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Last Updated: Oct 15, 2019
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Polysomnography - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is Polysomnography? What are the types of sleep study tests? What happens during a sleep study? Are there any side effects? What Are the Risks Associated with a Polysomnography? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Polysomnography?

In this lifestyle, full of stress and pressure, we end up getting minimal sleep. In most cases, there is a complete lack of sleep and we are left sleep deprived. Often these conditions lead to restlessness, depression, weakness and an inability to do any activity vigorously. There is a special branch of study and medicine that is designed to test our sleep patterns and the way our body behaves when we sleep. This is called as the Polysomnography test.

Often called a sleep study, it is a test that electronically transmits and records some physical activities while you are sleeping. With this data, the doctors can identify if you have a sleep disorder and can suggest the alternative treatment as per your needs. The treatment is also given as a part of the package when you have a psychological disorder. These tests are usually given across for older people who are suffering from trouble sleeping, but with the conditions, we are facing in the day to day lives; the treatment is also suggested for the younger lot nowadays.

What are the types of sleep study tests?

There are four types of the sleep study and depending on your needs each one of them is performed.

  1. Diagnostic Overnight (PSG) is the general monitoring of the sleep patterns. This is the most common form of test that is advised.
  2. Diagnostic daytime multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT) is the second type and is used to check your sleep patterns during day time and the frequency in which you sleep across in a calm daytime environment.
  3. Two-night evaluation is a combination of sleep test that is based on your general status on one day and on the second day the same pattern would be repeated with artificially induced agents like oxygen masks, fabricators, etc.
  4. Split – night PSG with CPAP titration is the last type and can be done when you have severe sleep disorder patterns or sleep apnea. These treatments are extremely safe and if you have any concerns, you can check with your physician.

What happens during a sleep study?

A sleep study or polysomnography is done to diagnose the sleeping disorders of a person namely sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and insomnia. In this process, the patient needs to spend the night in the sleep laboratory. When you sleep, electrodes are attached to your body and head which monitors your brain waves, breathing and movement. You are monitored over a camera while you sleep. Your anxiety levels are also kept under notice as it is not very easy for a person to sleep at a new place.These treatments are extremely safe, and if you have any concerns, you can check with your physician.

How long do you need to sleep for a sleep study?

Polysomnography or sleep study is done to diagnose how much sleep a person is getting and what are the sleeping disorders. In this, your brain waves, heart rate, the oxygen level of blood and breathing is recorded. Movement of eyes and legs are also recorded during the study. The normal sleep cycles are at night and the cycle between NREM (Non-rapid eye movement) and REM (rapid eye movement) is mostly about 90 mins.

Who needs Polysomnography?

Almost everyone who has trouble sleeping or having sleep disorders can undergo these procedures. These can be experienced irrespective of age or gender and in some cases can actively be done as a part of psychological evaluation treatment. Medications can take care of most of the sleep disorder patterns.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The treatments and tests can be carried out everyone. Instead of sleeping in a familiar place you would be asked to sleep in the sleep centers or the hospitals to monitor your patterns. The tests can be performed on people of all ages.

Are there any side effects?

No, there are no side effects to these treatments. You would sleep in a medical center or a hospital with the equipment like electrodes and wires attached to your body. Though it looks uncomfortable at first, most people do not have any issues in sleeping and in displaying their regular sleep patterns. The next day the electrodes can get sticky, and you might need to wash the glue off.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Post the treatment, the doctor would come to remove the electrodes and wires attached to you. They can be a bit sticky, and you can wash them off. After which you can get back home and carry on your routine. Later when the results come, you can consult with your doctor regarding your sleep pattern and the various changes that need to be made. The medications needed and the changes to the lifestyle may be discussed at this point.

What Are the Risks Associated with a Polysomnography?

The process of polysomnography is painless thus it is relatively free of risks. There can be slight skin reactions like irritation from the adhesive of the electrodes which are used on the body.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no need of a recovery as the test is painless and you can get back to your routine work from next day. You will not be feeling any delusion or any side effects as you would not be injected with any medication during the test. Polysomnography implies records your sleep patterns and the way your body reacts when you sleep.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

In India, the treatment costs depend on the type of medical center you are undergoing the treatment. On an average, it might cost about INR 1000 for an overnight stay and the consultation fees and the medications post the test can be additional.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the test are not permanent. You can get back to your routine post the treatment and you would be consulting with your doctor later when the results arrive. Based on the reports, the doctor would advise you upon the changes needed and the medications that need to be followed. A sleep disorder can occur at any stage of life and can depend on a number of situations. Hence one form of treatment may not be beneficial for all.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

As an alternative to the treatment, you can identify what is causing you the stress and can try to minimize on your own. You can indulge in regular workouts and exercises to keep your body fit and healthy. Also, you might opt for yoga and meditations so that you can have more control over your sleep patterns.

Key Highlights

Safety: Very High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Very Low

Side Effects: Very Low

Recovery Time: Very Low

Price Range: RS. 1000 and above

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering form sarcoidosis v/s. Tuberculosis on 2015 treated from aiims and I am cure on 2017 after that no medicine taken. Now on 10th January 2020 tussis continues from time to time my weight is also increased form 102 to 117 taken syrup alex & brozedex but not cure we have taken advice to doctor doctor suggest polysomnography test but test slot is not available up to august 2020. What we can do please suggest.

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Dear Mr. lybrate-user, weight increase could be due to steroid use. If you are not using steroids as medication, then you need to get your thyroid and a1c levels checked for thyroid & sugar diseases. Polysomnography is beneficial for sleep apnea p...
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Diagnosed as Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Hello, From last 11 years I have been suffering with Morning drowsiness, Fatigue & day time sleepiness for 15 days per month where I work more (mental and physically). From last 1 year, I thought to fight against it as I am unable to do my daily routines with this problem and hence I consulted NIMHANS, Bangalore and they came to conclusion that Depression and started T. Venlafaxine 225mg. I undergone sleep study (polysomnography) and finally it came as Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Respiratory Distress Index is 28/hr. The doctor said that brain is awakening many times though you are not waking at night due to which I am unable to relax fully and hence the fatigue and day time sleepiness. Does this Sleep apnoea can show as more fatigability, drowsy, morning sleepy when I do more work? Whats the relation between more work and next day drowsy if I have daily sleep apnea, does the body need more rest during more work and hence the problem is being faced at heavy mental work? why this problem cant be neurasthenia as that also occurs at when more mental & physical work is done? The doctors saying that I need to go for CPAP titration and then to CPAP machine. Over internet I read that oral based appliance is also being used for Sleep apnea, which one is best, user friendly and cost effective? Can I be fully normal after using CPAP machine as I being diagnosed as psychiatric until now?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I will suggest you to do only one blood test called as - serum folate levels with erythrocyte folate level and revert back with reports
1 person found this helpful

I am 43 years old male sir i am suffering from sleep apnea the snoring problem what should I do? please advise.

Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MBBS
ENT Specialist, Guwahati
First of all reduce your wait. You might be having over weight. A polysomnography is necessary. Cpap might help you.

Hi, I have a problem while I am sleeping. If I go to sleep snoring will comes loudly which disturb others. I tried all remedies available in internet. Is there any possibility to cure?

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
Polysomnography to be done this will show Obstructive sleep apnoea. Cpap with titration will address your problem.

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