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Manic Depression - Treatment, Symptoms and Causes

Last Updated: Jun 20, 2024

What is Manic Depression?

Bipolar disorder or manic depression, in general, is a form of mood disorder. It is a less prevalent serious depressive illness. Approximately 1-3% individuals suffer from it. When the person is under depression he may have delusion. Rapid and dramatic long-term changes results due to alternating mood switches. Abnormal high level of manic depression affects social behavior. The sufferer's ability to think and making judgment are also disturbed. Manic depression includes clinical depression.

Hypomania leads to poor decisions, irritation, and reduced sleep. This may gradually grow into severe form. Over 6% patients suicides and about 30-40 percent harms self in such cases. The actual cause of the Bipolar disorder is not known, but it possesses risks. It is classified as Bipolar disorder I and bipolar disorder II according to the number and harshness of manic episodes.

The late 20s is the time when stress enters an individual’s life. Prolonged anxiety and many other environmental causes contribute to bipolar disorder. Such people face social stigma. There are many mental health conditions associated with like schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, personality disorder, and drug abuse that can be associated with manic depression.

Public health practitioners sometimes use medical imaging that rules out the further need for a diagnosis.

Causes of Manic Depression.

The exact cause of manic depression is not known; it may be genetic, environmental, or neurological.

  • Genetic disorders are the most likely cause of it and hereditary disarray accounts for about 80 percent cases. Certain chromosomal regions and candidate genes in human DNA is susceptible to mild to extreme bipolar affective disorder if someone has a family history of manic depression.
  • Stress at mild level is not much harmful, yet when it continues for long the menace develops bipolar disorder.
  • An individual’s psychosocial condition may lead to the recurrent bipolar mood episodes. Abusive life events in childhood eventually develop bipolar episodes in adulthood.
  • Neurological causes are the least common reason for manic depression.
  • Antidepressants, Parkinson disease medication, thyroid hormone, certain vitamin deficiency, and drug abuse contribute to worsening the condition.
  • Hormonal imbalances might stretch considerable loss and this might trigger bipolar disorder.

What is the symptoms of Manic Depression?

  1. The symptoms of bipolar disorders vary in different individuals. Psychotic symptoms like hallucination and disruptive thinking are common in severe cases of manic depression.
  2. If an individual has several sleepless nights he must approach a psychopath.
  3. The speed of talking is very fast in the patient.
  4. The feeling of sadness, loneliness, and an inferiority complex continues for more than 2 weeks, it may be the precursor of bipolar depression.
  5. The person cries often for no reason, probably he might be having manic depression.
  6. The person shows no interest in entertainment and feels like his entire energy is drained out, the individual is maybe having BD.

Treatment of Manic Depression.

The extreme mood swings in the condition of lows or manic depression are recurrent. Sometimes these show up every week and other times it may occur just twice a year. The rate of bipolar disorder is same in both men and women. There is no single cause of bipolar disorder. Counseling is always the prime thing to do. A counselor will discuss mental wellness of the patient and family.

The condition is managed with psychotherapy and medication. Antidepressants in combination with mood stabilizers like Lithium, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, or anticonvulsant and antipsychotic medicines are the primary course of drug rehabilitation..

Mental conditioning is imperative in the treatment of manic depression. Negative or harmful thoughts can be changed with Cognitive behavioral therapy. Another psychotherapy known as Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy stabilizes routine and mood swings. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective way to treat bipolar disorder in pregnant women..


Prevention to avoid Manic Depression.

Bipolar disorder can affect any gender, ethnicity, or ages; in late adolescence or young adulthood. It is said that prevention is better than cure. Prevention is not completely possible however the early diagnosis of the bipolarity may sometimes help. Avoid drinking coffee and alcohol. Stress is the reason behind most health problems; try to maintain a stress-free lifestyle. Drugs trigger bipolar depression situation; keep the drugs away. .

Exercising, eating a healthy and balanced diet, and maintaining a consistent schedule is important. Get proper sleep of 7-8 hours to avoid mood swings..

Withdrawal symptoms of Manic Depression.

The withdrawal process takes away the thing that helps to treat your condition and keeps warm. The time span of the treatment has an effect on withdrawal symptoms; some might not even experience any symptom. The medications used in bipolar disorder treatment laid bare several physical and emotional side effects. It is very common to feel an increase in anxiety when you stop taking medication for manic depression..

Chest tightness is rarely experienced, a relapse in patient’s depressive symptoms, vomiting, uncontrolled emotions, nausea, dizziness, racing thoughts, common flu-like symptoms, headaches, irritability, and pains are general withdrawal symptoms..

No medication is addictive. It is important to know the duration and dosage of the medicines..

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Written ByDr. Akshata Bhat MD - Psychiatry,MBBSPsychiatry
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