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Overview

Schizophrenia - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Schizophrenia is a mental disease that generally appears in a person in early childhood or late adolescence. This mental disorder is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and several other cognitive impairments. Schizophrenia can be a lifelong struggle for people affected with this disease. People suffering from this mental disorder may hear sounds and voices that are not there in reality. Some patients suffering from schizophrenia can feel and even convince themselves that others are reading their minds, plotting against them or controlling how they are thinking.

Schizophrenic patients often remain withdrawn and feel distressed or even act fanatically at times.

People living with schizophrenic patients often find hard to understand what the patient is talking about. In certain instances schizophrenic patient’s remains completely still, without taking for days. On other occasions, schizophrenic patients, when they seem to feel fine, may start explaining what they are truly thinking about. It is a very true fact that the effects of this mental disease reach far beyond the patients themselves. It also affects their friends, families and the society. A sizable proportion of schizophrenic patients have to rely on others for their daily sustenance, since they often become unable to hold any job or take care of themselves. Many schizophrenia patients also resist their treatments as they feel that they are normal, and there is nothing wrong with them.

However, with proper treatments schizophrenic patients can also lead a productive life. But they are very few, since most of the schizophrenic patients have to cope with their symptoms throughout their lives. In many cases this mental disorder develops so slowly that the patient doesn’t even get the chance to know it, that they are schizophrenic for many years. Nevertheless, there are also many sufferers of this illness where they have schizophrenic all of a sudden. This disease affects approximately 1% of the global population. Experts on this disease say that this mental malady is probably several illnesses masquerading as one. Many others also say that schizophrenia may be the result of impaired neuronal development in the fetus’ brain, which later on in their lives emerges as full blown illness.

There are several evidences that suggests that environmental factors and genetic factors both acts together in bringing about this tragic and interminable disease. Which means, that the condition has and congenital inherited element, but it is also significantly triggered by environmental factors upon the patient. People who have no history of schizophrenia in their family, have less than 1% chance of getting affected by this illness, compared to people with a history of schizophrenia among their patients, where the risk is as high as 10%.

Some of the experts on this disease suggest that imbalance of a neurotransmitter known as dopamine, is involved in the onset of this mental disease. However, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin can also be involved in heralding this disease.

Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test sometimes required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Symptoms
Having delusions of persecution or delusions of grandeur, where the patients feel that have extraordinary powers and gifts. Wide range of hallucination, such as hearing voices, smelling things that do no exists. Though disorder, where the patient may jump from one subject to another for no logical cause. Being unaware of the illness, or fear that the medications may poison them. Poor or inappropriate expressions of emotions. Inability to concentrate, plan ahead or remember things and organize their lives.

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MBBS
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Taking the healthcare industry with a storm, fda has finally approved the first drug with a digital ingestion tracking system in us. Abilify mycite (launched by otsuka pharmaceutical co ltd.) is the first drug which has an embedded sensor that will record when the medication was ingested. ; The pill has only been approved for the treatment of patients suffering from schizophrenia, manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar type 1 disorder and as an add on treatment for depression in adults. However, this drug is not approved for patients who are treated for dementia-related psychosis with antipsychotic drugs as they are at an increased risk of death.
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Hallucinations - Who Is Likely To Suffer From Them?

Dr. Niraj Singh Yadav 87% (11 ratings)
MBBS, MD-Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Allahabad
Hallucinations - Who Is Likely To Suffer From Them?
Be it sound or smell, vision or touch or taste, our senses help us experience the world around us. The brain always responds when there is a stimulus. So, we see an object, hear a sound, feel something, etc. When there is no stimulus, but there is still a response, it is hallucinations. This sense of something which is not real is by definition hallucinations. This could be related to past experiences or our deep inner feelings and is much more common than we think. Causes: Most psychiatry disorders including schizophrenia, Parkinson s disease, and other forms of dementia start off as hallucinations. Migraines usually are accompanied by visual aura. Brain tumors can cause different types of hallucinations depending on where it is located and the corresponding area it is affecting. Epilepsy also depends on the type of seizure, different hallucinations would be seen. Types: Visual: Seeing things which are not there, for instance, flashes of light, insects crawling on self or another person, someone standing where no one is there, etc. Auditory: The affected individual could hear voices coming from inside himself or from outside. These voices could be giving instructions to the person, calling out to him/her, or be talking to each other. Olfactory: Again, these imaginary smells could be coming from within the person or from an external source. Tactile: The affected person could feel a rush of hot air being blown, feeling of insects crawling on the body, feeling of being tickled, etc. Gustatory (taste): When something is eaten, it could taste like something completely different, which is very odd. This could be related to some past experience in some people. Hallucinations are initial symptoms of the onset of psychiatric disorders. In fact, most of these are insidious in onset, where it cannot be exactly identified when the disease began. Therefore, if a person has hallucinations for prolonged periods, and if they are progressing, it is best to get more testing done. Other symptoms include: Confused thoughts Disorganized speech Incoherently speech Reduced social interactions Who is likely to experience hallucinations? A person who gets very anxious, even about small things, a fear of losing touch with reality People with migraine headaches. These suffer visual hallucinations very commonly and may also have auditory hallucinations. Children who are having a fever. They might see or hear something which is not real. People on illegal drugs like amphetamines, LSD, and Ecstacy. In fact, this is what creates addiction. Sudden withdrawal from alcohol or drugs. It is always advisable to withdraw from illicit drugs under supervision as hallucinations are very common.
2 people found this helpful

6 Common Mental Problems Faced By Women!

Dr. Rajeev Trehan 88% (101 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chandigarh
6 Common Mental Problems Faced By Women!
The period around the age of 45 to 50 is very delicate for most women as many changes occur within the body. The changes occur due to menopause or a cessation of the menstrual cycle for a period of at least 12 months or so. Along with a host of physical changes, post-menopausal women tend to suffer from mental problems as well. Some of the factors could be physical changes such as a decline or stop in hormone productions while some of them are psychological effects as well. Some of the common mental problems faced by women are mentioned below: Depression: This is by far the most common mental disorder and affects women while they are going through the process of menopause. After a few years, post-menopausal women tend to recover from this or the symptoms at least taper off. It is estimated that almost 20% of women undergoing menopause suffer from this problem, although the risk of depression is much higher if you have prior history of it. Sleep Disorders: This can be described as not only a mental disorder that affects women but also a symptom of menopause. Sleep disorders can range anywhere between disturbed sleep, insomnia or sleep apnea (breathing difficulty while sleeping), especially in older women. Women undergoing menopause may suffer from this due to hormonal changes which result in hot flashes. These can wake you up in the middle of the night almost daily. Schizophrenia: This is a serious mental disorder and is mostly noticed in women who have a prior history of the disorder. This condition is characterized by delusions and a detachment from reality which often pushes the person to act on their inappropriate imaginations. Schizophrenia usually manifests itself in young adulthood and peaks again at the age of around 45 to 50. If you had episodes of schizophrenia in your early adulthood, then it may resurface during menopause, although most women do see a subsiding of symptoms some time after menopause has occurred. Panic Disorder: Women tend to experience this problem, during or even after menopause, as a new disorder that suddenly develops. This can be quite disruptive in your life. Also, if you have a history of this disorder, menopause may trigger it to show up again. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: This disorder is another mental health issue that can cause you to be overly obsessive, more so among menopausal women. If you already have had OCD in the past, menopause can trigger a relapse or a bad episode. Bipolar Disorder: In this case as well, menopausal women have a higher tendency for a relapse or the start of a bad episode if they already had even mild signs of it.
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Schizophrenia

Dr. Ruchi Gupta 88% (96 ratings)
M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Chandigarh
Schizophrenia can be treated with medication along with psychotherapy sessions from a proper consultant clinical psychologist.
1 person found this helpful

Ways To Treat Gender Identity Disorder!

Dr. Neha Shah 89% (10 ratings)
D.P.M, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Ways To Treat Gender Identity Disorder!
Born as a male but feel like a female OR born as a female but feel like a male. Some persons are unable to feel comfortable in the physical gender that they are born in; their mind, brain, feeling and thoughts are all of the opposite sex. This uncomfortableness in their mind about their physical gender is termed as Gender Identity Disorder. What's the cause? We do not know the exact cause of this disorder, but it is hypothesized that developmental changes in the brain and the body do not sync, and the brain/mind is left with a different gender than the body. This is mostly an unidentifiable and unpredictable change. What are the symptoms? 1. Children might express a desire to dress up as the opposite sex. 2. They might express replusion at one's own sex organs/genitals. 3. As adolescence begins, they do not develop feelings of attraction towards members of the opposite sex. Some complain of revulsion about their pubertal changes. 4. Males want to pee while sitting down, while females want to do it standing up. 5. Their behavior is often more like that of the opposite sex, e.g. boys might display feminine gestures, while girls might indulge in risk taking and reckless behavior. 6. As they become adult, a realisation that they are stuck in a body that they do not like causes depression and anxiety. Diagnosis: A diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is made based on a detailed assessment by a Psychiatrist, who is specially trained in this assessment. WPATH standards mandate that this is an ongoing assessment, and involves facilitating the process of Hormonal Treatment and eventual Sex Reassignment Surgery. The whole process can take 2-3 years. Treatment: For those who have severe GID, eventual sex reassignment surgery is the treatment and outcome. However, support of family, friends and a Good Psychiatrist can enable a smooth transition. Psychiatrists will often use antidepressants and anxiolytics to make it easier for the person to cope with societal and family pressures.
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Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am 31 years old. I started smoking cigarettes at the age of 21. Initially I used to smoke 2-4 ciggerrates (only when I drank) and drank once in a month. Then at the age of 23 I started regular smoking with 4-5 ciggerrates a day. Then I quit for 8 months. Then again started 4-5 ciggerrates a day and drinking once a week. For last 5 years I was a chain smoker smoking 10 ciggerrates a day. I have quit smoking now, but I am using vaporiser with Nicotine vaping liquid. I have also started living a health lifestyle. What are my chances of lung cancer or any other cancer? I don't have any cancer related symptoms. I was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia 5 years back. I am on medication for that. What are the side effects of vaping? Can my smoking and drinking addiction could have caused paranoid schizophrenia? Can I have the permanent cure for schizophrenia without there anti psychotic medication? Please help.

Dr. Garima Sharma 92% (276 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Fatehabad
Hi lybrate-user, here are certain ways to cure schizophrenia without medicines. 1. Vitamins: This kind of mental disorder is basically because of the lack of the right kinds of vitamins in the body. The wrong kind of diet might lead to the lack of the important nutrients in the body that leads to the mind getting weaker and this issue getting evident. When the chemical components present in the brain get disproportionate, it leads to the issue of Schizophrenia. Patients of Schizophrenia need to make sure that they add the methyl B12 as well as the vitamins such as C and A in the diet. 2. Fish Oil: The omega 3 fats make your brain get stronger and mightier. The lack of this source leads to the brain getting weaker day by day and causes the disease of Schizophrenia. Adding fish oil in your daily diet gives you the right amount of omega 3 fats and helps the patients recover. 3. Glycerin: Another reason behind the problem of Schizophrenia might be the breakage of the bonds between the amino blocks. It occurs when your body lacks in glycerin. Adding it in your diet helps you getting back to the healthy functioning of the brain. 4. Right Diet: A right kind of diet helps you having a healthy body. When your diet is rich in nutrients that you actually need, you end up having a vigorous brain. The ketogenic diet is a diet that is the most suitable diet for the patients of Schizophrenia. This diet helps you having the right amount of fats as well as the proteins that are needed for the recovery. 5. Chamomile: Chamomile is extremely reliable when it comes to ten issues like Schizophrenia. In Schizophrenia, the brain of the patients works abnormally and in order to calm him down, you need to give him a good dose of Chamomile. Just add it in water and boil it a bit. Gove the mixture to the patient to drink. 6. Exercise: A healthy body leads to a healthy life. The patients of Schizophrenia need to get involved with physical activities in order to make their brain, breath and work properly. Hope this helps. Good Luck.
1 person found this helpful

My sister was taking fluxanol depot, mdd xr ,dicorate for depression and schizophrenia for 1 year. She is now taking salads and mdd xr but feels better. How long should she take these medicines and when to stop?

Dr. Rajeev Ranjan 88% (15 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Gopalganj
Medication regime which you are talking about is more likely indicative of treatment of psychotic depression having some mixed features. So in this medication needs to be continued long term. May be few years. All a psychiatrist can say is if you stop medication abruptly then subsequent episode is going to be more rapid and severe.
1 person found this helpful

My sister was on fluxanol depot, mdd x r, dicorate for 1 year, now she has been suggested soltus, mdd x r.she feels better now. How much time she should continue these medicines for depression and schizophrenia?

Dr. Praveen Prashant 92% (12 ratings)
General Physician, Rohtak
Schizophrenia and depression- You have to be on drugs as long as your psychiatrist advise for it. You should stick to your psychiatrists rescription, dosage and schedule. Antipsychotics are very specific drugs. You should continue or stop them only on doctors advice.

I was recently diagnosed for schizophrenia. Whether he has to take medicines throughout his life. Is there any other remedy please advice and also tell me ways to support as he had lost his mother in feb 2017.

Dr. K V Anand 94% (21006 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
The exact cause of schizophrenia isn't known, but a combination of genetics, environment and altered brain chemistry and structure may play a role. Schizophrenia is characterised by thoughts or experiences that seem out of touch with reality, disorganised speech or behaviour and decreased participation in daily activities. Difficulty with concentration and memory may also be present. Treatment is usually lifelong and often involves a combination of medications, psychotherapy and coordinated speciality care services.
1 person found this helpful

My father, a surgeon DOCTOR (MBBS Ms. ENT Surgeon) Ex CMO of medical college of a central University, 4 childrens, I being the elder one 94 born. Got his first issue with thinking issues which relate to schizophrenia when I was 2 years old (as I got info from my mother) there after he recovered but most often symptoms are there, which slowly led to diminishing the career and he started getting problem with most of his colleagues and finally had to leave government position of MO in 2009, in bad Situations, he do not do anything by himself, he expects everything to be done by someone else, not even his needs, he always orders someone to do something for him and keeps lying on bed, now I took him to live with me in Delhi from a bad living style to great improvements, but he started getting it for granted and finds problem in everything, I work here for nominal salary and I am just an intermediate, instead of taking this as appreciation he Complains that his enemies are not allowing him to work and my money is a charity being given to him, when I start a hot debate he always ends up saying that suicide is better when it comes to honor. I am not able to understand whether it's the disease or his nature, I am fed up doing more than my capacity, instead of taking my support for productive use to establish himself he complaints, how to get him out of bed or a get a solution to this. I consulted a psychiatrist and giving him risdone syrup. Please help. He always takes some medicines by his own. Like anti biotic etc, which also causes side effects. And not ready to go to a doctor for a checkup.

Dr. Jagadeesan M.S. 95% (9156 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
He has poor insight into his psychiatric illness, the misdone syrup is an option, or you can apply to magistrate and get him evaluated and treated in accordance with existing mental health act. All the best
1 person found this helpful

Health Quizzes

Living With Schizophrenia

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Smoking habit affects sexual health in men. True or False?
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