Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Change Language

Osteomalacia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Osteomalacia? Causes : Diagnosis : Treatment :

What is Osteomalacia?

Weakening of the bones is referred to as Osteomalacia. It is different from osteoporosis because here the bone is formed but remodelled. In osteomalacia there is a problem in bone formation or the building process of the bone.

Main cause of osteomalacia is due to the low absorption of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is the essential for building the bone structure. Vitamin D is produced when the ultraviolet rays of the sun are absorbed by the skin. Vitamin D is also present in many foods like eggs, fish and diary products and is absorbed by the intestines. Low absorption of Vitamin D in the body may be caused due to problems in the intestine due to infection or surgery or due to problems in diet.

Causes :

Osteomalacia can cause bone fractures, muscle weakness, and bone pain in various parts of the body. In severe cases osteomalacia can cause irregular heartbeats, spasms in hands and feet, numbness in legs, hands, and mouth.

Diagnosis :

Doctors will diagnose osteomalacia by conducting tests for low doses of vitamin D, phosphorus and calcium. High levels of parathyroid hormone also indicates osteomalacia which can be due to vitamin D insufficiency. X-rays and imaging tests can indicate the possibility of fractures. These fractures are in the form of small cracks which are found throughout the body. The cracks is called looser’s transformation zone. Fractures tend to happen in people with osteomalacia even with small injuries.

Bone biopsy is conducted to understand osteomalacia the bone strength of the patients. Generally x-rays and blood tests are sufficient to under osteomalacia.

Treatment :

Treatment for osteomalacia is by taking vitamin D supplements. In cases where the person is suffering from low absorption in the intestines then the person is asked to take a diet low in key nutrients. Patients with cirrhosis and kidney failure are treated for the underlying condition. Exposure to sunlight is essential to increase the levels of vitamin D. In rare cases the patients are given vitamin D intravenously.

Among children, osteomalacia tends to cause bone deformity. In severe cases the children have to wear braces or undergo surgery to correct bone deformity.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi Doc, I have type 1 diabetes and my reading are fasting 130 and after meal 180. I found that my eyeballs are swollen and it has light red cracks in it. Could you please suggest.

MBBS, MRCGP ( UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), DFSRH (UK), DRCOG (UK), CCT (UK)
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
Hello, I do not think your eye symptoms are due to diabetes in particular, it could be mild conjunctivitis. Mild conjunctivitis usually settles within a few days, if the symptoms worsen then it is better if you see a eye specialist. Thank you.
1 person found this helpful

Dear sir/mam I feel pain in knee joints when I sit in squat position and some cracking sound comes from knee joints. What problem may be? What diet should be follow to avoid this problem?

Madurai Medical College, M.S orthopedics, DNB orthopedics, National University Hospital, Singapore.
Orthopedist,
Dear sir, pain maybe due to small damage in the backside of your knee cap. Need not worry. Do quadriceps exercises and stretches. If pain persists consult the doctor.
1 person found this helpful

What causes dry skin spot on penis? It feels like tight skin only in that spot of penis and also fine lines or small cracks like wrinkles. Any remedy would be helpful for me. Its been about 8 to 9 months but now it is very irritating.

MBBS, PGC In Family Welfare & Health Management, DHA, PGD In Medical Laws & Ethics
General Physician, Kolkata
CONSULT A SKIN SPECIALIST IN PERSON. IT MAY BE LICHEN SCLROUS ATROPHICUS (lsa) iF UNTREATED MAY LEAD TO SECONDARYPHIMOSIS.

I am suffering from my leg knee pain Sir. 1 year back, road accident, lightly crack in my knee. Daily night time lightly painful Sir, and sometimes sound my knee, cloud please t suggested me Sir.

BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Bangalore
It indicates joint repair and instability, get it treated thr physiotherapy and follow up with isometric exercises for quadriceps and hamstrings and definitely it would take longer duration for healing process, mean time avoid taking stress and st...

Popular Health Tips

Osteoporosis & Osteomalacia - Knowing The Difference!

MBBS, DNB, National Board Of Examination
Orthopedic Doctor, Faridabad
Osteoporosis & Osteomalacia - Knowing The Difference!
Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is a condition whereby the density of the bone decreases and the body ceases to manufacture the same quantity of bone as it did previously. Although it tends to affect both females as well as males, it is most commonly s...
1368 people found this helpful

Osteomalacia - 6 Factors That Can Cause It!

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedic Doctor, Bathinda
Osteomalacia - 6 Factors That Can Cause It!
The weakening of the bones during the bone development or formation process is called Osteomalacia. Osteomalacia, when it occurs in children, is called Rickets. A lot of people confuse it with osteoporosis, which affects bones that have already be...
4552 people found this helpful

Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!

MD, Ex Sr Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!
The condition which occurs on exposure to foreign substances and causes the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed is known as contact dermatitis. It is commonly known as a rash. Although most of the reactions to contact dermatitis are not serious...
2377 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

ECFMU, MS - ENT, MBBS, Certificate in Pediatric Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Robotic Surgery Familiarization (France)
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Eardrum Rupture - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ...
3587 people found this helpful

Chap Stick (Lip Balm) - How to Choose the Right One?

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology & Venerology & Leprosy (DDVL), DNB Dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Chap Stick (Lip Balm) - How to Choose the Right One?
If people were asked, as to what would be the one important cosmetic without which they would not step out, it has to be the lip balm. From a time when it was mainly used during winters to avoid chapped lips to the present days when it has become ...
3841 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
MD - Anaesthesiology,MBBS
Orthopaedics
Play video
Bone Disorders
Hi, I am Dr. CM Batra. I am senior consultant endocrinologist in Apollo Hospital, Delhi. I will be talking to you today on bone disorders in endocrinology i.e. the hormonal disorder. Hormonal diseases that cause disease in the bone. The 3 bone dis...
Play video
Know More About Vitamin D Deficiency
I am Dr IPS Kochar, a pediatrician and endocrine diabetologist. Today, I am going to talk on very intresting topic, Vit-D which everyone wants to know. So, Vit-D is essential to maintain calcium. It basically maintains the bone metabolism of the b...
Play video
Deficiency Of Vitamin D In Indian Society
Hi, I am Dr. Vimal Kumar, Orthopedist. Aaj hum baat karenge ki Indian population mein Vitamin D deficiency itni jyada kyu hai. Aap dekh rahein honge ki aap kea as pass ke bahut se log Vitamin D deficient hain. Bahut se ilakon mein 70-80% long Vita...
Play video
Should We Take The Calcium Supplement Or Not?
Hi I am Dr. Vimal Dakour hai. Main Lajpat Nagar, South Delhi mein practice karta hoon. Aaj hum baat karne wale hain Ki kaun sa calcium hamein khana chahiye supplement ke taur pe ya hamein calcium khana chahiye ya nahi khana chahiye. Normally sabhi...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice