Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Sleep Disorders: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Sleep disorder or sleep problem can be of several types. They are known as insomnia, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Other less prevalent problems of sleep disorder include Circadian Rhythm Disorders, snoring, night terrors or nightmares etc.

How is the treatment done?

Sleep disorders or problem while sleeping are a group of conditions that frequently affects and impacts the ability of a person to sleep well on a regular basis. Sleep disorders are becoming increasingly common nowadays and can be caused due to many reasons, of which health problem and over stress are common. Depending on the type of sleep disorder, people may face difficulties with the time of falling asleep and because of lack of sufficient sleep my also feel extremely tired throughout the day. The lack of sleep can, thus, have a negative impact on energy, mood, concentration, and overall health.

In most cases, sleep disorders are caused due to an underlying health problem. But, there can also be other reasons which cause sleep disorders. They are allergies and respiratory problems which make it difficult to breathe at night or while lying flat, nocturia (urinating at night), chronic pain and illness, any kind of stress, anxiety, tension etc.

The main types of sleep disorders are insomnia, sleep apnea, parasomnias, restless leg syndrome, etc. Insomnia is the inability of a person to fall asleep or to remain asleep. It can be caused due to jet lag, stress and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems and can become very annoying and irritating to the person. It can cause depression, lack of concentration, weight gain etc. Sleep apnea is mainly characterized by pauses in breathing while sleeping. This is a very serious medical condition where the body takes in less oxygen than minimum. Thus, it causes the person to wake up during the night. Parasomnias are noted with the abnormal movements and behaviors during sleep which include sleep walking, nightmares, sleep talking, bed wetting etc. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) involves an overwhelming need to move the legs while sleeping.

Symptoms of sleep disorder can differ from person to person depending on the severity and type of this disorder. The most common symptoms of sleep disorders noted in people include difficulty either in falling or staying asleep, daytime fatigue, strong urge to take naps during the day (caused due to weakness), irritability or anxiety, lack of concentration and depression.

Treatment of sleep disorder depends on person to person on the type of disorder noted. It varies and may include better sleeping habits, medication or devices. Medical treatment for sleep disturbances require the person to intake sleeping pills, allergy or cold medication, melatonin supplements, necessary medications for any underlying health issues. For sleep apnea, patients may be provided with aiding breathing machines or surgical operations to get rid of the issue. Most important treatment method of sleep disorder is to change the life style and habits. Maintaining a healthy and routine life style can improve sleeping conditions.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

The doctor will first perform a physical exam on the patient and gather information about the symptoms and medical history. They may also prescribe various tests to diagnose the exact cause of sleep disorder. One of these tests is polysomnography. It is a sleep study that evaluates the oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves in order to know how they cause disturbances while sleeping. Another test is called the electroencephalogram where electrical activity in the brain is assessed and associated problems are noted. The third test is genetic blood testing which is used to diagnose narcolepsy and other underlying health conditions that might be causing sleeping problems.

The four foremost important methods of treating sleep disorder are use of medications, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), sleep hygiene and sleep routines, and relaxation and exercises. These are the most commonly opted methods. But each individual type of sleep disorder can be treated differently and have their own methods of treatment. Insomnia can be treated with change in the daily habits. These will include trying to sleep on time, avoiding caffeine and fast or junk foods, regular exercises etc. In cases of jet lag when the body timer changes, treatment depends on the specific type of circadian rhythm disorder. These may include adjustment of bedtimes and rise times, appropriately timed melatonin use, and bright light therapy. Patients with sleep apnea may be provided a CPAP or continuous positive airway pressure. A mask is worn while sleeping which helps to keep the airway more open for extra oxygen and thus facilitate better sleep. There are also several types of surgery available for sleep apnea. Cutting down on caffeine when facing sleep disorder due to restless leg syndrome may help. Sleep disorder may also be treated with medicated drugs. Prescription medicines that might help to solve the problem include carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet), gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant), gabapentin (Neurontin), pramipexole (Mirapex), rotigotine (Neupro) etc.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

People may face sleeping problems once in a while owing to certain causes. But, when sleeping disability becomes a habit and starts to occur on a regular basis, people should visit a doctor. Also, when lack of adequate sleep impacts daily life negatively with weakness, irritation and lack of concentration, people should seek medical help.

Are there any side effects?

People with properly maintained sleep timings and who face no issues or problems while sleeping need not consult a doctor. When people get adequate sleep and feel fresh after a nap with great overall health, they become ineligible for the treatment of sleep disorders.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Sleeping pills used to soothe the nerves and make falling asleep easier can cause side effects if taken for a prolonged time. Over consumption of these medicines can indirectly harm the nerves and its functions. But, these side effects are rare and go away soon on its own if the medicine consumption is checked.

How long does it take to recover?

After medical treatment, patients should be careful about their life style habits and sleeping routines. They should try and maintain the healthy habits so that they do not suffer from sleep disorder again. Also, regular exercises and intake of medicines as prescribed can help people get comfortable sleep.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Sleep disorder can be treated easily and it does not take long to recover. Use of medications and other methods to control the signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation can bring results in the first week of treatment itself. People start showing improvement right from the first or second week of treatment. People who undergo operation or use machines for sleep disorder condition can also recover very soon.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The cost of sleep disorder is not very expensive. It can easily be treated with medicines and change in the life style habit. For people with insomnia and restless leg syndrome, treatment cost may range from Rs 200- Rs 800, inclusive of the consultation fees of the doctor. People with sleep apnea will require a great cost for the machines or surgical operations. Surgical operations or machine may cost around Rs 60,000- Rs 80,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Treatment of sleep disorders caused due to stress anxiety or work load involve no such standardized methods of treatment. These mainly include changes in the lifestyle and improvement of living conditions. Sleep disorder caused because of these can recur anytime these factors come into play. But, for cases like sleep apnea, where surgical treatment method is an option, or machines can be used, then, the treatment can become permanently effective.

Safety: Common Name Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Low Price Range:

Rs 200- Rs 80,000/-

Popular Health Tips

Sleep Disorders

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
Sleep Disorders

SLEEP DISORDERS {INSOMANIA}

Sleep disorders
A sleep disorder (somnipathy) is a disorder in the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders can interfere with mental and emotional function. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnogram.
Contents
1 Common sleep disorders
2 Broad classifications of sleep disorders
3 Common causes of sleep disorders
4 General Principles of Treatment

The most common sleep disorders include:
Bruxism
: The sufferer involuntarily grinds his or her teeth while sleeping.
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS): A sleep disorder of circadian rhythm, characterized by the inability to wake up and fall asleep at the desired times, but not by inability to stay asleep.
Hypopnea syndrome: Abnormally shallow breathing or slow respiratory rate while sleeping.
Narcolepsy: The condition of falling asleep spontaneously and unwillingly.
Night terror or Pavor nocturnus or sleep terror disorder: abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior consistent with terror.
Parasomnias: Include a variety of disruptive sleep-related events.
Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD): Involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep. See also Hypnic jerk, which is not a disorder.
Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD): Acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS): An irresistible urge to move legs while sleeping. Often accompanies PLMD.

Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD).
Sleep apnea
: The obstruction of the airway during sleep.
Sleepwalking or somnambulism: Engaging in activities that are normally associated with wakefulness (such as eating or dressing), which may include walking, without the conscious knowledge of the subject.
Snoring: Loud breathing patterns while sleeping, sometimes accompanying sleep apnea.
Broad classifications of sleep disorders
Dysomnias - A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm.
Insomnia
Narcolepsy
Obstructive sleep apnea
Restless leg syndrome
Periodic limb movement disorder
Hypersomnia
Recurrent hypersomnia - including Kleine-Levin syndrome
Posttraumatic hypersomnia
"Healthy" hypersomnia

5 people found this helpful

Homeopathy Cure for Sleep Disorders

BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Homeopathy Cure for Sleep Disorders

Some people simply lie down and fall asleep instantly, while others toss and turn for hours before going off to sleep. Getting a good night's sleep is important for everyone be it toddlers or adults. There are many reasons as to why people find it difficult to sleep or do not enjoy a restful sleep. Homeopathy can be very helpful in treating such sleep disorders.

Here are a few homeopathic medicines that can improve the quality of your sleep:

  1. Arsenicum Album: Sleeplessness caused by anxiety, fear or worry can be treated using Arsenicum Album. Apart from having difficulty falling asleep, patients suffering from this disorder often wake up in the middle of the night. Some patients also feel restless while sleeping, which makes the person toss and turn in bed and at times feel the need to walk about; these symptoms can also be treated with this medication.
  2. Coffea Cruda: This can be used to treat insomnia caused by mental and physical restlessness. Symptoms of the sleep disorder treated by Coffea Cruda are a constant flow of ideas, rapid thoughts, nervous energy and excitement. Having a cup of coffee before bedtime often triggers these symptoms. This is often experienced by people on the night before an important day.
  3. Gelsemium Sempervirens: Insomnia caused by exhaustion and anticipatory anxiety can be treated with Gelsemium Sempervirens. This is often experienced as a symptom associated with alcohol withdrawal. Babies who cannot fall asleep because of teething pains can also be given Gelsemium Sempervirens.
  4. Nux Vomica: Some people fall asleep early, but wake up in the middle of the night with an alert mind only to start feeling sleepy again early in the morning. This makes them irritable and tired. In such cases, nux vomica is known to be beneficial towards having a more restful sleep. This sleep disorder is worsened by narcotics and stimulants such as coffee or alcohol.
  5. Phosphorus: Some people, especially the elderly, feel sleepy all day, but can't fall asleep at night. Lying on their left side makes this worse and their sleep is broken into naps. Phosphorus can be used in such cases to regulate the sleep cycle and improve the quality of sleep.

Apart from medication, lifestyle changes can also help cure sleep disorders. Some of these changes are:

  1. Exercise early in the morning for at least 30 minutes each day.
  2. Avoid caffeine and foods that are difficult to digest especially before bedtime.
  3. Avoid snacks that can make your blood sugar fluctuate.
  4. Eat a protein snack or sip chamomile tea before going to bed.
4179 people found this helpful

Homeopathic Remedies for Sleep Disorders

BHMS
Homeopath, Surat
Homeopathic Remedies for Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorder is the condition where a person loses his night sleep completely or is able to sleep only for few hours or minutes. They feel a sudden restlessness when they go to sleep, or they naturally do not get any good sleep. Sleeping disorders can be of various types and they are not just only about the person's inability to fall asleep.

Some common types of sleeping disorders are:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Loss of sleep due to excessive snoring
  • Insomnia and sleep deprivation

All the disorders have one thing in common. They generally make the person feel tired all day long, due to complete or partial loss of sleep.

Sleeping disorders cannot be identified from the day one. The slow build up of symptoms are the only clue to the fact that one is suffering from this condition.

Some of the very common symptoms that would help the person to identify the problem are:

  • Falling asleep during the day and during work
  • Irritable sensation all throughout the day
  • Loss of patience during work
  • Loss of concentration during the day

The homeopathic remedies involve the use of natural herbs and their extracts. All these are recommended by the doctors in prescribed dosages.

Some of the commonly used homeopathic remedies are:

  • Chamomilla: People suffering from sleeplessness due to pain and irritation prefer this.
  • Coffea: This particular herb is considered to be ideal for coping with sleeping disorders. This is more commonly suggested for people, who find it difficult to fall asleep due to over excitation, or else due to sudden mood swings.
  • Belladona: This herb is used in cases where the person has trouble falling asleep due to nightmares or headache. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.
3321 people found this helpful

How To Cure Sleep Disorders With Homeopathy?

MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
How To Cure Sleep Disorders With Homeopathy?

Getting a good night's sleep is crucial for good health. But, we all face insomnia to some degree or other. Homeopathy is a complementary system of medicine that cures almost any disease on earth, including insomnia.

Insomnia is a complex issue with a number of factors. Sometimes the fear of insomnia keeps people awake at night. Other causes are age- older people find it difficult to get sleep due to drop in levels of melatonin , a chemical that induces sleep; gender – women are more blessed with insomnia because of their hormonal fluctuations that happen on a monthly basis plus due to pregnancy and menopause; depression, high BP, seizures, heart problems, anxiety etc. Jetlag, irregular shift work can also give you insomnia.

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. The medicines given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy. It is always recommended to consult a specialized homeopath before you go for medication. None of these medicines should be taken without professional advice.

Homeopathic medicines that may help you to treat insomnia, are-

  1. Arsenicum Album (Ars): The anxious lot who suffer from sleeplessness will benefit from this one. Those with disturbed, restless sleep will get relief from their tossing and turning.

  2. Coffea Cruda (Coff): Coffee is also used to treat insomnia when given in the crude form. It relieves symptoms produced by coffee, like sleeplessness due to rapid thoughts and an active mind

  3. Gelsemium Sempervirens (Gels): Sleeplessness from anxiety is treated with this one . It also treats insomnia due to exhaustion.

  4. Ignatia Amara (Ign): Sleeplessness from a recent disappointment or grief is treated using this medicine.

  5. Lycopodium clavatum (Lyc): Are you feeling sleepy all day and sleepless at night from an active mind? Then this is the one for you!

  6. Nux Vomica (Nux-v): Irritability from loss of sleep is treated using this medicine and so is restlessness from the excessive consumption of coffee, alcohol, or drugs.

  7. Passiflora Incarnata (Pass): Restlessness, exhaustion, and sleeplessness, all three are treated. It’s especially useful for aged and infants.

  8. Phosphorus (Phos): Short naps with frequent waking are a symptom treated with this one. It’s very effective for sleeplessness in old people.

  9. Sulphur (Sulph): Disturbed sleep and inability to fall asleep after waking up between 2 – 5am and unable to go back to sleep- If this describes you, then try Sulph.

Pleasant dreams!

5148 people found this helpful

Ayurveda For Stress And Sleep Disorder

BAMS
Ayurveda, Faridabad
Ayurveda For Stress And Sleep Disorder

Are you suffering from stress and sleep disorders (Insomnia)? Are you looking for Ayurvedic remedies for improving your sleep? The principles of Ayurveda state that sufficient sleep along with a proper diet, and wise utilization of energy are important for maintaining good health.

Ayurvedic Consideration:

According to ayurveda, the vitiation of the three doshas either taken all together or individually may result in to insomnia. All factors, that are responsible for aggravation of vata and pitta ,along with environmental and dietary factors play an important role in sleep disturbances. High vata type of insomnia is caused by Vaata imbalance or mental stress. People, who toss and turn, unable to fall asleep because their mind is spinning, have this disorder. It results with anxiety, worry, and rushed activity during the day. Where as in pitta imbalance there is intermittent awakening. You may fall asleep quickly but wake up frequently with palpitation, body pains, and emotional disturbances such as fear, anger, and sadness. Another pattern is that you wake up before dawn and find it difficult to go back to sleep.

There are certain health principles and ways that you should follow for improving quality of sleep, getting rid of stress and boosting your body’s immune system. They are as follows:

  1. Maintain a disciplined sleep schedule- You should be very disciplined regarding your sleep. Try to sleep early which gives you the time to sleep throughout the night. Wake up early the next morning. Your mind  is stable, slow and dull from 6pm to 10pm. This is a perfect time for getting good sleep.
  2. Mindful eating- It is recommended for you to have your dinner early between 6.30 to 7 pm. The digestive fire starts cooling down after the sun sets. You can improve your digestion by eating light, early meals. This is beneficial for your sleep quality. While eating, you should avoid doing other activities such as reading books, watching television, or involving yourself in conversations. 
  3. Oil massage- Oil massage therapy is a primary part of  Ayurvedic treatment for stress and sleep disorder. Oil massages on your feet are important for improved sleep. There are nerve endings in your feet, which are nourished because of oil massage. Massaging helps in stress relief, makes you feel relaxed, and improves your blood circulation. As a result of all these, your sleep gets drastically improved. You can choose from several herbal oils for massage. 
  4. Pranayama- Pranayama is considered to be very important for improving sleep disorders and stress. Several rounds of alternate nostril breathing or “naadi shodhana pranayama” should be undertaken on a regular basis. This is effective for the mind, and calms down your nervous system. You are bound to get deeper, and longer sleep of high quality. 
  5. Practice self-compassion- You wellness and health depend considerably on a balance among your  mind, body and soul. It is important for you to keep away from negative vibes and always try to be present in a positive environment. You should be mindful over who you talk to right before going to sleep. Ideally, you should switch off your mobile, computer, television, and social media activities, two hours before going to sleep. 
  6. Regular exercise- Regular exercise is very important for you to stay healthy and fit physically, which in turn helps you to maintain a healthy state of mind. This is vital for improving sleep disorder and eliminating stress. Keep away from all types of stimulants during the evening so that your sleep is not affected. 

Ayurvedic Herbs for Insomnia

The useful herbs for the treatment of insomnia are:-

  1. Brahmi: It is a powerful brain tonic, which supports and improves all aspects of mental functioning. It is a calming and tranquillising herb. A cup of brahmi tea or powder or any other preparation with brahmi, taken at bedtime, will induce a peaceful sleep and its regular use will help to cure insomnia.
  2. Vacha: (Acorus calamus) has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of various ailments, such as epilepsy, headache,insomnia etc. it can be taken along with Amla, Brahmi powder at bed time.
  3. Aswagandha: This is an overall tonic for greater vitality and longevity. It enhances coordination between the mind and senses which, according to Ayurveda, is essential for good sleep. The recommended dose is half teaspoonful of powder taken at night along with sugar+ ghee or warm milk.
  4. Jatamansi: It has been found to increase levels of neurotransmitters like serotonin. It is a sedative, anti-depressant, and anti-epileptic cardio-tonic and is regarded as one of the most effective remedies for neurosis. 
  5. Valerian: Indian valerian, also known as tagar in Hindi, works on the nerve channels by clearing out toxins from the blood, joints, tissues, colon and nerves. Its basic role is to rejuvenate. However, valerian should not be taken on its own. For, it can have a somewhat dulling effect. It is best used as part of some herbal preparation. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ayurveda.
3009 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi i Am having sleep disorder, I just can't sleep, I know I am tired but still no sleep, can anyone help me here?

Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Delhi
Stop worrying, this is the main cause for not getting sound and sufficient sleep, are you taking any medicine if so inform. Inform your interest in getting detail regimen of diet, exercise, yogasana and herbal preparations.

I, m having sleeping disorder these days. I feel sleeping all day. What should I do.

PG Hom, London, BHMS
Homeopath, Mumbai
Hello Jasveer, Constant sleepiness can be due to stress, tesnion, anxiety, thyroid disorders or some other pathological condition that moght be present in your body. You need to give away some more details about your condition so that i can find out the cause behind this disorder of yours. Accordingly i can help you with the medications

Hi. I am 23 and I am facing some sleeping disorders. Is there any way that you could help me.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Take a shower at bedtime for a peaceful sleep and also start with Tablet folvite 5mg once a day for six months and tablet vitamin D3 60000iu once a week for six months

I have sleeping disorder what I have to do without taking any medicine is possible.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
YOu should ahve described your disorder clearly. Resting at night plays an important role in regulating your daily health and your level of energy throughout a day. Also, not only the quantity but the quality of sleep is also important for a healthy lifestyle. Bedtime habits do play a vital role in shaping up your lifestyle and personality as a whole. Here are many lifestyle habits that can help you to get sound sleep. 1. Make regular and a fixed sleep pattern: Going to sleep and waking up the same time every day helps to maintain an equilibrium in the sleep-wake cycle called diurnal rhythm. If this balance is maintained, then your body will be accustomed to this pattern and as a result, you will feel less tired and fresh throughout the day 2. Maintain a definite dietary regulation: You should also maintain a proper diet plan and observe the consequences/effects of the foods that you are eating and the fluids that you are drinking on your sleep pattern. Taking a good and properly nutritious diet on a daily basis will help you to stay healthy and help your natural sleep-wake cycle. 3. Ensure that your room has mild or dim lighting or darkness if you prefer: The level of light also matters at the time of your sleep. You should definitely make sure that there is a very minimal level of light or darkness around you when you try to sleep. This should be done because the lesser is the light, the more comfortable you are while sleeping. Additionally, the sleep that you will get in a dark room will also be sound and undistorted as it helps keep all the sensory organs calm. 4). Do some relaxing activities before bedtime: Depending on your choice, you should follow simple techniques of relaxation in order to calm down the brain before sleep. Like mediation, Yoga or- deep breathing exercise, muscle relaxing activity, visualizing a peaceful setting/ scenario like a calm garden or beach or mountain area. These activities are just guidelines and you can do anything that helps you to get a relaxing mood and sleep. 5). Avoid daytime naps if you can , But Having short naps of less than one hour is absolutely okay if you are excessively tired during the day or you did not have a sound sleep the previous night. But, if you are consistently having long naps during the day then you are bound to have sleep issues during the night. So it is advisable to sleep early and wake up early for a healthy schedule. 6) Regular exercise: Exercising regularly helps to improve the overall quality of sleep by making you tired at night and sending you to bed more efficiently. Light to mild exercises also helps cure sleep disorders like insomnia.

My mother is suffering from sleep disorder not having sound sleep please help me.

MBBS, MBA (Healthcare)
General Physician, Delhi
avoid day time sleep. avoid tea/coffe/ cola in evening and after. 8 hours sleep is ok . 10 pm 6 am is good timing.

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Sleep Disorder
Good morning I am DR Rajput, Pulmonologist. I deal with the respiratory disease which include Asthma, COPD and sleep apnea. The sleep disorder, sleep apnea is very common these days. People snore and they do not know that they have a disease.

I am going to talk about, "Why do people snore and how it affects your health?"

You know the structure. We breath through nose and we eat through mouth. There is a pasaage in the neck behind the tongue where the food and the air we inhale pass through it. But when we sleep, our posture changes due to which muscles get relaxed and makes the passage narrow. Then the tongue drops and makes it further narrow. If you are over weight, due to the neck fat, the passage gets further narrow. So, when the air passes through the narrow passage, it produces snoring. The stage beyond snoring when the two valves in the neck meet each other, the air flow stops and cause Apnea. When the air flow stops, the oxygen level in the body goes down, the brain gets aroused and sends the signal to these muscles and then you ultimately snot and this snotting opens the passage a bit. So, this repeatedly occur in the night and this results in oxidative stress. BEcause 1/3rd of your life, you are sleeping, i.e, 8 hours out of 24 hours.

So, during sleep, if the air flow is less which is called Hypopnea, the air flow stops is called Apnea. This leads to Endothelial dysfunction, which leads to High blood pressure, diabetes, cardiac problems.

So, it is important to know about Sleep Apnea and its relation to lifestyle diseases like hypertension, diabetes, cardio vascular diseases.

The diagnosis is very simple these days which is Polysomnography. It is a sleep study in which we record the brain EEG, EOG, EMG, air flow, snoring, oxygen saturation ECG. This gives an index which is called Apnea Hypopnea Index. If the Index is more than 5 than you have to be treated.

The commonest treatment which is available these days is the CPAP Therapy. CPAP is a very simple therapy. There is a mask which fits on the nose and it is connected to a hose pipe to a machine. The machine gives pressure to the air and this pressure splints this air way and the air flow is maintained. Oxygenation maintains, snoring stops and oxidative stress dissapears. This helps in controlling blood pressure, the diabetes become normal and the risk of cardio vacular problems decreases.

Thank you very much for listening to me.

If you want to consult us, come to our clinic or contact through Lybrate.
Play video
Insomnia (Sleep Disorder)
Hello friends,

I am Dr Vikas Deshmukh.

I am a psychiatrist and sexologist working in Manovikas Clinic at Vashi, Sector 17.

To aaj hum baat karenge Insomnia ke baare mein, Insomnia yani neend kam aana toh aaj kal mai jo patients dekhta hoon usme every alternate patient mai insomnia ka dekhta hoon neend ki takleef hai. Toh itni takleef ye problem badd gayi hai stress aur tanav ki wajah se jaise ki aajkal is century ko century of insomnia bolne lage hai. So jab neend aapko nahi aane ka koi bada karan nahi hai jaise ki depression, anxiety, or psychosis toh mai neeche jo aapko bata raha hoon us tarike se aapka neend aane ke pattern mein sudhar kar sakte ho. Sabse pahla cheez hai yeh ek fix routine sone ka banana sone ka ek fix timing rakho, uthne ka ek fix timing rakho, bahut sare patient bolte hain ki sir nahi kal raat ko teen baje tak neend nahi hai toh hum nau-dus baje tak sote rahe. Initially aapko thoda taklif hoga jaldi uthna main agar neend late aati hai toh bhi thoda sa aapko thakan lagega lekin do teen din mein agar aap uss fix time pe uthna chalu rakhoge toh dheere dheere neend jaldi aayega, agar aap aisa nahi karte ho aur aap late uthte ho toh aap apna need complete karte ho late tak so ke aur phir aapko neend usi time pe aana chalu hoga ki late sona or late uthna. Toh fix time pe uthna bahut zaroori hai aur fix time pe sona bhi bahut zaroori hai. Dusri cheez sone se pehle ek apna ek fix routine rakna jaise ki thoda sa doodh peena, kisi kisi ko doodh peena achha lagta hai, khana thoda jaldi khana bhi zaroori cheez hai, gungune pani se ya warm water se baath lena, relaxation karna, reading karna ye sab cheeze aap kar sakte ho, dusri cheez hai ki sone se ek ghanta pehle saree light aap dim kar dijiye aapke bedroom ka wagera tv, mobile, gadget koi bhi dekhna band kar dijiye kyunki light agar jab dim hoti hai, andhera jab chane lagta hai toh apna body chemical secrete karta hai apna brain, jisko bolte hain melatonin iska matlab woh apni body ko indication deta hai ki abhi aap ko thakan ho gayi hai abhi aap ka sone ka time ho raha hai, ab sona chahiye. Toh iss hisab se sleep ya neend dena body chalu kar deti hai, lekin agar aap bright light mein kaam karoge toh brain ko aisa indication hota hai ke nahi nahi abhi din hi hai, abhi bhi kaam karne ka time hai aur woh melatonin secrete nahi karta hai aur aapko fresh feel ho sakta hai, energetic feel ho sakta hai aur main aane mein dikkat ho sakti hai, iss cheez ki wajah se ek ghanta pehle saree lights dim karna bahut zaroori hai. Sone se sabse important cheez ki raat mein che baje ke baad chai, coffee, cold drink ya heavy exercise na kare, uski wajah se thoda excitement level barta hai aur aapka neend aane mein takleef ho sakti hai. Bed khali neend ke liye bed sleep and bad association baniye ki bed pe jaana hai matlab sona hai, bed par baith ke aap koi office ka kaam kar rahe hai, koi household work kar rahi hai yeh sab cheeze mat kariye, brain ka aur bed ka association aisa rakiye ki bed pe jana hai matlab sona hai, toh ek habituation ho jata hai woh ek neend ke sath association ho jata hai bed ka ki aane ke baad apne aap brain tyari karta hai sone ki, theek hai baki kaam aap baki jagah pe kijiye bed pe mat kijiye. Third thing sone se jab aap sone ke liye jayenge aur aapko neend nahi aati hai toh baar baar aap watch dekhna band kijiye clock watching stop kijiye theek hai iski jagah thoda sa breathing techniques karna, thoda sa mind relaxation karna, meditation karna, ya koi book padna dim light mein, ya koi jaise aap soothing music sun sakte ho ye sari cheeje aap kar sakte ho, dusri cheez koi bhi drug abuse karna alcohol jyada ye karna ye sab cheeze kum rakhna zaroori hai, temperature jo hai room ka hai woh cool rehna zaroori hai, cooll temperature bahut zaroori hai jab aap sote hain 22 se 25 degree ke beech mein rakhiye kyunki aap sabko pata hai ki sardiyo mein ya jab winter season hai usme humko bahut acche se neend aati hai. Toh ye kuch techniques hai neend thik se aane ke liye, agar iske bawajood bhi aapki neend, ha aur ek cheez hai ki din mein thoda exercise kijiye, exercise generally 30 minutes to 45 minutes 5 days in a week karna chahiye, thoda body mein thakan rahega toh neend bhi aapko bahut acche se aapayegi.

Toh yeh saare tips mai aap ko dena chahta tha acchi neend ke liye uske alawa agar aapko jyada problem hai aur jyada information chahiye toh please mujhe contact kijiye lybrate.com se.

Thank you very much for your patient listening.
Play video
Pulmonary Disorder: Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Good afternoon friends,

I am Dr Hemant Kalra, I am a pulmonologist.

Today I will talk about a very-very important topic that is Obstructive Sleep Apnea which is widely prevalent in our country but very-very underdiagnose and awareness is very-very less. So what is obstructive sleep apnea, those patients who snore very-very heavily, who feel tired or feel sleepy during the daytime they may have Obstructive Sleep Apnea. So what is normal breathing, normal breathing is when our upper airways they allow free air to go inside the lungs and out of the lungs, this is normal breathing. So what are the obstructive airways, obstructive airways is then these upper airways collapse and this collapse of upper airways causes snoring and sensation in breathing, this is abnormal breathing or obstructive breathing at night time when we sleep? So what are the symptoms, symptoms can be nighttime symptoms can be there or daytime symptoms can be there. Night time symptoms are frequent visits to bathroom, weakness, sensation in breathing, choking or gasping for air or loud a persistent snoring or restless sleep, these 5 can be there in the night time symptoms and daytime symptoms are early morning headache, lethargy, and poor concentration, poor memory, feeling asleep during and routine activities and daytime somnolence or daytime sleepiness, these are daytime symptoms. So what kinds of patients are prone to have obstructive sleep apnea. Those patients who are obese with a short and thick neck with large tongue or hypothyroidism such patients if they snore heavily or feel tired or sleepy during the daytime or if they have night time or daytime and symptoms they must be investigated for obstructive sleep apnea. So how to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea, there is a very small test called polysomnography that can be done at a house or in hospitals. That is conducted in two parts, one is diagnostic, one is titration in diagnostic. We diagnose, whether a patient is having obstructive episodes in the night or not, or in another part, if an obstruction is there what is the pressure required to eliminate those obstructions in the night time. So obstructive diagnostic and titration component one night sleep steady is more than enough. Once we diagnose obstructive sleep apnea then we have to treat it also. There are so many treatments available but gold standard till now is CPAP therapy Continuous Positive Airway Pressure therapy is the most appropriate therapy to treat obstructive sleep apnea and once you treated you will feel that next day if you get up you will feel very-very energetic and if you do not treat obstructive sleep apnea then you may have heart problems, rythm problems, your BP may not be controlled, your sugar may not be control, you may have strokes in future also. So, if you treat obstructive sleep apnea with CPAP therapy, it is a gold standard therapy in India it is widely available in our country but lack of awareness is there. It is a very important disorder you must be treated as early as possible.

Thank you.
Play video
Know More About Lifestyle Disorders
Namaste, I am Dr. Surjeet Kaur Baba, practicing Ayurveda physician, cosmetologist, skin anesthetic trichologist and nutritionist. Today we will talk on lifestyle disorders and how we can handle it with Ayurveda. Our lifestyle has taken a lot of toll on our health giving rise to many diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity and also depression. So how can we make changes in our lifestyle to handle it. It is very simple.

We need to incorporate more walk in our daily life, eat less or eat in a smaller plate.
We need to include diet like seasonal vegetables and fruits, have whole meals, have whole grains in your meals.
Let's incorporate yoga and pranayama.
Try to take maximum walk during the day.
Take the stairs in case if you are going to your office or your home.
Meditation plays imporatnat role in the improvement but sounds difficult. It's very difficult to meditate if you just start on your own but Ayurveda has a way to do it. It helps you through shirodhara. A stream of warm oil flows on to the center of the forehead. It's also known as a third eye. This stimulates the pituitary gland and gives you a very blissful experience. You should experience it in order to understand.
There are few medications available to help you in your weight loss. Medicines like Garcinia, Gogol, triphala, Nishod etc also help in losing weight and also helps in removing toxins from the body.
Last but not the least you need to grab good amount of sleep. A minimum of six to eight hours of sleep is essential for a sound health.Friends don't forget, you need not sleep during day time as it is totally contraindicated in Ayurveda. One can also relax by taking a Birmingham treatment in an ear by clinic.
Let us incorporate the Ayurveda way of lifestyle for sound health. For more information please visit www.lybrate.com. Thank you.

Play video
Know More About Depressive Disorders
I am Dr. Keerti Sachdeva. I am a psychologist counsellor. I have done PhD in psychology. In my clinic, Positive Vibrations, there is psychological counseling, testing and therapy that takes place. Today I am going to talk about depressive disorders or commonly known as depression.

What is these depressive disorder? Depressive disorder is a psychological disorder which comes under neurotic category and the symptoms are that person feels rejected, that person has got feeling of suicide, person feels lonely, worthless, hopeless and has got sleep problems, eating problems and have got no focus for concentration in work.

Now what are the types of depressive disorders? There are three types-

Diathermic depression
Clinical depression
Bipolar disorder.
Now, bipolar disorder is found more commonly with ladies and adolescence.

Now let us talk about the second type, which is the diathermic depression. It is a long rooted depression which may be present in a person for a long time and person may not come to know about it unless and until the person goes to a professional. It can also be treated with medicines and counseling as well as the other disorders which can also be very beautifully treated with medicine and counseling.

The third type which is most commonly found in ladies and adolescence is also called as clinical depression. Now clinical depression has also got the same symptoms as we discussed in the beginning. The symptoms are that first person feels low, depressed, lonely, dejected and has got sleep problems and eating problems. Person may also have suicidal tendencies and this can also be dealed nicely by taking counseling and with the help of psychiatric medicine.

Now how can depression be dealed and in what way people should you know take care about it? They should first in fact seek the help of a psychologist who will take the first hand diagnosis. If that depression is beyond borderline cases, then the first psychologists will ask you to take help from a psychiatrist, who will give medicine and alongside counseling will also happen. Now this counseling can be taken by a professional counselor who actually should be a psychologist by profession. Meaning that person must have taken a higher degree in the field of psychology who is a professional in the field of mind and behavior.

Now what a counselor do? The person has got in depth knowledge about what are the various therapies used in dealing with various kinds of disorders. When we talk about depressive disorders, the most important therapy, which is used is cognitive and behavioral therapy. Sometimes people also use rational emotive therapy which people may not know about but cognitive therapy actually talks about dealing with your intellectual side and in what way you can change your thought process, perception, observation, analysis and in what way you can implement these changes in your behavior. Even reducing your emotions which is a rational emotive side of the therapy works very well with people when it comes to depressive disorders and they can actually have become perfectly all right when they take counseling and medicine both put together.

For more information you can contact me through lybrate come. Thank you.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice