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Osteomalacia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Weakening of the bones is referred to as Osteomalacia. It is different from osteoporosis because here the bone is formed but remodelled. In osteomalacia there is a problem in bone formation or the building process of the bone.

Main cause of osteomalacia is due to the low absorption of Vitamin D. Vitamin D is the essential for building the bone structure. Vitamin D is produced when the ultraviolet rays of the sun are absorbed by the skin. Vitamin D is also present in many foods like eggs, fish and diary products and is absorbed by the intestines. Low absorption of Vitamin D in the body may be caused due to problems in the intestine due to infection or surgery or due to problems in diet.

Vitamin D absorption is hampered due to many conditions like celiac disease which damages the lining of the intestine, cancers which prevent absorption of Vitamin D from the intestine, kidney and liver disorders that affect the metabolism of vitamin D, phosphate deficient diet, and drugs that is used to treat seizures.

Osteomalacia can cause bone fractures, muscle weakness, and bone pain in various parts of the body. In severe cases osteomalacia can cause irregular heartbeats, spasms in hands and feet, numbness in legs, hands, and mouth.

Doctors will diagnose osteomalacia by conducting tests for low doses of vitamin D, phosphorus and calcium. High levels of parathyroid hormone also indicates osteomalacia which can be due to vitamin D insufficiency. X-rays and imaging tests can indicate the possibility of fractures. These fractures are in the form of small cracks which are found throughout the body. The cracks is called looser’s transformation zone. Fractures tend to happen in people with osteomalacia even with small injuries.

Bone biopsy is conducted to understand osteomalacia the bone strength of the patients. Generally x-rays and blood tests are sufficient to under osteomalacia.

Treatment for osteomalacia is by taking vitamin D supplements. In cases where the person is suffering from low absorption in the intestines then the person is asked to take a diet low in key nutrients. Patients with cirrhosis and kidney failure are treated for the underlying condition. Exposure to sunlight is essential to increase the levels of vitamin D. In rare cases the patients are given vitamin D intravenously.

Among children, osteomalacia tends to cause bone deformity. In severe cases the children have to wear braces or undergo surgery to correct bone deformity.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Bones that fracture very easily Muscle weakness Bone pain, especially in the hips

Popular Health Tips

Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!

MD, Ex Sr Dermatologist AIIMS New Delhi
Dermatologist, Delhi
Contact Dermatitis - 3 Common Types You Must Know!
The condition which occurs on exposure to foreign substances and causes the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed is known as contact dermatitis. It is commonly known as a rash. Although most of the reactions to contact dermatitis are not serious, they can be very irritating till the itching subsides. The causes of contact dermatitis are usually case specific; they vary according to the different types of this disease. The types of contact dermatitis are: Allergic contact dermatitis: This condition occurs when an allergic reaction is developed after exposure to foreign substances. The reaction occurs with a release of inflammatory chemicals that causes the skin to become irritated and itchy. If a person has eczema, he or she can suffer from this kind of rash. Causes of allergic contact dermatitis include: Latex gloves Poison Oak Jewellery (gold or nickel) Perfumes and chemicals in skincare and cosmetic products Irritant contact dermatitis: Contact between the skin and a toxic material causes Irritant contact dermatitis. They can be sub divided into two categories, namely chemical irritants and physical irritants. Some of the toxic substances that cause this condition include battery acid, drain cleaners, detergents, kerosene, pepper spray and bleach. The physical causes of Irritant contact dermatitis include low humidity from air conditioning, a variety of plants and so on so forth. The condition tends to become more painful, rather than itchy. Photo-contact dermatitis: This is a very uncommon type of contact dermatitis which is caused due to the exposure of some active ingredients in sunscreen to sunlight. When sunlight is not present, the sensitive chemicals in the substances are not harmful. Symptoms Symptoms of contact dermatitis depend upon the causes of this condition. The symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis are: Dry or oozing blisters Dry, flaky and scaly skin Redness of the skin Extreme itching Burning of the skin with or without sores Leathery or dark appearance of the skin Hives Swelling, particularly on the face, in your eyes or groin regions Symptoms of Irritant Contact dermatitis can be slightly different. They include: Blistering Swelling Cracking due to extreme dryness Ulcerations Stiff or tightened skin Open sores that form crusts
2367 people found this helpful

Eardrum Rupture - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Dr. Shashidhar 87% (58 ratings)
ECFMU, MS - ENT, MBBS, Certificate in Pediatric Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Robotic Surgery Familiarization (France)
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Eardrum Rupture - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
An eardrum rupture or perforation is a little gap or tear in your eardrum and the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that partitions the canal of the middle ear and outer ear. This layer vibrates when sound waves enter your ear. The vibration proceeds through the bones of the center ear. Since this vibration allows you to listen, your hearing can be affected if your eardrum is harmed. A ruptured eardrum is additionally called a perforated eardrum. Permanent hearing loss could be an end result in some cases. A ruptured eardrum, similar to thunder; can happen all of a sudden. You may feel a sharp pain in your ear, or an ear infection that you've had for some time all of a sudden leaves. In some cases, the person may not feel any signs of the rupture. Some of the causes for such a perforation are: Infection: Ear infections are a major reason for eardrum rupture, particularly in children. Liquids tend to deposit behind the eardrum in such cases. Exercises: Exercising can bring about pressure changes in the ear and lead to a punctured eardrum. This is known as barotrauma, and takes place when the pressure outside the ear is not the same as the pressure inside the ear. Activities that can bring about barotrauma include scuba diving or flying on plane. Other activities: Wounds can likewise burst your eardrum. Any injury to the ear or side of the head can bring about a crack. Diagnosis: Your specialist can use a few approaches to find out whether you have a ruptured eardrum: A liquid test in which your specialist tests liquids that might spill from your ear from infection. An otoscope exam in which a specific gadget with a light is used to investigate your ear channel An audiology exam, in which your specialist tests your listening to range and eardrum limit Tympanometry, in which your specialist uses a tympanometer to test the pressure changes in your ear. Treatment: The treatments are as follows: Patching: In the event that your ear does not recuperate by itself, your specialist may fix the eardrum. Fixing includes setting a sedated paper patch over the tear in the film. Antibiotics: Anti-toxins can clear up contaminations that may have prompted your eardrum break. They additionally shield you from growing new diseases from the aperture. Your specialist may endorse oral antibiotics or eardrops. Surgery: In uncommon cases, surgery might be required to fix the gap in the eardrum. A surgical repair of a punctured eardrum is called tympanoplasty. A cracked eardrum generally recuperates without any invasive measures. Many patients with cracked eardrums encounter just transitory listening problems.
3583 people found this helpful

Symptoms And Treatment Of Penis Fracture

Dr. Anuj Kumar 89% (74 ratings)
Sexologist, Jhansi
Symptoms And Treatment Of Penis Fracture
Penis fracture is a condition where an erect penis suffers a fracture. An erect penis is filled with blood, in this condition, if it is bent forcefully or suddenly, it can suffer a fracture. The penis consists of two large cylinders and one smaller cylinder. During erection blood rushes to the two larger cylinders inflating them, thus turning the penis hard and erect. In this state, if it faces a sudden force, it can cause damage to the penis. The symptoms of penis fracture are: Loss of erection almost immediately Feeling of pain in the affected area Bruising of the area A popping or cracking sound in case of sudden trauma In some cases the urethra can get damaged, causing blood to come out of it. In case of penis fracture, one should seek medical advice immediately. If the condition is not treated then it can result in severe complications. A physical examination followed by MRI or urethrogram are used to diagnose the problem. Surgery is mostly recommended to repair the penis after the diagnosis and it should not be delayed for long. In case the surgery is delayed, scarring occurs and it can result in erectile dysfunction.
3052 people found this helpful

Chap Stick (Lip Balm) - How to Choose the Right One?

Dr. Aanchal Sehrawat 86% (63 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), DNB dermatology
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Chap Stick (Lip Balm) - How to Choose the Right One?
If people were asked, as to what would be the one important cosmetic without which they would not step out, it has to be the lip balm. From a time when it was mainly used during winters to avoid chapped lips to the present days when it has become an essential cosmetic product irrespective of the weather or the season, it has come a long way. While there are still the plain ones which have petroleum jelly and help in keeping the lips moist, there are also the new flavoured and coloured options. They have also found their way into the cash counters where these attractive picks make most people impulse buyers. There are also specialised lip balms aimed at men, which are customised keeping in mind the slightly rough skin. The lip balm has many ingredients, but the main component is waxy and could be beeswax, carnauba wax, paraffin, lanolin, or camphor. There are many organic products available which contain essential oils, shea butter, silk protein, nut oils like almond oil and cocoa butter. The main purpose is to create a protective layer on the surface of the lips to protect it from cold, dry air, and reduce damage from sun exposure. It also seals the moisture that is inherently present in the lips, thereby preventing chapping and cracking of the lips. Some cheaper products could contain hemp oils, petroleum and mineral oils. When picking a lip balm, consider the following: Purpose: Do you want something protective or do you want something attractive? The answer to this question will decide the product you pick. If protection is the main reason, then something plain will do. If you want colours and flavours, the pick would be different. There are specialised products for men, so go indulge. Exposure to the sun: There are some lip balms which offer protection with a good SPF, so if you are likely to be out in the sun for long period, use this. Medicated: Some lip balms also contain medicinal effects against cold sores, so if you have a cold sore, use this. Do no harm: There could be lip balms which contain synthetic substances like phenol, menthol, salicylic acid, and alum. These have a tendency to dry the lips, and so not advisable in the long run. Container: While lip balm sticks are very popular, they are best for single person use, to avoid contamination. Whatever the product you apply, it inevitably enters your system and so it is important to take a good product. Choose plant-based essences which are not just healthy but also provide a good, protective effect for the lips.
3840 people found this helpful

Fungal Nail Infection And it's Treatment!

Dr. Sushma Yadav 90% (189 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Fungal Nail Infection And it's Treatment!
Nail fungus is a very common problem. Symptoms include inflammation, swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the nail. It is usually not painful, unless the infection spreads. If left untreated, nail fungus can cause cracking, splitting and even complete loss of the nail. The good news is that nail fungus is curable and can be treated very easily. There are many specialized treatments required for bringing quickest recovery. Most people think that medications are the only solution in this regard, but this is not true as there are many therapies that are needed along with medicines so that speed of recovery can be boosted to a great extent. Treatments for fungal nail infections: Antifungal medications: Nails are first tested thoroughly in order to get the confirmation about nail fungus. Both growth and reproduction of fungal cells are prevented by consuming these medications. Some of these medicines are used for topical or external application while others are taken orally. Some of the physicians suggest continuing, both types of medicines simultaneously for getting more powerful effects and quick recovery. However, there are a few probable side-effects that occur while taking these medicines and these include loss in taste, rashes, diarrhoea, itching, headache and others. Using antifungal nail-paint: Nowadays, you can use antifungal nail-paints so that the deepest layer of the nail can be well treated and infected parts can be healed quickly. But you have to continue the usage for a few months, or else, you will not be able to get the desirable results. Laser treatment: This treatment is one of the most powerful ones and can treat your infected nail with greater speed and accuracy. Light energy in high doses is used for treating nail infection in this case. The above treatments are really quite helpful, and you can choose any of them as per your necessity, preference and affordability. Things you can do at home: Keep your hands and feet clean and dry Wear well fitting shoes made of natural materials and clean cotton socks, these will allow your feet to "breathe" Clip your nails to keep them short, use a separate pair of clippers or scissors for the infected nail Don't share towels and socks with other people, and ensure your towels are washed regularly Don't walk around barefoot in public pools, showers, and locker rooms, special shower shoes are available to protect your feet Consider replacing old footwear as it could be the source of the infection Treat athlete's foot as soon as possible to avoid the infection spreading to your nails
4018 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I have stiffness in my neck. I'm a student. I used to sit in the examination halls for hours. I have a really long and thin neck which made it really painful for my to sit and write. Now, as the problem increased I feel stiffness in neck and I wish to crack the neck bones.

Dr. Yogesh Sehrawat 91% (575 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Delhi
Dear student your neck stiffness problem is due to the prolonged hours of the posture which requires forward bending and it creates strain on both muscles and bones. I advise you change your posture regularly and not to bend too forward. Also you can take some muscle relaxant tablets if the problem is too worse or unbearable. Otherwise an ointment like volini or moove spray may be helpful for mild pain. Also do regular exercises and eat high balanced diet esp calcium rich. Good luck for your exams.

Hi Doc, I have type 1 diabetes and my reading are fasting 130 and after meal 180. I found that my eyeballs are swollen and it has light red cracks in it. Could you please suggest.

Dr. Sunita Sayammagaru 90% (232 ratings)
MBBS, MRCGP ( UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), DFSRH (UK), DRCOG (UK), CCT (UK)
Endocrinologist, Hyderabad
Hello, I do not think your eye symptoms are due to diabetes in particular, it could be mild conjunctivitis. Mild conjunctivitis usually settles within a few days, if the symptoms worsen then it is better if you see a eye specialist. Thank you.
1 person found this helpful

Dear sir/mam I feel pain in knee joints when I sit in squat position and some cracking sound comes from knee joints. What problem may be? What diet should be follow to avoid this problem?

M.Srinivasan 87% (41 ratings)
Madurai Medical College, M.S orthopedics, DNB orthopedics, National University Hospital, Singapore.
Dear sir, pain maybe due to small damage in the backside of your knee cap. Need not worry. Do quadriceps exercises and stretches. If pain persists consult the doctor.
1 person found this helpful

I spend most of my time lying on the bed and I hardly do any physical activity. Since a week or so I'm experiencing irritation in my shoulder like stinging pain and I continuously have to make movement in it after every now and then for relief. What might be the issue? Also can you suggest me some exercises to get over it? Also my neck makes cracking sound when I rotate it, not always but sometimes. Is it fine?

Dr. Kishore Sabbu 94% (378 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MD Internal Medicine
General Physician, Visakhapatnam
Simple exercise is to walk daily which resets your back and neck muscles. Daily walk for 30 to 45 minutes. Once you become active your muscles relax and your problem will be diminished.

Health Quizzes

Joint Health Myths and Facts

Dr. Prashant Parate 93% (2645 ratings)
Fellowship in Shoulder and Knee Surgeries, DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Nagpur
Did you know that cracking knuckles does not cause arthritis in the long run? Learn more about Joint health by taking this quiz!
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