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Cosmetic Surgery - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

“Prevention is better than cure”- this proverb aptly defines the benefits of having a health check-up. Medical problems, if any, would be detected early if health check-up is done on a regular basis. Chances of treatment and cure are always better when caught early. It is a step forward to a better, healthier and longer living. With the fast lifestyle that today’s people lead topped with global warming and pollution all around, it is quite natural to get infected or diagnosed with a disease. It is advisable to undergo an annual health check-up, or routine tests to keep a tab on your health issues. Along with these tests, your family history, your routine activities and food habits will be taken note of by the physician. Sugar, pressure level, sodium potassium are some of the necessary tests. The patient’s age, weight, height is recorded. There are special tests to detect cancer, AIDS/HIV and Viral Hepatitis. A good doctor would always be thorough, and he would lend an ear to your concerns and provide solutions or counselling for your needs. Heart examination is a vital part of a health check-up. Other organs and body parts are also examined like lungs, kidneys, neck and head, and neurological, abdominal, dermatological as well as extremities exams are done. Women health check-up differs from a male check-up. Testicle, penis and hernia are some of the male tests while breast and pelvic are the exams for women. There are health packages available at every health centre in the country. The basic one includes haemogram, kidney function test, lipid profile, routine biochemical parameters, liver function test, general test and further consultation. The whole body package includes all the tests from the basic package plus echocardiogram, cardiac stress analysis, diet counselling and pulmonary function test.

How is the treatment done?

Health check-up is not a treatment but rather a step towards it. Examinations and screenings can be done as part of the check-up. The day before the test you should be on an empty stomach with 2-3 glasses of plain water, carry urine or stool in a sterilised container provided by the health centre. Your doctor would gather several pieces of information before he/she begins further checking. The doctor would use a stethoscope to listen to your heartbeat, and then if he finds irregular beating or a heart murmur, then further tests would be prescribed. For your lungs, the doctor would also use the stethoscope to listen to wheezes or crackle. He would ask you to open your mouth to check the tonsils and throat. Ears, nose, lymph nodes, sinuses, carotid arteries and thyroid, are also to be examined. Nerves, reflexes, muscle strength are stressed during a health check to check your neurological stability. Tapping on the abdomen will let the physician aware of the size of your liver and the presence of gastric fluids. Skin and nail findings help in checking the dermatology part while pulses of your arms and legs, visual changes are some of the other things that the doctor would look. Note, do not wear deodorant or perfume if you are going for a breast check-up.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

There is no fixed time for a health check-up. The earlier you decide, the better for you. Since it is not a treatment, it is in your hands to undergo a check-up once in a while. It is for you to take up the initiative and visit a healthcare. Facilities of health check-up are there in almost all medical care centre. You need to make an appointment and visit the doctor. The doctor would do the initial check-up and prescribe some laboratory examinations and screenings. If the physician detects some other issue which needs immediate attention, then the doctor would begin its treatment separately.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There is no specification for the eligibility of who can undergo this treatment. It is for anyone and everyone. People who are not much health conscious delay the visit, or sometimes never visit the health care until some serious ailment arises which should be avoided. A health check-up is a must for all ages.

Are there any side effects?

There are no side-effects associated with a health check-up. These are just basic examinations conducted without the involvement of any invasive procedure. Care will be exercised by the health care centre to use fresh needles and sterilised medical equipment to avoid infection. Hence, there is no need to have a concern in this regard. Altogether, there can be only positive outcomes from a routine health check-up. However, the need for tests like mammogram can be assessed before taking one.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The health check-up is a routine examination, and the patients tend to improve if anything serious arises, and they follow the doctor’s advice and instructions. Adhering to the guidelines prescribed by the physician is important. If the doctor finds a disease or an ailment, it is imperative to take measures to control it or to improve it via applicable treatment methods.

How long does it take to recover?

Health check-up is a rigorous evaluation and examination of a person’s health. It is not an ailment to have a recovery time. You can undergo a check once every month or once in three months or for an annual check-up. Your physician will be the right person to advise on the frequency and the types of screenings to be undertaken by you. There might not be any disruption in your routine expect for the few hours spent for the examination.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The consultation fees vary from one health care centre to another. Many centres have the health check-up packages which range from Rs.3000 to Rs.10000. Since it comes in packages, it is easier for you to choose the one you can afford or the one your doctor has prescribed for you.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the health check-up are permanent. It is the examination of the whole body. Thus, the results are always accurate unless there is a fault in the technician’s methods. And since the procedure helps to find the onset of any health issue, it would provide lifelong relief.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no other option to health check-up. Doctors from all over the world recommend a health check-up once a year at the least. It is a necessary initiative to be taken on your part for a longer and healthier life. Being aware and early detection is the key to a healthy and happy life!

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: RS. 3000 - Rs. 10,000

Popular Health Tips

Facial Cosmetic Surgery - Things To know Before You go For It!

Fellowship In Cosmetic Surgery, M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Facial Cosmetic Surgery - Things To know Before You go For It!

The various facial cosmetic surgeries, be in Rhinoplasty, the PRP or the different facelift surgeries (for cosmetic as well as for reconstructive purposes) have made life a lot simpler. Based on the latest and advanced technologies, most of the facial cosmetic surgeries are hassle-free, with a reduced risk of complications. From treating the acne scars to reducing the signs of aging (wrinkles, fine lines, eye bags, or saggy skin, to name a few), the facial surgeries have filled people with a new lease of confidence and positivity. They no longer have to hide their faces with the fear of being ridiculed or humiliated.

However, the facial surgeries may not always produce the desired results. There are few vital factors that should be taken into consideration before one opts for a facial cosmetic surgery.

  1. Know the credentials of your surgeon well: One wrong surgery (a botched surgery) can spell disaster for the rest of your life. Facial cosmetic surgeries require experience and precision. Most of the cosmetic surgeons undergo special training to master the surgical procedure. Research on your surgeon and the surgical procedure thoroughly before you take the plunge. Go through the reviews of other patients. Zero upon a surgeon only when you are fully satisfied and convinced about their credibility. Though a little expensive, it makes sense to opt for an experienced surgeon with a higher success rate. Most of the cosmetic surgeons are plastic surgeons who undergo special training to master the surgical procedure.
  2. Are you eligible for the surgery? Not all the people with the same problems can be treated identically. What works for one may not produce the desired result for another. Factors such as the nature and extent of the skin damage, age, as well as other medical problems (such as diabetes or heart problems which may interfere with the surgery triggering complications), should be extensively discussed with the surgeon before the surgery. Do not follow what the world is doing blindly. Go for a surgery that will work the best for you.
  3. Are you ready for the changes that the surgery will bring along? From dietary restrictions to lifestyle modifications, there will be changes post a facial cosmetic surgery. Some people find it difficult and suffocating to cope up with the changes. They long for the life they used to live. In extreme cases, people may even go into depression over this.
  4. A facial cosmetic surgery, no matter how advanced, comes with their share of pros and cons. In some cases, the demerit or complications can affect your life drastically. Thus, do not be impulsive in making your decision. Take your time. Understand the changes the surgery will bring along and if you are ready to embrace them.
  5. How well are you financially equipped for the surgery? The advanced facial cosmetic surgeries can leave a big hole in the pocket. Make sure you are financially prepared to go for the surgery.
  6. A facial surgery is an important decision of your life. Make sure your family and loved ones are informed about the same. You need their love and support the most.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3194 people found this helpful

Silhouette Face Lift - How It Can Help You

M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Nashik
Silhouette Face Lift - How It Can Help You

Did you know that you can get a face lift without invasive surgery? One of the latest advancements in cosmetic surgery is known as silhouette face lift or thread lift. This procedure uses fine threads to uplift sagging skin and add volume to the face and neck. So why go under the knife when you can get that perfect look with it?

In reality, a thread lift is not a new procedure. It originated in the late 1990s but lost its popularity by mid-2000. Its recent bounce back is due to new technology that makes the process quicker and relatively painless. The speed at which this procedure can be performed has also given rise to its nick name that is lunchtime lift. In most cases, all you need is just an hour or two to undergo this procedure. As compared to other cosmetic procedures such as dermal fillers, this procedure is much faster and has quicker results.

As the name suggests a thread lift uses fine absorbable sutures. These are typically made from biodegradable polymers. Before beginning the procedure, local anesthetic is injected into the area to be addressed. The threads are then inserted into the skin and passed through a specific path to lift problem areas. It is commonly used to address sagging skin in the cheeks, lips, neck and jowls. The thread is also attached to tiny cones that cause slight inflammation. This stimulates collagen production and helps increase volume naturally over time.

There may be slight swelling after the procedure but you may go back to work immediately. In some cases, a slight depression may appear at the insertion point but this should relieve itself within a few days. Some patients may also experience slight bruising and discomfort in the area where the thread was inserted. Applying a cold pack and sleeping on a high pillow can help prevent such side effects. It is also important to avoid wearing make up for at least 24 hours and to not rub the face aggressively for a minimum of 5 days after the procedure. Saunas and any kind of dental surgery should not be scheduled for at least 3 weeks after the procedure.

The results of a silhouette face lift can last for one to two years. The cones attached to the thread will stimulate collagen production even after the procedure, ensuring that the results you see immediately after the procedure improve over the next few months. Surely, you would get a smooth toned skin that will enhance your looks and beauty with Silhouette face lift. But it is quite costly and you should make a decision in choosing the best treatment.

1872 people found this helpful

Silicone Cheek Implants - For A Fuller Looking Face!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
Silicone Cheek Implants - For A Fuller Looking Face!

Today is you don’t like something about the structure of your face, it is possible to change it with cosmetic surgery. People who have long, narrow faces or those who have undergone a traumatic accident which disfigured their face can opt for cheek implants to give their face a fuller, more symmetric appearance. Some people may also choose to have cheek implants if they feel their cheeks are too flat.

Cheek implants are of two types. The doctor may either transfer fat from one part of your body to your cheeks or use synthetic materials such as polyethene or silicon. The procedure may be performed under local or general anaesthesia and usually takes about 45 minutes. The surgeon will first make an incision in either your upper lip or lower eyelid. A pocket is then formed into which the implant is inserted. Stitches and metal screws may also be used to help the muscles support the implant. Finally, the incision is closed with stitches. In case, the cheek implant is part of a larger procedure such as a facelift or forehead lift, the implants may be inserted through incisions made for these procedures.

After the procedure, you will experience temporary bruising and swelling for a few days. You may also have mild discomfort or pain and feel as though your cheeks are numb. A liquid diet is usually advised for the first 2-3 days after the surgery to allow the cheek muscles to heal. You should be able to resume your normal lifestyle within a week but it may take more than a month for the swelling to subside completely and the results of the surgery to become noticeable.

As with any other surgical procedure, cheek implants also have their own risks. Some potential complications of the surgery include bleeding and infection, changes in sensation levels, damage to the bone and ligaments, scarring, allergic reactions and accumulation of blood under the skin.

The effects of a silicone cheek implant are permanent and will last a lifetime. However, in rare cases of complications, the implant may get infected and need to be removed. The contours of the face may also change is the implant shifts from its position. In rare cases, an accident may also cause the implant to extrude out of the face. Hence, it is important to maintain a relationship with your cosmetic surgeon and maintain all appointments for follow-up checks.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3310 people found this helpful

Breast Implants - How Safe They Are?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Navi Mumbai
Breast Implants - How Safe They Are?

Cosmetic surgery is something that has become very popular in today’s world. As a matter of fact, the most common type of cosmetic surgery performed happens to be breast implantation. This is proven by the fact that the number of people signing up for this sort of surgery has trebled over the past two decades. That being said, many people have concerns about how safe breast implants are. So, getting to the crux of the matter, how safe are they?

In order to answer this question, it is helpful to understand what exactly an implant is. A breast implant is made of silicone and there may be either silicone gel or saline water contained inside the silicone envelope. One of the biggest fears when it comes to breast implants is that of a rupture. While it is true that this is not a circumstance to look forward to, it is not fatal and something which can negatively affect the body prior to detection. In fact, for quite some time, it may not even be noticed!

If a person has saline breast implants and there is a rupture, it is harmless as the salt water which escapes gets absorbed by the body. On the other hand, when the same happens with breast implants containing silicone gel, the gel can get distributed beyond the breast. While this is not a comfortable thought, research over the course of many years has not shown a link between the two.

Prior to 1976, which was the year in which the FDA required certain standards of implants, there was a risk. Ever since then, there has been tight regulation and one need not be unduly worried about unsafe implants being sold.

Understanding The Procedure
When the surgery first takes place, precautions have to be taken so as to reduce the risk of infection. A little care can go a long way in making sure everything goes according to plan. The process involves making an incision in an inconspicuous area of your breast and inserting the implant in a pocket either under the pectoral muscle or behind the breast tissue (over the pectoral muscle). The entire surgery involves either intravenous sedation or general anaesthesia, depending on your doctor’s recommendation. Sometimes, it may be so that a woman needs to have repeated procedures or corrections to make sure that everything is just right. Some discomfort can be caused by scar tissue and this can also lead to the breast becoming misshapen.

While all implants do break over time, most of good quality should last over a decade. Many people believe breast implants can cause cancer but that is really not true. However, they can interfere with detecting mammary cancer quickly and effectively. As long as the medical care is proper, there is almost nothing to fear!

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2803 people found this helpful

Breast Implants - Things You Must Consider!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DNB, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Breast Implants - Things You Must Consider!

One of the leading types of cosmetic surgery in the world is breast augmentation through implants. These implants are prosthetic inserts which are put into your breasts surgically to enhance the look, shape, feel, size, and balance in your body. Although these are primarily used for cosmetic purposes, they may also be used for reconstructive surgery after an accident or after mastectomy (breast removal surgery).

Types of breast implants
There are primarily two types of breast implants: Silicone and saline. The sacs that contain both forms of implants remain the same. The sac holding the material in both the cases is made out of silicone. The two primary types are explained below

  1. Saline implants: As the name states, saline implants are sacs filled with saline water. In the case of saline implants, the sacs are inserted into the breast through an incision. After the sacs are put inside the breast, they are filled with saline water and once the desired shape, contour, and size are achieved, the implants are sealed off and the incision is closed.
  2. Silicone implants: In this type of implant, the sac is pre-filled with silicone gel. This option is considered to have a more natural look and feel as it resembles human fat. The size of the implants however has to be decided beforehand. The doctor will make an incision on the underside of the breast, where the crease lies and then insert the implant into the breast. The incision is then closed and after healing, the scar will be hidden under the crease of the breast.

Considerations before surgery
1. Complications 
This form of cosmetic surgery is one of the most commonly performed around the world. However, there could be a few complications that can arise after the surgery –

  1. Infection after surgery
  2. After surgery, scar tissue formation may cause the shape of the tissue to change
  3. The implants may leak or rupture
  4. Pain in the breasts
  5. Change in the breast sensations and the nipples (although in most cases this temporary)

2. Other considerations post surgery
Some of the other considerations that you might have to consider before surgery would be –

  1. Breastfeeding: While some women have stated that they were able to breast feed successfully after an implant, others have reported problems. Thus you may need to talk to your doctor about this especially if you want to have children post surgery.
  2. Complications in getting a mammogramMammograms to check for breast cancer and growths in the tissue may become complicated as the implant will block a straight view. However, pictures from other angles can be taken.
  3. Getting breast implants won’t stop your breasts from sagging: If you have sagging breasts, then you will need to opt for a breast lift surgery instead of breast implants as implants won’t correct sagging.
  4. Breast implants may not last a life time: Breast implants may require to be changed after a few years as your body shape may change and you may gain or lose weight. Implants may even rupture or leak, resulting in the change of the breast shape and thus, may require corrective surgery again.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3775 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I've done surgery on my face in a small area and i've used melalite XL. So should I apply all my face or? Please tell me doctor didn't tell me properly so I ask you this.

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery(FMAS) & Reproductive Medicine, Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic surgery, Training in Laparoscopy
General Surgeon, Srinagar
Hello melalite oint is used for lightening dark spots n scars. It should be used only on the hyperpigmented area. It should be used at bed time and face washed in the morning. Avoid applying in morning as sun exposure after applying it may damage your skin. Regards.
1 person found this helpful

I want to go for lip reduction surgery of lower lip because it too large. Can I get to know the expenses of surgery. Thank you.

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon,
Hi, Lip reduction Surgery is a very good option for you. In the surgery, the inner fat of the Lip will be removed. Surgery takes about 2-3 hours and costs about 50,000/- bucks. Hospital stay is for 1 day only. I hope you have located a Surgeon for doing this. If you haven't then do let me know. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hello Dr. I have square shaped face I want to make it little thinner and ovl shape. How much this cosmetic surgery costs?

Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine
Dermatologist, Lucknow
Hi, treatment plan can only be adviced after examination and medical history. Heavy masseter muscles (facial muscles for mastication) might be a reason, botox injection in the masseter muscles, improves the overall aesthetics. There are other facial contouring are available which can be decided only after examination.
1 person found this helpful

Hii, I have a white patch on my leg below knee which is stable for any years. Now I want its complete removal either by cosmetic surgery or any other treatment before marriage. Only 1 year left for marriage please help.

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Mr. lybrate-user White patch if stable can be treated through surgery. You need to come for consultation first for proper analysis of the patch and then you can go for surgery.

Hello doctor, I am 16 years old boy my lips is too big (fatty lips) I want thinner lips tell me some exercise to get thinner lips quick.

Advanced Aesthetics, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Indore
Lip reduction or revision by surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgeries and we are the pioneers in central India since last 30 years. .Surgery may be the only answer. The surgery is almost painless because there are enough medications to keep the pain under control

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Approach For Opting Cosmetic Procedure
There are many people who compare their looks with others and this makes them feel that they should opt for cosmetic procedures. This should not be the case ideally.
Play video
Common Liposuction Myths Debunked

I am Dr Ashutosh Misra enhance clinics.

Today we will be talking about liposuction and clearing the myths about liposuction. Liposuction is a wonderful and a very safe procedure to get rid of your unwanted body fat. The most important thing to understand is who are the candidates for liposuction again liposuction is to get rid of unwanted fat, person maybe of their normal body mass index but may have some unwanted body fats say in face, arms, tummy or thighs. Now this unwanted fat is because of the high concentration of fat cells which are there in that particular area and this is something which is genetically determined and you cannot get rid of it through just exercise and diet. So liposuction helps to get rid of that excess fat in those particular areas, so we call it as liposuction as a body contouring surgery not as a weight reduction surgery, having said that liposuction also helps in weight reduction and that is the second part of the liposuction when you have a body mass index which is more than normal and you are suffering from obesity not to that extent but yes unwanted fat in the abdomen and all. For this, we do liposuction to decrease a large volume of fats say more than around 4-5 litres which we called as large volume liposuction and that helps to decrease the weight as well. So just removing the fat does not actually decrease your weight but post liposuction doing a good amount of exercise that we tell our patients and a diet program help you to decrease the weight over a period of say 3 months. Post liposuction, we have to wear certain special garments and for around 3 months because the best results comes around 3 months time and you have to talk to your doctor about it how to wear it and what are the things you have to take precaution. It is a very safe procedure but if done by an expert, so you have to choose your doctor well, that's the most important thing and you should have realistic expectation what a liposuction can do. Some people think fat comes out and the skin becomes loose, no liposuction is a wonderful procedure about that it also causes skin contraction, so the technique of the liposuction is very important as if how much skin has to go and what we actually need about it. If we feel there is an extra skin which cannot go even by liposuction then the procedure becomes either a mini tuck or a complete tummy tuck to get rid of your extra skin. It's a day care procedure come in the morning and go back home in the evening or if you want to stay if it is a larger procedure say more than 4 litres, you stay overnight in the hospital and then go back home the very next morning. The pressure garments are from the start of the surgery and for first one month almost most of the time of the day, after one month it is around 12 hours when you are in your daily exercise and normal routine you can take off your pressure garments after around in the night time when you are taking rest. The other myths about liposuction is people think that fat comes back, no, the number of fat cells in the body are constant after a certain, age at a very young age, it's only the size of fat that can increase or decrease, if it become obese or normal. So when we are taking out the number of fat cells, the numbers of fat cells do not increase in body. It may only increase in their size or decrease in the size and that can be control with the help of diet. So once you get a good body shape once you get a good body shape than that shape won't be distorted but if you become obese gain weight later on the shape will remain the same but it will be you become more wide or more narrow. So, that is what a liposuction does.

Thank you.
Play video
Cosmetic Vaginal Surgeries
I am Dr Arpana Jain, senior gynecologist, attached with Fortis hospital Delhi.

Today we are discussing about cosmetic surgery related to vagina i.e., cosmetic vaginal surgeries. Because of increasing awareness and self-realization of the body, this surgery is in great demand. There are various procedures which we can do To improve the cosmetic problem related to vagina portion. One is vaginoplasty when the vagina lacks because of repeated childbirth, the vagina becomes very loose, and there is decreased sexual pleasure. To increase that, the vaginal uterus can be reduced with surgery, and other is labiality. It is basically the term for labia minora because the inner lip of labia which is very large because of that there is difficulty in walking and there can be difficulty in sexual relation also it leads to a lot of problems, and cosmetically it is also not good. The surgery can be done to reduce the size of this lip. And the other is hymenoplasty, this is a thin membrane over the vagina and after relation it is broken, to repair that membrane and to make the woman virgin again the hymen membrane can be stitched again to make woman virgin. Another point is labia major augmentation. Sometimes it is the outer lip of vulva, which is very thin which is cosmetically not very good, so it can be augmented with putting the backup fat below this to make it beautiful. Another is vulvar lipoclastic. When it is very thick, the labia is very thick, it is very full of backup fats sometimes it becomes very bad looking so it can be reduced by liposuction. Another is G point augmentation, and clitoral hood reduction, sometimes there is long skin layer on G point, it can be reduced the clitoral hood which can be reduced and these two surgeries G point augmentation and clitoral hood reduction is basically to improve the sexual desire. These cosmetic surgeries are increasing day by day to improve the sexual desire and pleasure and because of the cosmetic region, we are doing this which is really really fine.

Thank you so much and if you have any query or if you want to contact me you can come down to my office or you can take appointment through lybrate. Thank you so much.
Play video
Most Common Accidents in the Home
Why cosmetic surgery is necessary for household injuries?
Play video
Cosmetic Surgery for Post-Massive Weight Loss
Body Contouring Post Massive Weight Loss
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice