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Bipolar Disorder - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness which is also known as manic depression. This condition brings severe high and low moods in people affected with this disease. This disease, even alters the energy levels, thinking, sleeping and behavioral patterns of the persons who gets affected with this disease.

Patients who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder can have periods when then will feel overtly energized and happy and sometimes again get bogged down with the feelings of hopelessness, sluggishness, self-pity and sadness. However, in-between these two phases, when they are well, they behave absolutely normal.

It is for this two “poles” of moods which are diametrically opposite to each other that this disease is known as bipolar disorder syndrome.

Per say this disorder is also known as ‘manic’ disorder because people suffering from this mental illness, when they feel overtly excited and confident, they become reckless and impulsive, which often makes them take hasty decisions, purely based on their cognitive impulses. Patients who suffer from sever bipolar disease, also often becomes delusive and thereafter hallucinate about seeing, thinking or believing things that are farfetched from reality.

However, there are also many bipolar people, who suffers from hypomania, which describes the milder symptoms of bipolar mania, and hence their symptoms do not interfere with their everyday lives. This condition is also at times known as clinical-depression in which bipolar patients never endure maniac episodes.

Experts on this disease, says that more than 70% of patients suffering from bipolar disease spends more time fighting depressive syndromes than manic or hypomanic episodes in their lives. Bipolar disease generally develops in the affected persons when they are in their in their adolescence or young adulthood. It has been noticed by experts that this illness rarely happens in people during their childhood.

Often bipolar disorder runs in the family and men and women are equally affected with this disease. Nevertheless, women, unlike men go through ‘rapid cycling’ when affected with this malady which is having 4 or more distinct mood shifts within a year. And so women spend more time staying depressed than men suffering from bipolar disease.

As there is no single cause, hence brain changes, genes and stress all can play a role in clinical progress of this disease.

Bipolar disorder can be treated, but this disease needs long-term ongoing care. Apart from talk-therapy, medications such as mood-stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs and antidepressants are often prescribed according to the severity of the conditions for the patients suffering from this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Mood swings like sadness, or elevated mood. Loss of interest or sudden pleasure in activities. Delusion and lack of concentration. Manic episode, or paranoia. Difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness. Weight gain or acute weight loss. Rapid and frenzied speaking.

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Bipolar Disorder

Dr. Ajay Nihalani 88% (105 ratings)
Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, United Kingdom (MRC Psych), MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Ghaziabad
Bipolar Disorder
What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is a condition in which your mood can swing very high, or very low, for weeks or months. It used to be called manic depression. Your mood can be: Low with intense depression and despair high or manic with elation, over-activity or anger a'mixed state' with symptoms of depression and mania. Bipolar disorder is less common than depression. It affects about 1 person in a 100. What causes bipolar disorder? It seems to run in families, so genes are involved. Genetic causes are less common in the elderly. There may be a physical problem with the brain systems which control mood. Stress can trigger episodes. How does it feel to have bipolar disorder? Depression Feelings of unhappiness that don't go away Agitation and restlessness Loss of self-confidence Feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless Thoughts of suicide Not able to think positively or hopefully Can't make decisions Can't concentrate, lose interest Can't eat, lose weight Can't sleep properly, wake early in the morning Go off sex Avoid other people Mania Very happy and excited Feel more important than usual Full of new and exciting ideas Move quickly from one idea to another Full of energy Don't want to sleep More interested in sex Make unrealistic plans Very overactive, talking quickly irritable with other people who can't go along with your mood and ideas Spending more money
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Manic Depressive Disorder - How To Know If Someone Is Suffering From It?

Dr. Hritu Singh 90% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Manic Depressive Disorder - How To Know If Someone Is Suffering From It?
Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder in recent days, is a major mood disorder characterized by hypomanic or manic episodes (deviation from one's usual mood along with abnormally high energy levels). Mania involves sleeplessness, along with psychosis, hallucinations, rage, grandiose delusions or paranoia. Mania or hypomania isn t usually harmful to the patient and they might exhibit increased capacity for work and creativity. Depressive episodes however, can be debilitating and often life threatening as the person becomes self-destructive and suicidal in many instances. The extent of mood swings can vary from extreme to very mild. They can occur progressively or suddenly and might last for few days to weeks. Patients affected by bipolar disorder may experience disturbances in thinking apart from depressive or manic episodes. Distortions of perception and impaired social functioning are also not uncommon. The cause of bipolar disorder is not fully understood like most mental health conditions and is often thought to be hereditary. The extent of the seriousness of the bipolar symptoms varies from person to person. In some people, the disorder is not full blown and they don t exhibit all the symptoms. Others who aren t that lucky might have to be hospitalized multiple times in their lives as the symptoms creep into their work and personal life and make living a normal life a tough challenge. Psychotic symptoms such as disorganized thinking, hallucinations and delusions might make a person do things that demand the urgency of hospitalization to keep them safe from their suicidal impulses. These symptoms might need to be urgently addressed by a psychiatrist and with the help of medications, the person might be able to regain control of their lives. The symptoms of bipolar disorder are many and can be mainly categorized into two (sometimes overlapping) categories of mania or hypomania and depression: Manic symptoms include: Grandiose delusions (delusion of grandeur) Racing thoughts which are often disconnected Sense of euphoria or false elation Irritability without cause Hampered social functioning Increased sexual inclination and risky sexual behavior Hyperactivity Increase in talking volume or speed Impaired judgment Reduced sleep requirements owing to extra energy levels Increased productivity and creativity Depressive symptoms include: Abnormal eating patterns like over or under-eating to the extent of severe medical complications accompanied by drastic changes in weight Difficulty in concentration, making decisions and remembering Lack of energy or fatigue Contemplating about death for prolonged periods of time and suicidal behavior Oversleeping, insomnia or early awakening Persistent pessimism Irritability and restlessness Feeling of hopeless and negative attitude Mood stabilizers, such as lithium are commonly employed to treat bipolar disorder. Anti convulsants, benzodiazepines and anti psychotics can also be used in the treatment. Along with medications, support from family and friends is of the utmost importance as they need to help provide all the support required in making the person functional and healthy.
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Homeopathic Treatment For Mental Problems!

Dr. Sonali Bhonsle 90% (27 ratings)
Fellowship In Advanced Homeopathy, P.G.Hom.(London), P.G.Dietetics
Homeopath, Pune
Homeopathic Treatment For Mental Problems!
The highest and most important level through which the human being functions is the mental level. The mental plane of an individual is that which registers changes in understanding and consciousness, reflecting the true essence of that person. It enables an individual to think, to complete, and to peruse the purpose of life. Disturbance of these functions in turns constitute the symptoms of mental affections, such as: Anxiety especially unrelated to any identifiable cause depression, especially when it is followed by withdrawal from people or from usual occupation. Loss of self-confidence Unexplainable mood changes Rudeness or aggression without apparent cause or occasioned by some trivial incident. Habitual underachievement The inability to accept responsibilities Phobia Unreasonable feeling of persecution Physical ailments and complaints for which there are no organic cause Symptoms of Mental Problems Dullness Loss of concentration Forgetfulness Paranoia Confusion Forgetfulness Sadness Suicidal tendencies Phobia Anxiety Psychosomatic disorders Personality disorders Homeopathic Treatment For Mental Problems Homeopathic treatment is not only confined to physical health problems but can also be used effectively against mental imbalances. Some doctors have recommended homeopathy over conventional medicines as the latter carry the risk of adverse side effects. Homeopathy can treat various kinds of mental illnesses including but not limited to bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, and general anxiety disorder. Homeopathic treatment also involves intake of lesser quantity of medicine, shorter stay at hospital and laboratory examinations. What s more, you could also combine homeopathy with conventional forms of medication. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using a holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat mental problems but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat mental problems that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of different mental problems: Bipolar Disorder- Homeopathic medicine, Belladonna is quite effective against bipolar disorder. This is a condition in which there are symptoms of violent behavior. For example the patient may even strike the person near him for no particular reason. Another symptom for which belladonna works quite well is when the patient indulges in anti-social behavior such as spitting on other people. An alternative medication that is generally prescribed for symptoms like destructive behavior and screaming is Veratrum Album. Schizophrenia- Hyoscyamus Niger is the recommended homeopathic treatment for a patient who shows symptoms of schizophrenia. The main symptom of schizophrenia is a feeling in which the patient may think that there is a plot against him/her. This feeling may result in the patient avoiding everything offered to him/her, which could potentially include medicine. Another effective homeopathic medicine generally used for treating symptoms of jealousy and suspicion is Lachesis. Depression- Ignatia Amara has proven to be effective for patients with depression. This homeopathic medicine can treat symptoms such as non-communicative behavior and dull mood along with the inability to enjoy the company of others. Aurum metallicum is typically prescribed if your patients have suicidal tendencies. Carcinosin is generally used to treat chronic and severe forms of depression. Generalized Anxiety Disorder- If a person tends to feel worried and uneasy constantly for around 6 months or more then he/she may be suffering from generalized anxiety disorder. A medical practitioner could provide an accurate diagnosis. The patient may find difficulty in concentrating and falling asleep. He/she may also get fatigued easily and have frequent urges to urinate. The Homeopathic medicine, Aconitum Napellus is very effective against Generalized Anxiety Disorder wherein the patient may also suffer from frequent panic attacks. Trembling and palpitations resulting from the anxiety can be controlled by the homeopathic medicine Gelsemium Sempervirens.
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Erectile Dysfunction: More Common in Bipolar Men?

Dr. Vinod Raina 94% (4752 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Erectile Dysfunction: More Common in Bipolar Men?
Erectile dysfunction is an unfortunate situation that all men would like to avoid. Erectile dysfunction is clearly related to a man's penis health, and there are several factors which can bring it about. There also are numerous conditions and situations associated with it. Now a recent study suggests that men with a bipolar condition may be at an increased risk of erectile dysfunction. What is bipolar disorder(BD)? BD is one of many medical terms with which the general public has a general acquaintance but may not have a great understanding of. Sometimes called manic-depressive illness, BD is, according to the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH), "a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks." When a person has BD, they are frequently subject to changes, often sudden and severe, in their mood, energy and activity levels. If they are experiencing a "manic episode," they are in a very "up" mood, seemingly very happy and energetic. A "depressive" episode means the opposite - a "down" feeling where they feel sad, listless and hopeless. The severity of these moods can change, and a bipolar person can switch between them rapidly sometimes; this is what is known as experiencing "mood swings." Scientists are still studying and learning more about BD, including what causes it. There definitely seems to be a genetic component, although genes alone are not the only cause. Their also seems to be a difference in the way the brain of a bipolar person is structured and functions, compared to the brain of a non-bipolar individual. Bipolar condition and erectile dysfunction A study from Taiwan, entitled "Newly Diagnosed BD and the Subsequent Risk of Erectile Dysfunction: A Nationwide Cohort Study" looked at the data associated with 5,150 men at the time when they were newly diagnosed with BD. The doctors then found data on two non-bipolar men for each identified bipolar man, matching them based on various characteristics (age, background, etc.) They then looked the two groups to see what they could find. In the control group of non-bipolar men, erectile dysfunction was present in 0.95% of the group. Among the men newly-diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the rate was 2.12%. (Men who were newly diagnosed with bipolar order were used because they would not then have been receiving treatment for their bipolar disorder. Once they begin receiving mediation to treat their bipolar disorder, it is possible that the medication could be the cause of erectile dysfunction, which would skew the results.) The study does have limitations, of course, and both the 0.95% and 2.12% rates of erectile dysfunction are much smaller than would normally be expected. So it may turn out that men with bipolar disorder do not have a greater risk. But whatever the case, a man with bipolar disorder or erectile dysfunction (or both) should see the appropriate medical professional to obtain treatment and help. An early diagnosis means that an effective treatment plan can be developed more quickly. Even if a man has neither bipolar disorder nor erectile dysfunction, he still needs to keep an eye on his penis health. Daily application of a top tier penis health cr me (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) can help. The best cr me will contain both L-arginine and L-carnitine. L-arginine is an amino acid which helps produce nitric oxide; this in turn helps penis blood vessels expand to accommodate increased blood flow. L-carnitine has neuroprotective properties which make it ideal for protecting the penis from loss of sensation from rough handling or over-aggressive activity in bed.
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5 Tips On How To Cope With Bipolar Disorder!

Dr. Mahesh Hembram 86% (13 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, DPM
Psychiatrist, Jamshedpur
5 Tips On How To Cope With Bipolar Disorder!
Being affected with bipolar disorder can not only strain any relationship but also disrupt different aspects of family life. The mood swings stemming from bipolar disorder tend to occur spontaneously without any particular reason. The effects too can be detrimental. Below are some of the best ways one can cope with the impact of a bipolar disorder: Looking for patterns and signs: You should keep a watch for signs that indicate that you may be entering an episode of mania or depression. Along with a shift in the mood, one should look out for any changes in sleep patterns. It is also essential to keep a track of alcohol or drug usage, energy levels, level of concentration and self-confidence. Since stress is considered a major trigger of bipolar disorder, you should try to simplify life by staying away from any triggers of stress. You may also ask your family and friends to share responsibilities in case your job is too stressful. Keeping an organized and regular schedule: Sticking to a regular and organized routine can help in controlling mood swings and symptoms of bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorders generally don t deal well with a lot of changes. Regardless of whether one does errands or work irregularly, it is important to sleep and wake up at a particular time. Also, practising healthy sleeping habits and relax before bed by listening to music, reading books and taking a warm bath is recommended. Make sure that you don t watch thrilling television shows, surf the internet, or play video games since these habits can worsen the mood swings. Getting regular exercise: Studies show that regular physical exercise can go a long way in improving your mood. You can start by taking a slow walk around your neighbourhood and can gradually increase the intensity of your workouts. Avoiding alcohol and other drugs: Not just alcohol, caffeine is also a strong stimulant which can make you stay wide awake at night and trigger manic episodes. It is also advised to cut back on soda and other sugary drinks, particularly at night. Alcohol, as well as other drugs, can also affect the impact of the medication which, in turn, can trigger mood swings. Writing down your feelings: Keeping a journal of the day to day life, stressors and other problems that you may have encountered through the day can be of help. With the passage of time, you will be able to identify the patterns that emerge as triggers which in turn can help you prepare yourself and manage the mood swings better. These small lifestyle changes and coping strategies can aid in dealing with bipolar disorder effectually. Visiting a specialist can help you get an insight into the exact condition and assist in the management of the triggers.
3456 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Is this a safe prescription for Bipolar disorder:- Dicorate ER 1 Gram + risperdal 2 mg + Clonazep 2 mg?

Dr. Vishal P Gor 94% (702 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Psychiatric Medicine
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Yes, it seems safe for bipolar disorder. More can only be commented after knowing your symptoms and its duration.
1 person found this helpful

I am suffering from bipolar depression disorder from 4 years I had a huge problem of sensitivity and shivering causes of medicine what should I do?

Dr. Saul Pereira 93% (41298 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
It can be a crippling disease if not treated and if treated early the prognosis is good. So quickly visit a counselor and seek his/her opinion. Comply with all the medical prescriptions and work in tandem with the counselor for a long time and learn coping skills and techniques to handle the daily challenges you will face. There are certain adaptations that will suit you during the elation phase and there are certain behaviors that are required during the depressed phases. In the meantime you can do certain things that will give you benefits anyway. Emotional therapy will alleviate a lot of the problems faced in this condition because it is a mood disorder. You need to particularly look at your levels of anger both for its reasonableness and to express it in appropriate manner. I suspect that much of this anger may have origins in early childhood that you may never be aware of now. Talk to your parents and explore that angle. This information will help the counselor too. Also you will need to check whether there is any genetic factor involved. You must exercise regularly, eat healthily and sleep normally too. If your motivation and cooperation is good much can be achieved. You must have a time-structured schedule filled with interesting and reasonable activities and it must be monitored for compliance and delivery. The reason I say this is that many times you will be inclined to have grandiose notions and confidently believe that you can do without the medication. This will set you back many months in the treatment and delay and sabotage the recovery: forewarned you are forearmed. If this combination of medication with therapy is maintained for at least three years without any episodes or breakdowns, it is possible to taper the medication in consonance with the doctor. Bipolar is characterized by two extreme poles i.e. Feeling very high (mania) and suddenly feeling very low (depression). You can ask the doctor for the symptoms he noticed in you for a personal understanding. You must talk to your doctor about the sensitivity and shivering to get a clarification.
1 person found this helpful

Can I take olenzplus with stalopampluz to treat my bipolar disorder, Please any psychiatrist advise.

Dr. Deepti Kukreja 91% (37 ratings)
DPM, DNB Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
If you are on an adequate dose of Licab, you don't need to take any other medicine. Please get a serum Lithium level checked to see if the dose is adequate for you or not.

Is there any test available to know if some is suffering from brain illness like bipolar (except clinical assessment)Please suggest.

Dr. K V Anand 93% (22428 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate-user. Thanks for the question. There are no tests yet to know about mental status except Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ: The MDQ is designed to provide a tool to aid clinicians in the screening of present and past episodes of mania and hypomania. The MDQ includes 13 questions associated with the symptoms of bipolar disorder plus items assessing clustering of symptoms and functional impairment.

Health Quizzes

Learn To Deal With Bipolar Disorder!

Dr. Vaibhav Dubey 86% (18 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar disorder can be treated with medications. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
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79 people took this quiz

Strange Facts About Borderline Personality Disorder!

Ms. Sukanya Biswas 89% (123 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology & Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Practioner, Certified Neuro linguistic programming Practioner, Masters in Clinical Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Child and ADolescent Counselling
Psychologist, Pune
Borderline Personality Disorder is quite common and tends to affect a significant number of people. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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