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Personality Disorder Tips

Impulse Control Disorders - Know Reasons Behind It!

Dr.Manish Borasi 88% (125ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Impulse Control Disorders - Know Reasons Behind It!

A certain psychiatric condition which causes a person to be functionally impaired in social and occupational settings is known as Impulse Control Disorder. Most of you are granted with the ability to think before you act but it isn't the case for people suffering with such a condition. People diagnosed with this condition are not able to withstand the urge to do something detrimental to themselves or other people.

This condition is similar to other disorders such as kleptomania, compulsive gambling and pyromania to name a few. Although people suffering from this disorder do not plan their acts, the acts they do perform generally fulfill their conscious wishes. Other disorders of such similar nature like Kleptomania and ADHD, which are associated with difficulty in controlling impulses but that is not their chief feature. Patients of impulse control disorder find it highly distressful and are hence often seen to lose control of their actions and consequently their lives.

What causes this disorder?
Some medical practitioners are of the opinion that this disorder is a subgroup of other conditions such as stress, anxiety, OCD and other such. Scientists and researchers are not particularly sure what causes this condition but have determined that it can be caused due to a combination of physiological, emotional and psychological factors pertaining to cultural and societal aspects. Also, certain brain structures linked to emotions and memory functions in and around the frontal lobe are linked to planning functions and impulses.

Some studies show that certain hormones such as testosterone which are associated with aggression and violence may also play a role in forming such disorder. Aggressive and violent behaviors are apparent in people suffering from this disorder. Certain studies have shown a connection between certain forms of seizure disorders and aggressive impulsive behaviors.

People with such disorders are also more likely to contract addiction and mood disorders. Antidepressants are usually prescribed in treating such disorders.

3115 people found this helpful

Impulse Control Disorders - Know Reasons Of It!

Mumbai Psychiatry Clinics 88% (20ratings)
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Impulse Control Disorders - Know Reasons Of It!

A certain psychiatric condition which causes a person to be functionally impaired in social and occupational settings is known as Impulse Control Disorder. Most of you are granted with the ability to think before you act but it isn't the case for people suffering from such a condition. People diagnosed with this condition are not able to withstand the urge to do something detrimental to themselves or other people.

This condition is similar to other disorders such as kleptomania, compulsive gambling and pyromania to name a few. Although people suffering from this disorder do not plan their acts, the acts they do perform generally fulfil their conscious wishes. Other disorders of such similar nature like Kleptomania and ADHD, which are associated with difficulty in controlling impulses but that is not their chief feature. Patients of impulse control disorder find it highly distressful and are hence often seen to lose control of their actions and consequently their lives.

What causes this disorder?

Some medical practitioners are of the opinion that this disorder is a subgroup of other conditions such as stress, anxiety, OCD and other such. Scientists and researchers are not particularly sure what causes this condition but have determined that it can be caused due to a combination of physiological, emotional and psychological factors pertaining to cultural and societal aspects. Also, certain brain structures linked to emotions and memory functions in and around the frontal lobe are linked to planning functions and impulses.

Some studies show that certain hormones such as testosterone which are associated with aggression and violence may also play a role in forming such disorder. Aggressive and violent behaviours are apparent in people suffering from this disorder. Certain studies have shown a connection between certain forms of seizure disorders and aggressive impulsive behaviours.

People with such disorders are also more likely to contract addiction and mood disorders. Antidepressants are usually prescribed in treating such disorders.

5106 people found this helpful

Addiction - How To Overcome It?

Psychologist, Jalgaon
Addiction - How To Overcome It?

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a condition in which individual engages in using a substance or seeking a behaviour which leads to rewarding effects in the brain and it reinforce the individual to repeat the using or seeking behaviour again and again. Addiction develops gradually over a period of time and due to the repetition of same pleasure seeking pattern individual become physically and psychologically dependent on the substance or to any other object at the center of addiction.

People can get addicted to many substances like alcohol, nicotine, drugs, solvents, etc. In the case of these substances, physical and mental dependency both can occur. There are other objects and behaviours which also activate brain reward system in the same way and can make people dependent on them, like gambling, shopping, videogames, watching pornography, etc. But in case of these objects or behaviours, psychological dependency can be more prominent.

It has been seen that there are lots of other mental problems found among individuals suffering from any kind of addiction, like anxiety, depression, personality disorders, psychosis, etc. Individual who is addicted to a substance or an object or behaviour indulge into compulsive pattern of seeking the same in spite of their detrimental consequences. Consequences of addiction can be seen on a person’s health, personal life, occupational life and social life. Addiction can lead to severe unmanageability in one’s life.

Especially when it comes to substances, like alcohol, nicotine or any kind of drugs, we must understand how the tolerance level of the brain develops? Tolerance develops when an individual no longer responds to a substance in the way he/she did at first. So, it takes a higher dose of the substance to achieve the same effect as when the individual first used it. This is why people with substance use disorders use more and more of a drug to get the “high” feeling that they seek.

A blog posted by an alcoholic:

“I always wished I could drink like other people. But I never could. I thought it was the third drink that got me into trouble. If I only had two, then I’d be fine. Thing is, once I put that first drink to my lips, I could no longer accurately predict what would happen next. I might go home, but I might not.

You’d think if I made it home, then my drinking was a success. Wrong! If I made it home after two drinks, there was an insatiable need raging within me and I was gonna take it out on you.  After all, you’re the reason why I had to come home. I would punish my family by being silent or mean, or emotionally distant.

Looking back, it was never intentional. I didn’t purposely choose not to go home.  I didn’t leave the house with a suitcase containing a fresh set of clothes, a toothbrush and my cosmetics. Seriously, I was only going out for ‘a few.” 

If anybody can relate to this or can understand this, he or she can understand tolerance, powerlessness and unmanageability.

How to recover from addiction?

To be an addict can’t be anybody’s choice, but recovery can be one’s choice. The first key step to come out of your addiction is developing acceptance. For a person to admit their powerlessness in addiction to drugs or alcohol or to any other object at the center of addiction is a monumental first step to recovery. Powerlessness means the person do not have any control over his/her use of substance. Powerlessness may indicate weakness and helplessness; some may think it fosters a victim mentality. Acceptance starts developing when a person admit that he or she is powerless over the substance or object at the center of addiction and their lives have become unmanageable because of that.

Addiction is a disease and recovery is not an easy process. Individuals who are already into the grip of addiction need to seek help. One cannot go through the journey of recovery alone. There is a myth that addiction is a habit and one can get out of it if he or she has the ‘Will Power’. It’s actually not true. To get out of the disease you need to develop ‘Skill Power’, like skills to understand your physical and psychological mechanisms when it comes to the substance or the object of addictions, skills to handle cravings, skills to be assertive enough to manage social cues, skills to deal with day to day life stressors, etc. And in this process of developing skills and maintaining your recovery, you need the help of professionals.

A complete treatment program has three important approaches. First one is psychopharmacological (medicine) approach, second is psychotherapeutic approach and the third one is the 12 step program of alcohol/narcotics anonymous. A combination of psychotherapies along with the basic essence of 12 step program can bring greater outcomes in individual suffering from addiction.

3270 people found this helpful

Psychiatric Disorder - Are You Suffering From It?

Dr.Aravinda Jawali 91% (1523ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Psychiatric Disorder - Are You Suffering From It?

Psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia do not appear all of a sudden. There are small changes that happen to an individual over a long period of time until the disease fully develops. These signs and symptoms might be too subtle in the early stage for other people to notice until they become obvious. But an early detection of any irregularity proves to be more beneficial for the patient in the long run.

It is important to know the telltale symptoms of mental disorder to distinguish between what is regular and what is not:

  1. Withdrawal: Everyone needs some quiet time to cool off and relax but if a person continuously withdraws him/herself from social occasions and avoids meeting or speaking to friends, it could be a sign that something is wrong. Losing interest in life, work and people are symptoms of depression and psychotic disorder.
  2. Thinking problems: Having trouble concentrating, remembering, understanding and explaining oneself in a coherent manner are some common signs of mental disorder.
  3. Anxiety: Excessive stress and anxious behavior for a prolonged period are not normal. Frequent heart palpitations, headache, shortness of breath, racing mind and restlessness are cries of help that need to be heard.
  4. Emotional outbursts: Sudden dramatic outbursts for no apparent reason, frequent mood swings and feeling distressed are potent signs of mental illnesses. These kinds of behavior are seen as part of a person's nature and so they are often unnoticed.
  5. Changes in appetite and sleeping patterns: Oversleeping may be a sign of depression and insomnia could be a sign of anxiety. Changes in appetite and not caring about oneself or the world are indicators of a mental problem.
2180 people found this helpful

Bad Relationships - Know Impact Of Them!

Ms.Juhi Parashar 97% (7064ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Gurgaon
Bad Relationships - Know Impact Of Them!

Sheer devastation, self-pity, jealousy, self-loathe, negativity and low will are all signs of being in a bad relationship. Clinging on to the other just for the sake of maintaining a relationship gives rise to toxic effects in your daily life and affects your lifestyle.

Here are few ways in which bad relationships might and usually do affect you:

  1. DepressionThis is an obvious outcome as a bad relationship forces you to reconsider and doubt your self-worth which leads to self-pity and negativity on an overall basis. These are common symptoms which can lead to full-blown clinical depression. If you find yourself leaning towards regular alcohol consumption and substance abuse, it is time to seek medical/psychological help.
  2. Abdominal obesityConstant stress levels lead to the release of cortisol (stress hormone which leads to weight gain) in excess amounts. This hormone stores fat (saturated) around the abdominal area which leads to rapid weight gain and results in obesity.
  3. Weakened immune system: If you’re in a bad relationship, it is bound to affect your immune system as attachment insecurity comes into existence which affects your ability to regulate emotions. This slows down your body’s response to distress physiologically.
  4. Sluggish disease recovery: Depression affects your nervous system and your ability to recover from illnesses. The high-stress level which is a by-product of your toxic relationship will add to the slowing down of your immune system that helps you with the recovery of diseases.
  5. Mental health ailments: Repeated criticism and hostility caused due to conflicts in relationships have major negative impacts on mental health. Co-dependent mentalities, as well as personality disorders, are often an outcome of conflicts in relationships.
  6. Risk of coronary (heart) diseases: A bad relationship leads to distress which contributes to the strain on the functioning of your heart. If prolonged, the high level of stress could lead to one suffering from coronary diseases.
     
2942 people found this helpful

Personality Development In Children!

Ms.Mugdha Sharma 87% (36ratings)
M.Phil - Psychology, Pg diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology
Psychologist, Bhilai
Personality Development In Children!

Personality is developed through learning and is not the result of heredity. Early childhood is the critical period in its development. Before the child is ready for school the dominant characteristics of his personality are so well that they can be seen easily in his facial expression. Adults who assume the responsibility for the upbringing of a child should guide his development so that there will be a predominance of desirable personality traits.

Home influences in personality development

Similarities in personality between parent and child are the result of learning by imitation. Thus, the mother with a cheerful and happy outlook on life presents a desirable pattern of behaviour to her child. The father who comes home tired and irritable will not only present an undesirable pattern of behaviour but of even more seriousness. It is inevitable that, in time, these patterns will be reflected in the child's personality.

Desirable personality traits

1) cheerfulness
Good health, a cheerful atmosphere, and a minimum of frustration around the child helps in the cultivation of cheerfulness in him.


2) enthusiasm
A good way to foster enthusiasm in the child is to talk about, plan for, and anticipate with him simple experiences.

3) courage
An" all is well" attitude on the part of the parent when the child is hurt will help to build a courageous attitude in the child.

4) unselfishness
Being encouraged to share toys or to contribute to others will help to foster unselfishness in the early years.

5) self-confidence
Allowing children to do things for themselves and praising them for accomplishments of the smallest kind will build self-confidence.

6) self-assertiveness
The child should be allowed to express his opinions about different matters and be given a chance to make decisions about his likes or dislikes in order to encourage self-assertiveness. 

Adjustment Disorder - Know Forms Of It!

Dr.John K Ipe 88% (22ratings)
PG Clinical psychology, MIB
Psychologist, Kochi
Adjustment Disorder - Know Forms Of It!

What Is Adjustment Disorder

Adjustment disorders are considered to be a group of conditions which usually occur when a person experiences difficulty in coping with stressful life events. These usually include relationship issues, job issues or the demise of a loved one. The incapacity to adjust to stressful events leads to psychological and sometimes physical symptoms. 

Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder

The psychological and physical symptoms linked with adjustment disorder occur either during or instantly after a stressful event. The disorder only lasts for 6 months but the symptoms might continue if the stressor has not been removed. The symptoms might vary from person to person.

The psychological symptoms are anxiety, crying, impulsive, lack of concentration, low or loss of self-esteem, feeling hopeless, sad or trapped, and withdrawn attitude along with suicidal tendencies.

These physical symptoms can include trembling, twitching of the muscles, soreness, body pain, insomnia, indigestion and fatigue.

Adjustment disorder might display psychological and physical symptoms separately or together.

Types of Adjustment Disorder

There are 6 adjustment disorders and each one of them is associated with different symptoms:

1)  Adjustment disorder with depressed mood: People diagnosed with this suffer from feelings of hopelessness and sadness and are often related to crying. Also, a person might not enjoy the activities which he earlier enjoyed.
2)  Adjustment disorder with anxiety: Symptoms of this are anxiety along with being anxious, overwhelmed, and worried. People with this show less concentration and poor memory. When diagnosed in children it is usually due to the separation anxiety from loved ones and parents.
3)  Adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depressed mood: In this, both anxiety and depression are experienced.
4)  Adjustment disorder with disturbance of conduct: The symptoms of this disorder are more of the involvement of the behavioural issues like starting a quarrel, reckless driving, destructing property and stealing. Teens suffering from this might become absent from school.
5)  Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct: The symptoms of anxiety, depression, and behavioural issues are observed.
6)   Adjustment disorder unspecified: The people who are diagnosed with this type of disorder usually display symptoms that are not associated with other disorders. They exhibit more physical symptoms and problems with family and friends or at school and the workplace.

Treatment of Adjustment Disorder:

If diagnosed with an adjustment disorder, a person can definitely benefit from treatment. This is usually treated with therapy or medicines or a combination of both.

-  Therapy is the first choice. A health counsellor or a psychologist can give counselling and if there is a need for medication then you might be referred to a psychiatrist.
-  Medication like nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic, SSRI or SNRI and benzodiazepines might be prescribed for reducing the symptoms of anxiety.

1349 people found this helpful

Avoiding Mingling With People - Could It Be A Sign Of APD!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Avoiding Mingling With People - Could It Be A Sign Of APD!

Don’t like social gatherings? Have you always been the one who avoids family get together? If your answer is affirmative, then you are probably suffering from Avoidant personality disorder (APD).  Avoidant personality disorder is a psychological condition wherein, one feels extremely shy. Becoming overly sensitive to rejection and developing feelings of inadequacy are common signs of this disorder. This disorder can lead to problems in your work life and relationships. 

Symptoms-
With APD, the commonly surfacing symptoms would include disapproval and disregard of situations and people, rejection and embarrassment. It generally gets very difficult for the one to get acquainted with new people and form intimate relationships. One generally ends up misinterpreting people’s comments and criticism thus, feeling angry and frustrated all the more. 

Causes-
The exact cause of APD has not been established yet. It is believed that environmental and genetic factors play a role in this disorder. People who are inherently shy and reserved are usually prone to developing this psychological anomaly. 

How do you treat APD?
In order to treat APD, you can opt for the following modes of treatment:

  1. PsychotherapyCognitive behavioral therapy is a treatment option for APD wherein, the doctor counsels on how to change one’s thinking patterns and thought process, thus, influencing his/her actions.
  2. Psychodynamic psychotherapy: Psychodynamic therapy involves you becoming aware of the unconscious thoughts. It helps you figure out how your past experiences frame your behavior. Your past emotional pains can be resolved with this technique so that you can move ahead with your life. 
  3. Medications: Anti-depressant medications used to treat depression and anxiety can be used to treat APD.
1312 people found this helpful

Split Personality Disorder - Symptoms & Causes Of It!

Dr.Atul Aswani 92% (96ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Split Personality Disorder - Symptoms & Causes Of It!

Previously known as multiple personality disorder or simply split personalitydisorder, dissociative identity disorder is a very serious and unpleasant form of dissociation. It is based on the lack of connection, or rather a discontinuity in thought, action, feeling, memory or even a misplaced sense of identity.

It is usually considered to be a result of severe traumatic experiences in early childhood, varying from extremely physical to repeated emotional or sexual abuse. It is thought to be a self-defense mechanism where the person dissociates himself from any such experience or situation that would deem to be harmful to his or her conscious self. It is, however, not to be confused with schizophrenia.

Symptoms

There are innumerable indicators that point towards dissociative identity disorder. Some of them include:

  1. Severe depression
  2. Sleeping problems such as insomnia or sleep apnea
  3. Alcohol or drug abuse
  4. Anxiety attacks and phobias
  5. Suicidal tendencies
  6. Abnormal rituals and compulsions
  7. Visual or auditory hallucinations
  8. Self-persecution and self-sabotage tendencies
  9. Time-loss and amnesia
  10. Mood swings
  11. Headaches and migraines
  12. Inability to remember important personal information
  13. 'Switching' of identities

Causes

The main causes of split personality disorder are unfortunately still unclear and vague, although 99% of persons who suffer from this disorder have a severe traumatic history or background. The causes need not be physical or sexual abuse. It could also stem from emotional abuse like insistent neglect. Studies have also showed that children may become dissociative, if their parents are either too strict or unpredictable.

3116 people found this helpful

Dependent Personality Disorder - It's Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Ms.Pallavee Walia 91% (229ratings)
PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra
Dependent Personality Disorder - It's Causes, Symptoms And Treatment!

Dependent personality disorder (dpd)

Dependent personality disorder (dpd) is an anxious personality disorder characterized by an inability to be alone. People with dpd develop symptoms of anxiety when they’re not around others. They rely on other people for comfort, reassurance, advice, and support.

People who don’t have this condition sometimes deal with feelings of insecurity. The difference is that people with dpd need reassurance from others to function.

Causes and symptoms of dpd

A condition must fall into one of the following clusters to be classified as a personality disorder:

  • Cluster a: odd or eccentric behavior
  • Cluster b: emotional or erratic behavior
  • Cluster c: anxious, nervous behavior


Dpd belongs to cluster c. Signs of this disorder include:

  • Behaving submissively
  • Relying on friends or family for decision-making
  • Needing repeated reassurance
  • Being easily hurt by disapproval
  • Feeling isolated and nervous when alone
  • Fearing rejection
  • Being overly sensitivity to criticism
  • Being unable to be alone
  • Having a tendency to be naive
  • Fearing abandonment
  • People with dpd may require constant reassurance. They can become devastated when relationships and friendships are severed.

When alone, a person with dpd may experience:

  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Panic attacks
  • Fear
  • Hopelessness

Some of these symptoms are the same for people with anxiety disorders. People with medical conditions such as depression or menopause may also experience some of these symptoms. Contact your doctor to receive a specific diagnosis if you experience any of the above symptoms.

It’s unknown what causes people to develop dpd. However, experts cite both biological and developmental factors.

How’s dpd treated?
Treatment focuses on alleviating symptoms. Psychotherapy is often the first course of action. Therapy can help you better understand your condition. It can also teach you new ways to build healthy relationships with others and improve your self-esteem.
Psychotherapy is usually used on a short-term basis. Long-term therapy could put you at risk of growing dependent on your therapist.
Medications can help relieve anxiety and depression, but are generally used as a last resort. Your therapist or doctor may prescribe you a medication to treat panic attacks that result from extreme anxiety. Some medications for anxiety and depression are habit-forming, so you may have to see your doctor regularly while taking them to prevent prescription dependence.

4 people found this helpful
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