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Bipolar Disorder - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Whta is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness which is also known as manic depression. This condition brings severe high and low moods in people affected with this disease. This disease, even alters the energy levels, thinking, sleeping and behavioral patterns of the persons who gets affected with this disease.

Patients who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder can have periods when then will feel overtly energized and happy and sometimes again get bogged down with the feelings of hopelessness, sluggishness, self-pity and sadness. However, in-between these two phases, when they are well, they behave absolutely normal.

It is for this two “poles” of moods which are diametrically opposite to each other that this disease is known as bipolar disorder syndrome.

Per say this disorder is also known as ‘manic’ disorder because people suffering from this mental illness, when they feel overtly excited and confident, they become reckless and impulsive, which often makes them take hasty decisions, purely based on their cognitive impulses. Patients who suffer from sever bipolar disease, also often becomes delusive and thereafter hallucinate about seeing, thinking or believing things that are farfetched from reality.

However, there are also many bipolar people, who suffers from hypomania, which describes the milder symptoms of bipolar mania, and hence their symptoms do not interfere with their everyday lives. This condition is also at times known as clinical-depression in which bipolar patients never endure maniac episodes.

Who are affected?

Experts on this disease, says that more than 70% of patients suffering from bipolar disease spends more time fighting depressive syndromes than manic or hypomanic episodes in their lives. Bipolar disease generally develops in the affected persons when they are in their adolescence or young adulthood. It has been noticed by experts that this illness rarely happens in people during their childhood.

Often bipolar disorder runs in the family and men and women are equally affected with this disease. Nevertheless, women, unlike men go through ‘rapid cycling’ when affected with this malady which is having 4 or more distinct mood shifts within a year. And so women spend more time staying depressed than men suffering from bipolar disease.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder :

As there is no single cause, hence brain changes, genes and stress all can play a role in clinical progress of this disease.

How is the condition treated?

Bipolar disorder can be treated, but this disease needs long-term ongoing care. Apart from talk-therapy, medications such as mood-stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs and antidepressants are often prescribed according to the severity of the conditions for the patients suffering from this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Mood swings like sadness, or elevated mood. Loss of interest or sudden pleasure in activities. Delusion and lack of concentration. Manic episode, or paranoia. Difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness. Weight gain or acute weight loss. Rapid and frenzied speaking.

Popular Health Tips

Suffering from Bipolar Disorder - 5 Things That Can Really Help!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, Master of Public Health (MPH) Sweden
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Suffering from Bipolar Disorder - 5 Things That Can Really Help!

If you are living with bipolar disorder then you will need a combination of skills to successfully combat each day of your life. Educating yourself about the disorder is the first step, however, there are certain tips that can come in handy on numerous occasions.

Here are 5 tips that will really help you out:

  1. Educate yourself about the disorder: The first thing you need to do is educate yourself about the details of bipolar disorder. Find out about the symptoms, read about the causes and the diagnosis procedure and ultimately find out everything about the treatment. Your doctor will provide you all the information and suggest you all the required treatment procedures. However, don’t try to self-diagnose and self-treat your disorder without an expert opinion.
  2. Stay connected with your friends and loved ones: Isolation is not the best way to handle bipolar disorder. The more you isolate yourself the higher the risk of mood swings. This lack of connection will lead to depression and that should be avoided at all cost. So try to be as connected to the world as possible. Talk to your family members, hangout with your friends, spend time with people around you; and you will feel a lot better.
  3. Track the symptoms: Keep a daily log of your moods, thoughts and behaviors. This is a fantastic way to track the symptoms of the disorder. This will be revealing in the end, as when you present them before the doctor, he/she will be able to easily diagnose your condition. Try to keep track of particular incidents that may trigger any stress and change in behavior and log the mood episodes that you may have experienced pertaining to those triggers.
  4. Employ coping mechanisms: It is not always possible to call on your doctor or counselor, so try to develop your own coping mechanism with the help of your doctor or counselor. Your mood episodes are going to be spontaneous so the coping mechanisms should be kept in mind. It can be anything that induces calmness in you such as staying connected, happy thoughts, music and any other healthy habits that captures your interest and engages you in something else.
  5. Create a crisis plan: Create a contact list that will include the people, serially, who should be contacted in case of an emergency or a crisis attack. If you feel like you are experiencing any symptoms then contact them for help. When you are out of control, you will not have much time, so it is also advised to keep emergency numbers on speed dial to get yourself hospitalized without any time loss. Add your loved ones to the emergency contact list.
3712 people found this helpful

5 Tips On How To Cope With Bipolar Disorder!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry, DPM
Psychiatrist, Jamshedpur
5 Tips On How To Cope With Bipolar Disorder!

Being affected with bipolar disorder can not only strain any relationship but also disrupt different aspects of family life. The mood swings stemming from bipolar disorder tend to occur spontaneously without any particular reason. The effects too can be detrimental. Below are some of the best ways one can cope with the impact of a bipolar disorder:

  1. Looking for patterns and signs: You should keep a watch for signs that indicate that you may be entering an episode of mania or depression. Along with a shift in the mood, one should look out for any changes in sleep patterns. It is also essential to keep a track of alcohol or drug usage, energy levels, level of concentration and self-confidence. Since stress is considered a major trigger of bipolar disorder, you should try to simplify life by staying away from any triggers of stress. You may also ask your family and friends to share responsibilities in case your job is too stressful.
  2. Keeping an organized and regular schedule: Sticking to a regular and organized routine can help in controlling mood swings and symptoms of bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorders generally don’t deal well with a lot of changes. Regardless of whether one does errands or work irregularly, it is important to sleep and wake up at a particular time. Also, practising healthy sleeping habits and relax before bed by listening to music, reading books and taking a warm bath is recommended. Make sure that you don’t watch thrilling television shows, surf the internet, or play video games since these habits can worsen the mood swings.
  3. Getting regular exercise: Studies show that regular physical exercise can go a long way in improving your mood. You can start by taking a slow walk around your neighbourhood and can gradually increase the intensity of your workouts.
  4. Avoiding alcohol and other drugs: Not just alcohol, caffeine is also a strong stimulant which can make you stay wide awake at night and trigger manic episodes. It is also advised to cut back on soda and other sugary drinks, particularly at night. Alcohol, as well as other drugs, can also affect the impact of the medication which, in turn, can trigger mood swings.
  5. Writing down your feelings: Keeping a journal of the day to day life, stressors and other problems that you may have encountered through the day can be of help. With the passage of time, you will be able to identify the patterns that emerge as triggers which in turn can help you prepare yourself and manage the mood swings better.

These small lifestyle changes and coping strategies can aid in dealing with bipolar disorder effectually. Visiting a specialist can help you get an insight into the exact condition and assist in the management of the triggers. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3456 people found this helpful

Bipolar Disorder - Things You Must Know!

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Bipolar Disorder - Things You Must Know!

We all have mood swings, but not all mood swings have the same intensity. People who have extreme mood swings ranging from depression to manic highs are said to be suffering from bipolar disorder. These extreme moods are known as episodes and usually last for a few days of even a few weeks at a time. A person suffering from bipolar disorder could have an episode several times a year. This is a very common psychological problem and can affect both children and adults. Though it cannot be cured, this disease can be managed with medication.

There are no known causes for bipolar disorder but genetics may play an important role in triggering this disorder. Hence, if a parent or sibling suffers from this condition, you have a risk of developing it as well. An imbalance in the neurotransmitters in the brain may also play a part in the development of this condition. Stress or traumatic events like the loss of a loved one can also increase your risk of suffering from this condition.
Given that mood swings affect almost each one of us, bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose. Some of the things to look out for are:

  1. Change in self-esteem
  2. Unusual talkativeness or quietness
  3. Being increasingly prone to distractions
  4. Decreased need for sleep
  5. Agitation
  6. Recklessness in terms of spending decisions, relationships etc

It must be kept in mind that a person must display at least 4 of the above symptoms simultaneously to be diagnosed as bipolar. Also, none of these symptoms should be a result or side effect of any kind of medication, drugs, alcohol or other intoxicants.

There are four main types of bipolar disorder.

  1. Bipolar I: In such cases, the person has at least one episode of elevated moods and associated abnormal behaviour in his or her life. This may be preceded or followed by depressive episodes.
  2. Bipolar II: In these cases, the person must have suffered from at least one depressive episode. It is very similar to bipolar I except that in bipolar II the highs never reach the manic stage.
  3. Rapid Cycling: Some people can have 4 or more manic and depressive episodes a year. In such cases, they are said to be rapid cycling. This condition affects 10-20% of bipolar cases.
  4. Mixed Bipolar: Usually, bipolar patients show mood swings that alternate between manic and depressive moods. However, sometimes a person may experience both elation and depression simultaneously or in rapid succession of each other. These cases are known as mixed bipolar.

Once diagnosed, bipolar disorder can be managed with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. In some cases, electroconvulsive therapy may also be needed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

5517 people found this helpful

Single Parent - Problems Your Child Might Face!

Ph. D - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Single Parent - Problems Your Child Might Face!

The mother and the father, both clearly play defined roles in the development of a child’s personality. While the mother teaches the child things like kindness and love, the father reinforces messages like hard work and dedication. Due to various reasons, there are a number of children who end up growing up with single parents. Both the child and the parent have to deal with a lot of hardships.

The patterns observed also differ based on whether the single parent is the mother or the father. There are various negative effects to this, and few of them have been listed below.

  1. Social disconnect: Most children growing up with a single parent do not feel normal. There is a constant feeling of confused identity. In some cases, the children may not be able to cope with these hardships leading to depression and decreased self-confidence. In the long run, the child may be less compassionate and supportive and more aggressive and confused. There could be a sense of resentment towards the parents for forcing him to live with a single parent. The kid may also despise other children who grow up with both parents. They may also have very less friends and social connect than kids with both parents
  2. Odd combination: If a single mother is raising a son, her contribution to his growth is very limited from a psychological point of view. They would always look for a father figure whom they can reach out to. Same is the case with a girl growing up with a single father. She misses the mother with whom alone she would be able to share some things. The overall personality in both these cases is significantly altered from boys and girls who grow up with both parents.
  3. Performance levels: The stress of living with single parents puts pressure on the child constantly, and there could be performance dip in academics, sports, and co-curricular activities. These children also tend to become uncooperative; therefore getting them to follow the school curriculum becomes difficult. The chances of them dropping out of education and getting expelled from school are quite high.
  4. Social menaces: The incidence of smoking, alcohol abuse, and substance abuse is quite high and also happens much earlier in these kids. Because of the constant stress they are in, these become outlets for them to be themselves.
  5. Sexual abuse: With single parent children, the chances of sexual abuse (by them and of them) are also quite high.

These are some of the psychological problems that children growing up with single parent face. Although this may not be the case with all the children as every child has a different thinking and reaction. However unpleasant it may be, this continuous battle on raising a child alone and addressing these issues has to be fought every single day. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychologist.

4222 people found this helpful

Bipolar Disorder - Can It Be Detected?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Bipolar Disorder - Can It Be Detected?

Bipolar disorder is one of the conditions which most people are aware of. However, not many can truly understand. Lets see some signs that inform a person of possible bipolar disorder in a child or a teenager:

While most kids go through a series of ups and downs on a regular basis, in the case of a child who has bipolar disorder, both the ups and downs can be characterised by relative extremes. Not only does the mood of the child change, but also there are other changes which take place. These changes affect the sleep cycle as well as the clarity of the affected child’s intuition and the level of energy that is displayed. The set of people who are at the highest risk of developing bipolar disorder are those who have reached their late teen years and are entering adulthood.

There are ways to treat bipolar disorder, but the fact remains that it stays for life.
When a person has bipolar disorder, the manic phase may result in him or her acting happy or silly in an unusual manner, at least for a person who is around that age. In addition to this, a short temperedness may be displayed and there are problems in getting proper sleep. It is important to keep in mind the fact that in the manic phase, the person is quite likely to commit risky actions. As such, one must keep an eye on his/her affected child.

On the other hand, over the course of the depressive phase, the patient is likely to feel guilty and cut down on the amount of food that is eaten. There is a general loss of energy and even activities, which normally seemed engaging and fun may seem to have lost their allure during this phase. In some cases, thoughts of death and suicide may also be considered.

As a parent, it is important to be aware of the fact that bipolar disorder may not necessarily occur on its own. In fact, there are quite a few cases when it occurs with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). It, in fact, has been seen that ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder​) has spurred the success of a few sportsmen, like Michael Phelps. Having said that, it is important that we make efforts and ensure that such disorders do not affect the minds of people. Treatment is especially important as bipolar disorder can also lead to substance abuse and in extreme cases untimely death. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

2658 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Do I need to take medication for lifetime if I am having bipolar disorder? I am on oleanz plus half tablet a day. Will it affect my sexual performance if I take this medication for lifetime?

Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Bhooshan, It depends on whether you get mania or depression, how frequently you get the episodes, how severe the episodes are, how long each episodes last, the understanding of your family, co workers and others about bipolar disorder, etc. Oleanz by itself may not cause any change in sexual performance. Oleanz plus contains Fluoxetine that may cause erectile dysfunction. If you did not have any problem with oleanz plus initially, you may not have any problem in future. It is not a long term side effect of Fluoxetine.

My daughter is suffering bipolar disorders she takes 1 -licab 2-flunil-20 mg 3-petril-0.5 mg she takes medicine from 10 january 2019 I want to know from you is this medicine is good or not.

Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, all these are medicines given for bipolar depression. They are good keeping your daughter in good mood. But all drugs have side effects also. If you consult your psychiatrist periodically, she/he will be able to adjust the dose of licarb, depending on the serum lithium level. Flunil and petril may be stopped after improvement of depression.

Sir we want to move canada, my husband take lalithium xr, so it is possible to get this medicine or any alternate medicine in canada?

Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear Lybrate-User, the same medicine lithium carbonate will be available in canada, not in the same name (lalithium xr). Please check on the dose, calculate total dose per day and check the strength of the tablet that is available. Take a summary of your husband's treatment and prescription from your doctor, to carry medicines for few months in canada. It is better to find a psychiatrist and check serum lithium level with newer company's lithium carbonate.

My uncle is 53 year old. He is having bpad and it s hereditary. Now he started with depression after 2 years he started symptoms like aggression doubt loss of appetite. His psychiatrist has treated him with sizodon tablet. Can we give this same tablet. Can we mix the tablet in tea and can give.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Anand
Your uncle if diagnosed as Bipolar affective disorder need to take mood stabilizer for long term for proper control.There are many covert medication available like syrup valproate,syrup risperidone(sizodone) for non cooperative patients but best way is to contact nearby psychiatrist and if patient is reluctant plan for a home visit.That will be the best for patient.

Table of Content

Whta is Bipolar Disorder?

Who are affected?

Causes of Bipolar Disorder :

How is the condition treated?

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Know More About Bipolar Disorder

Mai Dr. Rahul Chandhok hun. Mai ek senior consultant psychiatrist hun. Mai apni practice Medoc clinic faridabad me karta hun aur fortis hospital Delhi NCR me parha hun. Aaj mein ap sy bat karu ga bipolar disorder k bary me. Mery khayal sy bohat kam wayaktio ny is ky bary me suna hoga siway unky jinky kisi pariwar ky sadasiye me ye bemari hoti hai. Abhi bhe jisko ye bemari ho jati h uski pehchan karna ar iska ilaj karvana mushkil ho jata h kiu ky bipolar disorder ek tarah ka mood disorder h jis me ya to wayakti usdasi me chala jata h ya phir teji me chala jata .teji ka matlab usy nind kam ati . Usy asal me nind ki zrurat he kam mehsus hoti h. Usy lagta h ky wo 2 ghanty so kr hi itna taro taza hogya jitna ky wo 8 ghanty so kr hva. Wo 2 ghanty sony ku bad apny kariya-karab shuru kar deta h ,baki logo ko jagana shuru kar deta h.Apny kam waghera shuru kar deta h. Usy lagta h ky agr mery pas itni taqat hy to kiu na abi sy he sb kch shuru kar dia jy. Usy esa mehsus hota hy ky mery pas bht rupia pesa h me kuch bhe khareed sakta hu ya koi bhe political activity kar ky jeet sakta hu. Boht sary log apni esi bemari ki episode me jisy ham mania kehty hein kai bar election tk lar jaty h ar jb unki episode thek hota hy tb unhy pta chlta h ky ham ny kitni apna nuqsan karva liya.Is me jo smjhny wali bat hy wo ye hy ky bipolar disorder ek anu-vanshik disorder h. Ye kai bar pariwaro me chalta hy is liye ye boht zruri ho jata hy ke jb ap is ka ilaj karvayn ya koi doctor apko boly kii apky mareez ko bipolar disorder h to wo ilaj poora karvayn is me jo dawaiya istimal ki jati hein Unhy mood stabilizers kaha jata hy yani ki ye man ki awastha ko na to udaasi me jany deti hein ar na he tezi me jany deti hein. Is wja sy inhy lamba chalana parta hy warna jesy he ye dawai chotti hy kai bar episodes dobara hony ky chances bany rehty h. Dono he parikar ky episodes is me dekhy jaty hein, udaasi bhe ar teji bhe jisy ham mania kehty h. Dawai is me mukhiye role play karti hy kiu ke dimagh jo imbalance ho jata h usy dawa ky duwara he balance me rakha ja sakta hy ar ye lamby samay tk chalti h. Agr koi bipolar ka mareez apny substance abuse karta hy yani ky nasheely padarto ka sewan karta hy jesa ky bhaang ,charas,ganja,sharab to usky episode ky bar bar hony ar sath he sath shaak ki samasiya ky chances bhe barh jaty hein. Is lye in sabhi padarto sy dur rahiye par agar ap apni dawa properly lyty hy ar doctor sy milty rehty hein to ap utny he achy reh sakty hein jitna kii koi ar wayakti ar koi bhe ya nahi jan pay ga ki ap ko esa koi rog hy.

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Know More About Bipolar Disorder
Symptoms of Bipolar disorder!
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Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
Here is detail about how to live and cooperate with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder.

Hello! My name is DR. Vikas Khanna and today I ll be talking very briefly about how to live and cope up with problems like Schizophrenia and Bipolar disorder. It is especially for the people and family members of the patients who are suffering from schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which the patient lives in his own reality, he has his own imagined reality. His behaviors and his actions are totally disassociated with what we call our normal reality. We all have our own set of realities, we perceive the world in through our colored glasses but the reality of schizophrenic patient has no common ground with the world reality. The disease has a very strong genetic disposition and sadly its prognosis is poor.

So how to cope up with it? How to live up with it? Normally we force the patient to fit himself or herself into the reality of the world which is very disturbing for the patient. We are basically perpetuating the conflict by forcing the reality. They cannot change the reality, for them, that s the real world. Can we leave them in their own reality and at least do not aggravate the conflict? Similarly, in bipolar disorder, patients normally have episodes of high and episodes of low but we try to fit their highs into what we call normal. Can we let them enjoy their highs and not struggle with their loss?

If there is any further query, you can approach the platform lybrate and you can pose your question through email or call.
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