Psychosis is associated to a condition in which the patient has a disconnection with reality. It is an indication of a severe mental state. Psychotic people often have hallucinations or delusions. The person affected by this condition may have experiences of thoughts which are absolutely contrary to real life. For example, a person with auditory hallucination may have an experience of his/her mother yelling at him/her, but in fact the mother isn’t even around. On the other hand, visual hallucination is seeing a figure of a person in front of him, who isn’t really there. These experiences are terrifying. These conditions may lead people to either hurt themselves or end their life.
Psychiatric evaluation is used to diagnose psychosis. This diagnosis involves a doctor watching a person’s behavior and asking questions related to their experiences. To detect an underlying condition causing this condition there are x-rays and medical tests that are carried out. The indications of psychosis in adults are very different from those in children. For example, children usually have imaginary friends with whom they talk the whole day. This represents imaginative play. This is absolutely normal in case of small children. In case you are worried about either of a child or an adult, you must explain their behavioral patterns to a doctor. There are several treatment methods available for psychosis. These include medications and drugs, rapid tranquilization and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Treatment of psychosis comprises of three fundamental parts. These incorporate psychotherapy, drug and recovery. These are done in the accompanying ways. Psychotherapy is carried out by making you aware about your condition. The expert enquires about your state of mind, contemplations, emotions and behavioral patterns to come to a diagnosis for your condition. You are then prepared to manage stress. The sessions for psychotherapy can be given separately, in gatherings and even with your family. Your social abilities are polished and developed. An emphasis is given on learning approaches to deal with the side effects and control behavior that impedes your typical working environment and relations. It is likewise essential to advise the relatives of an affected individual to get the coveted outcome.
Medications and drugs too are an indispensable part of the treatment. In spite of the fact that there is no prescription that targets specifically towards Psychosis, the different manifestations can be managed them. Antidepressants work to diminish discouragement, anger, irritability, indiscretion and sadness. Mood stabilizers are medicines that assist in keeping emotional episodes in control. Doubtful perceptions or disconnection from reality that happens when a person has psychosis can likewise be controlled and amended by having antipsychotic solutions (neuroleptics). Anxiety, sleeping disorder and agitation are dealt with anti-anxiety medications. Extreme types of psychosis can end up plainly dangerous for the individual affected and his family and friends. In such cases it gets important to admit the patient to a hospital or rehabilitation center and get treatment there.
People develop psychosis due to two main reasons – genes and surrounding conditions. Such kinds of behavioral disorders are passed down from one generation to another. Those who are subjected to extremely stressful childhood, have bad relations with their family and people around them and have faced unnatural events are at a higher risk of developing such conditions. A person should seek medical care if he has been subjected to such conditions.
Pregnant women have been seen to have a slight risk in taking antidepressants as they can cause birth defects. Any person who suffers from a type of psychosis can undergo the treatment. As the treatment primarily consists of therapy and counseling, it is suitable for all. The only part of the treatment where people might face certain problems is the medications that are given for treating the individual symptoms. People who have serotonin syndrome too cannot take such medications as this could cause a string of effects like rapid heart rate, panic attacks, shivering, loss of muscle coordination and others.
The side effects of the medication associated to the treatment of psychosis include nausea, decreased sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, weight gain because of an increase in appetite, muscle spasms, blurred vision, mouth dryness, dizziness, fatigue, restlessness, tremors, diarrhea, constipation, increased thirst, vomiting, and many more.
In case the symptoms of your psychosis start returning, consult or share your problems with a medical professional, a therapist, or someone close to you and try to work things out for your betterment. Joining a support or a mental health group will combat this condition and help you to a great deal. Make as many lifestyle changes as possible in order to maintain your mental health. These changes may include your workplace or even your relationships which are making you unstable in life. Avoid the consumption of too much alcohol and stop smoking. Eating a balanced diet induced with fruits and green leafy vegetables is a significant part of a healthy lifestyle.
There is no fixed timing related to the treatment of psychosis. This condition may become better or worse over time depending upon the environment or lifestyle measures adopted. With appropriate doses of medication the patient is able to deal with the symptoms and carry on a normal life, but a permanent cure is never available.
The cost of the treatment of any form of psychosis can be divided into two parts – therapy and medication. The usual consultation fees per session of a psychologist are anywhere between Rs.500-1500, and it can go up to Rs.4000. The medication prescribed for the different symptoms come at a cost of about Rs.300-1500 per pack.
The treatment of psychosis aims at managing the symptoms and does not give a definite cure. This means that the medications help to reduce the overall condition and make your life as close to normal as possible. But the chances of a relapse cannot be avoided.
You can treat the different symptoms of psychosis without prescription drugs too. Many natural ingredients have been seen to be useful in such conditions. Consuming kava to fight anxiety and sleep disorders and valerian root to promote sleep are some examples of how natural ingredients help.
Rs. 300 - Rs. 1,500
Epilepsy is a neurological disease which is characterised by recurring epileptic seizures. These seizures can be brief or can persist for prolonged periods. Vigorous episodes which last long can result in physical injuries such as broken bones. Mention that 6th February is International epilepsy day.
Causes of Epilepsy
The cause of this condition isn’t very evident; however, most medical practitioners attribute epileptic seizures to brain tumours, injury, infections in the brain or birth defects. Some doctors believe that epilepsy is caused due to genetic mutations and is an outcome of abnormal activity of cells in the brain. Other causes for this condition can be alcohol or narcotics withdrawal and electrolyte problems.
Types of Seizures
A seizure, also known as fit, is usually a brief episode characterised by uncontrollable jerking movement and loss of awareness due to abnormal neuronal activity in your brain. A collective occurrence of these seizures causes epilepsy.
Five facts about epilepsy you need to know:
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a neurologist.
The medical model is a particular way of viewing human suffering, decay, dysfunction and, ultimately, death. It is a paradigm, a lens through which physicians and others perceive certain abnormal or aberrant phenomena like leukemia, diabetes, and now, depression and many other mental disorders. But despite the immense contribution of the medical model in diagnosing and treating disease, its literal application to archetypal human experiences such as depression, psychosis, and anxiety is problematical.
There is no denying that those who suffer from severe depression are ill.
Symptoms for Bipolar disorder varies from patient to patient. Bipolar 1 and bipolar 2 can vary in terms of signs and symptoms. Both diseases have a different set of symptoms and they are diagnosed according to the merit of the symptoms.
Bipolar 1 is characterised by a manic episode. This may be followed by a hypomanic or depressive instance. Symptoms of mania can cause major impairment in life and extreme cases may require hospitalisation. Bipolar 1 patients can suffer from psychosis as well.
Bipolar 2 is characterised by a hypomanic instance that lasts for at least four days and one depressive instance lasting for a minimum of two weeks. Bipolar 2 doesn’t involve a manic episode. Frequent mood swings and violent behaviour can be major challenge in a patient’s life.
Warning signs of manic and hypomanic behaviour:
a. Quick passing thoughts
b. Unusual talkativeness
d. Increased social activity
e. Inflated sense of self-esteem
Symptoms of bipolar disorder
Symptoms in children: It is difficult to find symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens. Along with bipolar disorder, kids are most often diagnosed with other mental health problems as well. The problems can result from stress, trauma or chemical imbalance of the brain. Perhaps the biggest symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens are their frequent mood swings, chronic depression and feeling of despair. There might be a tendency of oversleeping as well. Reaching out to a doctor or professional help is very necessary for cases related to children and teens.