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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

What is the treatment?

A Cognitive-behavioral therapy or a CBT as it is commonly called is known as a “Talk Therapy”. This is a therapy which focuses on your negativity in life and tries to channel your emotions and your thought process in a more positive way. This is achieved by a series of sessions with the counselor or the therapist. CBT can be very effective in treating mental disorders such as depression, post-traumatic disorder or in some rare cases, an eating disorder. It is basically done so that your life can become balanced and you would be able to live your life in a profitable way. The treatment would be laid out in a structured way, and your counselor would decide on the number of sessions you would need for betterment. The sessions usually focus on you to talk and make you responsible for your actions. These sessions also help you cope with grief or loss and help you deal with a mental illness. You might also be facing abuse or violence, and these treatments can assist you with relieving them and cope up with them. Drugs are rarely involved, and if involved they would work in tandem with other treatment options.

How is the treatment done?

The procedure is known as a talk therapy where you would be fixing up a specific time with the counselor. During these sessions, the counselor would try to get into your frame and focus on the things that bother you and things that bring out the negativity in you. In many cases, you would be requested to talk a lot and open up yourself. The counselor can start from your early childhood and can continue with your adult life. It would be only after five or six sessions that the real nature of the underlying condition would be discussed. It is the channel to experience and revisit painful memories, emotions, and experiences. You can also be physically drained from these sessions, but that is what these sessions are for – to be open about your condition. Also, the treatments can break your thought process, and you can look at many scenarios of life differently. You may be made to undergo certain activities in life that you normally would not do, due to fear or anxiety. For example, if you have trouble with crowds, you might be asked to go through a crowded marketplace just to let go of our fear. Drugs are involved only if needed and are used only as a last resort.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Any individual who is suffering from mental health disorders such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder or an eating disorder can be a candidate for the treatment. It can be done irrespective of gender or age. Since these types of treatment deal with the psychological imbalances of a person, they are advised upon more frequently to change his behavior patterns.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

here are no eligible criteria and every individual who is having trouble with the idea of existence and post traumatic syndrome can be a potential candidate for such therapies. Also, this treatment is imparted upon as a series of session and more of a talk between the counselor and the patient. Hence the treatment can be had irrespective of age or gender.

Are there any side effects?

There are no side effects for such treatment as they involve a series of talk between a patient and a counselor. There can be some medications and drugs involved at a later point of time, and in such cases, you might have to discuss with your doctor about the side effects and the nature of the effects the drugs can have on you.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You might have to make lots of changes to your lifestyle and your environment. The principal factor the therapist addresses upon is the shift in place that can focus you in the right direction. Also, the treatment identifies what is the reason for your condition and works on it from the root cause. You might have to stay away from the activities that cause it in the first place. For example, if the reason for your condition is due to the stress that you face in your work then you have to look for a change of workplace to control the emotions.

How long does it take to recover?

The treatment plan depends on every individual and is customized to suit every individual’s need. As a result, the length of the treatment may vary. It usually comprises of a session between a counselor and the patient and the average treatment plan would consist of between 10 to 20 sessions.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Again, this depends on the medical center and the number of sessions a person has. Each session can cost on an average about INR 300. In the case of medications being involved, the costs can be additional.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment works predominantly on the type of the condition one is treated with. Having said that- the results can vary from person to person. The treatment can be more permanent when the individual is more open to the treatment plan and how far he/she is cooperating with the counselor. Also, the results of the drug may vary.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The person, as an alternate treatment, can involve himself with activities that can keep him occupied with a favorite hobby or a pass time. Also, he /she can indulge in sports and recreation or can look for alternate options such as yoga or meditation. An individual has to accept himself first, and he/she can find the medium through various channels like traveling, exercises, and therapies.

Safety: High Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Recovery Time: Medium Price Range: RS. 300 and above

Popular Health Tips

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Can It Help With Dissociative Amnesia ?

Certified Course In Child Psychiatry, MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Can It Help With Dissociative Amnesia ?
Everyone forgets things once in a while, but for some people this forgetfulness can be a sign of a bigger problem. People who cannot remember important information about their life may be said to be suffering from dissociative amnesia. This can cause memory loss of specific events and themes or make the person forget a majority of their identity and history in general. This dissociative disorder can be mild or be severe enough to affect the daily functioning of a person. Lost memories cannot be brought back with treatment but treatment can help a person suffering from this disorder reconnect with people and feel secure in their surroundings. The treatment of this condition must be customized to the person s symptoms. Some forms of treatment for dissociative amnesia are: Psychotherapy: This is also known as talk therapy as it largely involves conversations between the patient and doctor. It is the main form of therapy used to treat this condition and can also act as an umbrella for many other types of therapy. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Cognitive therapy focuses on changing the person s behaviour. It focuses on thinking patterns and feelings that are harmful to the person self-image. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Dissociative amnesia is often associated with traumatic events. In such cases eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is used to address symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorders such as nightmares and flashbacks. Dialectic-Behaviour Therapy: People who have suffered from abuse or trauma may have severe personality disturbances which may include dissociative amnesia. In such cases, dialectic behaviour therapy may be used. Family therapy: Dissociative amnesia is often a recurrent condition and affects not only the life of the patient but that of his or her family as well. Hence therapy for the entire family is often necessary. Creative therapies: Cognitive therapy includes art therapy, music therapy etc. This allows patients to explore different ways of expressing their thoughts and feelings. Meditation: Meditation and practising relaxation techniques make people more aware of their internal stress levels and equip them to better handle their symptoms. Clinical hypnosis: When being used to treat this disorder, hypnosis allows a person to express thoughts and emotions they may have hidden form their conscious minds. Through hypnosis the patient can achieve a different state of consciousness through relaxation techniques, concentration and attention. Medication: Dissociative amnesia cannot be treated through medication but antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication can help deal with the disorder by calming the mind.
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Avoidant Personality Disorder (APD) - Ways It Can Be Treated!

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MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
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Avoidant Personality Disorder (APD) - Ways It Can Be Treated!
Don t like social gatherings? Have you always been the one who avoids family get together? If your answer is affirmative, then you are probably suffering from Avoidant personality disorder. Avoidant personality disorder is a psychological condition wherein, one feels extremely shy. Becoming overly sensitive to rejection and developing feelings of inadequacy are common signs of this disorder. This disorder can lead to problems in your work life and relationships. Symptoms With APD, the commonly surfacing symptoms would include disapproval and disregard of situations and people, rejection and embarrassment. It generally gets very difficult for the one to get acquainted with new people and form intimate relationships. One generally ends up misinterpreting people s comments and criticism thus, feeling angry and frustrated all the more. Causes The exact cause of APD has not been established yet. It is believed that environmental and genetic factors play a role in this disorder. People who are inherently shy and reserved are usually prone to developing this psychological anomaly. How do you treat APD? In order to treat APD, you can opt for the following modes of treatment: Psychotherapy: Cognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment option for APD wherein, the doctor counsels on how to change one s thinking patterns and thought process, thus, influencing his/her actions. Psychodynamic psychotherapy: Psychodynamic therapy involves you becoming aware of the unconscious thoughts. It helps you figure out how your past experiences frame your behavior. Your past emotional pains can be resolved with this technique so that you can move ahead with your life. Medications: Anti-depressant medications used to treat depression and anxiety can be used to treat APD.
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Audio Visual Entertainment + Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation

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Audio Visual Entertainment + Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation
Now, psychological problems can be managed better using cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation with Audio Visual Entertainment If you happen to suffer from anxiety, depression, or insomnia, then you could benefit from simulation techniques such as Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) or audio-visual entrainment (AVE). These methods can also be used to treat headaches, give up smoking and fibromyalgia. Read on further to gain an insight and consult with an expert to experience its benefits. CES and its benefits Cranial electrotherapy stimulation uses a small device about the size of a cell phone which helps in the stimulation of the brain and the cranium with a very low power current usually below four milliamps. The microcurrent helps in an enhanced production of endorphin that helps in the facilitation of deep levels of relaxation leading to a sense of well - being. The best thing about this particular therapy is that there is no known or seen side-effects and thus a safe procedure to be carried out. Besides the treatment of anxiety, depression, and disorders of the sleep, cranial electrotherapy stimulation is also proven to show a number of other benefits as well. It can be used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic disorder as well. Clinical studies have also revealed that the therapy is quite beneficial for cognitive dysfunction, traumatic injury of the brain and pain. Also, the therapy plays a crucial role in the enhancement of attention and concentration along with decreasing assaultive behavior. This simple handheld device can be purchased through a prescription for your physician. Audio - Visual Entrainment and its benefits The therapy combines the use of mild pulsating LED lights in the eye frames and psychoacoustic sounds in headphones for a quick deep relaxation by guiding the brain into various states of brainwave activity. Hence AVE is known as a mind machine that can help in the treatment of psychological and physiological disorders. The integration of neurotransmitter balancing, hypnotic learning, emotional and behavioral change helps in the immediate boosting up of the attention. This basically provides an all in one solution making the therapy both efficient and effective at the same time. In this audiovisual entertainment process, the adjustable sound makes it easier for the person to focus and relax in peace. The eye sets are specially designed for the allowance of left and right visual fields of each of eyes to be stimulated individually rather than the entire eye at once. Getting regular sessions of this therapy will make the effects last for a longer duration of time. You will be able to notice less stress, better focus and mood, improved quality of sleep, high energy, and enhanced creativity. So, if you are suffering from such issues as mentioned above, you can consult your physician to check if you are the right candidate for the procedure and reap the benefits.
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Does Couple Counselling or Therapy Really Work?

Ms. Shivani Misri Sadhoo 88% (50 ratings)
Post graduate in counselling psychology
Does Couple Counselling or Therapy Really Work?
In general, couples who are fleeting through distressed relationship doubt if couple counseling would never work for them or not or would it be a wastage of time and money and that stops them from seeking professional help from an expert who can save their relationship and marriage. The problem arises because there are myths about the low success rate of couples therapy. People with no experience of good counseling or who don t know about the subject, give the worst advice to distressed people. Couple Counselling is a waste of money , rather wear gems or consult an astrologer, do yoga, meet new people but don t trust a trained and certified expert who is trained and experienced especially to help distressed couples and to save their relationship and marriage. Delhi s eminent Psychologist and Couple Counsellor Shivani Misri Sadhoo tell us that the success rate of couple therapy is extremely high. She says there has been much research done to check the success rate of couple counselling and the results are always extraordinary, for example recently a research was done by the American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists, families and couples who have attended family or couples therapy sessions indicate high levels of patient satisfaction. Over 98% of those surveyed reported that they received good or excellent couples therapy. Respondents also reported improved physical and emotional health and the ability to communicate better at work after attending therapy. So how couple counselling work? Counsellor Shivani Misri Sadhoo says good couple counselling works on certain basic principles and that pulls out couples from their distressed state to a positive and healthy relationship condition. These principals are: 1. Good couple counseling changes the views of the relationship. First, the couple therapist helps both partners see the relationship in an objective manner. The therapist helps the couples to learn to stop the blame game and instead look at what happens to them when they involve each partner negatively. 2. Modifies dysfunctional behavior. Effective couple therapist attempts to change the way the partners actually behave with each other. This means that in addition to helping them improve their interactions, therapists ensures that their clients are not engaging in actions that can cause physical, psychological or economic harm to self or to their partner. 3. Decreases Emotional Avoidance Couples who avoid expressing their innermost feelings put themselves at a greater risk of becoming emotionally distant and hence grow apart. Effective couples therapist helps their clients bring out the emotions and thoughts that they fear expressing to the other person. Attachment-based couples therapy allows the partners to feel less afraid of expressing their needs for closeness. 4. Improves Communication An effective couple counsellor focuses on helping the partners to communicate more effectively. The new communication mode which the counsellor redevelops within couples is not abusive, nor does it ridicule partners when they express their true feelings. The counsellor helps the couples learn to listen more actively and empathically. 5. Promotes strengths Effective couple therapists point out the strengths in the relationship and build resilience particularly as therapy nears a termination. The point of promoting strength is to help the couple to gain back their trust, their love, their bliss and satisfaction which was put on the back burner by both the partners.

Emotional Block Or Fixed Ideas Make A Person Loser In Sex Or Relationship Or Goals

Dr. Lunkad Vaibhav 96% (7932 ratings)
MBBS, DIiploma in Yoga and Ayurveda, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), PGDPC
Sexologist, Pune
Emotional Block Or Fixed Ideas Make A Person Loser In Sex Or Relationship Or Goals
Emotional block or fixed ideas make a person loser in sex or relationship or goals Fear or suspicion (शक और डर-sad) create sometimes fixed ideas or emotional blocks. These fixed ideas or emotional blocks makes us a loser a failure a rot in love, sport, work, sex, marriage etc Treatment by eft or emotional freedom therapy tapping to each other by a couple works like cognitive behavior therapy or rational emotive therapy. Coming out, caring, challenging, completing helps a lot. Please look into the mirror and say to yourself" everything is ok and I am okay" or write it there. Also write" we love you. Absence of love appreciation and daring (lad-child) make a person dumb deaf and blind to the inner and outer world. So throw away all fear suspicion etc block and change the biological clock, throw away all past shauk and shock, keep with yourself the keys of happiness money papers etc and lock.
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Popular Questions & Answers

How much days it will take to go under cognitive therapy please guide how much time it should be taken.

Dr. K V Anand 97% (22138 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Cognitive therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapy developed by American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck. CT is one of the therapeutic approaches within the larger group of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and was first expounded by Beck in the 1960s. Cognitive therapy is always short term goal oriented and tailor made. Usually the therapy could range from one month to one year. Take care.

Sir, how much time it will take to get "COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY" please sir answer me.

Dr. K V Anand 97% (22138 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. Its goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior that are behind people's difficulties, and so change the way they feel. The treatment depends on the problem. Because each goal is taken separate, complete cure could take time. But goal oriented approach, each goal can be achieved around 4 to 6 weeks. Take care.
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I am very aggressive, sometimes I literally use very harsh words on other people, I think I need to change my nature to live a peaceful life with other people, I don't like to interact with unknown people, though I have tried to control my anger but I failed, I am scared that this may lead to some health issues, what should I do to control my anger? Any suggestions (personal life is totally disturbed, full of anxiety)

Dr. K V Anand 97% (22138 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user, Anxiety disorders are a category of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear, where anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a racing heart and shakiness. There are a number of anxiety disorders: including generalized anxiety disorder, a specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, and panic disorder among others. While each has its own characteristics and symptoms, they all include symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety medicines alone cannot cure anxiety disorders mainly because medicines do not alter behavior. Behavior change and Continuous practice of the changed behavior cure anxiety. I suggest anxiety education, progressive counseling and progressive psychotherapy. I assure you complete cure. I need to know more about your anxiety so that I will be able to diagnose it properly and provide you tips to overcome and manage your anxiety. Take care.
2 people found this helpful

I am a last year college student. I was good at public speaking and I got a lot of prizes during my schooling and good at studying as well. But from my childhood I was an introvert. At +2 time I started reading myself and started changing my behaviour but still I couldn't achieve the same. Now I am not that much introvert as before but still my behavioural skills are bad. I always fails to keep my relationships alive and making or interacting with people in a new place. Also fails to talk to someone for a long time. I would like to change this attitude but couldn't do that. Please help me to become more social.

Dr. Ashwini Vivek 93% (972 ratings)
Diploma in Family Medicine, M.Sc - Psychotherapy
Sexologist, Pune
It is good that you understand yourself so well and are trying to gain insight into yourself and seek help. I feel half of your battles is won already. Try and analyse yourself every now and then, pracitice some communication skill programs, inculcate them in your daily life and see how far you can go from there. To become social you need to stop worrying and just start enjoying company of other people.

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