Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Last Updated: Nov 01, 2019
Change Language

Colorectal Cancer: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Colorectal Cancer? How is the treatment done? Are there any side effects? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent?

What is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer is also known as rectal cancer. Colorectal cancer treatments are of various kinds but the most common form of treatment is surgery of the affected area. The surgery enables the removal of the tumor or the polyps and also the removal of the affected tissues in the rectum or the colon. These surgeries are mainly Laparoscopic surgery where specific viewing scopes are passed into the rectum or the colon where the patient is applied with anesthesia. This surgery is an efficient way to remove the cancer from the colon or the rectum. Certain procedures like colostomy also takes place where the colon is thoroughly checked and the cancer polyps are removed to ensure a proper pathway for waste exit of your body. There is no specific age group as to when you might suffer from colorectal cancer but this cancer mainly occurs at an older age. If you have a diet which is rich in spicy food and high calories then you need to ease up on them and maintain a cholesterol free healthy food and have a diet that is low in fiber. A lack of physical activity and obesity might lead to a chance of colorectal cancer. Polyps or cysts are developed in the inner linings of the colon and rectum which are to be removed by surgery.

How is the treatment done?

Colorectal cancer treatments are of various kinds but the most common form of treatment is surgery of the affected area. The surgery enables the removal of the tumor or the polyps and also the removal of the affected tissues in the rectum or the colon. These surgeries are mainly Laparoscopic surgery where specific viewing scopes are passed into the rectum or the colon where the patient is applied with anesthesia. This surgery is an efficient way to remove the cancer from the colon or the rectum. Certain procedures like colostomy also takes place where the colon is thoroughly checked and the cancer polyps are removed to ensure a proper pathway for waste exit of your body. Besides surgeries, you may need to seek help of therapies. Radiation therapy and chemotherapies help to kill the cancer cells that exist in the body. There are some side effects for therapies, but they depend from person to person. Some may face a few side effects and some may not. Doctors can also carry out a procedure of ablation. Ablation is a process by which it can destroy your tumor without surgery. Ablation is performed by a system of radiofrequency which is inserted in your body using a probe (medicinal needle) which are supported by CT scans.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

The treatment of colorectal cancer begins after proper diagnosis of the colon or the rectum. Often sometimes there might not be cancer polyps. The onset of the treatment begins when you start having a change in your bowel habits, diarrhea, constipation or continuous narrowing of the stool. The other symptoms which you might face involve bleeding of the rectum, abdominal agony, a feeling of nausea, weakness and fatigue. Colorectal cancer might also lead to unintentional weight loss. If you are facing these symptoms then you must contact your medical expert as soon as possible. Colorectal cancer pain must be eased with treatment as it also causes irritation while doing day to day work.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There are various stages for the colorectal cancer. Usually in the first stage or the stage 0 involves just the removal of polyps from the inner linings of the colon or rectum. As the stages gradually increases the respective treatment should be taken care of. If you have low immune system then certain medications of the colorectal treatment are substituted with medicines which enable to edge out nausea, bleeding and irritation. Therapies are offered by medical experts who wish to avoid surgery and there is chance that the symptoms might come back again. Thus, you should also use an immune checkpoint inhibitor to keep it at a safe level.

Are there any side effects?

To cure colorectal cancer you sometimes need various therapies such as chemotherapies, radiation therapies. These therapies might have some side effects. The side effects may involve; vomiting, a sense of nausea, improper bowel movements (diarrhea), mouth sores etc. in addition to these side effects you may feel an usual sense of tiredness and you may also be prone to many infections when you are under these therapies. However, not everyone gets the side effects and if they do there might be a few. Other side effects that one can expect are hair loss, certain nerve damages and fertility problems. Always refer to your doctor if you need help to deal with the side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

There is always a possibility that cancer might come back after a certain period of the treatment course. The follow up care is necessary for you as it helps you to maintain good health and to avoid the signs of cancer re-occurrence. There should be constant check ups and regular tests. When there is a case of inherited colorectal cancer then you need to be extra cautious as there might be a chance that the cancer might re occur. Managing routine therapies are a must and also you need to keep in touch with your medical expert for remedies for side effects of the therapies. You should also maintain a healthy spice free diet and try to avoid smoking and drinking.

How long does it take to recover?

Any form of cancer takes time to recover, especially when there is a surgery involved. The colorectal cancer requires surgery in the colon or rectum, which lies in the abdominal area. The recovery time approximately takes two months to recover and the medication goes on for a while. You also need to maintain a healthy diet in order to recover properly and in a year you’re good to go. However, you are always required to keep your medical expert on call whenever you face with the symptoms again. You also need to keep a check on the cancer rejuvenation for a year or so.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Any form of cancer is expensive as it requires intense care throughout the treatment period. You need excellent periodic treatment and therapies in order to keep the signs of cancer to a limit. Till this day there has been no proven fact that cancer can be cured completely but it can be kept under control with proper healthcare. The cost of colorectal cancer depends stage by stage. Stage 1 patients may incur their costs including medicines and therapies range from Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 (annually). Stage 2 patients range from Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 1,80,000 (annually). And stage 3 cancer patients incur costs up to Rs. 2,50,000 (annually).

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment for colorectal cancer depend from person to person. With the usage of radiation therapies and chemotherapies some might face a lot of side effects whereas some face only a few. Till this day there is no complete remedy for cancer but with proper and continuous treatment the patients can live in a manner as if they never even had cancer. The results of the treatment are effective but that can only happen when the signs of cancer re-occurrence are monitored properly. In course of time the conditions improve and hence the medications, therapies are carried out in a relaxed manner.

Popular Questions & Answers

I’m 43 years old man iving in sweden. My question is: I got a larynx cyst according to the ent doctor. I got it laser removed. But without biopsy I was diagnosed with benign tumor. I’ m really worried that I was misdiagnosed. My 2nd question is how long does the symptoms of it last as I feel that there is lump in the right hand side of my throat. Please reply.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), MRCS- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, DLO RCS England, FRCS
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Dear Mr. lybrate-user, cysts on the larynx are predominantly benign and hence your diagnosis. In an ideal world every tissue is sent for a biopsy but in some cases depending on the history and lack of co morbidities, and if the clinical diagnosis ...

I'm 56 yrs. On 20sep I have diagnosed advanced stomach cancer. Dr. bharat patodia prescribed me 6cycle chemo (dacotin). I have taken 5 chemo. Now I can feel that the tumor become small & down. Can I hope a long life?

MD-Radiation Oncology, MBBS
Oncologist, Greater Noida
Hello. Its a good sign that your tumor has responded to chemotherapy and has decreased in size. Once you complete your planned chemotherapy, your oncologist will advise a repeat scan to exactly assess how much the tumor has shrunk and where all it...

Why tumor will form in breast? Is it due to hormonal imbalance or some genetic reasons? What are the symptoms of benign tumor does it need operation or by taking vitamin e tablets tumor can be melted?

MBBS, MS, DNB, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
Breast tumor can be a lot of things, can be cancerous or non cancerous. Some happen due to hormonal imbalance however one needs to be checked by a breast specialist to decide the best form of treatment. Cancerous tumors and non cancerous lumps req...

Mam mere cyst k course complete hone k bad meee cyst nhii h hmne 6 month tak normoz lye or 3 month tk krimson 35li uske bad cyst remove nhi guy fur doc ne mere solution l start krayu wo 3 month khane k bad sub shi ho gya per mere period cycle irregular ho gye to kya ye medicine k side effect h ya doc ko dikhana chahiye.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Senior residency Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ludhiana
Dear Lybrate user, cyst formation occurs due to hormonal imbalance in some cases and its very common to see asymptomatic cysts accidentally noticed while getting routine ultrasound done. For small (<3 cm) simple cysts, no treatment needs to be don...
1 person found this helpful

Sir madam yesterday I have done colonoscopy procedure. Aur cea b kiya 2.68 aya caecum single polypoidal mass occluding whole of the circumference. Overlying mucosa is erythematous and edematous. Surrounding mucosa is norma. Impression: polypoidal cecal mass-? Nature biopsy done. It means cancer.

MBBS, MS - Oncology, MCh-Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, MCh - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, MCh (Gyneco-oncological oncology), FRCS - Thoracic Surgery
Oncologist, Mangalore
Biopsy suggestive of cancer, but we need to know what type of cancer it is. As treatment depends on type of cancer in caecum. Need to do cect abdomen and thorax/pet ct depending on feasibility and affordability for staging purpose (pet ct is not m...
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

All You Must Know About Signet Ring Cancer!

MBBS, MS - Gen Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
All You Must Know About Signet Ring Cancer!
Signet ring cancer or Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma is a subtype of colorectal cancer. Accounting to 1% of all colorectal cancers, SRCC is an aggressive variant, which usually affects the younger population. Signet Ring Cell Carcinoma tumour develops...
2823 people found this helpful

Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Colon Polyps - What Are The Available Treatment Options?
A polyp is a cauliflower-like growth on the skin or the mucosal surface. Colon is the medical term for the larger intestine and the rectum. A growth on the mucosal surface of this part of the intestine is known as a colon polyp. Although not visib...
1436 people found this helpful

Gallbladder Cancer - Know The Symptoms & Treatment Of It!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, Surgical Registrar
Surgical Oncology, Mumbai
Gallbladder Cancer - Know The Symptoms & Treatment Of It!
Under the liver, there is a small pear-shaped organ called gallbladder. It stores bile juice, which helps to digest fat. Gallbladder Cancer activates when the healthy cells in the gallbladder start to grow abnormally and end up forming a mass of c...
2992 people found this helpful

Symptoms Of Gastrointestinal Problems!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced endoscopy, Fellowship in Endoscopic Ultrasound(EUS), Observer fellowship in NBI and ESD, Fellowship in Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
Symptoms Of Gastrointestinal Problems!
Gastrointestinal Disorders Symptoms - a. Dysphagia: It means difficulty in swallowing. Dysphagia is due to problems in the brain or food pipe. The causes of dysphagia are a stroke, oesophagal web or stricture, oesophagal growth or cancer, motility...
1503 people found this helpful

Gastrointestinal Cancer - Know More About Them!

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Advanced endoscopy, Fellowship in Endoscopic Ultrasound(EUS), Observer fellowship in NBI and ESD, Fellowship in Hepatology
Gastroenterologist, Bhopal
Gastrointestinal Cancer - Know More About Them!
Below are some most common types of gastrointestinal cancers, know more - 1. Esophagus cancer (cancer of food pipe): Cancer of food pipe presents as difficulty in swallowing food (Dysphagia) and is usually seen in elderly patients. Gastroenterolog...
1512 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
CASM
Homeopathy
Play video
Colorectal Cancers - Every Important Detail About Them!
The lower part of the digestive system is known as the large intestine (colon), and colon cancer is the name given to the type of cancer that affects it. The rectal cancer is the cancer that affects the last few inches of the colon. Collectively t...
Play video
Hematuria - Know The Symptoms
Hello, I am doctor Saurabh Mishra. I am a senior consultant in the department of urology. Today I am going to discuss hematuria. Hematuria means blood in the urine. It's a common symptom and it can happen in young, middle-aged and elderly; all thr...
Play video
PCOD - Polycystic Ovarian Disease
Hello friends, Main Dr Surekha Jain gynaecologist and obstetrician pichhle 40 saal se Shalimar Bagh mein practice karti hoon. Aaj ham baat karenge ek bimari PCOD jiska aapne bohot logon se naam suna hoga, isko PCOS bhi kehte hain aur jaisa ki naam...
Play video
Brain Tumor - Things You Might Not Know About It
Hello, This is doctor Nitin Jagdhane. I am a consultant neurosurgeon, brain and spine surgeon. Today we are going to discuss about brain tumors, to start with what exactly causes Brain tumor actually scientists have not found any exact reason as o...
Play video
Breast Cancer
Hi, I am Dr. Dale D Rodrigues, Oncology. Today I will speak to you on breast cancer. One in 8 women is diagnosed with breast cancer in their entire lifetime. About 60% of diagnosed cases in India are at the advanced stage. So, the point is to dete...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice