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Schizophrenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Schizophrenia is a mental disease that generally appears in a person in early childhood or late adolescence. This mental disorder is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and several other cognitive impairments. Schizophrenia can be a lifelong struggle for people affected with this disease. People suffering from this mental disorder may hear sounds and voices that are not there in reality. Some patients suffering from schizophrenia can feel and even convince themselves that others are reading their minds, plotting against them or controlling how they are thinking.

Schizophrenic patients often remain withdrawn and feel distressed or even act fanatically at times.

People living with schizophrenic patients often find hard to understand what the patient is talking about. In certain instances schizophrenic patient’s remains completely still, without taking for days. On other occasions, schizophrenic patients, when they seem to feel fine, may start explaining what they are truly thinking about. It is a very true fact that the effects of this mental disease reach far beyond the patients themselves. It also affects their friends, families and the society. A sizable proportion of schizophrenic patients have to rely on others for their daily sustenance, since they often become unable to hold any job or take care of themselves. Many schizophrenia patients also resist their treatments as they feel that they are normal, and there is nothing wrong with them.

However, with proper treatments schizophrenic patients can also lead a productive life. But they are very few, since most of the schizophrenic patients have to cope with their symptoms throughout their lives. In many cases this mental disorder develops so slowly that the patient doesn’t even get the chance to know it, that they are schizophrenic for many years. Nevertheless, there are also many sufferers of this illness where they have schizophrenic all of a sudden. This disease affects approximately 1% of the global population. Experts on this disease say that this mental malady is probably several illnesses masquerading as one. Many others also say that schizophrenia may be the result of impaired neuronal development in the fetus’ brain, which later on in their lives emerges as full blown illness.

There are several evidences that suggests that environmental factors and genetic factors both acts together in bringing about this tragic and interminable disease. Which means, that the condition has and congenital inherited element, but it is also significantly triggered by environmental factors upon the patient. People who have no history of schizophrenia in their family, have less than 1% chance of getting affected by this illness, compared to people with a history of schizophrenia among their patients, where the risk is as high as 10%.

Some of the experts on this disease suggest that imbalance of a neurotransmitter known as dopamine, is involved in the onset of this mental disease. However, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin can also be involved in heralding this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Having delusions of persecution or delusions of grandeur, where the patients feel that have extraordinary powers and gifts. Wide range of hallucination, such as hearing voices, smelling things that do no exists. Though disorder, where the patient may jump from one subject to another for no logical cause. Being unaware of the illness, or fear that the medications may poison them. Poor or inappropriate expressions of emotions. Inability to concentrate, plan ahead or remember things and organize their lives.

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Paranoid Personality Disorder - Know More About It!

Dr. Meena Gnanasekharan 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Fellowship in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Paranoid Personality Disorder - Know More About It!
Paranoid personality disorder (ppd) is a mental disorder which makes you feel fearful, nervous and suspicious about people or situations around. This disease usually starts to show its signs from early adulthood and is more common in men than women. People suffering from this disorder are unable to maintain close and long lasting relationships with people as they have the habit of blaming and not trusting other people. The most common symptoms of this disorder are: Doubting the loyalty of others Fear of revealing their own personal information A tendency of holding long lasting grudges Inability to handle criticisms Abrupt instances of anger and instant reaction Showing traits of coldness in a relationship Having a feeling of always being right Having problems in relaxing Being stubborn, argumentative and hostile Causes: the exact cause behind pdd is still unknown, but according to some medical researchers it happens due to a combination of biological and psychological conditions. Additionally, bad emotional experiences during childhood and having gone through a physical or mental trauma also leads to the development of the disease. Diagnosis: this condition cannot be diagnosed at home and is usually diagnosed by a specialist. The first step taken by a doctor in order to diagnose the disorder is an examination of the medical and psychiatric history of the person. Additionally, if the health records of a person do not indicate anything, then the doctors usually go for some expert opinions by a psychiatrist. Treatment: ;most of the people suffering from this disease are not even aware about it, until someone brings it to their notice. Doctors usually believe that psychotherapy, which is a form of counseling, is the best way to treat pdd.
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Schizophrenia - Common Problems Faced By A Person Suffering From It!

MS - Psychotherapy & Counselling
Psychologist, Chennai
Schizophrenia - Common Problems Faced By A Person Suffering From It!
Schizophrenia is a very serious psychological disorder which influences how a person feels, thinks, acts and reacts. A patient suffering from schizophrenia may experience issues recognising what is real and what is nonexistent; might be lethargic or unresponsive, and may experience issues communicating ordinary feelings in social situations. The reason for schizophrenia is still hazy. A few theories and speculations about the reason for this disorder include genes (hereditary qualities), biology of the body (the unevenness in the brain s functioning); or persistent viral infections and immune disorders. Some of the problems faced by schizophrenics are as follows: Delusions: People may feel that somebody is keeping an eye on him or her, or that they are somebody well known and famous. Development and movement problems: These include behaving in a strange manner, pacing around, posturing or shaking forward and backwards for no reason. Thought issue: Jumping from one topic to another in an unreasonable manner is also one of the symptoms or challenges of this condition. People may make up their own particular words or sounds. Hallucinating: Seeing, smelling, tasting, hearing or feeling something that does not generally exist. The most widely recognised symptom is listening to nonexistent voices that give orders or commands to the patients. Absence of feelings and emotions: An irregular feeling or expression may be experienced. For instance, crying at a joke when a typical reaction would be to laugh at it. Despite these, some of the other very common problems faced by schizophrenic patients are as follows: Social withdrawal from family and friends Problems affecting in the ordinary exercises of life, for example, at work or school Poor hygiene and lack of cleanliness Mental shock Loss of proper sentence formation Issues deciding Overlooking or losing things Issues understanding ordinary sights, sounds, and sentiments. Moving rapidly starting with one thought then onto the next. Pacing and strolling in circles Unreasonable written work, yet without any meaning. A person with schizophrenia is twice as likely to end up diabetic or experience the ill effects of the chronic obstructive pneumonia disease (COPD) than the general population. Individuals with schizophrenia regularly commit the normal error of attempting to overlook the sickness thinking that it does not exist. Schizophrenia has crushed a considerable amount of lives throughout the years. The indications of schizophrenia can be exceptionally scary and unnerving. There are different treatment techniques that one can access to improve the lives of the people who experience the ill effects of schizophrenia. Treatment of schizophrenia has, however essentially enhanced throughout the years, and there is no motivation to trust that it will not keep on doing so. In case that you or someone close to you has schizophrenia, look for treatment in light of the fact that your odds of recovery are good and your odds of change are great.

Conversion Disorder - Know More About It!

Dr. Sunil Kumar 88% (23 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, MA - Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Conversion Disorder - Know More About It!
Do you know about Conversion Disorder? Conversion disorder is a psychological disorder in which psychological conflicts get converted into physical symptoms. The disease is also referred to as a functional neurological symptom disorder. In most cases, this disorder has an impact on your ability to move, your senses, vision, hearing capacity and ability to swallow. Causative factors The main cause behind the onset of a conversion disorder is generally a sudden traumatic event (real or imagined). This may also happen due to an emotional conflict or any other mental health disorder, which directly or indirectly affects your brain in an undesirable manner. Though the exact factors which cause the disease are still unknown, it has been proved by medical researchers that the disorder affects that part of the brain which controls the majority of the senses, muscles, and nerves. Identification signs The symptoms of this condition may usually appear immediately after a traumatic event, be it physical or psychological. Some of the most common symptoms of this disorder are listed below. Weakness or paralysis of a body part Loss of body balance Moments of unresponsiveness Abnormal, sudden and abrupt body movements such as tremors Swallowing problems such as lump in the throat Some of the symptoms of this disorder might also affect the sensory organs, which include: Abnormal numbness of the body Speech related problems or inability to speak (psychological mutism) Vision related problems such as psychological blindness Hearing problems and difficulties
2589 people found this helpful

Hallucination - 5 Common Types!

Dr. B.K. (Simmi) Waraich 92% (33 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Chandigarh
Hallucination - 5 Common Types!
Do you think hallucination involves only seeing things which are not real? There is much more to it actually and you may even smell or touch something, which does not exist. Hallucinations occur from various causes, primarily because of mental illnesses and nervous system disorders in your body. It is important for you to know about the different types of hallucinations, which are commonly experienced, along with their causes. Types of hallucinations Hearing voices: This is known as auditory hallucinations in which you hear sounds and voices coming from within your mind or from outside. These voices might talk to each other as if they are trying to tell you something. Seeing things: This is called visual hallucination in which you see things, which actually do not exist. You might observe snakes crawling on your hands, but it is unreal. You can also see flashes of lights, and spots or shapes of bright colors. Smelling things: This type of hallucination is called olfactory hallucination in which you might sense a certain odor coming from your body, or from your surroundings. Tasting things: Known as gustatory hallucinations, you might find an odd or weird taste in something you are eating or drinking. Feeling things: This phenomenon is called tactile hallucination. You may feel that you are being tickled, or poked in spite of no one being around you. You might also feel that insects or snakes are crawling under your skin. Feeling a blast of hot air on the face is also likely. Causes of hallucinations Schizophrenia accounts for being the primary cause of hallucinations and above 70% of the patients with this condition suffer from visual hallucinations, while others hear voices. Parkinson s disease is another disease, which causes visual hallucinations in patients. Alzheimer s disease and certain other types of dementia also account for causing hallucinations because of changes in the brain. People suffering from migraines may experience a form of visual hallucination known as aura. It resembles a crescent of multicolored light. Brain tumor causes hallucinations based on its exact location. In case of brain tumor in an area which controls vision, visual hallucinations are indicated. Smell and taste hallucinations are also likely. The condition called Charles Bonnet syndrome causes visual hallucinations in patients with cataract, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Patients suffering from epilepsy are also prone to hallucinations. Different types of hallucinations are likely along with seizures, which are a common part of the condition. The exact type of hallucination caused depends on the part of your brain, which is affected by seizures.
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Myths Related To Psychiatry And Psychiatric Medicines

Dr. Manish Jain 90% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Myths Related To Psychiatry And Psychiatric Medicines
The mental health of a person can be regulated with the help of self-awareness and a conscious attitude in many cases. Yet, in most cases, one will have to resort to the use of psychiatric help which may include the use of therapy and medication. There are many kinds of conditions that may go out of hand and affect our day to day functioning. These include conditions like depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and many more. Yet, there is a certain amount of stigma and many myths attached to the field of psychiatry and its medication. Here are a few myths that we have tackled. Psychiatric Medicines can be Addictive: This is a major myth that may people have. It is not true that once you start taking psychiatric medication, you will have to take them for life. In fact, for medicines like anti depressants, most clinicians make it a rule to administer the drugs for only a limited period of time, so that the person does not get dependent on the medication in order to run his or her life in a normal manner. Like there is a time defined period for treatment like ATT ( for tuberculosis) likewise there is a time duration of treatment with antidepressants which a patient should discuss with their psychiatrist. Further, the prescription of such medication is more often than not, backed with proper therapy which happens before and after the medication is taken. This helps in ensuring that the patient is weaned off accordingly with the help of positive discussions and evaluations. Antidepressants can make us Happy: This is another major myth that many people have. The fact is that the antidepressants do not have any euphoria creating properties which recreations drugs may have. These are medicines that have an affect on the production of the specific hormones that may be creating problems in the life of the patient. Therefore, one should not expect to feel happy as soon as the antidepressant is taken with some water. A happier self can only come from within and with outside help like therapy in case the patient is in a constant state of despair. The medication will simply help in suppressing and increasing the production of the necessary hormones in the brain, which will restore the correct chemical balance. A person who takes these kinds of medicines without actually suffering from depression may face side effects like feeling off balance and sick. Psyhiatric drugs will change your personality: Any medication out there can cause negative effects for a patient if taken too long or given the wrong dosage. You have to discuss any treatment related side effects with your doctor and he will have a solution for it. The way we see it, is this; if someone with depression overcomes it through their medication, their personality will be changed, yes they will be free from negative thoughts, anti-social behavior, and feelings of defeat, which is a definite change in personality a positive change. The same can be said for an illness like Schizophrenia, with the right treatment plan, their minds will become less consumed by hallucinations, delusions, and irrational anxieties another healthy and positive personality change.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hello. I'm schizoaffective. I feel disconnected with my family. I feel as if nothing in front f me is real. Like how my mother and dad use t be. I feel I'm not loved. I'm awaz harassed .is it a delusion.

Ms. Sunita Panday 93% (220 ratings)
M. S. in Psychotherapy and Counselling
Psychologist, Jaipur
Hi lybrate-user, whatever you are feeling which is disturbing you may be because of schizoaffective disorder. I appreciate that you have realization regarding your illness. Realization helps immensely in overcoming the disorder. I would suggest you to take proper medicines regularly for it and take proper psychotherapy side by side. Also regularize your daily routine by having proper diet, exercise and sleep. If you need further help you may contact me here on Lybrate.

Hello. I have schizo affective. I feel and see myself as very ugly. Is it a part of my illness? Some kind delusion or hallucination.

Dr. Saul Pereira 92% (37264 ratings)
Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Yes, it can be a part of the disease. There will be a very distorted self-perception and is connected to the disease especially if you suffer from the fear of rejection. Schizoaffective disorder is a very complex and difficult disease to treat, even with medication, which I presume you are on. All psychotropic medicines have side-effects: that is inescapable. But I suspect that you are depending entirely on medication when in reality you need to combine it with counseling or therapy. In therapy you will learn a lot of coping mechanisms and techniques to remain functional and lead a close-to-normal life. You will also learn about emotions and how they can impact your condition adversely. Expressing emotions in an appropriate manner will equip you for life. Talking and sharing about the many disturbing thoughts and learning to understand yourself and moderate your responses will go a long way towards normalizing and training your mind. Exercise must be a regular part of your life for various reasons. Put yourself on a productive and strict schedule. The idle mind is the devil's workshop for sure, and more so for a schizoid.
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. My daughter suffering from schizophrenia for the past twenty years psychiatric treatment was given she is still under medication only. functional, auditory hallucinations. But she can resist it when an emergency situation arises. Can she be married off. Though she resists the Idea what will happen to her. Is there any other treatment.

Ms. Hemal Sanjay Kunte 92% (1157 ratings)
M.S. Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychologist, Bangalore
Dear Lybrate User, Schizophrenia is not curable. It can be managed with medicines and psychotherapy. Please check with your Psychiatrist and start Counselling/Psychotherapy for her. I understand that, as a mother you are very worried about your daughter and at your age you want someone, who would look after her, for the rest of her life. You need to see, if she would be able to be a good life partner to someone. Marrying her off, would not solve her problems. There are a few institutions which may help you in this situation. Please talk to the Psychiatrist about this. Since the Psychiatrist is treating your daughter for last 20 years, he/she will be able to find a good institution for you which will suit your needs. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

Sir / Ma'am, I always feel like my nerves are shaking mildly. I feel like shivering, nervous sweats. I feel nervous and inferior to others. I feel uncomfortable around others. This is a sign of social anxiety, I think. My father is suffering from schizophrenia. For the whole life he suffered. I am scared of the genetic impact of mental disorders. I do not want to depend on medicines for this. I am a sensitive girl. I start shaking when I become angry. Please help me I cannot afford any therapy. Is this condition curable. Is it the chemical imbalance ?Is it remains for whole life. Are hypnosis and meditations audios and videos going to help with this? Please advice me natural ways to come out of this.

Dr. Meeta Sharma 95% (74 ratings)
M.Sc- psychology, Masters in Clinical Psychology, M.Sc Counselling Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user, it does seem like social anxiety, the root cause can be an incident in your childhood. Shaking is common when angry, it could also be what we call pent up emotions being realeased. Pls try deep breathing and meditation, a lot many videos are available on YouTube for the same. You can also try Bach flower remedies. I would advise counselling. This is not a mental disorder and a family history of mental illness does not guarantee predisposition to one. Let me know if there is anything else I can do to help.
1 person found this helpful

I am consulting a psychiatrist, I only had/have attitude problem to not to go to a job and was adjudged with Schizophrenia, given long term medication. But I don't have hallucination. I strongly feel I am judged wrongly with hallucination/schizophrenia. Can I go for another opinion?

Ms. M Sri Vidhya Venkatesan 91% (401 ratings)
MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy, Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology, Bachelor of Arts - Psychology and English Literature
Psychologist, Coimbatore
Hi lybrate-user! If you definitely have some doubt regarding the diagnosis that has been wrongly termed to you definitely you can go for second opinion. Stop taking medication until this has been diagnosed correctly. If you can you can definitely consult a Professional Psychologist or a Psychaitrist or a Counsellor at your locality or online. If you are interested you can contact me either through text chat or online consultation yes you are most welcome. Take care. Always for serious issues like this definitely take second opinion and then decide about undergoing treatment or medication. With regards,
1 person found this helpful

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Dr. Anuj Khandelwal 91% (136 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Sexologist, Mumbai
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Dr. Yuvraj Arora 90% (1206 ratings)
MD-Pharmacology, MBBS
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