Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Chemical Peels - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Applying Chemical Peels is a treatment done to make the skin’s appearance better, smoother and softer. Where the skin is constantly exposed to direct sunlight and becomes dry or if wrinkles start forming due to normal aging process also Chemical Peels can be applied and the skin restored to a much better condition. Some persons also use the Chemical Peels to treat specific conditions like acne or scars on the skin. While acne can be treated, the scars may not disappear completely, but there will definitely be an improvement in the skin quality and the difference will show. The use of Chemical peels is usually seen on the face, the neck, and the hands mostly. These are the areas normally exposed to the sun as well. The Peels once applied may form blisters on the surface, but will peel off automatically. As the name itself suggests, it is made of certain chemicals and there are different types people can find and use, depending on the purpose of the application. There is the short duration and instant type peels the trade would call lunchtime peels and there are also the deeper ones which will work deeper into the skin follicles and produce longer lasting results. The exact chemical used in these types will also vary accordingly. The Chemical Peels are chosen based on the need for a mild or a strong action on the skin.

How is the treatment done?

The actual treatment with Chemical Peels involves applying the chemical evenly across the skin, whether it is the face or the hands or the neck portion. The affected person can either visit a clinic offering the treatment or buy the product of the clinic and use at home if you are familiar with the process. The person receiving the Chemical Peels treatment should know that once the chemical is applied, it will form blisters on the skin and after a while, it will peel off. But the first few moments, there would be a burning feeling but it will subside after some time. The person can feel a stinging feeling also. In such cases, a cold compress may have to be used to take care of this reaction. In addition, the surface of the skin will remain a little sensitive for a couple of days and if the person has to go out in the sun then the use of a sunscreen lotion is essential to protect the skin from any damage. It may be advisable to seek expert help for availing Chemical Peels treatment of the deeper type since the person may even feel some pain and suitable medication ay have to be taken to suppress the pain. Some of the chemicals used in making the Chemical Peels include Alpha-hydroxy acid, Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid and Trichloroacetic acid, the last one usually found in the Chemical Peels used for deep action.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Anyone who faces skin related ailments can undergo the Chemical Peels treatment. The observation from experience is that people with fairer skin seem to obtain better results than those with darker skin, though in terms of the benefits all types of skin will see some change after the treatment. And those having specific issues like wrinkles or sunburns are definitely the ideal persons to undergo this treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If your routine involves spending too much time out in the hot sun, then the benefit of the Chemical Peels treatment may not last long. In addition, since the specialist might tell you not to get exposed to the sun for a few days, it could affect your work. Such persons have to avoid opting for this treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Some people with a particular type of skin can face issues immediately after taking a Chemical Peels treatment for their skin. Some of them can even see some swelling and breaking of the skin surface that can take a few days to recover fully. Similarly, there are instances of alteration in the color of the skin after the peel withers off. There have also been reports of scarring on the skin surface following a Chemical Peels treatment. It must, however, be added here that almost all these after effects are of temporary nature and they are generally treated and rectified without causing any permanent damage.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

In terms of the steps to be followed immediately after the chemical peel is applied and it peels off, the need to apply a cold compress is essential to cool down the skin which has had the blisters. In addition, the skin remains sensitive for a few days and in addition to protecting the skin from being exposed to sunlight, suitable sunscreen lotion has to be used. If there are any damages to the skin and bandaging has to be done that has also to be done. Ultimately, the skin has to be taken care of and the type of skin differs from individual to individual and depending on the type of skin, suitable skin products may be prescribed by the doctor for ongoing care.

How long does it take to recover?

The treatment with Chemical Peels itself does not last very long. Each time the peel is applied, the peel comes off within a few minutes and the treatment itself is done and dusted. But if the overall treatment duration has to be taken into account, then, a week can be safely assumed as the duration of a typical Chemical Peels treatment. And the treatment needs to be repeated after some months for maintaining the skin condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of Chemical Peels treatment in India can vary according to the type of clinic you decide to get your treatment done and also the type of treatment you choose, the mild or the deeper type peel or chemical you opt for. It can start anywhere from around Rs.1500 per sitting to Rs. 3000/= per treatment. Remember you will have to return for the peel after a few months. The cost also does not include the expenses on the sunscreen lotion or other treatment to take care of the skin before and after the peel.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

No. The skin gets restored. But the treatment has to be repeated after six months or earlier depending on how much you are able to take care of your skin. In the case of wrinkles etc due to aging, such natural processes cannot be reversed forever.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

If you don’t want to choose Chemical Peels treatment, then there are procedures like dermabrasion available for repairing and restoring damaged skin. Some kind of laser treatments is also attempted for obtaining similar results. These treatments, however, may be more expensive that Chemical Peels.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Medium Recovery Time: Low Price Range: RS. 1500 - Rs. 3000 per session

Popular Health Tips

Chemical Peels - Know Its Benefits!

Dr. Govind Suresh Mittal 93% (196 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, FRGUHS ? Dermatosurgery
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Chemical Peels - Know Its Benefits!
Not many of us like the image that stares back at us in the mirror. We all would love to have those wrinkles gone, the dull appearance improved, the fine lines disappear, the spots (brown, black, gray, whatever) just vanish. However, they don't. They are all real, but the good news is that they are not here to stay. There are improved methods of producing younger, glowing skin and chemical peels is one of them. In 2011, it was rated as one of the top 5 minimally invasive procedure with about a million people in the USA going for it to revitalize their skin. What do they do: You could be of any age or gender, looking for a youthful, glowing skin. Chemical peels definitely are an option for you. The skin is the most exposed part and is prone to damage from sun, pollution and dust. These leave uneven tone, dull skin, wrinkles and spots. In all these cases, a chemical peel can produce a marked improvement. A chemical preparation (solution) is applied on the skin which dissolves and removes the upper layers of the skin and allows for new skin to form. This is younger looking, softer, and smoother with fewer imperfections. The strength of the solution and the duration of application will depend completely on the patient's presenting situation and goals. Benefits of chemical peels: Reduces fine lines and wrinkles: Unlike creams and serums and lotions, these offer a much faster way to achieving smoother, clearer skin. Improves skin tone: The rough, top layers that were exposed to sun are removed, producing skin with improved texture. Promotes collagen production: The skin is made to produce more collagen, which results in skin that has better elasticity and glow. Eliminates scars from acne: The damage done by acne through scars left behind can be 'peeled' off with a chemical peel. Improves damage from sun exposure: Exposure to sun is most harmful to skin, and chemical peels help reduce this damage by removing off the top layers of skin that is affected by constant exposure to sun. Economical: Compared to the expensive creams and lotions that make huge promises, chemical peels are definitely cost effective. Boosts self-esteem: A smoother, glowing skin that is free of spots, wrinkles, and fine lines is sure to improve the person's confidence. Following are the Indications for Chemical Peels- Treatment and Prevention of Acne Pigmentation Anti-aging Sun-induced Pigmentation Tanning Chemical peels can be done on face, back, arms and legs, feet. elbows and knees, knuckles to even out pigmentation and smoothen the skin. Post care precautions are simple to follow-up avoidance of direct sunlight for first 4-5 days, strict application of sunscreen and keeping skin hydrated regularly. A detailed discussion with your doctor about expectations is definitely the first step if you are thinking of going for a chemical peel.
3869 people found this helpful

Know Everything About Chemical Peeling!

Dr. Jolly Shah 90% (1049 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Know Everything About Chemical Peeling!
Chemical peeling is a skin treatment which involves the peeling of the old skin and its replacement by a new layer of skin. It is generally done on the face, neck or arms and the process involves the application of a chemical solution over the skin in order to improve the overall appearance. The chemical peeling process is generally used to treat common skin disorders like - acne, wrinkles, scars, and such others. Common uses The chemical peeling process is mostly used to treat skin ailments in general. Some of the most common uses of a chemical peeling are as follows: Reducing fine lines on the face Curing and preventing certain types of acne Healing damages caused due to sun burns Reducing age spots, dark patches and freckles on the face Improving the softness and overall quality of skin What should you keep in mind before opting for a chemical peel? A chemical peel is a huge step towards the treatment of your skin, thus, you should always consult a dermatologist before actually opting for a chemical peeling process. It is a highly recommended measure because chemical peeling in some cases might not suit your skin. So, a complete skin diagnosis by a doctor helps to minimize the possible side effects related to the chemical peeling process. In general, this process is preferred in cases of people having a fair toned skin accompanied by a light hair growth. Before you get a chemical peel done, your doctor might just examine your medical history in order to stop certain medications that you are taking currently. Additionally, the doctor might also prescribe you certain medications, such as Retin-A, Renova, or glycolic acid to boost up the peeling process. The doctor may also prescribe antibiotics or antiviral drugs to ensure that the process is not having any side effects. How is it actually done? Chemical peels are usually done after a proper cleansing of the skin and then choosing the appropriate type of peel to suit your skin type. After cleansing of the skin the doctor usually applies a chemical solution such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, or carbolic acid (phenol) - to small areas of your skin. The peeling process usually lasts for a few minutes and the chemical helps in making controlled wounds on the skin in order to damage the old skin and allow the new skin to grow.
5598 people found this helpful

Chemical Peel - What All Does It Treat?

Dr. Naval Patel 94% (14022 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Raigarh
Chemical Peel - What All Does It Treat?
Chemical peels are a skin care procedure that that can be used on the face, neck, and even the hands in order to remove and prevent fine lines. These peels are also helpful in treating age spots and blemishes. These peels can be a part of one s regular skin care regimen in order to improve the overall appearance of the skin. Read on to know more about chemical peels and the various types available. The procedure: Chemical peels usually follow a specific procedure where a chemical solution is applied to the skin which makes upper layer to peel off. The new skin that emerges is usually free of wrinkles and smoother as compared to the old skin. What all does it treat: There are a variety of skin problems that can be treated by chemical peels, including reduction of age spots, dark patches, and other scars. It can also treat severe forms of acne even as it prevents fine lines and wrinkles that have been caused due to constant sun exposure and aging. Also, it reduces the fine lines that form under the eyes and around the mouth. This treatment can also help in treating freckles and dark patches that may be caused due to hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy and also due to birth control pills. It basically gives you smooth and supple skin. Light peels: This is one of the most commonly used types of chemical peels. These include lactic, salicylic acid and glycolic peels. This type of chemical peel is a mild one that makes the pores smaller and treats surface problems like acne, blackheads, as well as other skin imperfections like light skin discolouration and freckles. This kind of peel is quick and easy to administer, and can help in stimulating collagen production to keep the skin supple. One will typically need about four sittings in a span of two to four weeks. Medium depth chemical peels: These are stronger peels that show more dramatic results. They may cause visible flaking and peeling after the procedure has been carried out. These peels are usually used to fix the problems that come about due to sun damage. Also, these peels can decrease the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and large pores. These peels can also repair the patches that appear due to pigmentation problems. One will need a session at least once every three months to maintain the results. Deep chemical peels: These peels have more risk and deeper complications. They are used for very severe cases that include permanent hyperpigmentation which brings about darkening of the skin. Also, it can fix lightening of the skin due to hypopigmentation. It can also be used for the removal of scars.
2709 people found this helpful

Chemical Peel and the Pathology Behind It

Dr. Anupriya 87% (14 ratings)
Diploma in Dermatology, MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Chemical Peel and the Pathology Behind It
Chemical peeling is a medical procedure which includes application of a chemical agent to the skin, causing controlled destruction of the epidermis, with or without the dermis, leading to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions, followed by regeneration of new epidermal and dermal tissues. In simple words chemical peeling or chemical rejuvenation is procedure where a chemical agent or combination of agents of defined strength are applied the skin causing a controlled destruction of layers of the skin. This is followed by regeneration and remodeling leading to improvement of texture and surface abnormalities. It is a safe, effective and affordable option for improving skin ageing and imperfections. Skin is considered the largest organ of the body and has many different functions. The skin is divided in two main regions, the epidermis and the dermis. The dermis is attached to an underlying hypodermis also called subcutaneous connective tissue. Epidermis: It is the most superficial layer of the skin. The first barrier of protection from the invasion of foreign substances. The epidermis is divided into four layers stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum and stratum basalis(basal layer). Dermis: It is composed of fibroblasts which are responsible for secreting collagen, elastin and ground substance that gives support and elasticity to skin. It supplies the epidermis with nutrients and has its role in thermoregulation. The dermis is subdivided into two zones, upper papillary and lower reticular layer. Classification of peels according to histological depth Very superficial peel Exfoliation of the stratum cormeum, without any epidermal necrosis. Superficial peel Destruction of the full epidermis, up to the basal layer Medium peel Destruction of the epidermis, papillary dermis and upto the upper one third of the reticular dermis. Deep peel Necrosis of the entire epidermis and papillary dermis with inflammation extending to the mid reticular dermis. Classification of chemical peeling agents Very superficial Peel: Glycolic Acid 30-50% applied for 1-2 minutes TCA* 10% applied as one coat Jessner s solution 1-3 coats Superficial Peel: Glycolic acid 50-70% applied for 2-10 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin) TCA 10-30% Jessner s solution 4-10 coats Very superficial and superficial Peels are the mildest form and often called, the lunchtime peel. These peels break down corneocyte adhesion, causing dead skin cells to shed off to reveal the fresh, healthy underlying skin. These peels address minor skin irregularities like discoloration, acne, surface scarring, fine lines, and sun spots. Medium Peel: Glycolic acid 70% applied for 3-30 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin) TCA 35-50% Glycolic Acid 70% plus TCA 35% Jessner s solution plus TCA 35% Deep Peel: Phenol 88% Baker Gordon phenol formula Medium and deep peels increase the collagen and glycosaminoglycans content, cause collagen remodeling and increase dermal thickness to improve the clinical appearance of the skin with reduced wrinkles, skin tightening and pigmentary dyschromia. Reason behind chemical peeling: Wound healing process is an important reason for rejuvenation. The phases of wound healing after chemical exfoliation are apparent: Inflammatory phase (1-5 days) This phase is evident after peeling as erythma and swelling on the skin Proliferative phase (2-21 days) In superficial peels, the basement membrane is intact, hence normal epidermis is restored in 2 to 3 days. In medium to deep peels, wound is below basement membrane and re-epithelialization takes time. Remodeling phase (3 weeks to 2 years) collagen remodeling is the main reason that chemical peels cause rejuvenation and reduce wrinkles. Indications for peels: 1. Pigmentary disorders Resistant melasma Pigmented cosmetic dermatitis Freckles Lentigines Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation 2. Acne Comedonal acne Post acne scars Acne cosmetic Acne excoriee 3. Cosmetic Photoageing Fine wrinkling Skin glow and rejuvenation Oily to rough skin Actinic keratosis 4. Miscellaneous Keratosis pilaris Macular amyloidosis Dilated pores Seborrheic keratoses Contraindications Active bacterial, viral and fungal infection and open wounds Oral isotretinoin use within the past three months Pregnancy and breast feeding History of keloid formation History of taking oral contraceptive and photosensitive drugs Unrealistic patient expectation Uncooperative patient, eg. Patient is careless about sun exposure or application of medicine For medium depth and deep peels, history of abnormal scarring, atrophic skin and isotretinoin use in the last six months. How to choose a patient: A patient should be chosen depending upon 4P s: P Pathology P Point of depth required P Patients skin P Previous peeling agents Newer peels: Many peels like mandelic acid, kojic acid, lactic acid, citric acid and many more have been introduced in the market which are also available in combination. These peels are not only more skin friendly but also more patient friendly. They have buffering agents like licorice extract and willow bark extract to minimize irritation to skin and antioxidants to infuse the skin with restorative nutrients. The change in the skin often occurs at cellular level and are not apparent to the naked hence making it more popular amongst busy patients who are seeking effective treatments quickly with little or no downtime. Benefits of chemical peels: The skin becomes noticeably smoother and rejuvenated. It reduces pigmentation, improves dull and uneven skin tone, reduces signs of photoagaeing, acne and enlarged pores. Removes dead and damaged skin cells and improves skin texture Helps in removal of tan Skin becomes brighter and more vivid because chemical peels not only cause re-epithelialization of the epidermis but also collagen remodeling. Pre peel and post peel precautions: Patient has to be motivated enough to get multiple sittings of the peel ( 4-8, depending on the indication and type of peel) every 2-3 weekly to get the desired result. Patient should not wax, bleach, scrub, shave(the same day) or get any other aesthetic procedure like microdermabrasion, ipl, derma-roller one day before the chemical peel procedure. A gap of at least 7 days before and after the peel should be maintained. Patient should use a mild soap/ non soap cleanser after the peel Broad spectrum sunscreen and moisturizer should be used liberally, at least 2-3 times a day and sun exposure should be avoided. Patient should be strictly prohibited from scratching, picking or scrubbing the skin. Take home message: Chemical peeling is a simple office procedure for the treatment of acne, pigmentation, skin rejuvenation and photo ageing. These are not one time procedures but require 6-8 sessions and maintenance peels to achieve maximum improvement and prevent recurrences. The newer peels are safer and effective.
4463 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi doctor i have some quetion Q1. Which chemical peel for me my dark spots? TCA Or AHA Q2. TCA PEEL SIDE EFFECT? Q3. AHA PEEL SIDE EFFECT?

Dr. Govind Suresh Mittal 93% (196 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, FRGUHS ? Dermatosurgery
Dermatologist, Bangalore
AHA peels can be used - discuss the side effect with your doctor before you take the peel. Mainly you must avoid direct sun exposure for upto a week after peel treatment. Warm regards
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Chemical Peel - Can They Cause Hyperpigmentation

Dr. Anuj Saigal 88% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Peels are specialized chemicals primarily formulated as an acid meant to dissolve skin. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Chemical Peel - For a Younger Looking Skin!!

Dr. Jyoti 91% (114 ratings)
MBBS,, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC), Diploma in Trichology - Cosmetology
Dermatologist, Patna
Chemical peel damages the skin in a superficial and controlled way, leaving it with artificially created wounds. True or False? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz

Chemical Peel: For a Youthful Skin

Dr. Hardik Pitroda 88% (216 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Ahmedabad
Chemical peels are mostly made of acids and are meant to be used only on the face. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
Start Quiz

Popular Health Packages

ENQUIRE
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
₹2000
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice