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Psychosis: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Psychosis is associated to a condition in which the patient has a disconnection with reality. It is an indication of a severe mental state. Psychotic people often have hallucinations or delusions. The person affected by this condition may have experiences of thoughts which are absolutely contrary to real life. For example, a person with auditory hallucination may have an experience of his/her mother yelling at him/her, but in fact the mother isn’t even around. On the other hand, visual hallucination is seeing a figure of a person in front of him, who isn’t really there. These experiences are terrifying. These conditions may lead people to either hurt themselves or end their life.

Psychiatric evaluation is used to diagnose psychosis. This diagnosis involves a doctor watching a person’s behavior and asking questions related to their experiences. To detect an underlying condition causing this condition there are x-rays and medical tests that are carried out. The indications of psychosis in adults are very different from those in children. For example, children usually have imaginary friends with whom they talk the whole day. This represents imaginative play. This is absolutely normal in case of small children. In case you are worried about either of a child or an adult, you must explain their behavioral patterns to a doctor. There are several treatment methods available for psychosis. These include medications and drugs, rapid tranquilization and cognitive behavioral therapy.

How is the treatment done?

Treatment of psychosis comprises of three fundamental parts. These incorporate psychotherapy, drug and recovery. These are done in the accompanying ways. Psychotherapy is carried out by making you aware about your condition. The expert enquires about your state of mind, contemplations, emotions and behavioral patterns to come to a diagnosis for your condition. You are then prepared to manage stress. The sessions for psychotherapy can be given separately, in gatherings and even with your family. Your social abilities are polished and developed. An emphasis is given on learning approaches to deal with the side effects and control behavior that impedes your typical working environment and relations. It is likewise essential to advise the relatives of an affected individual to get the coveted outcome.

Medications and drugs too are an indispensable part of the treatment. In spite of the fact that there is no prescription that targets specifically towards Psychosis, the different manifestations can be managed them. Antidepressants work to diminish discouragement, anger, irritability, indiscretion and sadness. Mood stabilizers are medicines that assist in keeping emotional episodes in control. Doubtful perceptions or disconnection from reality that happens when a person has psychosis can likewise be controlled and amended by having antipsychotic solutions (neuroleptics). Anxiety, sleeping disorder and agitation are dealt with anti-anxiety medications. Extreme types of psychosis can end up plainly dangerous for the individual affected and his family and friends. In such cases it gets important to admit the patient to a hospital or rehabilitation center and get treatment there.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

People develop psychosis due to two main reasons – genes and surrounding conditions. Such kinds of behavioral disorders are passed down from one generation to another. Those who are subjected to extremely stressful childhood, have bad relations with their family and people around them and have faced unnatural events are at a higher risk of developing such conditions. A person should seek medical care if he has been subjected to such conditions.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Pregnant women have been seen to have a slight risk in taking antidepressants as they can cause birth defects. Any person who suffers from a type of psychosis can undergo the treatment. As the treatment primarily consists of therapy and counseling, it is suitable for all. The only part of the treatment where people might face certain problems is the medications that are given for treating the individual symptoms. People who have serotonin syndrome too cannot take such medications as this could cause a string of effects like rapid heart rate, panic attacks, shivering, loss of muscle coordination and others.

Are there any side effects?

The side effects of the medication associated to the treatment of psychosis include nausea, decreased sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, weight gain because of an increase in appetite, muscle spasms, blurred vision, mouth dryness, dizziness, fatigue, restlessness, tremors, diarrhea, constipation, increased thirst, vomiting, and many more.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

In case the symptoms of your psychosis start returning, consult or share your problems with a medical professional, a therapist, or someone close to you and try to work things out for your betterment. Joining a support or a mental health group will combat this condition and help you to a great deal. Make as many lifestyle changes as possible in order to maintain your mental health. These changes may include your workplace or even your relationships which are making you unstable in life. Avoid the consumption of too much alcohol and stop smoking. Eating a balanced diet induced with fruits and green leafy vegetables is a significant part of a healthy lifestyle.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no fixed timing related to the treatment of psychosis. This condition may become better or worse over time depending upon the environment or lifestyle measures adopted. With appropriate doses of medication the patient is able to deal with the symptoms and carry on a normal life, but a permanent cure is never available.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment of any form of psychosis can be divided into two parts – therapy and medication. The usual consultation fees per session of a psychologist are anywhere between Rs.500-1500, and it can go up to Rs.4000. The medication prescribed for the different symptoms come at a cost of about Rs.300-1500 per pack.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The treatment of psychosis aims at managing the symptoms and does not give a definite cure. This means that the medications help to reduce the overall condition and make your life as close to normal as possible. But the chances of a relapse cannot be avoided.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

You can treat the different symptoms of psychosis without prescription drugs too. Many natural ingredients have been seen to be useful in such conditions. Consuming kava to fight anxiety and sleep disorders and valerian root to promote sleep are some examples of how natural ingredients help.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Very High Relative Risk: High Side Effects: High Time For Recovery: Very High Price Range:

Rs. 300 - Rs. 1,500

Popular Health Tips

All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

MD, MBBS
Neurologist, Gurgaon
All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a neurological disease which is characterised by recurring epileptic seizures. These seizures can be brief or can persist for prolonged periods. Vigorous episodes which last long can result in physical injuries such as broken bones. Mention that 6th February is International epilepsy day.

Causes of Epilepsy
The cause of this condition isn’t very evident; however, most medical practitioners attribute epileptic seizures to brain tumours, injury, infections in the brain or birth defects. Some doctors believe that epilepsy is caused due to genetic mutations and is an outcome of abnormal activity of cells in the brain. Other causes for this condition can be alcohol or narcotics withdrawal and electrolyte problems.

Symptoms

  1. Repeated seizures
  2. Impaired memory
  3. Bouts of fainting
  4. Short spans of blackout
  5. Sudden bouts of blinking and chewing
  6. Panic
  7. Inappropriate repetitive movements

Types of Seizures
A seizure, also known as fit, is usually a brief episode characterised by uncontrollable jerking movement and loss of awareness due to abnormal neuronal activity in your brain. A collective occurrence of these seizures causes epilepsy.

There are three types of seizures an epileptic person usually encounters.

  1. Idiopathic: This kind of seizure has no apparent cause
  2. Cryptogenic: The doctors believe that there is a cause for the seizure but cannot detect it
  3. Symptomatic: These seizures occur due to a reason.

Treatments

  1. Medication: Medication is the most common treatment in case of epilepsy. Drugs taken on a regular basis can stop the seizure partially. But in very severe cases, they seem to have no effect at all.
  2. Surgery: For symptomatic seizures which are caused due to abnormal brain function, surgery can be a way to get rid of seizures. In some minor cases, nerve stimulation in the brain and special diets can be prescribed to control the epileptic seizures.

Five facts about epilepsy you need to know:

  • Epilepsy is not psychosis or madness and can be treated easily 
  • Popular celebraties with epilepsy include Aristotle, Alfred Nobel, Alexander the great, Sir Isaacs Newton, Martin Luther and Julius Caesar etc
  • Woman with epilepsy can have a normal pregnancy 
  • Newer medicines for epilepsy are effective and very safe 
  • Surgery can cure epilepsy in some patients

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a neurologist.

2890 people found this helpful

What Is Depression?

Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Depression?

What is Depression?

While we all feel sad, moody or low from time to time, some people experience these feelings intensely, for long periods of time (weeks, months or even years) and sometimes without any apparent reason. Depression is more than just a low mood – it's a serious condition that affects your physical and mental health.

Types:

-Unipolar and bipolar depression:
If the predominant feature is a depressed mood, it is called unipolar depression. However, if it is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it is referred to as bipolar disorder (previously called manic depression).

Unipolar depression can involve anxiety and other symptoms - but no manic episodes. However, research shows that for around 40 percent of the time, individuals with bipolar disorder are depressed, making the two conditions difficult to distinguish.

-Major depressive disorder with psychotic features:
This condition is characterized by depression accompanied by psychosis. Psychosis can involve delusions - false beliefs and detachment from reality, or hallucinations - sensing things that do not exist.

-Postpartum depression:
Women often experience "baby blues" with a newborn, but postpartum depression - also known as postnatal depression - is more severe.

-Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern:
Previously called seasonal affective disorder (SAD), this condition is related to the reduced daylight of winter - the depression occurs during this season but lifts for the rest of the year and in response to light therapy.

Causes:

The causes of depression are not fully understood and may not be down to a single source. Depression is likely to be due to a complex combination of factors that include:

-depressed woman
-Depression has a wide range of causes and potential treatments.
-genetics
-biological - changes in neurotransmitter levels
-environmental
-psychological and social (psychosocial)

Some people are at higher risk of depression than others; risk factors include:

-Life events: These include bereavement, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems, medical concerns, or acute stress.
-Personality: Those with less successful coping strategies or previous life trauma are more susceptible.
-Genetic factors: Having a first-degree relative with depression increases the risk.
-Childhood trauma.
-Some prescription drugs: These include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers, interferon, and other prescription drugs.
-Abuse of recreational drugs: Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.
-A past head injury.
-Having had one episode of major depression: This increases the risk of a subsequent one.
-Chronic pain syndromes: These and other chronic conditions, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease make depression more likely.

Symptoms:

-Depressed mood
-reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed, loss of sexual desire
-unintentional weight loss (without dieting) or low appetite
-insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping)
-psychomotor agitation, for example, restlessness, pacing up and down
-delayed psychomotor skills, for example, slowed movement and speech
-fatigue or loss of energy
-feelings of worthlessness or guilt
-impaired ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
-recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt at suicide

Diagnosis:

We've become accustomed to doctors using specialized blood tests or other extensive laboratory tests to help them make a conclusive diagnosis. However, most laboratory tests are not very helpful when it comes to diagnosing depression. In fact, talking with the patient may be the most important diagnostic tool the doctor has. The recommendation is that doctors routinely screen all individuals for depression. This screening might occur during a visit for a chronic illness, at an annual wellness visit, or during pregnancy or postpartum visit.

Role of Homeopathy in Depression:

Homeopathy is a natural and non-toxic remedy for several diseases. The major advantage of homeopathy over other medication is that it does not cause any adverse side effect. It is safe and can be used at all ages without worrying about any detrimental consequence. Homeopathy is known to be very effective in treating depression. Homeopathy medicines are prescribed after a thorough study of the symptoms. Homeopathy first treats the symptoms and then provides relief; for example, the constant mental exhaustion or some unexplained physical pain. It then works on the cause of the disease. In this case, the medicines will affect and treat hormonal disorders or neurological disorders. Following this, homeopathy medicines will try to prevent the onset of depression in future. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.

Diet and nondiet food:

1. Dark Leafy Greens: A Nutrient-Dense Inflammation Fighter
If you were to choose the healthiest food of all, the most nutrient-dense item available to us to eat, it would be dark, leafy greens, no contest. Spinach. Kale. Swiss chard. Greens are the first of the G-BOMBS (greens, beans, onions, mushrooms, berries, seeds) that Joel Fuhrman, MD, describes in his book The End of Dieting — the foods with the most powerful immune-boosting and anticancer effects.

2. Walnuts: Rich in Mood-Boosting Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Walnuts are one of the richest plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, and numerous studies have demonstrated how omega-3 fatty acids support brain function and reduce depression symptoms. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry is especially interesting. The lead authors ask the question, Why is the vast part biological research — from genetics to psychopharmacology — concentrated on neurotransmitters, when the mammalian brain is approximately 80 percent fat (lipids), and there is a growing body of research demonstrating the critical role of lipids in brain functioning? What’s more, the shift in the Western diet away from these necessary omega-3 fatty acids over the last century parallels the large rise in psychiatric disorders in that time.

3. Avocado: Its Oleic Acid Gives You Brainpower
I eat a whole one every day in my salad for lunch. Avocados are power foods because, again, they contain healthy fat that your brain needs in order to run smoothly. Three-fourths of the calories of an avocado is from fat, mostly monounsaturated fat, in the form of oleic acid. An average avocado also contains 4 grams of protein, higher than other fruits, and is filled with vitamin K, different kinds of vitamin B (B9, B6, and B5), vitamin C, and vitamin E12. Finally, they are low in sugar and high in dietary fiber, containing about 11 grams each.

4. Berries: Full of Cell-Repairing Antioxidants
Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries are some of the highest antioxidant foods available to us. I try to have a variety for breakfast in the morning. In a study published in the Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, patients were treated for two years with antioxidants or placebos. After two years those who were treated with antioxidants had a significantly lower depression score. Antioxidants are like DNA repairmen. They go around fixing your cells and preventing them from getting cancer and other illnesses.

5. Mushrooms: Helpful Tools to Lower Blood Sugar
Here are two good reasons why mushrooms are good for your mental health. First, their chemical properties oppose insulin, which helps lower blood sugar levels, evening out your mood. They also are like a probiotic in that they promote healthy gut bacteria. And since the nerve cells in our gut manufacture 80 to 90 percent of our body’s serotonin — the critical neurotransmitter that keeps us sane — we can’t afford to not pay attention to our intestinal health.

6. Onions: Layered With Cancer-Fighting Allium
You won’t find this item on most lists of mood foods. However, it’s included in Dr. Fuhrman’s G-BOMBS because onions and all allium vegetables (garlic, leeks, chives, shallots, and spring onions) have been associated with a decreased risk of several cancers.

“Eating onions and garlic frequently are associated with a reduced risk of cancers of the digestive tract,” explains Fuhrman. “These vegetables also contain high concentrations of anti-inflammatory flavonoid antioxidants that contribute to their anticancer properties.” Again, if you consider the relationship between your digestive tract and your brain, it is understandable why food that can prevent cancers of the gut would also benefit your mood.

7. Tomatoes: Packed With Depression Fighters
I try to eat at least six baby tomatoes in my salad each day for lunch because tomatoes contain lots of folic acids and alpha-lipoic acid, both of which are good for fighting depression. According to research published in the Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, many studies show an elevated incidence of folate deficiency in patients with depression. In most of the studies, about one-third of depression patients were deficient in folate.

Folic acid can prevent an excess of homocysteine — which restricts the production of important neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine — from forming in the body. Alpha-lipoic acid keeps coming up as I read more about nutrition and the brain, so I have begun to take it as a supplement, as well. It helps the body convert glucose into energy and therefore stabilizes mood.

8. Beans: Satisfyingly High in Mood-Stabilizing Fiber
“Beans, beans, good for the heart. The more you eat, the more you ... smile.” They make the G-BOMB list because they can act as anti-diabetes and weight-loss foods. They are good for my mood because my body (and every body) digests them slowly, which stabilizes blood sugar levels. Any food that assists me in evening out my blood sugar levels is my friend. They are the one starch that I allow myself, so on top of a salad, they help mitigate my craving for bread and other processed grains.

9. Seeds: Small but Mighty Sources of Omega-3s
When I’m close to reaching for potato chips or any kind of comfort food, I allow myself a few handfuls of sunflower seeds or any other kind of seed I can find in our kitchen. Seeds are the last food on Fuhrman’s G-BOMBS list.

Flaxseeds, hemp seeds, and chia seeds are especially good for your mood because they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Fuhrman writes, “Not only do seeds add their own spectrum of unique disease-fighting substances to the dietary landscape, but the fat in seeds increases the absorption of protective nutrients in vegetables eaten at the same meal.”

10. Apples: Ripe With Antioxidants and Fiber
An apple a day could — if eaten with the rest of these foods — keep the psychiatrist away, at least for stretches of time. Like berries, apples are high in antioxidants, which can help to prevent and repair oxidation damage and inflammation on the cellular level. They are also full of soluble fiber, which balances blood sugar swings. A snack I have grown to love is almond butter on apple slices. I get my omega-3 fatty acid along with some fiber.

1 person found this helpful

What Is Depression?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
What Is Depression?

What is Depression?

While we all feel sad, moody or low from time to time, some people experience these feelings intensely, for long periods of time (weeks, months or even years) and sometimes without any apparent reason. Depression is more than just a low mood – it's a serious condition that affects your physical and mental health.

Types:

-Unipolar and bipolar depression:
If the predominant feature is a depressed mood, it is called unipolar depression. However, if it is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it is referred to as bipolar disorder (previously called manic depression).

Unipolar depression can involve anxiety and other symptoms - but no manic episodes. However, research shows that for around 40 percent of the time, individuals with bipolar disorder are depressed, making the two conditions difficult to distinguish.

-Major depressive disorder with psychotic features:
This condition is characterized by depression accompanied by psychosis. Psychosis can involve delusions - false beliefs and detachment from reality, or hallucinations - sensing things that do not exist.

-Postpartum depression:
Women often experience "baby blues" with a newborn, but postpartum depression - also known as postnatal depression - is more severe.

-Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern:
Previously called seasonal affective disorder (SAD), this condition is related to the reduced daylight of winter - the depression occurs during this season but lifts for the rest of the year and in response to light therapy.

Causes:

The causes of depression are not fully understood and may not be down to a single source. Depression is likely to be due to a complex combination of factors that include:

-depressed woman
-Depression has a wide range of causes and potential treatments.
-genetics
-biological - changes in neurotransmitter levels
-environmental
-psychological and social (psychosocial)

Some people are at higher risk of depression than others; risk factors include:

-Life events: These include bereavement, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems, medical concerns, or acute stress.
-Personality: Those with less successful coping strategies, or previous life trauma are more suceptible.
-Genetic factors: Having a first-degree relativeswith depression increases the risk.
-Childhood trauma.
-Some prescription drugs: These include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers, interferon, and other prescription drugs.
-Abuse of recreational drugs: Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.
-A past head injury.
-Having had one episode of major depression: This increases the risk of a subsequent one.
-Chronic pain syndromes: These and other chronic conditions, such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease make depression more likely.

Symptoms:

-Depressed mood
-reduced interest or pleasure in activities previously enjoyed, loss of sexual desire
-unintentional weight loss (without dieting) or low appetite
-insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping)
-psychomotor agitation, for example, restlessness, pacing up and down
-delayed psychomotor skills, for example, slowed movement and speech
-fatigue or loss of energy
-feelings of worthlessness or guilt
-impaired ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions
-recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt at suicide

Diagnosis:

We've become accustomed to doctors using specialized blood tests or other extensive laboratory tests to help them make a conclusive diagnosis. However, most laboratory tests are not very helpful when it comes to diagnosing depression. In fact, talking with the patient may be the most important diagnostic tool the doctor has. The recommendation is that doctors routinely screen all individuals for depression. This screening might occur during a visit for a chronic illness, at an annual wellness visit, or during a pregnancy or postpartum visit.

Role of Homeopathy in Depression:

Homeopathy is a natural and non-toxic remedy for several diseases. The major advantage of homeopathy over other medication is that it does not cause any adverse side effect. It is safe and can be used at all ages without worrying about any detrimental consequence. Homeopathy is known to be very effective in treating depression. Homeopathy medicines are prescribed after a thorough study of the symptoms. Homeopathy first treats the symptoms and then provides relief; for example, the constant mental exhaustion or some unexplained physical pain. It then works on the cause of the disease. In this case, the medicines will affect and treat the hormonal disorders or neurological disorders. Following this, homeopathy medicines will try to prevent the onset of depression in future. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.

Diet and non diet food:

1. Dark Leafy Greens: A Nutrient-Dense Inflammation Fighter
If you were to choose the healthiest food of all, the most nutrient-dense item available to us to eat, it would be dark, leafy greens, no contest. Spinach. Kale. Swiss chard. Greens are the first of the G-BOMBS (greens, beans, onions, mushrooms, berries, seeds) that Joel Fuhrman, MD, describes in his book The End of Dieting — the foods with the most powerful immune-boosting and anticancer effects.

2. Walnuts: Rich in Mood-Boosting Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Walnuts are one of the richest plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, and numerous studies have demonstrated how omega-3 fatty acids support brain function and reduce depression symptoms. A study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry is especially interesting. The lead authors ask the question, Why is the vast part biological research — from genetics to psychopharmacology — concentrated on neurotransmitters, when the mammalian brain is approximately 80 percent fat (lipids), and there is a growing body of research demonstrating the critical role of lipids in brain functioning? What’s more, the shift in the Western diet away from these necessary omega-3 fatty acids over the last century parallels the large rise in psychiatric disorders in that time.

3. Avocado: Its Oleic Acid Gives You Brainpower
I eat a whole one every day in my salad for lunch. Avocados are power foods because, again, they contain healthy fat that your brain needs in order to run smoothly. Three-fourths of the calories of an avocado are from fat, mostly monounsaturated fat, in the form of oleic acid. An average avocado also contains 4 grams of protein, higher than other fruits, and is filled with vitamin K, different kinds of vitamin B (B9, B6, and B5), vitamin C, and vitamin E12. Finally, they are low in sugar and high in dietary fiber, containing about 11 grams each.

4. Berries: Full of Cell-Repairing Antioxidants
Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries are some of the highest antioxidant foods available to us. I try to have a variety for breakfast in the morning. In a study published in the Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, patients were treated for two years with antioxidants or placebos. After two years those who were treated with antioxidants had a significantly lower depression score. Antioxidants are like DNA repairmen. They go around fixing your cells and preventing them from getting cancer and other illnesses.

5. Mushrooms: Helpful Tools to Lower Blood Sugar
Here are two good reasons why mushrooms are good for your mental health. First, their chemical properties oppose insulin, which helps lower blood sugar levels, evening out your mood. They also are like a probiotic in that they promote healthy gut bacteria. And since the nerve cells in our gut manufacture 80 to 90 percent of our body’s serotonin — the critical neurotransmitter that keeps us sane — we can’t afford to not pay attention to our intestinal health.

6. Onions: Layered With Cancer-Fighting Allium
You won’t find this item on most lists of mood foods. However, it’s included in Dr. Fuhrman’s G-BOMBS because onions and all allium vegetables (garlic, leeks, chives, shallots, and spring onions) have been associated with a decreased risk of several cancers.

“Eating onions and garlic frequently is associated with a reduced risk of cancers of the digestive tract,” explains Fuhrman. “These vegetables also contain high concentrations of anti-inflammatory flavonoid antioxidants that contribute to their anticancer properties.” Again, if you consider the relationship between your digestive tract and your brain, it is understandable why a food that can prevent cancers of the gut would also benefit your mood.

7. Tomatoes: Packed With Depression Fighters
I try to eat at least six baby tomatoes in my salad each day for lunch because tomatoes contain lots of folic acid and alpha-lipoic acid, both of which are good for fighting depression. According to research published in the Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, many studies show an elevated incidence of folate deficiency in patients with depression. In most of the studies, about one-third of depression patients were deficient in folate.

Folic acid can prevent an excess of homocysteine — which restricts the production of important neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine — from forming in the body. Alpha-lipoic acid keeps coming up as I read more about nutrition and the brain, so I have begun to take it as a supplement, as well. It helps the body convert glucose into energy, and therefore stabilizes mood.

8. Beans: Satisfyingly High in Mood-Stabilizing Fiber
“Beans, beans, good for the heart. The more you eat, the more you ... smile.” They make the G-BOMB list because they can act as anti-diabetes and weight-loss foods. They are good for my mood because my body (and every body) digests them slowly, which stabilizes blood sugar levels. Any food that assists me in evening out my blood sugar levels is my friend. They are the one starch that I allow myself, so on top of a salad, they help mitigate my craving for bread and other processed grains.

9. Seeds: Small but Mighty Sources of Omega-3s
When I’m close to reaching for potato chips or any kind of comfort food, I allow myself a few handfuls of sunflower seeds or any other kind of seed I can find in our kitchen. Seeds are the last food on Fuhrman’s G-BOMBS list.

Flaxseeds, hemp seeds, and chia seeds are especially good for your mood because they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Fuhrman writes, “Not only do seeds add their own spectrum of unique disease-fighting substances to the dietary landscape, but the fat in seeds increases the absorption of protective nutrients in vegetables eaten at the same meal.”

10. Apples: Ripe With Antioxidants and Fiber
An apple a day could — if eaten with the rest of these foods — keep the psychiatrist away, at least for stretches of time. Like berries, apples are high in antioxidants, which can help to prevent and repair oxidation damage and inflammation on the cellular level. They are also full of soluble fiber, which balances blood sugar swings. A snack I have grown to love is almond butter on apple slices. I get my omega-3 fatty acid along with some fiber.

1 person found this helpful

Depression

Doctor In Unani Medicine(D.U.M.B.I.M)
Sexologist, Delhi
Depression

Depression

The medical model is a particular way of viewing human suffering, decay, dysfunction and, ultimately, death. It is a paradigm, a lens through which physicians and others perceive certain abnormal or aberrant phenomena like leukemia, diabetes, and now, depression and many other mental disorders. But despite the immense contribution of the medical model in diagnosing and treating disease, its literal application to archetypal human experiences such as depression, psychosis, and anxiety is problematical.
There is no denying that those who suffer from severe depression are ill. 

 

Warning Signs Of Manic Disorder!

MBBS, DNB
Psychiatrist, Jaipur
Warning Signs Of Manic Disorder!

Symptoms for Bipolar disorder varies from patient to patient. Bipolar 1 and bipolar 2 can vary in terms of signs and symptoms. Both diseases have a different set of symptoms and they are diagnosed according to the merit of the symptoms.

Bipolar 1
Bipolar 1 is characterised by a manic episode. This may be followed by a hypomanic or depressive instance. Symptoms of mania can cause major impairment in life and extreme cases may require hospitalisation. Bipolar 1 patients can suffer from psychosis as well.

Bipolar 2
Bipolar 2 is characterised by a hypomanic instance that lasts for at least four days and one depressive instance lasting for a minimum of two weeks. Bipolar 2 doesn’t involve a manic episode. Frequent mood swings and violent behaviour can be major challenge in a patient’s life.

Warning signs of manic and hypomanic behaviour:
a. Quick passing thoughts
b. Unusual talkativeness
c. Distraction
d. Increased social activity
e. Inflated sense of self-esteem

Symptoms of bipolar disorder

  1. Anxious distress: Apprehensions about not finishing a task on time, feeling of restlessness, feeling of losing control, difficulty in concentrating due to distress, fearing an awful event will occur in the near future, etc., are key symptoms of anxiety distress.
  2. Melancholic features: Patients suffering from bipolar disorder like to be left alone. They may not seek pleasure in any activity and even good things may not have much effect on them.
  3. Catatonia: This is a condition wherein, a person stops reacting to the environment. Not speaking and holding unusual body positions are some signs of these symptoms. There might be a tendency of mimicking too.
  4. Psychosis: This is one of the classical symptoms of bipolar disease. It is characterised by hallucination, constant depression and delusions.
  5. Seasonal pattern: There is a pattern of manic, hypomanic and depressive episodes throughout the year. The pattern might change within a month or season.
  6. Rapid cycling: The number of mood swings can exceed four or more times in a single year.
  7. Peripartum onset: This is a condition where bipolar disorder symptoms are witnessed in a pregnant woman during pregnancy or within the four weeks following delivery.

Symptoms in children: It is difficult to find symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens. Along with bipolar disorder, kids are most often diagnosed with other mental health problems as well. The problems can result from stress, trauma or chemical imbalance of the brain. Perhaps the biggest symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens are their frequent mood swings, chronic depression and feeling of despair. There might be a tendency of oversleeping as well. Reaching out to a doctor or professional help is very necessary for cases related to children and teens.

Popular Questions & Answers

My elder brother has symptoms of psychosis for the past 4 years. We have got him treated through various doctors, he goes through different phases (duration near about month) of mind. Sometimes he talks with me & share his thoughts but he has never been the same (normal) now his condition is bit more serious he has stopped talking to all of us, eats very less. He has a delusion, he thinks he has a bladder problem so go more than 100 times toilet in a day even in night he does not stop. We are very worried about him. Whole family is under sadness due to this problem. Please suggest us what to do? He also deny and resist to get a treatment of psychiatrist. It all started when he has set back to back setback of failing in engineering exam (AIEEE) n later during b. Tech. He has to leave b. Tech due to depression.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Abhishek, Sorry for Virendra. I don't know what kind of psychosis he is suffering from. If it is schizophrenia, it needs long term tablets at appropriate dose and psychosocial rehabilitation methods to make him a useful person. It may be schizoaffective psychosis due to different phases of mind, In that case he need long term mood stabilizers also apart from antipsychotic tablets and rehab. Regular visits to a psychiatric social worker or half way or day care homes for psychosocial rehab will help him to have some amount of self esteem and self respect. The dosage of drugs need to be adjusted according to rehab plans.
2 people found this helpful

Dear sir, my wife, Aging 35, has psychosis problem. Please let me know if this problem is curable and how much time is taken.

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DNB (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
Hello Psychosis can occur in a wide range of conditions. First of all the concept of CURE is over rated. If you have ever had common cold, or a fever, and taken medicine for it, you are able to over come the episode and get better. But your are NOT CURED. Cure means to never have the same Problem again. You may even have the common cold again. Like wise psychosis can be treated. Cure is a wrong word. Certain causes of psychosis can be treated very easily (medical causes) while others take a little while. Ideally medication and therapy should be combined together for best result. Good luck.

I went into a toxic psychosis after ingesting cough syrup and Marijuana on a daily basis for 3 years doctor told me you have developed paranoid disorder and I am on antipsychotic since 14 years is it schizophrenia or something else and can I stop my medicines ever?

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Being on antipsychotics for 14 years with paranoid symptoms is most likely schizophrenia. Cannabis and other substance might have triggered the psychosis and it is continuing. Do not alter or stop the medications without psychiatrist advise, as relapse is difficult to treat. All the best.

I am suffering from Shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats, psychosis, anxiety, depression, constant headache, heavy head, panic disorder, unstoppable thoughts & thinking, brain thinking not in my control etc. I have been suffering from constant headache, anxiety, depression, heavy head, restlessness, unstoppable thinking not in my hand etc. From last years end of february. Than these symptoms were there when in last years november ,panic disorder (due to consumption of ganja) and other symptoms started. These all symptoms are continuously there ,and never gone. I am continuously in touch with psychiatrist from last years august. And I suffered from ups and downs in my mental health followed with panic attacks (fear of dying). And panic attack arose after consumption of ganja in last years november. So the main aim to consult you (dietician) is to let me know ,what all physical activities I can do to recover fastly and what all meal plans (foods that will be good for mental health) should I take regularly so that I can recover fastly. Actually I am taking medications continuously, and I found medications sometimes made my health worsened than sometimes helpful. Overall there is only 10% improvement in my health with medication. So I just wanted to focus now on the natural ways to recover fastly. I want to do it on my own. As I am frustrated with this mental health. I want you to tell me the physical activities that I can do regularly to cope up with mental health and also the meal plan required with it. I am damn serious ,i will follow the physical activity plan and meal plan provided by you to recover my health back and walk on roads like a normal human. Please give me a good diet plan or foods that I should take to recover fastly. For example, if I am jogging and running in morning at 6 a.m,than it will require a diet plan for body to make me again jogg and do physical activity next day. As my body feels week too sometimes.

Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Mphil in Medical Psychology, PG Dip Edu Counselling , Certificate in Nutrition & Mental health, Consultant Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, Trivandrum
What I understood from your writing is that you are highly anxious and worried. You may not be having that many kind of illnesses as you described. I am a Clinical Psychologist and what I feel is that you did not get psychological interventions like psychotherapy or counselling in addition to your treatment now. Try to avail cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for the same. Definitely healthy diet with fish and fish oil (omega3) will help you. Avoid direct sugars, processed food and Too much of fat. Do moderate exercise like regular walking for 30 to 40 minutes .Be busy with things and get away from negative thoughts .Bye and take care.
21 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Postpartum Depression Or Postnatal Depression
Hello Everyone!

My name is Dr. Aparna Deshmukh. I am a consultant psychiatrist sexologist. Today I will be talking on postpartum depression or postnatal depression. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder which is characterised by depressive symptoms in the period that follows childbirth in either of the parents. More commonly in mothers. It is important to know about postpartum depression because no.1 is common. About 15% of women suffer from postpartum depression in the postnatal period. Secondly, not only it is important from the point of view mother s mental health but mother who suffers postpartum depression is unable to care for her infant effectively.

And it leads to profound effect, mental health and well-being of the child in the future too. And thirdly, in postpartum depression in its severe form which is postpartum psychosis, the mothers may have thoughts of harming their infants. And they may actually act upon this thought leading to actual harm to an infant and in some cases even death. So how do patients with postpartum depression presents. The postpartum depression onset is usually 2 weeks to 1 month after delivery or sometimes even miscarriage. Some professional even diagnose it after 1 year of child birth. Here the patient typically presents with behaviour and cognitive symptoms. The emotional symptoms include the patient saying that they are sad, sometimes they feel empty inside.

Some patients are irritable, and they get angry on trivial issues. On the other hands. Some patients become lethargic and complaint of low energy or loss of pleasure, loss of interest, loss of enthusiasm. And some patients become withdrawn, non-communicative. In different towards their infant. And in general, they have this fear and worry that they would not be able to care for their infant which leads to a feeling of inadequacy. And sometimes inappropriate guilt and sheen. Many patient s complaints about a loss of concentration, poor memory that they are not able to take their decisions. The decision-making capacity has been reduced. Or they are unable to think clearly. Some have thoughts of hopelessness or helplessness. And even worklessness. And some patients in their severe illnesses may also have thoughts of humming themselves or even others.

The relatives might notice that the patient has either become withdrawn or non-communicative or they may feel that the patient is overwhelmed and anxious. They may notice that the patient is very lethargic. Or some patients, they sleep a lot. Mostly the whole day. And some patients do not sleep at all. So, sleep patterns may vary depending on the patient. Even the appetite changes are noticed in some patient. The severe form of postpartum depression that I was saying formally postpartum psychosis. Now in postpartum psychosis other than these symptoms, there is also presence of psychotic symptoms. These includes suspiciousness towards family member that they will harm them which leads to an agitative and aggressive behaviour of the patients. Sometimes the patient hallucinates i.e. the hear of voices that are inaudible to others. And the relatives may notice that the patient muttering to self, talking to self. Sometimes patient may also have excessive physical activities. Or they may talk excessively or there is the running of thoughts in their mind. So, these symptoms may also be the part of postpartum psychosis.

Another entity, that needs to be differentiated postpartum depression is postpartum blues or baby blues. Now this entity is more common. But fortunately, it is a milder form. And the depressive symptoms are milder. Patient may complaint of depressed mood, fluctuating moods, irritability, change in sleep and appetite pattern. But the good thing is that it is self-limiting. However, in some cases postpartum blues may progress to postpartum depression. So, how common is postpartum depression? Like I said 15% of women in their postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression. However, postpartum psychosis is rarer. Postpartum blues on the other hand much more common. Affecting 50-70% of the women in the postnatal period. What causes postnatal depression?

There are multiple factors: biological, psychological, social factors. Usually it is an interplay between these factors. Sometimes the combination of these factors that leads to postpartum depression. So, the hormonal changes that occur during and after pregnancy, the sleep deprivation, the emotional and physical stress of childbirth, the added responsibility of the child and poor social and family support can lead to postpartum depression. So, how do we treat postpartum depression? In mild cases, like psychotherapy like counseling helps but modern to severe cases the anti-depressants are the main stay of treatment. In postpartum psychosis. Antipsychotic medication is also prescribed. In severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy is also recommended.

Psychotherapy can be combining with the biological therapy. Mainly cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy helps. Counseling and peer support group are also recommended. So, these were the some of the basic questions that I tried to answer about postpartum depression.

For any more information or to book an appointment with me, please contact me through lybrate.com
Play video
Psychiatric Illness
Lifestyle Changes to Boost Mental Health
Lifestyle Changes to Boost Mental Health

Myself Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist, practicing in Mumbai since last 10 years. Mental illness is the most common illness in the world. Stress is the most common factor for causing most of the psychiatric illnesses. People believe that stress is not a psychiatric problem and it is a part of life. That s why most of the patients are not coming for the treatment.

Some misconceptions about stress are there. Stress affect everywhere, your mind and body, from head to toe. When it affects your mind it causes migraine, headache, head ache, vomiting, nausea, paralytic attack, heart diseases, blood pressure, diabetes, acidity and stomach problems, breathlessness, muscle cramps, sexual dysfunction and lot of other illnesses like constipation, diarrhea, anxiety problems, it affects every part of this body. Not only body, it affects your mind and emotions, when emotion affects person becomes irritable, he feels sadness, then gradually other faculties of the mind gets affected and gradually the person either goes into depression, anxiety, sleep problems, psychosis or addictions.

People believe that stress is not an problem. When it becomes a big problem they come for a treatment, with a disease, like depression, anxiety, mood disorders, psychosis or suicide attempt. That time treatment becomes difficult and patient has to take treatment for a longer period. There are a lot of factors causing stress. Most people blame others for their own problems like inflations, job problems. Most of the time he himself is responsible like irresponsible behavior, suspiciousness, not taking responsibility of family-child-workplace, unmanageability, procrastination, all these lead to problem either in home or workplace or in society which leads to stress.

So when the issue of stress management comes most of the general people go for changing their lifestyle, starting exercises, pranayam, moving around or reading some books, listening to music or going outside, all these relieves your stress but only for a couple of days or couple of weeks. Again after that the stress becomes as it is, because the reason for stress is your character defects, until and unless you are not going to change yourself the problem is not going to come down. So when the stress management issues come, initially and most importantly the character defects that leads to the stress has to be managed and it needs a tough and long behavior therapy, counseling, and if the problem arises then you may need psychiatric help.

For more details and further contact you can contact me on Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
How Mental illness affects Your Physical Health?
How Mental illness affects Your Physical Health?

Myself Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Mumbai since last 10yrs. Mental illness is the most common illness in the world.

Stress is one of the most important factor for causing psychological illnesses. People believe that stress is not a psychiatric problem and it is a part of life. That's why most person donot come for treatment. Some misbelieves about stress are there. Stress effects everything, it effects your mind, your body from head to toe, it effects everywhere. When it effects your mind it causes migraine, headache, vomiting, nausea, paralytic attack, heart diseases, blood pressure, diabetes, acidity, stomach problems, restlessness, muscle cramps, sexual dysfunctions and a lot of illnesses like constipation, diarrhoea, anxiety problems. It effects every part of your body, and not only the body but it also effects your mind, it effects your emotions.

When the emotions are effected the person becomes irritable, he remains in a sad mood, and gradually other faculties of mind get effected and the person goes in depression or other problems like anxiety, sleep problems, psychosis, mood disorders and addictions. People believe that stress is not a problem, and when it becomes a big problem they come to us for treatment with a disease like depression, anxiety, mood disorder, psychosis or with suicide attempts. At that time the treatment becomes dfficult and the person has to take treatment for a longer period.

There are a lot of factors causing stress. Most of the people, they blame others for their own problems like inflation and job problems. Most of the time the person himself is responsible like his character depicts irresponsible behaviour, suspiciousness , not taking responsibility of family, child or at work place, unmanagebility, procastination, there are a lot of character defects that lead to problem either at home or work place or in society that leads to stress. So when it comes to stress management most of the people either go for changing their lifestyle, starting exercises, pranayam, moving around or reading some books, listening to music or going outside.

It relieves your stress but only for a couple of days or couple of weeks and again after those couple or days or weeks it becomes as it was before because the reason for your stress was character defects. Until and unless you change yourself the problem is not going to reduce. So when the management of stress comes, initially the most important character defect that leads to stress has to be managed.

It needs a long and tough behavioural therapy, counsellings, and if the problem arises again then you may need psychiatrist help. For more details you can contact me on Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
Know More About Addiction
Hello, I am Dr. Milind Barhate, psychiatrist practicing in Varli and Mumbai area. Now we discuss about the addiction.

Addiction is a disease and it is different from other disease. Most of the people believe that addiction is the only habit. They do not accept that it's a disease. Most of the other disease patient accept whatever this is, whether it is fever, malaria dengu, heart problem, diabetes, problem cancer etc. Patient accepts and go for the treatment. But in case of addiction, patient believes that he/she is normal. Even after there is a liver problem or because of addiction multiple problems arises. Some people requires only one quarter at night to fall asleep, it's not his problem and that's why they do not get it treated and it's a common issue.

Addiction now is increasing. Initially people goes for only alcohol, tobacco, smoking. Nowadays teenagers and children are getting drug addicted like Kaname, Ganja marijuana, charas, brown sugar and cocaine etc. Chemical addiction is also common addiction of the medicines or tablets or syrup.

So addiction is a disease it affects your brain and your body. After certain period of time, your brain and body gets dependent on such substance and because of this reason people generally take the substance repeatedly. There is a change in your brain. Chemical changes occur that causes impulsive inability, frustration, depression, psychosis, a lot of mood changes. In addition to it, it affects everywhere. It affects your body from brain to toe. When it affects your brain it causes lot of diseases like dementia, seizures. When it affects your lung it causes bronchitis lung diseases. When it affects your liver it also affects your liver for the coc's or cancer of the liver, or vomiting of the blood. It also causes blood pressure, diabetes, hypertension, heart problems and erectile dysfunction, reducing sperm count, reducing weight and appetite. It also causes change in behavior, change in sexual behavior, change in sleep and at appetite and also changing driving.

Because of addiction the chances of an accident can increase. It also affects your family also. We'd also affect at occupation also, at your economy also. So it affects almost all parts of your life like body, family, at occupation, at your economy social life and spiritual life. So it's a disease, but different from other diseases, and it may harm oe's life severely. Still the person believes that he is okay. It becomes habit and because of this attitude, most of the patients left untreated which ultimately end up to late stage for the treatment. They come with the mouth cancer and that stage even after if you stop the alcohol, it may ultimately result death. There is a treatment available for it. Treatment is little bit difficult and different from other diseases. So medicines are important to treat the problem.

There are medicines to control the withdrawal features. There are a medicine for sleeping problems, the treatment for constipation is also available as most of the tobacco smokers they're suffering from constipation. Early morning they do not get the pressure. That's why they are regularly taking tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and smoking, so there are medicines for that problem. Tension and even if you are suffering from anxiety, depression or psychosis there is a medicine. Some anti craving medicines are also there to control your mood and craving for substance.

At the same time along with medicines, family counseling, accounting also necessary. Individual counseling also necessary. Social counseling also available for alcoholism. Alcoholic for Drugs Narcotics Anonymous is there, if a person takes a treatment for a longer time. If we take it, it went for only one day, there is no chance. If we took a treatment for one month, there is a little chance and if it continued treatment for 1 year, he's having 25 percent of the chances to come out from the alcohol or drugs. At the same time if he continues the medicines, counseling and social counseling and social support, family support for the longest, wait more than five years there are chances more than eighty percent to come out of this problem. Its lifelong business. There are well known relapses. Even after stopping for alcohol or drugs for five years or ten years there are chances of relapses. The long treatment is needed to prevent the relapses. Cure is not possible treatment because it is a disease of personality. When we counsel the patient, when we are doing individual counseling, we enforce the patient initially, we tell the patients about the disease model and and to make them accept so that they can overcome through it.

Alcoholism and drug is a disease. After accepting, the second part is to identify the character defect, because alcoholism and drug is not a major problem, the major problem is character, habit and a behavior. So second stage is to identify that character defect or behavior deface leading to addiction. After identifying that character defects, we focus that character defect and we work on that with the help of small step program and as the time continues if the patient is ready and motivated to work on it, there are the good chances to come out from this situation. The only thing is, first admit that you are an addict. Second come forward for a treatment and be patient for a longer treatment.

For more information you can contact me on lybrate.com from Dr. milind Barhate. Thank you.
Play video
Impact Of Drug And Alcohol On Children
Hello!

My name is Dr Ankita Mishra. I am a consultant psychiatrist and I will be talking on the topic today alcohol and drugs. What parents need to know? Many young people today are using drugs and alcohol and smoke quite often and statistically up to 50 % of children to the age of 16 years have tried illegal drugs at some point in time. So it is really important for a parent to be aware of this and not take this as part of normal growing up. Taking drugs and alcohol can have serious physical and mental health consequences and can lead to depression or psychosis as well.

Taking drugs can make a youth quiet unpredictable and can lead to accidents, injuries and they can involved in unprotected sex for that matter and it can also have serious physical health problems because of sharing needles and other equipment such as HIV and hepatitis. So it's very important to take all this into consideration. The most commonly used drug is something which is readily available like alcohol or smoking and there can be wear reasons why the youth today uses drugs it could be because of curiosity, for fun, it could be as a way to cope up with anxiety and depression as a way to deal with difficult situation. And it is commonly seen that if there is a member of family or one of the friends are using drugs or alcohol it's more likely for the person to get addicted to it.

It's quite difficult to say when using drugs or alcohol is more than usual or it's like something which is concerning but if you feel that your child is quite concerned about using alcohol and taking drugs or smoking or if you feel that it has become a focus of his or her life and it's quite preoccupied with either using a drug or finding ways to seek it or maybe spends a lot of time thinking about it then it something which can be quite concerning. There can be some behaviour and symptoms is well.

If you feel your child is quite isolated, is not involving in with family or friends, is behaving out of character or you senses unusual smell in your room or you find unusual things like silver foil or needle covers then it is something to be worried about. If you suspect that your child is doing drugs or taking alcohol for that matter there are certain things which you can do as parent. First of all, you have to take stay calm and make sure that it's actually the truth. Secondly, there is no point in getting angry with your child or blaming the child because at this point it's your support and helps that they need most.

There is no point in getting into long conversations or fighting over it especially when your child is in an intoxicated stat. The best possible way to help them out is to let them know that you are on their side and you are there to support them and seek professional help. You can contact a psychiatrist or psychologist what they can do is they can talk with you as well as your child and they can maybe if needed prescribe medication or get your child into therapy. And it's a way by which you as a family and as well aa your child will get the required help and support to recover from addiction.

Thank you so much if you have any further queries or if you want to contact me then you can do that through Lybrate.com
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