Common Specialities
Common Issues
Common Treatments


Last Updated: Oct 31, 2019
Change Language

Otitis Media: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is Otitis Media? How is the treatment done? Are there any side effects? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent?

What is Otitis Media?

Otitis media is the inflammation in the middle of the ear. This condition is extremely common in children. There are different types of Otitis media, such as Acute Otitis media, Otitis media with effusion, chronic suppurative Otitis media and adhesive Otitis media. This condition can have different symptoms such as Otalgia, Otorrhea, headache, fever, irritability, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. Sometimes, Otitis media can also be an underlying cause of serious disorders such as Otalgia, Vertigo, Tinnitus, Hearing loss, etc. When small children experience Otitis media, they show symptoms such as poor sleep, increased crying and pulling at the ear.

Antibiotics such as Amoxicillin is used to decrease pain caused due to this condition. However if the pain doesn’t subside, surgery is required. Otitis media can cause a lot of discomfort such as sleeplessness, headache, neck pain, drainage of fluid from the ear, lack of balance and hearing loss. It is important to get it treated as soon as possible or the pain will just keep increasing. Cigarette smoking, infected adenoids, sinus infection, flu and allergies are mainly responsible for Otitis media. Two procedures can be used to treat severe cases of Otitis media such as Ear tubes and Adenoid removal. Adenoid removal procedure includes adenoids of the ear to be surgically removed if they are infected or enlarged.

How is the treatment done?

Many people opt for home remedies to reduce the pain caused by Otitis media. This includes, putting a moist and warm washcloth on the ear, buying OTC (Over the counter) ear drops or taking pain relievers. Otitis media is diagnosed by an ENT specialist by using an otoscope to examine your ear. Tympanometry is a test where an instrument is placed in your ear to measure pressure and see if the eardrum is ruptured. This test is performed for diagnosing Otitis media. Other tests such as reflectometry and hearing test can also be performed by the doctor. After the diagnoses of Otitis media, adenoids removal surgery can be suggested.

Adenoids are glands placed in the roof of our mouth just behind the soft palate. If these glands get enlarged or infected, it can not only cause Otitis media, but can also be responsible for tonsillitis. In such cases, adenoid removal surgery is extremely beneficial. This procedure is also known as adenoidectomy. This surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can be done in an outpatient unit. The surgeon will insert a tiny instrument into your mouth to hold it open, then the adenoids are removed by cauterizing (sealing with a hot device) or by making small incisions. After removing it, a gauze is used to control the bleeding. Stitches are not required in this type of procedure. You can either go home on the day of the procedure after the anesthesia wears off or stay an additional day in the hospital.

Who is eligible for the treatment?

Before the procedure, blood tests are performed to see whether the blood count is normal or not. Those whose blood doesn’t clot easily will not be allowed to go for adenoidectomy, as there can be a risk of blood loss. Those who experience severe Otitis media or tonsillitis are perfect candidates for adenoidectomy.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If symptoms of Otitis media can be cured by antibiotics and other medications for certain people, then adenoidectomy is not required at all. Swelling due to enlarged adenoidectomy can also controlled by certain medications. However, if the swelling and infection doesn’t decrease, then this procedure is the only option for recovery.

Are there any side effects?

There are no serious side effects after the adenoidectomy. You can experience pain, swelling and mild discomfort for a week or two after the procedure. However, there can be certain risks such as infection and bleeding. Certain risks associated with general anesthesia include breathing problems and allergic reactions.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

After adenoidectomy, it is important to drink a lot of fluids even though you might feel slight pain and discomfort. Staying hydrated after a surgery will help you to prevent dehydration. Hot and spicy foods should be avoided for a few weeks after the surgery. Crunchy and hard foods can also be difficult to swallow, hence should be avoided. However, you can eat plenty of desserts and cold liquids to help soothe your throat and recover faster. Strenuous activities should also be avoided after the surgery. It is recommended to consume food products like fruit juice, Gatorade, Jell-O, ice cream, sherbet, yogurt, pudding, apple sauce, warm beef or chicken broth and soft cooked vegetables and meat.

How long does it take to recover?

It usually takes one to two weeks to fully recover from the procedure. Right after the surgery, you might feel discomfort, swelling and pain in your throat. This is normal and will go away on the same day. You can also be given painkillers to help subside the pain.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of adenoidectomy surgery in India ranges from Rs. 1,30,000 to Rs. 4,00,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of adenoidectomy is permanent. However, if Otitis media is caused by factors other than enlarged adenoid glands, then symptoms of Otitis media can reoccur if care is not taken. Adenoidectomy is very successful and has beneficial after effects. After this procedure you can notice fewer than usual throat infections, lesser ear infections and easier breathing through the nostrils. Otitis media can be prevented by reducing the occurrence of respiratory infections like colds, avoiding cigarette smoking, getting pneumococcal vaccinations, etc. Prevention of Otitis media in infants include, breastfeeding them instead of giving them bottled milk, avoiding the use of a pacifier by your infant, etc.

Popular Questions & Answers

Sir mujhe Indian Army 1 unhealthy tympanic membrane R 2 Csom it ear, se reject kar diya gaya hai, konse problem hai yeh? Please tell me.

General Physician, Mumbai
There seems to be a problem with your ear drum and if necessary meet an ENT doctor and plan for surgery after clinical examination.

Popular Health Tips

Otitis Media - Factors That Put You At Risk!

ENT Specialist, Delhi
Otitis Media - Factors That Put You At Risk!
Otitis media or an ear infection which affects the middle ear, due to a viral or a bacterial attack. It is a painful condition that crops up due to fluid build-up in the middle ear. Since infections of this nature clear on their own, the treatment...
3830 people found this helpful

Common Complications Of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media(CSOM)!

ENT Specialist, Faridabad
Common Complications Of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media(CSOM)!
The advent of new age antibiotics has led to an overall decline in the frequency of complications of diseases, and chronic suppurative otitis media is no exception to this. But there is still room for severe complications of the disease related to...
3927 people found this helpful

Can Social Media Really Cause Depression?

PhD - Psychology
Psychologist, Raipur
Can Social Media Really Cause Depression?
Social media is one thing that we all are hooked to. Well, almost all of us. It is a millennial thing. 94% of teens across the world actively use social media. They probably spend hours chatting with their loved ones on Whatsapp and Messenger, scr...
1085 people found this helpful

Is Social Media Making You Depressed?

M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, M.Sc - Neuropsychology
Psychologist, Zirakpur
Is Social Media Making You Depressed?
Most people today begin and end their days by looking into their phones. Whether its Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or any other social media platform, chances are that you devote a lot of time to browsing through other people s lives and comparing ...
2947 people found this helpful

How Is Social Media Affecting Your Mental Health?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, CE (New York)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
How Is Social Media Affecting Your Mental Health?
Being away or oblivious to social media is synonymous to not following the herd. Social media probably is no more the latest fad; it is the given code to take a deeper look into the present age. The rewarding fact about social networking sites is ...
4065 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT)
Reviewed By
MD - Consultant Physician
General Physician
Play video
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media - Know More!
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media causes recurrent or persistent discharge through a perforation in the tympanic membrane, and can lead to thickening of the middle ear mucosa and mucosal polyps. It is a common cause of hearing impairment, disabilit...
Play video
Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa)
Hi, I am Dr Khatri and I am an ENT surgeon. I will tell you something about Swimmer's ears. Swimmer's ear is an infection which is caused due to dirty water. It is an infection of the outer ear and the ear canal which can result in itching, pain a...
Play video
Internet Addiction
Internet addiction disorder or IAD, more commonly called Problematic Internet use or PIU, refers to excessive internet use that interferes with your daily life. Too much internet use to chat with friends, watch porn, use social media or surf the n...
Play video
Botox In Aging Skin
Hello, I am Dr. Amit Luthra. I am here to talk about Botox in aging skin, when we talk about Botox it is a modality that is wonderful to treat your lines on the upper face, the neck laxity and the lines that you have on the neck as well as contour...
Play video
Otorrhea (Ear Discharge)
Hi, I am Dr. Harmeet Singh Pasricha. Today I would like to talk about otorrhea which is called ear discharge. It is frequently seen in patients. It can be because of disorder in the outer canal or in the middle ear. The conditions which can lead a...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice