Melatonin is primarily used to treat sleep disorders (insomnia) and circadian rhythm disturbances (ie, jet lag). This medicine is FDA approval only as an orphan drug and is prescribed for treatment of circadian rhythm sleep disorders in blind people with no light perception.
Melatonin is known to be a hormone naturally produced in the body. Melatonin helps the body maintain its sleep cycle, which is more commonly known as the biological clock. On average, humans work/stay awake for about 16 hours during the day and sleep for about 8 hours. This body cycle is regulated by Melatonin.
Melatonin supplements should be taken exactly as per the doctor’s directions. If you are taking Melatonin to help you with a sleep disorder, take it about half an hour before you go to sleep. This is primarily because it takes some time for the drug to become effective.
While the supplement may do wonders for some individuals, it may not function as effectively for others. In this case, it is best to seek the doctor’s advice. This medicine is also useful in the treatment of other health problems like cancer.
The most common side effects of Melatonin include frequent headache and an altered sleep pattern. Although very rare, an allergic reaction may occur resulting in hives, itching skin rashes and confusion, in which case a doctor should be consulted right away.
Primary use of this medicine includes:
The common side effects of this medicine are as follows:
Increased Potassium Level In Blood
Is It safe with alcohol?Taking Melatonin with alcohol may cause sleepiness and the effects may become even stronger.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?Melatonin is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery.
Does this affect kidney function?There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Does this affect liver function?There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
What is the onset of action?The action of this medicine is initiated within 30 minutes after its administration.
How long is the duration of effect?The effect of this medicine will remain active for about 2 hours after its administration.
Are there any missed dose instructions?Missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. It is recommended to skip your missed dose, if it is the time for your next scheduled dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?Contact the doctor in case of overdose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Melatonin as ingredient
This medication belongs to the class of tryptophan. It works on adenylate cyclase and the blocking of a cAMP signal transduction pathway, after binding to melatonin receptor type 1A. This drug triggers phospholipase C.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Medicine
Interaction with Disease
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