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Overview

Psychosis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Psychosis is associated to a condition in which the patient has a disconnection with reality. It is an indication of a severe mental state. Psychotic people often have hallucinations or delusions. The person affected by this condition may have experiences of thoughts which are absolutely contrary to real life. For example, a person with auditory hallucination may have an experience of his/her mother yelling at him/her, but in fact the mother isn’t even around. On the other hand, visual hallucination is seeing a figure of a person in front of him, who isn’t really there. These experiences are terrifying. These conditions may lead people to either hurt themselves or end their life.

Psychiatric evaluation is used to diagnose psychosis. This diagnosis involves a doctor watching a person’s behavior and asking questions related to their experiences. To detect an underlying condition causing this condition there are x-rays and medical tests that are carried out. The indications of psychosis in adults are very different from those in children. For example, children usually have imaginary friends with whom they talk the whole day. This represents imaginative play. This is absolutely normal in case of small children. In case you are worried about either of a child or an adult, you must explain their behavioral patterns to a doctor. There are several treatment methods available for psychosis. These include medications and drugs, rapid tranquilization and cognitive behavioral therapy.

How is the treatment done?

Treatment of psychosis comprises of three fundamental parts. These incorporate psychotherapy, drug and recovery. These are done in the accompanying ways. Psychotherapy is carried out by making you aware about your condition. The expert enquires about your state of mind, contemplations, emotions and behavioral patterns to come to a diagnosis for your condition. You are then prepared to manage stress. The sessions for psychotherapy can be given separately, in gatherings and even with your family. Your social abilities are polished and developed. An emphasis is given on learning approaches to deal with the side effects and control behavior that impedes your typical working environment and relations. It is likewise essential to advise the relatives of an affected individual to get the coveted outcome.

Medications and drugs too are an indispensable part of the treatment. In spite of the fact that there is no prescription that targets specifically towards Psychosis, the different manifestations can be managed them. Antidepressants work to diminish discouragement, anger, irritability, indiscretion and sadness. Mood stabilizers are medicines that assist in keeping emotional episodes in control. Doubtful perceptions or disconnection from reality that happens when a person has psychosis can likewise be controlled and amended by having antipsychotic solutions (neuroleptics). Anxiety, sleeping disorder and agitation are dealt with anti-anxiety medications. Extreme types of psychosis can end up plainly dangerous for the individual affected and his family and friends. In such cases it gets important to admit the patient to a hospital or rehabilitation center and get treatment there.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People develop psychosis due to two main reasons – genes and surrounding conditions. Such kinds of behavioral disorders are passed down from one generation to another. Those who are subjected to extremely stressful childhood, have bad relations with their family and people around them and have faced unnatural events are at a higher risk of developing such conditions. A person should seek medical care if he has been subjected to such conditions.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women have been seen to have a slight risk in taking antidepressants as they can cause birth defects. Any person who suffers from a type of psychosis can undergo the treatment. As the treatment primarily consists of therapy and counseling, it is suitable for all. The only part of the treatment where people might face certain problems is the medications that are given for treating the individual symptoms. People who have serotonin syndrome too cannot take such medications as this could cause a string of effects like rapid heart rate, panic attacks, shivering, loss of muscle coordination and others.

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of the medication associated to the treatment of psychosis include nausea, decreased sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, weight gain because of an increase in appetite, muscle spasms, blurred vision, mouth dryness, dizziness, fatigue, restlessness, tremors, diarrhea, constipation, increased thirst, vomiting, and many more.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

In case the symptoms of your psychosis start returning, consult or share your problems with a medical professional, a therapist, or someone close to you and try to work things out for your betterment. Joining a support or a mental health group will combat this condition and help you to a great deal. Make as many lifestyle changes as possible in order to maintain your mental health. These changes may include your workplace or even your relationships which are making you unstable in life. Avoid the consumption of too much alcohol and stop smoking. Eating a balanced diet induced with fruits and green leafy vegetables is a significant part of a healthy lifestyle.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no fixed timing related to the treatment of psychosis. This condition may become better or worse over time depending upon the environment or lifestyle measures adopted. With appropriate doses of medication the patient is able to deal with the symptoms and carry on a normal life, but a permanent cure is never available.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment of any form of psychosis can be divided into two parts – therapy and medication. The usual consultation fees per session of a psychologist are anywhere between Rs.500-1500, and it can go up to Rs.4000. The medication prescribed for the different symptoms come at a cost of about Rs.300-1500 per pack.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment of psychosis aims at managing the symptoms and does not give a definite cure. This means that the medications help to reduce the overall condition and make your life as close to normal as possible. But the chances of a relapse cannot be avoided.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can treat the different symptoms of psychosis without prescription drugs too. Many natural ingredients have been seen to be useful in such conditions. Consuming kava to fight anxiety and sleep disorders and valerian root to promote sleep are some examples of how natural ingredients help.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Very High Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Very High Price Range:

Rs. 300 - Rs. 1,500

Popular Health Tips

All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

MD, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disease which is characterised by recurring epileptic seizures. These seizures can be brief or can persist for prolonged periods. Vigorous episodes which last long can result in physical injuries such as broken bones. Mention that 6th February is International epilepsy day.

Causes of Epilepsy
The cause of this condition isn’t very evident; however, most medical practitioners attribute epileptic seizures to brain tumours, injury, infections in the brain or birth defects. Some doctors believe that epilepsy is caused due to genetic mutations and is an outcome of abnormal activity of cells in the brain. Other causes for this condition can be alcohol or narcotics withdrawal and electrolyte problems.

Symptoms

  1. Repeated seizures
  2. Impaired memory
  3. Bouts of fainting
  4. Short spans of blackout
  5. Sudden bouts of blinking and chewing
  6. Panic
  7. Inappropriate repetitive movements

Types of Seizures
A seizure, also known as fit, is usually a brief episode characterised by uncontrollable jerking movement and loss of awareness due to abnormal neuronal activity in your brain. A collective occurrence of these seizures causes epilepsy.

There are three types of seizures an epileptic person usually encounters.

  1. Idiopathic: This kind of seizure has no apparent cause
  2. Cryptogenic: The doctors believe that there is a cause for the seizure but cannot detect it
  3. Symptomatic: These seizures occur due to a reason.

Treatments

  1. Medication: Medication is the most common treatment in case of epilepsy. Drugs taken on a regular basis can stop the seizure partially. But in very severe cases, they seem to have no effect at all.
  2. Surgery: For symptomatic seizures which are caused due to abnormal brain function, surgery can be a way to get rid of seizures. In some minor cases, nerve stimulation in the brain and special diets can be prescribed to control the epileptic seizures.

Five facts about epilepsy you need to know:

  • Epilepsy is not psychosis or madness and can be treated easily 
  • Popular celebraties with epilepsy include Aristotle, Alfred Nobel, Alexander the great, Sir Isaacs Newton, Martin Luther and Julius Caesar etc
  • Woman with epilepsy can have a normal pregnancy 
  • Newer medicines for epilepsy are effective and very safe 
  • Surgery can cure epilepsy in some patients

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a neurologist.

2888 people found this helpful

Depression

Doctor In Unani Medicine(D.U.M.B.I.M)
Sexologist, Delhi
Depression

Depression

The medical model is a particular way of viewing human suffering, decay, dysfunction and, ultimately, death. It is a paradigm, a lens through which physicians and others perceive certain abnormal or aberrant phenomena like leukemia, diabetes, and now, depression and many other mental disorders. But despite the immense contribution of the medical model in diagnosing and treating disease, its literal application to archetypal human experiences such as depression, psychosis, and anxiety is problematical.
There is no denying that those who suffer from severe depression are ill. 

 

Does Cannabis Cause Psychosis?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Does Cannabis Cause Psychosis?

It is really important to enlighten yourself with the meaning of the word 'cannabis'. Cannabis Sativa is a kind of hemp plant from which you derive hash, hash oil and marijuana. Cannabis is popularly known by a litany of street names like weed, pot, grass, homegrown or even ganja. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is a chief chemical present in the plant. This chemical has the potential to alter the way you think, feel or work and hence there is a need to know its link with psychosis. Psychosis on the other hand aims to explain mental conditions felt by a person. In most cases a stark departure from reality is noticed which is usually the case after consuming cannabis as well.

Psychotic effects of Cannabis

  1. Irregular sleep patterns- The effect of Marijuana or hash can upset your sleep patterns. A check has to be exercised therefore. It can make you feel too tired and exhausted to rest for long hours. 
  2. Increased anxiety- Many times, the hemp plant has been found to play up with your coping skills. You might feel anxious at the drop of a hat. Anxiety takes a toll on mental peace and affects your physical health.
  3. Problem in thinking clearly- Under the effect of Cannabis, you tend to live in a parallel universe. Your mind makes up imaginary situations thinking it to be real. This muddles up your capability to think clearly.
  4. Lack of innovation- Continuous consumption of the drug can also make a person repetitive; you stop conceiving new ideas. 
  5. Reduced confidence- Studies show how you can become very nervous due to the effects of cannabis. 
  6. Reticence- Communication can be a problem if you have been using the plant for a long time. You tend to bottle up your emotions and also your fears.  
  7. Paranoia and suspiciousness- You might even grow suspicious of people you trusted all along. Friends, relatives, parents are doubted. Obsession with the slightest of things is also a resultant effect. 
  8. Delusions and Hallucinations- Being 'high' is a positive effect as it helps you to relax but if unhindered it could lead to serious hallucinations. Your existence in a hallucinated world can even turn fatal in some cases. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3237 people found this helpful

Does Cannabis Cause Psychosis?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Does Cannabis Cause Psychosis?

It is really important to enlighten yourself with the meaning of the word 'cannabis'. Cannabis Sativa is a kind of hemp plant from which you derive hash, hash oil and marijuana. Cannabis is popularly known by a litany of street names like weed, pot, grass, homegrown or even ganja. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is a chief chemical present in the plant. This chemical has the potential to alter the way you think, feel or work and hence there is a need to know its link with psychosis. Psychosis on the other hand aims to explain mental conditions felt by a person. In most cases a stark departure from reality is noticed which is usually the case after consuming cannabis as well.

Psychotic effects of Cannabis:

  1. Irregular sleep patterns: The effect of Marijuana or hash can upset your sleep patterns. A check has to be exercised therefore. It can make you feel too tired and exhausted to rest for long hours. 
  2. Increased anxiety: Many times, the hemp plant has been found to play up with your coping skills. You might feel anxious at the drop of a hat. Anxiety takes a toll on mental peace and affects your physical health.
  3. Problem in thinking clearly: Under the effect of Cannabis, you tend to live in a parallel universe. Your mind makes up imaginary situations thinking it to be real. This muddles up your capability to think clearly.
  4. Lack of innovation: Continuous consumption of the drug can also make a person repetitive; you stop conceiving new ideas. 
  5. Reduced confidence: Studies show how you can become very nervous due to the effects of cannabis.  
  6. Reticence: Communication can be a problem if you have been using the plant for a long time. You tend to bottle up your emotions and also your fears.  
  7. Paranoia and suspiciousness: You might even grow suspicious of people you trusted all along. Friends, relatives, parents are doubted. Obsession with the slightest of things is also a resultant effect. 
  8. Delusions and Hallucinations: Being 'high' is a positive effect as it helps you to relax, but if unhindered it could lead to serious hallucinations. Your existence in a hallucinated world can even turn fatal in some cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
3575 people found this helpful

Cannabis And Psychosis - What We Need To Know?

DNB (Psychiatry), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Cannabis And Psychosis - What We Need To Know?

It is really important to enlighten yourself with the meaning of the word 'cannabis'. Cannabis Sativa is a kind of hemp plant from which you derive hash, hash oil and marijuana. Cannabis is popularly known by a litany of street names like weed, pot, grass, homegrown or even ganja. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is a chief chemical present in the plant. This chemical has the potential to alter the way you think, feel or work and hence there is a need to know its link with psychosis. Psychosis on the other hand aims to explain mental conditions felt by a person. In most cases a stark departure from reality is noticed which is usually the case after consuming cannabis as well.

Psychotic effects of Cannabis:

  1. Irregular sleep patterns: The effect of Marijuana or hash can upset your sleep patterns. A check has to be exercised therefore. It can make you feel too tired and exhausted to rest for long hours. 
  2. Increased anxiety: Many times, the hemp plant has been found to play up with your coping skills. You might feel anxious at the drop of a hat. Anxiety takes a toll on mental peace and affects your physical health.
  3. Problem in thinking clearly: Under the effect of Cannabis, you tend to live in a parallel universe. Your mind makes up imaginary situations thinking it to be real. This muddles up your capability to think clearly.
  4. Lack of innovation: Continuous consumption of the drug can also make a person repetitive; you stop conceiving new ideas. 
  5. Reduced confidence: Studies show how you can become very nervous due to the effects of cannabis.
  6. Reticence: Communication can be a problem if you have been using the plant for a long time. You tend to bottle up your emotions and also your fears.  
  7. Paranoia and suspiciousness: You might even grow suspicious of people you trusted all along. Friends, relatives, parents are doubted. Obsession with the slightest of things is also a resultant effect. 
  8. Delusions and Hallucinations: Being 'high' is a positive effect as it helps you to relax, but if unhindered it could lead to serious hallucinations. Your existence in a hallucinated world can even turn fatal in some cases. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
2729 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My elder brother has symptoms of psychosis for the past 4 years. We have got him treated through various doctors, he goes through different phases (duration near about month) of mind. Sometimes he talks with me & share his thoughts but he has never been the same (normal) now his condition is bit more serious he has stopped talking to all of us, eats very less. He has a delusion, he thinks he has a bladder problem so go more than 100 times toilet in a day even in night he does not stop. We are very worried about him. Whole family is under sadness due to this problem. Please suggest us what to do? He also deny and resist to get a treatment of psychiatrist. It all started when he has set back to back setback of failing in engineering exam (AIEEE) n later during b. Tech. He has to leave b. Tech due to depression.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Abhishek, Sorry for Virendra. I don't know what kind of psychosis he is suffering from. If it is schizophrenia, it needs long term tablets at appropriate dose and psychosocial rehabilitation methods to make him a useful person. It may be schizoaffective psychosis due to different phases of mind, In that case he need long term mood stabilizers also apart from antipsychotic tablets and rehab. Regular visits to a psychiatric social worker or half way or day care homes for psychosocial rehab will help him to have some amount of self esteem and self respect. The dosage of drugs need to be adjusted according to rehab plans.
1 person found this helpful

Dear sir, my wife, Aging 35, has psychosis problem. Please let me know if this problem is curable and how much time is taken.

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hello Psychosis can occur in a wide range of conditions. First of all the concept of CURE is over rated. If you have ever had common cold, or a fever, and taken medicine for it, you are able to over come the episode and get better. But your are NOT CURED. Cure means to never have the same Problem again. You may even have the common cold again. Like wise psychosis can be treated. Cure is a wrong word. Certain causes of psychosis can be treated very easily (medical causes) while others take a little while. Ideally medication and therapy should be combined together for best result. Good luck.

I went into a toxic psychosis after ingesting cough syrup and Marijuana on a daily basis for 3 years doctor told me you have developed paranoid disorder and I am on antipsychotic since 14 years is it schizophrenia or something else and can I stop my medicines ever?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Being on antipsychotics for 14 years with paranoid symptoms is most likely schizophrenia. Cannabis and other substance might have triggered the psychosis and it is continuing. Do not alter or stop the medications without psychiatrist advise, as relapse is difficult to treat. All the best.

I am suffering from Shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats, psychosis, anxiety, depression, constant headache, heavy head, panic disorder, unstoppable thoughts & thinking, brain thinking not in my control etc. I have been suffering from constant headache, anxiety, depression, heavy head, restlessness, unstoppable thinking not in my hand etc. From last years end of february. Than these symptoms were there when in last years november ,panic disorder (due to consumption of ganja) and other symptoms started. These all symptoms are continuously there ,and never gone. I am continuously in touch with psychiatrist from last years august. And I suffered from ups and downs in my mental health followed with panic attacks (fear of dying). And panic attack arose after consumption of ganja in last years november. So the main aim to consult you (dietician) is to let me know ,what all physical activities I can do to recover fastly and what all meal plans (foods that will be good for mental health) should I take regularly so that I can recover fastly. Actually I am taking medications continuously, and I found medications sometimes made my health worsened than sometimes helpful. Overall there is only 10% improvement in my health with medication. So I just wanted to focus now on the natural ways to recover fastly. I want to do it on my own. As I am frustrated with this mental health. I want you to tell me the physical activities that I can do regularly to cope up with mental health and also the meal plan required with it. I am damn serious ,i will follow the physical activity plan and meal plan provided by you to recover my health back and walk on roads like a normal human. Please give me a good diet plan or foods that I should take to recover fastly. For example, if I am jogging and running in morning at 6 a.m,than it will require a diet plan for body to make me again jogg and do physical activity next day. As my body feels week too sometimes.

Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Mphil in Medical Psychology, PG Dip Edu Counselling , Certificate in Nutrition & Mental health, Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, Trivandrum
What I understood from your writing is that you are highly anxious and worried. You may not be having that many kind of illnesses as you described. I am a Clinical Psychologist and what I feel is that you did not get psychological interventions like psychotherapy or counselling in addition to your treatment now. Try to avail cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for the same. Definitely healthy diet with fish and fish oil (omega3) will help you. Avoid direct sugars, processed food and Too much of fat. Do moderate exercise like regular walking for 30 to 40 minutes .Be busy with things and get away from negative thoughts .Bye and take care.
18 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
Hello Everyone!

My name is Dr. Aparna Deshmukh. I am a consultant psychiatrist sexologist. Today I will be talking on postpartum depression or postnatal depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder which is characterised by depressive symptoms in the period that follows childbirth in either of the parents. More commonly in mothers. It is important to know about postpartum depression because no.1 is common. About 15% of women suffer from postpartum depression in the postnatal period. Secondly, not only it is important from the point of view mother s mental health but mother who suffers postpartum depression is unable to care for her infant effectively.

And it leads to profound effect, mental health and well-being of the child in the future too. And thirdly, in postpartum depression in its severe form which is postpartum psychosis, the mothers may have thoughts of harming their infants. And they may actually act upon this thought leading to actual harm to an infant and in some cases even death. So how do patients with postpartum depression presents. The postpartum depression onset is usually 2 weeks to 1 month after delivery or sometimes even miscarriage. Some professional even diagnose it after 1 year of child birth. Here the patient typically presents with behaviour and cognitive symptoms. The emotional symptoms include the patient saying that they are sad, sometimes they feel empty inside.

Some patients are irritable, and they get angry on trivial issues. On the other hands. Some patients become lethargic and complaint of low energy or loss of pleasure, loss of interest, loss of enthusiasm. And some patients become withdrawn, non-communicative. In different towards their infant. And in general, they have this fear and worry that they would not be able to care for their infant which leads to a feeling of inadequacy. And sometimes inappropriate guilt and sheen. Many patient s complaints about a loss of concentration, poor memory that they are not able to take their decisions. The decision-making capacity has been reduced. Or they are unable to think clearly. Some have thoughts of hopelessness or helplessness. And even worklessness. And some patients in their severe illnesses may also have thoughts of humming themselves or even others.

The relatives might notice that the patient has either become withdrawn or non-communicative or they may feel that the patient is overwhelmed and anxious. They may notice that the patient is very lethargic. Or some patients, they sleep a lot. Mostly the whole day. And some patients do not sleep at all. So, sleep patterns may vary depending on the patient. Even the appetite changes are noticed in some patient. The severe form of postpartum depression that I was saying formally postpartum psychosis. Now in postpartum psychosis other than these symptoms, there is also presence of psychotic symptoms. These includes suspiciousness towards family member that they will harm them which leads to an agitative and aggressive behaviour of the patients. Sometimes the patient hallucinates i.e. the hear of voices that are inaudible to others. And the relatives may notice that the patient muttering to self, talking to self. Sometimes patient may also have excessive physical activities. Or they may talk excessively or there is the running of thoughts in their mind. So, these symptoms may also be the part of postpartum psychosis.

Another entity, that needs to be differentiated postpartum depression is postpartum blues or baby blues. Now this entity is more common. But fortunately, it is a milder form. And the depressive symptoms are milder. Patient may complaint of depressed mood, fluctuating moods, irritability, change in sleep and appetite pattern. But the good thing is that it is self-limiting. However, in some cases postpartum blues may progress to postpartum depression. So, how common is postpartum depression? Like I said 15% of women in their postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression. However, postpartum psychosis is rarer. Postpartum blues on the other hand much more common. Affecting 50-70% of the women in the postnatal period. What causes postnatal depression?

There are multiple factors: biological, psychological, social factors. Usually it is an interplay between these factors. Sometimes the combination of these factors that leads to postpartum depression. So, the hormonal changes that occur during and after pregnancy, the sleep deprivation, the emotional and physical stress of childbirth, the added responsibility of the child and poor social and family support can lead to postpartum depression. So, how do we treat postpartum depression? In mild cases, like psychotherapy like counseling helps but modern to severe cases the anti-depressants are the main stay of treatment. In postpartum psychosis. Antipsychotic medication is also prescribed. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy is also recommended.

Psychotherapy can be combining with the biological therapy. Mainly cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy helps. Counseling and peer support group are also recommended. So, these were the some of the basic questions that I tried to answer about postpartum depression.

For any more information or to book an appointment with me, please contact me through lybrate.com
Play video
Psychiatric Illness
Lifestyle Changes to Boost Mental Health
Lifestyle Changes to Boost Mental Health

Myself Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist, practicing in Mumbai since last 10 years. Mental illness is the most common illness in the world. Stress is the most common factor for causing most of the psychiatric illnesses. People believe that stress is not a psychiatric problem and it is a part of life. That s why most of the patients are not coming for the treatment.

Some misconceptions about stress are there. Stress affect everywhere, your mind and body, from head to toe. When it affects your mind it causes migraine, headache, head ache, vomiting, nausea, paralytic attack, heart diseases, blood pressure, diabetes, acidity and stomach problems, breathlessness, muscle cramps, sexual dysfunction and lot of other illnesses like constipation, diarrhea, anxiety problems, it affects every part of this body. Not only body, it affects your mind and emotions, when emotion affects person becomes irritable, he feels sadness, then gradually other faculties of the mind gets affected and gradually the person either goes into depression, anxiety, sleep problems, psychosis or addictions.

People believe that stress is not an problem. When it becomes a big problem they come for a treatment, with a disease, like depression, anxiety, mood disorders, psychosis or suicide attempt. That time treatment becomes difficult and patient has to take treatment for a longer period. There are a lot of factors causing stress. Most people blame others for their own problems like inflations, job problems. Most of the time he himself is responsible like irresponsible behavior, suspiciousness, not taking responsibility of family-child-workplace, unmanageability, procrastination, all these lead to problem either in home or workplace or in society which leads to stress.

So when the issue of stress management comes most of the general people go for changing their lifestyle, starting exercises, pranayam, moving around or reading some books, listening to music or going outside, all these relieves your stress but only for a couple of days or couple of weeks. Again after that the stress becomes as it is, because the reason for stress is your character defects, until and unless you are not going to change yourself the problem is not going to come down. So when the stress management issues come, initially and most importantly the character defects that leads to the stress has to be managed and it needs a tough and long behavior therapy, counseling, and if the problem arises then you may need psychiatric help.

For more details and further contact you can contact me on Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
How Mental illness affects Your Physical Health?
How Mental illness affects Your Physical Health?

Myself Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Mumbai since last 10yrs. Mental illness is the most common illness in the world.

Stress is one of the most important factor for causing psychological illnesses. People believe that stress is not a psychiatric problem and it is a part of life. That's why most person donot come for treatment. Some misbelieves about stress are there. Stress effects everything, it effects your mind, your body from head to toe, it effects everywhere. When it effects your mind it causes migraine, headache, vomiting, nausea, paralytic attack, heart diseases, blood pressure, diabetes, acidity, stomach problems, restlessness, muscle cramps, sexual dysfunctions and a lot of illnesses like constipation, diarrhoea, anxiety problems. It effects every part of your body, and not only the body but it also effects your mind, it effects your emotions.

When the emotions are effected the person becomes irritable, he remains in a sad mood, and gradually other faculties of mind get effected and the person goes in depression or other problems like anxiety, sleep problems, psychosis, mood disorders and addictions. People believe that stress is not a problem, and when it becomes a big problem they come to us for treatment with a disease like depression, anxiety, mood disorder, psychosis or with suicide attempts. At that time the treatment becomes dfficult and the person has to take treatment for a longer period.

There are a lot of factors causing stress. Most of the people, they blame others for their own problems like inflation and job problems. Most of the time the person himself is responsible like his character depicts irresponsible behaviour, suspiciousness , not taking responsibility of family, child or at work place, unmanagebility, procastination, there are a lot of character defects that lead to problem either at home or work place or in society that leads to stress. So when it comes to stress management most of the people either go for changing their lifestyle, starting exercises, pranayam, moving around or reading some books, listening to music or going outside.

It relieves your stress but only for a couple of days or couple of weeks and again after those couple or days or weeks it becomes as it was before because the reason for your stress was character defects. Until and unless you change yourself the problem is not going to reduce. So when the management of stress comes, initially the most important character defect that leads to stress has to be managed.

It needs a long and tough behavioural therapy, counsellings, and if the problem arises again then you may need psychiatrist help. For more details you can contact me on Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
Know More About Addiction
Hello, I am Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Varli and Mumbai area. Now we discuss about the addiction.

Addiction is a disease and it is different from other disease. Most of the people believe that addiction is the only habit. They do not accept that it's a disease. Most of the other disease patient accept whatever this is, whether it is fever, malaria dengu, heart problem, diabetes, problem cancer etc. Patient accepts and go for the treatment. But in case of addiction, patient believes that he/she is normal. Even after there is a liver problem or because of addiction multiple problems arises. Some people requires only one quarter at night to fall asleep, it's not his problem and that's why they do not get it treated and it's a common issue.

Addiction now is increasing. Initially people goes for only alcohol, tobacco, smoking. Nowadays teenagers and children are getting drug addicted like Kaname, Ganja marijuana, charas, brown sugar and cocaine etc. Chemical addiction is also common addiction of the medicines or tablets or syrup.

So addiction is a disease it affects your brain and your body. After certain period of time, your brain and body gets dependent on such substance and because of this reason people generally take the substance repeatedly. There is a change in your brain. Chemical changes occur that causes impulsive inability, frustration, depression, psychosis, a lot of mood changes. In addition to it, it affects everywhere. It affects your body from brain to toe. When it affects your brain it causes lot of diseases like dementia, seizures. When it affects your lung it causes bronchitis lung diseases. When it affects your liver it also affects your liver for the coc's or cancer of the liver, or vomiting of the blood. It also causes blood pressure, diabetes, hypertension, heart problems and erectile dysfunction, reducing sperm count, reducing weight and appetite. It also causes change in behavior, change in sexual behavior, change in sleep and at appetite and also changing driving.

Because of addiction the chances of an accident can increase. It also affects your family also. We'd also affect at occupation also, at your economy also. So it affects almost all parts of your life like body, family, at occupation, at your economy social life and spiritual life. So it's a disease, but different from other diseases, and it may harm oe's life severely. Still the person believes that he is okay. It becomes habit and because of this attitude, most of the patients left untreated which ultimately end up to late stage for the treatment. They come with the mouth cancer and that stage even after if you stop the alcohol, it may ultimately result death. There is a treatment available for it. Treatment is little bit difficult and different from other diseases. So medicines are important to treat the problem.

There are medicines to control the withdrawal features. There are a medicine for sleeping problems, the treatment for constipation is also available as most of the tobacco smokers they're suffering from constipation. Early morning they do not get the pressure. That's why they are regularly taking tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and smoking, so there are medicines for that problem. Tension and even if you are suffering from anxiety, depression or psychosis there is a medicine. Some anti craving medicines are also there to control your mood and craving for substance.

At the same time along with medicines, family counseling, accounting also necessary. Individual counseling also necessary. Social counseling also available for alcoholism. Alcoholic for Drugs Narcotics Anonymous is there, if a person takes a treatment for a longer time. If we take it, it went for only one day, there is no chance. If we took a treatment for one month, there is a little chance and if it continued treatment for 1 year, he's having 25 percent of the chances to come out from the alcohol or drugs. At the same time if he continues the medicines, counseling and social counseling and social support, family support for the longest, wait more than five years there are chances more than eighty percent to come out of this problem. Its lifelong business. There are well known relapses. Even after stopping for alcohol or drugs for five years or ten years there are chances of relapses. The long treatment is needed to prevent the relapses. Cure is not possible treatment because it is a disease of personality. When we counsel the patient, when we are doing individual counseling, we enforce the patient initially, we tell the patients about the disease model and and to make them accept so that they can overcome through it.

Alcoholism and drug is a disease. After accepting, the second part is to identify the character defect, because alcoholism and drug is not a major problem, the major problem is character, habit and a behavior. So second stage is to identify that character defect or behavior deface leading to addiction. After identifying that character defects, we focus that character defect and we work on that with the help of small step program and as the time continues if the patient is ready and motivated to work on it, there are the good chances to come out from this situation. The only thing is, first admit that you are an addict. Second come forward for a treatment and be patient for a longer treatment.

For more information you can contact me on lybrate.com from Dr. milind Barhate. Thank you.
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Impact Of Drug And Alcohol On Children
Hello!

My name is Dr Ankita Mishra. I am a consultant psychiatrist and I will be talking on the topic today alcohol and drugs. What parents need to know? Many young people today are using drugs and alcohol and smoke quite often and statistically up to 50 % of children to the age of 16 years have tried illegal drugs at some point in time. So it is really important for a parent to be aware of this and not take this as part of normal growing up. Taking drugs and alcohol can have serious physical and mental health consequences and can lead to depression or psychosis as well.

Taking drugs can make a youth quiet unpredictable and can lead to accidents, injuries and they can involved in unprotected sex for that matter and it can also have serious physical health problems because of sharing needles and other equipment such as HIV and hepatitis. So it's very important to take all this into consideration. The most commonly used drug is something which is readily available like alcohol or smoking and there can be wear reasons why the youth today uses drugs it could be because of curiosity, for fun, it could be as a way to cope up with anxiety and depression as a way to deal with difficult situation. And it is commonly seen that if there is a member of family or one of the friends are using drugs or alcohol it's more likely for the person to get addicted to it.

It's quite difficult to say when using drugs or alcohol is more than usual or it's like something which is concerning but if you feel that your child is quite concerned about using alcohol and taking drugs or smoking or if you feel that it has become a focus of his or her life and it's quite preoccupied with either using a drug or finding ways to seek it or maybe spends a lot of time thinking about it then it something which can be quite concerning. There can be some behaviour and symptoms is well.

If you feel your child is quite isolated, is not involving in with family or friends, is behaving out of character or you senses unusual smell in your room or you find unusual things like silver foil or needle covers then it is something to be worried about. If you suspect that your child is doing drugs or taking alcohol for that matter there are certain things which you can do as parent. First of all, you have to take stay calm and make sure that it's actually the truth. Secondly, there is no point in getting angry with your child or blaming the child because at this point it's your support and helps that they need most.

There is no point in getting into long conversations or fighting over it especially when your child is in an intoxicated stat. The best possible way to help them out is to let them know that you are on their side and you are there to support them and seek professional help. You can contact a psychiatrist or psychologist what they can do is they can talk with you as well as your child and they can maybe if needed prescribe medication or get your child into therapy. And it's a way by which you as a family and as well aa your child will get the required help and support to recover from addiction.

Thank you so much if you have any further queries or if you want to contact me then you can do that through Lybrate.com
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