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Indigestion: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Indigestion is basically a problem related to eating and it manifests itself as an uncomfortable feeling of fullness, pain or a burning sensation in the upper abdomen. Indigestion is often a symptom of any other serious problem that a person can be suffering from like gastroesophagael reflux disease, ulcers or gallbladder disease. The treatment for indigestion will definitely depend on the underlying cause. But a person can take medications to avoid experiencing this or to at least get relief from the symptoms.

Indigestion can be caused due to a number of lifestyle excesses like drinking too much alcohol, smoking, eating too fast or not chewing the food properly before ingesting it, stress and fatigue. Sometimes people may suffer from indigestion that is not related to any underlying cause or some lifestyle disorder. This type of indigestion is called functional or non-ulcer dyspepsia.

If lifestyle problems cause indigestion, a person may not require any medications at all. He can get over this problem by sorting out his/her lifestyle issues. However, antacids and acid blockers may be used to treat indigestion. A person suffering from stomach indigestion due to excessive stomach acid, GERD, gastritis or esophagitis may be recommended powerful acid-blockers like omeprazole, dexlansoprazole, esomaprazole, pantoprazol, rabeprazole and lansoprazole. There are some natural remedies that a person can adopt to treat indigestion.

How is the treatment done?

A person generally does not require to go to a doctor if he/she suffers from indigestion. However, a person needs to go to a doctor if he/she is above 55 years, if he/she has lost a lot of weight without any reason, if he/she has difficulty in swallowing food or if he/she suffers from persistent vomiting. He/she may also have to visit a doctor if he/she suffers from anemia due to deficiency of iron, if the person has a lump in the stomach or if they have blood in their vomit or in their stools.

Some ways how a person can reduce the symptoms of indigestion include: not eating with the mouth open or not eating too fast, not drinking beverages during meals, avoiding spicy foods and alcohol. A person should also avoid eating late at night and should also try to relax after a meal. Anybody suffering from indigestion should avoid exercising with a full stomach, should not lie down immediately after eating and wait for at least 3 hours after the last meal of the day and then go to bed.

A person suffering from indigestion due to Helicobacter pylori might be prescribed a combination of antibiotic and acid-blockers. Again, a person suffering from indigestion due to depression may be prescribed anti-depressants. Antacids provide immediate relief from indigestion by neutralizing the acid in the stomach. Other medications include antacids containing alginates, proton-pump inhibitors like warfarin and phenytoin, H2-receptor antagonists like ranitidine, nizatidine, ranitidine and famotidine.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

A person feeling uncomfortably full or bloated, if he/she is belching or passing wind, if he/she is bringing up food or fluid from the stomach and if he/she feeling really sick is eligible for treatment. People experiencing indigestion problems due to consumption of NSAIDs, or due to obesity, pregnancy, stress or anxiety, hiatus hernia or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is eligible for treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person suffering from indigestion due to lifestyle disorders generally do not require any treatment. Such a person can get relief from the symptoms of indigestion by taking care of his/her problem/s like smoking, drinking, eating late at night or consuming their food too fast. Proton-pump inhibitors and H2-receptor antagonists may produce some serious side-effects on some people. Such people should avoid taking such medications.

Are there any side effects?

Some of the problems associated with the consumption of proton pump inhibitors include headache, vomiting, stomach pain, flatulence, dizziness, skin rash, constipation and diarrhea. H2 receptor blockers generally provide mild side-effects that generally go away within a few days. However, it may cause constipation. Antacids may cause milk-alkali syndrome and dose-dependent rebound hyperacidity. If a person consumes antacids containing aluminium hydroxide, he/she can suffer from constipation, osteomalacia, hypophosphatemia and aluminium-intoxication. Consuption of sodium alginate may cause nausea,bloating and diarrhea.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Indigestion due to lifestyle disorders require a person to change his/her habits and adopt a healthy lifestyle. Such a person may use antacids to reduce the symptoms of indigestion. But to avoid experiencing it again he/she will have to improve their eating habits and also cut down on smoking and consumption of liquor. If a person suffers from persistent indigestion, he/she should avoid acidic foods, reduce intake of caffeine, use relaxation techniques and biofeedback mechanisms to reduce stress and should also avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes that can put pressure on the stomach.

How long does it take to recover?

How long a person will take to recover from indigestion will depend on the cause of this ailment. Life-style related indigestion may go away when the person improves his/her lifestyle. Indigestion due to such causes may cause a person to suffer for about 2 hours after he/ahe has excreted. Similarly, a person suffering from indigestion due to some medication can be cured of the condition if he/she changes or altogether stops having that medicine. Symptoms of indigestion may last for up to 4 hours if a person is pregnant or if the person is suffering from diseases like Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease and peptic ulcer.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Antacids are available in both tablet and liquid form. It can be purchased within Rs 100 in our country. Proton-pump inhibitors are available within a price range of Rs 500 – Rs 2000. Anti-depressants can be purchased within a price range of Rs 25- Rs 1650. Ranitidine, which is a type of H2-receptor antagonist is available for a price of Rs 250.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results are not permanent as a person can again suffer from indigestion if he/she again reverts back to a bad lifestyle. If the indigestion is due to some other disease like stomach ulcer or GERD, the person needs to ensure that he/she does not suffer from such disease so as to avoid suffering from indigestion. A woman who gets pregnant or a person suffering stress can again experience indigestion.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Baking soda has sodium bicarbonate that help a person to deal with heartburn and indigestion. Other things that can help prevent indigestion include apple cedar vinegar, ginger, fennel seeds, carom seeds, coriander seeds and Indian gooseberry. These are natural foods that help to reduce acidity and also cure indigestion.

Popular Questions & Answers

After taking nexpro rd 40 mg I am feeling dizziness and blurred vision should I continue the medicine or continue till the time doctor has prescribed me.

MD- General Physician-RU- Equi. MBBS, Diploma in Laryngology & otology
ENT Specialist, Hyderabad
This usually is not of those side effects by such medicine. But could be a very rare side effect of domperidone, if you really feel the problem is after the use of nexpro rd, then please discontinue. And actually why are you taking the medicine an...

Some doctors say that you should not drink water during having meal, but some studies proved that ph balance is not affected by water during meal. Instead of this water during meal lubricate the digestive tract which helps to avoid hard stool. I have been suffering from indigestion for long time. Which is true?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. Drinking little quantity of water do help for digestion. But if you drink more water it dilutes the acid inside the stomach and the saliva so as to affect the digestio...
2 people found this helpful

I was diagnosed with typhoid 20 days back, I got 10 days antibiotics course, then treated stomach upset nausea, joint pain etc. Presently I am little bit weaker than my normal days, and gets temporary indigestion or acid reflux if I eat something spicy. I am nit sure if my immune system is recovered fully or not but I have started feeling horny since a week. I am controlling it. So I was wondering if I can masturbate now or not? Will it affect my health negatively or positively?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear user. I can understand. Please don't be panic. If you feel tired and you have not recovered fully, do not masturbate. We are here to help you in every aspect of your mental and physical health. Any sexual or psychological problems can be cure...
3 people found this helpful

I am suffering from indigestion from last 1 year. And these days I am having itching at my rectum after my toilet. Its not everyday but once or twice a week what can I do to prevent this.

MD - Microbiology, MBBS, AIIMS, Jodhpur
Microbiologist, Jodhpur
You can go for de-worming therapy by taking Tab. Albendazole 400 mg single dose orally. Chew the tablet in mouth and then swallow with water.
2 people found this helpful

Hi. I got married in june From july I am not having continuous food means I am skyping bf lunch dinner all the times daily and sometimes having only dinner or only lunch. I am not feeling hungry now. My stomach is full upset. Is it because of gas trouble. Please reply asap. I am worried a lot.

MBBS, MD psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gulbarga
you commit on having depression , have you been diagnosed with depression or its just symptom. hunger can be affected by depression and various other factors also effect like recent marriage.

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