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Overview

Sleep Study: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Sleep study is a test used to diagnose sleep disorders. Your brain waves, oxygen level in blood, heart rate, breathing rate along with your eye and leg movements are recorded and monitored during this process. If you are facing constant lack of freshness after sleep and daytime sleepiness, you can go for sleep study to find out the reason behind it. This study can help in determining the cause for breathing disorders, seizure disorders, sleep walking, bed wetting, physical discomfort, depression or hunger while asleep.

How is the treatment done?

To get sleep study done, you will have to go to the sleep centre in the evening so that your sleeping patterns can be recorded. The study may be conducted in daytime as well to cater to the needs of shift workers who are habitual to sleeping during the day. If you have already been diagnosed with sleeping disorder, polysomnography may help you with figuring out the treatment pattern. The first stage during the process of falling asleep is the non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep where your brain waves slow down considerably. Your brain waves are recorded by electroencephalography. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is the next stage. In this stage, your brain activity picks up and most of the dreams that you see are during this stage. All the stages and activities during your sleep are studied in detail during polysomnography. You will sleep in the centre like you do at your home. You are even allowed to carry the objects that you use and clothes that you wear before sleeping, to ensure comfort.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you are going through daytime drowsiness, sleep walking, constant restlessness, breathing disorders, depression and unusual behaviour during sleep or chronic insomnia; you should go for this treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are going through some other medical treatment, the troubles in your sleep pattern may be because of that. Consult a doctor and explain all your medical history before going for sleep study.

Are there any side effects?

The adhesive used to attach sensors to your skin may cause mild irritation in skin.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You can immediately return to your daily activities after polysomnography but you must schedule an appointment with your doctor soon after, to discuss the results of your study.

How long does it take to recover?

Polysomnography mostly has no side effects. You can resume your routine soon after. However, the problem you are diagnosed with may take quite some time to recover depending on its severity. The test results may take about two weeks to arrive.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Sleep study in India may cost anything between ₹8000 - ₹ 12000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

You will first be diagnosed with the problem that is causing troubles in your sleep and then, you will be treated for the same. These troubles may return with change in life situations.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There is no alternative to sleep study. However, you can avoid your sleeping troubles by some simple steps like changing your sleeping position, avoiding excessive alcohol or sedatives, maintaining good health by taking proper diet etc.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 8,000 - 12,000

Popular Health Tips

Effects Of Using Mobile Phones On Speech & Communication!

Masters In Speech Pathology & Audiology
Speech Therapist, Gurgaon
Effects Of Using Mobile Phones On Speech & Communication!

Cell phones have become a compulsory device for our times, as they give us access to voice and data services in almost every part of the world. Hazardous effects of cell phones are significant because they are kept on our bodies, in our pockets, or held in our hands. In a recent publication, it was seen that 56% of children between the ages of 10–13 have a smartphone. Also, it is seen that 25% of children between the ages of 2 and 5 have a smartphone. School-grade students today beg for smartphones more than even new dresses or shoes.

Effect of Using Mobile Phones on Speech and Communication

In today’s era, children using handheld devices are more likely to have delays in expressive speech. These children start talking much later than their peers. Since the cell phone does not respond back to their communication, children cannot develop a communication channel with it. Soon, they get accustomed to using signs and symbols for things rather than asking for the same. They just get used to the mechanical model of handling cell phones by following few simple steps. In human beings, speech is mastered gradually and progressively. If the child skips on the fundamentals of speech, which requires constant repetition of letters, consonants, syllables, and words, his speech tends to get delayed.

As per famous research conducted in Toronto, it was found that with every 30 minutes of screen time, the risk of delayed speech increased by 49%. Usually, infants should be able to communicate in sentences between three and four words, by the age of 2-3 years. However, those who spent the most time on handheld devices were found to struggle with communication skills. As per another popular study conducted in the UK, electronic gadgets may be blamed for 70% rise in speech problems in 6 years. Another famous study conducted in University College London found that screen time also had an impact on sleep of infants, which affected their brains.

As per the opinion of education leaders and speech specialists, many children are deprived of conversation with their family since they spend a lot of time on electronic devices. The noise and activity on a screen can distract a small child and cause a disconnect between them and their parents. Screen time is slowly replacing parent-child interactions which are critical for healthy development.

How to address this issue?

The best way to teach language to children is by interacting with them, talking with them, using different vocabulary, playing with them, being creative, and pointing things out to them. However, if you feel that owing to negligence your child already has issues with his speech and communication, then visiting a professional speech therapist and counselor can make a huge difference.

5629 people found this helpful

Smoking - How it Affects Your Skin?

Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine |, MBBS
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Smoking - How it Affects Your Skin?

In spite of several reminders about the ill-effects of smoking, you might still be an unperturbed chain smoker. Smoking is one vice that not only ruins the health of your heart, lungs and brain, but it also damages your skin. The changes smoking can bring about are usually gradual and hence we tend to overlook. A peek into the effects of smoking on your skin may curb your urge to smoke henceforth.

  1. Smoking increases chances of a scaly skin: You may not be aware that puffing cigarettes can make you develop a serious skin condition. Scaly skin or Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder but the chances of contracting this disorder are increased with every pack of cigarettes you smoke. Psoriasis has severe impacts on the kind of life you live. It might lead to estrangement from friends and acquaintances, making you end up lonely and depressed. Studies reflect smoking a pack each day for twenty years at a stretch increases your risk of developing a scaly skin by sixty percent.
  2. Smoking leads to irregular sleep patterns: It is frequently noticed that despite a full night's sleep, a person feels tired and overworked. The reason could be a lack of nicotine during your hours of sleep. This lack makes you uneasy in bed. Lack of sleep is always evident in the quantity and quality of work a person does.
  3. Smokers can have bags under their eyes: Do you wonder why make- up tips fail in freshening up your appeal? It could be the result of your bad habit of smoking. Though dark circles and bags under eyes are not indicative of other essential problems, they do make you look exhausted and elderly. Instead of using cold compress to get rid of these bags, try quitting cigarettes.
  4. Smoking can cause persistent scars and bruises: Smoking prevents or rather delays the process of healing. Researches show how nicotine leads to vasoconstriction. It constricts the small blood vessels in different parts of your body prohibiting blood flow to these parts. Scars and bruises take a longer time to heal because the oxygen in your blood doesn't reach them.
  5. Smoking will make you lose your radiant skin: If you have a beautiful, glowing skin, prepare to bid farewell to that glow. An excess intake of nicotine deprives your skin of oxygen. Your skin looks dehydrated. Smoking also drains out important nutrients like vitamin C which is known for its effects against skin damage.

A healthy skin is the easiest key to the secret of looking pretty and confident. Quit smoking and experience the wonderful effects. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist.

2634 people found this helpful

Back Pain and Bad Sleep

MBBS, MD - Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Pain Management Specialist, Jaipur
Back Pain and Bad Sleep

Pain related sleep disruption has affected a large number of people around the globe. Statistics has it that, in India, about 25% of the population suffers from pain-related sleep deprivation. Studies call it ‘the vicious cycle of pain and sleep’ as pain affects your ability to sleep and lack of sleep makes the pain even worse.

Back pain and arthritis are examples of some common pain-related medical disorders. People with these types of chronic pains have reported persistent sleeplessness or have had immense trouble falling asleep.

The following are the primary sleep disorders associated with chronic pain:

  1. Insomnia: It is a medical condition that is characterized by an inability to fall asleep no matter how physically exhausted you are. Insomnia can be acute (lasting for one night to a week) or chronic (that lasts for more than 3 weeks).
  2. Hypersomnia: It is a condition wherein you tend to sleep excessively; in this condition, you will have trouble being awake throughout the day or can fall asleep at any point of time.
  3. Sleep Apnoea: This is a sleep disorder wherein breathing pauses and resumes repeatedly. Risk factors include obesity, age and gender; it is more commonly observed in men. This condition can be chronic with symptoms such as snoring loudly or feeling very tired even after one has had a night’s sleep.
  4. Restless leg syndrome: It is a sleep disorder wherein you continuously move your legs while sleeping. However, this condition can also cause you to move your legs even if you aren’t sleeping.

Some of the causes of sleep disorders due to chronic pain are:

  1. Pain
  2. Worry and anxiety
  3. Sweating at night
  4. Depression and other mental disorders

Treatment

A pain and sleep disorder should be simultaneous as both the components of it, pain and sleep, are interrelated. Some of the ways people with chronic pain can still have a good night’s sleep are:

  • Limiting caffeine intake
  • Abstaining from alcohol and smoking, as these disrupt the sleep cycles, thus aggravating the existing pain.
  • Practicing meditation and other relaxation techniques
  • Pain killers or sleeping pills can be administered, but only with the doctor’s advice.
  • Hot water fomentation over painful area during night, for better sleep. 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2833 people found this helpful

Top 7 Possible Causes Of Weight Gain In Women!

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jaipur
Top 7 Possible Causes Of Weight Gain In Women!

The problem of obesity or weight gain is increasing by leaps and bounds among the people of almost all the age groups. This rising health issue is not only a reason for a bad figure and body shape but is also a major cause of in-numerous diseases. Especially, women are being affected by sudden weight gain in stomach and thighs because of several reasons. It is surprising to know that these reasons are not special or unknown but related to their daily life and living style.

Let’s explore the top 7 possible causes of weight in women:

Compromising on sleep

Maintaining a balance between work and family demands for compromises and the biggest sacrifice which women make here is proper sleep. Getting ready for work, making lunch, daily household chores, getting kids ready for school, everything leads to a lot of tiredness. To eradicate it, you need sufficient hours of rest. Studies have proved that lack of sleep increases the levels of Ghretin- a hunger hormone which leads to overeating and this results into excessive weight gain in a short period of time. Sleep is as important as a good diet to stop gaining extra calories. So, if you are also not taking a deep sleep, start it right away!

Depression

Depression and obesity are intertwined, symptoms of both the problems affect each other. If you have put on a lot of weight it can lead you to depression and vice versa. So, which one came first, no one exactly knows. When depression sets in, it affects your weight severely, the appetite control centre of the brain loses its power to decide how much to eat. This illness is most common among the women as they are stressed and sometimes get tensed very quickly. This issue if not treated at early stages can later give birth to serious diseases like diabetes, heart problems, thyroid and many more. You need to address this, before it takes a serious turn!

Menopause

At the age between 45 to 55 menstruation ceases in women and this is known as Menopause. But what it generally brings in is obesity. Studies show that about 35% of women aged between 50 to 55 are obese. The fat at the waistline increases after menopause and this is the major reason of weight gain. The lower levels of estrogens makes them eat more and remain physically inactive, all these processes ultimately increase the fat storage hence making them overweight. This problem is to be considered seriously before you are affected by any fatal disease.

Thyroid

Many more women than men suffer from thyroid and weight gain. This is because they undergo a lot of stress that finally affects their thyroid function. Mostly in this case the problems occur within the thyroid gland and appear later with a large imbalance in hormones. Thyroid, weight gain and menopause are therefore interrelated issues. If not cured at the earliest, it can be detrimental.

PCOD/PCOS(Polycystic Ovarian Disease/Syndrome)

Polycystic ovarian disease or Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which a female’s hormones are imbalanced. This disease has affected 5% to 10 % of women between the age group of 12 to 45 causing, irregular menstrual periods or even difficulty to conceive. If not treated on time it can lead to high insulin levels, obesity and ultimately heart diseases. The weight gained due to PCOD is difficult to lose. Hence it should be cured before this condition becomes disastrous.

Pregnancy

This happens most of the time that women put on weight when they are expecting. Moms to be need to take care in this condition otherwise excessive weight gain can lead to many serious issues during their delivery. Bring obese at the time of pregnancy will not expose you to some extremely fatal diseases but can affect your baby too. Obesity increases the risk to miscarriage, birth defects, premature birth, stillbirth and a lot more.

Finishing Remaining Food

Yes, this is the biggest and the most common cause of obesity, especially in women. With the fear of wasting their own cooked food, most of the women try to finish whatever is left over, hence giving obesity an easy way to devour them completely. Excessive unnecessary eating leads to the collection of fats and calories in the body. Not just this, the in between hunger pangs and food cravings also makes them eat more than needed, paving way for extra carbs.

These are the 7 leading causes of weight gain and obesity that portray how risky and harmful this problem has become, especially among women. If you fall under any of these categories, don’t wait till the situation becomes beyond control.
Smell the coffee before it gets cold!

4 people found this helpful

Sleep Disorders Can Be The Reason Behind Female Infertility - Says A New Study!

MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Sleep Disorders Can Be The Reason Behind Female Infertility - Says A New Study!

As per a recent study, women who suffer from sleep disorders are more at risk of infertility as compared to others. However, previously conducted studies linked sleep apnea specifically with infertility. 

Further, the study states that the risk of infertility is likely to increase with habits such as stress,  drinking, smoking, unhealthy habits, STDs and obesity. This new study offers evidence to show that women with sleep difficulties need to pay focus on healthy habits in order to ensure proper sleep if they are trying to conceive

 

12 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hii, from last 4 days I used to study at night from 9 pm to 4 am approx after that I prefer some breakfast type and sleeps upto 12 noon and after taking lunch took rest upto 4 pm. I following this schedule becoz I am not able to concentrate at day time. I also used to exercise at evening and meditates. So I want to ask that will it effect my health in any way. Please suggest me I am a student and if it will effect then how I can maintain it also I doesn't feel any frustration while studying pls suggest me if there is any chance of getting unhealthy.

MBBS, afih
General Physician, Cuttack
Dear The timings are quite suggestive of variation in your sleep timing s or circadian rhythm as it is called. It has definitely some impact on your health. But if it is a bare necessities for you then take care of your diet as well till your body gets habituated. But there is no point in over stressing your body for this sake. There might be other solutions as well, after all it's our mind set only. Take care.
3 people found this helpful

From one month im not having a good sleep I go to bed at 2: 30 am. Almost. My exams are also too close and there is a lot of pressure of it. Any advice for good sleep and getting remember everything I studied.

MBBS, Diploma in Cardiology, DTM&H(Diploma Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, PGD PPHC(Post graduate diploma in Preventive and promotive health care
General Physician, Kolkata
Hi Shameem, This commonly happens before exam particularly if u study well and u'll see what ever u have prepared well it will come to ur mind. Don't worry. Do morning walk for 30 min daily. Will bring sleep.U also do breathing exercise for 10 min before sleep.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Sleep Disorder
Good morning I am DR Rajput, Pulmonologist. I deal with the respiratory disease which include Asthma, COPD and sleep apnea. The sleep disorder, sleep apnea is very common these days. People snore and they do not know that they have a disease.

I am going to talk about, "Why do people snore and how it affects your health?"

You know the structure. We breath through nose and we eat through mouth. There is a pasaage in the neck behind the tongue where the food and the air we inhale pass through it. But when we sleep, our posture changes due to which muscles get relaxed and makes the passage narrow. Then the tongue drops and makes it further narrow. If you are over weight, due to the neck fat, the passage gets further narrow. So, when the air passes through the narrow passage, it produces snoring. The stage beyond snoring when the two valves in the neck meet each other, the air flow stops and cause Apnea. When the air flow stops, the oxygen level in the body goes down, the brain gets aroused and sends the signal to these muscles and then you ultimately snot and this snotting opens the passage a bit. So, this repeatedly occur in the night and this results in oxidative stress. BEcause 1/3rd of your life, you are sleeping, i.e, 8 hours out of 24 hours.

So, during sleep, if the air flow is less which is called Hypopnea, the air flow stops is called Apnea. This leads to Endothelial dysfunction, which leads to High blood pressure, diabetes, cardiac problems.

So, it is important to know about Sleep Apnea and its relation to lifestyle diseases like hypertension, diabetes, cardio vascular diseases.

The diagnosis is very simple these days which is Polysomnography. It is a sleep study in which we record the brain EEG, EOG, EMG, air flow, snoring, oxygen saturation ECG. This gives an index which is called Apnea Hypopnea Index. If the Index is more than 5 than you have to be treated.

The commonest treatment which is available these days is the CPAP Therapy. CPAP is a very simple therapy. There is a mask which fits on the nose and it is connected to a hose pipe to a machine. The machine gives pressure to the air and this pressure splints this air way and the air flow is maintained. Oxygenation maintains, snoring stops and oxidative stress dissapears. This helps in controlling blood pressure, the diabetes become normal and the risk of cardio vacular problems decreases.

Thank you very much for listening to me.

If you want to consult us, come to our clinic or contact through Lybrate.
Play video
How to Get Sound Sleep?
Know how Sleep can be managed
Play video
Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea - Causes and treatment
Play video
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. Symptoms may be present for years or even decades without identification, during which time the individual may become conditioned to the daytime sleepiness and fatigue associated with significant levels of sleep disturbance.
Play video
Insomnia (Sleep Disorder)
Hello friends,

I am Dr Vikas Deshmukh.

I am a psychiatrist and sexologist working in Manovikas Clinic at Vashi, Sector 17.

To aaj hum baat karenge Insomnia ke baare mein, Insomnia yani neend kam aana toh aaj kal mai jo patients dekhta hoon usme every alternate patient mai insomnia ka dekhta hoon neend ki takleef hai. Toh itni takleef ye problem badd gayi hai stress aur tanav ki wajah se jaise ki aajkal is century ko century of insomnia bolne lage hai. So jab neend aapko nahi aane ka koi bada karan nahi hai jaise ki depression, anxiety, or psychosis toh mai neeche jo aapko bata raha hoon us tarike se aapka neend aane ke pattern mein sudhar kar sakte ho. Sabse pahla cheez hai yeh ek fix routine sone ka banana sone ka ek fix timing rakho, uthne ka ek fix timing rakho, bahut sare patient bolte hain ki sir nahi kal raat ko teen baje tak neend nahi hai toh hum nau-dus baje tak sote rahe. Initially aapko thoda taklif hoga jaldi uthna main agar neend late aati hai toh bhi thoda sa aapko thakan lagega lekin do teen din mein agar aap uss fix time pe uthna chalu rakhoge toh dheere dheere neend jaldi aayega, agar aap aisa nahi karte ho aur aap late uthte ho toh aap apna need complete karte ho late tak so ke aur phir aapko neend usi time pe aana chalu hoga ki late sona or late uthna. Toh fix time pe uthna bahut zaroori hai aur fix time pe sona bhi bahut zaroori hai. Dusri cheez sone se pehle ek apna ek fix routine rakna jaise ki thoda sa doodh peena, kisi kisi ko doodh peena achha lagta hai, khana thoda jaldi khana bhi zaroori cheez hai, gungune pani se ya warm water se baath lena, relaxation karna, reading karna ye sab cheeze aap kar sakte ho, dusri cheez hai ki sone se ek ghanta pehle saree light aap dim kar dijiye aapke bedroom ka wagera tv, mobile, gadget koi bhi dekhna band kar dijiye kyunki light agar jab dim hoti hai, andhera jab chane lagta hai toh apna body chemical secrete karta hai apna brain, jisko bolte hain melatonin iska matlab woh apni body ko indication deta hai ki abhi aap ko thakan ho gayi hai abhi aap ka sone ka time ho raha hai, ab sona chahiye. Toh iss hisab se sleep ya neend dena body chalu kar deti hai, lekin agar aap bright light mein kaam karoge toh brain ko aisa indication hota hai ke nahi nahi abhi din hi hai, abhi bhi kaam karne ka time hai aur woh melatonin secrete nahi karta hai aur aapko fresh feel ho sakta hai, energetic feel ho sakta hai aur main aane mein dikkat ho sakti hai, iss cheez ki wajah se ek ghanta pehle saree lights dim karna bahut zaroori hai. Sone se sabse important cheez ki raat mein che baje ke baad chai, coffee, cold drink ya heavy exercise na kare, uski wajah se thoda excitement level barta hai aur aapka neend aane mein takleef ho sakti hai. Bed khali neend ke liye bed sleep and bad association baniye ki bed pe jaana hai matlab sona hai, bed par baith ke aap koi office ka kaam kar rahe hai, koi household work kar rahi hai yeh sab cheeze mat kariye, brain ka aur bed ka association aisa rakiye ki bed pe jana hai matlab sona hai, toh ek habituation ho jata hai woh ek neend ke sath association ho jata hai bed ka ki aane ke baad apne aap brain tyari karta hai sone ki, theek hai baki kaam aap baki jagah pe kijiye bed pe mat kijiye. Third thing sone se jab aap sone ke liye jayenge aur aapko neend nahi aati hai toh baar baar aap watch dekhna band kijiye clock watching stop kijiye theek hai iski jagah thoda sa breathing techniques karna, thoda sa mind relaxation karna, meditation karna, ya koi book padna dim light mein, ya koi jaise aap soothing music sun sakte ho ye sari cheeje aap kar sakte ho, dusri cheez koi bhi drug abuse karna alcohol jyada ye karna ye sab cheeze kum rakhna zaroori hai, temperature jo hai room ka hai woh cool rehna zaroori hai, cooll temperature bahut zaroori hai jab aap sote hain 22 se 25 degree ke beech mein rakhiye kyunki aap sabko pata hai ki sardiyo mein ya jab winter season hai usme humko bahut acche se neend aati hai. Toh ye kuch techniques hai neend thik se aane ke liye, agar iske bawajood bhi aapki neend, ha aur ek cheez hai ki din mein thoda exercise kijiye, exercise generally 30 minutes to 45 minutes 5 days in a week karna chahiye, thoda body mein thakan rahega toh neend bhi aapko bahut acche se aapayegi.

Toh yeh saare tips mai aap ko dena chahta tha acchi neend ke liye uske alawa agar aapko jyada problem hai aur jyada information chahiye toh please mujhe contact kijiye lybrate.com se.

Thank you very much for your patient listening.
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