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Overview

Vitamin Deficiency: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

When a person has deficiency of one or more than one vitamin/s, he/she suffers from vitamin deficiency or avitaminosis. Avitaminosis can cause severe long-term damage to a person’s health if left untreated. The symptoms of the condition depend on which vitamin or vitamins is/are missing. For this reason, doctors find it difficult to diagnose avitaminosis. More often than not, avitaminosis occurs due to lack of the Vitamin B1 or several other useful elements. Some of the factors that can lead to vitamin deficiency in a person are: abnormal functioning of digestive tract, unhealthy diet, faulty metabolism, heart, liver or kidney disease, genetics, old age and child bearing and breast feeding for women.

The symptoms of vitamin deficiency will depend on which vitamin/s is/are missing. However, the general symptoms of avitaminosis are weakness or fatigue, abnormal functioning of the musculoskeletal system, improper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, vision problems, skin problems, sleep disorder and mood swings. However, majority of the people who suffer from avitaminosis exhibit some form of spots on their hands.

The treatment of avitaminosis depends on diagnosing which set of vitamins are deficient in the patient’s body. A person cannot just randomly go to the drugstore and buy vitamins and consume them at his/her own free will. This will only aggravate the condition. A person suffering from vitamin deficiency will have to take the advice of the immunologist, therapist or pediatrician in case of children to chalk out the proper treatment plan.

How is the treatment done?

There are different forms of this condition. Avitaminosis is generally due to the deficiencies of Vitamin B1, E and A. On the other hand, the complete absence of all the necessary vitamins from a human body is termed hypovitaminosis. Hypovitaminosis can cause serious problems and it can even interfere with the physical and psychological development of a child if he/she is affected by it.

When a person suffers from deficiencies of Vitamin A, D, E and B1, he/she is suffering from spring avitaminosis. Winter avitaminosis can occur due to: malnutrition, long use of a particular medication, lack of vitamins, mostly E and B1, digestive problems and as a consequence of long-term treatment. Children and winter people are the most affected by winter avitaminosis. Avitaminosis in children can occur due to a wide range of reasons.

The treatment of avitaminosis requires a person to intake those vitamins that are deficient in his body. Supplements can be used to overcome this problem but changes in diet are also the need of the hour. The first step that a person suffering from avitaminosis can take is: taking multivitamins twice a year. This is because the body immunity is weakest during spring and autumn. A person can take multivitamins during this period so that he/she receives healthy doses of all the essential vitamins. Secondly, a person is required to take specialized supplements to overcome the deficiencies of some vitamins that are not readily available. Vitamin D is not available in normal food sources and hence, a person needs specialized supplements to overcome its deficiency. Finally, a well-balance diet will surely keep the risks of developing avitaminosis at bay.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

No laboratory or clinical studies are required to understand whether a person is eligible for treatment or not. A person suffering from some or all of the general symptoms associated with vitamin deficiency is eligible for treatment. The symptoms are: vision problems, weakness and fatigue, sleep disorders, mood swings, improper functioning of musculoskeletal system and the gastrointestinal tract and skin problems. A therapist or immunologist will personally examine a patient and then determine whether or not he/she is eligible for treatment of avitaminosis.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who has not experienced any of the symptoms of vitamin deficiency is not eligible for the treatment. A person becomes eligible only after he has been thoroughly checked and diagnosed by a physician. However, supplements for Vitamin D should be taken by people after consulting the doctor. People with some other serious illness, and who take medications for it, may not be eligible to take supplements.

Are there any side effects?

Many multi-vitamin products contain minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium and zinc. These may cause some side-effects like increased urination, teeth straining, uneven heart rate, confusion, muscle weakness and uneven heart rate. Supplements of Vitamin D has a number of side-effects such as elevated blood levels, high levels of calcium in blood, nausea, vomiting and poor appetite, loss of bones, problems of kidney and gastric troubles including constipation and diarrhea.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

the treatment for Vitamin C involves replenishing the vitamins that are not found in a patient’s body. Multivitamin tablets and specialized supplements help to normalize this anomaly. There are no such post-treatment guidelines excepting the fact that a person will have to maintain a balanced lifestyle and incorporate a healthy diet. This will help him to get all the essential nutrients.

How long does it take to recover?

Multivitamin tablets that help a person to receive the essential vitamins that he/she has been deficient in help to address the symptoms associated with avitaminosis. However, they may take a long time to work and the time for recovery depends on the patient and also on how serious his/her condition is. Supplements to replenish Vitamin D may also take some time to work and it actually depends on the constitution of the patient and the severity of the condition. However, in mild cases of avitaminosis, a patient does not require much time to recover.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

A month’s supply of multivitamin tablets can cost somewhere between Rs 250 to Rs 1650. The cost of Vitamin D supplements can cost between Rs 360- Rs 6440.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

Vitamin deficiency is generally addressed with the help of multi-vitamin tablets and some supplements when the vitamin is not readily available in everyday food. However, these medications help to restore the balance of vitamins that should be optimally present in a human body. However, a person may again suffer from avitaminosis due to an unhealthy lifestyle and also due to some other medical condition. Hence, the results are not permanent.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Consumption of green plants which are rich in vitamins and minerals help to keep avitaminosis at bay. The mineral salts and trace elements in plants and ginseng also help to fight avitaminosis.

Safety: High Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 250 - Rs 6440

Popular Health Tips

Vitamin D Deficiency - Symptoms & Ways to Reverse it!

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
Vitamin D Deficiency - Symptoms & Ways to Reverse it!

Before explaining how you can reverse the deficiency, it is important to know how vitamin D plays a pivotal role in your body. Well, this very vitamin is responsible for balancing the hormonal levels and ensuring the perfect functioning of your bones and brain. Also, vitamin D is indispensable for the proper functioning of your central nervous system. This is why people who are deficient display signs of anxiety, depression and, in severe cases, even suffer from bipolar disorder.

Apart from the neurological symptoms that the deficiency of vitamin D indicates, there are some physical symptoms as well that should not be overlooked either:

So, What Are The Causes Of Vitamin D Deficiency?

There are various reasons that lead to vitamin D deficiency. The most common ones are as follows:

  1. It happens when you are a vegan and do not consume any animal-based products, as it is common in foods like fish, egg yolks, beef liver, and fortified milk.
  2. You have limited exposure to sunlight, in such a case your body fails to make required vitamin D.
  3. If you spend a lot of time indoors or live in the northern latitudes, or wear robes, you may become vitamin D deficient.
  4. In case you have dark skin, it reduces your skin’s ability to make vitamin D based on your exposure to sunlight. Aged adults having a dark skin tone are more likely to suffer from vitamin D deficiency.

How To Overcome Vitamin D Deficiency?

  1. Get More Sun: 20-30 minutes of sunlight is all it takes for our bodies to produce enough Vitamin D to last us for a week, not everybody is able to enjoy the sun. 
  2. Eat More Food Rich In Vitamin D: Just increase your intake of foods that are naturally rich in vitamin D, such as salmon, raw cheese, yogurt and egg yolk. And if you are vegetarian, go for mushrooms as they are also an excellent source of vitamin D.
  3. Vitamin D Supplements: This is the fastest way to boost the vitamin D levels in your bloodstream, but it is advisable to consult a doctor before you begin your daily dose.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

8824 people found this helpful

Arthritis - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

M.S. Orthopedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Ahmedabad
Arthritis - How Can It Be Diagnosed And Cured?

Arthritis refers to extreme joint pain. It could either manifest in one of the joints in the body or more than one. At times, it occurs because of a vitamin deficiency. However, it can also advance with age. This is how arthritis can be easily diagnosed:

To diagnose arthritis, your specialist will consider the side effects and symptoms. They will then take a physical exam to check for swollen joints or loss of movement.

They will then use blood tests and X-ray to affirm the conclusion. X-ray and blood tests help in identifying the sort of arthritis you have. For instance, a great many people with rheumatoid arthritis have antibodies called rheumatoid components (RF) in their blood. X-rays are used to analyse osteoarthritis, normally uncovering lost ligament, bone deformities and in many extreme cases, a bone rubbing against another bone.

Sometimes, a needle is used to draw a little specimen of liquid from the joint for testing. This is done to eliminate different sorts of arthritis. In case your specialist speculates irresistible arthritis as a confusion of some other sickness, taking a sample of liquid from the influenced joint will typically affirm the finding and decide how it will be dealt with.

Depending on what kind of arthritis you have, your doctor will recommend you different therapies. However, some of the most common treatments for arthritis are as follows: 
Occupational Therapy

  1. Certain therapies involve long-term treatment to treat the affected joint. With the assistance of an occupational therapist, you can learn simpler approaches to do your typical exercises. A therapist can show you how to do the following:
  2. Maintain a strategic distance from positions that strain your joints.
  3. Utilise your most healthy joints and muscles while saving weaker ones.
  4. Use props to support certain joints.

Medication
Joint pain treatment will rely upon the nature and level of the condition. The principle objectives are to diminish aggravation and enhance the capacity of the influenced joints before the condition worsens. Your specialist will most likely recommend acetaminophen or a non-steroidal mitigating drug (NSAID), for example, Aleve.

Surgery
Different types of surgeries might be expected to lessen the inconvenience of joint inflammation or to recover the joint capacity. Synovectomy is the expulsion of a harmed connective tissue coating a joint depression. In case that ligament pain and irritation turn out to be genuinely chronic, or ligament joints turn out to be badly damaged, the answer may lie in surgical substitution.

Non-medical management of arthritis pain:
Besides medicine-based treatment for arthritis, there are many psychotherapeutic techniques to manage the same. Enhancing patients’ mental state by showing them how to unwind and perform their every day exercises at a sensible pace will also help in finding a way to defeat mental anxiety and nervousness. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopaedics.

2544 people found this helpful

Nutritional Deficiency - Can it Cause Depression?

MBBS, Post Graduate In Diabetology, Fellowship In Pain Medicine
Diabetologist, Howrah
Nutritional Deficiency - Can it Cause Depression?

Depression can be caused because of many reasons. However, it can get worse or be triggered due to nutritional deficiency. However nutritional deficiencies and depression act in a vicious cycle. Depressed people often receive less or improper food which leads to malnutrition which again aggravate depression. Thus, both conditions should be treated simultaneously. Read further to know how:

  1. Omega-3 fatty acids: An Omega-3 unsaturated fat deficiency can cause depression. That shows exactly how much fish, salmon, halibut or flaxseeds and walnuts we have to expend to be at an ideal level. These basic minerals lessen aggravation and take up a basic part in our mental health, particularly memory and disposition.
  2. Vitamin DVitamin D deficiency is a noteworthy problem that specialists and general physicians perceive to be dangerous. This lack has been connected to depression, dementia and mental imbalance. The majority of our Vitamin D levels drop off during the fall and winter months, since daylight is the best source of vitamin D.
  3. Magnesium: Odds are great that you are magnesium inadequate since a lot of people are. Sugar, phosphoric acid, perpetual anxiety, anti-infection agents and diuretics contain magnesium. Magnesium is infrequently alluded to as the anxiety counteracting agent.
  4. Vitamin B complex: B vitamins like vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 have some great medical advantages, including decreased heart diseases and healthy skin and nails. Again, a vitamin B deficiency may affect your emotional wellness. Every one in four depressed or stressed woman suffers from vitamin B12 deficiency.
  5. Folate: Individuals with a low folate level have just a seven percent reaction to treatment with antidepressants. Those with high folate levels have a reaction of 44 percent. That is the reason a lot of specialists are currently endorsing a folate called Deplin to treat dejection.
  6. Amino acids: Amino acids are the building blocks of protein that help your mind work efficiently. An amino acid deficiency may make you feel slow, foggy, unfocused, and discouraged. Great sources of amino acids include meat, eggs, beans, seeds, and nuts.
  7. IronIron deficiency is truly common in women. Around 20 percent of the women and 50 percent of pregnant women are iron deficient. Just 3 percent of men are iron deficient. The most widely recognized type of side effect is the decreasing number of red platelets brought on by the lack of iron. The side effects include weakness, concentration issues and a foggy mind.
  8. ZincZinc is used by more proteins (a person has more than 300) than some other minerals. It is important to most of the body’s systems. It also helps our stomach to determine what food items or nutrients to keep and what to dispose off.

Therefore, it is very important for a person to consume the right amount of nutrients that a human needs. Their deficiency not only causes depression, but also many other diseases and illnesses. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist and ask a free question.

3122 people found this helpful

Vitamin D Deficiency Causes, Symptoms, and Management

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Vitamin D Deficiency   Causes, Symptoms, and Management

Popularly known as the sunshine vitamin, vitamin D is essential for optimal bone health. Though calcium is the important ingredient of the bones, vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption and so contributes to good bone health.

Causes- Vitamin D is naturally formed by the body on exposure to sunlight and is present in dairy products, fish, fish oils, egg yolk, etc. However, use of good sun protection, lactose intolerance, and vegan diet followers can have vitamin D deficiency.

Symptoms- While bones are primarily affected due to vitamin D deficiency, there are other symptoms indicative of vitamin D, as noted below.

Vitamin D plays an important role and a healthy individual would have about 20 to 50 nanograms per millilitre of blood. As noted above, it is naturally formed by the body when exposed to the sun. However, those are not exposed to the sun too much, are obese, or are lactose intolerant, may have problems making sufficient vitamin D and may be deficient.

Management- There are two key components to management of this condition – prevention and treatment.

Prevention requires that you get adequate sun exposure so that the body is able to make the required amounts of vitamin D. About 15 minutes of sun exposure per day is recommended. If the weather does not allow for adequate sun exposure, make sure your diet contains foods with vitamin D in them. Eat grains and dairy products that are fortified with vitamin D. Foods such as fish, fish oils and egg yolk are also rich in vitamin D.

While sun and diet are usually sufficient to prevent vitamin D deficiency, there are increasingly more people with a deficiency of this essential vitamin. This is due to increased practices of vegan diet, sun protection, lactose intolerance, and of course obesity.

For those who end up with vitamin D deficiency, supplementation is the most viable solution. A word of caution though when taking supplements. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and can accumulate in the body. Higher levels can cause heart and kidney damage and therefore are not healthy for the body.

With some cautious measures, getting sufficient sun exposure and some food modifications should help in preventing vitamin D deficiency. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4813 people found this helpful

Tips for Parents to Deal with Autistic Children

MS - Counselling & Psychotherapy, Master of Arts In Clinical Psychology, Bachelor of Arts - Psychology & English Literature
Psychologist, Coimbatore
Tips for Parents to Deal with Autistic Children

The moment when you learn about your child being autistic can be a life changing moment for you. You might feel all the dreams and aspirations which you built around your child come crashing down on a pile of zilch. However, recent developments in this field show that you can certainly take steps to make your child more comfortable and bond well with them. 

Autism related disorder usually begin before the age of 3, when the child starts encountering problems in communication and social interaction. This article tries to help you find a way to deal with an autistic child:

  1. Learn more about autism: Learn about autism as much as you can; a broad understanding of the causes and symptoms of the disorder can help you understand your child better. This will also enable you to respond to your child’s needs better, both physical and psychological. 
  2. Build a strong support system: It is difficult to parent a child who is suffering from autism. Communicating and interacting with your child might be extremely difficult and problematic. In order to overcome this stress, you should have a strong support network, a support network from which you can draw your strength and logic once you have to take major life decisions for your child. 
  3. Review your treatment options: It is advisable to start treatment immediately after the diagnosis is done. Early treatment can help better your child’s cognitive skills that can help him/her cope better with the surroundings and circumstances. The treatment options include behavioral training whereby self-help or social skills training is used to work on the child’s communication skills and behavior. Specialized therapy is another option whereby the therapies are directed at a particular aspect of the child, primarily speech or physical functioning. 
  4. Focus on your child’s diet: Diet plays an important role in the regularization of any disease. Even in case of autism, deficiency of certain vitamins or minerals makes it very important to analyze the diet and then assess it. Consult with the doctor before making any modification to the child’s diet. 
  5. Behavioral training: Behavioral training is an aspect of autism treatment that allows the child to adapt to various conditions. Before a child undergoes behavioral training, it is advised to assess his/her behavior, functional abilities and the environment your child belongs to. The objective of this therapy or training is to induce desired behavior and get rid of the undesirable ones. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist and ask a free question.
2631 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, My vitamin B 12 is 269 pg/ml 25oh vitamin d is 11.34 ng/ml Cracking sound in bones, fatigue, pain in head in left right and back. Hard stool after eating with pain, memory loss, CBC is OK as per Dr, lipid profile is OK as per Dr.

MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Indore
Dear lybrate-user what is your age? You seems to be having very low vit D and vit B12 levels please starts supplements as your problems may be because of it Once your levels are ok you will starts feeling energetic and healthy Good luck.
3 people found this helpful

My vitamin B12 is 112 pg/ml. What should I take injection or tablet. As per I am pure vegetarian I think there are a risk of side effects in injection I have symptoms sometime like fast heart rate, fatigue, dizziness,vertigo, etc Kindly suggest tablets or injection with doses.

D. M. Neurology , M. D. Medicine, M. B. B. S. , MRCP-SCE
Neurologist, Delhi
There are no side effects of injection B12 apart from the little pain. Oral supplementation is less dependable due to variability in absorption rates. Injectable therapy rather helps in earlier replenishment of vitamin stores in body. If you don't want injectable therapy. Then oral is a second option.

I am a diabetic age 42 yrs. And diabetic from last 6 yrs. 9 month back I was detected for low vitamin b12, level was 201. Is that injection is advisable or tablet is OK. Now a days my vision getting blurt, tiredness, lazy, short term memory. Pls advice.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. I have seen the details given. For Vitamin B12 deficiency you can take tablets of methylcobalamine for some days. Tablets or injections really do not matter. As regards the problem with vision, it is necessary to get your eyes checked for ruling out development of cataract and retinal involvement. It is absolutely essential to have a strict glucose control with fasting < 100 mg, PP 150 to 170 mg and HbA1c% < 6.8. If you have any questions please do come back. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

I want to the medicine for the other test report like 25-oh vit d deficiency, Serum globulin ,ldl cholesterol - direct, tc/ hdl cholesterol ratio calculated 5.6 ratio 3 - 5 ldl / hdl ratio calculated 4.1 ratio 1.5-3.5 non-hdl cholesterol, Creatinine - serum Hba1c - 10 % Lymphocyte percentage 46.4 % 20-40 blood sugar fasting -159 Please advice.

MBBS, MD
Endocrinologist, Delhi
It is not possible to advise correctly like this. Proper advise can be given by a Physician when you meat him personally. He will take your detailed history including past, personal,family history etc the examine you to correlaye these reports.

Mera B12 vitamin 170 tha to ab tak main 20 injections le chuki hu par muje ab hyperthyroid hai to kya B12 firse kam ho sakta hai kya mai vegetarian hu to thyroid ki vajhase muze vitamin ki kami firse hogi kya.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Vitamin B12 ki kami vegetarian diet se ho sakati hai. Aap ko injections ke badale Methylcobalamine ki goliya bhi chal sakati hai. Hyperthyroidism se usame koi farak nahi aata. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Know More About Vitamin D Deficiency
I am Dr IPS Kochar, a pediatrician and endocrine diabetologist. Today, I am going to talk on very intresting topic, Vit-D which everyone wants to know.

So, Vit-D is essential to maintain calcium. It basically maintains the bone metabolism of the body and it is done basically through absorption of calcium from the intestine and also from renal tubular absorption of calcium. When VIt-D becomes deficient, the hormone PTH is released which tries to maintain calcium and phosphorus in the body. The deficiency of Vit-D in different groups are different. You can have it in the new born periods, in the childhood period or in the adolescence.

So, in the new born period, children may have some features like staying more tired, the problems related to bones such as bow legs i.e, curving of legs. Then there may be some other problem which is called genu valgum in which they have knock knees. These are some conditions which you can find. These are called as Rickets. And this ricket is responsible for Vit-D deficiency.

In the country like India which has a plenty of sunlight, why we are still facing Vit-D deficiency?

One of the reason is that lifestyle ahs changed. We are involved in more of a technical lifestyle. The best time to absorb Vit-D is 9-11 am in which one can absorb maximum amount of Vit-D. But at this time most of us are in teh office, the children are in the schools and the housewives are inside the house. So you are hardly able to absorb Vit-D.
Secondly. there is lot of pollution which does not allow us to absorb Vit-D
Covering of the body is another major factor.
There is a smog which blocks the vit-D
The sources of vit-D are very few. Most of the vit-D is in non veg. But maximum of the Indians are vegetarian. The best sources of Vit-D are fish, eggs. The one important thing all vegetarian must know that they can take mushroom. This will help in maintaining the Vit-D level. So, there are least sources of VIt-D.

There are two types of Vit-D, Vit-D2 and Vit-D3.

Vit-D2 is Ergocalciferol and Vit-D3 is Cholecalciferol. So we can get maximum of the Vit-D from the sunlight which we are not getting. In order to cover up Vit-D deficiency, we need to consume Vit-D. Otherwise children may suffer from Bow legs or genu valgum. In the adolescence, people may suffer from osteomalacia in which there is pain in the legs and bones. So, all these conditions are aggravated.

How to overcome with the deficiency of Vit-D?

Regularly take Vit-D. You can either take it weekly form or in the daily form. Consulting a doctor will be helpful. Also, Vit-D prevents the chances of cancer, hypertension, Diabetes, repeated infection in the children. Everybody should take Vit-D either weekly or daily form.

Thank you very much.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice