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Carbamazepine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required
Last Updated: December 14, 2018

Carbamazepinefunctions as an anticonvulsant, and decreases the occurrence of abnormal nerve impulses in the brain which can lead to severe reactions like seizures and acute pain. The drug essentially treats nerve pains like trigeminal neuralgia as well as diabetic neuropathy. Moreover, the drug also effectively treats bipolar disorder.

The medicine should be taken as prescribed, and directions of the doctor should be adhered to strictly. Available in a capsule or tablet form, the drug is meant to be consumed whole.Carbamazepineis also available in liquid as well. The effect of the medicine is quite slow and does lead to some side effects; it may take about a couple of weeks or more for your condition to improve. A few common side effects ofCarbamazepineare-

In case you suffer from the following less common side effects call the doctor as soon as possible-

Before starting the drug make sure to give your doctor detailed information about any existing health issues and allergies. For instance, patients with bone marrow suppression are advised not to consume ofCarbamazepine. Also inform the doctor if you suffer from heart problems, thyroid issues, porphyria, lupus, mental illness or a kidney problem. If you are on the drug during your pregnancy make sure to clearly follow the doctor’s instructions on dosage and consumption. Do not stop the drug or increase dosage without the doctor’s advice as it can cause severe complications for the baby.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Neurologist before using this medicine.

Carbamazepine is used in the treatment of Epilepsy which is a brain disorder that causes repeated seizures. Uncontrolled jerking movements and loss of consciousness are some of the symptoms of Epilepsy.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Carbamazepine is used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia which is a condition that affects the nerve that carries sensations from face to the brain characterized by chronic pain
Avoid if you have a known history of allergy to Carbamazepine.

Bone marrow suppression

Do not use this medicine if you have a history of bone marrow suppression or any blood disorder.
In addition to its intended effect, Carbamazepine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.

Blurred vision

Major Common

Diarrhea

Major Less Common

Nausea or Vomiting

Major Less Common

stiffness of limbs

Major Less Common

Headache

Major Less Common

Drowsiness

Major Less Common

Frequent urination

Major Rare

Weight gain

Major Rare

Yellow colored eyes or skin

Major Rare

Dry mouth

Minor Less Common

Increased sweating

Minor Less Common

Skin Rash

Minor Less Common

How long is the duration of effect?

The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 2 to 3 days

What is the onset of action?

The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 4.5 hours for immediate-release tablets, 3 to 12 hours for extended-release tablets and 1.5 hours for oral suspension.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.

Is it habit forming?

No habit forming tendency has been reported.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

This medicine is recommended only if clearly needed when no safer alternative is available. Monitoring of undesired effects like discoloration of eyes and skin is necessary, drowsiness, and weight gain is necessary.

Missed Dose instructions

If you miss a dose of Carbamazepine, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed dose.

Overdose instructions

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.

India

Japan

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Carbamazepine as ingredient
Talent Healthcare
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Zydus Cadila
Abbott Healthcare Pvt. Ltd
Novartis India Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Reliance Formulation Pvt Ltd
Syntho Pharmaceuticals (P) Ltd
Abbott Healthcare Pvt. Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Psychotropics India Ltd
Novartis India Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Klar Sehen Pvt Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Alcon Laboratories
Medivision Pharm
Tripada Biotec Pvt Ltd
Carbamazepine belongs to the class anticonvulsant. It works by reducing the excitation of the brain cells by inhibiting the sodium channels thus inhibits the repetitive firing of brain cells.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

Interaction with Disease

Depression

Major
Carbamazepine should be given with caution in the patients with depression and suicidal thoughts. Frequent monitoring of depression symptoms is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the outcomes in the patient.

Liver Disease

Major
Carbamazepine should be used with caution in the patients with the mild to moderate liver disease. Frequent monitoring of liver function tests is necessary. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.

Interaction with Alcohol

Alcohol

Moderate
Consumption of alcohol with this medicine is not recommended as it increases the risk of side effects like dizziness, difficulty in concentration. Do not perform activities that require mental alertness like driving or operating machinery.

Interaction with Lab Test

Lab

Information not available.

Interaction with Food

Food

Information not available.

Interaction with Medicine

Diltiazem

Major
Diltiazem may increase the concentration of Carbamazepine. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these medicines. Any symptoms of dizziness, confusion, headache should be reported to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.

Ethinyl Estradiol

Major
The desired effect of contraceptive pills will not be achieved if these medicines are used together. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement of the medicine should be made under the doctor's supervision.

Azole antifungal agents

Moderate
Carbamazepine may decrease the concentration of ketoconazole and itraconazole. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these medicines. Any symptoms of nausea, visual disturbances should be reported to the doctor. Suitable dose adjustments or an alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Table of Content
About Carbamazepine
What are the uses of Carbamazepine
What are the contraindications of Carbamazepine ?
What are the side effects of Carbamazepine ?
Key highlights of Carbamazepine
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Carbamazepine approved?
Medicines containing Carbamazepine
How does medicine works?
What are the interactions of Carbamazepine ?