Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Bipolar Disorder - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness which is also known as manic depression. This condition brings severe high and low moods in people affected with this disease. This disease, even alters the energy levels, thinking, sleeping and behavioral patterns of the persons who gets affected with this disease.

Patients who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder can have periods when then will feel overtly energized and happy and sometimes again get bogged down with the feelings of hopelessness, sluggishness, self-pity and sadness. However, in-between these two phases, when they are well, they behave absolutely normal.

It is for this two “poles” of moods which are diametrically opposite to each other that this disease is known as bipolar disorder syndrome.

Per say this disorder is also known as ‘manic’ disorder because people suffering from this mental illness, when they feel overtly excited and confident, they become reckless and impulsive, which often makes them take hasty decisions, purely based on their cognitive impulses. Patients who suffer from sever bipolar disease, also often becomes delusive and thereafter hallucinate about seeing, thinking or believing things that are farfetched from reality.

However, there are also many bipolar people, who suffers from hypomania, which describes the milder symptoms of bipolar mania, and hence their symptoms do not interfere with their everyday lives. This condition is also at times known as clinical-depression in which bipolar patients never endure maniac episodes.

Experts on this disease, says that more than 70% of patients suffering from bipolar disease spends more time fighting depressive syndromes than manic or hypomanic episodes in their lives. Bipolar disease generally develops in the affected persons when they are in their in their adolescence or young adulthood. It has been noticed by experts that this illness rarely happens in people during their childhood.

Often bipolar disorder runs in the family and men and women are equally affected with this disease. Nevertheless, women, unlike men go through ‘rapid cycling’ when affected with this malady which is having 4 or more distinct mood shifts within a year. And so women spend more time staying depressed than men suffering from bipolar disease.

As there is no single cause, hence brain changes, genes and stress all can play a role in clinical progress of this disease.

Bipolar disorder can be treated, but this disease needs long-term ongoing care. Apart from talk-therapy, medications such as mood-stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs and antidepressants are often prescribed according to the severity of the conditions for the patients suffering from this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Mood swings like sadness, or elevated mood. Loss of interest or sudden pleasure in activities. Delusion and lack of concentration. Manic episode, or paranoia. Difficulty falling asleep or excess sleepiness. Weight gain or acute weight loss. Rapid and frenzied speaking.

Popular Health Tips

Borderline Personality Disorder - Can Emotional Instability Be A Sign Of It?

Dr. Asif Iqbal Ahmed 87% (15 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Borderline Personality Disorder - Can Emotional Instability Be A Sign Of It?
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is such a disorder of personality that causes mood swings, self-esteem issues, impulsive behavior and recurrent self-harm behaviour. It is very difficult to lead a normal life with these varied psychological issues. People suffering from BPD fear abandonment and loneliness. Yet, they have a tendency of showing mood swings, sudden emotional outburst or anger and hostility. This prevents them from having a long lasting relationship in life. It usually starts affecting the patient's life from early adulthood. It however seems to improve with age. The patient also has distorted self-image. He or she is unclear about what they want from life or what they are in reality. Even minor incidents can trigger intense reactions in people with BPD. Symptoms of BPD: Disturbed self-image: People have self-esteem issues, they sometimes love or hate themselves or see themselves as evil. They have unclear goals, views, beliefs and often end up changing their friends, lovers, jobs, sexual identity frequently. Emotional instability: Intense feelings of rage, sorrow, anger, guilt and emptiness or loneliness are experienced by some sufferers of BPD. Extreme mood swings, lasting for a short span of time, are common in BPD. They may also have issues with their self-image where they cannot place themselves and don't know what they feel about themselves or who they are. Dysfunctional relationships: It is very difficult to maintain a normal relationship for people with personality disorder. They tend to have quick short-lived relationships and get put off very easily which leads to a lot of heartbreak. Suicidal tendencies and frequent self-harm behaviour like cutting skin using blades/ sharp objects are common. Drugs and alcohol abuse, eating disorders and sexual promiscuity are other forms of self-destructive behaviour commonly encountered in this population. Causes for BPD: Usually it has been found by researchers that it occurs to patients who have had a disturbed childhood. Complex and unpleasant happenings in the childhood may leave a deep impact on the patient's personality, which comes back as a disorder in his or her early adulthood. From mental, physical to sexual abuse in the childhood can lead to this condition in adults. Besides, researchers have discovered recently that this illness has hereditary links. Some genes may be responsible for BPD. Improper functioning of the brain is also another factor. Especially, the portion of brain that controls emotions might not be functioning properly in co-ordination with other parts of it. Diagnosis for BPD: There is no particular clinical test that can diagnose BPD. It can be diagnosed by a series of interactive session with the patient by a psychiatrist. Love and support from family and friends are crucial for patients suffering from this disease. Prolonged counseling sessions, therapies and the effort to break away from the chronic gloomy thoughts will definitely lead one to a better life.
2 people found this helpful

Strict Parenting - Can It Be Harmful For Your Kids?

Dr. Priti 85% (35 ratings)
PGDCA, BA-Psychology, MA-Psychology
Psychologist, Ghaziabad
Strict Parenting - Can It Be Harmful For Your Kids?
You might think, as a parent, that if you behave strictly then your child will become well-behaved. But research and studies have shown that the opposite happens. Strict parenting leads to children who behave worse than others and they suffer from low self-esteem. Some other reasons why being strict is harmful: Never learning self-regulation: Responsibility and self-discipline have to be learned by the children themselves. When you put harsh limits on them, they never learn self-regulation. If they think the limits don t sound too harsh, they will learn to accept them. But the limits placed on them should never be controlling. If this happens, children see themselves as being controlled and no one enjoys being controlled. Instilling fear: If you are being authoritarian (parenting in which there are high demands and low sympathy) instead of empathetic, then your children will become scared of you. You are instilling the power of fear in them. This triggers a vicious chain of events. When you yell, they will yell as well. Anger and depression: Authoritarian parenting often leads to children believing a part of them is unacceptable. They feel that their parents would not understand. It makes them susceptible to anger management issues and depression. Blindly obeying those in power: Children raised up in strict households start thinking power is always right. They learn to obey blindly. This makes them vulnerable to peer pressure. They also never learn to take responsibility for their actions. Rebelling: Children tend to be angrier and become rebellious when they have strict parents. The need to break free and not conform to the non-empathetic limits that forces them to act out. They might even nurture thoughts about leaving home and running away. Lying: Strict parenting creates excellent liars. Children learn to lie when they are in trouble. They think lies will placate their parents and they can get away with anything. Damage to parent-child relationship: If you are strict and you don t change your authoritarian ways, then it damages your relationship with your children. Natural empathy is lacking in strict parents. You don t understand your child, and your child doesn t feel like sharing their lives with you. It creates a divide between the parent and child. Children never quite get over this as they grow older.

Bipolar Disorder - Everything You Want To Know!

Dr. Rahul Chandhok 88% (11 ratings)
M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Bipolar Disorder - Everything You Want To Know!
Also known as manic-depressive illness, bipolar disorder is not a rare diagnosis. Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that is characterized by extreme shifts in mood with constant variation in energy and activity levels. With these abnormal fluctuations and shifts, the person suffering from bipolar disorder finds it difficult to finish their everyday chores and lead a normal everyday life. Fortunately, with the right treatment and proper care, patients can recover fully. Causes of Bipolar Disorder Genetics A person with a blood relative who has bipolar disorder, has a higher risk of developing it Brain Chemical Imbalance Neurotransmitters that carry signals to and from the brain to other parts of the body does not function correctly Hormonal Imbalance Certain hormonal problems can trigger the disorder Environmental Factors Mental stress, abuse, traumatic events and other factors can elevate the risk Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder 1. Signs of Manic Episodes Feeling too happy for a prolonged time Talking very fast with racy thoughts Extremely restless and hasty Being too overconfident in self Gets easily distracted Lack of sleep Engaging in unsafe behavior like gambling with savings, spending too much or having impulsive sex 2. Signs of Depressive Episodes Feeling too sad for a prolonged time Withdrawal and losing interest in activities Low Appetite Lack of energy Speaking very Slowly Facing problems with making decisions, memory, and focus Low self-esteem Constant thinking of giving up life Types of Bipolar Disorder 1. Bipolar 1 This is the classic form of manic-depressive disorder with clear and extreme shifts in mood. Patients can have manic or mixed episodes. 2. Bipolar 2 Symptoms are less severe and are called hypomanic episodes that can involve less severe manic episodes with depression episodes as well. 3. Cyclothymia A milder form of bipolar disorder, the patient experiences bouts of mood disturbances which alternate between feelings of being happy and sad. The patient may feel stable but will have noticeable fluctuations in mood that are usually less severe. Treatments The prime aim of the treatment for bipolar disorder is to lessen the frequency of manic and depressive episodes, thereby enabling them to lead a normal life. Hospitalization - Patients suffering from bipolar disorder 1 often need hospitalization if there is a big risk that they may harm themselves or others Lithium Carbonate The commonly prescribed drug for this disorder, the patients are to follow the right dosage. Anticonvulsants and antipsychotics are also prescribed along if needed. Psychotherapy Minimize the triggers that occur before the onset of the manic or depressive episodes Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Family oriented therapy to develop interpersonal skills and prevent relapses.
5001 people found this helpful

Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!

Dr. Hritu Singh 89% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with personality/dissociative disorders. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely up, elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, down, or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes. Bipolar I Disorder defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible. Bipolar II Disorder defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia) defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above. The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression. Mania- Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode. The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways. Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'. If you become manic, you may notice that you are: Emotional: very happy and excited irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook feeling more important than usual. Thinking: full of new and exciting ideas moving quickly from one idea to another hearing voices that other people can't hear. Physical: full of energy unable or unwilling to sleep more interested in sex. Behaviour: making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic very active, moving around very quickly behaving unusually talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences recklessly spending your money over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people less inhibited in general. If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues and with other people's feelings. Depression- The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes: Emotional: feelings of unhappiness that don't go away feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason losing interest in things being unable to enjoy things feeling restless and agitated losing self-confidence feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless feeling more irritable than usual thinking of suicide. Thinking: can t think positively or hopefully finding it hard to make even simple decisions difficulty in concentrating. Physical: losing appetite and weight difficulty in getting to sleep waking earlier than usual feeling utterly tired constipation going off sex. Behaviour: difficulty in starting or completing things even everyday chores crying a lot or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to avoiding contact with other people. Causes: Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters . Treatment Methods: Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic). Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications.
2666 people found this helpful

Know More About Bipolar Disorder

Dr. Rahul Chandhok 88% (11 ratings)
M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Play video
Symptoms and treatment of Bipolar disorder
1 person found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 29 years old. I suffer from Bipolar disorder. Is mental illness a myth. I don't feel I have any chemical imbalance problem. Rather I think it is a social problem which needs to be treated with psychotherapy.

Dr. Ajay Sharma 87% (18 ratings)
Psychologist, Indore
Good if you feel no chemical imbalance, and plan to psychotherapy ,start psychotherapy and plan for sessions with qualified clinical psychologist.

Rexipra can be administered in bipolar disorder or what antidepressants should I take with lithium.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Rexipra 10 mg Tablet is used in the treatment of depression, anxiety disorder, phobia, post traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. You can take it with Lithium

Health Quizzes

Learn To Deal With Bipolar Disorder!

Dr. Vaibhav Dubey 86% (18 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar disorder can be treated with medications. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
56 people took this quiz

Strange Facts About Borderline Personality Disorder!

Ms. Sukanya Biswas 90% (122 ratings)
Masters in Clinical Psychology & Certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Practioner, Certified Neuro linguistic programming Practioner, Masters in Clinical Psychology, Post Graduate Diploma in Child and ADolescent Counselling
Psychologist, Pune
Borderline Personality Disorder is quite common and tends to affect a significant number of people. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
Start Quiz
2874 people took this quiz

Popular Health Packages

180 Days validity  •  Medicines included
120 Days validity  •  Medicines included
360 Days validity  •  Medicines included
90 Days validity  •  Medicines included
30 Days validity  •  Medicines included
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice