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Cosmetic Surgery: Purpose, Procedure, Benefits and Side Effects

Last Updated: Jul 06, 2023

What is Cosmetic Surgery?

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Since time immemorial, people have wished to gain a beautiful body and have done many things to retain the beauty of their physical features. After the advancement of science, people are experimenting with their looks and want to improve their physical attributes.

When someone opts to undergo a surgery or invasive medical intervention to alter their physical attributes for aesthetic instead of medical purposes, this is known as cosmetic surgery. Dermal fillers and other non-surgical facial treatments like Botox, which are frequently used to smooth out or reduce wrinkles, just aren't surgical.

Cosmetic surgery aims to boost people's personality, self-esteem, and physical features. Any area of the body and the face can have cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic Surgery has become quite a hot trend these days and people from across the world are going under the knife to enhance their looks and accentuate their physical features.

Types of Cosmetic Surgery

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There are a number of cosmetic procedures depending upon the body part

Cosmetic Surgery For the face

  • Botox- Botox injections block certain chemical signals from nerves, mostly signals that cause muscles to contract. The most common use of these injections is to temporarily relax the facial muscles that cause wrinkles in the forehead and around the eyes
  • Cheek lift - Peeling agents Scars, discolored skin, and wrinkles are all commonly treated with chemical peels on the face. They can be carried out independently or alongside other cosmetic operations. They can also be carried out at various depths, ranging from light to deep.
  • Cosmetic dentistry - Cosmetic dental operations often address tooth alignment, shape, and color. They are largely unnecessary. In the United Arab Emirates, bleaching or tooth whitening, alignment, and veneers are the most popular operations.
  • Dermabrasion - Dermabrasion can reduce the occurrence of fine facial lines and improve the visibility of several skin imperfections, such as aging skin, wrinkles, skin conditions, and surgical scars.
  • Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) - A procedure known as blepharoplasty involves removing extra skin from the eyelids. Eyelids stretch as we age and the muscles that sustain them degrade. Because of this, extra skin and fat may accumulate both above and beneath your eyelids. This may result in droopy upper lids, drooping brows, and sacks beneath the eyes.
  • Face Lift - A face-lift is a surgical cosmetic operation to give the face a youthful appearance. Skin sagging can be reduced by the technique. Additionally, it can aid in reducing skin wrinkles along the chin and cheekbones. A rhytidectomy is another name for a facelift.facial sculpting
  • Facial Fillers - Injected into the skin, facial fillers smooth out wrinkles and hide their appearance. A face filler injection often takes place as an outpatient surgery under anesthesia.
  • Laser Hair Removal - A focused light beam (laser) is used in the medical treatment of hair removal by laser to eliminate undesirable hair. The pigment (melanin) in the hair absorbs the laser light that is emitted during laser hair removal.The light energy is transformed into heat, which harms the skin's hair-producing follicles, which are tube-shaped sacs. Future hair development is inhibited or delayed by this injury.
  • Resurfacing with laser - A facial aesthetic surgery called laser resurfacing employs a laser to enhance the appearance of the skin or address minor facial imperfections.
  • Neck Lift - A neck lift is a cosmetic treatment that slims the area around your jaw line by removing extra skin and fat, giving your neck a more distinct and fresh look. Long-lasting results are possible, although neck lift surgery cannot reverse the effects of aging.
  • Otoplasty (ear surgery) - The goal of otoplasty, commonly referred to as cosmetic ear surgery, is to alter the size, location, or shape of the ears. If the size of your ears bothers you, you might decide to have otoplasty surgery. If your ear or ears are deformed as a result of an accident or a birth defect, you may also want to think about otoplasty.
  • Rhinoplasty (nose surgery) - Changing the form of the nose through surgery is known as rhinoplasty (RIE-no-plas-tee). The purpose of rhinoplasty may be to enhance respiration, alter the appearance of the nose, or both.

Cosmetic Surgery For the body

  • Belly reduction (tummy tuck) - A stomach tuck, sometimes referred to as an abdominoplasty, is a cosmetic surgical operation to change the way the abdomen looks and feels.
  • Arm Lift - An arm lift is a cosmetic surgical operation to enhance the look of your upper arms' undersides.
  • Liposuction- A surgical operation called liposuction employs a suction technique to remove fat from particular body parts, such as the belly, hips, thighs, buttocks, arms, or neck. Additionally, liposuction contours (shapes) these areas. Liposuction is also known as lipoplasty and body sculpting.
  • Breast augmentation - Breast augmentation, sometimes referred to as augmentation mammoplasty, is a surgical procedure to enlarge the breasts. Under breast tissue or chest muscles, breast implants are inserted.
  • Breast Lift - An operation called a breast lift is carried out by a plastic surgeon to alter the shape of the breasts. A plastic surgeon raises the breasts by removing extra skin and reshaping the breast tissue during a breast lift. The term 'mastopexy' also refers to a breast lift.
  • Surgery to reduce breast size - Breast reduction surgery, commonly referred to as reduction mammaplasty, involves the removal of breast skin, breast tissue, and fat. Breast reduction surgery can reduce discomfort and enhance look for persons who have large breasts.
  • Buttock lift (belt lipectomy) - A buttock lift is a cosmetic procedure to enhance the buttocks' appearance. It might be performed alongside a tummy tuck. The buttocks, groyne, thighs, and abdomen may also be contoured as part of a lower body lift.
  • Laser hair removal - Laser hair removal for the body is exactly the same procedure. In this a laser beam is used to remove undesirable hair from the body. People who have excessive hair growth on their body usually opt for this procedure. This process removed the hair from the root and prevents the reoccurrence of these hair. This method is widely used and is trusted by a lot of patients and doctors. The plus point is that it's painless procedure helps people to avoid the pain of waxing and other methods of hair removal which cause skin infections. This method is relatively safer and easier.


Benefits of Cosmetic Surgery

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Numerous health advantages of cosmetic surgery might enhance your quality of life and transform you into a joyful, stronger individual.

Betterment of mental health
Cosmetic surgery can be a powerful tool for boosting confidence and self-worth. Everybody has aspects of themselves that they dislike, whether it be a misaligned nose, excess belly fat, or sagging eyelids brought on by aging.

Since these 'issues' aren't accepted as normal in our culture, they might make us feel naggingly sad and make it impossible for us to live up to the high expectations placed on looks. Several of these anxieties can be resolved through cosmetic surgery.

That could make people feel more relaxed around others, boost their self-confidence and self-esteem, and increase their overall pleasure. A happy, fulfilled existence requires a lot of effort to develop; cosmetic surgery isn't a panacea for joy and won't solve other aspects of one's existence that may require additional care.

Instead, cosmetic surgery may be able to help you get rid of the upsetting, never-ending insecurity which has been causing you depression and anxiety..

Improved sleep
Nasal congestion, allergies, sleep apnea, asthma, snoring, and tooth decay are just a few health problems that can result from nasal obstruction caused by deformities or damage to the nose.

Rhinoplasty is a type of cosmetic procedure which involves repairing and reshaping of the nose. This can cause insomnia, lessen snoring, and lessen issues with sleep apnea. Of course, if you merely want a nose job for cosmetic reasons, you might not experience these specific advantages but might have a boost in self-esteem.

Better vision
Our eyelids might droop down as individuals age due to the eyelid muscle stretching; this is referred to as ptosis. As a result, it may be more challenging for people to have a clear vision as their eyes may get exceedingly dry or moist, and they may appear perpetually exhausted, which may lower their confidence.

These issues can sometimes be resolved by cosmetic surgery called blepharoplasty. In addition to opening up your eyes to increase vision, this can help you appear younger and more active by removing extra muscle, skin, or fat.

Less neck and back discomfort
Reduction mammaplasty can alleviate the debilitating neck and backache that big breasts can bring on (also known as breast reduction surgery). Much like other types of cosmetic surgery, it can improve your self-esteem and psychological health and end up making exercising simpler.

Less headaches
Severe migraines can be treated with Botox injections. By preventing pain-carrying neurons from hitting the nerve terminals in the neck and head doctors think they can help lessen the severity of headaches. This can significantly enhance the life quality for people with migraine

Less back discomfort after delivery
Lower back strain brought on by pregnancy may result in backaches after delivery. By reducing strain on the spine and abdomen muscles, which helps to balance the core, a stomach tuck, commonly known as an abdominoplasty, may help to ease this pain. The new mother's life's quality is as a result of this.

Why is Cosmetic Surgery done?

The cost of cosmetic surgery in India is between 25,000 to 2,50,000.The protection, preservation, or enhancement of someone's physical attributes using medical and surgical procedures. is the focus of cosmetic surgery.

Exploring the numerous variables both internal and external that influence people to have cosmetic surgery is becoming more important as a result of the rising popularity, availability, and advancement of cosmetic surgery in modern civilization.

Cosmetic surgery has become safer and less intrusive thanks to technology, and the cost of treatments has also decreased.As a result, people are now less reluctant and more open to the idea of considering cosmetic surgery as a potential means of changing the physical look.

What are the risks of Cosmetics Surgery?

It's crucial to grasp exactly what will take place prior to, during, and following the operation as well as what outcomes to anticipate. While some physical traits are changeable, others cannot, there are plenty that can.

Your likelihood of being happy with the outcomes increases with the realism of your anticipation. Obey the dietary restrictions; most beauty treatments prohibit drinking or eating after midnight. Try to quit smoking well before your procedure.

Nicotine can make you feel nauseous, make your lungs more uncomfortable during operation, and delay your recuperation. The evening prior to the operation, prepare the bag. Tell your doctor about any medications you are taking or plan to take throughout your recovery. Vitamins, minerals and herbs can interact with medications.

  • Obey the dietary restrictions; most cosmetic procedures prohibit eating or drinking after midnight.
  • Any additional goods that you possibly require, should be brought.
  • The evening before operation, take all credit cards and valuables out of your pocket or purse.
  • Wearing jewelry the morning of the operation is not advised.
  • Carry a box to store any necessary spectacles or corrective lenses.
  • Dress comfortably so you can leave the operation.
  • Bring the insurance card, a living will, or paperwork proving healthcare power of attorney.

Prior to the operation, ask these question to your doctor

  • What are the possible side effects and hazards of this procedure?
  • How much time is required for recovery?
  • Can I anticipate a lot of pain? What choices do I have for managing my pain?
  • Would I have any marks, and what do they appear like if I do?
  • How soon will the stitches be dissolved if I need them after my operation?
  • What types of activity limitations will I face after surgery?
  • How soon can I resume my usual activities?
  • How long till I see my surgery's full results?
  • How long will the outcomes be valid?
  • What is the cost of the process?

How is Cosmetic Surgery done?

Before the procedure

Your doctor will describe the potential effects of cosmetic surgery on the health and what to anticipate. This is your chance to discuss the goals you have for the procedure. You can choose wisely if you are aware of your alternatives and also the potential results.

The specific methods, what to anticipate, the advantages, the dangers, any consequences, and other options will all be explained to you. To improve your overall outcome, the surgeon can advise additional operations.

A description of asymmetry would be given. The asymmetry of the human body refers to how one side of the body typically differs from the other side.

During the procedure

Local anesthesia or IV (intravenous) medication is required for cosmetic surgery treatments, which are carried out in a hospital setting under the supervision of an anesthesiologist and nurse anesthetist team.

Other procedures, such as face filler injections, may be carried out under local anesthetic in an outpatient environment or a doctor's office. You will meet with the doctor (or a representative of the medical staff) yet another time before the operation to ask some last queries.

After the procedure

During your rehabilitation, you can go through a brief phase of 'the blues' or depression. Feelings of frustration and dissatisfaction may be exacerbated by hastily assessing the outcomes of the operation or by delaying your return to normal activities.

The trick is to have anticipations; progress, not perfection, is the objective. Everybody will experience a different outcome. Don't forget that: Swelling and bruising are transient. Surgical scars last a lifetime.

Recovery timeframes vary depending on the patient and the surgery, but so many cosmetic surgeries require a minimum of two to three months. You could require more operations to reach your objectives.

After the procedure

During your rehabilitation, you can go through a brief phase of 'the blues' or depression. Feelings of frustration and dissatisfaction may be exacerbated by hastily assessing the outcomes of the operation or by delaying your return to normal activities.

The trick is to have anticipations; progress, not perfection, is the objective. Everybody will experience a different outcome. Don't forget that: Swelling and bruising are transient. Surgical scars last a lifetime.

Recovery timeframes vary depending on the patient and the surgery, but so many cosmetic surgeries require a minimum of two to three months. You could require more operations to reach your objectives.

What to do after Cosmetic Surgery?

  • Take care of your wounds, control swelling, and maintain regular skin care for optimal results. Taking care of the skin after cosmetic operations is more difficult than taking good care of it following less medical interventions.
  • Regular application of ice or cold compresses, particularly in the first three days following surgery, is advised by specialists to reduce swelling.
  • Avoiding a rise in edema overnight can also be accomplished by resting with your face raised over your chest.
  • A herbal medicine called Arnica montana, which may assist to lessen bleeding or discolouration, may be prescribed by your doctor if you experience bruises.
  • Even though your face will hurt after cosmetic surgery, it's crucial to keep your skin clean on a daily basis to promote healing and prevent clogging of your pores, which could result in breakouts.
  • To gently clean sensitive areas without exerting pressure, try using mild astringent wipes. Apply a soft moisturizer that isn't comedogenic after that.

What to eat after Cosmetic Surgery?

For a quick recovery and lovely results after plastic surgery, the initial days are crucial. Patients are frequently startled to find that they must pay particular attention to their nutrition in addition to wearing surgical tubes and clothes and getting lots of rest.

Vitamins and minerals included in healthy diets including fruits, vegetables, and lean meats can help lessen bruises, edema, and scars. In the days following their cosmetic procedures, patients who eat a healthy diet recover more quickly and easily compared to those whose diets are heavy in extremely processed foods.

After the surgery, you are advised to avoid sodium-rich foods, alcohol, sugar and smoking.

Is Cosmetic Surgery safe?

Most of the time, the answer is yes; nonetheless, every cosmetic surgical operation carries some level of risk. Before operation, a thorough evaluation of your current health and medical history is performed. Before surgery, you are properly informed of any hazards, no matter how distant.

Is Cosmetic Surgery painful?

We are committed to preserving your comfort level at every stage of the procedure since we realize that having surgery may make anyone a bit nervous. During your appointment, our experts will go through and address any issues or questions you may have concerning your procedure.

At our surgery center, we take pain management very seriously. We make every effort to explain the surgery, the healing process, and what to anticipate both before and after the treatment. Your sense of pain and what you will feel might be influenced by a number of things, including:

  • The kind of operation being carried out
  • Your previous pain experiences
  • Using anesthesia

How long does it take to recover from Cosmetic Surgery?

Talking of marks, cosmetic surgeons are skilled at healing wounds, and the majority of cuts used in cosmetic surgery are designed to be as undetectable as possible. However, patients should expect their scars to disappear over the course of a year because scar sites require time to recover.

What are the side effects of Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery complications are a serious concern that must not be disregarded. Due to technological advancements, this is still extremely unusual.

  • A facelift may result in irreversible nerve injury that paralyzes the face. This is unquestionably a tragic outcome that has to be considered before having surgery.
  • You should also be aware that the recuperation period following surgery can last a considerable amount of time. Depending on the operation, this phase may last up to 2 or 3 weeks.
  • Additionally, pain is felt during the healing process, which might lead to some people being dependent on painkillers after surgery.
  • One drawback of cosmetic surgery is that it can occasionally take some time for you to get used to the new alterations in your looks.

However you can avoid the risks and side effects of Cosmetic Surgery if you consult Pristyn Care. We assure that your surgery goes smoothly and without any inconvenience. Our trained and certified surgeons will offer you the best surgical experience with their professional capabilities.

Cosmetic Surgery Aftercare

Your body needs time to heal from surgery, sometimes known as 'downtime.' A highly specific set of recommendations and directions will be provided to you by your board-certified cosmetic surgeon in order to achieve the safest recovery and best possible outcome.

It's critical to understand that everyone recovers at a different rate and requires a different period of time. You'll have to practise patience and moderation even during the healing stage of your journey.

You'll need to make decisions on where you'll heal and who will help you (you can't do it all by yourself!). It's crucial that you adhere to all of your surgeon's patient care tips, visit them for all booked follow-up sessions, and phone them at any time you have questions.


Cosmetic Surgery is no less than a boon for people who wish to alter their looks and attain more confidence. It’s the best scientific gift people could ask for. The major thing about the procedure is the complexity involved and the proficiency of the surgeon which leads to better results.

Going for a cosmetic surgery is the most crucial decision one can make. Before making a firm decision, there are some crucial things concerning cosmetic surgery that you need to be aware of.

You should also conduct in-depth study so that you are informed with the specifics of the surgery you want to have. Visit our other educational postings as well. Our website attempts to educate visitors about cosmetic and plastic surgery.

If you are looking for a trusted and reliable cosmetic surgery procedure, then do contact Pristyn Care, we will provide you the best in-house surgery services that you would like to go. Do visit our website and contact us for any medical help. We will be pleased to help you out.


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Written ByDr. Ashish DavalbhaktaMBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery,FRCS (UK),FRCS,MS General Surgery,Mch (Plastic Surgery)Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery
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