Sleep disorder or sleep problem can be of several types. They are known as insomnia, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Other less prevalent problems of sleep disorder include Circadian Rhythm Disorders, snoring, night terrors or nightmares etc.
Sleep disorders or problem while sleeping are a group of conditions that frequently affects and impacts the ability of a person to sleep well on a regular basis. Sleep disorders are becoming increasingly common nowadays and can be caused due to many reasons, of which health problem and over stress are common. Depending on the type of sleep disorder, people may face difficulties with the time of falling asleep and because of lack of sufficient sleep my also feel extremely tired throughout the day. The lack of sleep can, thus, have a negative impact on energy, mood, concentration, and overall health.
In most cases, sleep disorders are caused due to an underlying health problem. But, there can also be other reasons which cause sleep disorders. They are allergies and respiratory problems which make it difficult to breathe at night or while lying flat, nocturia (urinating at night), chronic pain and illness, any kind of stress, anxiety, tension etc.
The main types of sleep disorders are insomnia, sleep apnea, parasomnias, restless leg syndrome, etc. Insomnia is the inability of a person to fall asleep or to remain asleep. It can be caused due to jet lag, stress and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems and can become very annoying and irritating to the person. It can cause depression, lack of concentration, weight gain etc. Sleep apnea is mainly characterized by pauses in breathing while sleeping. This is a very serious medical condition where the body takes in less oxygen than minimum. Thus, it causes the person to wake up during the night. Parasomnias are noted with the abnormal movements and behaviors during sleep which include sleep walking, nightmares, sleep talking, bed wetting etc. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) involves an overwhelming need to move the legs while sleeping.
Symptoms of sleep disorder can differ from person to person depending on the severity and type of this disorder. The most common symptoms of sleep disorders noted in people include difficulty either in falling or staying asleep, daytime fatigue, strong urge to take naps during the day (caused due to weakness), irritability or anxiety, lack of concentration and depression.
Treatment of sleep disorder depends on person to person on the type of disorder noted. It varies and may include better sleeping habits, medication or devices. Medical treatment for sleep disturbances require the person to intake sleeping pills, allergy or cold medication, melatonin supplements, necessary medications for any underlying health issues. For sleep apnea, patients may be provided with aiding breathing machines or surgical operations to get rid of the issue. Most important treatment method of sleep disorder is to change the life style and habits. Maintaining a healthy and routine life style can improve sleeping conditions.
The doctor will first perform a physical exam on the patient and gather information about the symptoms and medical history. They may also prescribe various tests to diagnose the exact cause of sleep disorder. One of these tests is polysomnography. It is a sleep study that evaluates the oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves in order to know how they cause disturbances while sleeping. Another test is called the electroencephalogram where electrical activity in the brain is assessed and associated problems are noted. The third test is genetic blood testing which is used to diagnose narcolepsy and other underlying health conditions that might be causing sleeping problems.
The four foremost important methods of treating sleep disorder are use of medications, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), sleep hygiene and sleep routines, and relaxation and exercises. These are the most commonly opted methods. But each individual type of sleep disorder can be treated differently and have their own methods of treatment. Insomnia can be treated with change in the daily habits. These will include trying to sleep on time, avoiding caffeine and fast or junk foods, regular exercises etc. In cases of jet lag when the body timer changes, treatment depends on the specific type of circadian rhythm disorder. These may include adjustment of bedtimes and rise times, appropriately timed melatonin use, and bright light therapy. Patients with sleep apnea may be provided a CPAP or continuous positive airway pressure. A mask is worn while sleeping which helps to keep the airway more open for extra oxygen and thus facilitate better sleep. There are also several types of surgery available for sleep apnea. Cutting down on caffeine when facing sleep disorder due to restless leg syndrome may help. Sleep disorder may also be treated with medicated drugs. Prescription medicines that might help to solve the problem include carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet), gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant), gabapentin (Neurontin), pramipexole (Mirapex), rotigotine (Neupro) etc.
People may face sleeping problems once in a while owing to certain causes. But, when sleeping disability becomes a habit and starts to occur on a regular basis, people should visit a doctor. Also, when lack of adequate sleep impacts daily life negatively with weakness, irritation and lack of concentration, people should seek medical help.
People with properly maintained sleep timings and who face no issues or problems while sleeping need not consult a doctor. When people get adequate sleep and feel fresh after a nap with great overall health, they become ineligible for the treatment of sleep disorders.
Sleeping pills used to soothe the nerves and make falling asleep easier can cause side effects if taken for a prolonged time. Over consumption of these medicines can indirectly harm the nerves and its functions. But, these side effects are rare and go away soon on its own if the medicine consumption is checked.
After medical treatment, patients should be careful about their life style habits and sleeping routines. They should try and maintain the healthy habits so that they do not suffer from sleep disorder again. Also, regular exercises and intake of medicines as prescribed can help people get comfortable sleep.
Sleep disorder can be treated easily and it does not take long to recover. Use of medications and other methods to control the signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation can bring results in the first week of treatment itself. People start showing improvement right from the first or second week of treatment. People who undergo operation or use machines for sleep disorder condition can also recover very soon.
The cost of sleep disorder is not very expensive. It can easily be treated with medicines and change in the life style habit. For people with insomnia and restless leg syndrome, treatment cost may range from Rs 200- Rs 800, inclusive of the consultation fees of the doctor. People with sleep apnea will require a great cost for the machines or surgical operations. Surgical operations or machine may cost around Rs 60,000- Rs 80,000.
Treatment of sleep disorders caused due to stress anxiety or work load involve no such standardized methods of treatment. These mainly include changes in the lifestyle and improvement of living conditions. Sleep disorder caused because of these can recur anytime these factors come into play. But, for cases like sleep apnea, where surgical treatment method is an option, or machines can be used, then, the treatment can become permanently effective.
Rs 200- Rs 80,000/-
A sleep disorder (somnipathy) is a disorder in the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders can interfere with mental and emotional function. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnogram.
1 Common sleep disorders
2 Broad classifications of sleep disorders
3 Common causes of sleep disorders
4 General Principles of Treatment
The most common sleep disorders include:
Bruxism: The sufferer involuntarily grinds his or her teeth while sleeping.
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS): A sleep disorder of circadian rhythm, characterized by the inability to wake up and fall asleep at the desired times, but not by inability to stay asleep.
Hypopnea syndrome: Abnormally shallow breathing or slow respiratory rate while sleeping.
Narcolepsy: The condition of falling asleep spontaneously and unwillingly.
Night terror or Pavor nocturnus or sleep terror disorder: abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior consistent with terror.
Parasomnias: Include a variety of disruptive sleep-related events.
Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD): Involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep. See also Hypnic jerk, which is not a disorder.
Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD): Acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS): An irresistible urge to move legs while sleeping. Often accompanies PLMD.
What is insomnia?
Insomnia includes a wide range of sleeping disorders, from lack of sleep quality to lack of sleep quantity. Insomnia is commonly separated into three types:
According to the national institutes of health, the majority of chronic insomnia cases are side effects resulting from another primary problem.
Insomnia can affect people of any age; it is more common in adult females than adult males. The sleeping disorder can undermine school and work performance, as well as contributing to obesity, anxiety, depression, irritability, concentration problems, memory problems, poor immune system function, and reduced reaction time.
Insomnia has also been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic diseases. According to the national sleep foundation, 30-40 percent of american adults report that they have had symptoms of insomnia within the last 12 months, and 10-15 percent of adults claim to have chronic insomnia
Causes of insomnia
Insomnia can be caused by physical and psychological factors. There is sometimes an underlying medical condition that causes chronic insomnia, while transient insomnia may be due to a recent event or occurrence. Insomnia is commonly caused by:
Signs and symptoms of insomnia
Insomnia itself may be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. However, there are many signs and symptoms that are associated with insomnia:
Difficulty falling asleep at night. Waking during the night. Waking earlier than desired. Still feeling tired after a night's sleep. Daytime, fatigue or sleepiness. Irritability, depression, or anxiety. Poor concentration and focus. Being uncoordinated, an increase in errors or accidents. Tension headaches (feels like a tight band around head. Difficulty socializing. Gastrointestinal symptoms. Worrying about sleeping.
Sleep deprivation can cause other symptoms. The afflicted person may wake up not feeling fully awake and refreshed, and may have a sensation of tiredness and sleepiness throughout the day.
Having problems concentrating and focusing on tasks is common for people with insomnia. According to the national heart, lung, and blood institute, 20 percent of non-alcohol related car crash injuries are caused by driver sleepiness
Non-pharmacological approaches and home remedies for insomnia include:
Medical treatments for insomnia include:
Prescription sleeping pills anti-depressants over-the-counter sleep
Who gets insomnia?
Some people are more likely to suffer from insomnia than others; these include:
Travelers - particularly through multiple time zones shift workers with frequent changes in shifts (day vs. Night) the elderlydrug users adolescent or young adult students pregnant women menopausal women those with mental health disorders.
Sleep disorder is the condition where a person loses his night sleep completely or is able to sleep only for few hours or minutes. They feel a sudden restlessness when they go to sleep, or they naturally do not get any good sleep. Sleeping disorders can be of various types and they are not just only about the person's inability to fall asleep.
Some common types of sleeping disorders are:
All the disorders have one thing in common. They generally make the person feel tired all day long, due to complete or partial loss of sleep.
Sleeping disorders cannot be identified from the day one. The slow build up of symptoms are the only clue to the fact that one is suffering from this condition.
Some of the very common symptoms that would help the person to identify the problem are:
The homeopathic remedies involve the use of natural herbs and their extracts. All these are recommended by the doctors in prescribed dosages.
Some of the commonly used homeopathic remedies are:
1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle such as eating well, drinking water regularly, avoiding stress and maintaining a healthy weight. Frequently, individuals develop sleep disorders due to stress or obesity.
2. Establish a regular schedule for sleep. Wake up and go to bed at the same time everyday, including weekends. Establishing a regular sleep schedule will train your body to sleep soundly on a consistent basis.
3. Avoid taking naps throughout the day. If you take a nap during the day, then you will be less tired at night, be more restless and may not sleep as deeply.
4. Abstain from smoking, drinking alcohol or ingesting caffeine because they can keep you up at night. Even though alcohol makes you sleepy, it obstructs the quality of your sleep.
5. Exercise regularly so that your body will be tired, but do not exercise for 3 to 4 hours before you go to sleep, because it may energize you.
6. Refrain from eating heavy meals for dinner, which can make you feel uncomfortable and will prevent you from sleeping well.
7. Create a bedroom that is quiet, dark and a comfortable temperature, which will promote sleep and avoid disturbances.
8. Sleep on your side with your head slightly elevated to prevent the symptoms of sleep apnea.
9. Construct a bedtime routine such as reading, meditating or bathing. Having a routine will train your body to recognize that you are preparing for sleep, which will help you to fall asleep easier.
10. Use your bedroom for sleep only. Do not work or do any other tasks in your bedroom if possible. If your bedroom is used only for sleep, then you will associate the room with sleep, which will aid in falling asleep faster and sleeping deeply.
11. Get out of bed and engage in a non-stimulating activity, such as reading until you feel sleepy again. Sometimes lying in bed when you are not able to sleep makes it more difficult to feel sleepy.
A full-fledged sleep is important for human health. For many years, scientists are researching all of the parameters of sleep, ascertain their significance for the body, deal with the causes of snoring, which sometimes is the main enemy of the quality of sleep.
Without treatment, challenged the dream can lead not only to the constant fatigue, but also a cause of such effects as the occasional bout of drowsiness (gipnolepsiya), myocardial infarction, lowering the protective forces of the organism or violation of the brain.
According to the statistics they snore in sleep 25 % of the people on the earth after thirty years, and this applies to both men and women. Snoring makes it difficult to sleep man, but not prevents sleep so much as sleep apnea, which is the most serious consequence of snoring.
Reason for snoring:
1. Excessive weight muscle tone becomes weak, which is the cause of snoring. Even with a mild degree of obesity increases the risk of snoring in 10 times, and syndrome obstruktivnogo sleep apnea are diagnosed by more than half of the cases.
2. Hereditary anatomical differences (the defunct ago chin, little lower jaw - mikrognatiya, large tongue, cleft palate, iskrivlennaya septum nose, tongue)
3. Chronic diseases (adenoids nasal, sinus problems, chronic tonsillitis, allergic rhinitis)
4. Reduced the function of the thyroid gland. The lack of thyroid hormones causing nasal mucous membranes with edema and obesity, i. e. The right to two factors that provoke snoring.