Personality disorder is a condition where your thinking, functioning and behaviour follows an unhealthy pattern and becomes rigid. You might have problems while trying to relate to situations and people. This could cause a lot of problem in leading a normal and healthy life and jeopardises relationships, social activities and your professional life. Children with such problems have a hard time in school.
Personality disorders can be classified into three broad categories – Cluster A Personality disorders, Cluster B Personality Disorders and Cluster C Personality Disorders. These categories contain a number of conditions such as – Paranoid Personality Disorder, Schizotypal Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Histrionic Personality Disorder, Dependent Personality Disorder and others. The categorization of these disorders has been done by analysing the similarity in their manifestations. The symptoms of these conditions can range from being suspicious, a constant feeling of being vulnerable, not being able to express emotions and feelings, being inconsiderate of others’ feelings, being irresponsible, mood swings and others depending on what sort of disorder is present.
While treating Personality Disorders, it is essential to diagnose the type of disorder first. The treatment is then done by managing the symptoms with necessary medications (antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic and anti-anxiety), providing psychotherapy and in severe cases even rehabilitation in hospitals that are specialised in psychiatric care.
Treatment of Personality Disorder consists of three main parts – Psychotherapy, Medication and rehabilitation. These are done in the following ways.
Psychotherapy is done by making you aware about your condition. The professional enquires about your moods, thoughts, feelings and behaviours to come to a diagnosis for your condition. You are trained to deal with stress. The sessions for psychotherapy can be given individually, in groups and even with your family. Your social skills are brushed and developed Stress is given to learning ways to manage the symptoms and control behaviour that hinders your normal functioning and relations. It is also important to counsel the family members of an affected person to get the desired result.
Medicines too are an integral part of the treatment. Though there is no medicine that targets directly towards Personality Disorder, the different symptoms can be dealt with them. Antidepressants work to reduce depression, anger, irritability, impulsiveness and hopelessness. Mood stabilizers are medications that help in keeping mood swings in control. Unrealistic perceptions that happen when a person has psychosis can also be controlled and corrected by having antipsychotic medications (neuroleptics). Anxiety, insomnia and agitation are treated using anti-anxiety medications.
Severe forms of personality disorders can become hazardous for the person suffering as well as his loved ones. In such cases it gets essential to admit the patient to a hospital and receive treatment there.
People develop personality disorders due to two main reasons – genes and surrounding conditions. Such kinds of behavioural disorders are passed down from one generation to another. Those who are subjected to extremely stressful childhood, have bad relations with their family and people around them and have faced unnatural events are at a higher risk of developing such conditions. A person should seek medical help when if he has any of the following problems :
Inability to perceive or interpret oneself, other people and events.
Inappropriate emotional responses
Any person who suffers from a type of personality disorder can undergo the treatment. As the treatment primarily consists of therapy and counselling, it is suitable for all. The only part of the treatment where people might face certain problems is the medications that are given for treating the individual symptoms. Pregnant women have been seen to have a slight risk in taking antidepressants as they can cause birth defects. People who have serotonin syndrome too cannot take such medications as this could cause a string of effects like rapid heart rate, panic attacks, shivering, loss of muscle coordination and others.
People who have tumour in the adrenal gland and those in coma cannot be given antipsychotic drugs.
The side effects in the treatment of personality disorders pertain only to the medication. The medicines used commonly in supportive treatment and their side effects are listed below:
These conditions have been seen to develop mostly in the teenage and the early years of adulthood. Some of these disorders decrease with age. The medications prescribed for the different symptoms of personality disorder must be taken for over long period of time and at a regular basis to get the desired result.
The cost of the treatment of any form of personality disorder can be divided into two parts – therapy and medication. The usual consultation fees per session of a psychologist are anywhere between Rs.500-1500, and it can go up to about Rs.4000. The medication prescribed for the different symptoms come at a cost of about Rs.300-1500 per pack.
The treatment of personality disorders tries to manage the symptoms and does not give a definite cure. This means that the medications help to reduce the overall condition and make your life as close to normal as possible. But the chances of a relapse cannot be negated.
You can treat the different symptoms of personality disorder without prescription drugs too. Many natural ingredients have been seen to be useful in such conditions. Consuming kava to fight anxiety and sleep disorders, valerian root to promote sleep, St. John’s wort to enhance moods and combat depression are some examples of how natural ingredients help.
Rs.800 – Rs. 5,000
This post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health condition, which gets triggered by a terrifying event. It can happen either through experiencing it or by witnessing it. The symptoms include flashbacks of the events, nightmares leading to severe anxiety and thoughts related to the events, which you are unable to control. Going through traumatic events is quite normal and each and every individual goes through phases, where they encounter events filled with trauma and those who have long-lasting effect on their minds. If the symptoms get worse and go on to last for months and sometimes stretch up to years, then that might be of clear indication a person suffering from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.
Let us discuss about the symptoms in detail
Intrusive Memories: The symptoms are included under intrusive memories are
Avoidance: Symptoms related to avoidance include, trying to avoid thinking or talking about a traumatic event and also avoid going to places or interacting with people, who might remind a person of a particular traumatic event.
Thinking pattern might turn negative: Symptoms of negative thinking patterns may include:You start thinking about yourself and the world in general negatively.There is a sense of hopelessness about the future.You start to get aloof from family and friends.
Physical and emotional reactions change: Symptoms of changes in physical and emotional reactions include
Doctors are not really sure why people suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Like most of the health problems, this disorder is in all probability caused by a mix of:
The treatment for this Post-traumatic Stress Disorder can help people to take control of their lives once again. Psychotherapy is the primary mode of treatment followed for getting rid off this problem. Along with this, medication can also take an active part in the healing process. A combination of these treatments can help in improving the symptoms by:
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder with side effects of enthusiastic fits like sudden, wild and eccentric emotional episodes and scenes. Individuals experiencing BPD are unreliable about their picture and character and face trouble in keeping up a steady mental self-image and interpersonal connections. This issue is generally acquired by different variables like domestic mishandle, youth disregard and absence of affection from the parents in there young age.
Some of the most common symptoms of BPD include:
Here are some of the homeopathic solutions for treating BPD with varying signs and symptoms:
One of the most common personality disorders, BPD or borderline personality disorder often remains undiagnosed or repressed and gets passed off as mood swings or a volatile disposition. However this disorder is much more than just mood swings as it can seriously affect the quality of a person’s life. The primary manifestation of this disorder is in the way you think about yourself and others which result in the work that you need to do on a daily basis.
How does BPD manifest in your life?
The most common ways Borderline personality disorder can manifest in your life is with extreme mood swings or emotions, a discernable pattern in relationships becoming unstable after sometime, impulsive behavior, and a self–image which is distorted. BPD thus affects how you view yourself, how you feel about others and you resultant behavior in general. Some of the typical signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder are mentioned below.
Persistent feelings of emptiness
Causes of Borderline personality disorder
In most cases borderline personality disorder can’t be exactly attributed to a single cause and in most cases, is a combination of factors. While genetic or hereditary predisposition can cause BPD it may also be triggered by other factors. Also, not curbing mal-traits in young children or encouraging such behaviors may lead to BPD as they grow up. Some of the factors that contribute to BPD are
If you think you have been displaying some of the symptoms for a fairly prolonged period, it is advisable that you visit a mental health professional for counseling and start with therapy as advised by them. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
While stress is very common in most people, acute stress disorder (ASD) is a condition which has the following features.
The mind is a very intricate organ and controls the entire body functioning with great precision. Any small change in its wiring would mean changes in the way a person functions, including changes of emotions and feelings.
There is a group of personality disorders known as “cluster A” personality disorders. One of the most common forms in this is a paranoid personality disorder, also known as PPD. The onset of the problem is in early adulthood and men are more likely to have this condition as compared to females. People with paranoid personality disorder are very odd or have eccentric ways of thinking. The most common way of thinking is suspicion with no reason to do so.
Causes: There is usually a past history of emotional or physical abuse, which is unresolved, leading to these symptoms. Hypnosis, which is often used to diagnose the condition, is very helpful in identifying the cause.
Diagnosis: There are specific assessment tools and questionnaires which are useful in confirming the diagnosis.
Management: Psychotherapy where the person is taught to manage the above feelings and taught to communicate and cope with others. This is often combined with antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and antipsychotics.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!