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Schizophrenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Schizophrenia is a mental disease that generally appears in a person in early childhood or late adolescence. This mental disorder is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and several other cognitive impairments. Schizophrenia can be a lifelong struggle for people affected with this disease. People suffering from this mental disorder may hear sounds and voices that are not there in reality. Some patients suffering from schizophrenia can feel and even convince themselves that others are reading their minds, plotting against them or controlling how they are thinking.

Schizophrenic patients often remain withdrawn and feel distressed or even act fanatically at times.

People living with schizophrenic patients often find hard to understand what the patient is talking about. In certain instances schizophrenic patient’s remains completely still, without taking for days. On other occasions, schizophrenic patients, when they seem to feel fine, may start explaining what they are truly thinking about. It is a very true fact that the effects of this mental disease reach far beyond the patients themselves. It also affects their friends, families and the society. A sizable proportion of schizophrenic patients have to rely on others for their daily sustenance, since they often become unable to hold any job or take care of themselves. Many schizophrenia patients also resist their treatments as they feel that they are normal, and there is nothing wrong with them.

However, with proper treatments schizophrenic patients can also lead a productive life. But they are very few, since most of the schizophrenic patients have to cope with their symptoms throughout their lives. In many cases this mental disorder develops so slowly that the patient doesn’t even get the chance to know it, that they are schizophrenic for many years. Nevertheless, there are also many sufferers of this illness where they have schizophrenic all of a sudden. This disease affects approximately 1% of the global population. Experts on this disease say that this mental malady is probably several illnesses masquerading as one. Many others also say that schizophrenia may be the result of impaired neuronal development in the fetus’ brain, which later on in their lives emerges as full blown illness.

There are several evidences that suggests that environmental factors and genetic factors both acts together in bringing about this tragic and interminable disease. Which means, that the condition has and congenital inherited element, but it is also significantly triggered by environmental factors upon the patient. People who have no history of schizophrenia in their family, have less than 1% chance of getting affected by this illness, compared to people with a history of schizophrenia among their patients, where the risk is as high as 10%.

Some of the experts on this disease suggest that imbalance of a neurotransmitter known as dopamine, is involved in the onset of this mental disease. However, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin can also be involved in heralding this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Having delusions of persecution or delusions of grandeur, where the patients feel that have extraordinary powers and gifts. Wide range of hallucination, such as hearing voices, smelling things that do no exists. Though disorder, where the patient may jump from one subject to another for no logical cause. Being unaware of the illness, or fear that the medications may poison them. Poor or inappropriate expressions of emotions. Inability to concentrate, plan ahead or remember things and organize their lives.

Popular Health Tips

Paranoid Personality Disorder - Know The Signs!

Dr. Asif Iqbal Ahmed 87% (15 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Paranoid Personality Disorder - Know The Signs!
There are a number of mental disorders and conditions that may affect the psyche of a person, due to various reasons including hormonal changes, environmental factors and even genetic conditions. Paranoid Personality Disorder is one such condition that gives rise to eccentric behavioral patterns. This may make the individual seem odd or even strange to others. Here are the signs, causes and various forms of treatment available for this condition. Symptoms and Signs: Most of the individuals suffering from this disorder will be completely convinced that there is nothing wrong with their behavior and everyone around them are conniving against them with ulterior motives of bringing them down. This will make them highly suspicious individuals with intense trust issues. They also become angry and violent very soon and usually do not have a justified reason for such temper tantrums. These individuals will also be detached and isolated socially, with hardly any friends and relationships. They will also have trouble seeing their own problems and flaws, which can keep them from having meaningful relationships. Causes: The causes of this disorder are not known as yet. There is much ongoing research in this field. It is widely believed that this disorder is born due to a combination of biological factors and other environmental factors that may have conditioned the brain in a negative manner. Chemical and hormonal imbalances are known to be at the core of many such disorders. Also, it may be seen in people who come from a family of Schizophrenic individuals. Trauma experienced during one's childhood can also lead to the onset of this disorder. Treatment: One of the most effective forms of treatment for this disorder includes therapy. Talk therapy or CBT which is also known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of discussion based therapy that can help the individual in talking about his or her feelings. These are then analysed in a clinical setting with the intervention of a trained psychiatrist or psychologist who will help the individual in pointing out abnormal behavior. This kind of therapy also helps in reaching the root cause of the issue that may have caused this condition in the first place. By doing so, there is a better chance of treating this cause and thus changing the attitude of the patient. This will help in steering the individual towards more normal behavior in the long run. This kind of therapy will have to take place over a long period of time before the results begin to show up in the day to day living and functioning of the individual. Anti-depressants and antipsychotics may also be prescribed.

Know More About Schizophrenia

Dr. Rahul Chandhok 88% (11 ratings)
M.D Psychiatry , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
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Symptoms and Treatment of Schizophrenia

Types, Causes and Symptoms of Schizophrenia

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chandigarh
Types, Causes and Symptoms of Schizophrenia
What is Schizophrenia? We all know it as a debilitating mental illness that plagues people across the globe. Schizophrenic patients often feel like they are being overtaken by situations and events that are beyond their control. They may complain of seeing people who are not there or hearing voices where there are none. This happens because the neurotransmitters in the brain of the patient do not function appropriately. There are various types, causes and symptoms of this disease. Read up to know more. Symptoms: Psychotic symptoms like delusion are common in patients suffering from this disease. Also, the patient may be severely blunted in the emotional sense and may bear a lost look and wear a feeling of loss or absence at all times. The thought process or cognition of the patient may also suffer in such cases. Poor concentration and lack of coordination are some symptoms of this kind of suffering. Hallucinations and distorted thought processes also characterise the patient to a great extent. The patient may also display certain typical symptoms like social withdrawal, extreme apathy, and lack of motivation. The patient will also be in an emotionally numb state once the delusions have lessened. Causes: So what causes Schizophrenia, really? While no tests or conclusive examinations exist to pin point the exact diagnosis or cause of the disease, there are many factors that can contribute to the development and progression of the same. Hereditary factors play up in many cases while chemical imbalances in the brain also lead to this condition. The serotonin levels and the functioning of the neurotransmitters are the most significant causes of this disease, in such cases. Excessive abuse of drugs like LSD and cannabis can also contribute to this condition, while family relations and a dysfunctional environment can also lead to this disease. Types: There are many different kinds of Schizophrenia. One of them is Paranoid Schizophrenia, which makes the patient highly suspicious. Disorganised Schizophrenia can lead to incoherence in speech and thought. Catatonic Schizophrenia can cause social withdrawal while Residual Schizophrenia can lead to a complete lack of motivation. Finally, Schizoaffective Disorder can lead to major mood swings. The various kinds of Schizophrenia are characterised by varying degrees of mood swings, depression, paranoia and delusional thinking. The progression of the disease can be checked with the help of cognitive behavioural therapy, which can help in reprogramming the brain of the patient to a great degree. Rehabilitation programs as well as case management can help in the long run. But the key here is to recognise the symptoms early on and get the treatment or counselling started to reduce the symptoms and their spread.
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Paranoid Personality Disorder - 12 Signs A Person Is Suffering From It!

Dr. Niraj Singh Yadav 87% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Allahabad
The mind is a very intricate organ and controls the entire body functioning with great precision. Any small change in its wiring would mean changes in the way a person functions, including changes of emotions and feelings. There is a group of personality disorders known as cluster A personality disorders. One of the most common forms in this is a paranoid personality disorder, also known as PPD. The onset of the problem is in early adulthood and men are more likely to have this condition as compared to females. People with paranoid personality disorder are very odd or have eccentric ways of thinking. The most common way of thinking is suspicion with no reason to do so. Symptoms: They are always on watch or guard and believe that others are out to harm or demean them. Their belief and distrust are often unfounded, and they find it very difficult to form close relationships, either at work or at home. There is always a doubt in terms of other people s commitment and trust, and believe that others are out to use them and often end up deceiving them Find it very difficult to confide in people, and think the information they tell others may be used against them. They are always known to hold grudges from past experiences and find it very difficult to forgive others They are not open to criticism and are extremely sensitive to what others think of them or tell them Try to read between the lines and interpret more than the obvious They are very quick to retaliate and think others are constantly attacking what they say and/or do There is a constant thread of suspicion especially of their spouses or partners, which would be completely unfounded, and add unwanted strain on the relationships Refrain from forming close relationships and keep some distance even in close relationships. They are generally cold and can be jealous and controlling of their near and dear ones Firmly believe that their thoughts and words and actions are always right and do not believe in conflict resolution. They are usually argumentative, hostile, and stubborn They always present as tense and cannot relax very easily Causes: There is usually a past history of emotional or physical abuse, which is unresolved, leading to these symptoms. Hypnosis, which is often used to diagnose the condition, is very helpful in identifying the cause. Diagnosis: There are specific assessment tools and questionnaires which are useful in confirming the diagnosis. Management: Psychotherapy where the person is taught to manage the above feelings and taught to communicate and cope with others. This is often combined with antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and antipsychotics.
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Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!
Schizophrenia affects over 1% of the world s population and affects the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. In most cases, it is diagnosed when a person is between the ages of 16 to 25. This condition can be hereditary and is said to affect men more often than women. Schizophrenia is characterized by an inability to distinguish between real and imaginary which can lead to delusions, social withdrawal, hallucinations and other forms of social and occupational dysfunction. Schizophrenia affects different people in different ways. On the basis of the type of symptoms exhibited, this disease has been categorized into 5 sub types. These are: PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA: This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that may make the person exhibit paranoid behaviour. These people often feel like they are being watched or followed and may have delusions of grandeur. They may also get angry quickly on minor issues and show signs of anxiety and hostility. DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA: In such cases, the person may behave in ways that are difficult to understand or speak in broken sentences and have difficulty structuring a sentence. They may also display inappropriate behaviour and react in ways not suitable to the occasion. People suffering from disorganized schizophrenia may also neglect their personal hygiene. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from catatonic schizophrenia may swing between immobility and periods of rapid movement. They may stay quiet for hours or talk rapidly repeating everything they hear. These people have a high risk of harming themselves as they are usually unable to look after themselves and complete daily activities. UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from this type of schizophrenia exhibit behaviour that fits into more than one type of schizophrenia. From time to time they may have hallucinations, suffer from delusions or display catatonic behaviour and disorganized behaviour or speech. RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA: Even though a person may not be currently showcasing any signs of schizophrenia, they are said to have residual schizophrenia. Such people need to have had at least one schizophrenic episode. These people may exhibit symptoms later or be in complete remission. With schizophrenia, an early diagnosis can make treatment easier and hence if you notice anyone exhibiting signs of schizophrenia, you must advise them to seek medical help immediately. Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Agents Commonly prescribed typical antipsychotics include: Haldol (haloperidol) Loxitane (loxapine) Mellaril (thioridazine) Moban (molindone) Navane (thiothixene) Prolixin (fluphenazine) Serentil (mesoridazine) Stelazine (trifluoperazine) Trilafon (perphenazine) Thorazine (chlorpromazine) Commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotics include: Abilify (aripiprazole) Clozaril (clozapine) Geodon (ziprasidone) Risperdal (risperidone) Seroquel (quetiapine) Zyprexa (olanzapine) Most psychotropic medications produce the best results when paired with some type of psychotherapy. Medication can be of great service in helping a person treat and overcome debilitating symptoms, but pills by themselves cannot address behaviors, emotions, and root causes of mental health issues. If you are prescribed an antipsychotic medication, please consider finding a therapist you trust to help you learn more about what you are experiencing and to help you develop coping strategies to improve the quality of your life. Schizophrenia cannot be cured but it can be managed with a combination of typical or atypical medication and cognitive therapy. The latter can be in the form of self-help groups, housing and employment programs, counselling and therapy.
4152 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from schizophrenia please give me valuable advice that help me from preventing this disease.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Steps to Lower Your Risk for Schizophrenia Don't use street drugs, and moderate any use of alcohol Make an ongoing effort to develop your social skills as much as you can Avoid social isolation Make an ongoing effort to maintain friendships with adults Make an extra effort to learn positive perspectives on the world Make extra effort to learn how to deal with stress and anxiety Seek Help from Qualified Psychologists and Psychiatrists if you have problems coping

Hi, Please suggest Does the depression & schizophrenia treatment is tricky if single & combination medication fails.

Dr. Sushil Kumar S V 94% (2010 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
There are very many medications to help with both those conditions and you will do well to consult a psychiatrist for the same. If one or two medications have not worked there are many medications that can usually do the trick and you will find relief with maybe a combination of medications. Although you need to consult a psychiatrist in person, if it is not feasible on your end, you would certainly do well with consulting one online. Look forward to hearing from you. If you need help with booking an appointment online with me on this website either text, audio or video appointment for a confidential and private consultation you may do so by contacting the help desk of Lybrate.

My father has Schizophrenia since 1996. He was taking emelzine plus but after non availability of this drug he started taking trinicalm plus. And my father does not know that he is taking it for mental disorder, as he is also a heart patient, he thinks that trinicalm plus is a heart disease medicine. And as he is totally normal now, we do not want to take him to the psychiatrist. So my question is, is trinicalm plus is safe if it is used for life long?

Dr. Sushil Kumar S V 94% (2010 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Good ​afternoon, Although there is no simple answer to your question, weighing the benefits that are way more than the long-term​ side effects of the medication, it might be best for your father to be on the medication rather than go off of it. Look forward to hearing from you. If you need help with booking an appointment online with me on this website either text, audio or video appointment for a confidential and private consultation you may do so by contacting the help desk of Lybrate.
1 person found this helpful

Hi, my husband has been prescribed prodep 100 and sulpitac 100 and he is not feeling why he is taking this medicine. Please let me know through what he is going so that I can help. I have heard some wired things like being followed, someone plotting things against him, someone seeing him from door, even he gets aggressive and hits me. Please let me know what is this.

Dr. Saul Pereira 93% (40121 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Yes, it is a very complex disease and needs a lot of support. You cannot treat him but he needs this medication and needs to also have counseling from a therapist. At home you must be careful not to increase his suspicion in any manner. He must also be always occupied but not busy. If he is going to work let him continue but he must not be under undue pressure. If you want to really help, you can consult with his counselor when he starts therapy and get specific guidance as to how to be involved and helpful.
7 people found this helpful

Patient is 81 year old. Is being prescribed olimelt 2. 5 twice a day. But he is sleeping all the time. Can we reduce the dosage and give only at night I. E one time only.

Dr. Saranya Devanathan 91% (1480 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, You should send the details of his symptoms and diagnosis for which he was prescribed olimelt. Of course olimelt is sedating. You can reduce and even stop olimelt, provided it is not given for any psychotic symptoms.
1 person found this helpful

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Living With Schizophrenia

Dr. Anuj Khandelwal 90% (145 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
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Genetics strongly determine whether you will have schizophrenia or not. True or false? Take this quiz to know now.
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