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Last Updated: July 02, 2019

Polysomnography - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Polysomnography?

With the times we live in, getting a good night rest is starting to elude us. We tend to be disturbed most of the times, and often we end up getting minimal sleep. Worse, in most cases, there is a complete lack of sleep, and we are left sleep deprived. Often these conditions lead to restlessness, depression, weakness and an inability to do any activity vigorously. There is a special branch of study and medicine that is designed to test our sleep patterns and the way our body behaves when we sleep. This is called as the Polysomnography test.

Often called a sleep study, it is a test that electronically transmits and records some physical activities while you are sleeping. With the data that is got, the doctors can identify if you have a sleep disorder and can suggest the alternative treatment plans to suit your needs. The treatment is also given as a part of the package when you have a psychological disorder. These tests are usually given across for older people who are trouble sleeping, but with the conditions, we are facing in the day to day lives; the treatment is also suggested for the younger lot nowadays.

What is the sleep study procedure?

As the name suggests, the sleep test is done while you sleep. You would be asked to stay overnight in the medical centre or a hospital. You would be taken to a quiet room, and before you sleep, some equipment that monitors your heartbeat and pulses are attached to your body. There are several kinds of study the doctor performs. The most common being your breathing patterns, oxygen supply to your blood and limb movements when you sleep. There are four types of the sleep study, and depending on your needs each one of them is performed. Diagnostic Overnight (PSG) is the general monitoring of sleep patterns. This is the most common form of test that is advised.

Diagnostic daytime multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT) is the second type and is used to check your sleep patterns during day time and the frequency in which you sleep across in a calm daytime environment. Two-night evaluation is a combination of sleep test that can test your general status on one day and on the second day the same pattern would be repeated with artificially induced agents like oxygen masks, fabricators, etc. Split-night PSG with CPAP titration is the last type and can be done when you have severe sleep disorder patterns or sleep apnea. These treatments are extremely safe, and if you have any concerns, you can check with your physician.

How long do you need to sleep for a sleep study?

Polysomnography or sleep study is done to diagnose how much sleep a person is getting and what are the sleeping disorders. In this, your brain waves, heart rate, the oxygen level of blood and breathing is recorded. Movement of eyes and legs are also recorded during the study. The normal sleep cycles are at night and the cycle between NREM and REM is mostly about 90 mins.

What Are the Risks Associated with a Polysomnography?

The process of polysomnography is painless thus it is relatively free of risks. There can be slight skin reactions like irritation from the adhesive of the electrodes which are used on the body.

Who would need a Polysomnography?

Almost everyone who has trouble sleeping or having sleep disorders can undergo these procedures. These can be experienced irrespective of age or gender and in some cases can actively be done as a part of psychological evaluation treatment. Medications can take care of most of the sleep disorder patterns. In some cases when the nature of the disorder is not clear, these tests are prescribed.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The treatment and tests can be carried out everyone. Instead of sleeping in a familiar place you would be asked to sleep in the sleep centres or the hospitals to monitor your patterns. The tests can be performed on people of all ages.

What are the side effects of the sleep study test?

There are no side effects to these treatments. You would sleep in a medical centre or a hospital with the equipment like electrodes and wires attached to your body. Though it looks uncomfortable at first, most people do not have any issues in sleeping and in displaying their regular sleep patterns. The next day the electrodes can get sticky, and you might need to wash the glue off.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post the treatment the doctor would come to remove the electrodes and wires attached to you. They can be a bit sticky, and you can wash them off. After which you can get back home and carry on your routine. Later when the results come, you can consult with your doctor regarding your sleep pattern and the various changes that need to be made. The medications needed and the changes to the lifestyle may be discussed at this point.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no need of a recovery as the test is painless and you can get back to your routine work from next day. You will not be feeling any delusion or any side effects as you would not be injected with any medication during the test. Polysomnography implies records your sleep patterns and the way your body reacts when you sleep.

How much does a sleep study test cost in India?

In India, the treatment costs depend on the type of medical center you are undergoing the treatment. On an average, it might cost about INR 1000 for an overnight stay, and the consultation fees and the medications post the test can be additional.

Is sleep disorder curable with a sleep study test?

The results of the test are not permanent. You can get back to your routine post the treatment, and you would be consulting with your doctor later when the results arrive. Based on the reports the doctor would advise you upon the changes needed and the medications that need to be followed. Sleep disorder can occur at any stage of life and can depend on a number of situations. Hence one form of treatment may not be beneficial for all.

What are the alternatives to the Polysomnography?

As an alternative to the treatment, you can identify what is causing you the stress and can try to minimize on your own. You can indulge in regular workouts and exercises to keep your body fit and healthy. Opt for yoga and meditations so that you can have more control over your sleep patterns. Try the foods that make you sleepy.

Key Highlights

Safety: Very High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Very Low

Side Effects: Very Low

Recovery Time: Very Low

Price Range: RS. 1000 and above

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