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Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor not required

Melatonin is known to be a hormone naturally produced in the body. Melatonin helps the body maintain its sleep cycle, what is more commonly known as the biological clock. On an average, humans work/stay awake for about 16 hours during the day and sleep for about 8 hours. This body cycle is regulated by Melatonin.

While Melatonin supplements do aid in the treatment of sleep disorders and jet lag, it is also useful in the treatment of other health problems like cancer.

Melatonin supplements should be taken exactly as per the doctor’s directions. If you are taking Melatonin to help you with a sleep disorder, take it about half an hour before you go to sleep. This is primarily because it takes some time for the drug to become effective. While the supplement may do wonders for some individuals, it may not function as effectively for others. In this case it is best to seek the doctor’s advice.

The most common side effects of Melatonin include frequent headache and an altered sleep pattern. Although very rare, an allergic reaction may occur resulting in hives, itching skin rashes and confusion, in which case a doctor should be consulted right away.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Somnologist before using this medicine.

Is It safe with alcohol?

Taking melatonin with alcohol may cause sleepiness and the effects may become even stronger.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

Noctura syrup is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.

Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery.

Does this affect kidney function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Does this affect liver function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Melatonin as ingredient
Nexgen Healthcare Pvt Ltd
Fourrts India Laboratories Pvt Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Aristo Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Akumentis Healthcare Ltd

Ovares Plus Capsule

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alkem Laboratories Ltd
Pharmanova India Drugs Pvt Ltd
Intel Pharmaceuticals
Akumentis Healthcare Ltd
Pulse Pharmaceuticals
Akumentis Healthcare Ltd
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alchemist Life Science Ltd
Alchemist Life Science Ltd
Suremed Lifecare Pvt Ltd
Ark Life Sciences Pvt Ltd
Koye Pharmaceuticals Pvt ltd
Akumentis Healthcare Ltd
Seagull Pharmaceutical Pvt Ltd
Melatonin It belongs to the class of tryptophan. It works on adenylate cyclase and the blocking of a cAMP signal transduction pathway, after binding to melatonin receptor type 1A. This drug triggers phosphilpase C.

Ques: What is Melatonin?

Ans: Melatonin is a medication which has Melatonin as as an active hormone present in it. This medicine performs its action by controlling daily sleep cycles. Melatonin is a natural hormone that is produced by pineal gland of the body. Melatonin is used to treat conditions of Insomnia. It also boost natural sleep and helps to cure sleep disorders.

Ques: What are the uses of Melatonin?

Ans: Melatonin is used for the treatment and prevention from conditions and symptoms of Insomnia. Besides these, it is a natural sleep hormone and helps to cure sleep disorders. The patient should inform the doctor about any ongoing medications and treatment before using Melatonin to avoid undesirable effects.

Ques: What are the Side Effects of Melatonin?

Ans: This is a list of possible side-effects which may occur due to the constituting ingredients of Melatonin. This is not a comprehensive list. These side-effects have been observed and not necessarily occur. Some of these side-effects may be serious. These include difficulty in high blood pressure, seizures, depression and bleeding disorders. If any of these symptoms occur often or on daily basis, a doctor should be urgently consulted.

Ques: What are the instructions for storage and disposal Melatonin?

Ans: Melatonin should be stored at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Keep it away from the reach of children and pets. A doctor should be consulted regarding the dosage of Melatonin. The patient should consult a doctor for its further uses and side effects and should inform the doctor about any ongoing medications and treatment before using to avoid undesirable effects. It is important to dispose expired and unused medications properly to avoid adverse effects.
What are you using Melatonin for?
Stomach Pain
jet lag
How much was the improvement?
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 2 hours
More than 2 days
Within a day
Within 6 hours
Within 2 days
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Not taking on daily level
Twice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
With or without food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
skin rashes
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir I have on antidepressant on last Four year and now my marriage is In 1 month I exercise regularly please give me any advice for sexual enhancement. Sir I have suffering from precum in very short erection.

MD-Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS)
Sexologist, Haldwani
Sir I have on antidepressant on last Four year and now my marriage is In 1 month I exercise regularly please give me ...
Hello- Anti-depressant drugs have certain chemicals in the composition such as serotonin, melatonin, dopamine, inhibitors, tri-cyclics, etc. that severely affect the emotions of love in both the males and females along with decreasing the sexual push or aggression, thereby degrading the conjugal life of a couple to a large extent. This is indeed a matter of serious concern because ultimately the happiness and health are at stake. At some point of time, an individual affected by such problems tend to distance away from his or her partner and also isolates from other people. He or she cocoons in a shell and this gives rise to another form of depression. As each of the symptoms is related to lifestyle issues, therefore, at first it is important to balance these. Ayurveda today has become a very crucial cure in such cases. The specialists are also recommending the use of same in the treatment of libido.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, Increase of Melatonin in the body. Kidneys are leaking protein crystals. I'm concerned about my kidney too. I'm afraid to eat much and I usually cannot figure out that what to eat and not. Feel tired too.Please suggest how can I maintain my kidney health.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Delhi
Hi, Increase of Melatonin in the body. Kidneys are leaking protein crystals. I'm concerned about my kidney too. I'm a...
Dear sir, you should take light easy digestable food, avoid maida, udad dal, rajma,chole ,fatty and oily food.
2 people found this helpful

Hi, I can not sleep till 3 am or sometime whole night not even get drowsiness in day so can I take natural melatonin 3 mg or 10 mg or some other brand is it safe to take is really effective its it a sleeping pill please advice.

Homeopath, Chennai
Hi, I can not sleep till 3 am or sometime whole night not even get drowsiness in day so can I take natural melatonin ...
Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which a person finds it difficult to fall asleep or to stay asleep. Insomnia also includes poor sleep quality, restless sleep, waking up several times during sleep, and feeling un-refreshed or tired after waking up.  Homeopathy provides a very safe, effective and non-habit forming treatment of both types of insomnia — acute and chronic. Since the Homeopathic medicines are sourced from natural substances, there are no side-effects. While Insomnia lasting less than a month is considered acute, if the condition continues for more than a month, it is referred to as chronic Insomnia. There are various causes of Insomnia. The prominent ones are stress, grief, depression, emotional disturbance, intake of stimulants like coffee and alcohol, and a huge number of medical reasons (like heart diseases, breathing disorders, thyroid problems, and rheumatoid arthritis). Insomnia is also one of the major concerns in elderly people. You can easily take an online consultation for further treatment guidance and permanent cure without any side effects Medicines will reach you via courier services

I am having small baby girl is now 9 months Her problem is that she can sleep in the night and I was giving her medicine pedicloryl 5 ml. Daily night. But this medicine is safe for her and how long I can give her this medicine. Please help me.

BHMS, Diploma in Nutrition and Health Education (DNHE), CNCC
Homeopath, Bhopal
I am having small baby girl is now 9 months Her problem is that she can sleep in the night and I was giving her medic...
Dear Lybrate User, Pedicloryl Syrup is a medicine that is used for the treatment of Insomnia (lack of sleep /decreased sleep) and other conditions. Pedicloryl Syrup is composed of the following active ingredients (salts) Triclofos Sodium (500 MG. Pedicloryl Syrup works by acting on the melatonin receptors in the brain. Pedicloryl Syrup Uses: Pedicloryl Syrup is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of Insomnia Pedicloryl Syrup - Side-effects: Nightmares Headache Rash Dizziness Flatulence Confusion Instead of using this for long term, Rule out the main cause of insomnia and give her Healthy alternative. For Complete Cure and detail consultation you can consult privately.
2 people found this helpful

I TAKE cilacar bds, PRAZOSIN 5 bds, valium 5,deplatt 75, rosuvas DGLY COME T5 BDS BUT I CAN NOT SLEEP well and bp fluctuates. CAN I TAKE MELATONIN5?

MD - Alternate Medicine, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Mohali
I TAKE cilacar bds, PRAZOSIN 5 bds, valium 5,deplatt 75, rosuvas DGLY COME T5 BDS BUT I CAN NOT SLEEP well and bp flu...
Try ashwagandha or tagar natural herbs for sleep correction. Try ayurveda nasya karma and shirodhara which can help you to sleep rather then allopathic medication, as they carry a lot of side effects and are habbit forming. Also, you can try with pranayam and meditation as well, they can help you sleep well.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Benefits of Sleeping NAKED You Probably Didn't Know!

M.D. Natural medicine
Sexologist, Mathura
Benefits of Sleeping NAKED You Probably Didn't Know!

We always think of wearing something cosy to bed to get a good night's sleep. We even dress up kids to be comfortable and bundled up so they can get a sound sleep. Studies have shown that contrary to popular belief, sleeping nude is the best way to a sound sleep. In addition to good sleep, there are other benefits that have been identified too, as listed below:

  1. Improves sleep quality - While most of us think of keeping ourselves cosy in our nightwear leads to good sleep, science believes otherwise. A reduced core body temperature is what leads to better sleep. This happens when you sleep with no extra layers of clothes to keep you warm. Research conducted showed better depth of sleep and reduced number of awakenings when there are no extra clothing layers.
  2. Better skin and hair health - Melatonin and growth hormone are essential for anti-aging and they are released when the body temperature is cooler, which happens when sleeping in the nude. Growth hormone is essential for bone mineralization, improved immunity, and muscle mass building. Melatonin is a good hormone regulator, and manages the functioning of other hormones essential for our body. The armpits and groin area are always covered, and sleeping without clothes can help these areas breathe and feel fresher. The chances of yeast infection are also reduced.
  3. Reduced stress levels - The stress hormone cortisol is also optimal, both in release and function, when the body gets a good sleep. This is essential for better immunity and cognitive function, better sugar regulation. Reduced stress leads to reduced chances of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, etc. Therefore, sleeping without clothes helps to better equip you with fighting stress.
  4. Weight loss - Our body has two types of fat - brown and white. While fat helps to keep the body warm, sleeping without clothes burns more of this fat and thereby increases weight loss. Another mechanism also is that the good sleep that you get when sleeping without clothes helps improve metabolism, reduce fatty and sugar cravings, thereby further adding to weight loss.
  5. Improved relationships - Needless to say, getting into the habit of sleeping without clothes will help your sex life. The science behind it is the improved released of oxytocin, which is the cuddle hormone.
  6. Better sperm quality - The testes produce better sperm quality when body temperature is cooler, thereby improving male fertility. Warm clothes at night also has a bad effect on testosterone, which is essential for boosting libido and other male sexual features.

There you go - a lot of valid scientifically proven reasons to drop those night suits and pajamas off - what is more, there is also a cost saving here! In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3337 people found this helpful

Smartphones - Why Should We Avoid Them Before Bedtime?

MD - Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Vadodara
Smartphones - Why Should We Avoid Them Before Bedtime?

For most of us, our smartphone is the first thing we look at in the morning and the last thing we check before going to bed. But, is it a right practise? Well, it is not. As per a recent study published by the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, using a smartphone right before bedtime actually reduces the overall quality of sleep. 

Here's how:

  • Difficulty in falling asleep - We feel sleepy when our brain releases a hormone called melatonin, which is determined by the body's circadian rhythm. The blue light emitted by the screen of the smartphone interferes with this rhythm and the secretion of melatonin, which makes it difficult for us to fall asleep, even after we keep our phone aside. 
  • Poor quality of sleep - Using a smartphone before going to bed also hampers the overall quality of sleep because, when we check an office email or a text message as the last thing before we sleep, it gets difficult for our brain to relax, due to which we are unable to sleep peacefully.
  • Decreased attention span - Our productivity suffers during the day, due to lack of proper sleep at night. Also, not getting enough sleep is known to hamper our decision-making skills, impair our long & short-term memory, which leads to unnecessary stress and anxiety.
  • Increased risk of weight gain - Our body is more likely to feel hungry when we don't get our due share of sleep, as sleep deprivation slows down our metabolism. Thus, use of smartphone right before bedtime can induce cravings, which lead to snacking and weight gain.
  • Weak immune system - While we are asleep our immune system produces antibodies that help fight infections, it also releases a protein known as cytokines. This protein not only promotes sleep but also fights inflammation and other problems caused by stress. Lack of sound sleep decreases the production of cytokines and increases the risk of falling sick, it also slows down our recovery cycle. Further, long-term sleep deprivation can raise the risk of diseases, such as diabetes, heart problems and obesity
  • Skin damage - Sleeping late at night and not getting enough sleep can lead to dark circles, puffy eyes and fine lines across our face. The blue light emitted by our smartphones triggers the secretion of cortisol, which can damage our skin's smoothness and elasticity.

Thus, even if we are spending only some time on our smartphone before going to bed, it affects our overall mental and physical well-being. Want to know more about the problems sleep deprivation can cause or solutions that can help, consult our expert & get answers to questions!

8889 people found this helpful

Benefits and Uses of Chamomile Tea

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai

Benefits and uses of chamomile tea

Most of the people have benefitted greatly from chamomile tea, so let’s take a closer look at some of its benefits and uses that impressed them.

1. Skin care

Due to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant-rich nature of chamomile tea, it is not exclusively used as a beverage. You can topically apply warm or cold chamomile tea to the site of irritations or skin conditions, such as eczema. Research has shown that this sort of direct application can significantly improve healing and lessen the appearance of blemishes and wrinkles on the face. Eliminating oxidative stress and boosting the immune response in these areas can do wonders for your skin.

2. Boosts immune system

If you want to strengthen your immune system to ward off infections, chamomile tea is the answer. There is a certain amount of phenolic compound in chamomile tea that is specifically linked to fighting bacterial infections in the body. Studies have shown that 5-6 glasses of this tea over a course of two weeks can significantly improve the body’s ability to fight infections.

3. Relieves menstrual discomfort

The anti-inflammatory nature of chamomile tea makes this relaxant a popular choice for women dealing with the symptoms of menstruation like bloating, cramping, anxiety, sweating, inability to sleep, and mood swings. Chamomile tea can directly affect many of these symptoms by soothing the mind and body, and reducing inflammation that may be causing discomforts.

4. Relieves stress

One of the most popular uses of a cup of chamomile tea is in the stress and anxiety treatment. After a long day at work, the warm, soothing nature of this beverage can help to increase the levels of serotonin and melatonin in your body. These levels can successfully eliminate stress and worry, while also slowing down your mind and eliminating the classic symptoms of anxiety. 1-2 cups of chamomile tea per day can do a significant help against chronic stress. Again, while pregnancy can be a stressful time, it can cause an increased risk of miscarriage.

5. Induces sleep

In a similar way that chamomile tea can ease stress and worry, it can also be an overall sleep aid, particularly for people who struggle with restless, non-restful or rejuvenating sleep. Even those struggling with sleep apnea and other disorders may benefit from the effects of chamomile tea. Drinking a warm cup of non-caffeinated chamomile tea can help you fall asleep faster and wake up feeling more refreshed.

6. Manages diabetes

Research has shown that chamomile tea can be useful for people suffering from diabetes. By helping to lower blood sugar levels and regulating the amount of insulin in the blood, the powerful organic chemicals in it help to eliminate massive drops and spikes in blood sugar.

7. Treats stomach issues

If you are suffering from stomach irritation, ranging anywhere from mild bloating to ibs symptoms, chamomile tea can be a major help. It has anti-inflammatory properties that help to ease the twisting nature of your gut and allow for the passage of gas and smoother bowel movements. A single mug of chamomile tea can make you feel better, but continuous use of this can help to prevent serious conditions from developing in your gut.

8. Hair care

Apart from all of the impressive attributes of chamomile tea, many users claim that it improves the appearance and strength of the hair. While the anti-inflammatory components can help to alleviate irritation on the scalp, the stronger chemicals can fortify the strands of your hair, eliminate dandruff, and generally give your hair a better, silkier look.

2 people found this helpful

Big Bad Blue Light

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Big Bad Blue Light

Can you recall a time when you are lying in bed or in a dark room starting at your mobile phone screen or your laptop? Maybe you have an email to send just before you head to bed, or you have to finish that last stage of Candy Crush before you retire to bed?

The light that is emitted from your phone or your computer is called 'blue light' and it is harmful at night. Let's see why.

Your Normal Circadian Rhythm

For millions of years, the sun has been the primary source of light for all creatures on earth, including humans.

It is rare for us to require any artificial sources of light during the day, unless we are in a closed space that lacks windows. While daytime is great for light, night is a different story. How many of you can recall a time when we did not have mobile phones, advanced electronic gadgets or energy efficient light bulbs (compact fluorescent lights, or CFL), and relied on good old tube lights or low voltage light bulbs to illuminate our houses?

Our body has an internal clock that makes it active in the day time and sleepy at night. This circadian rhythm is responsible for keeping us alert and attentive, and relies heavily on external light. The average length of one circadian rhythm is 24 and one quarter hours (24 hours and 15 minutes). This varies in people who have late nights or those who work night shifts.

Our circadian rhythm depends on the release of melatonin, a hormone released in the brain that helps us sleep. In the daytime, the hormone levels are very low, while at night they are high and help you fall asleep. However, if you are exposed to light for long hours at night by staring at your phone or computer or even when sleeping with the light on, your melatonin levels will remain low. This could alter your circadian rhythm, confusing your brain and keeping you awake for longer.

Blame The Blue

There are various wavelengths of light emitted from electronic gadgets and energy saving light bulbs. However, blue light seems to be the most notorious one. Interestingly, CFLs contain about 25% of harmful blue light and LEDs contain about 35% of harmful blue light.

In one experiment that was conducted at Harvard University, it was found that exposure to blue light for 6.5 hours suppressed melatonin release for twice as long as the same duration for green light. It also shifted the circadian rhythm by 3 hours. In another experiment conducted in Toronto, people who were exposed to bright light but were wearing blue-blocking goggles had the same levels of melatonin compared to those who were in a dimly lit room.

Another study looking at teenagers using their mobile phones or gadgets in the night found that just one hour's exposure to blue light reduced melatonin levels by 23%. In two hours, it reduced further to 38%.

Similarly, red light seems to have almost no effect on the circadian rhythm as compared to blue light. Some people even advise using a dark red light as a bed light as it would not interrupt sleep patterns.

The Harmful Effects Of Blue Light

So what effect does blue light really have on the body? Sadly, it is not just about it affecting one's sleep. Excessive exposure to blue light has now been linked to weight gain, heart disease, depression and even some forms of cancer.

Melatonin has anti-cancer properties, and low levels of it at night can increase the risk of cancer. In one study, women who worked night shifts had low melatonin levels and a 50 - 75% greater risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetime.

People who are exposed to blue light at night have a lower level of insulin production. This means that any snacks eaten when staying up late are not broken down into glucose and used by the body. Instead, they are converted to fat and increase body weight. Not just that, the low insulin levels mean that diabetes can be a complication of blue light exposure.

2 people found this helpful

5 Things To Help You Sleep Better!

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
5 Things To Help You Sleep Better!

Lack of sleep can make you feel tired, worn-out and less productive the next day. However, it might not be your fault entirely because the brain tends to become active when the body is at rest, which could be a reason why you aren’t getting enough sleep at night.

Here are a few tips which might be useful for you to sleep at night:

  1. Keep your room dark: Even the faintest light from your mobile is enough to disrupt your sleep. Thus, try and switch off all your lights and gadgets before going to sleep. If doing that doesn’t help either, use an eye mask to keep the light out.

  2. Carefully select your dinner: Don’t go to bed hungry or overstuffed because either of them might cause discomfort while sleeping and lead to a disruption in your sleep. Also, limit your alcohol consumption at night to refrain from making numerous trips to the washroom. Avoid consuming nicotine and caffeine before going to bed as they take a long time to wear off and can cause havoc in your sleep routine.

  3. Don’t exercise before going to bed: Exercising daily is a necessity as it keeps your body healthy and in shape, but exercising right before going to bed can be disruptive as it might make you more pumped up due to the adrenaline rush. Thus, you should avoid exercising heavily right before going to bed.

  4. Plug out all your devices: Create a technology free zone by plugging out all your devices one hour prior to your usual sleep time. The blue light radiated from your devices can trick your brain into believing that it is daylight and cause a disruption in circadian rhythm (which is an ongoing 24-hour physiological process which is regulated by external factors such as sunlight and temperature).

  5. Consume snooze food: Certain food items can be classified as snooze foods as they ensure better sleep at night. Warm milk contains ‘tryptophan’ which is a precursor to melatonin (hormone that is responsible for the onset of sleep) and ensures better sleep or you could have a spoon of honey which releases ‘orexin’ (a chemical that affects wakefulness and appetite) that reduces alertness levels.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


4814 people found this helpful
Table of Content
About Melatonin
When is Melatonin prescribed?
Key highlights of Melatonin
Medicines containing Melatonin
How does medicine works?
Melatonin Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):