate at which the condition progresses. Indeed, even a gentle increase in blood pressure can rapidly aggravate a kidney infection. Four approaches to bring down your blood pressure are:

  1. Shedding pounds
  2. Eating less salt
  3. Maintaining a strategic distance from liquor and tobacco
  4. Exercising regularly

A low-protein diet can decrease the amount of lost protein in the urine and increase the protein levels in the blood. Never begin a low-protein diet without talking to a physician.

3955 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I'm having pimples scars on my back. They didn't cause any type itching and I'm having lot of black heads on my back and on my face. I'm having pimples and scars also on my face.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.

In winter I take steam on my face and after that I scrub my face and washed with lukewarm water and applied Nivea cream .After days I got lots of black and white heads on my nose and cheeks and my skin is getting dry. (1) As steaming open the pores how to I close them after that.(2) I want to know is it right to do scrub after steaming.(3) lastly how to remove the black and white heads. Should I do or stop the steaming of my face.

Dermatologist, Chennai
Blackheads, Acne or pimples. Due to hormonal changes. Oily skin causes it. Common in adolescent age. May occur in adults also. Food like Oily foods, ice cream, chocolate and sweets increase it. Treatment depends on the grade of pimples or acne. So, please send photos by direct online consultation as it's a must to see which grade of pimples or acne for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
1 person found this helpful

I was really fair at my teenage before 15 nowadays I look dull, oily face and suffering from tiny face holes, what should I do?

Dermatologist, Chennai
Undergo glutathione therapy. Otherwise, few creams also available. Contact me by direct online consultation for treatment.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Treatment Of Acne!
Benzoyl Peroxide is the treatment of choice for mild acne (whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples).
Play video
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne. It is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
Play video
All About Acne
Know the causes and treatment for your acne

Hi this is Dr. Chavi Bansal and I am practicing homeopathy at Home Mutual Normal Homeopathy in Pitampura. Let us have a brief discussion about acne.

Acne is one of the most commonly seen skin diseases especially in young individuals and teenagers. It can manifest from blackheads or whiteheads to pustule and to reduce depending on its severity it is more common in young individuals or teenagers because the hormonal changes occurring during puberty which leads to much secretion of oil at the end this all gets clot into the pores into the skin which leads to secondary infection but this hormonal changes does not occur only during puberty.

They can also happen during pregnancy or because of prolonged use of contraceptives or in certain other conditions as well but it is not the case that it happens only because of the hormonal changes it can also develop because of certain triggering factors like much intake of oily food, poor food or lifestyle. Very much stress and polluted or unhealthy environment as well this acne does not only manifest physically, acne has also been found to produce deeper impact individuals leading to much other symptoms like prolong stress.

It has been found that many of the teenagers go into depression they have a tendency to develop low confidence as they feel embarrassed and they don't then. They go into the favor for isolation and so the treatment should also be targeted toward treating the condition in a deep way only coming to the home with. The treatment of acne homeopathic treatment is the most strongly suggestive treatment for acne not because it controls the oil secretion. But because it addresses the basic constitutional tendency to develop acne. It controls the hormonal imbalances and it also controls the secondary infections it is very well known to everyone that homeopathy produces the best results in the cases of acne and it is not the case that take very long intervals to get better.

It just depends on the Intensity Severity in the duration of your symptoms that how long it will take for the treatment to cure you completely as well in any other query related to acne feel free to consult me through Lybrate.
Play video
Know More About Acne
Acne - Do's and don'ts

Hi, I m Dr. Bela, and residing in Punjabi Bagh, and practicing in Punjabi Bagh, and I m here to talk about Acne.

Acne seems to be the present concern about everybody, and everybody has once or the, sometime or the other suffered from acne. So let s discuss why acne occur. Generally what happens is that the acne may be because of the hormones, or because of genetics, or it could be because of the dust and pollution that we expose our bodies to, our face and our upper body to. These are the primary areas where the acne you would see, the acne would occur primarily on the face as well as in the back of the, on your upper back, as well as the upper arms. These are because the sebaceous glands are most mostly present here, and mostly active there.

So hormone, if your hormones are a little topsy-turvy, or genetically you are blessed with parents who had acne because of oily skin, or because or your dirt, the acne would occur. There would be a clogging on the sebaceous glands, because of the sebum that is being produced, or because of the dust that comes on, or because of the cosmetics that you apply, and then the sebum would start accumulating under the skin, and that would develop a little bit of bacteria that would develop pus or a cyst, and therefore you have this kind of acne. It may start with a blackhead or a whitehead, that s the open or closed acne, or it may develop into pustular and cystic acne. So we call that the inflammatory acne and the non-inflammatory acne. We can treat that completely through homeopathy. We have wonderful medicines that would clear your skin completely. You would have a nice healthy skin.

The general do s and don ts that one could do for acne is what I can describe right now. You should be washing your face about three to four times a day, specially with the facewash that suits your skin, so it could be, just check it out if it s a dry kind of skin, pick up a, pick up a face wash for dry skin, and if it s a oily or normal skin, pick up a facewash for oily skin or normal skin. For a very very acne prone acne, acne prone skin, you can pick up something which has salicylic acid, look out for that, or look out for creams which have either antibacterial, if they re very pustular, or look out for creams that would sort of, put your sebum down, oil content down, which would be something which has isotretinoin, like retinol a.

Having said that, eat healthy, exercise, but remember not to let the sweat be there on the face or on the upper body too long. So after you exercise, make sure that you are washing your face, so that the clogging does not occur because of the sweat being there. Also if the upper back is involved, or the upper arms are involved, I would recommend having a bath twice a day, so that we are removing the sebum periodically, so that there is no much of, not much of clogging there. Another point that I would like to tell is that by exercising make sure that you have your hair up, even when you re getting your hair styles done, make sure that your hair is not falling on your forehead, things are not touching in your cheeks, so that the hair products that you re using should not be blocked and clogging your pores at all. Always remember to wear k=loose kind of t-shirts and lose tracks for your exercise, so that again, the sweat does not stay on your body, on your face.

And lastly, which is very important, is that you should try some kind of taking less stress, so go for something like meditation, which would really cool you, calm you, and your skin would have that internal glow. And if you want any kind of medication, you can come to us at Dr. Bela s Clinic, through Lybrate. Or you can come to use directly, we are at Punjabi Bagh, West. Thank you. Acne - Do's and don'ts
Play video
Know more about Acne
Causes, symptoms and preventive measures for Acne

Hi I am Dr Rohit Goyal. I am Ayurvedic skin specialist. Today I will discuss about acne.

Acne is a very common skin disorder in adults. Basically acne is an inflammatory disease due to excessive secretion of oil. It's an inflammatory pills biases gland disorder. Usually acne affects face, but also affects shoulders necks and backs. Commonly starts with mini papules blackheads whiteheads How to convert it into nodules cysts permanent scars.

Today I will give you some tips about how to prevent acne?

Drink a lot of water. Water helps to detoxify your blood to excrete urine.
Don't touch or pinch your pimples again and again.
Don't wash your face more than 2 times a day. Because dry and oily both type of skins are prone for acne.
You can also take green tea and antioxidant probiotics also help to improve acne.
Don't take excessive antibiotics. And isotretinoin and derivatives for preventing acne. Because it also helps to prevent acne but also affects your liver and kidney.
So I will give you some tips how to treat acne.

You can use tea tree oil or clove oil in 1% 2% concentration For local application and
also use Neem chirayata Tulsi In form of capsules powders And decoctions
also use Some vitamins like vitamin A Vitamin E Omega 3 fatty acids Primrose oil Primrose capsules also prevent acne
Don't use excessive cosmetic on face.
Use moisturizer every time after wash and
if you are constipated please remove your constipation through a lot of liquid.
Drink hot milk in night time.
Take Triphala.
So this is it. If you want to consult me this topic and other diseases. You can consult me on lybrate or Ayur Skin Clinic. Thank you for watching.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice