The health benefits of pigeon peas are as follows; maintain blood pressure, prevent anemia, assist in growth, helps in losing weight, boost energy, aids immunity, healthy heart, better digestive health.
The pigeon pea is a perennial legume, reigns from the family Fabaceae . The cultivation takes place as a single crop or with cereals like sorghum(Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet(Pennisetium glaucum), maize(Zeamays) or combined to legumes like peanuts(Arachis hypogaea). The seed pods looks flat, straight, sickle shaped with a length of 5-9 cm. Every pod contains 2 to 9 seeds with a mixture of colors such as white, cream, yellow, purple and black or combined with any of these individual colors. The maximum height of pigeon pea is 0.5-4.0 m, they are grown annually and harvested at the end of one season.
The nutritional values of pigeon peas comprises of Carbohydrates,Sugars,Dietary fibre, Fat, Protein. It contains Vitamins like-Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pantothenic acid (B5), Vitamin B6, Folate (B9),Choline, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K along with trace metals like Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc.
Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. Those who suffer from hypertention should add pigeon peas to the daily diet because they are highly prone to the cardiovascular disease.
The extremely ranges of folate present in pigeon peas play a twin position inside the physique. To start with, folate deficiency is carefully linked to anaemia and certain neural tube defects in unborn youngsters. Anaemia is a quite common affliction in tropical and creating international locations, which makes pigeon peas the entire extra essential. A single cup of pigeon peas offers greater than 110% of the each day useful consumption of this essential vitamin.
The rationale that pigeon peas have changed into such an irreplaceable a part of the eating regimen in lots of elements of the world is their densely packed protein content. A single cup of cooked pigeon peas comprises 11 grams of protein. Protein is crucial for regular development and growth, as it’s the constructing block of all the pieces from cells and tissues to muscle tissue and bones. Protein can be essential for regular therapeutic and regeneration of cells all through the physique.
Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. The presence of dietary fiber keeps full for a long period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the possibilities of weight gain. The nutrients found in pigeon peas converts into the usable energy than to store as a fat.
Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. It is suitable for the people living in arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy quickly.
Typically uncooked pigeon pea is healthier about sustaining vitamins, and with regards to vitamin C ranges in these legumes, it’s a smarter option to chew on the uncooked raw peas. The vitamin C content material drops by almost 25% when one prepare dinner, the peas should be raw! Vitamin C can stimulate the manufacturing of white blood cells and acts as an antioxidant within the physique, thus selling total wellness and robust immunity.
Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and low cholesterol which help to maintain the healthy heart. Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. Dietary fiber maintains cholesterol balance and prevents atherosclerosis.
Like many legumes, pigeon peas are a rich supply of dietary fibre, which is well-known to enhance digestion. Fibre can bulk up the stool and promote extra common bowel actions, thus lowering pressure and irritation, and decreasing the prevalence of constipation, bloating, cramping and diarrhoea.
Pigeon pea are chief legumes which are cultivated in semi-arid tropical regions, their immature seeds are either taken fresh as a vegetable otherwise they are left to become mature and then dried to be consumed as a pulse. Their seed pods are consumable and consumed as a vegetable. Their seed husks and leaves are utilized as feed for animals. In Thailand, pigeon peas are grown as a host for scale insects which produce lac, the key ingredient in shellac. Pigeon peas are in some areas an important crop for green manure, the woody stems of pigeon peas can also be used as firewood, fencing and thatch.
There are no such side effect of pigeon peas. But if come one is allergic to beans, they must stop eating it.
Pigeon peas has its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, and their seeds are food grains in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Pigeon peas are commonly cultivated in tropical and semitropical regions. Crop cultivation is done in marginal lands. The desirable temperatures for the crops to grow well, ranges from 18-38 degrees. Pigeon peas are grown well in many soils from sandy to clay soil, Soil must be able to hold up good amount of water and nicely drained, the plant can resist a pH range of 4.5-8.5 but minimally needs a range of 5 and 7. They can resist the draught conditions and can less irrigation. Pigeon peas undergo propagation from seed and must be cultivated at depth of 2.5-10 cm with a distance of 30-50 cm between each of the plant and 150 cm in the middle of rows.